CN109275550B - High-efficiency water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated sprinkling machine - Google Patents

High-efficiency water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated sprinkling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109275550B
CN109275550B CN201811450827.7A CN201811450827A CN109275550B CN 109275550 B CN109275550 B CN 109275550B CN 201811450827 A CN201811450827 A CN 201811450827A CN 109275550 B CN109275550 B CN 109275550B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
fertilizer
pesticide
pipe
fertilization
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CN201811450827.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109275550A (en
Inventor
李震
李寒松
段德刚
曹文东
李鹏
王长虎
赵志桓
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Shandong Agriculture and Engineering University
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Shandong Agriculture and Engineering University
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Priority to CN201811450827.7A priority Critical patent/CN109275550B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/09Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/042Adding fertiliser to watering systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/047Spraying of liquid fertilisers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0003Atomisers or mist blowers
    • A01M7/0014Field atomisers, e.g. orchard atomisers, self-propelled, drawn or tractor-mounted
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/005Special arrangements or adaptations of the spraying or distributing parts, e.g. adaptations or mounting of the spray booms, mounting of the nozzles, protection shields
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0089Regulating or controlling systems

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-efficiency water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated sprinkling machine, which comprises a reel machine, a water spraying travelling crane, a water delivery pipe and a water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated intelligent control system, wherein the reel machine comprises a winch, a power transmission mechanism, a chassis and a water turbine mechanism, the water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated intelligent control system comprises a wireless soil moisture content sensor, a wireless transmission network, an upper computer for decision making and a lower computer for controlling an electric control execution mechanism, the electric control execution mechanism comprises an EC/PH sensor, a liquid level sensor, a fertilizer liquid pneumatic regulating valve, an acid-alkali liquid pneumatic regulating valve, a dosing metering pump, a water pump flow control valve, the fertilizer liquid pneumatic regulating valve, the acid-alkali liquid pneumatic regulating valve and the dosing metering pump, so as to form a variable regulation execution mechanism, the reel machine constant-speed recovery control structure and a water pump shutdown mechanism, and a liquid level collector and a camera, the liquid level collector and the camera are connected with the controller through wireless transmission, and the liquid level sensor is connected with the liquid level collector.

Description

High-efficiency water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated sprinkling machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural mechanical equipment, in particular to a high-efficiency water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated sprinkling machine.
Background
The reel formula sprinkling irrigation machine of prior art can only generally use foliage irrigation fertilizer, and the defect that exists is, the concentration of fertilizer is influenced by main pipeline flow and pressure variation, and pipeline pressure loss is difficult control greatly, and it is inhomogeneous that the spraying water driving recovery speed is invariable to lead to sprinkling irrigation to and lack the unable unmanned on duty scheduling problem that realizes of remote monitoring technique, can not satisfy the demand that modern agricultural development was equipped to the sprinkling irrigation.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects in the prior art and provides the high-efficiency water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated sprinkling machine; the invention carries out sprinkling irrigation by using the reel type sprinkling irrigation machine, establishes the high-efficiency water-saving irrigation demonstration area, thereby improving the water irrigation condition, and can generate obvious economic benefit in the aspects of water saving, energy saving, land saving, yield increase, income increase and the like; meanwhile, the fertilizer application in layers can improve the utilization rate of the fertilizer, reduce the waste of the fertilizer and the pesticide and reduce the environmental pollution, and has remarkable ecological benefit and high social benefit.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows:
a high-efficiency water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated sprinkling machine comprises a reel machine, a water-spraying travelling crane, a water delivery pipe and a water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated intelligent control system, wherein the reel machine comprises a winch, a power transmission mechanism, a chassis, a water turbine mechanism and a pipe arrangement mechanism;
the water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated intelligent control system comprises a wireless soil moisture content sensor, a wireless transmission network, an upper computer for decision making and a lower computer for controlling an electric control execution mechanism, wherein the upper computer is connected with a wireless serial port transmission station through a serial port, the wireless serial port transmission station is connected with the lower computer through a wireless signal, the lower computer is connected with the electric control execution mechanism, the upper computer is connected with the wireless network transmission station through a network cable, the wireless network transmission station is connected with the wireless soil moisture content sensor through a wireless signal, the lower computer is connected with a power supply, the electric quantity of the power supply is displayed and monitored on a computer through the wireless serial port, a plurality of wireless soil moisture content sensors are distributed in a soil division unit, and the wireless soil moisture content sensors are responsible for collecting the soil moisture content of a fertilizing plot, transmitting data to the upper computer in real time and providing basis for;
the electric control actuating mechanism comprises a variable adjusting actuating mechanism, a reel machine constant-speed recovery control structure, a water pump stopping mechanism and a sensing system, the variable adjusting actuating mechanism comprises a fertilizer liquid pneumatic regulating valve, an acid-alkali liquid pneumatic regulating valve, a dosing metering pump and a water pump flow control valve, and the sensing system comprises an EC/PH sensor and a liquid level sensor;
be fixed with liquid level collector, camera in the frame of water spray driving, liquid level collector, camera pass through wireless transmission and are connected with the controller, and level sensor is connected with liquid level collector, and liquid level collector's entry passes through the pipe connection with applying medicine case, fertile liquid bucket respectively, liquid level collector, applying medicine case, fertile liquid bucket are connected respectively and are being close to the both sides of frame intermediate position to the central point that the center that keeps the frame of longer structure is close to the frame as far as possible puts, keeps the operation stationarity of frame and water spray driving, sends fertile liquid use amount and surplus information to field ground first personnel in real time through liquid level collector, camera.
The water spray travelling crane is multi-nozzle truss vehicle, and multi-nozzle truss vehicle is including frame, two walking wheels, walking wheel support, water spray house steward, fertilization house steward, the house steward of giving medicine to poor free of charge, water spray nozzle, fertilization shower nozzle, the shower nozzle of giving medicine to poor free of charge, the water spray nozzle divides pipe, tee bend and water spray house steward to be connected through the water spray, and the shower nozzle of giving medicine to poor free of charge is connected through fertilization branch pipe, tee bend and fertilization house steward, and the fertilization house steward is connected with the frame respectively, the position of fertilization shower nozzle, water spray nozzle, the shower nozzle of giving medicine to poor free of charge arranges backward in the past, and the during operation goes on according to the order of spouting fertile, water spray, spouting the medicine promptly.
The main water spray pipe comprises a left side water spray pipe and a right side water spray pipe, the left side water spray pipe is connected with a left side water outlet of a four-way connector, the right side water spray pipe is connected with a right side water outlet of the four-way connector, a water delivery pipe water outlet is connected with a lower side water inlet of the four-way connector, the main fertilizer application pipe is connected with a water outlet of a transition pipe, a water inlet of the transition pipe is connected with an upper side water outlet of the four-way connector, a valve is arranged on the transition pipe, a water inlet side of the valve is connected with one end of a first pipeline through a tee joint, a water outlet side of the valve is connected with one end of a second pipeline through a tee joint, the other end of the first pipeline is connected with one end of a water inlet of a proportional fertilizer injection pump, the other end of the second pipeline is connected with a water outlet of the proportional fertilizer injection pump, a, the proportional fertilizer injection pump is fixed on the frame, and the fertilizer liquid barrel is fixed on the frame through a stainless steel binding belt; the walking wheel is connected with the lower part of the walking wheel bracket, the upper part of the walking wheel bracket is connected with the frame, and the position of the walking wheel bracket on the frame can be adjusted.
The fertilization house steward adopts the PPR material, and the fertilization house steward forms overall structure by many fertilization body series connection, and the tip of adjacent fertilization body is connected with quick change coupler respectively, connects through transparent spring bellows between the quick change coupler of adjacent fertilization body.
A fertilization hooking device is arranged beside each fertilization branch pipe, one end of each fertilization hooking device is connected with the fertilization branch pipe, and the other end of each fertilization hooking device is connected with the fertilization main pipe; the fertilization hook device is used for adjusting the horizontal spacing and the height of the fertilization branch pipes and respectively adjusting the fertilization height and the spacing; a pesticide applying hook device is arranged beside each pesticide applying branch pipe, one end of the pesticide applying hook device is connected with the pesticide applying branch pipe, and the other end of the pesticide applying hook device is connected with the pesticide applying main pipe; meanwhile, the horizontal distance and the height of the pesticide applying branch pipe are adjusted by the pesticide applying hook device.
The fertilization branched pipe is provided with a stainless steel pipe clamp, the water spray main pipe is provided with a stainless steel sleeve, and the fertilization branched pipe is connected with the water spray main pipe through the matching of the stainless steel pipe clamp and the stainless steel sleeve; the pesticide application branch pipe is provided with a stainless steel pipe clamp and is connected with the main water spray pipe through the stainless steel pipe clamp and a stainless steel sleeve.
A database is arranged in the upper computer, the current condition of the fertilizer requirement or pesticide spraying proportion of the crops is called through the computer database, indexes of fertilizer application and pesticide spraying amount are issued to the intelligent controller, and meanwhile, the information of fertilizer application amount, water consumption amount and pesticide consumption amount is counted; the intelligent fertilizer spraying system comprises an EC/PH sensor, an intelligent controller and a corresponding pneumatic regulating valve, wherein a PID system for controlling the variable quantity of fertilizer is formed by the intelligent controller and the corresponding pneumatic regulating valve, the optimal water-fertilizer ratio is provided for crops according to indexes provided by a computer, when the pesticide is required to be sprayed, the volume of water in a tank is calculated according to the sectional area of a water tank and water level information provided by a liquid level meter under the control of the computer, then the pesticide ratio provided in a database is calculated, a dosing metering pump is driven to inject reasonable amount of pesticide into the tank under the action of the intelligent controller, the grid division of the fertilized soil is realized through an upper computer, the parameters of a spraying frame are initialized, the sprinkling irrigation is started and stopped, the fertilization progress is tracked and recorded, and the soil moisture.
The water pump stopping mechanism comprises a GSM wireless transmission module, a connecting rod structure, a travel switch and a water pump controller, wherein the GSM wireless transmission module comprises a GSM transmitting module and a GSM receiving module, the GSM transmitting module is connected with the reel, the GSM receiving module is arranged in a water pump control box, the travel switch is connected with the GSM transmitting module, one end of the connecting rod structure is matched with the travel switch, the other end of the connecting rod structure is connected with the swing lifting mechanism, the travel switch is connected with the water pump controller through a circuit, the water pump controller controls the action of a start-stop switch of the water pump, or the travel switch is directly connected with the water pump start-stop switch to control the action of the start-stop switch, the GSM module is adopted for wireless transmission, when irrigation is finished, the travel switch is triggered through the connecting rod structure, a signal is output to the GSM transmitting module fixed on the reel of the sprinkler, then, a signal is output to a water pump start-stop switch or a water pump controller, the water pump is closed, the water pump controller can be further in signal connection with a mobile phone, and the start and stop of the water pump are remotely controlled through a mobile phone short message; the water pump controller is connected with the lower computer.
The reel machine constant-speed recovery control structure comprises an induction wheel, a sensor, a constant-speed recovery controller, a stepping motor, a speed reducer, a driving gear, a sector gear, a flowmeter, a battery and a solar power generation system, wherein the sector gear is connected with a sprinkler water turbine speed regulation shaft, the sensor is connected with a support on one side of the sprinkler water turbine, the induction wheel is connected with a turbine rotating shaft on one side of the sprinkler water turbine, the stepping motor and the speed reducer are connected with a sprinkler support, the driving gear is connected with an output shaft of the speed reducer, the driving gear is meshed with the sector gear, the constant-speed recovery controller is connected with the sprinkler support, the sensor, the constant-speed recovery controller and the stepping motor are connected with the battery, the sensor, the constant-speed recovery controller, the stepping motor and the speed reducer are arranged on the sprinkler support on one side of the sprinkler water turbine, and the solar power generation system is connected with, the flow meter is arranged on the water inlet pipeline and used for monitoring the flow entering the water turbine, the sensor, the flow meter and the speed regulator of the stepping motor are connected with the constant-speed recovery controller, and the speed of the rotation of the sprinkler reel is realized by adjusting the flow of the water entering the water turbine through the constant-speed recovery controller; the constant-speed recovery controller is connected with the lower computer.
The solar power generation system comprises a photovoltaic module, a controller module, a storage battery pack, the photovoltaic module is connected with the controller module, the controller module is connected with the storage battery pack, the photovoltaic module is connected with a vertical support column of the sprinkler, the photovoltaic module is movably connected with the vertical support column, the vertical support column is connected with a bracket on the other side of the sprinkler, the photovoltaic module is connected with the vertical support column through a rotating shaft so as to adjust the angle irradiated by the sun, the controller module, the storage battery pack is placed on a chassis of the sprinkler, a battery of the constant-speed recycling control structure of a reel machine of the sprinkler is connected with the storage battery pack of the solar power generation system, or the storage battery pack directly supplies power to an electric appliance of the constant-speed recycling control structure of the sprinkler.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the PC and the PLC lower computer of the invention are combined with each other to provide reliable decision execution capability for the whole system. The wireless transmission network is used as a pipeline for information transmission, and the information transmission capability (transmission rate, anti-interference performance and stability) of the wireless transmission network determines whether the whole control system can reliably and stably work. The water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated intelligent control system consists of a plurality of wireless soil moisture content sensors distributed in the land grid units, a wireless transmission network, an upper computer PC for decision making and a PLC lower computer for controlling an electric control execution mechanism. The wireless soil moisture content sensor is responsible for collecting the soil moisture content condition of the fertilization plots, and transmits data to the upper computer in real time, so that a basis is provided for fertilization decision making. The method realizes the functions of grid division of the fertilized soil, initialization of spray frame parameters, start and stop of spray irrigation, tracking and recording fertilization progress, query of soil moisture content value of unit soil and the like.
2. The invention uses the reel type sprinkler to spray irrigation, establishes the high-efficiency water-saving irrigation demonstration area, thereby improving the water irrigation condition and generating obvious economic benefits in the aspects of water saving, energy saving, land saving, production increase, income increase and the like. The concrete points are as follows: high-efficiency water saving: the ground irrigation is changed into field sprinkling irrigation, so that the deep leakage loss of water is effectively prevented, and the effective utilization rate of the water is improved; power saving: although the matching power of the spray irrigation is larger than that of the general ground irrigation, the spray irrigation time is short, and the water irrigation quota is small; land saving: the irrigation can greatly reduce the occupied area of the ditch, and the utilization rate of the cultivated land is improved compared with the ground irrigation; timely irrigation and yield increase: after the sprinkling irrigation is carried out, the irrigation guarantee rate can be improved, the field irrigation conditions are improved, and the timely and proper irrigation is facilitated; labor saving: compared with irrigation of soil ditches, 2 labor can be saved per mu per year for sprinkling irrigation, and 30 labor can be saved per hectare per year for sprinkling irrigation; saving the well-digging investment: the water-saving effect of the spray irrigation is obvious, the single-well control area is enlarged, and the well-digging investment is reduced.
The reel type sprinkling machine also has the characteristic of strong adaptability, the topographic condition basically has no influence on sprinkling, even if the topographic condition with large gradient is complex, the land which is difficult to irrigate by adopting the traditional ground is difficult, the irrigation effect of sprinkling irrigation is still good, and especially, the reel type sprinkling machine is very convenient to move and is more suitable for the actual situation of China.
The reel type sprinkling machine is used for sprinkling irrigation, so that the water and soil conservation user can keep the actual condition of the soil. The water droplet diameter of adjustment irrigation and the size of sprinkling irrigation intensity do not destroy the soil structure, do not produce soil erosion, avoid soil erosion and water loss, form good field microclimate to through the moist degree of depth of sprinkling irrigation control, eliminate deep seepage, can effectively avoid salinization.
3. The social benefit is high, and the implementation of the high-efficiency water-saving irrigation demonstration project not only can bring greater economic benefit to project areas, but also can generate great social benefit; the machine belongs to unmanned operation machinery, effectively reduces the production cost, reduces the energy consumption, lightens the compaction and damage to soil, can store water and preserve soil moisture when people do not work, and protects cultivated land; meanwhile, the fertilizer application in layers can improve the utilization rate of the fertilizer, reduce the waste of the fertilizer and the pesticide and the environmental pollution, and have remarkable ecological benefit.
4. The water and fertilizer integrated variable irrigation (fertilization) control system has high sprinkling irrigation uniformity, and has the intellectualization of sprinkling irrigation automatic correction, irrigation quantity adjustment, remote pump stop and remote fault signal transmission, so that accurate sprinkling irrigation operation is realized. Through dividing into a plurality of units with the soil, a soil moisture content wireless transmission tester is configured to every unit, tests the soil moisture content of every unit soil before sprinkling irrigation, compares with the target soil moisture content of hope, calculates the speed of retrieving of sprinkling irrigation machine at this unit soil according to the soil moisture content difference, just so can realize that the sprinkling irrigation machine is according to different soil moisture contents, automatically regulated functioning speed, the completion variable sprinkling irrigation (fertilization).
5. The walking wheels 142 are connected with the lower parts of the walking wheel brackets 156, the upper parts of the walking wheel brackets 156 are connected with the rack, and the positions of the walking wheel brackets 156 on the rack can be adjusted, so that the positions of the two walking wheels 142 on the rack 141 can be adjusted to the outward positions, and the stability of linear movement is kept.
6. Because the fertilization main pipe 144 adopts the PPR material, the fertilization main pipe 144 is formed into an integral structure by connecting a plurality of fertilization pipe bodies in series, the end parts of the adjacent fertilization pipe bodies are respectively connected with a quick-change connector 1442, the quick-change connectors of the adjacent fertilization pipe bodies are connected through a transparent spring corrugated pipe 1443, the length of each fertilization pipe body can be about four meters, and each section is connected with each section through the quick-change connector, so that the assembly and disassembly are convenient. The transparent spring corrugated pipe is connected between the quick-change connector and the quick-change connector, so that the equipment can swing left and right and up and down when walking on uneven roads in fields, and real-time observation can be realized through the transparent spring corrugated pipe. When the fertilization pipe sprays fertilizer, the fertilization main pipe is connected to the fertilization branch pipe through the PPR tee joint and then is sprayed to the atomization nozzle.
7. A fertilization hooking device 1441 is arranged beside each fertilization branch pipe, one end of each fertilization hooking device is connected with the fertilization branch pipe, and the other end of each fertilization hooking device is connected with the fertilization main pipe. Meanwhile, the fertilizer hook device is used for adjusting the distance and the horizontal height of the rubber pipes, and the fertilizer application height and the fertilizer application distance can be respectively adjusted. The side of each pesticide application branch pipe is provided with a pesticide application hook device, one end of the pesticide application hook device is connected with the pesticide application branch pipe, and the other end of the pesticide application hook device is connected with the pesticide application main pipe. Meanwhile, the distance and the horizontal height of the rubber tubes are adjusted by the pesticide applying hook device, and the pesticide applying height and the distance can be respectively adjusted.
6. The fertilizing tube is provided with a stainless steel tube clamp, the water spraying main pipe is provided with a stainless steel sleeve, and the fertilizing tube is connected with the water spraying main pipe through the cooperation of the stainless steel tube clamp and the stainless steel sleeve; the pesticide application pipe is provided with a stainless steel pipe clamp and is connected with the water spray main pipe through the stainless steel pipe clamp and a stainless steel sleeve. Therefore, the novel LED lamp is simple and attractive, and is very convenient to disassemble and assemble.
7. A database is arranged in an upper computer, the current condition of the fertilizer requirement or pesticide spraying proportion of crops is called through the computer database, indexes of fertilizer application and pesticide spraying amount are issued for an intelligent controller, and meanwhile information such as fertilizer application amount, water consumption amount and pesticide consumption amount are counted. A PID system for controlling the variable of fertilizer is composed of EC/PH sensor, intelligent controller and pneumatic regulating valve, and can provide optimal water-fertilizer ratio for crops according to the index provided by computer. When the pesticide needs to be sprayed, under the control of the computer, the volume of water in the tank is calculated according to the sectional area of the water tank and the water level information provided by the liquid level meter, and then the pesticide dosing pump is driven to inject a reasonable amount of pesticide into the tank under the action of the intelligent controller according to the pesticide ratio provided in the database. The method comprises the steps of realizing the grid division of the fertilized soil, initializing the parameters of a spraying frame, starting and stopping the spraying, tracking and recording the fertilization progress, inquiring the soil moisture content value of the unit soil and the like through an upper computer.
The communication between the upper computer and the lower computer is realized through the wireless serial port, the constraint of cables is eliminated, and the matching between the upper computer and the lower computer is more flexible. The upper computer and the lower computer adopt a master-slave communication mode, namely the lower computer works strictly according to the instructions of the computer, the power supply mode of the upper computer adopts a lithium battery for power supply, the display of the electric quantity is monitored on the upper computer through a wireless serial port, and the wireless serial port type outdoor power supply is very suitable for working in the field environment without an alternating current power supply.
8. The liquid level collector, the pesticide applying box and the fertilizer liquid barrel are respectively connected to two sides close to the middle position of the rack, so that the center of the rack with a longer structure is kept close to the center position of the rack as much as possible, the running stability of the rack and the water spraying travelling crane is kept, and the fertilizer liquid, the use amount of the pesticide liquid and the residual amount information are sent to field ground personnel in real time through the liquid level collector and the camera.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the overall structure of the mechanical part;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the reel machine;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a water spraying traveling crane;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a connection structure of a solar power generation system;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of an inductive wheel and a sensor of a constant-speed recovery control structure of a reel machine;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a connection relationship between a driving gear 301 and a sector gear 302 of a constant speed recycling control structure of a reel machine;
FIG. 7 is a control system schematic;
FIG. 8: a signal transmission block diagram;
FIG. 9 is a flow chart of the operation of the water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated intelligent control system of the invention;
Detailed Description
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the technical solution of the present invention, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiment of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiment is only a part of the embodiment of the present invention, and not all embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1-9, in the figure, 1 is a winch, 3 is a chassis, 4 is a water pipe, 5 is a water turbine mechanism, 6 is a pipe arranging mechanism, 7 is a water spraying travelling crane, 8 is a spray head connection, 9 is a ground anchor, 11 is a power transmission mechanism, 12 is a rotary disc, 13 is a supporting leg.
The utility model provides a high-efficient liquid manure medicine integration sprinkling irrigation machine, including the reel machine, water spray driving 7, raceway 4, liquid manure medicine integration intelligence control system, the reel machine includes capstan winch 1, power transmission mechanism 11, chassis 3, water turbine mechanism 5, calandria mechanism 6, the raceway winding is on the capstan winch 1 of reel machine, carousel 12 is connected with chassis 3, capstan winch 1 is connected with carousel 12 and can revolute the predetermined angle of axis of rotation, the leg joint of water turbine mechanism 5 one side on power transmission mechanism and the chassis 3, power transmission mechanism includes the reducing gear box, chain sprocket drive part, the power output shaft of water turbine passes through the chain sprocket drive and is connected with the power input shaft of reducing gear box, thereby the power output shaft of reducing gear box passes through the chain sprocket drive and drives the sprocket rotation on the capstan winch and drives the capstan winch rotation, twine the raceway on capstan winch 1. The water turbine mechanism 5 transmits power to the winch 1 through the power transmission mechanism 11 and drives the winch 1 to rotate slowly, the chassis 3 is connected with the supporting legs 13, the chassis 3 is connected with the ground anchor 9, and the winding machine is connected with the water spraying travelling crane through the spray head connection 8 and the water conveying pipe 4. When the winch type sprinkling irrigation machine works, the reel machine is fixed on a traveling machine channel in the middle of the rectangular land block, and the sprinkler is dragged to one end of the strip land by the tractor. And (3) starting a water source, opening a water inlet valve of the sprinkler, driving the winch to rotate by the pressure water through the water turbine mechanism 5 and the power transmission mechanism, and driving the sprinkler car to move towards the direction of the reel machine by the winding water pipe 4. A plurality of refraction spray heads on the spray head vehicle cantilever spray to form a rectangular wetting zone. The spraying uniformity is realized by changing the rotating speed of the winch through the speed regulating device on the winch and ensuring the uniform operation of the nozzle car, and in the spraying operation process, the circle of water conveying pipes 4 wound on the winch 1 are orderly arranged through the guiding devices on the winch. When the spraying operation is finished, the ejector rod on the sprayer vehicle collides with a device for cutting off and driving the winch to rotate, the winch stops rotating and cuts off a water source, then the winch is turned for 180 degrees, the sprayer vehicle is pulled to the other end of the ground by a tractor, and the spraying operation is started again.
The water spraying travelling crane is a multi-nozzle truss vehicle, the multi-nozzle truss vehicle comprises a frame 141, two travelling wheels 142, a travelling wheel bracket 156, a water spraying main pipe 143, a fertilization main pipe 144, a pesticide application main pipe 145, a water spraying nozzle 146, a fertilization nozzle 147 and a pesticide application nozzle 148 which are connected, the water spraying nozzle is connected with the water spraying main pipe through a water spraying branch pipe and a tee joint, the fertilizer spraying nozzle is connected with the fertilization main pipe through a fertilization branch pipe and a tee joint, the pesticide application main pipe 145 is connected with a pesticide application box 153 through a pipeline, the pesticide application nozzle is connected with the pesticide application main pipe through a pesticide application branch pipe and a tee joint, the water spraying main pipe and the fertilization main pipe are respectively connected with the frame, the water spraying main pipe comprises a left water spraying pipe 1431 and a right water spraying pipe 1432, the left water spraying pipe 1431 is connected with a left water outlet of a four-way connector 149, the right water spraying pipe is connected with a right water, the fertilization main pipe 144 is connected with a water outlet of a transition pipe 1505, a water inlet of the transition pipe is connected with a water outlet at the upper side of a four-way connector 149, a valve 1504 is arranged on the transition pipe 1505, one water inlet side of the valve 1504 is connected with one end of a first pipeline through a tee joint, one water outlet side of the valve is connected with one end of a second pipeline through a tee joint, the other end of the first pipeline is connected with one end of a water inlet 1501 of a proportional fertilizer injection pump 150, the other end of the second pipeline is connected with a water outlet 1502 of the proportional fertilizer injection pump, a fertilizer inlet 1503 of the proportional fertilizer injection pump is connected with an outlet of a fertilization pipe, and an inlet of the fertilization pipe is connected with a fertilizer outlet. The water delivery pipe 4 adopts a PE pipe. The calandria mechanism 6 is connected with the chassis 3, the proportional fertilizer injection pump is fixed on the frame 141, and the fertilizer liquid barrel 152 is fixed on the frame through a stainless steel strap. The travelling wheels 142 are connected with the lower parts of the travelling wheel brackets 156, the upper parts of the travelling wheel brackets 156 are connected with the rack, and the positions of the travelling wheel brackets 156 on the rack can be adjusted, so that the positions of the two travelling wheels 142 on the rack 141 can be adjusted.
The positions of the fertilizing spray nozzle 147, the water spray nozzle 146 and the pesticide spray nozzle 148 are arranged from front to back, namely, the fertilizing, the water spraying and the pesticide spraying are carried out in sequence during working.
A liquid level collector 154 and a camera 157 are fixed on the rack, the liquid level collector 154 and the camera 157 are connected with a controller through wireless transmission, the inlet of the liquid level collector 154 is respectively connected with the pesticide application box 153 and the fertilizer liquid barrel 152 through a pipeline 155, and the liquid level collector 154, the pesticide application box 153 and the fertilizer liquid barrel 152 are respectively connected with two sides close to the middle position of the rack so as to keep the center of the rack with a longer structure as close as possible to the center position of the rack and keep the running stability of the rack and the water spraying travelling crane. Fertilizer liquid, liquid medicine usage and residual amount information are sent to field ground personnel in real time through the liquid level collector 154.
The fertilization main pipe 144 is made of PPR materials, the fertilization main pipe 144 is of an integral structure formed by serially connecting a plurality of fertilization pipe bodies, the end parts of the adjacent fertilization pipe bodies are respectively connected with a quick-change connector 1442, the quick-change connectors of the adjacent fertilization pipe bodies are connected through a transparent spring corrugated pipe 1443, the length of each fertilization pipe body can be about four meters, and each section is connected with each section through the quick-change connectors, so that the assembly and disassembly are convenient. The transparent spring corrugated pipe is connected between the quick-change connector and the quick-change connector, so that the equipment can swing left and right and up and down when walking on uneven roads in fields, and real-time observation can be realized through the transparent spring corrugated pipe. When the fertilization pipe sprays fertilizer, the fertilization main pipe is connected to the fertilization branch pipe through the PPR tee joint and then is sprayed to the atomization nozzle.
Every fertilization is in charge of the next door and all has fertilization couple ware 1441, and fertilization couple ware one end is in charge of with the fertilization and is connected, the other end and fertilization house steward pipe are connected, and fertilization is in charge of can adopting the rubber tube, and fertilization couple ware comes the horizontal spacing and the height of adjusting the rubber tube simultaneously, and then can adjust the height and the interval of fertilization respectively.
The fertilization branched pipe is provided with a stainless steel pipe clamp, the water spray main pipe is provided with a stainless steel sleeve, and the fertilization branched pipe is connected with the water spray main pipe through the matching of the stainless steel pipe clamp and the stainless steel sleeve; the pesticide application branch pipe is provided with a stainless steel pipe clamp and is connected with the main water spray pipe through the stainless steel pipe clamp and a stainless steel sleeve. Therefore, the novel LED lamp is simple and attractive, and is very convenient to disassemble and assemble.
The side of each pesticide application branch pipe is provided with a pesticide application hook device, one end of the pesticide application hook device is connected with the pesticide application branch pipe, and the other end of the pesticide application hook device is connected with the pesticide application main pipe. The medicine applying branch pipe can adopt a rubber pipe, and the horizontal distance and the height of the rubber pipe are adjusted by the medicine applying hook device, so that the medicine applying height and the medicine applying distance can be respectively adjusted.
The reel machine conveys water to a four-way connector of the sprinkler through a water conveying pipe wound on the reel, the four-way connector is used for shunting, two water flows of the left branch and the right branch flow into a stainless steel water pipe of the fertilizing pipe, the fertilizing pipe can adopt the stainless steel water pipe, and then water is sprayed through the spray head. And the other water flow continuously enters the fertilizing pipe forwards, one end of the proportional fertilizer injection pump is connected with the water inlet, the other end of the proportional fertilizer injection pump is connected with the water outlet, the fertilizer inlet at the bottom is connected with the fertilizer liquid barrel through a hose connecting pipeline, a filter is connected on the hose connecting pipeline between the proportional fertilizer injection pump and the fertilizer liquid barrel, and the fertilizer liquid barrel is fixed on the rack through a stainless steel binding belt. A liquid level collector is fixed on the rack at the left end of the fertilizer liquid barrel, and the using amount and the residual amount of the fertilizer liquid can be sent to field ground personnel in real time. The fertilizing pipe is made of PPR materials, the fertilizing pipe is divided into one section every four meters, and each section is connected with each other through a quick-change connector, so that the fertilizing pipe can be conveniently disassembled and assembled. The transparent spring corrugated pipe is connected between the quick-change connector and the quick-change connector, so that the equipment can swing left and right and up and down when walking on uneven roads in fields, and real-time observation can be realized through the transparent spring corrugated pipe. When the fertilizing pipe sprays fertilizer, the tower joint, the rubber pipe and the atomizing nozzle are connected through the PPR tee joint for spraying. The fertilizer applying hook device is arranged beside each rubber pipe and used for adjusting the distance and the horizontal height of the rubber pipes, and further the fertilizer applying height and the fertilizer applying distance can be adjusted respectively. The fertilizing tube is provided with a stainless steel tube clamp, the corresponding stainless steel water tube is provided with a stainless steel sleeve, and the pesticide application tube and the fertilizing tube are fixed through the stainless steel tube between the stainless steel tube clamp and the stainless steel sleeve. Therefore, the novel LED lamp is simple and attractive, and is very convenient to disassemble and assemble.
The water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated intelligent control system comprises wireless soil moisture content sensors, a wireless transmission network, an upper computer PC for decision making, an intelligent controller for controlling an electric control execution mechanism, wherein the intelligent controller is a PLC lower computer, the upper computer PC is connected with a wireless serial port transmission station through a serial port, the wireless serial port transmission station is connected with the PLC lower computer through a wireless signal, the PLC lower computer is connected with the electric control execution mechanism, the upper computer PC is connected with a wireless network transmission station through a network cable, the wireless network transmission station is connected with the wireless soil moisture content sensors through a wireless signal, the PLC is powered by a lithium battery, the display of the electric quantity of the PLC is monitored on the computer through the wireless serial port, the wireless soil moisture content sensors are distributed in a soil moisture content dividing unit, and the wireless soil moisture sensors are responsible for collecting the soil moisture content condition of a fertilizing land block and transmitting data to the upper computer in real time, The wireless transmission network is used as an information transmission pipeline, the information transmission capability (transmission rate, anti-interference performance and stability) of the wireless transmission network determines whether the whole control system can work reliably and stably, and the upper computer PC and the PLC lower computer are combined with each other to provide reliable decision execution capability for the whole system.
The electric control actuating mechanism comprises a variable adjusting actuating mechanism, a reeling machine constant-speed recovery control structure, a water pump stopping mechanism and a sensing system, the variable adjusting actuating mechanism comprises a fertilizer liquid pneumatic regulating valve, an acid and alkali liquid pneumatic regulating valve, a dosing metering pump and a water pump flow control valve, and the sensing system comprises an EC/PH sensor and a liquid level sensor.
The upper computer is internally provided with a database, the current condition of the fertilizer requirement or pesticide spraying proportion of the crops is called through the computer database, indexes of fertilizer application and pesticide spraying amount are issued for the intelligent controller, and meanwhile, the fertilizer application amount, the water consumption amount and the pesticide dosage information are counted. A PID system for controlling the variable of fertilizer is composed of EC/PH sensor, intelligent controller and pneumatic regulating valve, and can provide optimal water-fertilizer ratio for crops according to the index provided by computer. When the pesticide needs to be sprayed, under the control of the computer, the volume of water in the tank is calculated according to the sectional area of the water tank and the water level information provided by the liquid level meter, and then the pesticide dosing pump is driven to inject a reasonable amount of pesticide into the tank under the action of the intelligent controller according to the pesticide ratio provided in the database. The method comprises the steps of realizing the grid division of the fertilized soil, initializing the parameters of a spraying frame, starting and stopping the spraying, tracking and recording the fertilization progress, inquiring the soil moisture content value of the unit soil and the like through an upper computer.
The communication between the upper computer and the lower computer is realized through the wireless serial port, the constraint of cables is eliminated, and the matching between the upper computer and the lower computer is more flexible. The upper computer and the lower computer adopt a master-slave communication mode, namely the lower computer works strictly according to the instructions of the computer, the power supply mode of the upper computer adopts a lithium battery for power supply, the display of the electric quantity is monitored on the upper computer through a wireless serial port, and the wireless serial port type outdoor power supply is very suitable for working in the field environment without an alternating current power supply.
The method comprises the following steps: the user logs in to check the network connection condition; if the irrigation system is connected, inputting task information, land information and sprinkler information, then judging a unit land where the sprinkler operates, comparing the soil moisture content of the unit land with a target soil moisture content, setting the speed of the sprinkler to adjust the sprinkling irrigation quantity and remotely starting the sprinkler, simultaneously reading the soil moisture content in real time, observing the soil moisture content of each party, and then reading the state of the sprinkler in real time in the sprinkling irrigation process, limiting the water turbine, driving in-place signals, sprinkling irrigation distance and other parameters; if the connection is not passed, the user identity needs to be acquired again, and the network is kept smooth.
The water pump stopping mechanism comprises a GSM wireless transmission module, a connecting rod structure 41, a travel switch 17 and a water pump controller, wherein the GSM wireless transmission module comprises a GSM transmitting module and a GSM receiving module, the GSM transmitting module is connected with the reel, the GSM receiving module is arranged in a water pump control box, the travel switch 17 is connected with the GSM transmitting module, one end of the connecting rod structure 41 is matched with the travel switch 17, the other end of the connecting rod structure is connected with the swing lifting mechanism 16, the travel switch 17 is connected with the water pump controller through a circuit, the water pump controller controls the action of a start-stop switch of the water pump, or the travel switch is directly connected with the water pump start-stop switch to control the action of the start-stop switch, the GSM module is adopted for wireless transmission, when irrigation is finished, the travel switch is triggered through the connecting rod structure, a signal is output to the GSM transmitting module fixed on the reel, and, then the signal is output to a water pump start-stop switch or a water pump controller (relay) to close the water pump. The water pump controller can also be in signal connection with a mobile phone, and the start and stop of the water pump can be remotely controlled through a mobile phone short message. The water pump control box can be independently arranged near the reeling machine or integrated with the reeling machine
The reeling machine constant-speed recovery control structure comprises an induction wheel 305, a sensor 304, a constant-speed recovery controller, a stepping motor, a speed reducer, a driving gear 301, a sector gear 302, a flowmeter, a battery and a solar power generation system, wherein the sector gear 302 is connected with a water turbine speed regulating shaft 303, the sensor 304 is connected with a support on one side of the water turbine, the induction wheel 305 is connected with a turbine rotating shaft 51 on one side of the water turbine, the stepping motor and the speed reducer are connected with the support, the driving gear is connected with an output shaft 306 of the speed reducer, the driving gear 301 is meshed with the sector gear 302, the constant-speed recovery controller is connected with the support, the sensor, the constant-speed recovery controller and the stepping motor are connected with the battery, the sensor, the constant-speed recovery controller, the stepping motor and the speed reducer are arranged on the support on. The flowmeter is arranged on the water inlet pipeline and used for monitoring the flow entering the water turbine, the speed regulators of the sensor 304, the flowmeter and the stepping motor are connected with the constant-speed recovery controller, and the controller is used for adjusting the flow of water entering the water turbine so as to realize the rotation speed of the reel. The constant-speed recovery controller comprises a control system and an instrument.
The solar power generation system comprises a photovoltaic module 201, a controller and a storage battery pack, wherein the photovoltaic module 201 is connected with the controller, and the controller is connected with the storage battery pack. The photovoltaic module 201 is connected with the vertical supporting column 202, the photovoltaic module 201 is movably connected with the vertical supporting column 202, the vertical supporting column 202 is connected with the bracket 32 on the other side, and the photovoltaic module 201 is connected with the supporting column 202 through a rotating shaft so as to adjust the angle of the solar radiation. The controller and the storage battery pack can be placed on the chassis 3 at a reliable position for convenient placement. The battery of the constant-speed recovery control structure of the reel machine is connected with the storage battery pack of the solar power generation system, or the storage battery pack directly supplies power to the electric appliance of the constant-speed recovery control structure of the reel machine.
All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A high-efficiency water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated sprinkling machine comprises a reel machine, a water-spraying travelling crane and a water delivery pipe, and is characterized by further comprising a water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated intelligent control system, wherein the reel machine comprises a winch, a power transmission mechanism, a chassis, a water turbine mechanism and a pipe arrangement mechanism;
the water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated intelligent control system comprises a wireless soil moisture content sensor, a wireless transmission network, an upper computer for decision making and a lower computer for controlling an electric control execution mechanism, wherein the upper computer is connected with a wireless serial port transmission station through a serial port, the wireless serial port transmission station is connected with the lower computer through a wireless signal, the lower computer is connected with the electric control execution mechanism, the upper computer is connected with the wireless network transmission station through a network cable, the wireless network transmission station is connected with the wireless soil moisture content sensor through a wireless signal, the lower computer is connected with a power supply, the electric quantity of the power supply is displayed and monitored on a computer through the wireless serial port, a plurality of wireless soil moisture content sensors are distributed in a soil division unit, and the wireless soil moisture content sensors are responsible for collecting the soil moisture content of a fertilizing plot, transmitting data to the upper computer in real time and providing basis for;
the electric control actuating mechanism comprises a variable adjusting actuating mechanism, a reel machine constant-speed recovery control structure, a water pump stopping mechanism and a sensing system, the variable adjusting actuating mechanism comprises a fertilizer liquid pneumatic regulating valve, an acid-alkali liquid pneumatic regulating valve, a dosing metering pump and a water pump flow control valve, and the sensing system comprises an EC/PH sensor and a liquid level sensor;
a liquid level collector and a camera are fixed on a frame of the water spraying travelling crane, the liquid level collector and the camera are connected with a controller through wireless transmission, a liquid level sensor is connected with the liquid level collector, an inlet of the liquid level collector is respectively connected with a pesticide applying box and a fertilizer liquid barrel through pipelines, the liquid level collector, the pesticide applying box and the fertilizer liquid barrel are respectively connected to two sides close to the middle position of the frame, and fertilizer liquid, the usage amount of the pesticide liquid and the residual amount information are sent to field ground workers in real time through the liquid level collector and the camera;
the water pump stopping mechanism comprises a GSM wireless transmission module, a connecting rod structure, a travel switch and a water pump controller, wherein the GSM wireless transmission module comprises a GSM transmitting module and a GSM receiving module, the GSM transmitting module is connected with the reel, the GSM receiving module is arranged in a water pump control box, the travel switch is connected with the GSM transmitting module, one end of the connecting rod structure is matched with the travel switch, the other end of the connecting rod structure is connected with the swing lifting mechanism, the travel switch is connected with the water pump controller through a circuit, the water pump controller controls the action of a start-stop switch of the water pump, or the travel switch is directly connected with the water pump start-stop switch to control the action of the start-stop switch, the GSM module is adopted for wireless transmission, when irrigation is finished, the travel switch is triggered through the connecting rod structure, a signal is output to the GSM transmitting module fixed on the reel of the sprinkler, then, a signal is output to a water pump start-stop switch or a water pump controller, the water pump is closed, the water pump controller is also in signal connection with a mobile phone, and the remote control of the start and stop of the water pump is realized through a mobile phone short message; the water pump controller is connected with the lower computer;
the reel machine constant-speed recovery control structure comprises an induction wheel, a sensor, a constant-speed recovery controller, a stepping motor, a speed reducer, a driving gear, a sector gear, a flowmeter, a battery and a solar power generation system, wherein the sector gear is connected with a sprinkler water turbine speed regulation shaft, the sensor is connected with a support on one side of the sprinkler water turbine, the induction wheel is connected with a turbine rotating shaft on one side of the sprinkler water turbine, the stepping motor and the speed reducer are connected with a sprinkler support, the driving gear is connected with an output shaft of the speed reducer, the driving gear is meshed with the sector gear, the constant-speed recovery controller is connected with the sprinkler support, the sensor, the constant-speed recovery controller and the stepping motor are connected with the battery, the sensor, the constant-speed recovery controller, the stepping motor and the speed reducer are arranged on the sprinkler support on one side of the sprinkler water turbine, and the solar power generation system is connected with, the flow meter is arranged on the water inlet pipeline and used for monitoring the flow entering the water turbine, the sensor, the flow meter and the speed regulator of the stepping motor are connected with the constant-speed recovery controller, and the speed of the rotation of the sprinkler reel is realized by adjusting the flow of the water entering the water turbine through the constant-speed recovery controller; the constant-speed recovery controller is connected with the lower computer;
the soil is divided into a plurality of units, each unit is provided with a soil moisture content wireless transmission tester, the soil moisture content of the soil of each unit is tested before sprinkling irrigation, the soil moisture content is compared with a desired target soil moisture content, and the recovery speed of the sprinkling machine on the unit soil is calculated according to a soil moisture content difference value, so that the operation speed of the sprinkling machine can be automatically adjusted according to different soil moisture contents, and variable sprinkling irrigation or fertilization is completed;
the water spraying travelling crane is a multi-nozzle truss vehicle, the multi-nozzle truss vehicle comprises a connected frame, two travelling wheels, travelling wheel supports, a water spraying main pipe, a fertilization main pipe, a pesticide application main pipe, a water spraying nozzle, a fertilization nozzle and a pesticide application nozzle, the water spraying nozzle is connected with the water spraying main pipe through a water spraying branch pipe and a tee joint, the fertilization nozzle is connected with the fertilization main pipe through a fertilization branch pipe and a tee joint, the pesticide application main pipe is connected with a pesticide application box through a pipeline, the pesticide application nozzle is connected with the fertilization main pipe through a pesticide application branch pipe and a tee joint, the water spraying main pipe and the fertilization main pipe are respectively connected with the frame, and the positions of the fertilization nozzle, the water spraying nozzle and the pesticide application nozzle are arranged from front to back, namely the spraying, the spraying and the spraying are carried;
the liquid level collector, the pesticide applying box and the fertilizer liquid barrel are respectively connected to two sides close to the middle position of the rack, the running stability of the rack and the water spraying travelling crane is kept, and the fertilizer liquid, the usage amount of the pesticide liquid and the residual amount information are sent to field ground personnel in real time through the liquid level collector and the camera;
the main water spray pipe comprises a left side water spray pipe and a right side water spray pipe, the left side water spray pipe is connected with a left side water outlet of a four-way connector, the right side water spray pipe is connected with a right side water outlet of the four-way connector, a water delivery pipe water outlet is connected with a lower side water inlet of the four-way connector, the main fertilizer application pipe is connected with a water outlet of a transition pipe, a water inlet of the transition pipe is connected with an upper side water outlet of the four-way connector, a valve is arranged on the transition pipe, a water inlet side of the valve is connected with one end of a first pipeline through a tee joint, a water outlet side of the valve is connected with one end of a second pipeline through a tee joint, the other end of the first pipeline is connected with one end of a water inlet of a proportional fertilizer injection pump, the other end of the second pipeline is connected with a water outlet of the proportional fertilizer injection pump, a, the proportional fertilizer injection pump is fixed on the frame, and the fertilizer liquid barrel is fixed on the frame through a stainless steel binding belt; the walking wheel is connected with the lower part of the walking wheel bracket, the upper part of the walking wheel bracket is connected with the frame, and the position of the walking wheel bracket on the frame can be adjusted.
2. The high-efficiency water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated sprinkler as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fertilization header pipe is made of PPR material, the fertilization header pipe is formed by connecting a plurality of fertilization pipes in series to form an integral structure, quick-change connectors are respectively connected to the ends of adjacent fertilization pipes, and the quick-change connectors of the adjacent fertilization pipes are connected through transparent spring corrugated pipes.
3. The high-efficiency water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated sprinkler as claimed in claim 1, wherein a fertilizer hooking device is arranged beside each fertilizer branch pipe, one end of each fertilizer hooking device is connected with the fertilizer branch pipe, and the other end of each fertilizer hooking device is connected with the fertilizer main pipe; the fertilization hook device is used for adjusting the horizontal spacing and the height of the fertilization branch pipes and respectively adjusting the fertilization height and the spacing; a pesticide applying hook device is arranged beside each pesticide applying branch pipe, one end of the pesticide applying hook device is connected with the pesticide applying branch pipe, and the other end of the pesticide applying hook device is connected with the pesticide applying main pipe; meanwhile, the horizontal distance and the height of the pesticide applying branch pipe are adjusted by the pesticide applying hook device.
4. The high-efficiency water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated sprinkler as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fertilizer distributing branch pipe is provided with a stainless steel pipe clamp, the main water spray pipe is provided with a stainless steel sleeve, and the fertilizer distributing branch pipe is connected with the main water spray pipe through the stainless steel pipe clamp and the stainless steel sleeve in a matching manner; the pesticide application branch pipe is provided with a stainless steel pipe clamp and is connected with the main water spray pipe through the stainless steel pipe clamp and a stainless steel sleeve.
5. The high-efficiency water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated sprinkler according to claim 1, characterized in that a database is arranged in the upper computer, the current crop fertilizer demand or pesticide spraying proportion condition is called through the computer database, indexes of fertilizer application and pesticide spraying amount are issued for the intelligent controller, and meanwhile, information of fertilizer application amount, water consumption amount and pesticide consumption amount is counted; the intelligent fertilizer spraying system comprises an EC/PH sensor, an intelligent controller and a corresponding pneumatic regulating valve, wherein a PID system for controlling the variable quantity of fertilizer is formed by the intelligent controller and the corresponding pneumatic regulating valve, the optimal water-fertilizer ratio is provided for crops according to indexes provided by a computer, when the pesticide is required to be sprayed, the volume of water in a tank is calculated according to the sectional area of a water tank and water level information provided by a liquid level meter under the control of the computer, then the pesticide ratio provided in a database is calculated, a dosing metering pump is driven to inject reasonable amount of pesticide into the tank under the action of the intelligent controller, the grid division of the fertilized soil is realized through an upper computer, the parameters of a spraying frame are initialized, the sprinkling irrigation is started and stopped, the fertilization progress is tracked and recorded, and the soil moisture.
6. The high-efficiency water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated sprinkler as claimed in claim 1, wherein the solar power generation system comprises a photovoltaic module, a controller module and a storage battery pack, the photovoltaic module is connected with the controller module, the controller module is connected with the storage battery pack, the photovoltaic module is connected with a vertical supporting column of the sprinkler, the photovoltaic module is movably connected with the vertical supporting column, the vertical supporting column is connected with a bracket on the other side of the sprinkler, the photovoltaic module is connected with the vertical supporting column through a rotating shaft so as to adjust the angle of solar irradiation, the controller module and the storage battery pack are placed on a chassis of the sprinkler, a battery of a constant-speed recovery control structure of a reel of the sprinkler is connected with the storage battery pack of the solar power generation system, or the storage battery pack directly supplies power to an electric appliance of the constant-speed recovery control structure of the reel of.
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