CN109268909A - Regenerative apparatus with modularization water distributor - Google Patents

Regenerative apparatus with modularization water distributor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109268909A
CN109268909A CN201811197642.XA CN201811197642A CN109268909A CN 109268909 A CN109268909 A CN 109268909A CN 201811197642 A CN201811197642 A CN 201811197642A CN 109268909 A CN109268909 A CN 109268909A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
water distributor
regenerative
distributor
pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811197642.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张谨奕
张玮
王含
韩雨辰
李京浩
白宁
宗军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
State Power Investment Group Science and Technology Research Institute Co Ltd
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State Power Investment Group Science and Technology Research Institute Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by State Power Investment Group Science and Technology Research Institute Co Ltd filed Critical State Power Investment Group Science and Technology Research Institute Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811197642.XA priority Critical patent/CN109268909A/en
Publication of CN109268909A publication Critical patent/CN109268909A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D11/00Central heating systems using heat accumulated in storage masses
    • F24D11/002Central heating systems using heat accumulated in storage masses water heating system
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D3/00Hot-water central heating systems
    • F24D3/10Feed-line arrangements, e.g. providing for heat-accumulator tanks, expansion tanks Hydraulic components of a central heating system
    • F24D3/1058Feed-line arrangements, e.g. providing for heat-accumulator tanks, expansion tanks Hydraulic components of a central heating system disposition of pipes and pipe connections
    • F24D3/1066Distributors for heating liquids
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of regenerative apparatus with modularization water distributor, the regenerative apparatus includes: shell, and the shell limits the accommodating chamber for accommodating heat storage medium;Water distributor, the water distributor is arranged in the accommodating chamber, the water distributor includes deflector and multiple water distributors for being radially spaced setting along the shell, the water distributor is equipped with the open water distributing pore of radial direction towards the shell, the normal of the deflector is in the horizontal direction, and multiple through-holes are equipped with, the deflector is located between two adjacent water distributors, and spaced radially apart with the water distributor.Regenerative apparatus of the invention, by redesigning the direction of water distributing pore and adding deflector, it can be ensured that the flow velocity of uniform, each water distributing pore of water distributor assignment of traffic is consistent, it is ensured that the assignment of traffic of regenerative apparatus water inlet is uniform.

Description

Regenerative apparatus with modularization water distributor
Technical field
The present invention relates to heat-storage technology fields, more particularly, to a kind of regenerative apparatus with modularization water distributor.
Background technique
Water heat-storage technology using water sensible heat store thermal energy, the heat accumulation stage by heat storage in regenerative apparatus, supplying The hot stage discharges heat to heat user, is applicable to the renewable energies such as thermoelectricity flexibility transformation, cogeneration of heat and power, consumption abandonment abandoning light Source, Solar use, industrial exhaust heat such as utilize at the heat reservoirs, have and improve efficiency of energy utilization, balance thermal energy for environment of summing The significance of protection.
Regenerative apparatus generallys use the regenerative apparatus of natural layering in water heat-storage technology, and hot and cold water is due to close in regenerative apparatus Degree is poor rather than effect of inertia generates gravity stream (density current), forms the smaller mesolimnion with thinner thickness of hot and cold water immixture (transition zone between cold fluid and hot fluid), mesolimnion top is hot water, mesolimnion lower part is cold water, by the hot water of natural layering and The upper and lower translation of cold water moves to realize heat accumulation and heat release.When heat accumulation, entered by the hot water that heat source heats by top water distributor Regenerative apparatus, bottom cold water are expelled to heat source heating.When heat release, hot water is expelled to heat user heat supply by top water distributor, heat The return water of the lower temperature of subscriber's outlet enters regenerative apparatus by lower part water distributor.
In order to reduce influence of the water inlet to natural layering in regenerative apparatus, upper and lower part cloth is usually set in regenerative apparatus Hydrophone, it is desirable that water flow flows into water pot with lower and uniform flow velocity, reduces water inlet to water disturbance in regenerative apparatus and to mesolimnion Destruction.
Multi-turn tubular type water distributor in the related technology, firstly, axial water distribution of the water distributor along tank body, the water distribution manner pair The entire intracorporal disturbance of tank is more serious;Secondly, water distributor aperture on water distributor, by each circle water distributor aperture spacing It is unequal to ensure the water distribution area equation of each circle water distributor, to realize that water distributor exports approximate uniform low-speed flow It is dynamic, but the aperture mode will lead to water distributor processing difficulties, it is difficult to realize volume production, outer ring opening spacing is larger, causes cloth The waste of supplying pipe, in outer ring, opening spacing is greater than inner ring, and it is local not to result in the hole exits flow between inner ring and outer ring Uniformly, the density current of upper and lower translation cannot be formed in regenerative apparatus, thermocline thickness thickens, regenerative apparatus efficiency reduces.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed at least solve one of the technical problems existing in the prior art.For this purpose, one object of the present invention It is to propose a kind of regenerative apparatus of influent flow distribution uniformly with modularization water distributor.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention with modularization water distributor, the regenerative apparatus includes: shell, described Shell limits the accommodating chamber for accommodating heat storage medium;Water distributor, the water distributor are arranged in the accommodating chamber, the cloth Hydrophone includes deflector and multiple water distributors for being radially spaced setting along the shell, and the water distributor is equipped with towards the shell The open water distributing pore of the radial direction of body, the normal of the deflector in the horizontal direction, and are equipped with multiple through-holes, and the deflector is located at Between two adjacent water distributors, and it is spaced radially apart with the water distributor.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention can by redesigning the direction of water distributing pore and adding deflector Flow velocity to ensure uniform, each water distributing pore of water distributor assignment of traffic is consistent, it is ensured that the assignment of traffic of regenerative apparatus water inlet is uniform.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention, multiple water distributors of each water distributor are contour to be set Set, the height of the deflector is greater than the height of the water distributor, and the water distributor be located at along the projection of perpendicular it is described Deflector is along the middle part of the projection of perpendicular.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention, each water distributor include at least three spaced radially apart The water distributor being arranged, the deflector are multiple, and described lead is equipped between two water distributors of arbitrary neighborhood Flowing plate.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention, the water distributor are equal towards the radially inner side of the shell and outside Equipped with the water distributing pore.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention, the deflector are annular plate-like, and the deflector is looped around Outside one water distributor.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention, the water distributor be annular, each water distributor it is multiple The water distributor arranged concentric, and the annular size that water distributor described in any two in each water distributor surrounds is not Together.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention, the water distributor are regular polygon.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention, the water distributor are annular, and including multiple water distribution pipes, more A sub- pipe of the water distribution joins end to end, and each sub- pipe of water distribution is equipped with the water distributing pore.
The first end of regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention, the sub- pipe of water distribution is equipped with internal screw thread, the cloth The second end of water pipe is equipped with external screw thread, the first end of the sub- pipe of water distribution and the second of another adjacent sub- pipe of water distribution End is threadedly coupled.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention, the water distributor is regular polygon, on two adjacent sides The water distribution pipe of adjacent two is connected by two-way pipe fitting.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention, the water distributor include isocon, the isocon be used for Extraneous piping connection, the water distributor are connected with the isocon.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention, the water distributor include be arranged in the accommodating chamber top One water distributor and the second water distributor for being arranged in the accommodating chamber bottom end, first water distributor with hot-water line for being connected to, institute The second water distributor is stated for being connected to cold water pipe.
The water distributor of regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention, first water distributor is arranged in first cloth The lower section of the isocon of second water distributor is arranged in the top of the isocon of hydrophone, the water distributor of second water distributor.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention, the shell include: outer heat insulation layer and inner wall layer, the outer guarantor Warm layer is covered in outside the inner wall layer, and the inner wall layer limits accommodating chamber.
Additional aspect and advantage of the invention will be set forth in part in the description, and will partially become from the following description Obviously, or practice through the invention is recognized.
Detailed description of the invention
Above-mentioned and/or additional aspect of the invention and advantage will become from the description of the embodiment in conjunction with the following figures Obviously and it is readily appreciated that, in which:
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the heat-storing device connection according to an embodiment of the present invention in hold over system;
Fig. 2 is axial view of the heat-storing device according to an embodiment of the present invention at water distributor;
Fig. 3 is the partial structural diagram of water distributor according to an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the sub- pipe of water distribution according to an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of deflector according to an embodiment of the present invention;
Appended drawing reference:
Heat source 1, accommodating chamber 2, thermal source outlet valve 3, hot water valve 4, hot-water line 5, the first water distributor 6a, the second water distributor 6b, Inner wall layer 8, outer heat insulation layer 9, cold water pipe 10, cold valves 11, heat accumulation circulating pump 12, heat user 13, heat release circulating pump 14, steam valve 15, safety valve 16, overflow valve 17, blowdown valve 18, isocon 61, water distributor 62, the sub- pipe 63 of water distribution, water distributing pore 631, external screw thread 632, internal screw thread 633, deflector 64, through-hole 641.
Specific embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is described below in detail, examples of the embodiments are shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein from beginning to end Same or similar label indicates same or similar element or element with the same or similar functions.Below with reference to attached The embodiment of figure description is exemplary, and for explaining only the invention, and is not considered as limiting the invention.
Hold over system according to an embodiment of the present invention is described below with reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 5.
As shown in Figure 1, the hold over system of the embodiment of the present invention includes: heat source 1, thermal source outlet valve 3, hot water valve 4, hot-water line 5, cold water pipe 10, cold valves 11, heat accumulation circulating pump 12, heat user 13, heat release circulating pump 14, steam valve 15, safety valve 16, overflow Valve 17, blowdown valve 18, regenerative apparatus.
Wherein, the water outlet of heat source 1 is connected with the first water distributor 6a of regenerative apparatus, and the backwater end of heat source 1 and accumulation of heat fill The the second water distributor 6b set is connected, and the water inlet end of heat user 13 is connected with the water outlet of heat source 1, the water outlet of heat user 13 and heat The backwater end in source 1 is connected.In other words, regenerative apparatus and heat user 13 are connected in parallel between the water outlet and backwater end of heat source 1.First Water distributor 6a is optionally connected with the water outlet of heat source 1, the second water distributor 6b optionally with the backwater end phase of heat source 1 Even, the water inlet end of heat user 13 is optionally connected with the water outlet of heat source 1, the water outlet of heat user 13 optionally with The backwater end of heat source 1 is connected, and the water inlet end of heat user 13 is optionally connected with the first water distributor 6a, the water outlet of heat user 13 End is optionally connected with the second water distributor 6b.
Heat source 1 can heat return water with to water outlet hot-water supply, and heat source 1 is by electric energy, the thermal energy or the sun of power plant steam The thermal energy of water can be converted to.Heat source 1 may include the heating devices such as boiler, solar thermal collector, may also comprise steam-water heat exchange dress It sets, the renewable energy such as light, Solar use can also be abandoned from the paddy electricity of thermoelectricity, cogeneration of heat and power, consumption abandonment, more than industry Heat etc..Heat user 13 can be heating family etc..
In some embodiments, the water outlet of heat source 1 is equipped with thermal source outlet valve 3, and thermal source outlet valve 3 can be motorized adjustment Valve adjusts the hot water total flow exported from heat source 1, and the backwater end of heat source 1 is equipped with heat accumulation circulating pump 12, and heat accumulation circulating pump 12 is used for It pressurizes to return water, regenerative apparatus and heat user 13 are connected in parallel between thermal source outlet valve 3 and heat accumulation circulating pump 12.First water distributor 6a It is connected by hot-water line 5 with thermal source outlet valve 3, hot-water line 5 is equipped with hot water valve 4, and hot water valve 4 is electric control valve, according to being wanted The quantity of heat storage for the regenerative apparatus asked/heat accumulation power adjusts the hot water flow for entering regenerative apparatus.Second water distributor 6b passes through cold water Pipe 10 is connected with the water inlet of heat accumulation circulating pump 12, and cold water pipe 10 is equipped with cold valves 11, and cold valves 11 are electric control valve, according to The demand of amount of stored heat and accumulation of heat power, thermal source outlet valve 3 and hot water valve 4 control hot water flow and liquid level.Storage is full in regenerative apparatus When hot water, liquid level maximum height is no more than limitation.The water outlet of heat user 13 can be equipped with heat release circulating pump 14, and hot water is used through heat After the heat exchange of family, become return water, return water is pressurizeed by heat release circulating pump 14.
Steam valve 15 is set at the top of heat-storing device, and steam valve 15 is used to control into the steam flow and tank of heat-storing device Pressure;Safety valve 16 is set at the top of heat-storing device, and safety valve 16 is more than that limit value is then automatic to atmosphere for pressure in heat-storing device Discharge;Overflow valve 17 is arranged in heat-storing device top, when liquid level is more than limit value then overflow;Blowdown valve 18 is arranged in heat-storing device bottom, For starting blowdown in preceding and operational process.
In the heat accumulation stage of regenerative apparatus, water is heated by heat source 1, flows through hot water pipeline 5, hot water valve 4 and the first water distributor 6a flows into regenerative apparatus 2, and with the inflow of heat accumulation stage hot water, the high-temperature-hot-water area in regenerative apparatus 2 is thickened, mesolimnion is downward Movement, the outflow of 2 bottom cold water of regenerative apparatus flow back to heat source 1 after cold water pipe 10 and heat accumulation circulating pump 12 pressurize and continue to heat.
In the exothermic phase of regenerative apparatus, hot water flows through hot-water line 5 and hot water valve 4 flows into heat user 13, heat user 13 Heat exchanger can be water-water heat exchanger or water-air heat exchanger etc..Hot water becomes return water, return water is by putting after heat user exchanges heat Hot recycle pump 14 pressurizes, and flows into regenerative apparatus 2 through cold water pipe 10, cold valves 11 and the second water distributor 6b, cold valves 11 are adjusted back Water flow.
The regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention with modularization water distributor is described below with reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 5.
As shown in Figure 1, regenerative apparatus includes: shell and water distributor.
Shell limits the accommodating chamber 2 for accommodating heat storage medium, and heat storage medium can be water, and shell may include: outer Insulating layer 9 and inner wall layer 8, outer heat insulation layer 9 are covered in outside inner wall layer 8, and inner wall layer 8 limits accommodating chamber 2, the material of inner wall layer 8 It can be stainless steel;The material of outer heat insulation layer 9 be SC service ceiling temperature be higher than 110 DEG C, thermal coefficient be less than 0.05W/ (mK) and The higher thermal insulation material of thermal stability.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, water distributor is arranged in accommodating chamber 2, and water distributor includes be arranged in 2 top of accommodating chamber One water distributor 6a and the second water distributor 6b for being arranged in 2 bottom end of accommodating chamber, the first water distributor 6a with hot-water line 5 for being connected to, and the Two water distributor 6b with cold water pipe 10 for being connected to.
The regenerative apparatus is the heat-storing device based on natural layering principle, stores hot water in the heat accumulation stage, hot water is logical It crosses the first water distributor of regenerative apparatus 6a and enters regenerative apparatus progress heat accumulation in a manner of density current, hot water region increases in regenerative apparatus Thickness, forms transition zone (mesolimnion) between hot water and cold water and translation, bottom cold water are expelled to by the second water distributor 6b downwards Heat source heating;In exothermic phase, hot water is flowed out by regenerative apparatus the first water distributor 6a, is exchanged heat with heat user, low after heat release Warm return water flows into regenerative apparatus by the second water distributor 6b, and regenerative apparatus inner cold water region thickens, mesolimnion translates up.
Regenerative apparatus passes through hot-water line 5 and the first cloth for storing hot water, the hot water that the heating of heat source 1 generates in the heat accumulation stage Hydrophone 6a enters regenerative apparatus and carries out heat accumulation, and bottom cold water flows out to the heating of heat source 1 by the second water distributor 6b and cold water pipe 10; In exothermic phase, hot water is flowed out by the first water distributor 6a and hot-water line 5, until heat user 13 exchanges heat, the low temperature after heat release Return water flows into regenerative apparatus by cold water pipe 10 and the second water distributor 6b.
Water distributor (the first water distributor 6a and the second water distributor 6b are respectively) includes deflector 64 and multiple water distributors 62, multiple Water distributor 62 along shell the setting that is radially spaced, water distributor 62 be equipped with towards shell the open water distributing pore 631 of radial direction, that is, It says, water distributing pore 631 is horizontal to be opened wide, and in the horizontal direction, deflector 64 is equipped with multiple through-holes 641, deflector to the normal of deflector 64 64 are located between two adjacent water distributors 62, and deflector 64 and water distributor 62 are spaced radially apart.
It is understood that deflector 64 is located at two circle water distributions as shown in figure 5, deflector 64 is the plate body with through-hole 641 Between pipe 62, since deflector 64 and water distributor 62 are spaced radially apart, the water distributing pore 631 of such deflector 64 and water distributor 62 Face setting, the water flow of water flow or sucking that water distributing pore 631 sprays will pass through the water distributing pore 631 of deflector 64, deflector 64 Flow at water distributing pore 631 can be allocated and 631 water flow of water distributing pore is rectified, so that the flow of each circle water distributor 62 It is constant with water distribution area ratio, it is ensured that each 62 assignment of traffic of circle water distributor of the first water distributor 6a and the second water distributor 6b Uniformly, the flow velocity of each water distributing pore 631 is consistent, it is ensured that the assignment of traffic of regenerative apparatus water inlet is uniform.
It should be noted that can prevent from greatly reducing turbulent water since water distributing pore 631 is located at horizontal direction, And deflector 64 is combined, the gap of the cloth water flow between different water distributors 62 can be eliminated.
The water distributor of setting above structure form inside regenerative apparatus, it is ensured that in heat accumulation and exothermic process, Inlet water Assignment of traffic is uniform, flow velocity is uniform and flow velocity is lower, reduces disturbance caused by Inlet water, reduction hot water and cold water and hands over mixed, drop It is low to destroy to thermoclinic, maintain good natural layering in regenerative apparatus.
Regenerative apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, by redesigning the direction of water distributing pore 631 and adding deflector 64, it can be ensured that the flow velocity of uniform, each water distributing pore 631 of 62 assignment of traffic of water distributor is consistent, it is ensured that the stream of regenerative apparatus water inlet It measures evenly distributed.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the height of the high settings such as multiple water distributors 62 of each water distributor, deflector 64 is greater than cloth The height of water pipe 62, and water distributor 62 is located at deflector 64 along the middle part of the projection of perpendicular along the projection of perpendicular.This The stream effect of deflector 64 can be improved in sample.
Water distributor 62 is equipped with water distributing pore 631 towards the radially inner side of shell and outside.Deflector 64 arrives 64 diameter of deflector Inwardly the water distributor 62 in outside all has current balance function.
Each water distributor includes the water distributor 62 of at least three spaced radially apart settings, and deflector 64 is multiple, and is appointed It is equipped with deflector 64 between two water distributors 62 for anticipating adjacent, in each water distributor, the number of deflector 64 is than water distributor 62 Number few 1.In Fig. 1 and embodiment shown in Fig. 2, each water distributor (the first water distributor 6a and the second water distributor 6b) is each From including three water distributors 62, three water distributors 62 are radially spaced apart from inside to outside divides distribution, i.e., the second 62 sets of water distributor of circle It is located at outside first lap water distributor 62, third circle water distributor 62 is set in outside the second circle water distributor 62, the second circle water distributor 62 and the It is equipped with a deflector 64 between one circle water distributor 62, is equipped with another between third circle water distributor 62 and the second circle water distributor 62 Deflector 64.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, water distributor includes isocon 61, and isocon 61 is used for and extraneous piping connection, water distributor 62 It is connected with isocon 61.Water distributor includes being arranged in the first water distributor 6a on 2 top of accommodating chamber and being arranged in 2 bottom end of accommodating chamber Second water distributor 6b, the first water distributor 6a with hot-water line 5 for being connected to, and the second water distributor 6b with cold water pipe 10 for being connected to.The The top of the isocon 61 of the first water distributor 6a, the water distributor 62 of the second water distributor 6b is arranged in the water distributor 62 of one water distributor 6a The lower section of the isocon 61 of second water distributor 6b is set.Water distribution can be reduced so in the process on thermoclinic influence.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 5, deflector 64 is annular plate-like, and deflector 64 is looped around outside a water distributor 62.Each lead Through-hole 641 in flowing plate 64 can be distributed at dot matrix type or the dot matrix type being staggered.Through-hole 641 can be circle.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, water distributor 62 is annular, and annular includes circular ring shape and polygon annular.Each water distributor Multiple 62 arranged concentrics of water distributor, and any two water distributor 62 in each water distributor surround annular it is of different sizes.Cloth Water pipe 62 can be regular polygon, and in the embodiment shown in Figure 2, water distributor 62 can be octagon, and polygon ring is convenient for Assembly.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, water distributor 62 is annular, and water distributor 62 includes the sub- pipe 63 of multiple water distributions, multiple water distribution Pipe 63 joins end to end, and each sub- pipe 63 of water distribution is equipped with water distributing pore 631.It is understood that the structure of each sub- pipe 63 of water distribution Can be identical, modularization making, shape, size and the distribution mode of the water distributing pore 631 on each sub- pipe 63 of water distribution is achieved Also identical, due to devising deflector 64, it is still able to achieve the water distribution area equation of each circle water distributor 62, to realize water distribution Device exports approximate uniform low speeds flow, and this modular structure is convenient for volume production processing.On the other hand, the water distribution of outer ring The densely distributed degree of the water distributing pore 631 of pipe 62 is identical as inner ring, and the water distribution of water distributor 62 is more efficient.
As shown in figure 4, the first end of the sub- pipe 63 of water distribution is equipped with internal screw thread 633, the second end of the sub- pipe 63 of water distribution is equipped with outer spiral shell The first end of line 632, the sub- pipe 63 of water distribution is threadedly coupled with the second end of the sub- pipe 63 of another adjacent water distribution.When water distributor 62 is Regular polygon, the sub- pipe 63 of adjacent two water distribution on two adjacent sides are connected by two-way pipe fitting.
Above-mentioned water distributor includes modularization water distributor 62 and flow distribution structure composition.Specifically, water distributor includes multi-turn Octagon water distributor 62, water inlet enter in each circle water distributor 62 after the shunting of isocon 61, and each circle water distributor 62 includes 8 Side, each edge include the n sub- pipes 63 of (n > 1) independent water distribution.The internal diameter and equal length of each sub- pipe 63 of water distribution, are designed thereon Equal (m > 1) water distributing pore 631 of m shape and size, using being welded and fixed again after being threadedly coupled between the sub- pipe 63 of water distribution.The mould The water distributor of block water distributor 62 ensures that the flow velocity in each aperture of water distributor is consistent, the flow velocity of any local location of water distributor is equal Even and process for machining and manufacturing standardization.
In a specific embodiment of the invention, the first water distributor 6a and the second water distributor 6b include three circles, eight side The water distributor 62 of shape.Hot-water line 5 connects the isocon 61 of the first water distributor 6a, shunts through the isocon 61, and water enters each circle In water distributor 62, each circle water distributor 62 includes 8 sides, and table 1 shows the number and parameter of each components of water distributor.
The each edge of first lap water distributor 62 includes the sub- pipe 63 of 6 water distributions, i.e., first lap water distributor 62 includes 48 independences The sub- pipe 63 of water distribution;The each edge of second circle water distributor 62 includes the sub- pipe 63 of 9 water distributions, i.e., the second circle water distributor 62 includes 72 The independent sub- pipe 63 of water distribution;The each edge of third circle water distributor 62 includes the sub- pipe 63 of 13 water distributions, i.e. third circle water distributor 62 wraps Include 104 independent sub- pipes 63 of water distribution.
The internal diameter and equal length of each sub- pipe 63 of water distribution, internal diameter 0.63m, length 1m.It is opened among the sub- pipe 63 of water distribution 10 equal sized water distributing pores 631.Using being welded and fixed again after being threadedly coupled between the sub- pipe 63 of water distribution, the of the sub- pipe 63 of water distribution There is external screw thread 632 in one end, and second end has internal screw thread 633, and the thread forms of each sub- pipe 63 of water distribution are consistent with size.Second water distribution Device 6b is consistent with the first water distributor 6a shape.The above parameter is only used as example.
The major parameter of 1 regenerative apparatus of table
Principal parameter Unit Numerical value
Regenerative apparatus volume m3 10000
Water distribution pipeloop number Circle 3
First lap water distributor radius m 3.75
Second circle water distributor radius m 5.62
Third circle water distributor radius m 8.38
The bore of water distributor m 0.63
The bore of the sub- pipe of water distribution m 0.63
Water distribution pipe m 1
The sub- pipe of water distribution opens water distribution hole number It is a 10
The quantity of the sub- pipe of the water distribution of first lap water distributor It is a 48
The quantity of the sub- pipe of water distribution of second circle water distributor It is a 72
The quantity of the sub- pipe of water distribution of third circle water distributor It is a 104
The quantity of the sub- pipe of the water distribution of water distributor It is a 224
First lap water conservancy diversion board diameter m 9.18
Second circle water conservancy diversion board diameter m 11.24
The diameter of deflector 64 between first lap water distributor 62 and the second circle water distributor 62 is 9.18m, the second circle water distribution 64 diameter of deflector between pipe 62 and third circle water distributor 62 is 11.24m, is annular oriffice, and deflector 64 is used for every circle Go out the assignment of traffic again of saliva between branch pipe and saliva rectification is gone out to water distributor 62, so that the water distributor flow of each circle branch pipe It is constant with water distribution area ratio, it is ensured that each 62 assignment of traffic of circle water distributor of the first water distributor 6a and the second water distributor 6b Uniformly, the flow velocity of each water distributing pore 631 is consistent.The above parameter is only used as example.
Thermal source outlet valve 3 is electric control valve, adjusts the hot water total flow exported from heat source 1.
Hot water valve 4 is electric control valve, according to the quantity of heat storage of required regenerative apparatus/heat accumulation power, adjusts and enters storage The hot water flow of thermal.According to the demand of amount of stored heat and accumulation of heat power, thermal source outlet valve 3 and hot water valve 4 control hot water flow And liquid level.When storing up full hot water in regenerative apparatus, liquid level maximum height is no more than limitation.
2 wall surface of regenerative apparatus is 8, and 8 material of wall surface is stainless steel;External 99 materials'use ceiling temperature of outer heat insulation layer is higher than 110 DEG C, thermal coefficient is less than 0.05W/ (mK), and hard polyurethane foams, rubber and plastic insulation board, rock wool or other materials can be used.
Steam valve 15 is set at the top of regenerative apparatus 2, and control enters the steam flow and pressure inside the tank of regenerative apparatus;Accumulation of heat dress Safety valve 16 is arranged in top set portion, and pressure is more than limit value then to atmosphere automatic-discharging in regenerative apparatus;Overflow valve 17 is set, liquid level is worked as More than limit value then overflow;Blowdown valve 18 is arranged in regenerative apparatus bottom, for starting blowdown in preceding and operational process.
The regenerative apparatus of above-described embodiment, water distributor use modular construction, it is ensured that each aperture of water distributor Flow velocity is consistent, the flow velocity of any local location of water distributor is uniform;Deflector 64 is provided in regenerative apparatus, it is ensured that regenerative apparatus into The whole flow of saliva is evenly distributed, and the cloth water flow and water distribution area ratio of each circle water distributor 62 are constant;Water distributor mould Blocking structure can standardized designs and manufacture, realize volume production, it is easy for installation, reduce costs;Regenerative apparatus is situated between based on heat accumulation Matter natural layering principle design, using modular construction octagonal water distributor and and flow distribution structure, it is ensured that feed water flow Slow, assignment of traffic the uniformity of speed reduces regenerative apparatus water inlet disturbance, hot and cold water is inhibited to mix, and meets accumulation of heat dress It sets the design criteria of natural layering, improve regenerative apparatus efficiency, provide one kind and be generally applicable to cogeneration of heat and power, thermoelectricity tune Peak, paddy electricity by etc. space-heating systems energy-efficient heat accumulation in the way of;The device be not necessarily to active equipment, stable and reliable operation, Reduce follow-up maintenance cost.
In conclusion the regenerative apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention is designed based on heat-storage medium natural layering principle, using module Change structure octagonal water distributor and and flow distribution structure, it is ensured that flow velocity is slow for water inlet, assignment of traffic uniformly, reduce storage Thermal water inlet disturbance inhibits hot and cold water to mix, and meets the design criteria of regenerative apparatus natural layering, improves regenerative apparatus Efficiency, provide it is a kind of be generally applicable to cogeneration of heat and power, the energy-efficient storage for the space-heating systems such as thermoelectricity peak regulation, paddy electricity utilize Hot mode.
In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " illustrative examples ", The description of " example ", " specific example " or " some examples " etc. means specific features described in conjunction with this embodiment or example, knot Structure, material or feature are included at least one embodiment or example of the invention.In the present specification, to above-mentioned term Schematic representation may not refer to the same embodiment or example.Moreover, specific features, structure, material or the spy of description Point can be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more of the embodiments or examples.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: not A variety of change, modification, replacement and modification can be carried out to these embodiments in the case where being detached from the principle of the present invention and objective, this The range of invention is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (14)

1. a kind of regenerative apparatus with modularization water distributor, which is characterized in that the regenerative apparatus includes:
Shell, the shell limit the accommodating chamber for accommodating heat storage medium;
Water distributor, the water distributor are arranged in the accommodating chamber, and the water distributor includes deflector and multiple along the shell The water distributor for being radially spaced setting, the water distributor be equipped with towards the shell the open water distributing pore of radial direction, the water conservancy diversion The normal of plate in the horizontal direction, and is equipped with multiple through-holes, and the deflector is located between two adjacent water distributors, and with The water distributor is spaced radially apart.
2. the regenerative apparatus according to claim 1 with modularization water distributor, which is characterized in that each water distributor The high settings such as multiple water distributors, the height of the deflector is greater than the height of the water distributor, and the water distributor is along perpendicular The projection of straight plane is located at the deflector along the middle part of the projection of perpendicular.
3. the regenerative apparatus according to claim 1 with modularization water distributor, which is characterized in that each water distributor packet The cloth Shui pipe of at least three spaced radially apart settings is included, the deflector is multiple, and described in two of arbitrary neighborhood The deflector is equipped between water distributor.
4. the regenerative apparatus according to claim 1 with modularization water distributor, which is characterized in that the water distributor is towards described The radially inner side of shell and outside are equipped with the water distributing pore.
5. the regenerative apparatus with modularization water distributor described in any one of -4 according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to lead Flowing plate is annular plate-like, and the deflector is looped around outside the water distributor.
6. the regenerative apparatus according to claim 5 with modularization water distributor, which is characterized in that the water distributor is ring Shape, multiple water distributor arranged concentrics of each water distributor, and cloth described in any two in each water distributor Water pipe surround annular it is of different sizes.
7. the regenerative apparatus according to claim 6 with modularization water distributor, which is characterized in that the water distributor is positive more Side shape.
8. the regenerative apparatus with modularization water distributor described in any one of -4 according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cloth Water pipe is annular, and including multiple water distribution pipes, multiple sub- pipes of water distribution join end to end, and each sub- pipe of water distribution is equipped with The water distributing pore.
9. the regenerative apparatus according to claim 8 with modularization water distributor, which is characterized in that the of the sub- pipe of water distribution One end is equipped with internal screw thread, and the second end of the sub- pipe of water distribution is equipped with external screw thread, the first end of the sub- pipe of water distribution with it is adjacent another The second end of one sub- pipe of water distribution is threadedly coupled.
10. the regenerative apparatus according to claim 9 with modularization water distributor, which is characterized in that the water distributor is positive Polygon, the adjacent two water distribution pipe on two adjacent sides are connected by two-way pipe fitting.
11. the regenerative apparatus with modularization water distributor described in any one of -4 according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described Water distributor includes isocon, and the isocon is used to be connected with extraneous piping connection, the water distributor with the isocon.
12. the regenerative apparatus according to claim 11 with modularization water distributor, which is characterized in that the water distributor includes The first water distributor for being arranged in the accommodating chamber top and the second water distributor for being arranged in the accommodating chamber bottom end, first cloth Hydrophone with hot-water line for being connected to, and second water distributor with cold water pipe for being connected to.
13. the regenerative apparatus according to claim 12 with modularization water distributor, which is characterized in that first water distributor Water distributor be arranged in first water distributor isocon top, the water distributor setting of second water distributor is described the The lower section of the isocon of two water distributors.
14. the regenerative apparatus with modularization water distributor described in any one of -4 according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described Shell includes: outer heat insulation layer and inner wall layer, and the outer heat insulation layer is covered in outside the inner wall layer, and the inner wall layer limits receiving Chamber.
CN201811197642.XA 2018-10-15 2018-10-15 Regenerative apparatus with modularization water distributor Pending CN109268909A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111207511A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-05-29 河北建筑工程学院 Efficient heat exchange method for fan-free solid heat storage electric boiler
CN112146498A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-12-29 国家电投集团科学技术研究院有限公司 Thermocline control enhanced heat storage device and control method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111207511A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-05-29 河北建筑工程学院 Efficient heat exchange method for fan-free solid heat storage electric boiler
CN112146498A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-12-29 国家电投集团科学技术研究院有限公司 Thermocline control enhanced heat storage device and control method thereof

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