CN109268198A - It is a kind of to improve the wind energy of energy conversion rate, ocean energy composite generating set - Google Patents

It is a kind of to improve the wind energy of energy conversion rate, ocean energy composite generating set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109268198A
CN109268198A CN201811104445.9A CN201811104445A CN109268198A CN 109268198 A CN109268198 A CN 109268198A CN 201811104445 A CN201811104445 A CN 201811104445A CN 109268198 A CN109268198 A CN 109268198A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
energy
energy generating
support frame
wave
tidal current
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811104445.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄兴
李达
袁成建
赖福梁
吕浩
吴海涛
王磊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fujian Xinneng Offshore Wind Power R & D Center Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Fujian Xinneng Offshore Wind Power R & D Center Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fujian Xinneng Offshore Wind Power R & D Center Co Ltd filed Critical Fujian Xinneng Offshore Wind Power R & D Center Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811104445.9A priority Critical patent/CN109268198A/en
Priority to CN201611051920.1A priority patent/CN106368891B/en
Publication of CN109268198A publication Critical patent/CN109268198A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/26Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using tide energy
    • F03B13/264Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using tide energy using the horizontal flow of water resulting from tide movement
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/14Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/14Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy
    • F03B13/16Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy using the relative movement between a wave-operated member, i.e. a "wom" and another member, i.e. a reaction member or "rem"
    • F03B13/18Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy using the relative movement between a wave-operated member, i.e. a "wom" and another member, i.e. a reaction member or "rem" where the other member, i.e. rem is fixed, at least at one point, with respect to the sea bed or shore
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B3/00Machines or engines of reaction type; Parts or details peculiar thereto
    • F03B3/12Blades; Blade-carrying rotors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D13/00Assembly, mounting or commissioning of wind motors; Arrangements specially adapted for transporting wind motor components
    • F03D13/20Arrangements for mounting or supporting wind motors; Masts or towers for wind motors
    • F03D13/25Arrangements for mounting or supporting wind motors; Masts or towers for wind motors specially adapted for offshore installation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/008Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with water energy converters, e.g. a water turbine
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/20Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus
    • F03D9/25Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus the apparatus being an electrical generator
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2220/00Application
    • F05B2220/70Application in combination with
    • F05B2220/706Application in combination with an electrical generator
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/727Offshore wind turbines

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of wind energies, ocean energy composite generating set, including tidal current energy generating equipment and wave energy generating set;The tidal current energy generating equipment is arranged in b.s.l.;The tidal current energy generating equipment includes turbine and rigid cage;The turbine includes the impeller horizontally rotated, and the impeller is equipped with through-hole;The rigid cage is equipped with vertical pivot;The impeller is set on the vertical pivot by the through-hole;The wave energy generating set includes oscillatory type float, and the oscillatory type float is connect with the top of the vertical pivot;The oscillatory type float is located on sea level.Wave energy and marine tidal-current energy can be converted to the kinetic energy of vertical pivot by the way that impeller and oscillatory type float to be co-located on same vertical pivot by the present invention, while increase power suffered by impeller and oscillatory type float, improve energy transformation ratio.

Description

It is a kind of to improve the wind energy of energy conversion rate, ocean energy composite generating set
This case is with the applying date on November 25th, 2016, application No. is 201611051920.1, a kind of entitled " wind The divisional application that the patent of invention of energy, ocean energy composite generating set " carries out for female case.
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of utilization of ocean energy, in particular to a kind of wind energy, ocean energy composite generating set.
Background technique
With the consumption of the non-renewable energy resources such as petroleum, coal, people gradually consider how to make full use of the deepwater energy, And deepwater wind energy, marine tidal-current energy, wave energy belong to inexhaustible renewable resource, and belong to free of contamination green energy Source.The marine technology to be generated electricity using wind-force is mature, still, compared to Oversea wind power generation, wave energy generating set Lower with the energy transformation ratio of tidal generating set, unit cost of electricity-generating is higher, limits making full use of for the two to a certain degree. Therefore how to make full use of wind energy, marine tidal-current energy and wave energy three, and generated electricity using same device, it is to grind always in recent years The project studied carefully.
Application No. is 201410206109.0 Chinese invention patents to disclose wind energy-wave energy-based on single pile platform Marine tidal-current energy integrates electrification structure, including single pile platform wind power generation structure, wave energy generating set and tidal current energy generating equipment, single Stake platform wind power generation structure includes wind energy conversion system, pylon structure, single pile support construction and mating electrical power transmission system, wave energy hair Denso is set at the pylon structure water surface, and tidal current energy generating equipment is set in underwater single pile support construction.The invention is using single Stake platform structure convenient construction, construction cost are low, applied widely;Wind-power electricity generation, wave-activated power generation and tidal power generating share single pile Support construction and electrical power transmission system can effectively reduce unit cost of electricity-generating.But the invention has the following disadvantages, marine tidal-current energy power generation Device and wave energy generating set are separately provided, and the power that impeller and oscillatory type float are subject in power generation process is smaller, energy Transfer efficiency is not high.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the present invention are: provide a kind of wind energy, ocean energy composite generating set, by by leaf Wheel and oscillatory type float are co-located on same vertical pivot, wave energy and marine tidal-current energy can be converted to the kinetic energy of vertical pivot, simultaneously Power suffered by impeller and oscillatory type float is increased, energy transformation ratio is improved.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the present invention are as follows:
A kind of wind energy, ocean energy composite generating set, including tidal current energy generating equipment and wave energy generating set;
The tidal current energy generating equipment is arranged in b.s.l.;The tidal current energy generating equipment includes turbine and rigidity Support frame;
The turbine includes the impeller horizontally rotated, and the impeller is equipped with through-hole;The rigid cage is equipped with Vertical pivot;The impeller is set on the vertical pivot by the through-hole;
The wave energy generating set includes oscillatory type float, and the oscillatory type float is connect with the top of the vertical pivot; The oscillatory type float is located on sea level.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
It is different from the prior art, tidal current energy generating equipment and wave energy generating set is separately provided, conversion process of energy The power that middle impeller and oscillatory type float are subject to is smaller;Heretofore described turbine includes the impeller horizontally rotated, the leaf Wheel is equipped with through-hole, and the impeller is set on the vertical pivot by the through-hole;The wave energy generating set includes oscillation Formula float, the oscillatory type float are connect with the top of the vertical pivot;The oscillatory type float is located on sea level;By by leaf Wheel and oscillatory type float are co-located on same vertical pivot, wave energy and marine tidal-current energy can be converted to the kinetic energy of vertical pivot, simultaneously Power suffered by impeller and oscillatory type float is increased, energy transformation ratio is improved.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of a kind of wind energy of the embodiment of the present invention, ocean energy composite generating set;
Fig. 2 is a kind of wind energy, the overlooking structure diagram of ocean energy composite generating set of the embodiment of the present invention.
Label declaration:
1, tidal current energy generating equipment;2, wave energy generating set;3, turbine;4, rigid cage;
5, impeller;6, vertical pivot;7, oscillatory type float;8, spud pile;9, slideway;10, electric storage means;11, vertical bar;12, first Support frame;13, the second support frame;14, filter;15, outline border;
16, the first transverse support bar.
Specific embodiment
To explain the technical content, the achieved purpose and the effect of the present invention in detail, below in conjunction with embodiment and cooperate attached Figure is explained.
The most critical design of the present invention is: by the way that impeller and oscillatory type float to be co-located on same vertical pivot, energy The enough kinetic energy that wave energy and marine tidal-current energy are converted to vertical pivot, while power suffered by impeller and oscillatory type float is increased, it mentions High energy transformation ratio.
The working principle of the invention: when sea level rise or decline, pass through the rigid cage and the fixation Stake is slidably connected, and by the lifting device in the rigid cage, can adjust depth of the tidal current energy generating equipment from sea level Degree, while it is located at the oscillatory type float of wave energy generating set on sea level;Impeller and oscillatory type float are co-located on together On one vertical pivot, wave energy and marine tidal-current energy can be converted to the kinetic energy of vertical pivot simultaneously, to generate electricity;In first support Frame is equipped with filter, can filter out the wave on sea, reduces influence of the wave to tidal current energy generating equipment;The electric power storage Device is connect with the lifting device;The electric storage means is connect with the tidal current energy generating equipment;The electric storage means and the wave Energy power generator connection, can store the electric energy that tidal current energy generating equipment and wave energy generating set generate, mention for lifting device For required electric energy.
Referring to Fig.1 and 2, a kind of wind energy provided by the invention, ocean energy composite generating set, including marine tidal-current energy power generation Device 1 and wave energy generating set 2;
The tidal current energy generating equipment 1 is arranged in b.s.l.;The tidal current energy generating equipment 1 includes 3 He of turbine Rigid cage 4;
The turbine 3 includes the impeller 5 horizontally rotated, and the impeller 5 is equipped with through-hole;In the rigid cage 4 Equipped with vertical pivot 6;The impeller 5 is set on the vertical pivot 6 by the through-hole;
The wave energy generating set 2 includes oscillatory type float 7, and the top of the oscillatory type float 7 and the vertical pivot 6 connects It connects;The oscillatory type float 7 is located on sea level.
As can be seen from the above description, the turbine includes the impeller horizontally rotated, the impeller is equipped with through-hole, the leaf Wheel is set on the vertical pivot by the through-hole;The wave energy generating set includes oscillatory type float, and the oscillatory type is floating The sub top with the vertical pivot is connect;The oscillatory type float is located on sea level;By the way that impeller and oscillatory type float is common It is arranged on same vertical pivot, wave energy and marine tidal-current energy can be converted to the kinetic energy of vertical pivot, while increasing impeller and oscillatory type Power suffered by float, improves energy transformation ratio.
Further, a kind of wind energy, ocean energy composite generating set further include spud pile 8 and wind power generation plant, described 8 outer surface of spud pile is equipped with slideway 9;Electrical power transmission system is equipped in the spud pile 8;The rigid cage 4 and the cunning Road 9 is slidably connected;The slideway 9 is fixed, and the rigid cage 4 glides on slideway 9 with the lifting on sea level It is dynamic;The electrical power transmission system is connect with the wind power generation plant;The electrical power transmission system and marine tidal-current energy power generation fill Set 1 connection;The electrical power transmission system is connect with the wave energy generating set 2.
As can be seen from the above description, passing through the rigid cage and the spud pile when sea level rise or decline It is slidably connected, depth of the tidal current energy generating equipment from sea level can be adjusted, while keeping the oscillatory type of wave energy generating set floating Son is located on sea level, keeps tidal current energy generating equipment and wave energy generating set in optimal working condition;By by wind-force Power generator, tidal current energy generating equipment and wave energy generating set transmit electric energy by common electrical power transmission system, can be effective Unit cost of electricity-generating is reduced, capacity usage ratio, efficiency of transmission are improved.
Further, the tidal current energy generating equipment 1 includes the first tidal current energy generating equipment and the second marine tidal-current energy power generation dress It sets;First tidal current energy generating equipment and second tidal current energy generating equipment are symmetrical arranged about the spud pile 8;It is described Wave energy generating set 2 includes the first wave energy apparatus and the second wave energy generating set;First wave energy apparatus and institute The second wave energy generating set is stated to be symmetrical arranged about spud pile 8.
As can be seen from the above description, being symmetrical arranged and wave-energy power generation dress by tidal current energy generating equipment about the spud pile It sets and is symmetrical arranged about the spud pile, eliminate incoming flow inhomogeneities to greatest extent and marine tidal-current energy, wave energy generating set are sent out The influence of electrical efficiency.
Further, lifting device is equipped in the rigid cage 4;The rigid cage 4 is filled by the lifting It sets and is slided up and down along 9 surface of slideway.
As can be seen from the above description, the rigid cage is slidably connected with the spud pile, pass through the rigid cage The lifting device being inside equipped with can adjust depth of the tidal current energy generating equipment from sea level, while make wave energy generating set Oscillatory type float is located on sea level, and tidal current energy generating equipment and wave energy generating set is made to be in optimum Working.
Further, a kind of wind energy, ocean energy composite generating set further include electric storage means 10, the electric storage means 10 with it is described Lifting device connection;The electric storage means 10 is connect with the tidal current energy generating equipment 1;The electric storage means 10 is sent out with the wave energy Electric installation 2 connects.
As can be seen from the above description, the electric storage means is connect with the tidal current energy generating equipment;The electric storage means and the wave Wave energy generating set connection can store the electric energy that tidal current energy generating equipment and wave energy generating set generate, and be lifting device Electric energy needed for providing;So that tidal current energy generating equipment and wave energy generating set is constantly in optimum Working, improves The survival ability of wave energy generating set and tidal current energy generating equipment.
Further, the rigid cage 4 includes vertical bar 11, the first support frame 12 and the second support frame 13;It is described perpendicular One end of bar 11 is vertical with first support frame 12 to be connect;The other end of the vertical bar 11 is vertical with second support frame 13 Connection;For first support frame 12 on second support frame 13, first support frame 12 is equipped with filter 14, The filter 14 covers first support frame 12.
As can be seen from the above description, covering first support frame by the filter, wave of the sea pair can be reduced The influence of impeller in tidal current energy generating equipment;It is connect by the way that described vertical bar one end is vertical with first support frame, the vertical bar The other end it is vertical with second support frame connect, increase the intensity of the rigid cage.
Further, first support frame 12 includes outline border 15 and the first transverse support bar 16;The outline border 15 is positive Polygon or round;One end of first transverse support bar 16 is connect with the outline border 15, first transverse support bar 16 The other end be slidably connected with the slideway 9;Second support frame 13 is identical as 12 size and shape of the first support frame.
The polygon or round as can be seen from the above description, outline border is positive facilitates tidal current energy generating equipment and wave energy to send out Electric installation is arranged symmetrically about spud pile;It is connect, can be increased with the outline border by one end of first transverse support bar The intensity of first support frame avoids first support frame when sliding up and down along spud pile, by excessive pressure And it is deformed.
Further, a kind of wind energy, ocean energy composite generating set further include wind power generation plant, the wind-power electricity generation dress It sets and is fixed on 8 top of spud pile.
As can be seen from the above description, wind power generation plant is arranged by spud pile top, electric energy can be converted wind energy into, is mentioned The high utilization of marine energy sources.
Further, cavity is equipped with inside the oscillatory type float 7.
As can be seen from the above description, being equipped with cavity inside the oscillatory type float, the oscillatory type float is capable of increasing in sea Buoyancy in plane reduces influence of the oscillatory type float self gravity to wave energy generating set.
Further, the rigid cage 4 is equipped with rolling bearing, and the vertical pivot 6 is mounted in the rolling bearing.
As can be seen from the above description, being mounted in the rolling bearing by the vertical pivot, vertical pivot rotary course can be reduced Encountered in resistance, improve energy conversion rate.
Please refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 2, the embodiment of the present invention one are as follows:
A kind of wind energy of the invention, ocean energy composite generating set, including tidal current energy generating equipment 1, wave-energy power generation dress Set 2, spud pile 8 and electric storage means 10;
The tidal current energy generating equipment 1 includes the first tidal current energy generating equipment and the second tidal current energy generating equipment;Described One tidal current energy generating equipment and second tidal current energy generating equipment are symmetrical arranged about the spud pile 8;The wave energy hair Electric installation 2 includes the first wave energy apparatus and the second wave energy generating set;First wave energy apparatus and second wave Wave energy generating set is symmetrical arranged about spud pile 8;The tidal current energy generating equipment 1 includes turbine 3 and rigid cage 4; The turbine 3 includes the impeller 5 horizontally rotated, and the impeller 5 is equipped with through-hole;The rigid cage 4 is equipped with vertical pivot 6;The impeller 5 is set on the vertical pivot 6 by the through-hole;The wave energy generating set 2 includes oscillatory type float 7, The oscillatory type float 7 is connect with the top of the vertical pivot 6;The oscillatory type float 7 is located on sea level;The oscillatory type is floating 7 inside of son is equipped with cavity;8 outer surface of spud pile is equipped with slideway 9;Electrical power transmission system is equipped in the spud pile 8;It is described Rigid cage 4 is slidably connected with the slideway 9;The slideway 9 is fixed, and the rigid cage 4 is with sea level Lifting is slided up and down along slideway 9;The electrical power transmission system is connect with the wind power generation plant;The electrical power transmission system It is connect with the tidal current energy generating equipment 1;The electrical power transmission system is connect with the wave energy generating set 2.The rigidity Lifting device is equipped in support frame 4;The rigid cage 4 is slided up and down by the lifting device along 9 surface of slideway;Institute Electric storage means 10 is stated to connect with the lifting device;The electric storage means 10 is connect with the tidal current energy generating equipment 1;The electric storage means 10 connect with the wave energy generating set 2;The rigid cage 4 includes vertical bar 11, the first support frame 12 and the second support Frame 13;One end of the vertical bar 11 is vertical with first support frame 12 to be connect;The other end of the vertical bar 11 and described second Support frame 13 vertically connects;First support frame 12 is set on first support frame 12 on second support frame 13 There is filter 14, the filter 14 covers first support frame 12;First support frame 12 includes 15 He of outline border First transverse support bar 16;The outline border 15 is positive polygon or round;One end of first transverse support bar 16 with it is described Outline border 15 connects, and the other end of first transverse support bar 16 is slidably connected with the slideway 9;Second support frame 13 with First support frame, 12 size and shape is identical.
From the embodiment of the present invention one it is found that the tidal current energy generating equipment includes turbine, the turbine includes water The dynamic impeller of flat turn;The impeller is mounted on the vertical pivot, and marine tidal-current energy can be converted to the dynamic of horizontal rotation by the impeller Energy;First support frame is equipped with filter, and the filter can reduce influence of the wave of the sea to marine tidal-current energy, from And reduce influence of the impeller rotary course by wave stroke;By the lifting device, tidal current energy generating equipment can be adjusted Depth from sea level, is at optimum Working, can reduce influence of the wave on sea level to impeller;Energy simultaneously It is in the oscillatory type float on extra large platform, wave energy apparatus is made to be in optimum Working.
The embodiment of the present invention two are as follows:
A kind of wind energy provided by the invention, ocean energy composite generating set, including tidal current energy generating equipment 1, wave energy hair Electric installation 2, wind power generation plant, spud pile 8 and electric storage means 10;
The tidal current energy generating equipment 1 is arranged in b.s.l.;The tidal current energy generating equipment 1 includes 3 He of turbine Rigid cage 4;The turbine 3 includes the impeller 5 horizontally rotated, and the impeller 5 is equipped with through-hole;The rigid cage 4 are equipped with vertical pivot 6;The rigid cage 4 is equipped with rolling bearing, and the vertical pivot 6 is mounted in the rolling bearing;The leaf Wheel 5 is set on the vertical pivot 6 by the through-hole;The wave energy generating set 2 includes oscillatory type float 7, the oscillation Formula float 7 is connect with the top of the vertical pivot 6;The oscillatory type float 7 is located on sea level;Inside the oscillatory type float 7 Equipped with cavity;The tidal current energy generating equipment 1 includes the first tidal current energy generating equipment and the second tidal current energy generating equipment;Described One tidal current energy generating equipment and second tidal current energy generating equipment are symmetrical arranged about the spud pile 8;The wave energy hair Electric installation 2 includes the first wave energy apparatus and the second wave energy generating set;First wave energy apparatus and second wave Wave energy generating set is symmetrical arranged about spud pile 8;The wind power generation plant is fixed on 8 top of spud pile;It is described solid 8 outer surface of stake is determined equipped with slideway 9;The rigid cage 4 is slidably connected with the slideway 9;The slideway 9 is fixed, institute Rigid cage 4 is stated as the lifting on sea level is slided up and down along slideway 9;The electric storage means 10 connects with the lifting device It connects;The electric storage means 10 is connect with the tidal current energy generating equipment 1;The electric storage means 10 connects with the wave energy generating set 2 It connects;Lifting device is equipped in the rigid cage 4;The rigid cage 4 is by the lifting device along 9 surface of slideway It slides up and down;The rigid cage 4 includes vertical bar 11, the first support frame 12 and the second support frame 13;The one of the vertical bar 11 Hold connect vertical with first support frame 12;The other end of the vertical bar 11 is vertical with second support frame 13 to be connect;Institute The first support frame 12 is stated on second support frame 13, first support frame 12 is equipped with filter 14, the filter Wave apparatus 14 covers first support frame 12;First support frame 12 includes outline border 15 and the first transverse support bar 16;Institute Outline border 15 is stated to be positive polygon or round;One end of first transverse support bar 16 is connect with the outline border 15, and described first The other end of transverse support bar 16 is slidably connected with the slideway 9;Second support frame 13 and first support frame 12 are big It is small identical with shape.
In conclusion a kind of wind energy provided by the invention, ocean energy composite generating set, the turbine includes horizontal turns Dynamic impeller, the impeller are equipped with through-hole, and the impeller is set on the vertical pivot by the through-hole;The wave energy hair Electric installation includes oscillatory type float, and the oscillatory type float is connect with the top of the vertical pivot;The oscillatory type float is located at sea In plane;By the way that impeller and oscillatory type float to be co-located on same vertical pivot, wave energy and marine tidal-current energy can be converted to The kinetic energy of vertical pivot, while power suffered by impeller and oscillatory type float is increased, improve energy transformation ratio;When on sea level Rise or decline when, be slidably connected by the rigid cage and the spud pile, can adjust tidal current energy generating equipment from The depth on sea level, while be located at the oscillatory type float of wave energy generating set on sea level, make tidal current energy generating equipment and Wave energy generating set is in optimal working condition;It is symmetrically set by the tidal current energy generating equipment about the spud pile It sets, the wave energy generating set is symmetrical arranged about the spud pile, eliminates incoming flow inhomogeneities to greatest extent to trend The influence of energy, wave energy generating set generating efficiency;The rigid cage is slidably connected with the spud pile, by described rigid The lifting device being equipped in property support frame, can adjust depth of the tidal current energy generating equipment from sea level, while send out wave energy The oscillatory type float of electric installation is located on sea level, and tidal current energy generating equipment and wave energy generating set is made to be in best effort shape State;The electric storage means is connect with the tidal current energy generating equipment;The electric storage means is connect with the wave energy generating set, can The electric energy that tidal current energy generating equipment and wave energy generating set generate is stored, required electric energy is provided for lifting device;Pass through institute It states filter and covers first support frame, influence of the wave of the sea to impeller in tidal current energy generating equipment can be reduced;It is logical Cross that described vertical bar one end is vertical with first support frame to be connect, the other end of the vertical bar is vertical with second support frame to be connected It connects, increases the intensity of the rigid cage;The outline border is positive polygon or round, facilitates tidal current energy generating equipment and wave Wave energy generating set is arranged symmetrically about spud pile;It is connect by one end of first transverse support bar with the outline border, energy The intensity for enough increasing by first support frame avoids first support frame when sliding up and down along spud pile, by excessive Pressure and be deformed;Wind power generation plant is set by spud pile top, electric energy can be converted wind energy into, improve sea The utilization of the upper energy;It is equipped with cavity inside the oscillatory type float, it is floating on sea level to be capable of increasing the oscillatory type float Power reduces influence of the oscillatory type float self gravity to wave energy generating set;The axis of rolling is mounted on by the vertical pivot In holding, resistance encountered in vertical pivot rotary course can be reduced, improve energy conversion rate.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, all to utilize this hair Equivalents made by bright specification and accompanying drawing content are applied directly or indirectly in relevant technical field, similarly include In scope of patent protection of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of wind energy for improving energy conversion rate, ocean energy composite generating set, which is characterized in that generate electricity and fill including marine tidal-current energy It sets and wave energy generating set;
The tidal current energy generating equipment is arranged in b.s.l.;The tidal current energy generating equipment includes turbine and rigid support Frame;
The turbine includes the impeller horizontally rotated;The rigid cage is equipped with vertical pivot;The impeller is located at described perpendicular On axis;
The wave energy generating set includes oscillatory type float, and the oscillatory type float is connect with the vertical pivot;The oscillatory type Float is located on sea level;Cavity is equipped with inside the oscillatory type float;
It further include spud pile and wind power generation plant, the spud pile outer surface is equipped with slideway;Electric power is equipped in the spud pile Transmission system;The rigid cage is slidably connected with the slideway;The slideway is fixed, the rigid cage with The lifting on sea level is slided up and down along slideway;The electrical power transmission system is connect with the wind power generation plant;The electric power Transmission system is connect with the tidal current energy generating equipment;The electrical power transmission system is connect with the wave energy generating set;
The rigid cage includes vertical bar, the first support frame and the second support frame;One end of the vertical bar with described first Support connection;The other end of the vertical bar is connect with second support frame;First support frame is in second support frame On, first support frame is equipped with filter, and the filter covers first support frame;
First support frame includes outline border and the first transverse support bar;The outline border is circle;First transverse support bar One end connect with the outline border, the other end and the slideway of first transverse support bar are slidably connected.
2. a kind of wind energy for improving energy conversion rate according to claim 1, ocean energy composite generating set, feature exist In the tidal current energy generating equipment includes the first tidal current energy generating equipment and the second tidal current energy generating equipment;First trend Energy power generator and second tidal current energy generating equipment are symmetrical arranged about the spud pile;The wave energy generating set packet Include the first wave energy apparatus and the second wave energy generating set;First wave energy apparatus and second wave-energy power generation dress It sets and is symmetrical arranged about spud pile.
3. a kind of wind energy for improving energy conversion rate according to claim 1, ocean energy composite generating set, feature exist In equipped with lifting device in the rigid cage;The rigid cage is by the lifting device along on ramp surface Lower slider.
4. a kind of wind energy for improving energy conversion rate according to claim 3, ocean energy composite generating set, feature exist In further including electric storage means, the electric storage means is connect with the lifting device;The electric storage means and the tidal current energy generating equipment connect It connects;The electric storage means is connect with the wave energy generating set.
CN201811104445.9A 2016-11-25 2016-11-25 It is a kind of to improve the wind energy of energy conversion rate, ocean energy composite generating set Pending CN109268198A (en)

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CN109139349A (en) 2019-01-04
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CN109026512B (en) 2020-12-22
CN109139349B (en) 2020-06-19

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