CN109258102A - A kind of Handheld fruit device for picking - Google Patents

A kind of Handheld fruit device for picking Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109258102A
CN109258102A CN201811286644.6A CN201811286644A CN109258102A CN 109258102 A CN109258102 A CN 109258102A CN 201811286644 A CN201811286644 A CN 201811286644A CN 109258102 A CN109258102 A CN 109258102A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
picking
cutter
hand lever
bottom knife
picker
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Granted
Application number
CN201811286644.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109258102B (en
Inventor
王锡明
张春鹏
汪珺
王学军
白琨
刘丹萍
许家磊
姬祥
刘杰
苏智伟
刘韦康
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Hefei College
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Hefei College
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Priority to CN201811286644.6A priority Critical patent/CN109258102B/en
Publication of CN109258102A publication Critical patent/CN109258102A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109258102B publication Critical patent/CN109258102B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
    • A01D46/24Devices for picking apples or like fruit
    • A01D46/247Manually operated fruit-picking tools

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Harvesting Machines For Specific Crops (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of Handheld fruit device for picking, including hand lever, it is connected to the picker on hand lever top, the picker includes the connecting plate connecting with the hand lever, the affixed fixed plate with one end of connecting plate, laterally it is fixed in the decelerating motor of dead plate upper end, it is fixed in the bottom knife of fixed plate lower end, it is connected to the eccentric wheel of decelerating motor round end, the cutter being connect with eccentric wheel by slider-crank mechanism, the cutter is movably connected in the top of bottom knife, the decelerating motor promotes cutter to move back and forth relative to bottom knife by eccentric wheel under the drive of slider-crank mechanism.Decelerating motor promotes eccentric wheel to rotate in the present invention, the eccentric wheel promotes slider-crank mechanism to drive cutter mobile, intersect mobile cutter back and forth with the formation of fixed bottom knife, cutting for fruit on fruit tree is plucked to be realized under the action of cutter and bottom knife.

Description

A kind of Handheld fruit device for picking
Technical field
The invention belongs to fruit picking technical fields, and in particular to a kind of Handheld fruit device for picking.
Background technique
As time goes on, the life of the people is more and more rich, every profession and trade is promoted to flourish, wherein the yield of fruit by Year increases, and needs to climb to mostly on tree and is picked previously for the fruit on tree, because fruit is more dispersed in the tree, was picked Journey is cumbersome, and also extremely dangerous for the people of upper tree picking, while picking efficiency is very low, and application No. is A kind of crawler-type mobile fruit picking robot of independent navigation of 2011100217679 patent disclosure and fruit picking side Method, so as to improve fruit picking efficiency, though so this device improves picking efficiency, structure is complicated, and device volume is larger, uncomfortable It is too high using the cost of this device in intensive orchard, and for small-sized orchard, i.e., it can not be promoted on a large scale;Together When on fruit tree by remaining scattered fruit, this device is unable to complete effective picking.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Handheld fruit device for picking, to overcome above-mentioned technical problem.
Above-mentioned technical purpose of the invention has the technical scheme that
A kind of Handheld fruit device for picking including hand lever, is connected to the picker on hand lever top, the picker include with The connecting plate of hand lever connection, vertical is fixed in subtracting for dead plate upper end at affixed fixed plate vertical with one end of connecting plate Speed motor, the bottom knife for being fixed in fixed plate lower end, the eccentric wheel for being connected to decelerating motor round end and eccentric wheel pass through crank The cutter of slide block mechanism connection, the cutter are movably connected in the top of bottom knife, and the decelerating motor passes through eccentric wheel Cutter is promoted to move back and forth relative to bottom knife under the drive of slider-crank mechanism.
Further, the slider-crank mechanism includes the song for being connected on eccentric wheel and being formed with eccentric wheel revolute pair Handle and sliding block affixed with the cutter and with cutter composition prismatic pair, the sliding block and crank activity Connection.
Further, the sliding block is string configuration and is provided along its length strip sliding slot, and the crank is set In in the strip sliding slot.
Further, the cutter and bottom knife are all made of multiple-cutting-edge dental structure.
Further, the hand lever includes handle and the telescopic rod affixed with handle, and the picker, which is connected to, to be stretched The top of contracting bar.
Further, above the bottom knife close to the locating piece of the affixed inverted L shape in side of fixed plate, the locating piece with Gap identical with cutter thickness is formed between the bottom knife, the cutter is placed on described close to the one of fixed plate In gap;The other side of the bottom knife is equipped with sliding slot along the width direction of bottom knife, and the slider-crank mechanism passes through screw It is connect with the cutter, the screw extends downward into sliding slot.
Further, the top of the hand lever is two risers being parallel to each other, and is connected with and turns between described two risers Axis is flexibly connected there are two the connecting plate is set and with the both ends of shaft respectively, and the hand lever is solid close to one end of picker It is connected to the regulating device for connecting with the picker and picker being made to be rotated along shaft, the regulating device includes The transverse slat that is fixed on hand lever, the stepper motor being connected to below transverse slat are connected to above transverse slat and connect with the stepper motor It the slide assemblies that connect and is connect with the slide assemblies and the turning-bar affixed with the connecting plate, the stepper motor can Slide assemblies are promoted to drive the turning-bar mobile.
Further, the slide assemblies include be set to fixed plate above connect with the stepper motor and with the hand lever Parallel screw rod, the positioning plate for being connected to screw mandrel top, the feed screw nut being connected on screw rod seat and the connection cross The sliding rail being slidably connected between plate and the positioning plate and with feed screw nut's seat, the turning-bar are connected to told screw rod spiral shell In base, the stepper motor makes screw rod rotation that feed screw nut's seat be promoted to move up and down along sliding rail.
Further, the top of the hand lever and the picker it is ipsilateral be connected with to picker picking fruit into The collection device that row is collected.
Further, the collection device includes connecting with the hand lever and the transverse direction ipsilateral with the picker is fixed Plate is connected to lateral fixed plate and forms two collection bars of certain angle and be detachably connected between two collection bars Collecting net.
The utility model has the advantages that
1, decelerating motor promotes eccentric wheel to rotate in the present invention, and the eccentric wheel promotes slider-crank mechanism that cutter is driven to move It is dynamic, intersect mobile cutter back and forth with the formation of fixed bottom knife, to simulate the principle for manually using stage property, thus It is realized under the action of cutter and bottom knife and cutting for fruit on fruit tree is plucked;
2, hand lever is divided into handle and telescopic rod two parts in the present invention, is adjusted so as to the length to hand lever, makes the present invention It may be adapted to cut the fruit for plucking different height on fruit tree;
3, the regulating device being arranged in the present invention can be such that picker is rotated clockwise or counterclockwise along shaft, can pick dress It sets and carrys out back rotation between lateral orientation and longitudinal orientation, picker can be made to rotate within a certain angle relative to hand lever, It realizes and picker is adjusted in the position of two-dimensional directional, to realize to the angular adjustment of cutter and bottom knife, passing through After the adjusting suitable height of telescopic rod, picker alignment is adjusted by regulating device the case where hanging on fruit tree according to fruit Fruit stalk makes the picking of the suitable any direction fruit of the present invention so that it is suitable for cutting the orientation plucked that picker, which turns to,.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of picker and regulating device in the present invention;
In figure: 100, hand lever;110, handle;120, telescopic rod;130, riser;140, shaft;200, picker;210, it connects Plate;220, fixed plate;230, decelerating motor;240, cutter;250, eccentric wheel;260, bottom knife;270, slider-crank mechanism; 271, crank;272, sliding block;300, regulating device;310, transverse slat;320, stepper motor;330, slide assemblies;331, screw rod; 332, positioning plate;333, feed screw nut's seat;334, sliding rail;340, turning-bar;400, collection device;410, lateral fixed plate; 420, bar is collected.
Specific embodiment
In the description of the present invention, unless otherwise indicated, the side of the instructions such as term " on " "lower" " left side " " right side " " preceding " " rear " Position or positional relationship are merely to describing the present invention and simplifying description, rather than the device of indication or suggestion meaning or structure are necessary With specific orientation, therefore it is not considered as limiting the invention.In addition, term " first " " second " etc. is only used for describing Purpose is not understood to indicate or imply relative importance.
As shown in Figure 1, Handheld fruit device for picking of the present invention, including hand lever, it is connected to the picking on hand lever top Device, the regulating device for connecting with hand lever and being connect with the picker and be connected to hand lever upper end and the picking dress Set it is corresponding to cut the collection device for taking off fruit for collecting, wherein to control picker and adjustment device work Start key is mounted on hand lever.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the hand lever include positioned at hand lever lower end handle and with affixed flexible of handle Bar, the telescopic rod are used to adjust the length of hand lever, are suitable for the fruit that height is different on fruit tree;The picker connection On the top of the telescopic rod comprising one end of the connecting plate and the connecting plate that are connected to the hand lever top is affixed Fixed plate is laterally fixed in the decelerating motor of dead plate upper end, the bottom knife for being fixed in fixed plate lower end, is connected to decelerating motor The cutter that the eccentric wheel and eccentric wheel of round end are connected by slider-crank mechanism, wherein the cutter activity connects It connects in the top of bottom knife, the cutter and bottom knife are all made of multiple-cutting-edge dental structure, and the slider-crank mechanism includes connection On eccentric wheel and with eccentric wheel formed revolute pair crank and with the cutter it is affixed and with the cutter form move Secondary sliding block is moved, the sliding block is flexibly connected with the crank, and the decelerating motor rotates eccentric wheel, so that in crank Drive sliding block rotated, so that the bottom knife connecting with sliding block be made to move back and forth, realization make to promote cutter relative to Bottom knife moves back and forth;Wherein the sliding block is string configuration and is provided along its length strip sliding slot, the crank It is placed in the strip sliding slot.
The top of the bottom knife is connected with the locating piece of similar inverted L shape close to the side of fixed plate, the locating piece with Gap identical as cutter thickness or slightly larger than cutter thickness is formed between the bottom knife, the cutter is close to solid The one of fixed board is placed in the gap;The cutter and bottom knife are all made of multiple-cutting-edge dental structure, the bottom knife it is another Side and it is equipped with sliding slot along the width direction of bottom knife, the slider-crank mechanism is connect by screw with the cutter, described Screw extends downward into sliding slot.
Structure of the invention is improved further, as shown in Figure 1, on top, that is, telescopic rod top of the hand lever For two risers being parallel to each other, a shaft is connected between two risers, the connecting plate of the picker is correspondingly provided with Two and it is respectively and movably connected to the both ends of shaft;As shown in Fig. 2, the regulating device includes being fixed on hand lever at this time Transverse slat, be connected to below transverse slat stepper motor, be connected to the slide assemblies connecting above transverse slat and with the stepper motor, And it is connect with the slide assemblies and the turning-bar affixed with the connecting plate, the stepper motor can promote slide assemblies band It is mobile to move the turning-bar.
As shown in Figure 1, the slide assemblies in the application are preferably used with flowering structure, the slide assemblies include being set to fix Connect with the stepper motor above plate and the screw rod parallel with the hand lever, be connected to screw mandrel top positioning plate, be connected to It is slided between feed screw nut's seat and the connection transverse slat and the positioning plate on the screw rod and with feed screw nut's seat The sliding rail of connection, one end of the turning-bar and feed screw nut's seat are affixed, the other end of the turning-bar and the connection Plate is affixed, and the stepper motor makes screw rod rotation that feed screw nut's seat be promoted to move up and down along sliding rail, and the positioning plate is in screw rod The position of the feed screw nut's seat moved up positions;When the turning-bar is mobile simultaneously with feed screw nut's seat, described turn It will give the connecting plate affixed with turning-bar certain pressure to the movement of the position of bar, promote connecting plate that will turn along the shaft It is dynamic, the position that picker is upper bottom knife is adjusted to realize.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, as a further improvement of the present invention, the top of the hand lever and the picker are same Side is connected with the collection device being collected to the fruit of picker picking, and the collection device of addition includes connecting with the hand lever Connect and the lateral fixed plate ipsilateral with the picker, be connected to lateral fixed plate and formed certain angle when two collection Bar and the collecting net being detachably connected between two collection bars, the collecting net preferably use vertical netted channel, make The fruit of picking can free-falling to the bottom of collecting net, wherein the range of the certain angle is 30 ° -90 °.
Use process: according to height of the fruit-picking on fruit tree is prepared, the length of hand lever, then root are adjusted by telescopic rod It is suspended on the direction on fruit tree according to fruit, the direction of picker is adjusted by regulating device, makes picker alignment fruit stalk, So that picker is suitable for cutting plucking, start decelerating motor at this time, cutter made to move back and forth and intersect back and forth with bottom knife formation, Simulation manually uses the principle of cutter, and fruit shears are plucked in realization, cuts the collection that the fruit taken off is fallen into below picker and fills In setting.
In order to keep the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention more concise, present invention embodiments above It is illustrated, is used only to describe the present invention, should not be understood as limiting the scope of the present invention.It should be pointed out that it is all Any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements etc. done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, should be included in protection of the invention Within the scope of.Therefore, the scope of protection of the patent of the invention shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Handheld fruit device for picking, which is characterized in that including hand lever (100), be connected to the picker on hand lever top (200), the picker includes the connecting plate (210) connecting with the hand lever, vertical with one end of connecting plate affixed consolidates Fixed board (220), vertically be fixed in the decelerating motor (230) of dead plate upper end, the bottom knife (260) for being fixed in fixed plate lower end, It is connected to the eccentric wheel (250) of decelerating motor round end, passes through the cutter that slider-crank mechanism (270) are connect with eccentric wheel (240), the cutter is movably connected in the top of bottom knife, and the decelerating motor is by eccentric wheel in slider-crank mechanism Cutter is promoted to move back and forth relative to bottom knife under drive.
2. Handheld fruit device for picking as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the slider-crank mechanism includes being connected to On eccentric wheel and with eccentric wheel formed revolute pair crank (271) and with the cutter it is affixed and with the cutter group At the sliding block (272) of prismatic pair, the sliding block is flexibly connected with the crank.
3. Handheld fruit device for picking as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the sliding block is string configuration and edge Its length direction is equipped with strip sliding slot, and the crank is placed in the strip sliding slot.
4. Handheld fruit device for picking as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the cutter and bottom knife are all made of more Sword dental structure.
5. Handheld fruit device for picking as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the hand lever include handle (110) and Affixed telescopic rod (120) with handle, the picker are connected to the top of telescopic rod.
6. Handheld fruit device for picking as described in claim 1 or 4, which is characterized in that close to fixed above the bottom knife The locating piece of the affixed inverted L shape in the side of plate is formed with identical with cutter thickness between the locating piece and the bottom knife Gap, the cutter are placed in the gap close to the one of fixed plate;Width of the other side of the bottom knife along bottom knife It spends direction and is equipped with sliding slot, the slider-crank mechanism is connect by screw with the cutter, and the screw extends downward into cunning In slot.
7. Handheld fruit device for picking as described in claim 1 or 6, which is characterized in that the top of the hand lever is mutually flat Two capable risers (130) are connected with shaft (140) between described two risers, there are two the connecting plate is set and respectively with The both ends of shaft are flexibly connected, and the hand lever is connected with close to one end of picker to be connect with the picker and can make to adopt The regulating device (300) that device and picking is rotated clockwise or counterclockwise along shaft, the regulating device include being fixed in hand lever On transverse slat (310), be connected to below transverse slat stepper motor (320), be connected to above transverse slat and connect with the stepper motor It the slide assemblies (330) that connect and is connect with the slide assemblies and the turning-bar (340) affixed with the connecting plate, it is described Stepper motor can promote slide assemblies to drive the turning-bar mobile.
8. Handheld fruit device for picking as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that the slide assemblies include being set to fixed plate Top is connected with the stepper motor and the screw rod (331) parallel with the hand lever, the positioning plate for being connected to screw mandrel top (332), feed screw nut's seat (333) for being connected on the screw rod and connect between the transverse slat and the positioning plate and with The sliding rail (334) that feed screw nut's seat is slidably connected, the turning-bar are connected on told feed screw nut's seat, the stepping electricity Machine makes screw rod rotation that feed screw nut's seat be promoted to move up and down along sliding rail.
9. Handheld fruit device for picking as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the top of the hand lever and the picking fill Set the ipsilateral collection device (400) for being connected with and being collected to the fruit of picker picking.
10. Handheld fruit device for picking as claimed in claim 9, which is characterized in that the collection device includes and the hand Bar connection and the lateral fixed plate (410) ipsilateral with the picker are connected to lateral fixed plate and form certain angle Two collecting nets collection bar (420) and be detachably connected between two collection bars.
CN201811286644.6A 2018-10-31 2018-10-31 Handheld fruit picking device Active CN109258102B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811286644.6A CN109258102B (en) 2018-10-31 2018-10-31 Handheld fruit picking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811286644.6A CN109258102B (en) 2018-10-31 2018-10-31 Handheld fruit picking device

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CN109258102A true CN109258102A (en) 2019-01-25
CN109258102B CN109258102B (en) 2024-04-26

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103931343A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-07-23 广西大学 Mulberry leaf picking machine
CN203788729U (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-08-27 西安工业大学 Fruit packing manipulator
US20170013779A1 (en) * 2015-07-18 2017-01-19 Jason Zhao Fruits Plucking Device
CN206879475U (en) * 2017-05-19 2018-01-16 山东科技大学 A kind of Multifunction expanding picking machine of replaceable harvesting cutter
CN207305463U (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-05-04 平舆县龙翔农业种植有限公司 A kind of pruning fruit tree picker
CN209314329U (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-08-30 合肥学院 A kind of Handheld fruit device for picking

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103931343A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-07-23 广西大学 Mulberry leaf picking machine
CN203788729U (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-08-27 西安工业大学 Fruit packing manipulator
US20170013779A1 (en) * 2015-07-18 2017-01-19 Jason Zhao Fruits Plucking Device
CN206879475U (en) * 2017-05-19 2018-01-16 山东科技大学 A kind of Multifunction expanding picking machine of replaceable harvesting cutter
CN207305463U (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-05-04 平舆县龙翔农业种植有限公司 A kind of pruning fruit tree picker
CN209314329U (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-08-30 合肥学院 A kind of Handheld fruit device for picking

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