CN109252681A - A kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof - Google Patents

A kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109252681A
CN109252681A CN201811174696.4A CN201811174696A CN109252681A CN 109252681 A CN109252681 A CN 109252681A CN 201811174696 A CN201811174696 A CN 201811174696A CN 109252681 A CN109252681 A CN 109252681A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roof
roof boarding
installation
prefabricated
shockproof
Prior art date
Application number
CN201811174696.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙军
杨泓斌
梁艺光
郑泽杭
王丹
Original Assignee
鼎宸建设管理有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 鼎宸建设管理有限公司 filed Critical 鼎宸建设管理有限公司
Priority to CN201811174696.4A priority Critical patent/CN109252681A/en
Publication of CN109252681A publication Critical patent/CN109252681A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground

Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof, includes the following steps: fixing piece, roof boarding, cleaning, lifting and fixation, pea gravel concreten perfusion, shockproof series connection, laying and bottom smoothes out and detection;Defense sector shock stability of the present invention is good, since all prefabricated roofs are connected into an entirety by metal strip, it will not pound down when an earthquake occurs, the life security of resident is kept, while house prefabricated component is washed one's face overlaying structure, is prefabricated structure, on wall top, multiple groups fixing piece and fixing bolt are set, multiple groups roof boarding is fixed in the mounting groove on the inside of symmetrical fixing piece, in this way together with series combination, anti seismic efficiency is more preferable.

Description

A kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of buildings more particularly to a kind of shockproof installation methods of prefabricated roof.

Technical background

It is also higher and higher to the safety requirements for building pre- now with the development of building, Building Construction work Skill is complicated, and the duration is very long, the more waste of resource of building waste, and the gable roof for having modular unit to constitute a, component at least needs One piece of cover board is wanted, arranges rafter wood along ridge direction in its lower section, the rafter of the component of two arrangements that face each other is at it Ridge side end region connected each other with movable joint, the structure on housing top, but roofing can be collectively covered by thus generating Directly on roof, the relevant requirement for preventing earthquake of country, building when how to be effectively prevented earthquake is not achieved in installation to the components such as plate The safety of object, protection the people's lives and property just become more and more important.Therefore, the present invention proposes a kind of preventing for prefabricated roof Shake installation method place so as to solve the deficiencies in the prior art.

Summary of the invention

In view of the above-mentioned problems, the present invention proposes the shockproof installation method of kind of prefabricated roof, defense sector shock stability of the present invention is good, Since all prefabricated roofs are connected into an entirety by metal strip, it will not pound down when an earthquake occurs, keep resident's Life security, while house prefabricated component is washed one's face overlaying structure, is prefabricated structure, the setting multiple groups fixing piece and solid on wall top Determine bolt, multiple groups roof boarding is fixed on the inside of symmetrical fixing piece, in this way together with series combination, anti seismic efficiency More preferably, and the earthquake-proof installation method construction efficiency is high, avoids wasting time, while in advance will be at ground installing roof boarding Reason and wall unitary construction come out, and guarantee the smooth of roof installation, avoid the occurrence of fortuitous event, and prevented after installing Water and shockproof detection, to ensure that the practicability of this method.

A kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof, comprising the following steps:

Step 1: fixing piece

Ground first is accomplished fluently on ground, wall is piled up on the ground accomplished fluently, multiple groups fixing piece is then placed at the top of wall;

Step 2: roof boarding

By structural plan layout drawing in the top surface pop-up geometric center lines of winding up of roof truss, day is popped up respectively from span centre to both ends Window-frame, roof boarding install directrix;

Step 3: it cleans

It should will be cleaned up at wall installation place and fixing piece before roof boarding is in place, according to 500 millimeters of absolute altitude ray examination marks Height checks axis, wipes 1:2 cement mortar screeding layer;

Step 4: lifting and fixed

Roof boarding is lifted into the top surface of wall, alignment and fixation part (just permitted to break off relations after falling surely, be passed through by the mounting groove of inside Instrument promotes fixing piece inwardly, and then tentatively roof boarding is fixed by installing multiple groups fixing bolt on fixing piece;

Step 5: pea gravel concreten perfusion

Roof boarding bottom installation hang mould, then between every group of roof boarding gap be perfused pea gravel concreten, insert it is closely knit, On some strength to be achieved next step construction could be carried out in top surface;

Step 6: shockproof series connection

After roof boarding is laid on the gable of building, passed through from the lightening hole of roof boarding with metal strip, it will be adjacent Roof boarding is together in series, and then the two ends of metal strip are fixed on wall, and original individually roof boarding is made to be linked to be entirety;

Step 7: it is laid with

Dope layer, waterproof roll, isolation screed and pea gravel concreten layer are laid on roof boarding as waterproof construction;

Step 8: bottom smoothes out and detection

Roof boarding bottom is smoothed out by cement mortar, waterproof experiment and shockproof experiment are then done on roof boarding.

Further improvement lies in that: in the step 1 with ground grading, dig pit, built-in connection, solidify in ground one Kind or several method pre-process ground, are connected with screw connection, expansion bolt connection, mortise-tenon joint, angle bar connection, buckle The combined stack for connecing, linking up with one or more of connection, adhesive connection, cement mortar connection method is built a wall body, then in wall Multiple groups fixing piece is placed at the top of body.

Further improvement lies in that: geometry first is popped up in the top surface of winding up of roof truss by structural plan layout drawing in the step 2 Center line pops up skylight frame, roof boarding installation directrix respectively from span centre to both ends, then pops up installation center line in end, on The installation site line of supporting jointing part is popped up in lower edge two sides, pops up vertical bar center line.

Further improvement lies in that: when roof boarding is tentatively fixed in the step 4, gap between compacted roof boarding is answered, when in place Accurately, when still having the gap, using filled thermal insulation materials, while the degree of fastening should be grasped when being fastened and fixed bolt, it can not mistake Degree, can excessively be such that seal washer turns over, or even press recessed and ponding by roof boarding, and fastening can not enough make to seal not in place and go out Now leak.

Further improvement lies in that: it is answered in the step 4 when the width dimensions of the depth size in room and floor are adapted Adjustment plate slit width degree, plate stitch width is not preferably less than 40 millimeters, when plate stitch is wider than 60 millimeters, prepares plate stitch reinforcing bar by design, The length of plate people's support, long to should be greater than 70 millimeters to plate, short plate should be greater than 35 millimeters, plate must check the number by design requirement into Seat, must not misplace plate number.

Further improvement lies in that: in roof boarding bottom, mould is hung in installation in the step 5, then between every group of roof boarding Gap be perfused pea gravel concreten, insert it is closely knit, on some strength to be achieved could top surface carry out next step construction, finally in phase Also the fastness that pea gravel concreten improves installation is perfused between adjacent fixing piece.

Further improvement lies in that: after hanging mould perfusion pea gravel concreten in the step 5, mouth will stay 25- under roofing plate stitch 35 mm wides.

Further improvement lies in that: the step 6 is pre- on roof when prefabricated roof is laid on the gable of building The drilling of the gable overlapping of product and building, fixing lock is inserted into hole, is connected together by fixed pin and gable.

The invention has the benefit that defense sector shock stability of the present invention is good, since metal strip is by all prefabricated roof strings It is unified into an entirety, will not be pounded down when an earthquake occurs, has kept the life security of resident, while house prefabricated component is washed one's face superposition Structure is prefabricated structure, and multiple groups fixing piece and fixing bolt is arranged on wall top, multiple groups roof boarding is fixed on symmetrical solid Determine in the mounting groove on the inside of part, in this way together with series combination, anti seismic efficiency is more preferable, and the earthquake-proof is installed Method construction efficiency is high, avoids wasting time, while in advance coming out floor treatment and wall unitary construction in installation roof boarding, Guarantee the smooth of roof installation, avoid the occurrence of fortuitous event, and carry out waterproof and shockproof detection after installing, to guarantee The practicability of this method.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the three-dimensional structure;

Fig. 2 is main view of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is fixing piece schematic perspective view of the present invention.

Specific embodiment

In order to realize invention technological means, reach purpose and effect is easy to understand, below with reference to specific implementation Mode, the present invention is further explained.

Embodiment one

A kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof

Step 1: fixing piece

With ground grading, dig pit, built-in connection, solidification one or more of ground method locate ground in advance Reason is connected with screw connection, expansion bolt connection, mortise-tenon joint, angle bar, is snapped connection, linking up with connection, adhesive connection, water The combined stack of one or more of cement mortar connection method is built a wall body, and multiple groups fixing piece 1 is then placed at the top of wall;

Step 2: roof boarding 2

First popped up respectively in the top surface pop-up geometric center lines of winding up of roof truss from span centre to both ends by structural plan layout drawing Skylight frame, roof boarding 2 install directrix, then pop up installation center line, the peace of upper lower edge two sides pop-up supporting jointing part in end Holding position line pops up vertical bar center line;

Step 3: it cleans

It should will be cleaned up at wall installation place and fixing piece 1 before roof boarding 2 is in place, according to 500 millimeters of absolute altitude ray examinations Absolute altitude checks axis, wipes 1:2 cement mortar screeding layer;

Step 4: lifting and fixed

Adjustment plate slit width degree is answered when the width dimensions of the depth size in room and floor are adapted, plate stitch width is unsuitable small In 40 millimeters, when plate stitch is wider than 60 millimeters, plate stitch reinforcing bar, the length of plate people's support are prepared by design, length should be greater than to plate 70 millimeters, short plate should be greater than 35 millimeters, and plate must sit in the right seat by design requirement, must not misplace plate number, and roof boarding 2 is lifted To the top surface of wall, the mounting groove 3 of 1 inside of alignment and fixation part, fall it is steady after just permitted to break off relations, by instrument by fixing piece 1 inwardly It promotes, then tentatively roof boarding 2 is fixed by installing multiple groups fixing bolt 4 on fixing piece 1, roof boarding 2 is tentatively fixed When, 2 gaps of compacted roof boarding are answered, when in place accurate, when still having the gap, using filled thermal insulation materials, while being fastened and fixed The degree that fastening should be grasped when bolt, can not be excessive, can excessively seal washer be made to turn over, in addition roof boarding 2 is pressed recessed and Ponding, fastening can not enough make to seal not in place and leak;

Step 5: pea gravel concreten perfusion

In 2 bottom of roof boarding, mould 5 is hung in installation, and pea gravel concreten then is perfused to the gap between every group of roof boarding 2, inserts close It is real, next step construction could be carried out in top surface on some strength to be achieved, after hanging mould perfusion pea gravel concreten, under roofing plate stitch Mouth will stay 25-35 mm wide, and the fastness that pea gravel concreten improves installation is finally also perfused between adjacent fixing piece 1;

Step 6: shockproof series connection

After roof boarding 2 is laid on the gable of building, passed through from the lightening hole of roof boarding 2 with metal strip 6, it will be adjacent Roof boarding 2 be together in series, then the two ends of metal strip 6 are fixed on wall, are linked to be original individually roof boarding 2 whole Body drills when prefabricated roof is laid on the gable of building in the gable overlapping of prefabricated roof and building, from It is inserted into fixing lock in hole, is connected together by fixed pin and gable;

Step 7: it is laid with

Dope layer, waterproof roll, isolation screed and pea gravel concreten layer are laid on roof boarding 2 as waterproof construction;

Step 8: bottom smoothes out and detection

2 bottom of roof boarding is smoothed out by cement mortar, waterproof experiment and shockproof experiment are then done on roof boarding 2.

Defense sector shock stability of the present invention is good, since all prefabricated roofs are connected into an entirety by metal strip 6, is occurring It will not be pounded down when earthquake, keep the life security of resident, while house prefabricated component is washed one's face overlaying structure, is prefabricated structure, Multiple groups fixing piece 1 and fixing bolt 4 are set on wall top, multiple groups roof boarding 2 is fixed on to the installation of symmetrical 1 inside of fixing piece In slot 3, in this way together with series combination, anti seismic efficiency is more preferable, and the earthquake-proof installation method construction efficiency Height avoids wasting time, while in advance coming out floor treatment and wall unitary construction in installation roof boarding 2, guarantees roof peace What is filled is smooth, avoids the occurrence of fortuitous event, and waterproof and shockproof detection are carried out after installing, to ensure that this method Practicability.

The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe originals of the invention Reason, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes and improvements It all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its equivalent circle It is fixed.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:
Step 1: fixing piece
Ground first is accomplished fluently on ground, wall is piled up on the ground accomplished fluently, then places multiple groups fixing piece (1) at the top of wall;
Step 2: roof boarding (2)
By structural plan layout drawing in the top surface pop-up geometric center lines of winding up of roof truss, skylight is popped up respectively from span centre to both ends Frame, roof boarding (2) install directrix;
Step 3: it cleans
It should will be cleaned up at wall installation place and fixing piece (1) before roof boarding (2) is in place, according to 500 millimeters of absolute altitude ray examinations Absolute altitude checks axis, wipes 1:2 cement mortar screeding layer;
Step 4: lifting and fixed
Roof boarding (2) is lifted into the top surface of wall, the mounting groove (3) on the inside of alignment and fixation part (1) is just permitted to break off relations after falling surely, Fixing piece (1) is promoted inwardly by instrument, then by installing multiple groups fixing bolt (4) tentatively to room on fixing piece (1) Panel (2) is fixed;
Step 5: pea gravel concreten perfusion
In roof boarding (2) bottom, mould (5) are hung in installation, and pea gravel concreten then is perfused to the gap between every group of roof boarding (2), are inserted It is closely knit, on some strength to be achieved next step construction could be carried out in top surface;
Step 6: shockproof series connection
After roof boarding (2) is laid on the gable of building, passed through from the lightening hole of roof boarding (2) with metal strip (6), by phase Adjacent roof boarding (2) is together in series, and then the two ends of metal strip (6) are fixed on wall, makes original individual roof boarding (2) it is linked to be entirety;
Step 7: it is laid with
Dope layer, waterproof roll, isolation screed and pea gravel concreten layer are laid on roof boarding (2) as waterproof construction;
Step 8: bottom smoothes out and detection
Roof boarding (2) bottom is smoothed out by cement mortar, waterproof experiment and shockproof experiment are then done on roof boarding (2).
2. a kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the step 1 With ground grading, dig pit, built-in connection, solidification one or more of ground method pre-process ground, with screw Connection, expansion bolt connection, mortise-tenon joint, angle bar are connected, are snapped connection, linking up with connection, adhesive connection, cement mortar connection One or more of the combined stack of method build a wall body, then place multiple groups fixing piece (1) at the top of wall.
3. a kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the step 2 First by structural plan layout drawing roof truss wind up top surface pop-up geometric center lines, popped up respectively from span centre to both ends skylight frame, Roof boarding (2) installs directrix, then pops up installation center line, the installation site of upper lower edge two sides pop-up supporting jointing part in end Line pops up vertical bar center line.
4. a kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the step 4 When roof boarding (2) is tentatively fixed, gap between compacted roof boarding (2) is answered, when in place accurate, when still having the gap, using thermal insulation material It fills, while the degree of fastening should be grasped when being fastened and fixed bolt, can not be excessive, can excessively seal washer be made to turn over, even Roof boarding (2) is pressed recessed and ponding, fastening can not enough make to seal not in place and leak.
5. a kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the step 4 Adjustment plate slit width degree is answered when the width dimensions of the depth size in room and floor are adapted, plate stitch width is not preferably less than 40 millis Rice prepares plate stitch reinforcing bar by design when plate stitch is wider than 60 millimeters, and the length of plate people's support is long to should be greater than 70 millimeters to plate, Short plate should be greater than 35 millimeters, and plate must sit in the right seat by design requirement, must not misplace plate number.
6. a kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the step 5 In roof boarding (2) bottom, mould (5) are hung in installation, and pea gravel concreten then is perfused to the gap between every group of roof boarding (2), inserts close It is real, next step construction could be carried out in top surface on some strength to be achieved, microlith is also finally perfused between adjacent fixing piece (1) Concrete improves the fastness of installation.
7. a kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the step 5 After hanging mould perfusion pea gravel concreten, mouth will stay 25-35 mm wide under roofing plate stitch.
8. a kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the step 6 is worked as When prefabricated roof is laid on the gable of building, drill in the gable overlapping of prefabricated roof and building, in hole It is inserted into fixing lock, is connected together by fixed pin and gable.
CN201811174696.4A 2018-10-09 2018-10-09 A kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof CN109252681A (en)

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CN201811174696.4A CN109252681A (en) 2018-10-09 2018-10-09 A kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811174696.4A CN109252681A (en) 2018-10-09 2018-10-09 A kind of shockproof installation method of prefabricated roof

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CN109252681A true CN109252681A (en) 2019-01-22

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102787651A (en) * 2011-05-20 2012-11-21 天津中金博奥重工机械有限责任公司 Prefabricated plate combined house
CN202925931U (en) * 2012-08-17 2013-05-08 雅致集成房屋股份有限公司 Flat roof lightweight steel construction simply building
CN103243830A (en) * 2012-02-08 2013-08-14 上海奇谋能源技术开发有限公司 Quakeproof installing method of roof prefabricated members
CN104563288A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-04-29 徐曼 Reinforced concrete frame gridding slab prefabricated energy-saving house
CN206873780U (en) * 2017-06-30 2018-01-12 南阳理工学院 A kind of greening building energy saving roofing

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102787651A (en) * 2011-05-20 2012-11-21 天津中金博奥重工机械有限责任公司 Prefabricated plate combined house
CN103243830A (en) * 2012-02-08 2013-08-14 上海奇谋能源技术开发有限公司 Quakeproof installing method of roof prefabricated members
CN202925931U (en) * 2012-08-17 2013-05-08 雅致集成房屋股份有限公司 Flat roof lightweight steel construction simply building
CN104563288A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-04-29 徐曼 Reinforced concrete frame gridding slab prefabricated energy-saving house
CN206873780U (en) * 2017-06-30 2018-01-12 南阳理工学院 A kind of greening building energy saving roofing

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