CN109250466B - Stacking device - Google Patents

Stacking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109250466B
CN109250466B CN201810973222.XA CN201810973222A CN109250466B CN 109250466 B CN109250466 B CN 109250466B CN 201810973222 A CN201810973222 A CN 201810973222A CN 109250466 B CN109250466 B CN 109250466B
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Prior art keywords
plate
receiving
rod
frame
horizontal
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CN201810973222.XA
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CN109250466A (en
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王步熬
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王步熬
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Publication of CN109250466A publication Critical patent/CN109250466A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/02Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors
    • B65G47/04Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles
    • B65G47/12Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles
    • B65G47/14Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles arranging or orientating the articles by mechanical or pneumatic means during feeding
    • B65G47/1407Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles arranging or orientating the articles by mechanical or pneumatic means during feeding the articles being fed from a container, e.g. a bowl
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B13/00Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
    • B07B13/04Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices according to size
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B17/00Chain saws; Equipment therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B25/00Feeding devices for timber in saw mills or sawing machines; Feeding devices for trees
    • B27B25/04Feeding devices for timber in saw mills or sawing machines; Feeding devices for trees with feed chains or belts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B29/00Gripping, clamping, or holding devices for the trunk or log in saw mills or sawing machines; Travelling trunk or log carriages
    • B27B29/02Clamping angles; Gripping equipment thereon
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B31/00Arrangements for conveying, loading, turning, adjusting, or discharging the log or timber, specially designed for saw mills or sawing machines
    • B27B31/02Loading equipment for travelling carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B31/00Arrangements for conveying, loading, turning, adjusting, or discharging the log or timber, specially designed for saw mills or sawing machines
    • B27B31/08Discharging equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27LREMOVING BARK OR VESTIGES OF BRANCHES; SPLITTING WOOD; MANUFACTURE OF VENEER, WOODEN STICKS, WOOD SHAVINGS, WOOD FIBRES OR WOOD POWDER
    • B27L1/00Debarking or removing vestiges of branches from trees or logs; Machines therefor
    • B27L1/005Debarking by non-rotatable tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M1/00Working of wood not provided for in subclasses B27B - B27L, e.g. by stretching
    • B27M1/08Working of wood not provided for in subclasses B27B - B27L, e.g. by stretching by multi-step processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/20Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface comprising load-carriers suspended from overhead traction chains
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/30Details; Auxiliary devices
    • B65G17/46Means for holding or retaining the loads in fixed position on the load-carriers, e.g. magnetic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G21/00Supporting or protective framework or housings for endless load-carriers or traction elements of belt or chain conveyors
    • B65G21/20Means incorporated in, or attached to, framework or housings for guiding load-carriers, traction elements or loads supported on moving surfaces
    • B65G21/2045Mechanical means for guiding or retaining the load on the load-carrying surface
    • B65G21/2063Mechanical means for guiding or retaining the load on the load-carrying surface comprising elements not movable in the direction of load-transport
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/52Devices for transferring articles or materials between conveyors i.e. discharging or feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/82Rotary or reciprocating members for direct action on articles or materials, e.g. pushers, rakes, shovels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/16Stacking of articles of particular shape
    • B65G57/20Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical
    • B65G57/22Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical in layers each of predetermined arrangement
    • B65G57/26Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical in layers each of predetermined arrangement the arrangement providing for spaces between the articles

Abstract

The invention relates to a stacking device, which comprises a first conveying crawler arranged at the outlet position of a peeling device, wherein a second conveying crawler is arranged below the discharge end of the first conveying crawler, a material receiving inclined plate is arranged at the discharge hole of the second conveying crawler, a material receiving cross rod is arranged at the lower end of the material receiving inclined plate, a segment material receiving mechanism is arranged beside the material receiving cross rod and is used for receiving segments arranged on the material receiving cross rod and transferring the segments to the position of a material receiving frame, the segments are guided out through the first conveying crawler after being peeled by the peeling device at each stage and are guided to the position of the material receiving inclined plate by the second conveying crawler, the segments slide onto the material receiving cross rod through the material receiving inclined plate to be stacked in a single row, and after the segments are fully arranged on the material receiving cross rod, the segment material receiving mechanism is started to carry out receiving of the segments on the material receiving cross rod and transfer to the position of the material receiving frame to realize stacking, and after the material receiving frame is fully arranged in the sections, the material receiving frame is transferred to a drying room to be dried naturally, and then the usable planting base wood can be obtained.

Description

Stacking device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of Chinese herbal medicine planting, in particular to a stacking device.
Background
Poria is a dried sclerotium of Poria cocos (a fungus of Polyporaceae), and as a medicinal material, Poria cocos (a fungus) has sweet, light and neutral taste, and has effects of promoting diuresis, eliminating dampness, invigorating spleen, regulating stomach, calming heart and tranquilizing mind. When the poria cocos is actually cultivated, cut-log, stump and pine needle cultivation is selected, medium-age pine trees with the diameter of 10-45cm are selected as main cultivation, bark with the width of 3cm is longitudinally cut at intervals of 3-7cm after felling, the bark is deep into the xylem for 0.5cm, the bark is commonly called as barking and tendon retaining, when the fracture of the pine tree stops to remove fat, when knocking sound, the pine tree is sawn into segments with the length of 65-85cm, the segments are ventilated to the sun, and the segments are stacked for later use according to the shape of a Chinese character jing. Selecting a gentle slope land which is leeward and exposed to the sun and slightly acid and slightly sand, digging a cellar with the diameter of 90cm and the depth of 50-65cm, wherein the distance between the cellar and the upper and lower portions is 33cm, the distance between the cellar and the left and right portions is 17cm, and digging drainage ditches at the periphery. Taking 3-5 wood segments, matching the wood segments in thickness, and placing the wood segments in the cellar layer by layer.
The strain is also called as starter, and comprises three kinds of hypha primer, meat primer and wood primer, the hypha primer is used for multiple purposes, pure strain is separated from sclerotium tissue by using PDA culture medium, the culture medium of cultivated species is prepared by using 76% of pine wood dust, 22% of bran, 1% of gypsum and sucrose respectively, the water content is 65%, the pure strain is filled into a wide-mouth bottle, the pure strain is inoculated after sterilization, the strain is cultured for half a month at the temperature of 25-28 ℃, the bottle is turned over to culture for half a month at the temperature of 22-24 ℃, the hypha primer is obtained, and the fresh sclerotium is picked up and dug up in the half a month before inoculation for the meat. The guiding wood is that selecting a top non-joint barrel wood with the diameter of 4-10cm two months before inoculation, sawing a wood section with the length of 50cm, stacking every 5 roots in a stack, attaching 250g of fresh sclerotium to the position, close to the bark, of the wood section, covering soil for 3cm, and growing hypha over the barrel wood for about 60 days. Inoculating in 3-4 months in early spring, inoculating with mycelium, preferably in sunny days, sharpening fine wood in the cellar, inserting into a cultivation bottle, making thick wood lean against the periphery, and covering soil with thickness of 3 cm. When inoculating the meat, cutting the poria seeds with a knife, and sticking the poria flesh face to the upper end section or side face of the simplified material with the poria peel facing outwards. Sawing the wood guide into 5-6cm long, leaning against the upper end section of the charging barrel or sawing the wood guide into two or three sections, clamping the two or three sections in the middle of the charging barrel, sawing or cutting small openings on pine segments, implanting the expanded fragments full of Poria cocos hypha on the pine segments, covering the pine segments or dried pine slices with clean upper parts after implantation, covering soil, keeping the temperature of the soil at 20-30 ℃ and the water content at 20-40%, and performing later management.
During above-mentioned basic wood processing, at first saw into the subsection with pine log, then utilize the planer tool to dig out the bark along the length direction of pine subsection, stretch into the xylem to dig out many barks along the circumferential direction of pine subsection respectively, make adjacent dig leave the skin of certain width between the layer, above-mentioned operation is mostly manual operation, thereby lead to machining efficiency very low, very not suitable for planting on a large scale of indian bread medicinal material and promote.
In order to solve the technical problems, the applicant filed a patent application named as a Chinese medicinal material planting base wood processing system on the same day, the system can solve the problem that the efficiency of manually processing base wood is low, in the processing system, after the sections are subjected to skin planing operation, the sections subjected to skin planing need to be stacked and stacked in a # -shape for standby, and the stacked sections are placed in a ventilation position facing the sun.
Disclosure of Invention
The purpose of the invention is: the utility model provides a pile up neatly device can conveniently realize the pile up neatly operation to the festival section behind the plane skin.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
pile up neatly device, including setting up the first conveyor belt at the device exit position of peeling off, first conveyor belt area level just leads the direction parallel with the material of peeling off the device, the discharge end below of first conveyor belt is provided with the second and carries the track, the second conveyor belt area level just is perpendicular with first conveyor belt, the discharge gate of second conveyor belt is provided with connects the material swash plate, the low side that connects the material swash plate is provided with connects the material horizontal pole, connect material horizontal pole length direction level and carry track length direction parallel with the second, it is provided with segment receiving mechanism to connect material horizontal pole side, segment receiving mechanism is used for accepting the segment that connects to arrange on the material horizontal pole and shifts to connecing material frame position department.
The invention also has the following features:
the segment receiving mechanism comprises a hanging conveying line, hanging devices are arranged at intervals in the circulating conveying direction of the hanging conveying line and comprise hanging rods, the lower ends of the hanging rods are arranged to be T-shaped, the hanging rods are inserted into sliding tubes, the upper ends of the sliding tubes are arranged to be closed-up structures, springs are sleeved on the hanging rods, the two ends of each spring are connected with the lower ends of the hanging rods and the upper ends of the sliding tubes respectively, a cross beam is arranged at the lower end of each sliding tube, material supporting frames are arranged below the two ends of the cross beam and are L-shaped, one end of each material supporting frame is vertical and connected with the lower end of the cross beam, the other end of each material supporting frame extends horizontally, a first limiting plate and a second limiting plate are arranged below the hanging conveying line, the length direction of the first limiting plate extends along the conveying direction of the hanging conveying line, and the outer wall of each sliding tube is rotatably provided, The second gyro wheel, the last wheel face of first gyro wheel supports with the lower plate face of first limiting plate and supports, the last wheel face of second gyro wheel supports with the lower plate face of second limiting plate and supports, first, second limiting plate all include guide section and horizontal segment, connect the material frame to set up the front end below position at the second limiting plate, first limiting plate sets up the side of connecing the material horizontal pole.
The material receiving device is characterized in that a blocking plate is hinged to the rod end of the material receiving cross rod, a hinge shaft of the blocking plate is parallel to the length direction of the material receiving cross rod, an inclined plane is arranged at the lower end of the blocking plate, an unloading lug is arranged at the end of the material supporting frame, the material supporting frame is located on the inner sides of the two material receiving cross rods and is located below the two material receiving cross rods when moving to the side positions of the material receiving cross rods.
The inner side face of the material supporting frame is hinged to form a clamping bracket, a hinge shaft of the clamping bracket is horizontal and perpendicular to the length direction of the clamping bracket, a supporting plate is arranged below one end of the material supporting frame, one end of the clamping bracket abuts against or is separated from an upper plate face of the supporting plate, one end of the clamping bracket extends upwards and is provided with a clamping ball head, and the other end of the clamping bracket extends horizontally and is higher than the upper plate face of the material supporting frame.
The automatic unloading device is characterized in that a third roller is arranged on the lower plate surface of the material supporting frame, two unloading sliding plates are further arranged below the hanging conveying line, the width of the outer sides of the two unloading sliding plates is smaller than the width of the inner side of the material supporting frame, an unloading belt is arranged between the two unloading sliding plates, the belt surface of the unloading belt is horizontal and parallel to the length direction of the unloading sliding plates, a fixed frame of the unloading belt is connected with the unloading sliding plates, reset sliding rods are arranged below the two ends of the unloading sliding plates, the lower ends of the reset sliding rods are arranged on frame plates in a sliding mode, supporting springs are sleeved on the reset sliding rods, the upper ends and the lower ends of the supporting springs are respectively abutted against the unloading sliding plates and the frame plates, a fourth roller is arranged below the front end of the material supporting frame, an inclined surface is arranged on the side of the unloading.
The discharging device is characterized in that a supporting platform is arranged below the discharging end of the discharging sliding plate, a rotating mechanism is arranged below the supporting platform, the rotating mechanism drives the supporting platform to be in a 90-degree rotating and resetting state, the rotating mechanism is arranged on a horizontal sliding mechanism, and the horizontal sliding mechanism drives the supporting platform to move in the horizontal direction.
The invention also discloses a Chinese medicinal material planting base wood processing system which comprises the stacking device.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the technical effects that: after the skin is planed through the skin device of planing at each grade place to the festival section, derive through first conveyor track, the length direction level of the festival section this moment is led and is sent to on the second conveyor track, the second conveyor track is derived the festival section to connecing material swash plate position department, and by connecing material swash plate landing to connecing the material horizontal pole on, carry out the single row and put things in good order, after connecing to put full the festival section on the material horizontal pole, start the festival section receiving mechanism, thereby implement to connecing the accepting of the festival section on the material horizontal pole, and transport to connecing material frame position department, in order putting of the festival section, after connecing the material frame to put full the festival section and transport to airing room in air naturally, can obtain usable planting base wood.
Drawings
Fig. 1 and fig. 2 are schematic views of two viewing angle structures of a log feeding device, a log distributing and guiding device, a cutting device, a distributing device and a peeling device in a Chinese medicinal material planting base wood processing system;
fig. 3 and 4 are schematic diagrams of two visual structures of a log feeding device and a log distributing and guiding device in a Chinese medicinal material planting-based wood processing system;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a log feeding device in a system for processing Chinese medicinal plant planting base logs;
FIG. 6 is a schematic plan view of a log feeding device in a system for processing a log of planted traditional Chinese medicinal materials;
FIGS. 7 and 8 are schematic views of the log feeding device and the segmenting device in the processing system for Chinese herbal medicine planting base logs;
fig. 9 and fig. 10 are schematic diagrams of two view structures of the distributing device in the Chinese herbal medicine planting-based wood processing system;
FIG. 11 is a schematic plan view of a distribution device in a system for processing Chinese medicinal material planted base wood;
fig. 12 and 13 are schematic views of two viewing angle structures of a peeling device in a Chinese medicinal material planting base wood processing system;
FIG. 14 is a schematic plan view of a peeling device in a system for processing a wood base for planting Chinese herbs;
fig. 15 and 16 are schematic diagrams of two view structures of a single peeling device in a Chinese medicinal material planting-based wood processing system;
fig. 17 and 18 are schematic structural diagrams of two viewing angles of a single peeling device in a Chinese medicinal material planting base wood processing system after a material guide pipe and a core fixing mechanism are removed;
FIG. 19 is a schematic view of a single peeling device in a Chinese herbal medicine planting-based wood processing system after the peeling knife rest is removed;
FIGS. 20 and 21 are schematic views of a single peeling device in a Chinese herbal medicine planting-based wood processing system in two views;
FIG. 22 is a front view of a portion of a single peeling device in a system for processing a planted base wood of a herbal material;
fig. 23 and 24 are schematic diagrams of two view structures of a stacking device in a Chinese herbal medicine planting-based wood processing system;
fig. 25 and 26 are two view structure diagrams of the part structure of the stacking device in the Chinese herbal medicine planting-based wood processing system;
fig. 27 and 28 are schematic structural diagrams of two visual angles of the material receiving cross bar and the hanger in the stacking device;
FIG. 29 is a schematic view of the arrangement of the two discharge slides in cooperation with the discharge belt in the palletizing device;
fig. 30 and fig. 31 are schematic views of two viewing angle structures of the material receiving frame;
fig. 32 is a schematic view of three states of a pine segment.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further explained with reference to fig. 1 to 32:
in order that the objects and advantages of the invention will be more clearly understood, the invention will now be described in detail with reference to the following examples. It is to be understood that the following text is merely illustrative of one or more specific embodiments of the invention and does not strictly limit the scope of the invention as specifically claimed.
As used herein, the terms "parallel" and "perpendicular" are not limited to their strict geometric definitions, but include tolerances for machining or human error, reasonable and inconsistent.
The stacking device is explained in detail by combining the whole Chinese medicinal material planting base wood processing system as follows:
the specific characteristics of the Chinese medicinal material planting base wood processing system are explained in detail as follows:
the processing system for the Chinese herbal medicine planting base wood comprises a log feeding device 10, wherein pine logs are horizontally guided out to a cutting device 20 by the log feeding device 10 according to the length direction, the cutting device 20 is used for cutting the pine logs into equal-length sections, an outlet of the cutting device 20 is connected with a feed inlet of a material distribution device 30, the material distribution device 30 is used for distributing the cut sections according to the diameter size, a plurality of discharge outlets are formed in the material distribution device 30, the discharge outlets of the material distribution device 30 are connected with the feed inlet of a peeling device 40, the discharge outlet of the peeling device 40 is connected with the feed inlet of a stacking device 60, and the stacking device 60 is used for stacking the sections guided out by the peeling device;
referring to fig. 1, 2, 23, 24 and 32, when pine logs are actually selected, untwisted pine logs are removed, straightened pine logs are retained to ensure that spores of poria cocos are conveniently cultivated on cut surfaces, straightened pine logs are fed into a log feeding device 10 and are guided out to a segmenting device 20 according to a horizontal posture in a length direction, the logs are segmented by the segmenting device 20, the logs are cut into equal-length segments, the segmented segments are divided according to a diameter size by the dividing device 30 to be divided into a plurality of grades, a discharge port of the dividing device 30 is provided with a peeling device 40, the peeling operation of the segments is performed by the peeling device 40 to perform the peeling operation of the segments, the peeled segments are stacked by the stacking device 60, the stacked segments are naturally dried, the planting base wood of the poria cocos can be obtained in a large scale, and therefore the processing efficiency of the base wood can be improved by using the processing system.
In order to ensure that the pine logs can be horizontally guided into the cutting device 20 for cutting operation, the discharge port of the log feeding device 10 is connected with the feed port of the log distributing and guiding device 50, and the log distributing and guiding device 50 is used for guiding the logs into the feed port of the cutting device 20 according to the horizontal posture in the length direction;
as shown in fig. 1 to 8, the log of pine can be lifted into the log feeding device 10 by the gantry crane, the log feeding device 10 guides the log to the log distributing and guiding device 50, and the log distributing and guiding device 50 guides the single horizontal posture of the log to the cutting device 20 for cutting.
Further, the log feeding device 10 comprises a stock shelf 11, a plurality of rows of material guiding rollers 12 arranged in parallel at intervals are arranged at the bottom of the stock shelf 11, the length direction of the material guiding rollers 12 is horizontal, the material guiding rollers 12 rotate in the same direction, two rows of discharging slide bars 13 are arranged at the discharging end of the material guiding rollers 12, the discharging slide bars 13 are arranged in an inclined manner, and the lower ends of the discharging slide bars 13 are connected with the feeding hole of the log splitting and guiding device 50;
utilize the portal crane to make the pine log according to length direction level and gesture parallel to each other put in to stock frame 11, start the power unit of guide roller 12, make the pine log stacked together move gradually along guide roller 12 on, thereby derive the log from stock frame 11 on single two rows of row material slide bars 13, utilize two rows of row material slide bars 13 that the slope was arranged, make the log can be derived to the log branch material from the low end and lead in the send device 50, thereby convenient implementation divides the material according to single to the log, and derive and carry out the dissection operation to in the dissection device 20.
Further, as shown in fig. 3 to 6, a material guiding wedge 121 is disposed on the roller body of the material guiding roller 12, the cross section of the material guiding wedge 121 is trapezoidal, an included angle is formed between the length direction of the material guiding wedge 121 and the length direction of the material guiding roller 12, a plurality of material guiding wedges 121 are disposed at intervals along the circumferential direction of the material guiding roller 12, a plurality of rows of material guiding rollers 12 are disposed adjacently, connecting lines of roller cores are disposed obliquely, and the high end of the material discharging slide bar 13 is disposed at a position below the roller body of the material guiding roller 12 at the low end position;
in order to realize the material distribution of the logs on the material storage rack 11, the logs can be driven by the material guide wedge blocks 121 on the roller bodies of the material guide rollers 12, the friction force between the material guide rollers 12 and the roller bodies of the logs is increased, so that the logs are in a rolling posture and move along the roller bodies of the material guide rollers 12 until the logs move to the material guide rollers 12 at the lower end positions and are guided out on the material discharge slide rods 13;
in order to enable the pine logs to be positioned on the guide roller 12 to present a rotating posture, a roller body of the guide roller 12 is sleeved with a plurality of groups of supporting rolling rings 122 at intervals along the length direction of the guide roller 12, and the end surface of the guide wedge 121 protrudes out of the outer ring surface of the supporting rolling rings 122;
referring to fig. 3 to 6, the power mechanism drives the guide roller 12 to rotate, so that the guide wedges 121 pull the pine logs to rotate, the pine logs are arranged along the length direction of the guide roller 12, and the pine logs are moved, the end surfaces of the guide wedges 121 protrude out of the outer ring surface of the support rolling ring 122, so that the end surfaces of the guide wedges 121 can contact with the surfaces of the logs, and the logs roll on the support rolling ring 122, so that the logs are pulled, and the logs close to the position of the lower guide roller 12 are led out one by one from the discharge port, and are led out into the log distribution guide device 50 to be distributed;
further, as shown in fig. 3 and 6, a material blocking transverse plate 14 is arranged above the roller body of the material guiding roller 12 at the lower end position, the plate surface of the material blocking transverse plate 14 is vertical, a cross rod 15 is arranged at the lower end of the material blocking transverse plate 14, the length direction of the cross rod 15 is parallel to the length direction of the material guiding roller 12, two ends of the cross rod 15 are sleeved with return torsion springs 16, two ends of each return torsion spring 16 are respectively connected with the material blocking transverse plate 14 and the cross rod 15, a plurality of baffle plates 151 are arranged on the cross rod 15 at equal intervals, and the lower ends of the baffle plates 151 extend vertically and downwardly;
the material blocking transverse plate 14 blocks most of logs, the baffle plates 151 arranged on the cross bar 15 below the material blocking transverse plate are matched to block single logs at equal intervals, the reset torsion springs 16 are sleeved on the cross bar 15, and under the action of the rotating force of the material guiding rollers 12, the logs overcome the elasticity of the reset torsion springs 16, so that the single logs can be guided to the two rows of discharging slide bars 13, single discharging of the logs is realized, the logs are prevented from being extruded together and guided out to the discharging slide bars 13 from an opening below the material blocking transverse plate 14, and single material guiding of the logs can also be realized;
the guide rollers 12 are intermittently rotated, so that excessive logs are prevented from being guided out of the discharge slide bars 13, and the subsequent cutting operation can be adapted to.
Further, as shown in connection with fig. 3-5, to avoid logs from freely sliding off the discharge chute 13, a material baffle plate 17 is arranged between the lower ends of the two rows of discharging slide bars 13, the length direction of the material baffle plate 17 is horizontal and vertical to the discharging slide bars 13, two sides of the striker plate 17 are provided with connecting brackets 171, the connecting brackets 171 extend along the length direction of the discharging slide bar 13, a supporting cross bar 172 is arranged on the connecting bracket 171, the supporting cross bar 172 is horizontal and vertical to the discharging slide bar 13, the supporting cross bar 172 is rotatably disposed at the lower end of the discharging sliding rod 13, one end of the supporting cross bar 172 is provided with an extending support 173, the extending bracket 173 is L-shaped, one end of the extending bracket 173 extends along the length direction of the striker plate 17, and a shift lever 174 extends vertically and upwardly from one end of the extending bracket 173;
under the action of the gravity of the extension bracket 173, one end of the striker plate 17 is in a high position state, so that the striker plate 17 can be used for blocking logs, and the logs are prevented from sliding out of the discharge slide bar 13;
specifically, as shown in fig. 5, the log splitting and guiding device 50 includes two sets of parallel and spaced splitting and conveying chains 51, the conveying directions of the two sets of splitting and conveying chains 51 are horizontal and are arranged below the lower ends of the two rows of discharging sliders 13, the splitting and conveying chains 51 are respectively provided with a log clamping groove plate 511 for clamping logs, the groove length direction of the log clamping groove plate 511 is horizontal and is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the splitting and conveying chains 51, one side of the log clamping groove plate 511 is provided with a driving rod 512, the length direction of the driving rod 512 is horizontal and is abutted against or separated from the shift lever 174, when the driving rod 512 is abutted against the shift lever 174, the upper plate surface of the blocking plate 17 is lower than the rod body at the lower end position of the discharging slider 13, and when the driving rod 512 is separated from the shift lever 174, the upper plate surface of the blocking plate 17 is higher than the rod body at the lower end;
the extension bracket 173 is under the action of self gravity, so that one end of the material baffle plate 17 is in a high-position state, the material distribution transmission chain 51 is driven, the driving rod 512 arranged on one side of the material clamping groove plate 511 is abutted to the shifting rod 174, the upper plate surface of the material baffle plate 17 is lower than the rod body at the lower end position of the material discharge slide bar 13, logs fall into the material clamping groove plate 511 under the action of self gravity, when the driving rod 512 is separated from the shifting rod 174, the upper plate surface of the material baffle plate 17 is higher than the rod body at the lower end position of the material discharge slide bar 13, the blocking of the logs is realized, the logs are prevented from falling from the material discharge slide bar, the driving rod 512 and the shifting rod 174 of the adjacent material clamping groove plate 511 are abutted to realize the distribution of the next.
Specifically, a plurality of groups of the material blocking slot plates 511 are arranged at equal intervals along the circulation direction of the material distribution transmission chain 51, a plurality of groups of guide chains 52 are arranged at a notch at one end of the material blocking slot plates 511, the guide directions of the plurality of groups of guide chains 52 are horizontal and perpendicular to the circulation direction of the material distribution transmission chain 51, the cutting device 20 is arranged at the position of the guide directions of the plurality of groups of guide chains 52, and a material pushing mechanism is arranged at a notch at the other end of the material blocking slot plates 511 and used for pushing the logs in the material blocking slot plates 511 to the guide chains 52;
pushing out the notch at the other end of the log clamping groove plate 511 onto a guide chain 52 by using a material pushing mechanism, and guiding and conveying the logs by using the guide chain 52, wherein the logs are positioned on the guide chain 52 and guided into the log cutting device 20 according to the horizontal posture of the length direction of the logs, so that the log cutting operation is realized;
further, as shown in fig. 1 to 4, 7 and 8, two sides of the guide and feed chain 52 are provided with supporting guide plates 53, the supporting guide plates 53 are in an "eight" shape, the supporting guide plates 53 are slidably disposed on two cross bars 54, the two cross bars 54 are parallel along the length direction and perpendicular to the conveying direction of the guide and feed chain 52, the two cross bars 54 are sleeved with limiting sleeves 55, two ends of each limiting sleeve 55 are respectively abutted against the supporting guide plates 53, two ends of each cross bar 54 are provided with limiting plates 541, two ends of each cross bar 54 are respectively sleeved with return springs 542, and two ends of each return spring 542 are respectively abutted against the supporting guide plates 53 and the limiting plates 541;
when the logs are positioned on the guide chain 52 for guiding, the supporting guide plates 53 form a log guide channel, the supporting guide plates 53 are respectively arranged on the cross bars 54 in a sliding manner, the elastic abutting of the supporting guide plates 53 is implemented by using the return springs 542, the spacing between the supporting guide plates 53 is implemented by using the spacing sleeves 55, when the logs are positioned on the guide chain 52 for guiding, the two supporting guide plates 53 can effectively avoid the logs from being deviated, so that the logs can be accurately guided, the logs are prevented from falling off from the guide chain 52, the logs can be guided into the sectioning device 20 in a posture parallel to the length direction of the guide chain 52 for sectioning, and the section of the sections is ensured to be vertical to the length direction of the logs.
Further, as shown in fig. 3 and 4, the pushing mechanism is a pushing plate 56 disposed at a notch at one end of the material clamping groove plate 511, a plate surface of the pushing plate 56 is vertical, a shovel plate 561 is disposed at a lower end of the pushing plate 56, the shovel plate 561 extends toward the notch at one end of the material clamping groove plate 511, an inclined surface is disposed on the shovel plate 561, an extending end of the shovel plate 561 is a lower end, the pushing plate 56 is connected with a piston rod of a pushing cylinder 57, the piston rod of the pushing cylinder 57 is horizontal, an output end of the guiding and conveying chain 52 is provided with an eccentric roller 521, a roller core of the eccentric roller 521 is horizontal and perpendicular to a conveying direction of the guiding and conveying chain 52, and the driving mechanism drives the eccentric roller 521 to rotate and a roller body is higher or lower than a supporting surface of the guiding and conveying chain;
in order to improve the efficiency of log cutting, a plurality of groups are arranged in parallel at intervals on the guide and feed chain 52, a plurality of groups are arranged in parallel at intervals on the push plate 56 of the pushing mechanism at the notch at one end of the material clamping groove plate 511, when the distribution and transport chain 51 rotates, after logs in the material clamping groove plate 511 on the distribution and transport chain 51 are arranged, the material clamping groove plate 511 on the distribution and transport chain 51 corresponds to the position of the feed inlet of the guide and feed chain 52, the pushing oil cylinder 57 is started to push one end of the logs, so that one end of the logs is guided to the guide and feed chain 52 in a flush posture, when the guide and feed chain 52 is started, the logs are guided to the cutting device 20 to be cut, because the length directions of the logs are different, one end of the logs is guided to the cutting device 20 in a flush posture, and the lengths of the other ends of a plurality of logs are uneven, the cutting positions of the cutting device 20 are relatively fixed, the guide chain 52 is started in an intermittent design, and the starting time and the speed of the guide chain 52 are set in advance, so that the length of the log guided out by the guide chain 52 is constant, the longer position of one end of the log is firstly cut into sections, the shorter length of the cut log possibly has a certain deviation with the designed length, can be removed naturally, can be reserved, does not influence the processing efficiency of the whole system, and the length of the section at the tail end position of the log can completely meet the preset requirement along with the pushing of the guide chain 52;
in the process that the push plate 56 pushes towards the notch at one end of the log-blocking groove plate 511, the lower end of the inclined plane of the shovel plate 561 is positioned below one end of the log, so that the log is lifted, the log is separated from the log-blocking groove plate 511 on the material-dividing conveying chain 51, the friction force between the log and the log-blocking groove plate 511 is reduced, the log is guided to the guide chain 52, and the log is guided;
when the logs are guided on the guide chain 52, when the logs are guided out from the guide end of the guide chain 52, the eccentric roller 521 rotates, so that the logs are lifted intermittently, and effective guide of the logs is realized, one end of the eccentric roller 521 is connected with the driving roller at one end of the guide chain 52 through a belt, so that the rotating speed of the guide chain 52 is the same as that of the eccentric roller 521, and when the logs are lifted, the logs are guided, and the logs are cut into sections conveniently.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 7 and 8, the cutting device 20 includes a chain saw 21 disposed at the discharge end of the guide chain 52, the chain saw 21 has a length direction perpendicular to the discharge end of the guide chain 52, a pressing mechanism is further disposed above the discharge end of the guide chain 52, and the chain saw 21 moves up and down to perform the actions of decompressing and pressing the logs corresponding to the pressing mechanism;
the chain saw 21 is connected with the lifting mechanism, the power mechanism drives the chain saw 21 to rotate, when the lifting mechanism descends, the power mechanism drives the chain saw to cut logs at the guiding end of the guiding and conveying chain 52, when the lifting mechanism ascends, the power mechanism is closed, when the chain saw 21 cuts logs, the pressing mechanism presses the logs, so that the logs can be effectively positioned, and the phenomenon that when the chain saw 21 cuts the logs, the logs are deflected to cause uneven cutting positions of the logs is avoided.
As shown in fig. 7 and 8, the pressing mechanism includes a cross beam 22 disposed above the discharge end of the guide chain 52, a pressing slide rod 23 is vertically disposed on the cross beam 22, a pressing block 24 is disposed at the lower end of the pressing slide rod 23, a pressing spring 25 is sleeved on a rod body of the pressing slide rod 23 extending out of the cross beam 22, the upper end and the lower end of the pressing spring 25 are respectively abutted against the upper end of the pressing slide rod 23 and the upper plate surface of the cross beam 22, a limit ring 231 is disposed at the lower end of the pressing slide rod 23, the upper end surface of the limit ring 231 is abutted against or separated from the lower plate surface of the cross beam 22, and the chain saw 21 and the cross;
when the lifting mechanism drives the chain saw 21 and the cross beam 22 to move downwards, the pressing block 24 presses the upper surface of the log, when the lifting mechanism drives the chain saw 21 and the cross beam 22 to continue to move downwards, the pressing spring 25 is compressed, so that the requirements of pressing logs with different diameters can be met, the logs with different diameters can be positioned, and when the lifting mechanism drives the chain saw 21 and the cross beam 22 to continue to move downwards, the logs can be cut.
The material distributing device 30 comprises a material receiving crawler 31 arranged below the front of the leading-out end of a guiding and conveying chain 52, the length direction of the material receiving crawler 31 is horizontal and is vertical to the conveying direction of the guiding and conveying chain 52, material receiving grooves 311 are arranged in the circumferential direction of the material receiving crawler 31 at equal intervals, the conveying direction of the material receiving grooves 311 is parallel to that of the guiding and conveying chain 52, a material driving mechanism is arranged at the leading-out end of the material receiving crawler 31 and is used for pushing pine segments in the material receiving grooves 311 into a grading mechanism, the grading mechanism is used for grading pine according to the diameter of the pine, and the outlet of the grading mechanism is connected with the feed inlet of the bark planing device 40;
after the log is cut into sections by the cutting device 20, the sections are clamped in the receiving groove 311 of the receiving crawler 31, the receiving crawler 31 also performs intermittent rotation, and the rotation is consistent with the rotation of the guide and feed chain 52 and the distribution and transmission chain 51, so that the log is cut into sections and then guided and fed;
the distance between the receiving crawler 31 and the guide chain 52 is slightly smaller than the length of a standard segment, and when the guide chain 52 continues to drive logs to move, segments with shorter lengths can directly fall from the gap between the receiving crawler 31 and the guide chain 52, and segments with insufficient lengths can be directly removed;
when the logs are nearly cut completely, when the last log section longer than the standard section length is continuously guided into the receiving groove 311 of the receiving caterpillar 31, one end of the log is lapped at the leading-out end position of the guide chain 52, the log cutting device 20 is started to carry out the log cutting operation, and the rest short logs are continuously guided by the guide chain 52 and fall down from the gap between the guide chain 52 and the receiving caterpillar 31;
because the thickness of the bark of the log section is related to the diameter, in order to improve the accuracy of the bark peeling position of the log section, the pine sections in the receiving groove 311 are pushed into the grading mechanism by the material pushing mechanism, so that the pine sections can be graded according to the diameter, the subsequent bark peeling operation of the pine sections by the bark peeling device 40 is facilitated, and the bark of the log section and a part of wood cores can be peeled;
the opening of foretell material driving mechanism stops opposite with opening of connecing material track 31 and stopping, when connecing material track 31 to start, and material driving mechanism stops, when connecing material track 31 to derive the section to the discharge gate position, connects material track 31 to stop, and material driving mechanism starts to in will connecing the pine section propelling movement to the grader in the silo 311, the section leading-in of after the classification is planed the skin operation in planing skin device 40.
Further, as shown in fig. 9 to 11, the material driving mechanism includes a material driving crawler 32 disposed above the notch of the material receiving slot 311, the length direction of the material driving crawler 32 is horizontal and perpendicular to the guiding direction of the guiding chain 52, a plurality of material driving plates 321 are disposed on the material driving crawler 32, the plurality of material driving plates 321 are disposed at intervals along the circumferential direction of the material driving crawler 32, the grading mechanism includes two grading rollers 33 disposed below the material driving crawler 32, the two grading rollers 33 are disposed at intervals in parallel and parallel to the material driving crawler 32, the two grading rollers 33 are disposed at intervals along the vertical direction, the interval between the two grading rollers 33 from top to bottom gradually decreases, and the rotating mechanism drives the two grading rollers 33 to rotate in the opposite direction;
starting the material driving crawler belt 32, guiding the pine segments in the material receiving groove 311 to the two grading rollers 33 by using the material driving plate 321, wherein the pine segments with smaller diameters fall off from the two grading rollers 33 by using a plurality of groups of two grading rollers 33 arranged in the vertical direction, and finally fall between the two grading rollers 33 with smaller intervals, so that the grading of the segments with different grades is realized;
the rotating mechanism drives the two grading rollers 33 to rotate reversely, the logs between the two grading rollers 33 can conveniently fall between the two grading rollers 33 with smaller space size, so that the logs with larger diameter size stay between the two grading rollers 33 at the upper position, and the logs are led out from the two grading rollers 33 by the material driving crawler belt 32 and the material driving plate 321;
furthermore, the two classification rollers 33 are arranged at intervals in the vertical direction, a material pushing crawler 34 is arranged beside the two classification rollers 33 at the lower position, the rotation axis of the material pushing crawler 34 is vertical and parallel to the length direction of the material driving crawler 32, and material pushing plates 341 are arranged at equal intervals in the circumferential direction of the material pushing crawler 34;
as shown in fig. 11, the segments having a smaller diameter drop onto the two classifying rollers 33 at the lower position, and the segments having a smaller diameter continue to drop from the two classifying rollers 33 at the lower position, so that the segments are classified at three stages, and the segments on the two classifying rollers 33 at the lower position are pushed out by the pusher crawler 34.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 11, two ends of the two classifying rollers 33 are rotatably disposed on a support base 331, a sliding rod 332 is disposed on the support base 331, the length direction of the sliding rod 332 is horizontal and perpendicular to the length direction of the two classifying rollers 33, one end of the sliding rod 332 is slidably disposed on a carriage 333, a support spring 334 is sleeved on the sliding rod 332, and two ends of the support spring 334 respectively abut against the support base 331 and the carriage 333;
the support spring 334 can elastically support the two grading rollers 33, and when the segment with the smaller diameter moves on the two grading rollers 33, the support spring 334 is compressed in the process that the node of the surface of the segment with the smaller diameter abuts against the grading rollers 33, so that the segment with the smaller diameter can smoothly drop down to effectively grade the segment.
Specifically, since the classifying roller 33 is disposed in a floating manner, the rotation of the classifying roller 33 is affected, and for this purpose, the rotating mechanism includes a driven pulley disposed at an end portion of the classifying roller 33, a tension pulley is disposed beside the driven pulley, the driven pulley and the tension pulley are connected to a driving pulley through a belt, and the driving pulley is connected to a driving motor.
Specifically, a material receiving belt 35 is arranged below two grading rollers 33 at the lowest position, a material baffle 36 is arranged outside the two grading rollers 33 at the upper and lower positions, a conveying crawler 37 is arranged at the discharge ends of the two grading rollers 33 at the lower and upper positions and at the outlet end of the material receiving belt 35, the length direction of the conveying crawler 37 is horizontal and perpendicular to the grading rollers 33, conveying grooves 371 are arranged at equal intervals in the circumferential direction of the conveying crawler 37, the length direction of the conveying grooves 371 is horizontal and perpendicular to the conveying crawler 37, and the peeling device 40 is arranged at the outlet position of the conveying crawler 37;
the segments with the minimum size fall onto the material receiving belt 35 and are led out into the conveying groove 371 of the conveying crawler 37, and the segments led out from the two grading rollers 33 at the upper position and the two grading rollers 33 at the lower position are led out into the conveying groove 371 of the conveying crawler 37, so that the segments with different diameter grades are led out;
the striker plate 36 can block the fallen segments to prevent the segments from falling.
The specific structure of the peeling device 40 in the present system will be described in detail with reference to fig. 12 to 22:
the peeling device 40 comprises a first half pipe 411 and a second half pipe 412, the first half pipe 411 and the second half pipe 412 are buckled with each other and form a guide pipe 41 through which a section passes, a pipe core of the guide pipe 41 is horizontal and arranged at the side of the conveying crawler 37, the head ends of the guide pipe 41 close to the conveying crawler 37 are flared ends, a peeling knife rest 42 is arranged at the tail end of the guide pipe 41, the peeling knife rest 42 is in a round pipe shape and is superposed with the pipe core of the guide pipe 41, a peeling blade 43 is arranged on the peeling knife rest 42, a plurality of peeling blades 43 are arranged at intervals along the circumferential direction of the peeling knife rest 42, the length direction of the cutting edge of the peeling blade 43 is vertical to the pipe core of the peeling knife rest 42 and protrudes out of the inner annular surface of the peeling knife rest 42, and a pushing mechanism pushes the section in the conveying groove 371 to pass through the guide pipe 41 and the peeling knife rest 42;
the segments are pushed into the guide tube 41 of the peeling device 40 along the length direction of the conveying groove 371 from the leading-out end position of the conveying crawler 37 by the pushing mechanism, and the head ends of the guide tube 41 and the conveying crawler 37, which are close to each other, are flared ends, so that one ends of the segments with different diameters can be basically ensured to be smoothly guided into the guide tube 41, and when one ends of the segments are led out from the tail end of the guide tube 41, the segments are contacted with the cutting edge of the peeling blade 43, so that peeling operation on the segments is realized;
the above-mentioned peeling blades 43 are provided at intervals in number and position along the circumferential direction of the peeling blade holder 42, the segments with different grades are reasonably arranged according to actual conditions, when the segments with larger diameter sizes are led out, the peeling blades 43 may be arranged at 6 equal intervals along the circumferential direction of the peeling blade holder 42, ensuring that the peeling blades 43 can cut off the wooden part of the pine segment, and the pine segments can retain a band of a certain width, when the segments of a smaller diameter size grade are led out from the peeling blade holder 42, the peeling blades 43 may be provided at 5 equally spaced intervals along the circumferential direction of the peeling blade holder 42, and similarly, when the segment of the smallest rank is led out from the peeling blade holder 42, the peeling blades 43 may be provided at 4 equally spaced intervals along the circumferential direction of the peeling blade holder 42, to ensure that the bark of the different grades of segment is cut open and a certain width of the rubber band is retained, as well as the xylem part to the segment is cut off.
Further, as shown in fig. 15 and 16, the first half pipe 411 and the second half pipe 412 are arranged in the vertical direction, two sides of the buckling position of the first half pipe 411 and the second half pipe 412 are respectively provided with a first limiting plate 413 and a second limiting plate 414, the first limiting plate 413 and the second limiting plate 414 are sleeved with a supporting slide bar 415, the vertical and upper and lower ends of the supporting slide bar 415 are respectively fixed with the frame 44, the upper and lower ends of the supporting slide bar 415 are respectively sleeved with a first spring 416 and a second spring 417, the upper and lower ends of the first spring 416 are respectively abutted against the upper plate surfaces of the frame 44 and the first limiting plate 413, and the peeling knife rest 42 is fixed on the frame 44;
for the reason that the bark thickness of each bark and the width of each bark of the segment are difficult to be ensured due to the large difference of the diameters of the segments with different diameter grades, which is the most critical technical problem for the bark planing of the segment, the guide tube 41 of the present invention adopts two first and second half tubes 411 and 412 in the up-and-down direction, and the first and second half tubes 411 and 412 are elastically supported by the first and second springs 416 and 417, when the first and second half tubes 411 and 412 are naturally combined, the diameter of the guide tube 41 is designed to be as small as possible, so that the inner diameter of the straight tube section of the guide tube 41 is smaller than the minimum size of the segments with different grades, when the segment passes through one end size end of the guide tube 41, the segment causes the first and second half tubes 411 and 412 to compress the first and second springs 416 and 417 to expand, thereby the clasping of the segment can be effectively realized, when the segment passes through the bark planing tool rest 42, the peeling operation of the segments can be implemented by using the peeling blade 43 on the peeling knife rest 42, so that the circle center of the segment and the circle center of the peeling knife rest 42 are led out in the concentric direction, the problem that the central position of the pine segment cannot be found due to the fact that the segments with different diameters are led into the guide tube 41 is solved, the peeling position of the segment can be accurately found, and the accuracy of peeling the segment can be basically ensured.
Further, as shown in fig. 17 and 18, a sheath tube 46 is further fixed to the tail end of the guide tube 41 through a connecting plate 418, the sheath tube 46 includes an upper half tube 461 and a lower half tube 462, the first limiting plate 413 is disposed on the upper half tube 461, and the second limiting plate 414 is disposed on the lower half tube 462;
the guide tube 41 is mainly used for guiding the segments, so that the segments can be smoothly guided into the whole peeling device 40, after the segments are guided into the guide tube 41, the wooden circle center positions of the segments are basically ensured, and the segments are guided into the upper half tube 461 and the lower half tube 462 of the protective sleeve 46 under the action of the pushing force of the pushing mechanism, the tube diameter of the protective sleeve 46 can be set as large as possible, and interference between one end of each segment and the inner wall of the protective sleeve 46 is avoided when the segment is guided along the protective sleeve 46;
the peeling blades 43 are mounted on the upper half tube 461 and the lower half tube 462 of the sheath tube 46, so that the whole peeling blades 43 can be conveniently mounted and fixed.
Further, as shown in fig. 20 and 21, the peeling blade 43 is disposed on a guide sliding plate 45, the guide sliding plate 45 passes through the sheath tube 46 and extends toward the tail of the guide tube 41, the guide sliding plate 45 includes a straight section 451 and a guide arc section 452, the guide arc section 452 extends out of the tube opening end of the guide tube 41, the diameter of the tube core formed by enclosing the guide arc sections 452 is larger than the diameter of the tube core enclosed by the straight section 451, and the peeling blade 43 is fixed on the straight section 451;
the segment is led out from one end of the guide tube 41, and after being led into the protective sleeve 46, the guide arc section 452 of the guide sliding plate 45 can be used for guiding one end of the segment, after being led into the guide arc section 452, the guide segment can smoothly enter a tube cavity enclosed by the straight section 451, and the peeling operation on the end part of the segment is carried out by the peeling blade 43 arranged at the position of the straight section 451;
further, as shown in fig. 16 to 19, a guide rod 453 is disposed on the straight section 451 of the guide sliding plate 45, the guide rod 453 is perpendicular to the plate surface of the straight section 451, a rod end of the guide rod 453 is disposed in a "T" shape and extends out of the outer wall of the peeling knife rest 42, a limiting spring 454 is sleeved on the guide rod 453, and two ends of the limiting spring 454 respectively abut against the inner wall of the peeling knife rest 42 and the upper plate surface of the straight section 451;
the segment is led out from one end of the guide tube 41 and is guided into the sheath tube 46, the guide of one end of the segment can be implemented by using the guide arc section 452 of the guide sliding plate 45, the straight section 451 of the guide sliding plate 45 is provided with the guide rod 453, and the rod end of the guide rod 453 extends out of the outer wall of the peeling knife rest 42 and is sleeved with the limiting spring 454, so that the guide sliding plate 45 is in a close state, when the outer wall of the segment abuts against the inner wall of the guide sliding plate 45, the limiting spring 454 is compressed, so that the straight section 451 on the guide sliding plate 45 can always abut against the outer wall of the segment, the position of the peeling blade 43 can be determined, the peeling operation of the segment can be implemented by using the peeling blade 43, and the accuracy of the peeling operation of the segment can;
the length direction of the peeling blade 43 is perpendicular to the tube length direction of the protective sleeve 46, and the enclosed cutting tube of the peeling blade 43 can cut the bark and the wood part of the pine tree section, so that a rubber band part is reserved;
since the pine is sized according to the diameter, the bark thickness of the pine can be determined according to the diameter, and thus the location of the wood to be cut can be determined according to the diameter of the pine, so that the position of the peeling blade 43 can be adjusted according to actual requirements to ensure that the bark and a part of the wood can be cut.
Further, as shown in fig. 20 to 22, the front end and the rear end of the straight section 451 of the guide sliding plate 45 are respectively provided with a first limiting flat plate 455 and a second limiting flat plate 456, the length directions of the first limiting flat plate 455 and the second limiting flat plate 456 are both parallel to the straight section 451, the front ends of the first limiting flat plate 455 and the second limiting flat plate 456 are respectively provided with a first guiding arc surface 4551 and a second guiding arc surface 4561, the peeling blade 43 is arranged between the first limiting flat plate 455 and the second limiting flat plate 456, the second limiting flat plate 456 is greater than the plate thickness of the first limiting flat plate 455, and the cutting edge of the peeling blade 43 protrudes out of the plate surface of the first limiting flat plate 455 and is flush with the plate surface of the second limiting flat plate 456;
as shown in fig. 22, the first limiting plate 455 abuts against the outer skin of the pine segment, so that the bark peeling accuracy of the cutting edge of the bark peeling blade 43 on the pine segment can be ensured, after the bark peeling blade 43 performs the bark peeling operation on the pine, the plane of the pine segment cut by the bark peeling blade 43 abuts against the plate surface of the second limiting plate 456, so that the sliding guide for the horizontal movement of the bark peeling blade 43 is realized, when the first limiting plate 455 abuts against the pit of the pine, the problem that the bark peeling blade 43 cuts into the wooden part of the segment too deep is easily caused, and the second limiting plate 456 can effectively limit the position of the bark peeling blade 43, so that the bark peeling position accuracy of the segment is further ensured, and the effect of 'peeling and leaving ribs' is achieved;
the front ends of the first and second limiting flat plates 455 and 456 are respectively provided with a first and second guiding cambered surfaces 4551 and 456, so that the guide of the segments can be effectively realized, and the problem of interference of the first and second limiting flat plates 455 and 456 on normal guide of the segments is avoided.
Specifically, an adjusting through hole 4511 is provided on the straight section 451, the barking blade 43 is fixed on an adjusting frame plate 431, a strip-shaped hole is provided on the adjusting frame plate 431, the adjusting frame plate 431 passes through the adjusting through hole 4511, a fastening bolt 432 is provided on the adjusting through hole 4511, the fastening bolt 432 is fixed with the adjusting frame plate 431, a third guiding cambered surface 4552 is provided at the rear end of the first limiting flat plate 455, the third guiding cambered surface 4552 is arranged at an interval with the adjusting frame plate 431, and a channel through which barks pass is formed between the adjusting frame plate 431 and the adjusting through hole 4511;
as shown in fig. 20 and 21, the position of the peeling blade 43 extending into the inner wall of the straight section 451 can be adjusted by adjusting the positions of the adjusting frame plate 431 and the straight section 451, so that the position of the peeling blade 43 cutting into the adjusting frame plate 431 can be adjusted reasonably according to the actual diameter of the section;
the rear end of the first limiting flat plate 455 is provided with a third guiding cambered surface 4552, the third guiding cambered surface 4552 and an adjusting frame plate 431 are arranged at intervals, a channel through which barks pass is formed between the adjusting frame plate 431 and an adjusting through hole 4511, and the barks cut by the barking blade 43 can be discharged through the channel, so that influence on conduction of other segments by the barks is avoided.
Furthermore, in order to further find the circle center position of the segment and ensure the accuracy of the peeling position of the segment, the inner walls of the first half pipe 411 and the second half pipe 412 are provided with a core fixing mechanism, the core fixing mechanism comprises a first core fixing arc plate 4111 and a second core fixing arc plate 4121 which are arranged on the inner walls of the first half pipe 411 and the second half pipe 412, and the first core fixing arc plate 4111 and the second core fixing arc plate 4121 are close to or far away from each other;
grooves are respectively arranged on the inner walls of the first half pipe 411 and the second half pipe 412, through holes are arranged on the lateral sides of the grooves, the first fixed core arc plate 4111 and the second fixed core arc plate 4121 respectively penetrate through the through holes and are respectively fixed with the first support plate 463 and the second support plate 464, a supporting slide bar 465 is arranged between the first support plate 463 and the second support plate 464, the supporting slide bar 465 is vertical and sleeved with a fixed core spring 466, and the upper end and the lower end of the fixed core spring 466 are respectively abutted against the first support plate 463 and the second support plate 464;
when the diameter of the segment is too small, when the segment passes through the inside of the first half tube 411 and the second half tube 412, the elastic force of the core fixing spring 466 enables the first core fixing arc plate 4111 and the second core fixing arc plate 4121 to be close to each other, so that the first core fixing arc plate 4111 and the second core fixing arc plate 4121 are abutted against the outer wall of the segment, the center position of the segment can be further accurately found, and the skin planing position accuracy of the segment with the too small diameter can be ensured.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 12 to 14, the pushing mechanism includes a material pushing rod 47 disposed beside the conveying track 37, the material pushing rod 47 is concentric with the guide pipe 41, a sliding ball 471 is disposed at one end of the material pushing rod 47, a carriage 472 is disposed at the other end of the material pushing rod 47, the carriage 472 is slidably disposed on a sliding rail 473, the carriage 472 is connected to a piston rod of a pushing cylinder 474, and the piston rod of the pushing cylinder 474 is parallel to the length direction of the material pushing rod 47;
the pushing mechanism is started, the sections on the conveying crawler 37 can be pushed into the guide pipe 41, the sliding balls 471 at one end of the pushing rods 47 are abutted to one end of each section, so that the sections are pushed into the guide pipe 41, the peeling operation of the sections is realized, the sections are subjected to mine robbing in circumferential direction shaking in the moving process of the guide pipe 41, and when the sliding balls 471 are abutted to one end of each section, the friction force between the pushing rods 47 and the end faces of the sections can be reduced or basically eliminated, so that the sections are normally guided in the guide pipe 41 without being influenced.
Further, as shown in fig. 14, the upper and lower plate surfaces of the first and second support plates 463, 464 are respectively provided with first and second limiting balls 467, 468, the carriage 472 is provided with first and second limiting strip plates 474, 475 in an extending manner, the first and second limiting strip plates 474, 475 are parallel to the material pushing rod 47, the middle positions of the first and second limiting strip plates 474, 475 are respectively provided with first and second trigger slopes, the lower plate surface of the first limiting strip plate 474 abuts against or separates from the first limiting ball 467, and the upper plate surface of the second limiting strip plate 475 abuts against or separates from the second limiting ball 468;
the pushing mechanism starts to guide the segment out of the conveying track 37 into the guide pipe 41, and the first and second trigger slopes of the first and second limit slats 474 and 475 abut against the first and second limit balls 467 and 468 respectively, so that the first and second core fixing arc plates 4111 and 4121 are triggered to approach to perform the core fixing operation on the segment;
the cross sections of the first trigger inclined surface and the second trigger inclined surface are in a V shape or a trapezoid shape, after the core fixing of the segment is implemented, normal guiding and conveying of the segment are not affected by the fact that one end and the inner portion of the segment are reset to the first fixed core arc plate 4111 and the second fixed core arc plate 4121, and balls can be arranged on the first trigger inclined surface and the second trigger inclined surface, so that friction force between the first trigger inclined surface and the outer wall of the segment is reduced.
The palletizing device 60 for palletizing the sliced segments is described in detail below with reference to fig. 23 to 32:
the stacking device 60 comprises a first conveying crawler belt 61 arranged at the outlet of the peeling device 40, the belt surface of the first conveying crawler belt 61 is horizontal and parallel to the material leading-out direction of the peeling device 40, a second conveying crawler belt 62 is arranged below the discharge end of the first conveying crawler belt 61, the belt surface of the second conveying crawler belt 62 is horizontal and perpendicular to the first conveying crawler belt 61, a material receiving inclined plate 63 is arranged at the discharge port of the second conveying crawler belt 62, a material receiving cross rod 64 is arranged at the lower end of the material receiving inclined plate 63, the length direction of the material receiving cross rod 64 is horizontal and parallel to the length direction of the second conveying crawler belt 62, a section material receiving mechanism 65 is arranged beside the material receiving cross rod 64, and the section material receiving mechanism 65 is used for receiving sections arranged on the material receiving cross rod 64 and transferring the sections to the position of a material receiving frame 66;
after the skin is planed through the skin planing device 40 at each level, the sections are led out through the first conveying crawler 61, the length direction of the sections at the moment is horizontally guided to the second conveying crawler 62, the sections are led out to the positions of the material receiving sloping plates 63 by the second conveying crawler 62, the sections are slid onto the material receiving cross rods 64 through the material receiving sloping plates 63, single-row stacking is conducted, after the sections are fully arranged on the material receiving cross rods 64, the section material receiving mechanisms 65 are started, carrying out bearing on the sections on the material receiving cross rods 64, transferring to the positions of the material receiving frames 66 to achieve stacking of the sections, after the material receiving frames 66 are fully arranged in the sections and transferring to a drying room to naturally dry, and therefore usable planting base wood can be obtained.
Further, the segment receiving mechanism 65 includes a hanging conveyor line 651, hanging devices 652 are arranged on the hanging conveyor line 651 at intervals along the circulating conveying direction, the hanging devices 652 include a suspension rod 6521, the lower end of the suspension rod 6521 is arranged in a "T" shape, the suspension rod 6521 is inserted into a slide tube 6522, the upper end of the slide tube 6522 is arranged in a closed-up structure, a spring is sleeved on the suspension rod 6521, two ends of the spring are respectively connected with the lower end of the suspension rod 6521 and the upper end of the slide tube 6522, the lower end of the slide tube 6522 is provided with a cross beam 6524, a material supporting frame 6525 is arranged below two ends of the cross beam 6524, the material supporting frame 6525 is in an "L" shape, one end of the material supporting frame 6525 is vertical and is connected with the lower end of the cross beam 6524, the other end of the material supporting frame 6525 extends horizontally, a first limiting plate 653, a second limiting plate 654 and a second limiting plate 653 are arranged below the hanging conveyor line 651, the length direction of the first, the outer wall of the sliding pipe 6522 is rotatably provided with a first roller 655 and a second roller 656, the upper wheel surface of the first roller 655 is abutted against the lower plate surface of the first limiting plate 653, the upper wheel surface of the second roller 656 is abutted against the lower plate surface of the second limiting plate 654, the first limiting plate 653 and the second limiting plate 654 both comprise a guide section and a horizontal section, the receiving frame 66 is arranged below the front end of the second limiting plate 654, and the first limiting plate 653 is arranged at the side of the receiving cross bar 64;
after the material receiving cross bar 64 is fully arranged with segments, the hanging conveying line 651 is started, so that the hanging device 652 moves along the length direction of the hanging conveying line 651, when the hanging device is moved to the position in front of the material receiving cross bar 64, the upper wheel surface of the first roller 655 abuts against the lower plate surface of the first limiting plate 653, so that the sliding tube 6522 pulls the spring, the spring extends, the material supporting frame 6525 moves downwards and moves downwards to the position below the material receiving cross bar 64, and when the hanging device 652 continues to move along the length direction of the hanging conveying line 651 and the upper wheel surface of the first roller 655 is separated from the lower plate surface of the first limiting plate 653, the spring resets, the material supporting frame 6525 moves upwards and is far away from the material receiving cross bar 64, and interference of the material receiving cross bar 64 on the movement of the material supporting frame 6525 is.
Further, as shown in fig. 27 and fig. 28, a blocking plate 641 is hinged to a rod end of the receiving cross bar 64, a hinge shaft of the blocking plate 641 is parallel to the length direction of the receiving cross bar 64, an inclined surface is arranged at a lower end of the blocking plate 641, a discharging protrusion 6526 is arranged at an end of the material support frame 6525, and when the material support frame 6525 moves to a position beside the receiving cross bar 64, the material support frame 6525 is located inside the two receiving cross bars 64 and below the two receiving cross bars 64;
the blocking plate 641 is hinged at the rod end of the material receiving cross rod 64, so as to block the segments, prevent the segments from being led out from the rod end of the material receiving cross rod 64, start the hanging conveyor line 651, enable the hanger 652 to move along the length direction of the hanging conveyor line 651, when the hanger is moved to the front position of the material receiving cross rod 64, the upper wheel surface of the first roller 655 abuts against the lower plate surface of the first limiting plate 653, enable the sliding pipe 6522 to pull the spring, enable the spring to extend, enable the material supporting frame 6525 to move downwards, and move downwards to the position below the material receiving cross rod 64, enable the material supporting frame 6525 to move to the lower plate surface of the blocking plate 641, when the upper wheel surface of the first roller 655 is separated from the lower plate surface of the first limiting plate 653, the spring resets, enable the material supporting frame 6525 to move upwards, and the upper plate surface of the material supporting frame 6525 abuts against the lower end of the blocking plate 641, so that the, the cross-section of the discharge lug 6526 is arranged to be triangular so that the segment is effectively separated from the holder 6525, so that the segment is transferred out of the receiving crossbar 64 and into the receiving frame 66 to achieve discharge of the segment;
the position of the hinge shaft of the above-mentioned baffle 641 is provided with a limiting plate to avoid the random rotation of the baffle 641, so that the baffle 641 is located at the end position of the material receiving cross rod 64 under the normal state, when the baffle 641 is opened around the hinge, the baffle 641 is provided with an extending plate to realize the normal blocking of the upper segment of the material receiving cross rod 64, and after the material supporting frame 6525 is separated from the baffle 641, the baffle 641 can fall normally.
Further, a clamping bracket 6527 is hinged to the inner side surface of the material holder 6525, a hinge shaft of the clamping bracket 6527 is horizontal and is vertical to the length direction of the clamping bracket 6527, a supporting plate 6528 is arranged below one end of the material holder 6525, one end of the clamping bracket 6527 is abutted to or separated from the upper plate surface of the supporting plate 6528, one end of the clamping bracket 6527 extends upwards and is provided with a clamping ball head, and the other end of the clamping bracket 6527 extends horizontally and is higher than the upper plate surface of the material holder 6525;
because the segment is positioned on the material support frame 6525 and is easy to shake and fall off from the material support frame 6525, the segment is clamped to avoid falling off at will, after the segment is erected on the clamping bracket 6527, the clamping bracket 6527 rotates around the hinge shaft under the action of self gravity, and the clamping bulb at one end of the clamping bracket 6527 abuts against the segment, so that the segment is clamped to clamp the segment on the material support frame 6525;
the clamping ball end of the clamping bracket 6527 can overcome the weight of the other end, so that the other end of the clamping bracket 6527 extends horizontally and the upper plate surface is higher than the upper plate surface of the material holder 6525.
Specifically, in order to realize effective discharging of the upper section of the material support frame 6525, a third roller is arranged on the lower plate surface of the material support frame 6525, two discharging slide plates 657 are further arranged below the hanging conveyor line 651, the outer side width of each discharging slide plate 657 is smaller than the inner side width of the material support frame 6525, a discharging belt 659 is arranged between the two discharging slide plates 657, the belt surface of the discharging belt 659 is horizontal and parallel to the length direction of the discharging slide plate 657, a fixed frame of the discharging belt 659 is connected with the discharging slide plates 657, a resetting slide rod 6571 is arranged below the two ends of each discharging slide plate 657, the lower end of the resetting slide rod 6571 is slidably arranged on the frame plate 6572, a support spring 6573 is sleeved on the resetting slide rod 6571, the upper end and the lower end of the support spring 6573 are respectively abutted against the discharging slide plates 657 and the frame plate 6572, a fourth roller 6529 is arranged below the front end of the material support frame 6525, and an inclined surface 6574 is arranged beside, the lower tread of the fourth roller 6529 abuts against the inclined surface 6574;
as shown in fig. 27 and 28, the carrier rack 6525 filled with segments is transferred to the position above the two discharge slide plates 657 below the carrier conveying line 651, the upper wheel surface of the second roller 656 abuts against the lower plate surface of the second limit plate 654, so that the slide tube 6522 pulls the spring, so that the spring extends, so that the holder 6525 moves down, and after the holder 6525 moves down, the lower wheel surface of the fourth wheel 6529 abuts against the slope 6574, thereby leading the belt surfaces of the two discharging sliding plates 657 and the discharging belts 659 to descend, avoiding the interference of the two discharging sliding plates 657 and the discharging belts 659 on the movement of the material supporting frame 6525, when the material holder 6525 moves to the two discharging slide plates 657 and the two sides of the discharging belt 659, the lower wheel surface of the fourth roller 6529 is separated from the inclined surface 6574, and under the action of the elastic force of the supporting spring 6573, the belt surfaces of the two discharging sliding plates 657 and the discharging belt 659 are higher than the upper plate surface of the material supporting frame 6525, so that the discharging belt 659 is utilized to discharge the sections on the material supporting frame 6525;
the suspension conveyor line 651 intermittently operates to receive the segments at the rod end positions of the receiving cross bar 64 and to unload the segments, and the suspension conveyor line 651 is stopped to prevent the segments from falling.
In order to stack the segments, a supporting platform 658 is arranged below the discharging end of the discharging sliding plate 657, a rotating mechanism is arranged below the supporting platform 658, the rotating mechanism drives the supporting platform 658 to rotate and reset by 90 degrees, the rotating mechanism is arranged on a horizontal sliding mechanism, and the horizontal sliding mechanism drives the supporting platform 658 to move horizontally;
when the receiving frame 66 in the supporting platform 658 is located at the position below the discharging end of the discharging sliding plate 657, the segments are guided into the receiving frame 66 according to the length direction, so that the arrangement of the single-layer segments is realized, after the single-layer segments are arranged, the rotating mechanism drives the supporting platform 658 to rotate by 90 degrees, the arrangement of the upper-layer segments is realized, the adjacent two-layer segments are in 90 degrees, the stability of stacking the segments can be effectively improved, the horizontal sliding mechanism drives the supporting platform 658 to move in the horizontal direction, so that the arrangement of the segments in the receiving frame 66 is realized, and the problem of stacking the segments is avoided.
Further, as shown in fig. 30 and fig. 31, the receiving frame 66 is disposed on the supporting platform 658, the receiving frame 66 includes a first frame 661 and a second frame 661, 662, one end of the first frame 661 and the second frame 662 is respectively provided with a first movable door panel 663 and a second movable door panel 664, the lower end of the first frame 661 and the lower end of the second frame 662 are respectively provided with a first extending plate 665 and a second extending plate 666, a sliding rod 667 is disposed between the first extending plate 665 and the second extending plate 666, the length direction of the sliding rod 667 is horizontal and perpendicular to the length direction of the first frame 661 and the second frame 662, a return spring 668 is sleeved on the sliding rod 667, two ends of the return spring 668 abut against the first extending plate 665 and the second extending plate 666 respectively, the first frame 661 and the second frame 661 are respectively provided with a first nut 6611 and a second nut 6621, and a driving screw 669 is disposed in the first nut 6611 and the second nut 6621, the driving screw rod 669 is parallel to the slide bar 667, and two thread segments are arranged on the rod body, the spiral directions of the two thread segments are opposite, and the two thread segments are respectively matched with the first nut 6611 and the second nut 6621;
a first universal wheel 6612 and a second universal wheel 6622 are respectively arranged below the first frame body 661 and the second frame body 662, and a hand wheel is arranged at one end of the driving screw rod 669;
as shown in fig. 32, when the receiving frame 66 is actually used, a binding rope is arranged in the receiving frame 66 in advance, after the sections in the receiving frame 66 are fully stacked, the sections are bound by using the rope, the receiving frame 66 is pushed out from the supporting platform 658, the receiving frame 66 is pushed to a drying yard, a supporting sleeper is put on the drying yard, the receiving frame 66 is pushed to the supporting sleeper, a hand wheel is rotated, the first frame body 661 and the second frame body 662 are kept away from each other under the action of the driving screw rod 669, so that the frame bottom positions of the first frame body 661 and the second frame body 662 are separated from the sections, the bundled sections fall onto the sleeper, and the first movable door plate 663 and the second movable door plate 664 are opened, so that the receiving frame 66 is pushed out in the length direction of the piled sections, and the recycling of the receiving frame 66 is realized.
The processing method of the Chinese medicinal material planting base wood comprises the following steps:
A. selecting straight pine logs, hanging the pine logs into a log feeding device 10 by using a hanging mechanism, starting the log feeding device 10, guiding the logs one by one into a log distributing and guiding device 50, and carrying out single log distributing by the log distributing and guiding device 50;
B. guiding the logs into the cutting device 20 for cutting by using the log distributing and guiding device 50 according to the horizontal posture in the length direction, guiding the sections to the position of a feed opening of the distributing device 30 by using the material receiving crawler 31, starting the distributing device 30 to classify the sections according to the diameter, guiding the sections with different diameters and grades to the conveying crawler 37 respectively, and guiding the sections to the position of the feed opening of the peeling device 40 by using the conveying crawler 37;
C. starting a pushing mechanism of the peeling device 40, pushing the segments on the conveying crawler 37 into the peeling device 40, and performing peeling operation on the segments;
D. the segments after being planed are guided to a first conveying crawler 61 of the stacking device 60, and the segments are guided to a material receiving cross bar 64 by the first conveying crawler 61 to be arranged in order;
E. starting a segment receiving mechanism 65 of the stacking device 60 to receive the segments on the receiving cross rod 64 and transferring the segments into a receiving frame 66;
F. starting the rotating mechanism and the horizontal sliding mechanism to enable the segments to be orderly stacked in the material receiving frame 66, binding the segments manually, and transferring the material receiving frame 66 filled with the segments into a drying room;
G. the driving screw rod 669 is rotated to make the first and second frame bodies 661, 662 far away, and make the segments in the receiving frame 66 unloaded and naturally dried.

Claims (8)

1. Pile up neatly device, its characterized in that: comprises a first conveying crawler belt (61) arranged at the outlet position of the peeling device (40), the belt surface of the first conveying crawler belt (61) is horizontal and parallel to the material guiding direction of the peeling device (40), a second conveying crawler belt (62) is arranged below the discharge end of the first conveying crawler belt (61), the belt surface of the second conveying crawler belt (62) is horizontal and vertical to the first conveying crawler belt (61), a material receiving inclined plate (63) is arranged at a material outlet of the second conveying crawler belt (62), the lower end of the material receiving sloping plate (63) is provided with a material receiving cross bar (64), the length direction of the material receiving cross bar (64) is horizontal and parallel to the length direction of the second conveying crawler belt (62), a segment receiving mechanism (65) is arranged beside the receiving cross bar (64), and the segment receiving mechanism (65) is used for receiving segments arranged on the receiving cross bar (64) and transferring the segments to a receiving frame (66);
the segment receiving mechanism (65) comprises a hanging conveying line (651), hanging devices (652) are arranged at intervals along the circulating conveying direction of the hanging conveying line (651), the hanger (652) comprises a suspender (6521), the lower end of the suspender (6521) is arranged into a T shape, the hanger rod (6521) is inserted in a slide tube (6522), the upper end of the slide tube (6522) is arranged into a closed-end structure, a spring is sleeved on the suspension rod (6521), two ends of the spring are respectively connected with the lower end of the suspension rod (6521) and the upper end of the sliding pipe (6522), the lower end of the sliding pipe (6522) is provided with a cross beam (6524), a material supporting frame (6525) is arranged below the two ends of the cross beam (6524), the material supporting frame (6525) is L-shaped, one end of the material supporting frame (6525) is vertical and is connected with the lower part of one end of the cross beam (6524), and the other end of the material supporting frame (6525) extends horizontally;
the utility model discloses a material receiving device, including hanging transfer chain (651), first limiting plate (653), second limiting plate (654), the length direction of first limiting plate (653) extends along the direction of delivery of hanging transfer chain (651), the outer wall rotary type of slide tube (6522) is provided with first, second gyro wheel (655, 656), the last wheel face of first gyro wheel (655) supports with the lower plate face of first limiting plate (653) and leans on, the last wheel face of second gyro wheel (656) supports with the lower plate face of second limiting plate (654) and leans on, first, second limiting plate (653, 654) all include guide segment and horizontal segment, material receiving frame (66) set up the front end below position at second limiting plate (654), first limiting plate (653) sets up the side of connecing material horizontal pole (64).
2. The palletizing device as in claim 1, wherein: the rod end of the material receiving cross rod (64) is hinged to a blocking plate (641), and a hinged shaft of the blocking plate (641) is parallel to the length direction of the material receiving cross rod (64).
3. The palletizing device as in claim 2, wherein: the lower extreme of fender position board (641) is provided with the inclined plane, the tip of holding in the palm work or material rest (6525) is provided with unloading lug (6526), when holding in the palm work or material rest (6525) and moving to material receiving horizontal pole (64) side position, hold in the palm work or material rest (6525) and be located the inboard of two material receiving horizontal poles (64) and be in the below position of two material receiving horizontal poles (64).
4. The palletizing device as in claim 3, wherein: the inner side face of the material supporting frame (6525) is hinged with a clamping bracket (6527), a hinged shaft of the clamping bracket (6527) is horizontal and is perpendicular to the length direction of the clamping bracket (6527), a supporting plate (6528) is arranged below one end of the material supporting frame (6525), and one end of the clamping bracket (6527) is abutted to or separated from the upper plate face of the supporting plate (6528).
5. The palletizing device as in claim 4, wherein: one end of the clamping bracket (6527) extends upwards and is provided with a clamping ball head, and the other end of the clamping bracket (6527) extends horizontally and the upper plate surface is higher than the upper plate surface of the material supporting frame (6525).
6. The palletizing device as in claim 5, wherein: a third roller is arranged on the lower plate surface of the material supporting frame (6525), two discharging sliding plates (657) are further arranged below the hanging conveying line (651), the outer side widths of the two discharging sliding plates (657) are smaller than the inner side width of the material supporting frame (6525), a discharging belt (659) is arranged between the two discharging sliding plates (657), the belt surface of the discharging belt (659) is horizontal and parallel to the length direction of the discharging sliding plates (657), a fixed rack of the discharging belt (659) is connected with the discharging sliding plates (657), a resetting sliding rod (6571) is arranged below two ends of each discharging sliding plate (657), the lower end of the resetting sliding rod (6571) is arranged on the frame plate (6572) in a sliding mode, a supporting spring (6573) is sleeved on the resetting sliding rod (6571), the upper end and the lower end of the supporting spring (6573) are respectively abutted against the discharging sliding plates (657) and the frame plate (6572), and a fourth roller (6529) is arranged below the front end of the material supporting frame (6525), an inclined plane (6574) is arranged beside the discharging sliding plate (657), and the lower wheel surface of the fourth roller (6529) is abutted against the inclined plane (6574).
7. The palletizing device as in claim 6, wherein: the discharging end below of slide (657) of unloading is provided with supporting platform (658), supporting platform (658) below is provided with slewing mechanism, slewing mechanism drive supporting platform (658) present 90 rotation and the state that resets, slewing mechanism sets up on horizontal glide machanism, horizontal glide machanism drive supporting platform (658) horizontal direction removes.
8. Chinese-medicinal material is planted and is based wood system of processing, its characterized in that: a herbal plant-based timber processing system including the palletizing apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 7.
CN201810973222.XA 2018-08-24 2018-08-24 Stacking device Active CN109250466B (en)

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