CN109249960A - A kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor system - Google Patents

A kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109249960A
CN109249960A CN201811119372.0A CN201811119372A CN109249960A CN 109249960 A CN109249960 A CN 109249960A CN 201811119372 A CN201811119372 A CN 201811119372A CN 109249960 A CN109249960 A CN 109249960A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
track
turn
switch
parameter
monitoring
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Pending
Application number
CN201811119372.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
缪东
张明
李文胜
周小斌
肖潜飞
肖俊
郭文浩
范永光
姚应峰
王俊
代刚
李威
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China Railway Siyuan Survey and Design Group Co Ltd
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China Railway Siyuan Survey and Design Group Co Ltd
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Application filed by China Railway Siyuan Survey and Design Group Co Ltd filed Critical China Railway Siyuan Survey and Design Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811119372.0A priority Critical patent/CN109249960A/en
Publication of CN109249960A publication Critical patent/CN109249960A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L23/00Control, warning, or like safety means along the route or between vehicles or vehicle trains
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L23/00Control, warning, or like safety means along the route or between vehicles or vehicle trains
    • B61L23/04Control, warning, or like safety means along the route or between vehicles or vehicle trains for monitoring the mechanical state of the route
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L27/00Central traffic control systems ; Track-side control or specific communication systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L27/00Central traffic control systems ; Track-side control or specific communication systems
    • B61L27/0077Track-side train data handling, e.g. vehicle or vehicle train data, position reports

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor systems, it is characterized in that, including digital monitoring subsystem and digital signal analysis platform, the parameter being collected by sensor collection turn-out track driving device, the real-time status parameter of track switch and/or track and is passed to Digital Signal Analysis platform by the digital monitoring subsystem, the Digital Signal Analysis platform analyzes the parameter being collected into, and carries out assessment and monitoring and warning by the analysis result operating status current to track switch.Technical solution of the present invention for the prior art can not the operating status to Riding-type Monorail Switch can not implement to be monitored and the case where timely early warning, by carrying out data monitoring to track switch many aspects, and data analysis is carried out to it, so that realization is effectively monitored to the operating status of track switch and early warning, to guarantee the normal operation of straddle-type monorail.

Description

A kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor system
Technical field
The invention belongs to track monitoring running state fields, and in particular to a kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitoring system System.
Background technique
Straddle-type monorail refers to through single rail and supports, stablizes and be oriented to, and car body straddles the iron run on track girder Road.Its main feature is that it is adaptable, noise is low, turning radius is small, climbing capacity is very strong.Straddle-type monorail is developed so far, It is a kind of important form of City Rail Transit System, has bigger difference with subway standard, generally use rubber tire Track System, It straddles and is travelled on beams of concrete, switch structure and control mode are also entirely different with steel wheel rail system, and more multiple It is miscellaneous.Therefore, in order to improve the reliably working of Riding-type Monorail Switch system, the safe and efficient operation of support vehicles, it is necessary to across The operating status of type monorail track switch carries out real-time monitoring.
In the prior art, general still to use traditional form for the monitoring running state problem of straddle-type monorail.I.e. By the personnel of arranging work, the mode of subregion timing manual inspection is realized.Under this routine inspection mode, for existing in track The problem of finds a possibility that there are certain hysteresis qualitys, i.e., only problematic definite generation is detected later, and just meeting is relatively high, More opinion does not find security risk present in track in advance and is handled in advance it, to guarantee the normal fortune of entire track Row.Further, since there are hysteresis qualitys for the discovery of problem, after the failure occurred, maintenance is carried out to damaged part and is also required to one It fixes time.In the real time execution of current straddle-type monorail, the repair time for actually leaving maintenance personal for is very limited, generally all It can only be overhauled when night, orbit occupancy rate was low.If broken down when orbit occupancy demand is very high, It usually will cause biggish loss.
Therefore, the operating status of the operating status of straddle-type track, especially Riding-type Monorail Switch is supervised in real time It surveys, is current urgent problem to be solved to carry out early warning in time to the problem is possible to.
Summary of the invention
Aiming at the above defects or improvement requirements of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of comprehensive prisons of Riding-type Monorail Switch Examining system at least can partially solve the above problems.Technical solution of the present invention can not be to straddle type single-rail for the prior art The operating status of trouble can not be implemented to be monitored and the case where timely early warning, by carrying out data monitoring to track switch many aspects, And data analysis is carried out to it, so that realization is effectively monitored to the operating status of track switch and early warning, to guarantee straddle seat The normal operation of formula single track.
To achieve the above object, according to one aspect of the present invention, a kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitoring is provided System, which is characterized in that including digital monitoring subsystem and digital signal analysis platform, the digital monitoring subsystem passes through biography Sensor collects the real-time status parameter of turn-out track driving device, track switch and/or track and the parameter being collected into is passed to digital letter Number analysis platform, the Digital Signal Analysis platform analyze the parameter being collected into;
Wherein, the digital monitoring subsystem includes turn-out track driving monitoring modular and turnout rail monitoring modular, and described turn Rut driving monitoring modular is acquired by the turn-out track equipment parameter to turn-out track driving device and/or turn-out track trolley, and by turn-out track Device parameter is sent to Digital Signal Analysis platform and is analyzed, and obtains the operation shape of turn-out track driving device and/or turn-out track trolley State parameter;The turn-out track equipment parameter includes the mechanics parameter, vibration parameters and environment of turn-out track driving device and/or turn-out track trolley Parameter;
By installing sensor in orbit, the track for collecting track switch and/or track is set the turnout rail monitoring modular Standby parameter, and send Digital Signal Analysis platform for track equipment parameter and analyze, obtain the operation of track switch and/or track State parameter;The track equipment parameter includes the vibration parameters, temperature parameter and the close amount parameter of patch of track switch and/or track;
After the Digital Signal Analysis platform is according to the turn-out track equipment parameter and/or track equipment parameter received, analysis Changing points driving device, turn-out track trolley, track switch and/or the current running state parameter of track are obtained, and is operated normally with it Parameter area be compared, with to the current operating status of Riding-type Monorail Switch carry out assessment and/or monitoring and warning.
One as technical solution of the present invention is preferred, and system further includes track switch image monitoring subsystem, the track switch figure As monitoring subsystem carries out realtime graphic shooting, and general to the switch condition of track switch by being mounted on the vision facilities near track switch The image information of acquisition passes to Digital Signal Analysis platform, and Digital Signal Analysis platform carries out the parameter and image being collected into Analysis and/or identification are assessed and/or are monitored by analysis result and/or the recognition result operating status current to track switch Early warning.
Preferably as one of technical solution of the present invention, turn-out track driving monitoring modular include turn-out track conversion power monitoring modular, Turn-out track vibration monitoring module, turn-out track environment monitoring module, trolley monitoring running state module and locking device operational monitoring module,
The turn-out track conversion power monitoring modular is monitored the mechanics parameter in the track switch driving equipment course of work, according to The mechanics parameter judges whether track switch driving is normal;
The turn-out track vibration monitoring module is monitored the Oscillation Amplitude of turn-out track equipment, according to the vibration width of turn-out track equipment Degree judges the stability of turn-out track equipment mounting structure;
The turn-out track environment monitoring module in turn-out track equipment environment temperature and/or humidity be monitored, judgement is current The influence degree of environment temperature and/or humidity to turn-out track equipment;
The trolley monitoring running state module measures the speed of service of the trolley in guide rail sliding chute, acceleration, according to institute The speed of service for stating trolley and/or acceleration judgement are when whether front chassis is among normal operating condition;
The locking device operational monitoring module is monitored the working condition of locking device, whether judges locking device Unlock and blocking function can be smoothly completed.
One as technical solution of the present invention is preferred, and turnout rail monitoring modular includes track vibration monitoring modular, rail Channel temp monitoring modular and the closely connected amount monitoring modular of track,
The track vibration monitoring modular obtains track switch for measuring to the vibration parameters of track, according to vibration parameters Work business installation condition;
The rail temperature monitoring modular determines whether track equipment is in for measuring to the environment temperature of track In normal operation circumstances temperature;
The closely connected amount monitoring modular of track judges for detecting to the compactness between point tongue and stock rail Whether compactness is in operational envelope.
One as technical solution of the present invention is preferred, and system further includes warning system, and the warning system receives alarm Information simultaneously triggers alarm device, while the warning information received is fed back to the corresponding terminal of the track switch by signaling interface, And track switch is overhauled and safeguarded accordingly.
One as technical solution of the present invention is preferred, and system further includes display device, and shown display device is used for logarithm The data information that word signal analysis platform obtains carries out analysis displaying, and carries out real-time visual prison to Riding-type Monorail Switch Control.
One as technical solution of the present invention is preferred, and the mechanics parameter of turn-out track driving device is by track switch driving equipment Electric current and voltage during the work time is converted through mathematical model, bent according to the mechanics in the turn-out track driving device course of work Line analyzes the operating status of turn-out track driving device.
One as technical solution of the present invention is preferred, and the Oscillation Amplitude of turn-out track equipment includes longitudinal vibration on vertical direction Lateral amplitude of vibration on width and horizontal direction.
One as technical solution of the present invention is preferred, and pasting close amount is by position sensor to point tongue and stock rail Position incuded after compare acquisition.
Preferably as one of technical solution of the present invention, alarm device include light alarming device, audible alarm unit with And video alarm device.
In general, through the invention it is contemplated above technical scheme is compared with the prior art, have below beneficial to effect Fruit:
1) technical solution of the present invention adjusts operating efficiency to improve straddle-type single-track vehicle base track switch, convenient for road Trouble is managed collectively, and a kind of straddle-type single-track vehicle base management system of new management Riding-type Monorail Switch is designed, Using modes such as sensor, video monitorings, vehicle base turnout work status information and data information are acquired, for track switch management system Fast and accurately publication turn-out track order provides foundation to system, can effectively improve changing points operating efficiency, vehicle in support vehicles base Operational safety.
2) technical solution of the present invention, while the operating status to Riding-type Monorail Switch carries out complete detection, for Each factor for influencing Riding-type Monorail Switch is monitored respectively, and Digital Signal Analysis platform is carried out to all influence factors Comprehensively while analysis, single analysis can also be carried out to each influence factor, obtain the timing variations trend of the influence factor, It is handled in time according to timing variations trend for the corresponding Riding-type Monorail Switch structure of the influence factor.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor system structure chart in the embodiment of technical solution of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, right The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, and It is not used in the restriction present invention.As long as in addition, technical characteristic involved in the various embodiments of the present invention described below Not constituting a conflict with each other can be combined with each other.The present invention is described in more detail With reference to embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, providing a kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitoring system in the embodiment of technical solution of the present invention System.The system includes digital monitoring subsystem and digital signal analysis platform.Wherein digital monitoring subsystem passes through sensor pair The real time execution parameter of multiple track switch equipment is acquired, and collected parameter is aggregated into Digital Signal Analysis platform.Its In, track switch equipment includes turn-out track driving device, track switch, track etc..Digital Signal Analysis platform to the parameter information being collected into Row multiple analysis compares, and carries out assessment and monitoring and warning by the different analysis comparison result operating statuses current to track switch.
Further, digital monitoring subsystem includes turn-out track driving monitoring modular and turnout rail monitoring modular, transfer Rut driving monitoring modular is mainly used for carrying out the track equipment of changing points part in parameter measurement and basic data prison Control.Specifically, include rut conversion power monitoring modular in the turn-out track drive module of the present embodiment, turn-out track vibration monitoring module, turn Rut environment monitoring module, trolley monitoring running state module and locking device operational monitoring module.
Wherein, rut conversion power monitoring modular be track switch driving equipment electric current during the work time and voltage are carried out it is real-time Monitoring, by the calculating of intelligent mathematical model, the threshold value of automatically derived action parameter finally obtains turn-out track driving equipment and is working Operation curve in the process, and then the fault-alarming state of turn-out track driving equipment is analyzed, while making early warning analysis.This implementation It, for a variety of reasons, sometimes can not be to the real-time mechanics parameter of track switch driving equipment at work (such as driving force size) in example Directly measured, it is therefore desirable to by mathematical model, the parameter directly measured according to sensor (such as electric current, voltage) It calculates and obtains.
Can whether turn-out track vibration monitoring module be used for firm to turn-out track equipment mounting structure, meet the normal work of turn-out track equipment The monitoring of work is monitored by vibrating sensor and is realized.In the present embodiment, train, can be in track switch correlation when through turnout passing Cause to shake at equipment, such as turn-out track equipment vibration.Whether the mounting structure to turn-out track equipment firm be monitored when, Vibration parameters are a critically important measurement indexs.In fact, mounting structure is firm, the amplitude of turn-out track equipment is smaller, instead It is bigger.
Turn-out track environment monitoring module is used to collect the real time data of environment temperature and humidity in turn-out track equipment.For turn-out track For equipment, cause environment temperature raised many because being known as, and the exception of temperature can describe the problem to a certain extent.Example Such as, the friction of train and track will lead to rail temperature raising, if heating exceeds a certain range, it is possible to lead to switch blade Rail and stock rail form security risk due to expanded by heating.In addition, also having in the present embodiment to the measurement reason of environment temperature It is a variety of, including humidity variation caused by turn-out track equipment (mainly metal equipment and electronic equipment) corrosion or mistake The problems such as clever.
Trolley monitoring running state module is for monitoring operating status of the trolley in guide wheel sliding slot, as trolley is sliding in guide wheel Speed of service, acceleration in slot etc., whether stable by the speed of service, whether acceleration process is smooth, can find in time The problems such as Caton, retardance, influence changing points operation.In the present embodiment, the trouble-free operation of trolley is also Riding-type Monorail Switch One importance of status monitoring.The stability of trolley operation directly influences the stability of Riding-type Monorail Switch, especially Be train can steadily through turnout passing the problem of, when the operation of trolley and guide wheel sliding slot is of problems, train by There are biggish security risks.
Can locking device operational monitoring module is used to monitor locking device smoothly complete the function of unlock and locking, prevent Only locking is insecure, and track switch is mobile when vehicle being caused to pass through, and influences traffic safety.In the present embodiment, locking device unlock and Under blocking, locking device position detected by sensor is different, is referred to by issuing state switching to locking device It enables, the data variation arrived by sensor collection, it can be determined that go out whether locking device is in normal operating conditions.It avoids pair Manpower and material resources needed for locking device carries out field review, while can also find the problem as early as possible, hidden danger is handled in time.
Further, in the system of the present embodiment, turnout rail monitoring modular is by the way that installation can track vibration in orbit The closely connected amount monitoring modular of monitoring modular, rail temperature monitoring modular, track monitors the operation conditions of track.
Wherein track vibration monitoring modular is for the monitoring to turnout rail beam, thus to the work business installation condition ginseng of track switch Number is monitored;
Rail temperature monitoring modular provides temperature shape for the monitoring to rail switch local environment temperature for related system State parameter;
The closely connected amount monitoring modular of track is used for the monitoring of the closely connected amount of turnout rail, collects home position feelings with position sensor Condition.
In the present embodiment, each monitoring modular itself not only executes the task of data acquisition,
Further, track switch image monitoring subsystem is mainly by being mounted on the camera near track switch to changing points shape State carries out video monitoring, collects track switch realtime running status information.
In addition, can also include display device in the present embodiment, display device not only can receive supervises from track switch image Survey subsystem image information, can also to the data information that digital signal analysis platform receives and to data information institute into Capable analysis is shown.
For the track switch anomaly alarming device after receiving abnormal signal, alert passes through light and sound report It is alert, while warning message is fed back into staff by signaling interface, after being confirmed by staff, locking is carried out to track switch, No through traffic, after debugging, then restores current.That is, warning system is received from digital signal point in the present embodiment Analysis platform or the warning information of other modules simultaneously trigger alarm device, while the warning information received is passed through signaling interface The corresponding terminal of the track switch is fed back to, and track switch is overhauled and safeguarded accordingly.
As it will be easily appreciated by one skilled in the art that the foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, not to The limitation present invention, any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within the spirit and principles of the present invention should all include Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor system, which is characterized in that including digital monitoring subsystem and digital signal Analysis platform, the digital monitoring subsystem pass through the real-time status of sensor collection turn-out track driving device, track switch and/or track The parameter being collected into simultaneously is passed to Digital Signal Analysis platform by parameter, and the Digital Signal Analysis platform is to the parameter being collected into It is analyzed;
Wherein, the digital monitoring subsystem includes turn-out track driving monitoring modular and turnout rail monitoring modular, and the turn-out track drives Dynamic monitoring modular is acquired by the turn-out track equipment parameter to turn-out track driving device and/or turn-out track trolley, and by turn-out track equipment Parameter is sent to Digital Signal Analysis platform and is analyzed, and obtains the operating status ginseng of turn-out track driving device and/or turn-out track trolley Number;The turn-out track equipment parameter includes mechanics parameter, vibration parameters and the environment ginseng of turn-out track driving device and/or turn-out track trolley Number;
The turnout rail monitoring modular collects the track equipment ginseng of track switch and/or track by installing sensor in orbit Number, and send Digital Signal Analysis platform for track equipment parameter and analyze, obtain the operating status of track switch and/or track Parameter;The track equipment parameter includes the vibration parameters, temperature parameter and the close amount parameter of patch of track switch and/or track;
After the Digital Signal Analysis platform is according to the turn-out track equipment parameter and/or track equipment parameter received, analysis is obtained Changing points driving device, turn-out track trolley, track switch and/or the current running state parameter of track, and the ginseng operated normally with it Number range is compared, to carry out assessment and/or monitoring and warning to the current operating status of Riding-type Monorail Switch.
2. a kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor system according to claim 1, wherein the system also includes roads Trouble image monitoring subsystem, the track switch image monitoring subsystem turn track switch by being mounted on the vision facilities near track switch Rut state carries out realtime graphic shooting, and the image information of acquisition is passed to Digital Signal Analysis platform, Digital Signal Analysis Platform is analyzed and/or is identified to the parameter and image that are collected into, current to track switch by analysis result and/or recognition result Operating status carry out assessment and/or monitoring and warning.
3. a kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the turn-out track driving Monitoring modular includes turn-out track conversion power monitoring modular, turn-out track vibration monitoring module, turn-out track environment monitoring module, trolley operating status Monitoring modular and locking device operational monitoring module,
The turn-out track conversion power monitoring modular is monitored the mechanics parameter in the track switch driving equipment course of work, according to described Mechanics parameter judges whether track switch driving is normal;
The turn-out track vibration monitoring module is monitored the Oscillation Amplitude of turn-out track equipment, according to the Oscillation Amplitude pair of turn-out track equipment The stability of turn-out track equipment mounting structure is judged;
The turn-out track environment monitoring module in turn-out track equipment environment temperature and/or humidity be monitored, judge current environment Influence degree of the temperature and/or humidity to turn-out track equipment;
The trolley monitoring running state module measures the speed of service of the trolley in guide rail sliding chute, acceleration, according to described Whether the speed of service and/or the acceleration judgement of vehicle are among normal operating condition when front chassis;
The locking device operational monitoring module is monitored the working condition of locking device, judges that locking device whether can Smoothly complete unlock and blocking function.
4. described in any item a kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor systems according to claim 1~3, wherein the road Switch track road monitoring modular includes track vibration monitoring modular, rail temperature monitoring modular and the closely connected amount monitoring modular of track,
The track vibration monitoring modular obtains switchman business for measuring to the vibration parameters of track, according to vibration parameters Installation condition;
The rail temperature monitoring modular determines whether track equipment is in normal for measuring to the environment temperature of track In operating ambient temperature;
The closely connected amount monitoring modular of track judges to be bonded for detecting the compactness between point tongue and stock rail Whether degree is in operational envelope.
5. a kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor system according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the system System further includes warning system, and the warning system receives warning information and triggers alarm device, while the alarm signal that will be received Breath feeds back to the corresponding terminal of the track switch by signaling interface, and track switch is overhauled and safeguarded accordingly.
6. described in any item a kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor systems according to claim 1~5, wherein the system System further includes display device, and the data information that shown display device is used to obtain digital signal analysis platform carries out analysis exhibition Show, and real-time visual monitoring is carried out to Riding-type Monorail Switch.
7. described in any item a kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor systems according to claim 1~6, wherein described turn The mechanics parameter of rut driving device is to be converted by track switch driving equipment electric current during the work time and voltage through mathematical model , the operating status of turn-out track driving device is analyzed according to the force diagram in the turn-out track driving device course of work.
8. described in any item a kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor systems according to claim 1~7, wherein described turn The Oscillation Amplitude of rut equipment includes the lateral amplitude of vibration on pitch amplitude and horizontal direction on vertical direction.
9. described in any item a kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor systems according to claim 1~8, wherein the patch Close amount is to compare acquisition after incuding by position of the position sensor to point tongue and stock rail.
10. according to a kind of described in any item Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor systems of claim 5~9, wherein the police Reporting device includes light alarming device, audible alarm unit and video alarm device.
CN201811119372.0A 2018-09-25 2018-09-25 A kind of Riding-type Monorail Switch comprehensive monitor system Pending CN109249960A (en)

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CN112215411A (en) * 2020-09-25 2021-01-12 杭州羿凡科技有限公司 Switch operation and maintenance quality prediction analysis system
CN112215411B (en) * 2020-09-25 2021-07-27 杭州羿凡科技有限公司 Switch operation and maintenance quality prediction analysis system
CN112834074A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-25 西南交通大学 Temperature measurement system applied to track elastic strip and fault monitoring method

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