CN109217784B - Concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric power generation integrated device - Google Patents

Concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric power generation integrated device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109217784B
CN109217784B CN201810884903.9A CN201810884903A CN109217784B CN 109217784 B CN109217784 B CN 109217784B CN 201810884903 A CN201810884903 A CN 201810884903A CN 109217784 B CN109217784 B CN 109217784B
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China
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groove
rod
gear
top surface
shaped
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CN109217784A (en
Inventor
李继军
翟毅
王利福
李源明
甄威
胡振华
司嘉瑞
周猛
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Inner Mongolia University of Technology
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Inner Mongolia University of Technology
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02NELECTRIC MACHINES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H02N11/00Generators or motors not provided for elsewhere; Alleged perpetua mobilia obtained by electric or magnetic means
    • H02N11/002Generators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion systems, e.g. maximum power point trackers

Abstract

The utility model provides a spotlight photovoltaic-thermoelectric generation integrated device, including the stage body, the bottom surface fixed mounting open-top's of stage body box body, the bottom inner wall fixed mounting main motor of box body, the vertical telescopic link of output shaft top fixed mounting of main motor, the cross inserted block of movable rod top fixed mounting of telescopic link, the top surface fixed mounting connecting plate of stage body, set up circular shape cavity in the connecting plate, the circular slot is seted up to the inner wall of cavity, the ring channel is seted up to the top surface inner wall of cavity, the top of ring channel communicates with each other with the external world, the fixed movable mounting second gear of cavity bottom inner wall centre of a circle department, both ends all can pass the connecting plate about the rotation axis of second. The solar panel can be adjusted according to the position of the sun in one day by the solar panel adjusting device, so that the solar panel receives more irradiation, the utilization range of the solar panel is enlarged, the utilization rate is increased, the power generation efficiency is improved, and the solar panel can be replaced according to the maintenance requirement.

Description

Concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric power generation integrated device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of solar power generation, and particularly relates to a concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric power generation integrated device.
Background
At present, solar panel is directly fixed a position of placing in a flat state usually, and the sun makes the illumination diverse that solar panel accepted in the different position in one day, and then makes solar panel's utilization degree diverse to in use utilization ratio is lower, and in use is comparatively inconvenient.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric power generation integrated device, which is used for overcoming the defects in the prior art.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric power generation integrated device comprises a table body, a box body with an opening at the top is fixedly installed on the bottom surface of the table body, a main motor is fixedly installed on the inner wall of the bottom end of the box body, a vertical telescopic rod is fixedly installed at the top end of an output shaft of the main motor, a cross-shaped insert block is fixedly installed at the top end of a movable rod of the telescopic rod, a connecting plate is fixedly installed on the top surface of the table body, a circular cavity is formed in the connecting plate, a circular groove is formed in the inner wall of the cavity, an annular groove is formed in the inner wall of the top surface of the cavity, the top end of the annular groove is communicated with the outside, a second gear is fixedly and movably installed at the circle center of the inner wall of the bottom end of the cavity, the upper end and the lower end of a rotating shaft of the second gear can penetrate through the connecting plate, a thirty-shaped through groove is formed in the bottom end of the, the cross-shaped insert block can penetrate through the second cross-shaped through groove and be inserted into the third cross-shaped through groove, the two sides of the second gear are respectively provided with a third gear, the rotating shaft of the third gear is movably connected with the inner wall of the bottom end of the cavity through a bearing, the third gear is meshed and matched with the second gear, the circular groove is internally provided with a second gear ring in a matched manner, the second gear ring and the second gear are concentrically arranged, the third gear can be meshed and matched with the second gear ring, the top end of the second gear ring is uniformly and fixedly provided with four supporting blocks, the supporting blocks penetrate through the annular groove, a horizontal plate is fixedly arranged between the top ends of the four supporting blocks, one side of the top surface of the horizontal plate is fixedly provided with two vertical rods which are respectively positioned at the front end and the rear end of the horizontal plate, the other side of the top surface of the horizontal plate is hinged with two fixing, a fixed plate is arranged above the horizontal plate in a matching way, the top ends of the vertical rods are hinged and connected with the bottom surface of the fixed plate, the two vertical rods are respectively positioned at the front end and the rear end of one side of the fixed plate, the top ends of the supporting rods are hinged and connected with the bottom surface of the fixed plate, the two supporting rods are respectively positioned at the front end and the rear end of the other side of the fixed plate, a horizontal first gear ring is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the horizontal plate, a group of vertical plate groups are respectively and fixedly arranged at the front end and the rear end of the top surface of the horizontal plate, a vertical plate group is positioned between the vertical rods and the fixed sleeve, each group of vertical plate groups is composed of two vertical plates, the two vertical plates in each group of vertical plate groups are respectively positioned at the two sides of the horizontal plate, the two vertical plates in each group of vertical plate groups are fixedly connected through a horizontal guide, the first cross-shaped through groove penetrates through the rotating shaft, the cross-shaped insertion block can penetrate through the second cross-shaped through groove and the third cross-shaped through groove and is inserted into the first cross-shaped through groove, a horizontal fixing rod is fixedly installed on one side edge of the rotating shaft and is positioned above the horizontal plate, a horizontal first gear is movably installed at one end of the fixing rod, the first gear is positioned in the first gear ring and is meshed and matched with the first gear ring, a lug is fixedly installed at the eccentric position of the top surface of the first gear, a strip block is arranged above the first gear ring in a matched mode, through holes are respectively formed in the front end and the rear end of one side of the strip block, each guide rod can penetrate through a corresponding through hole, a strip groove is formed in the bottom surface of the strip block, the lug can be inserted into the strip groove, the front end and the rear end of the top surface of the strip block are respectively hinged and connected with one end of, the liquid cooling device and the thermoelectric generator are fixedly arranged on the top surface of the fixed plate, a ceramic substrate is arranged above the liquid cooling device in a matching way and connected with the liquid cooling device, the liquid cooling device is connected with the thermoelectric generator, the fixed blocks are respectively and fixedly arranged on two sides of the top surface of the fixed plate, the top ends of the two fixed blocks are fixedly connected through a horizontal frame, the frame is positioned above the liquid cooling device and the thermoelectric generator, the inner walls of the front end and the rear end of the frame are respectively provided with a sliding groove, one side of the frame is provided with a first strip-shaped through groove, the front end and the rear end of the first strip-shaped through groove are respectively communicated with the inner parts of the corresponding sliding grooves, a plurality of solar panels can sequentially penetrate through the first strip-shaped through grooves and are inserted into the sliding grooves, the top surface of one side of the frame is provided with a second strip-shaped, every plug bush fit in is equipped with the inserted bar of L shape, and the vertical pole of the inserted bar of L shape inserts to the plug bush in, through spring fixed connection between the vertical pole bottom of inserted bar and the bottom inner wall of plug bush, through baffle fixed connection between the horizontal pole of two inserted bars, the baffle can insert to the rectangular shape of second and pass through the inslot.
According to the concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric generation integrated device, the inner walls of the two sides of the opening at the top end of each fixing sleeve are respectively and fixedly provided with the limiting blocks, the bottom end of each supporting rod is fixedly provided with the round block, and the round block is positioned in the fixing sleeve.
According to the concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric generation integrated device, the opposite surfaces of the two vertical plates in each group of vertical plates are respectively fixedly provided with the inclined rods, and one end of each inclined rod is fixedly connected with the top surface of the horizontal plate.
According to the concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric generation integrated device, the horizontal rods are fixedly mounted on the inner walls of the two sides of the box body respectively, the opposite ends of the two horizontal rods are fixedly connected through the ball bearings, and the telescopic rods can penetrate through the ball bearings.
According to the concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric generation integrated device, the connecting rod is made of steel.
According to the concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric generation integrated device, the lifting handle is fixedly installed at the top end of the baffle.
The invention has the advantages that: when the solar panel is required to move along with the sun, namely the solar panel is adjusted according to the position of the sun to enable the solar panel to better receive the sun irradiation, the telescopic rod extends to enable the cross-shaped insert block to penetrate through the second cross-shaped through groove to enter the third cross-shaped through groove, at the moment, the main motor starts to rotate to drive the telescopic rod to rotate, and further drive the second gear to rotate, the second gear is meshed and matched with the third gear, the third gear is meshed and matched with the second gear ring, the second gear rotates to drive the third gear to rotate, so that the second gear ring rotates, the second gear ring is fixedly connected with the supporting block, the supporting block penetrates through the annular groove, the supporting block is fixedly connected with the horizontal plate, and further the horizontal plate can rotate, so that the solar panel above the; when the angle of the solar panel needs to be adjusted, the telescopic rod continues to extend, the cross-shaped insert block passes through the third cross-shaped through groove and is inserted into the first cross-shaped through groove, the main motor drives the telescopic rod and the cross-shaped insert block to rotate, the cross-shaped insert block is connected with the rotating shaft at the moment and can further rotate by the rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the fixed rod, the fixed rod is movably connected with the first gear, the rotating shaft can enable the fixed rod to do circular motion by taking the rotating shaft as the center, the first gear moves along the first gear ring, a convex block is installed at the eccentric position of the top surface of the first gear and is inserted into the long strip groove, the first gear drives the convex block to move so that the long strip block can move along the guide rod, namely the long strip block moves towards the fixing sleeve, the long strip block is hinged with the connecting rod, the connecting rod is hinged with the supporting rod, the supporting rod is sleeved, the supporting rod moves upwards, so that the fixing plate can be turned over by taking the vertical rod as a center, namely, the other side of the fixing plate hinged with the supporting rod is gradually raised, meanwhile, the fixing plate can be supported by the connecting rod, the other side of the fixing plate is obliquely raised, the solar panel above the fixing plate can be better irradiated by the sun, and the irradiation range of the solar panel is wider; and after the solar panel is damaged, the baffle plate is lifted upwards to enable the first strip-shaped through groove to leak, then the damaged solar panel is moved towards the first strip-shaped through groove from the sliding groove, and is moved out of the frame to be replaced and maintained. The solar panel can be adjusted according to the position of the sun in one day, so that the solar panel receives more irradiation, the utilization range of the solar panel is enlarged, the utilization rate is increased, the power generation efficiency is improved, the solar panel can be replaced according to the maintenance requirement, the maintenance is more convenient, and the two devices can be driven to move by one main motor, namely the rotation of the rotating shaft and the second gear, so that the energy consumption can be saved, and the environmental pollution can be reduced. The second ring gear is located the circular slot, and the diameter of second ring gear is greater than the diameter of cavity, and the second ring gear is greater than the diameter of ring channel promptly to can inject the second ring gear through the circular slot, make the second ring gear can rotate, avoid the second ring gear to take place to rock in the rotation, the result of use is better. The vertical rod of inserted bar passes through spring coupling with the bottom inner wall of plug bush, and the spring gives the downward pulling force of inserted bar all the time, makes the inserted bar move to the plug bush bottom, and then can make the baffle can insert the rectangular shape of second and pass through the groove to block up the first rectangular shape and pass through the groove, prevent the solar panel spout, in use is more convenient.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a view of A of FIG. 1; FIG. 3 is a view of B of FIG. 1; FIG. 4 is a view toward C of FIG. 1; fig. 5 is a view in the direction D of fig. 1.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
A concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric power generation integrated device comprises a table body 1, a box body 12 with an open top is fixedly installed on the bottom surface of the table body 1, a main motor 13 is fixedly installed on the inner wall of the bottom end of the box body 12, a vertical telescopic rod 14 is fixedly installed at the top end of an output shaft of the main motor 13, a cross-shaped insert block 15 is fixedly installed at the top end of a movable rod of the telescopic rod 14, a connecting plate 5 is fixedly installed on the top surface of the table body 1, a circular cavity 23 is formed in the connecting plate 5, a circular groove 24 is formed in the inner wall of the cavity 23, the diameter of the circular groove 24 is larger than that of the cavity 23, an annular groove 25 is formed in the inner wall of the top surface of the cavity 23, the top end of the annular groove 25 is communicated with the outside, a second gear 26 is fixedly and movably installed at the center of the inner wall of the bottom end of the cavity 23, a third crossed slot 27 penetrates through the upper end and the lower end of a rotating shaft of a second gear 26, a second crossed slot 11 is formed in the top surface of the table body 1, the second crossed slot 11 is communicated with the inside of the third crossed slot 27, a cross-shaped insert block 15 can penetrate through the second crossed slot 11 and be inserted into the third crossed slot 27, third gears 28 are respectively arranged on two sides of the second gear 26, the rotating shaft of the third gear 28 is movably connected with the inner wall of the bottom end of the cavity 23 through a bearing, the third gear 28 is meshed and matched with the second gear 26, a second gear ring 29 is matched and arranged in the circular slot 24, the second gear ring 29 and the second gear 26 are concentrically arranged, the diameter of the second gear ring 29 is larger than that of the cavity 23, the second gear ring 29 is positioned in the circular slot 24 and can be limited, the third gear 28 can be meshed and matched with the second gear ring 29, four supporting blocks 30 are uniformly and fixedly installed at the top end of the second gear ring 29, the supporting block 30 penetrates through the annular groove 25, the horizontal plate 50 is fixedly installed between the top ends of the four supporting blocks 30, two vertical rods 2 are fixedly installed on one side of the top surface of the horizontal plate 50, the two vertical rods 2 are respectively located at the front end and the rear end of the horizontal plate 50, two fixing sleeves 3 with top ends opened are hinged to the other side of the top surface of the horizontal plate 50, the two fixing sleeves 3 are respectively located at the front end and the rear end of the horizontal plate 50, a supporting rod 4 is arranged in each fixing sleeve 3 in a matched mode, the supporting rod 4 moves upwards to enable the fixing plate 31 to be folded by taking the vertical rod 2 as a center, namely the other side of the fixing plate 31 is lifted up, the fixing plate 31 is arranged above the horizontal plate 50 in a matched mode, the top ends of the vertical rods 2 are hinged to the bottom surface of the fixing plate 31, the two vertical rods, a horizontal first gear ring 6 is fixedly installed on the top surface of a horizontal plate 50, a group of vertical plate groups 7 are respectively and fixedly installed at the front end and the rear end of the top surface of the horizontal plate 50, the vertical plate groups 7 are positioned between a vertical rod 2 and a fixing sleeve 3, each group of vertical plate groups 7 is composed of two vertical plates, the two vertical plates in each group of vertical plate groups 7 are respectively positioned at the two sides of the horizontal plate 50, the two vertical plates in each group of vertical plate groups 7 are fixedly connected through a horizontal guide rod 8, the guide rod 8 is positioned above the first gear ring 6, a vertical rotating shaft 9 is movably installed on the top surface of the horizontal plate 50, the rotating shaft 9 is positioned at the center of the gear ring 6, the bottom end of the rotating shaft 9 penetrates through the horizontal plate 50, a first cross-shaped through groove 10 is formed in the top end of the rotating shaft 9, the first cross-shaped through groove 10 penetrates through the rotating shaft 9, a cross-shaped insert block 15 can penetrate through a twentieth-, the fixed rod 16 is positioned above the horizontal plate 50, one end of the fixed rod 16 is movably provided with a horizontal first gear 17, the first gear 17 is positioned in the first gear ring 6 and is engaged with the first gear ring 6, the eccentric part of the top surface of the first gear 7 is fixedly provided with a lug 18, the upper part of the first gear ring 6 is provided with a strip block 19 in a matching way, the front end and the rear end of one side of the strip block 19 are respectively provided with a through hole 20, each guide rod 8 can pass through one corresponding through hole 20, the bottom surface of the strip block 19 is provided with a strip groove 21, the lug 18 can be inserted into the strip groove 21, the rotation of the rotating shaft 9 can enable the fixed rod 16 to do circular motion by taking the rotating shaft 9 as the center, the first gear 17 is driven to rotate along the first gear ring 6, the strip block 19 can be driven to reciprocate along the guide rods 8, the strip block 19 cannot stay right above the rotating shaft 9, the front end and the, one end of each connecting rod 22 is hinged with the top end of one supporting rod 4, the long block 19 drives one end of each connecting rod 22 to move towards the fixing sleeve 3, so that the other end of each connecting rod 22 moves upwards, namely the supporting rod 4 starts to move upwards, the fixing plate 31 starts to gradually incline, a storage battery 32 is fixedly arranged on one side of the top surface of the fixing plate 31, a liquid cooling device 33 and a thermoelectric generator 34 are fixedly arranged on the top surface of the fixing plate 31, a ceramic substrate 35 is arranged above the liquid cooling device 33 in a matched mode, the ceramic substrate 35 is connected with the liquid cooling device 33, the liquid cooling device 33 is connected with the thermoelectric generator 34, a solar panel is connected with the storage battery 32, photovoltaic power generation and then power storage can be carried out, meanwhile, the solar panel is cooled through the liquid cooling device 33, damage caused by overhigh temperature of the solar panel is avoided, the liquid cooling device sucks out on part, the generated electricity is stored in the storage battery 32, fixing blocks 36 are fixedly arranged on two sides of the top surface of the fixing plate 31 respectively, the top ends of the two fixing blocks 36 are fixedly connected through a horizontal frame 37, the frame 37 is positioned above the liquid cooling device 33 and the thermoelectric generator 34, sliding grooves 38 are formed in the inner walls of the front end and the rear end of the frame 37 respectively, a first strip-shaped through groove 39 is formed in one side of the frame 37, the front end and the rear end of the first strip-shaped through groove 39 are communicated with the interiors of the corresponding sliding grooves 38 respectively, a plurality of solar panels can sequentially penetrate through the first strip-shaped through groove 40 and are inserted into the sliding grooves 38, a second strip-shaped through groove 40 is formed in the top surface of one side of the frame 37, the second strip-shaped through groove 40 is communicated with the interiors of the first strip-shaped through grooves 39, hollow inserting sleeves 41 are fixedly arranged on the front end and the rear end of, the vertical pole of the inserted bar 42 of L shape inserts to the plug bush 41 in, pass through spring fixed connection between the vertical pole bottom of inserted bar 42 and the bottom inner wall of plug bush 41, pass through baffle 43 fixed connection between the horizontal pole of two inserted bars 42, baffle 43 can insert to the rectangular shape of second and pass through in the groove 40, every solar panel passes first rectangular shape and passes through groove 40 and insert to spout 38 in, solar panel gets into in the frame 37, can demolish impaired solar panel as required, and change, in use is more convenient, baffle 43 inserts in the rectangular shape of second passes through the groove 40, can shelter from the rectangular shape of second and pass through groove 40, prescribe a limit to solar panel, prevent that solar panel in use from following the interior roll-off of first spout 38. When the solar panel is required to move along with the sun, namely the solar panel is adjusted according to the position of the sun to enable the solar panel to better receive the sun radiation, the telescopic rod 14 extends to enable the cross-shaped inserting block 15 to penetrate through the second crossed slot 11 to enter the third crossed slot 27, at the moment, the main motor 13 starts to rotate to drive the telescopic rod 14 to rotate so as to drive the second gear 26 to rotate, the second gear 26 is meshed and matched with the third gear 28, the third gear 28 is meshed and matched with the second gear ring 29, the second gear 26 rotates to drive the third gear 28 to rotate so as to enable the second gear ring 29 to rotate, the second gear ring 29 is fixedly connected with the supporting block 30, the supporting block 30 penetrates through the annular groove 25, the supporting block 30 is fixedly connected with the horizontal plate 50 so as to enable the horizontal plate 50 to rotate, and therefore the solar panel above the horizontal plate 50 rotates; when the angle of the solar panel needs to be adjusted, the telescopic rod 14 continues to extend, the cross-shaped insert block 15 passes through the third cross-shaped through groove 27 and is inserted into the first cross-shaped through groove 10, at this time, the main motor 13 drives the telescopic rod 14 and the cross-shaped insert block 15 to rotate, the cross-shaped insert block 15 is connected with the rotating shaft 9 at this time, so that the rotating shaft 9 can rotate, the rotating shaft 9 is fixedly connected with the fixed rod 8, the fixed rod 8 is movably connected with the first gear 17, the rotating shaft 9 rotates to enable the fixed rod 8 to do circular motion with the rotating shaft 9 as a center, so that the first gear 17 moves along the first gear ring 6, the convex block 18 is installed at the eccentric position of the top surface of the first gear 17, the convex block 18 is inserted into the long groove 21, so that the long block 19 can move along the guide rod 8 by the movement of the first gear 17 driving the convex block 18, namely the long block 19 moves towards the fixing sleeve 3, the supporting rod 4 is matched with the fixing sleeve 3 in a sleeved mode, the strip block 19 drives the connecting rod 22 to move, so that the supporting rod 4 can move upwards along the fixing sleeve 3, the supporting rod 4 moves upwards, the fixing plate 31 can be turned over by taking the vertical rod 2 as a center, namely, the other side of the fixing plate 31 hinged to the supporting rod 4 is gradually raised, meanwhile, the fixing plate 31 can be supported through the connecting rod 22, the other side of the fixing plate 31 is obliquely raised, the solar panel above the fixing plate can be better irradiated by the sun, and the irradiation range of the solar panel is wider; and after the solar panel is damaged, the baffle plate 43 is lifted upwards to make the first strip-shaped through groove 39 leak, then the damaged solar panel is moved to the direction of the first strip-shaped through groove 39 from the chute 38, and is moved out of the frame 37, and then the replacement and maintenance are carried out. The solar panel can be adjusted according to the position of the sun in one day by the solar panel adjusting device, so that the solar panel receives more irradiation, the utilization range of the solar panel is enlarged, the utilization rate is increased, the power generation efficiency is improved, the solar panel can be replaced according to the maintenance requirement, the solar panel is more convenient to maintain, and two devices can be driven to move by one main motor 13, namely the rotation of the rotating shaft 9 and the second gear 17, so that the energy consumption can be saved, and the environmental pollution can be reduced. Second ring gear 29 is located circular slot 24, and the diameter of second ring gear 29 is greater than the diameter of cavity 23, and second ring gear 29 is greater than the diameter of ring channel 25 promptly to can inject second ring gear 29 through circular slot 24, make second ring gear 29 can rotate, avoid second ring gear 29 to take place to rock in rotatory, the result of use is better. The vertical rod of the inserted rod 42 is connected with the inner wall of the bottom end of the inserting sleeve 41 through a spring, the spring always gives downward pulling force to the inserted rod 42, the inserted rod 42 moves towards the bottom end of the inserting sleeve 41, the baffle 43 can be inserted into the second strip-shaped through groove 40, the first strip-shaped through groove 39 is shielded, a solar panel sliding groove is prevented, and the solar panel sliding groove is more convenient to use.
Specifically, the inner walls of the two sides of the top opening of each fixing sleeve 3 are respectively and fixedly provided with a limiting block 44, the bottom end of each supporting rod 4 is fixedly provided with a round block 45, and the round block 45 is positioned in the fixing sleeve 3. When the supporting rod 4 moves upwards, the supporting rod 4 can be limited by the contact and matching of the limiting block 44 and the round block 45, so that the supporting rod 4 is prevented from completely moving out of the fixed sleeve 3, and the use is more stable.
Specifically, the opposite surfaces of the two vertical plates in each vertical plate group 7 are respectively and fixedly provided with an inclined rod 46, and one end of each inclined rod 46 is fixedly connected with the top surface of the horizontal plate 50. The vertical plate, the diagonal rods 46 and the horizontal plate 50 are combined into a triangular structure, so that the structural connection is firmer and the structure is more stable in use.
Further, horizontal rods 47 are fixedly installed on the inner walls of the two sides of the box body 12 respectively, the opposite ends of the two horizontal rods 47 are fixedly connected through ball bearings 48, and the telescopic rod 14 can penetrate through the ball bearings 48. In the rotating process of the telescopic rod 14, the ball bearings 48 are matched with the telescopic rod 14 in a sleeved mode, so that the telescopic rod 14 is prevented from shaking due to overlong, and the telescopic rod 14 is more stable in use.
Furthermore, the connecting rod 22 in this embodiment is made of steel. The steel connecting rod 22 has high strength, is firmer in use and has longer service life.
Further, the handle 49 is fixedly installed at the top end of the baffle 43 in the embodiment. The lifting handle 49 is arranged at the top end of the baffle 43, and the baffle 43 is lifted upwards, so that a better acting point is achieved, and the lifting is more convenient.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above examples are only intended to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, but not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; and such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a spotlight photovoltaic-thermoelectric generation integrated device which characterized in that: comprises a table body (1), a box body (12) with an opening at the top is fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of the table body (1), a main motor (13) is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the bottom end of the box body (12), a vertical telescopic rod (14) is fixedly arranged at the top end of an output shaft of the main motor (13), a cross-shaped insert block (15) is fixedly arranged at the top end of a movable rod of the telescopic rod (14), a connecting plate (5) is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the table body (1), a circular cavity (23) is arranged in the connecting plate (5), a circular groove (24) is formed in the inner wall of the cavity (23), an annular groove (25) is formed in the inner wall of the top surface of the cavity (23), the top end of the annular groove (25) is communicated with the outside, a second gear (26) is fixedly and movably arranged at the circle center of the inner wall of the bottom end of the cavity (23), the upper end, a third crossed groove (27) penetrates through the upper end and the lower end of a rotating shaft of the second gear (26), a second crossed groove (11) is formed in the top surface of the table body (1), the second crossed groove (11) is communicated with the interior of the third crossed groove (27), a cross-shaped insert block (15) can penetrate through the second crossed groove (11) and be inserted into the third crossed groove (27), third gears (28) are respectively arranged on two sides of the second gear (26), the rotating shaft of each third gear (28) is movably connected with the inner wall of the bottom end of the cavity (23) through a bearing, the third gears (28) are meshed and matched with the second gears (26), second gear rings (29) are arranged in the circular grooves (24) in a matched mode, the second gear rings (29) and the second gears (26) are arranged concentrically, the third gears (28) can be meshed and matched with the second gear rings (29), and four supporting blocks (30) are uniformly and fixedly installed at the top ends of the second gear rings (29), the supporting blocks (30) penetrate through the annular grooves (25), the horizontal plates (50) are fixedly installed between the top ends of the four supporting blocks (30), two vertical rods (2) are fixedly installed on one side of the top surface of each horizontal plate (50), the two vertical rods (2) are respectively located at the front end and the rear end of each horizontal plate (50), two fixing sleeves (3) with top ends opened are installed on the other side of the top surface of each horizontal plate (50) in a hinged mode, the two fixing sleeves (3) are respectively located at the front end and the rear end of each horizontal plate (50), supporting rods (4) are arranged in each fixing sleeve (3) in a matched mode, a fixing plate (31) is arranged above each horizontal plate (50) in a matched mode, the top ends of the vertical rods (2) are connected with the bottom surface of the fixing plate (31) in a hinged mode, the two vertical rods (2) are respectively located at the front end and the rear end of one side of each fixing, a horizontal first gear ring (6) is fixedly installed on the top surface of a horizontal plate (50), a group of vertical plate groups (7) is respectively and fixedly installed at the front end and the rear end of the top surface of the horizontal plate (50), the vertical plate groups (7) are positioned between a vertical rod (2) and a fixing sleeve (3), each group of vertical plate groups (7) is composed of two vertical plates, two vertical plates in each group of vertical plate groups (7) are respectively positioned at two sides of the horizontal plate (50), two vertical plates in each group of vertical plate groups (7) are fixedly connected through a horizontal guide rod (8), the guide rod (8) is positioned above the first gear ring (6), a vertical rotating shaft (9) is movably installed on the top surface of the horizontal plate (50), the rotating shaft (9) is positioned at the circle center of the gear ring (6), the bottom end of the rotating shaft (9) penetrates through the horizontal plate (50), a first cross-shaped through groove (10) is formed in the top end of the rotating shaft, the cross-shaped insert block (15) can penetrate through the cross-shaped through groove (11) and the cross-shaped through groove (27) and is inserted into the first cross-shaped through groove (10), a horizontal fixing rod (16) is fixedly installed on one side edge of the rotating shaft (9), the fixing rod (16) is positioned above the horizontal plate (50), a horizontal first gear (17) is movably installed at one end of the fixing rod (16), the first gear (17) is positioned in the first gear ring (6) and is in meshed fit with the first gear ring (6), a convex block (18) is fixedly installed at the eccentric position of the top surface of the first gear (17), a long strip block (19) is arranged above the first gear ring (6) in a matched mode, through holes (20) are respectively formed in the front end and the rear end of one side of the long strip block (19), each guide rod (8) can penetrate through one corresponding through hole (20), a long strip groove (21) is formed in the bottom surface of the long strip block (19), and the convex block (18) can, the front end and the rear end of the top surface of the long block (19) are respectively hinged with one end of a connecting rod (22), one end of each connecting rod (22) is hinged with the top end of one supporting rod (4), one side of the top surface of the fixing plate (31) is fixedly provided with a storage battery (32), the top surface of the fixing plate (31) is fixedly provided with a liquid cooling device (33) and a thermoelectric generator (34), a ceramic substrate (35) is arranged above the liquid cooling device (33) in a matching way, the ceramic substrate (35) is connected with the liquid cooling device (33), the liquid cooling device (33) is connected with the thermoelectric generator (34), the two sides of the top surface of the fixing plate (31) are respectively fixedly provided with fixing blocks (36), the top ends of the two fixing blocks (36) are fixedly connected through a horizontal frame (37), the frame (37) is positioned above the liquid cooling device (33) and the, a first strip-shaped through groove (39) is formed in one side of a frame (37), the front end and the rear end of the first strip-shaped through groove (39) are respectively communicated with the interior of a corresponding sliding groove (38), a plurality of solar panels can sequentially penetrate through the first strip-shaped through groove (40) and are inserted into the sliding groove (38), a second strip-shaped through groove (40) is formed in the top surface of one side of the frame (37), the second strip-shaped through groove (40) is communicated with the interior of the first strip-shaped through groove (39), internally hollow inserting sleeves (41) are respectively and fixedly installed at the front end and the rear end of one side of the frame (37), the top of each inserting sleeve (41) is opened, an L-shaped inserting rod (42) is arranged in each inserting sleeve (41) in a matched mode, a vertical rod of the L-shaped inserting rod (42) is inserted into the inserting sleeve (41), the bottom end of the vertical rod of the inserting rod (42) is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the bottom end of the inserting sleeve (41) through a, the baffle (43) can be inserted into the second elongated through slot (40).
2. The integrated concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric generation device according to claim 1, wherein: and limiting blocks (44) are respectively and fixedly arranged on the inner walls of the two sides of the opening at the top end of each fixed sleeve (3), a round block (45) is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of each supporting rod (4), and the round block (45) is positioned in the fixed sleeve (3).
3. The integrated concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric generation device according to claim 1, wherein: the opposite surfaces of the two vertical plates in each group of vertical plate groups (7) are respectively fixedly provided with an inclined rod (46), and one end of each inclined rod (46) is fixedly connected with the top surface of the horizontal plate (50).
4. The integrated concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric generation device according to claim 1, wherein: the inner walls of two sides of the box body (12) are respectively and fixedly provided with horizontal rods (47), opposite ends of the two horizontal rods (47) are fixedly connected through ball bearings (48), and the telescopic rod (14) can penetrate through the ball bearings (48).
5. The integrated concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric generation device according to claim 1, wherein: the connecting rod (22) is made of steel.
6. The integrated concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric generation device according to claim 1, wherein: the top end of the baffle (43) is fixedly provided with a handle (49).
CN201810884903.9A 2018-08-06 2018-08-06 Concentrating photovoltaic-thermoelectric power generation integrated device Active CN109217784B (en)

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CN110984361B (en) * 2019-11-26 2021-03-23 河南职业技术学院 Ecological environment-friendly building utilizing green energy

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CN204945808U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-06 浙江大学台州研究院 Single motor positive and inverse controls sun following device
CN106330076A (en) * 2016-10-08 2017-01-11 潍坊强胜新能源有限公司 Single-drive double-shaft linkage tracking mechanism for distributed solar lighting array

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CN201789371U (en) * 2010-02-24 2011-04-06 北京印刷学院 Single-motor double-shaft following quasi-three-dimensional solar street lamp tracking lighting device driven by vertical shafts
CN202694157U (en) * 2012-06-27 2013-01-23 华北电力大学 Device for utilizing single motor to realize solar double-axis tracking
CN203984326U (en) * 2014-07-20 2014-12-03 河北工程技术高等专科学校 One is singly driven Dual-spindle linked solar energy tracking device
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