CN109212380B - High-voltage line cycle inspection device based on GPS - Google Patents

High-voltage line cycle inspection device based on GPS Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109212380B
CN109212380B CN201811282944.7A CN201811282944A CN109212380B CN 109212380 B CN109212380 B CN 109212380B CN 201811282944 A CN201811282944 A CN 201811282944A CN 109212380 B CN109212380 B CN 109212380B
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base
fixed
gps
sliding
barrel
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CN109212380A (en
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刘建明
其他发明人请求不公开姓名
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刘建明
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R31/00Arrangements for testing electric properties; Arrangements for locating electric faults; Arrangements for electrical testing characterised by what is being tested not provided for elsewhere
    • G01R31/08Locating faults in cables, transmission lines, or networks
    • G01R31/081Locating faults in cables, transmission lines, or networks according to type of conductors
    • G01R31/085Locating faults in cables, transmission lines, or networks according to type of conductors in power transmission or distribution lines, e.g. overhead
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R31/00Arrangements for testing electric properties; Arrangements for locating electric faults; Arrangements for electrical testing characterised by what is being tested not provided for elsewhere
    • G01R31/50Testing of electric apparatus, lines, cables or components for short-circuits, continuity, leakage current or incorrect line connections
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • G01S19/14Receivers specially adapted for specific applications
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G1/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines
    • H02G1/02Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for overhead lines or cables
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G7/00Overhead installations of electric lines or cables
    • H02G7/16Devices for removing snow or ice from lines or cables

Abstract

The invention discloses a GPS-based high-voltage line periodic inspection device, which comprises a cylinder, snow-removing devices, clamping devices, driving devices, weight-reducing devices, solar cell panels and protective devices, wherein the snow-removing devices are symmetrically fixed at two ends of the cylinder, the clamping devices are arranged in the cylinder, every three clamping devices are annularly and uniformly distributed on the inner wall of the cylinder and are equidistantly arranged in three rows, a base is fixed at the bottom of the cylinder, the driving devices are respectively fixed at four corners at the bottom of the base, the driving devices at one end of the base and the driving devices at the other end of the base face in opposite directions, the GPS-based high-voltage line periodic inspection device has high inspection speed and high efficiency, can be detected when a fine fault occurs in a high-voltage line, is prevented from happening in the bud, has low power consumption, adopts solar power supply, can be accurately positioned by the GPS after the fault is detected, and (6) quick overhaul.

Description

High-voltage line cycle inspection device based on GPS
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of high-voltage line fault detection, in particular to a GPS-based high-voltage line cycle inspection device.
Background
The high-voltage line generally refers to a power transmission line for transmitting voltage of more than 10kV (including 10kV), according to the regulation in GB/T2900.50-2008, definition 2.1, the high voltage does not generally contain 1000V, and the voltage grades of the high-voltage power transmission line in China are generally divided into: 35kV, 110kV, 220kV, 330kV, 500kV, 750kV and the like.
The high-voltage overhead transmission line generally adopts steel-cored aluminum stranded wires, the transmission line is fragile under the combined action of huge variable tension, bending stress caused by vibration and long-term fatigue caused by rapid change of air temperature, surface damage is caused under the action of lightning stroke and electric flashover, so that the high-voltage overhead transmission line is inevitably cracked and broken, and the defects of the transmission and transformation equipment and personal safety of the wire are seriously threatened.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a GPS-based high-voltage line period inspection device to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a high tension line periodic inspection device based on GPS, includes barrel, snow device, latch device, drive arrangement, subtracts heavy device, solar cell panel and protector, its characterized in that: the snow removing device is fixed with to the both ends symmetry of barrel, be equipped with latch device in the barrel, latch device is equipped with nine, and every three annular equipartition is at the inner wall of barrel, and the equidistance is equipped with three rows, the bottom of barrel is fixed with the base, four angles in the bottom of base are fixed with a drive arrangement respectively, and the drive arrangement who is located base one end and the drive arrangement orientation that is located the base other end are opposite, the positive rigidity in base bottom has the device that subtracts weight, the bilateral symmetry at base top is fixed with solar cell panel, and solar cell panel slope fixes on the barrel, the solar cell panel outside is equipped with protector, protector fixes on the base, the base top is fixed with sensor detection module, GPS module, central processing unit module and stand-by power supply.
Preferably, the sensor detection module and the GPS module are fixed on one side of the base, and the central processor module and the standby power supply are fixed on the other side of the base.
Preferably, the sensor detection module, the GPS module, the central processing unit module and the standby power supply are all located below the inner side of the solar cell panel.
The invention can also be said to be a high-voltage line intelligent inspection device, the snow eliminating device comprises an outer cover, an inner cover and a hot air drum barrel, the outer cover and the inner cover are both fixed at the end part of the barrel, the outer cover is sleeved at the outer side of the inner cover, and the hot air drum barrel is fixedly connected to the inner cover.
The invention can also be said to be a GPS-based line periodic inspection device, the clamping device comprises a sliding cylinder, an electromagnet plate, a first spring, a baffle, a sliding rod and a ball, the sliding cylinder is fixed on the inner wall of the cylinder body, the electromagnet plate is fixed at the bottom in the sliding cylinder, one side of the electromagnet plate is fixedly connected with one end of the first spring, the other end of the first spring is fixedly connected with the baffle, the baffle is in sliding fit with the sliding cylinder, one side of the baffle, far away from the first spring, is fixedly connected with one end of the sliding rod, the sliding rod penetrates out of the sliding cylinder, and the ball is movably embedded at the other end of the sliding rod.
The invention can also be said to be a high-voltage line inspection device based on GPS, the driving device comprises a driving cover, a supporting table, a first motor, a first rotating shaft, a supporting block and a first rotor wing, the driving cover is fixed at the bottom of the base, the supporting table is fixed in the driving cover, the first motor and the supporting block are fixed at the top of the supporting table, the output end of the first motor is fixedly connected with one end of the first rotating shaft, the first rotating shaft penetrates through the supporting block and is movably connected with the supporting block through a bearing, and the other end of the first rotating shaft is fixed at the input end of the first rotor wing.
The invention can also be said to be a GPS inspection device for a high-voltage line, wherein the weight reduction device comprises a weight reduction frame, a second motor, a second rotating shaft and a second rotor wing, the weight reduction frame is fixedly connected with the base, the second motor is fixed at the top of the weight reduction frame, the output end of the second motor is fixedly connected with one end of the second rotating shaft, the second rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the weight reduction frame through a bearing, and the other end of the second rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the second rotor wing.
The invention also relates to a GPS-based intelligent high-voltage line inspection device, which comprises a protective frame and an elastic buffer device, wherein the protective frame is arranged at the outer side of the solar cell panel, the elastic buffer device is fixed at four corners of one side of the protective frame, which is close to the barrel, and the protective frame is respectively and fixedly connected with the base and the barrel through the elastic buffer device.
The invention can also be said to be a high-voltage line inspection device based on GPS satellite positioning, the elastic buffer device comprises a sliding sleeve, a second spring, a sliding plate and a supporting rod, the sliding sleeve is fixedly connected with the barrel or the base, the bottom in the sliding sleeve is fixedly connected with one end of the second spring, the other end of the second spring is fixedly connected with the sliding plate, the sliding plate is in sliding fit with the sliding sleeve, one side of the sliding plate, far away from the second spring, is fixedly connected with one end of the supporting rod, and the other end of the supporting rod penetrates through the sliding sleeve to be connected with the protective frame.
The invention can also be said to be a safe and efficient line intelligent inspection device, the outer cover comprises an outer cover main body and an outer cover auxiliary body, the inner cover comprises an inner cover main body and an inner cover auxiliary body, the barrel comprises a barrel main body and a barrel auxiliary body, the outer cover main body and the inner cover main body are both fixed at two ends of the barrel main body, the outer cover auxiliary body and the inner cover auxiliary body are both fixed at two ends of the barrel auxiliary body, the hot air drum is fixedly connected with the inner cover main body, a pull ring is fixed at the top of the barrel auxiliary body, the outer cover auxiliary body, the inner cover auxiliary body, the barrel auxiliary body and the pull ring form a drawing part of the inspection device, the outer cover auxiliary body is connected with the outer cover main body through a connecting sheet, and the connecting sheet is fixed.
The invention can also be said to be a GPS satellite positioning cycle inspection device for high-voltage lines, wherein two sides of the base are respectively provided with a sliding rail, the sliding rails are connected with sliding blocks in a sliding manner, the two sliding blocks are respectively connected with two sides of a sliding frame, the sliding frame is connected with a fourth motor, the output end of the fourth motor is connected with one end of a fourth rotating shaft, the fourth rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the sliding frame through a bearing, and the other end of the fourth rotating shaft is connected with a deicing sliding device.
Preferably, the carriage is removable by sliding rails.
Preferably, the deicing slide device comprises a connecting plate, a partition plate, an inductor, a regulating part, a pull rope, a slide carriage, a supporting sleeve and a collecting box, the fourth rotating shaft is connected with the partition plate, the inductor is installed on the front side of the partition plate, the connecting plate is fixed on two sides of the bottom of the front end of the partition plate respectively, the bottom of the rear side of the partition plate is connected with the top of the rear side of the collecting box, the top of the front side of the collecting box is connected with the connecting plate, a gap is reserved between the partition plate and the collecting box, the bottom of the connecting plate is hinged to the slide carriage respectively, the bottom of the slide carriage is connected with the supporting sleeve, one end of the pull rope is connected to two sides of the tail end of the supporting.
Preferably, the adjusting piece is an electric telescopic rod or an electric winding wheel.
Preferably, holes are uniformly formed in the bottom of the collecting box.
Preferably, the cross section of the supporting sleeve is in a hook shape.
Preferably, the included angle between the pull rope and the slide carriage is 45-60 degrees.
Preferably, a buffer layer is arranged on the slide carriage.
Preferably, a cylindrical grinding block is installed in the collection box, a third motor is fixed on the outer side of the collection box, third rotating shafts are connected to two sides of the cylindrical grinding block respectively and are rotatably connected with the left side and the right side of the collection box through bearings respectively, and the output end of the third motor is connected with the third rotating shaft on one side of the cylindrical grinding block.
Preferably, there are two cylindrical grinding blocks, the two cylindrical grinding blocks are close to each other, the two cylindrical grinding blocks are respectively close to the inner walls of the front side and the rear side of the collecting box, and the two cylindrical grinding blocks are close to the inner wall of the bottom of the collecting box.
Preferably, deicing swift current device includes the connecting plate, the baffle, the inductor, the regulating part, the stay cord, the carriage apron, the extension rod, the bag keeps in, layer board and collecting box, the fourth pivot links to each other with the baffle, the inductor is installed to the front side of baffle, the bottom both sides of the front end of baffle are fixed with the connecting plate respectively, the rear side top of collecting box is connected to the rear side bottom of baffle, the front side top of collecting box links to each other with the connecting plate, the bottom of connecting plate is articulated with the carriage apron respectively, the both sides of the bottom of carriage apron are connected with the extension rod respectively, the bottom of two extension rods is connected with the layer board, the sack of the bag of keeping in respectively with the bottom of carriage apron, two extension rods and layer board are connected, the one end of stay cord is connected respectively to the both sides of the free end of layer board.
Preferably, the included angle between the supporting plate and the extension rod is 30-45 degrees.
Preferably, the inner bottom of the temporary storage bag is connected with an air bag, the outer wall of the front side of the collecting box is connected with an electric inflator pump, the electric inflator pump is connected with one end of an air pipe, and the other end of the air pipe penetrates through the temporary storage bag to be communicated with the air bag.
Preferably, the central processing unit module is electrically connected with the solar cell panel, the electromagnet plate, the hot air drum, the sensor, the adjusting piece, the first motor, the second motor, the third motor, the fourth motor, the electric inflator pump, the sensor detection module, the GPS module and the standby power supply respectively, the solar cell panel is electrically connected with the central processing unit module, the electromagnet plate, the hot air drum, the sensor, the adjusting piece, the first motor, the second motor, the third motor, the fourth motor, the electric inflator pump, the sensor detection module, the GPS module and the standby power supply respectively, and the standby power supply is electrically connected with the central processing unit module, the electromagnet plate, the hot air drum, the sensor, the adjusting piece, the first motor, the second motor, the third motor, the fourth motor, the electric inflator pump, the sensor detection module, the GPS module and the solar cell panel respectively.
Preferably, the sensor detection module includes an infrared sensor, an electromagnetic sensor, a temperature sensor, and a voltage sensor.
Preferably, the sliding block is pushed by a pushing mechanism, the pushing mechanism can push the sliding block in two opposite directions, and the pushing direction is consistent with the driving direction of the driving device. When the driving direction of the driving device is forward, the pushing mechanism pushes the sliding block forward, and when the driving direction of the driving device is backward, the pushing mechanism pushes the sliding block backward.
The central processing unit, the standby power supply, the solar cell panel and the pushing mechanism are electrically connected.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. when the high-voltage wire clamping device is used, the barrel is sleeved on a high-voltage wire, the barrel is annularly clamped on the outer side of the high-voltage wire through the clamping device in the barrel and used for supporting the barrel to move on the high-voltage wire, the electromagnet plate is arranged in the clamping device, the magnetic force can be controlled by controlling the electrifying current of the electromagnet plate, and therefore the state of adjusting the first spring is achieved.
2. The snow eliminating devices arranged at the two ends of the cylinder body can eliminate the accumulated snow on the high-voltage line through the hot air drum between the outer cover and the inner cover in rainy and snowy weather, so that the accumulated snow cannot crush the line, and the outer cover and the inner cover are obliquely arranged, so that hot air can be gathered in the center, the snow is eliminated conveniently, the air resistance is reduced, and the inspection device can move conveniently.
3. The invention can drive the inspection device to move on the high-voltage line through the arranged driving device, periodically inspect, drive the first rotor wing to rotate through the first motor in the driving device to generate thrust, and the two driving devices at the two ends of the base are in different directions, when in use, only the driving device at the same side needs to be continuously started, and the driving device at the other side needs to be closed, so that the purpose of changing the direction of the inspection device on the high-voltage line can be achieved.
4. The ice slip removing device removes ice slips under a high-voltage wire in ice and snow weather, so that the ice slips cannot crush a circuit, and the ice slips cannot fall from the high altitude to cause potential safety hazards after the weather is heated. And starting the fourth motor according to the driving direction, and driving the deicing slide device to rotate by the rotating shaft so that the front side of the deicing slide device is consistent with the driving direction. The slide block is pushed by the pushing mechanism, and the pushing direction is consistent with the driving direction of the driving device. Through the deicing swift current device that sets up, there is the skating in the place ahead when the inductor senses, drive arrangement stop work, the shrink of drive regulating part draws the stay cord to the lifting, the stay cord drives the tail end of bearing sleeve and the swift current board upwards holds in the palm and rolls over the skating swift current, the swift current board upwards rolls over and the contained angle between the connecting plate becomes littleer and more from 180 degrees, when contained angle between swift current board and the connecting plate is 120 and adds 135 degrees, the bearing sleeve can roll over the skating, fall on the swift current board after the skating is rolled over, the bearing sleeve can prevent that the skating from landing from the swift current board. The adjusting piece is continuously contracted to lift the pull rope upwards, and when the included angle between the slide carriage and the connecting plate is 45-70 degrees, the ice skate can slide into the collecting box from the support sleeve and the slide carriage. The ice slips are collected in the collecting box, so that the phenomenon that the ice slips directly fall to accidentally injure pedestrians and damage vehicles is avoided, and potential safety hazards are caused. The driving device continues to work and drives forwards to detect the high-voltage wire. The function of the clapboard is to prevent ice scraps from entering the driving device and the weight reduction device when the ice is removed.
5. The cylindrical grinding block is arranged in the collecting box, the third motor is started, and the third motor drives the cylindrical grinding block to grind or convert ice slips in the collecting box into water to be discharged from a hole in the bottom of the collecting box. The design can accelerate the speed of ice slips in the collecting box to be discharged out of the box, reduce the weight of the collecting box and ensure that the equipment can be recycled.
6. The temporary storage bag can be used for temporarily storing the ice slips folded by the supporting plate, when the ice slips are removed, the included angle between the sliding plate and the connecting plate only needs to be adjusted to be 120-plus 135 degrees from 180 degrees, and the supporting plate can drop the ice slips downwards when the stay cord is put down downwards due to the extension of the adjusting piece because the included angle between the sliding plate and the connecting plate is smaller than a right angle. Therefore, the driving device does not need to stop working when the deicing slips are arranged, and the deicing slips can be driven at the same time, so that the working efficiency is improved. The driving adjusting piece shrinks and pulls the pull rope upwards, when the included angle between the slide carriage and the connecting plate is 120-degree, the supporting plate can support and fold the ice skate, some ice skate directly falls into the temporary storage bag after being folded, some ice skate falls onto the slide carriage, and when the driving adjusting piece extends and falls down the pull rope, the ice skate can slide into the temporary storage bag along the slide carriage. When the ice slips in the temporary storage bag need to be poured into the collection box, the adjusting piece is driven to contract to lift the pull rope upwards, when the included angle between the slip and the connecting plate is 45-70 degrees, the electric inflating pump starts to inflate the air bag, the air bag is inflated to slowly fill the temporary storage bag, so that the ice slips are extruded out of the temporary storage bag by the inflated air bag, and then the ice slips into the collection box along the slip. The included angle between the supporting plate and the extension rod is 30-45 degrees. After the supporting plate is arranged to support and fold the ice and slide, the supporting plate can prevent the folded ice and slide. The slide carriage is provided with a buffer layer. Thus, the skate falling on the skateboard is prevented from being popped up by the reaction force of the skateboard and falling. The sliding rack can be detached from the sliding rail through the sliding block. The design is that the carriage and the deicing swift current device of connecting under the carriage can be dismantled to the weather of ice and snow not like this, and ice and snow weather is loaded again.
7. The invention can detect the state of the high-voltage line and the voltage of the high-voltage line, due to the structure of the power transmission conductor and the skin effect of current, when the steel-cored aluminum strand is broken and the strand is broken, the temperature field of the aluminum strand at the broken strand can be suddenly changed, the magnetic field gradient change after the magnetization is very small, the magnetic field change of the steel strand at the strand breaking position after the magnetization is just opposite, the infrared sensor can effectively detect the change of the temperature field of the aluminum strand, the infrared sensor and the electromagnetic sensor are adopted to respectively detect the strand breaking conditions of the steel core and the aluminum strand, the voltage sensor is used to detect the voltage condition of the wire, therefore, the line fault position can be quickly inspected, the fault position is determined through the GPS module, the infrared sensor is PM622, the electromagnetic sensor is SW-1924H1, the temperature sensor is WZP-PT100, and the voltage sensor is TBV 025A.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a use state according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of an internal structure of the first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic front view of a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of an internal structure of a third clamping device according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a third clamping device according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a driving device according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic internal structural view of a driving device according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a weight reducing device according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a sixth embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of an elastic buffer device according to a seventh embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic front view of an eighth embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of an eighth embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic front view of a ninth embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 15 is a schematic front view of a tenth embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 16 is a schematic structural view of a deicing slide apparatus according to a tenth embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of a deicing slide apparatus according to an eleventh embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 18 is a partial schematic structural view of an eleventh embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 19 is a schematic structural view of a deicing slide according to a twelfth embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 20 is a schematic sectional view of a deicing slide according to a thirteenth embodiment of the present invention;
in the figure: 1-a cylinder body; 2-snow removal devices; 3-a clamping device; 4-a drive device; 5-a weight reduction device; 6-solar panel; 7-a guard; 8-a sensor detection module; 9-a GPS module; 10-a central processor module; 11-a standby power supply; 12-a slide cylinder; 13-an electromagnet plate; 14-a first spring; 15-a baffle; 16-a slide bar; 17-a ball bearing; 18-a drive housing; 19-a support table; 20-a first motor; 21-a first rotating shaft; 22-a support block; 23-a first rotor; 24-a weight reducing frame; 25-a second motor; 26-a second shaft; 27-a second rotor; 28-a housing; 29-inner cover; 30-hot air blowing cylinder; 31-a protective frame; 32-a resilient cushioning means; 33-a sliding sleeve; 34-a second spring; 35-a slide plate; 36-a support bar; 37-a base; 38-the outer cover auxiliary body; 39-a housing body; 40-inner cover auxiliary body; 41-inner cover body; 42-a cartridge body; 43-cylinder auxiliary body; 44-a tab; 45-connecting sheets; 46-a connecting plate; 47-a separator; 48-a sensor; 49-an adjustment member; 50-a pull rope; 51-slide carriage; 52-support sleeve; 53-collection box; 54-a third motor; 55-cylindrical grinding block; 56-an extension rod; 57-temporary storage bag; 58-pallet; 59-air bag; 60-trachea; 61-electric inflator pump; 62-a de-ice skating device; 63-a slide rail; 64-a slide block; 65-carriage, 66-fourth motor; 67-rotating shaft; 68-a gap; 69-third axis of rotation.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3 in the first embodiment, a high-voltage line cycle inspection device based on a GPS includes a barrel 1, a snow removing device 2, a latch device 3, a driving device 4, a weight reducing device 5, a solar panel 6, and a protection device 7, and is characterized in that: snow removing devices 2 are symmetrically fixed to two ends of a barrel body 1, clamping devices 3 are arranged in the barrel body 1, nine clamping devices 3 are arranged, every three annular uniform distribution is formed in the inner wall of the barrel body 1, three rows of clamping devices are arranged at equal intervals, a base 37 is fixed to the bottom of the barrel body 1, driving devices 4 are fixed to four corners of the bottom of the base 37 respectively, the driving devices 4 located at one end of the base 37 and the driving devices 4 located at the other end of the base 37 face oppositely, a weight reducing device 5 is fixed to the middle position of the bottom of the base 37, solar panels 6 are fixed to two sides of the top of the base 37 symmetrically, the solar panels 6 are obliquely fixed to the barrel body 1, a protective device 7 is arranged on the outer side of each solar panel 6, the protective device 7 is fixed to the base 37, and sensor detection modules 8 and sensor detection modules are fixed to the top, A GPS module 9, a central processor module 10 and a backup power supply 11. The sensor detection module 8 and the GPS module 9 are fixed on one side of the base 37, and the central processor module 10 and the standby power supply 11 are fixed on the other side of the base 37. The sensor detection module 8, the GPS module 9, the CPU module 10 and the standby power supply 11 are all positioned below the inner side of the solar cell panel 6.
Referring to fig. 4, the snow removing device 2 includes an outer cover 28, an inner cover 29 and a hot blast cylinder 30, wherein the outer cover 28 and the inner cover 29 are fixed at the end of the barrel 1, the outer cover 28 is sleeved outside the inner cover 29, and the hot blast cylinder 30 is fixedly connected to the inner cover 29.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, in a third embodiment, the clamping device 3 includes a sliding barrel 12, an electromagnetic plate 13, a first spring 14, a baffle 15, a sliding rod 16 and a ball 17, the sliding barrel 12 is fixed on the inner wall of the barrel 1, the electromagnetic plate 13 is fixed at the bottom of the sliding barrel 12, one side of the electromagnetic plate 13 is fixedly connected with one end of the first spring 14, the other end of the first spring 14 is fixedly connected with the baffle 15, the baffle 15 is in sliding fit with the sliding barrel 12, one side of the baffle 15 far away from the first spring 14 is fixedly connected with one end of the sliding rod 16, the sliding rod 16 penetrates out of the sliding barrel 12, and the ball 17 is movably embedded at the other end of the sliding rod 16.
Referring to fig. 7 and 8, in an embodiment, the driving device 4 includes a driving cover 18, a supporting block 19, a first motor 20, a first rotating shaft 21, a supporting block 22, and a first rotor 23, the driving cover 18 is fixed at the bottom of a base 37, the supporting block 19 is fixed in the driving cover 18, the first motor 20 and the supporting block 22 are fixed at the top of the supporting block 19, an output end of the first motor 20 is fixedly connected to one end of the first rotating shaft 21, the first rotating shaft 21 penetrates through the supporting block 22 and is movably connected to the supporting block 22 through a bearing, and an input end of the first rotor 23 is fixed at the other end of the first rotating shaft 21.
In an embodiment, referring to fig. 9, the weight reducing device 5 includes a weight reducing frame 24, a second motor 25, a second rotating shaft 26 and a second rotor 27, the weight reducing frame 24 is fixedly connected to a base 37, the second motor 25 is fixed to the top of the weight reducing frame 24, an output end of the second motor 25 is fixedly connected to one end of the second rotating shaft 26, the second rotating shaft 26 is rotatably connected to the weight reducing frame 24 through a bearing, and the other end of the second rotating shaft 26 is fixedly connected to the second rotor 27.
In an embodiment, referring to fig. 10, the protection device 7 includes a protection frame 31 and an elastic buffer device 32, the protection frame 31 is disposed at an outer side of the solar cell panel 6, four corners of one side of the protection frame 31 close to the barrel 1 are all fixed with the elastic buffer device 32, and the protection frame 31 is respectively and fixedly connected to the base 37 and the barrel 1 through the elastic buffer device 32.
In an embodiment, referring to fig. 11, the elastic buffer device 32 includes a sliding sleeve 33, a second spring 34, a sliding plate 35 and a supporting rod 36, the sliding sleeve 33 is fixedly connected with the barrel 1 or the base 37, the bottom of the sliding sleeve 33 is fixedly connected with one end of the second spring 34, the other end of the second spring 34 is fixedly connected with the sliding plate 35, the sliding plate 35 is in sliding fit with the sliding sleeve 33, one side of the sliding plate 35, which is away from the second spring 34, is fixedly connected with one end of the supporting rod 36, and the other end of the supporting rod 36 penetrates through the sliding sleeve 33 and is connected with the protection frame 31.
Embodiment eight please refer to fig. 12 and 13, the outer cover 28 includes an outer cover main body 39 and an outer cover auxiliary body 38, the inner cover 29 includes an inner cover main body 41 and an inner cover auxiliary body 40, the barrel 1 includes a barrel main body 42 and a barrel auxiliary body 43, the outer cover main body 39 and the inner cover main body 41 are both fixed at two ends of the barrel main body 42, the outer cover auxiliary body 38 and the inner cover auxiliary body 40 are both fixed at two ends of the barrel auxiliary body 43, the hot blast barrel 30 is fixedly connected with the inner cover main body 41, a pull ring 44 is fixed at the top of the barrel auxiliary body 43, the outer cover auxiliary body 38, the inner cover auxiliary body 40, the barrel auxiliary body 43 and the pull ring 44 form a drawing part of the inspection device, the outer cover auxiliary body 38 is connected with the outer cover main body 39 through a connecting sheet 45, and the connecting sheet 45 is fixed through a screw.
In an embodiment, referring to fig. 14, two sides of the base 37 are respectively provided with a slide rail 63, the slide rail 63 is slidably connected with a slide block 64, the two slide blocks 64 are respectively connected with two sides of a sliding frame 65, the sliding frame 65 is connected with a fourth motor 66, an output end of the fourth motor 66 is connected with one end of a fourth rotating shaft 67, the fourth rotating shaft 67 is rotatably connected with the sliding frame 65 through a bearing, and the other end of the fourth rotating shaft 67 is connected with a deicing slide device 62. The carriage 65 is removable by means of the slide 63.
Referring to fig. 15 and 16, in an embodiment, the ice removing device 62 includes a connecting plate 46, a partition plate 47, an inductor 48, a regulating member 49, a pulling rope 50, a slide carriage 51, a supporting sleeve 52 and a collecting box 53, a fourth rotating shaft 67 is connected to the partition plate 47, the inductor 48 is installed on the front side of the partition plate 47, the connecting plate 46 is fixed on each of the two sides of the bottom of the front end of the partition plate 47, the bottom of the rear side of the partition plate 47 is connected to the top of the rear side of the collecting box 53, the top of the front side of the collecting box 53 is connected to the connecting plate 46, a gap 68 is left between the partition plate 47 and the collecting box 53, the bottom end of the connecting plate 46 is hinged to the slide carriage 51, the bottom end of the slide carriage 51 is connected to the supporting sleeve 52, each of the two sides of the tail end of the supporting sleeve 52 is connected to one. The adjusting piece 49 is an electric telescopic rod or an electric winding wheel. The bottom of the collecting box 53 is uniformly provided with holes. The cross section of the supporting sleeve 52 is in a hook shape. The included angle between the pull rope 50 and the slide carriage 51 is 45-60 degrees. The slide carriage 51 is provided with a buffer layer.
Referring to fig. 17 and 18, in an eleventh embodiment, a cylindrical grinding block 55 is installed in the collection box 53, a third motor 54 is fixed outside the collection box 53, both sides of the cylindrical grinding block 55 are respectively connected with a third rotating shaft 69, the third rotating shaft 69 is respectively rotatably connected with the left side and the right side of the collection box 53 through bearings, and an output end of the third motor 54 is connected with the third rotating shaft 69 on one side of the cylindrical grinding block 55.
The cylindrical grinding blocks 55 are two, the two cylindrical grinding blocks 55 are close to each other, the two cylindrical grinding blocks 55 are close to the inner walls of the front side and the rear side of the collecting box 53 respectively, and the two cylindrical grinding blocks 55 are close to the inner wall of the bottom of the collecting box 53.
In the twelfth embodiment, referring to fig. 19, the ice removing device 62 includes a connecting plate 46, a partition plate 47, a sensor 48, a regulating member 49, a pulling rope 50, a slide carriage 51, extending rods 56, a temporary storage bag 57, a supporting plate 58 and a collecting box 53, a fourth rotating shaft 67 is connected to the partition plate 47, the sensor 48 is installed on the front side of the partition plate 47, the connecting plate 46 is fixed on each side of the bottom of the front end of the partition plate 47, the bottom of the rear side of the partition plate 47 is connected to the top of the rear side of the collecting box 53, the top of the front side of the collecting box 53 is connected to the connecting plate 46, the bottom end of the connecting plate 46 is hinged to the slide carriage 51, the extending rods 56 are connected to each side of the bottom end of the slide carriage 51, the supporting plate 58 is connected to the bottom ends of the two extending rods 56, the bag mouth of the temporary storage bag 57 is connected to each of the bottom end of the slide carriage 51, the two, the top of the adjusting member 49 is connected to the partition plate 47. The included angle between the supporting plate 58 and the extension rod 56 is 30-45 degrees.
Referring to fig. 20, in the thirteenth embodiment, an air bag 59 is connected to an inner bottom of the temporary storage bag 57, an electric inflator 61 is connected to an outer wall of the front side of the collection box 53, the electric inflator 61 is connected to one end of an air tube 60, and the other end of the air tube 60 passes through the temporary storage bag 57 and is communicated with the air bag 59.
In a fourteenth embodiment, the central processing unit module 10 is electrically connected to the solar cell panel 6, the electromagnet plate 13, the hot air blowing cylinder 30, the sensor 48, the adjusting member 49, the first motor 20, the second motor 25, the third motor 54, the fourth motor 66, the electric inflator 61, the sensor detection module 8, the GPS module 9, and the backup power supply 11, the solar cell panel 6 is electrically connected to the central processing unit module 10, the electromagnet plate 13, the hot air blowing cylinder 30, the sensor 48, the adjusting member 49, the first motor 20, the second motor 25, the third motor 54, the fourth motor 66, the electric inflator 61, the sensor detection module 8, the GPS module 9, and the backup power supply 11 is electrically connected to the central processing unit module 10, the electromagnet plate 13, the hot air blowing cylinder 30, the sensor 48, the adjusting member 49, the first motor 20, the second motor 25, the third motor 54, the backup power supply 11, and the solar cell panel 6, respectively, The fourth motor 66, the electric inflator 61, the sensor detection module 8, the GPS module 9 and the solar cell panel 6 are electrically connected. The sensor detection module 8 includes an infrared sensor, an electromagnetic sensor, a temperature sensor, and a voltage sensor.
In the fifteenth embodiment, the sliding block 64 is pushed by a pushing mechanism, and the pushing mechanism can push the sliding block 64 in two opposite directions, and the pushing direction is consistent with the driving direction of the driving device 4. The pushing mechanism pushes the slider 64 forward when the driving direction of the driving device 4 is forward, and pushes the slider 64 backward when the driving direction of the driving device 4 is backward. The central processor 10, the standby power supply 11, the solar cell panel 6 and the pushing mechanism are electrically connected.
The working principle is as follows: a: when the inspection device is used, the connecting sheet 45 can be detached by detaching a screw, the pull ring 44 is pulled, the outer cover auxiliary body 38, the inner cover auxiliary body 40, the cylinder auxiliary body 43 and the pull ring 44 form a drawn part of the inspection device to be drawn out, then the cylinder 1 is sleeved on a high-voltage wire, the drawn part is fixedly mounted by the screw, the clamping device 3 in the cylinder 1 is annularly clamped at the outer side of the high-voltage wire to support the cylinder 1 to move on the high-voltage wire, the electromagnet plate 13 is arranged in the clamping device 3, the magnetic force can be controlled by controlling the electrified current of the electromagnet plate 13, so that the state of adjusting the first spring 14 is achieved, the inspection device can be suitable for high-voltage wires with different diameters, the high-voltage wires are clamped in three directions, and the cylinder 1 can be stably clamped at the outer side of the high-voltage wire by rolling connection of the balls 17 and the high;
b: through the snow eliminating devices 2 arranged at the two ends of the barrel body 1, the hot blast barrel 30 eliminates the accumulated snow on the high-voltage line in the rainy and snowy weather, the accumulated snow cannot crush the line, and the outer cover 28 and the inner cover 29 are obliquely arranged, so that hot air can be gathered in the center, snow can be eliminated conveniently, air resistance is reduced, and the inspection device can move conveniently;
c: the inspection device can be driven to move on a high-voltage line through the arranged driving device 4, periodic inspection is carried out, the first rotor 23 is driven to rotate through the first motor 20 in the driving device 4 to generate thrust, the two driving devices 4 at the two ends of the base 37 are different in direction, the driving device 4 at the same side is continuously started when the inspection device is used, and the driving device 4 at the other side is closed, so that the purpose of changing the direction of the inspection device on the high-voltage line can be achieved;
d: the weight reducing device 5 arranged on the base drives the second rotor 27 to rotate through the second motor 25 on the weight reducing device 5, upward buoyancy can be generated, and the pressure of the self gravity of the inspection device on the high-voltage wire is reduced;
e: the solar cell panel 6 and the barrel 1 can be buffered and protected by the arranged protection device 7, so that the high altitude is prevented from being damaged by accidental collision;
f: the ice removing device 62 removes ice under the high-voltage line in ice and snow weather, so that the ice cannot crush the line, and the ice cannot fall from the high altitude to cause potential safety hazards after the weather is warmed. According to the driving direction, the fourth motor 66 is started, and the rotating shaft drives the deicing slide 62 to rotate, so that the front surface of the deicing slide 62 is consistent with the driving direction. The slider 64 is pushed by the pushing mechanism in the same direction as the driving direction of the driving device 4. Through the arranged ice slide removing device 62, when the sensor 48 senses that ice slides in front, the driving device 4 stops working, the driving adjusting piece 49 is driven to contract and lift the pulling rope 50 upwards, the pulling rope 50 drives the tail end of the supporting sleeve 52 and the slide carriage 51 to upwards support and fold the ice slides, the included angle between the upward folding of the slide carriage 51 and the connecting plate 46 becomes smaller and smaller from 180 degrees, when the included angle between the slide carriage 51 and the connecting plate 46 is 135 degrees, the supporting sleeve 52 can fold the ice slides, the ice slides fall on the slide carriage after being folded, and the supporting sleeve 52 can prevent the ice slides from falling off the slide carriage 51. The adjustment member 49 continues to retract and pull the pull cord 50 upwardly so that ice slips from the pocket 52 and the platform 51 into the collection bin 53 when the angle between the platform 51 and the attachment plate 46 is 45-70 degrees. The ice slips are collected in the collecting box 53, so that the phenomenon that the ice slips directly fall to accidentally injure pedestrians and damage vehicles to cause potential safety hazards is mainly prevented. The driving device 4 continues to work to drive forward for detection of the high-voltage line. The function of the clapboard is to prevent ice scraps from entering the driving device and the weight reduction device when the ice is removed.
g: by providing a cylindrical grinding block 55 in the collection tank 53, the third motor 54 is activated, and the third motor 54 drives the cylindrical grinding block 55 to grind or melt the ice in the collection tank 53 into water and discharge the water from the hole in the bottom of the collection tank 53. The design can accelerate the speed of ice in the collecting box 53 to be discharged out of the box, reduce the weight of the collecting box 53 and ensure that the equipment can be recycled.
h: the temporary storage bag 57 can be used for temporarily storing the ice slips broken by the supporting plate 58, and when the ice slips are removed, the included angle between the slide plate 51 and the connecting plate 46 only needs to be adjusted from 180 degrees to 120 degrees and 135 degrees, but the supporting plate 58 can not be fallen down when the adjusting piece 49 extends to lower the pull rope 50 downwards because the included angle between the slide plate 51 and the connecting plate 46 is smaller than a right angle. Therefore, the driving device does not need to stop working when the deicing slips are arranged, and the deicing slips can be driven at the same time, so that the working efficiency is improved. The driving adjusting piece 49 is contracted to lift the pull rope 50 upwards, when the included angle between the slide carriage 51 and the connecting plate 46 is 120-135 degrees, the supporting plate 58 can support and fold the ice slide, some ice slides directly fall into the temporary storage bag 57 after the ice slide falls off, some ice slides fall onto the slide carriage 51, and the ice slides into the temporary storage bag 57 along the slide carriage 51 while the driving adjusting piece 49 extends to lower the pull rope 50 downwards. When the ice skate in the temporary storage bag 57 needs to be poured into the collecting box 53, the adjusting piece 49 is driven to contract and lift the pull rope 50 upwards, when the included angle between the skate plate 51 and the connecting plate 46 is 45-70 degrees, the electric inflating pump 61 starts to inflate the air bag 59, the air bag 59 is inflated to slowly fill the temporary storage bag 57, so that the ice skate is extruded out of the temporary storage bag 57 by the inflated air bag, and then the ice skate slides into the collecting box 53 along the skate plate 51. The included angle between the supporting plate 58 and the extension rod 56 is 30-45 degrees. When the support plate 58 is arranged in this way, the folded ice can be prevented from sliding off by the support plate 58. The slide carriage 51 is provided with a buffer layer. The skate that is thus set to fall on the carriage 51 is not popped up by the reaction force of the carriage 51 and falls. The carriage 65 is detachable from the slide rail 63 by means of a slide 64. This allows the carriage and the ice removal carriages 62 attached under the carriage 65 to be removed and re-attached in ice and snow weather.
i: the state of a high-voltage line can be detected by the arranged sensor module 8, in the high-voltage line, due to the skin effect of the structure and current of a power transmission lead, when a steel-cored aluminum strand is broken and has a strand, a temperature field of the aluminum strand at the strand breaking position of the aluminum strand has sudden change, the magnetic field gradient change after magnetization of the aluminum strand is very small, the magnetic field change of the steel strand at the strand breaking position of the steel strand after magnetization is just opposite, the infrared sensor can effectively detect the change of the temperature field of the aluminum strand, the broken strand conditions of the steel core and the aluminum strand are respectively detected by the infrared sensor and the electromagnetic sensor, the voltage condition of the lead is detected by the voltage sensor, thus the fault position of the line can be rapidly inspected, the fault position is determined by the GPS module 9, the infrared sensor selects PM622, the electromagnetic sensor selects the model SW-1924H1, the temperature sensor selects the model WZP-PT100, the voltage, the central processing module 10 is a single-chip microcomputer MSP 430.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a high tension line periodic inspection device based on GPS, includes barrel (1), snow device (2), latch device (3), drive arrangement (4), subtracts heavy device (5), solar cell panel (6) and protector (7), its characterized in that: snow removing devices (2) are symmetrically fixed at two ends of the barrel body (1), clamping devices (3) are arranged in the barrel body (1), the clamping devices (3) are nine, every three annular uniform distribution is arranged on the inner wall of the barrel body (1), three rows are arranged at equal intervals, a base (37) is fixed at the bottom of the barrel body (1), four corners at the bottom of the base (37) are respectively fixed with a driving device (4), the driving device (4) positioned at one end of the base (37) and the driving device (4) positioned at the other end of the base (37) face oppositely, a weight reducing device (5) is fixed at the center position of the bottom of the base (37), solar cell panels (6) are symmetrically fixed at two sides of the top of the base (37), the solar cell panels (6) are obliquely fixed on the barrel body (1), and a protective device (7) is arranged on the outer side of each solar cell panel (6), the protection device (7) is fixed on a base (37), and a sensor detection module (8), a GPS module (9), a central processor module (10) and a standby power supply (11) are fixed on the top of the base (37);
two sides of the base (37) are respectively provided with a sliding rail (63), the sliding rail (63) is connected with sliding blocks (64) in a sliding manner, the two sliding blocks (64) are respectively connected with two sides of a sliding frame (65), the sliding frame (65) is connected with a fourth motor (66), the output end of the fourth motor (66) is connected with one end of a fourth rotating shaft (67), the fourth rotating shaft (67) is rotatably connected with the sliding frame (65) through a bearing, and the other end of the fourth rotating shaft (67) is connected with a deicing slide device (62);
the deicing slide device (62) comprises a connecting plate (46), a partition plate (47), an inductor (48), an adjusting piece (49), a pull rope (50), a slide carriage (51), a supporting sleeve (52) and a collecting box (53), a fourth rotating shaft (67) is connected with the partition plate (47), the inductor (48) is installed on the front side of the partition plate (47), the connecting plate (46) is fixed on each of the two sides of the bottom of the front end of the partition plate (47), the bottom of the rear side of the partition plate (47) is connected with the top of the rear side of the collecting box (53), the top of the front side of the collecting box (53) is connected with the connecting plate (46), a gap (68) is reserved between the partition plate (47) and the collecting box (53), the bottom end of the connecting plate (46) is hinged with the slide carriage (51), the bottom end of the slide carriage (51) is connected with the supporting sleeve (52), the two sides of the tail end of the supporting sleeve (52) are connected with one end of, the top of the adjusting piece (49) is connected with the clapboard (47).
2. The GPS-based high-voltage line cycle inspection device according to claim 1, wherein: the sensor detection module (8) and the GPS module (9) are fixed on one side of the base (37), and the central processing unit module (10) and the standby power supply (11) are fixed on the other side of the base (37).
3. The GPS-based high-voltage line cycle inspection device according to claim 1, wherein: the sensor detection module (8) comprises an infrared sensor, an electromagnetic sensor, a temperature sensor and a voltage sensor.
CN201811282944.7A 2018-10-31 2018-10-31 High-voltage line cycle inspection device based on GPS Active CN109212380B (en)

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CN111342413B (en) * 2019-05-10 2021-04-02 吴若望 A wire defroster for transmission and transformation electric wire maintains
CN110783852B (en) * 2019-11-17 2020-12-04 中程数智信息技术南京有限公司 High-altitude power inspection system

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CN101741041A (en) * 2010-01-29 2010-06-16 武汉大学 Transmission line deicer
CN106741942A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-31 西安交通大学 A kind of bionical two mode of motion robot for HV Transmission Line Routing Inspection
CN107069534A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-08-18 西安交通大学 A kind of HV Transmission Line Routing Inspection robot for flying to climb sliding three mode operation
CN108051022A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-18 国网山东省电力公司潍坊供电公司 Power circuit information gathering integrates assistor

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20010015149A1 (en) * 2000-02-22 2001-08-23 Hydro-Quebec Remotely operated vehicle for inspection and intervention of a live line
CN101741041A (en) * 2010-01-29 2010-06-16 武汉大学 Transmission line deicer
CN106741942A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-31 西安交通大学 A kind of bionical two mode of motion robot for HV Transmission Line Routing Inspection
CN107069534A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-08-18 西安交通大学 A kind of HV Transmission Line Routing Inspection robot for flying to climb sliding three mode operation
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