CN109212168A - Crude oil measurement equipment, centrifugal device and crude oil water content metering method, equipment - Google Patents

Crude oil measurement equipment, centrifugal device and crude oil water content metering method, equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109212168A
CN109212168A CN201811092895.0A CN201811092895A CN109212168A CN 109212168 A CN109212168 A CN 109212168A CN 201811092895 A CN201811092895 A CN 201811092895A CN 109212168 A CN109212168 A CN 109212168A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crude oil
container
measurement equipment
volume
water
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201811092895.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾财华
马春宝
王德伟
程彦符
黄延峰
孙立超
蒋明
金志学
朱国丰
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Petrochina Co Ltd
China Petroleum and Natural Gas Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China Petroleum and Natural Gas Co Ltd
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Application filed by China Petroleum and Natural Gas Co Ltd filed Critical China Petroleum and Natural Gas Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811092895.0A priority Critical patent/CN109212168A/en
Publication of CN109212168A publication Critical patent/CN109212168A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/26Oils; viscous liquids; paints; inks
    • G01N33/28Oils, i.e. hydrocarbon liquids
    • G01N33/2823Oils, i.e. hydrocarbon liquids raw oil, drilling fluid or polyphasic mixtures
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/26Oils; viscous liquids; paints; inks
    • G01N33/28Oils, i.e. hydrocarbon liquids
    • G01N33/2835Oils, i.e. hydrocarbon liquids specific substances contained in the oil or fuel
    • G01N33/2847Water in oil

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of crude oil measurement equipment, centrifugal device and crude oil water content metering methods, equipment, wherein crude oil measurement equipment includes: container, drainage hole, pedestal, wherein, the container, side wall are provided with scale, for measuring the volume of the container Crude Oil;The bottom of the container side wall is arranged in the drainage hole, for discharging the crude oil in the container;The pedestal, for heating the crude oil in the container, to separate the silt in the crude oil.In embodiments of the present invention, be provided with scale on the side wall of container, can in accurate measuring container liquid volume;Simultaneously when being cleaned to container, if containing sand, mud in crude oil, is heated by mixture of the pedestal with heating function to crude oil and impurity in container, dead oil is melted, so that crude oil and impurity separate, achievees the effect that cleaning container and reuse.

Description

Crude oil measurement equipment, centrifugal device and crude oil water content metering method, equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to oil field development technical field, in particular to a kind of crude oil measurement equipment, centrifugal device and crude oil contain Water rate metering method, equipment.
Background technique
In oilfield development process, crude oil water content is an important production and economic indicator, grasps crude oil in time and contains The quality of water rate, control and the outer output oil of grasp for the dynamic analysis, working condition of oil well is critically important.Existing original Oily measurement of water-content coefficient method is divided into two classes: laboratory sample examination and situ visualization are aqueous.Wherein, laboratory sample examination measures The process flow of crude oil water content is complicated, time-consuming, real-time is poor, uses the side of laboratory sample examination measurement crude oil water content Method cannot disposably complete the chemical examination experiment of all field sampling oil wells.Therefore the measurement of most of producing well crude oil water contents needs The method to use situ visualization aqueous.
Currently used situ visualization crude oil water content process flow is main including the following steps: is 1. taken using oil well Sample bag or sample bucket are sampled;2. determining the gross mass of sampling crude oil;3. rocking sampling bag or sample bucket, observe aqueous Situation provides range estimation water-retention value.Existing situ visualization crude oil water content method is there are large error, obtained crude oil water content There is no scientific basis, not can guarantee oilfield stable production.
Crude oil sample is contained using sampling bag or sample bucket in currently used situ visualization crude oil water content method, is made There is no scale on sampling bag and sample bucket, can not accurately measure the volume of liquid in sampling bag or sample bucket, and take Sample bag and sample bucket inconvenient cleaning at the scene, cannot reuse, later period environmental protection treatment difficulty is larger.
In view of the above-mentioned problems, currently no effective solution has been proposed.
Summary of the invention
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of crude oil measurement equipment, centrifugal device and crude oil water content metering method, equipment, With solve the problems, such as in the prior art range estimation crude oil water content method there are large error, not can guarantee oilfield stable production.
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of crude oil measurement equipment, comprising: container, drainage hole, pedestal, in which: the appearance Device, side wall are provided with scale, for measuring the volume of the container Crude Oil;The drainage hole is arranged in the container side wall Bottom, for discharging the crude oil in the container;The pedestal, for heating the crude oil in the container, described in separation Silt in crude oil.
In one embodiment, the inner wall of the container is provided with the inner coating of oily dirt free.
In one embodiment, it is provided with threaded bore cap at the drainage hole, for controlling the opening and closing of the drainage hole.
In one embodiment, it being provided with heat button on the outside of the container side wall, the button is connected with the pedestal, Whether the heating function for controlling the pedestal is opened.
It in one embodiment, further include information code, wherein the top on the outside of the container side wall is arranged in the information code Portion.
In one embodiment, the top of the container is equipped with rotary type sealing cover.
The present invention also provides a kind of centrifugal devices, comprising: rotary part provides dynamic for being rotated for centrifugal movement Power;Fixation member is connected with the rotary part, for fixing the crude oil measurement equipment;Connecting component, it is described for connecting Rotary part and the fixation member.
In one embodiment, the rotary part drives the fixation member to rotate in rotary course.
In one embodiment, it is provided with close to the fixation member edge and is matched with the crude oil measurement device shaped Hole, for fixing the crude oil measurement equipment.
The present invention also provides a kind of methods for carrying out crude oil water content metering by the crude oil measurement equipment, comprising: Crude oil sample is placed in the crude oil measurement equipment, and obtains the total volume of the crude oil sample;Crude oil sample is stood After predetermined time, oil emulsion and free water are obtained;Obtain the volume of free water in the crude oil measurement equipment;Drainage hole is opened, The free water in the crude oil measurement equipment is discharged;Centrifugally operated is carried out to the oil emulsion in the crude oil measurement equipment, is obtained Emulsified water and crude oil, and obtain the volume of the emulsified water;According to the volume of the volume of the free water and the emulsified water, obtain To the moisture content of the crude oil sample.
In one embodiment, it is obtained according to following formula according to the volume of the volume of the free water and the emulsified water To the moisture content of the crude oil sample:
In above formula, V1Indicate crude oil sample total volume;V2Indicate free water volume;V3Indicate emulsification water volume;N is default Correction factor.
In one embodiment, n value is 5%.
The present invention also provides a kind of crude oil water content measuring equipment, including processor and executable for storage processor The step of memory of instruction, the processor realizes the crude oil water content metering method when executing described instruction.
The present invention also provides a kind of computer readable storage mediums, are stored thereon with computer instruction, and described instruction is held The step of crude oil water content metering method is realized when row.
In embodiments of the present invention, a kind of crude oil measurement equipment is provided, comprising: container, drainage hole and pedestal, wherein Be provided with scale on the side wall of container, can in accurate measuring container liquid volume;Simultaneously when being cleaned to container, such as Contain sand, mud in fruit crude oil, heated by mixture of the pedestal with heating function to crude oil and impurity in container, Dead oil is melted, so that crude oil and impurity separate, achievees the effect that cleaning container and reuses.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application or in the prior art more clearly, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this The some embodiments recorded in application, for those of ordinary skill in the art, in the premise of not making the creative labor property Under, it is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the crude oil measurement equipment provided according to embodiments of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the centrifugal device provided according to embodiments of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the step schematic diagram of the crude oil water content metering method provided according to embodiments of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the crude oil water content measuring equipment provided according to embodiments of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, right below with reference to embodiment and attached drawing The present invention is described in further details.Here, exemplary embodiment and its explanation of the invention is used to explain the present invention, but simultaneously It is not as a limitation of the invention.
It should be noted that it can directly on the other element when element is referred to as " setting exists " another element Or there may also be elements placed in the middle.When an element is considered as " connection " another element, it, which can be, is directly connected to To another element or it may be simultaneously present centering elements.Term as used herein " vertical ", " horizontal ", " left side ", " right side " and similar statement for illustrative purposes only, are not meant to be the only embodiment.
Unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used herein and the technical field for belonging to the application The normally understood meaning of technical staff is identical.The term used in the description of the present application is intended merely to description tool herein The purpose of the embodiment of body, it is not intended that in limitation the application.Term as used herein "and/or" includes one or more Any and all combinations of relevant listed item.
Sentence in view of carrying out observation to the crude oil sample in sampling bag or sample bucket by artificial naked eyes in Oil Field Break aqueous mode, there are large error, obtained crude oil water content data do not have scientific basis, not can guarantee oilfield stable production.
Based on problem above, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of crude oil measurement equipment, as shown in Figure 1, may include: to hold Device 1, drainage hole 2 and pedestal 3.The above three component part of the crude oil measurement equipment is described accordingly respectively below.
1) container 1, for containing crude oil sample to be measured.
Said vesse 1 is upper open hollow type container, graduated scale can be set on the side wall of container 1, for accurate The volume of 1 Central Plains oil samples of measuring container, wherein graduated scale, which can be set, also can be set in 1 inside sidewalls of container in side wall Outside.If graduated scale is arranged in inside sidewalls, container 1 can be used transparent material and make the outside from container 1 can Can be clearly seen that graduated scale, the volume of crude oil sample can also be read from open-mouth on container 1, the application is to this It is not construed as limiting.
In view of containing oil emulsion and free water in crude oil sample, wherein oil emulsion includes crude oil and emulsified water again, so The moisture content for measuring crude oil sample just needs to separate free water and emulsified water with crude oil, is based on considerations above, container 1 Inner coating can use oily dirt free technique, guarantee that grease is sufficiently separated in container 1, while being convenient for the cleaning and repetition of container It uses.
Further, it is contemplated that when the moisture content to crude oil sample measures, need to carry out oil emulsion in container 1 Centrifugation, isolates the emulsified water in oil emulsion, needs to guarantee that container 1 is in sealing state in centrifugal process, so that in container 1 Liquid container 1 is not overflowed in centrifugal process.Based on considerations above, can be arranged and its shape in the upper open-mouth of container 1 The rotary type sealing cover that shape is consistent, wherein non-sticky oil coating can be set on the inside of above-mentioned rotary type sealing cover, so that The result obtained when measuring to the volume accounting for the emulsified water that centrifugation obtains is more accurate.Of course, it also can be used Its component such as blocks the component that container 1 can be made to be in sealing state, and the application is not construed as limiting this.
In order to which the crude oil sample moisture content data of metering are transmitted in real time, efficiently and rapidly complete oil well dynamic Adjustment, can on the side-wall outer side of container 1 setting information scan code, by mobile phone, code reader etc. have scanning, information transmit The terminal device of function is scanned above-mentioned information scanning code, and above-mentioned terminal device may be coupled to remote production after scanning There is information solicitation interface in running command system, and containing for input measurement after logged well pound sign is selected on information solicitation interface Water rate is clicked and is sent, can be transmitted in real time data.
Wherein, above- mentioned information scan code can be set at the top of 1 side-wall outer side of container, since the habit that manpower holds cup is logical Chang Buhui brushes up against the top of cup, avoids information scanning code to a certain extent and is dirty or scratching, ensure that information scanning The normal use of code.Above- mentioned information scan code also can be set in any position of 1 side-wall outer side of container, using film or Other transparent materials cover it, guarantee that the normal use of information scanning code, the application are not construed as limiting this.
2) drainage hole 2, for discharging the liquid in said vesse 1.
Above-mentioned drainage hole 2 can be set in the bottom of 1 side wall of said vesse, and liquid in container 1 is allowed to pass through drain It discharges completely in hole 2.Wherein, the threaded bore cap coincideing with 2 shape of drainage hole can be set at above-mentioned drainage hole 2, for not Needing to discharge liquid in container 1 is to make drainage hole 2 everywhere in sealing state;It also can be set at above-mentioned drainage hole 2 and drainage hole Place's shape identical blocking or valve etc. can control the component of drainage hole opening and closing, and the application is not construed as limiting this.
3) pedestal 3, for heating the crude oil in the container 1.
Above-mentioned pedestal 3 can be set in the bottom of container 1, when not needing to heat the crude oil in container 1, pedestal 3 can be separated into two parts with container 1.Wherein, heat button can be set in the side-wall outer side of said vesse 1, for controlling bottom Whether the heating function of seat 3 is opened.
Crude oil water content metering after the completion of container 1 is cleaned to reuse when, if in crude oil containing sand, The impurity such as mud, since crude oil is very sensitive to temperature, the heating function by opening pedestal 3 mixes crude oil in container and impurity It closes object to be heated, dead oil can be melted, so that crude oil and impurity separate, to achieve the effect that cleaning container.
Above-mentioned pedestal 3 may include: heat-generating disc, power supply line and plug, wherein one end of said power and heat-generating disc It is connected, for transmitting electric current to heat-generating disc;The other end of said power is connected with plug.Using pedestal 3 heating function when It needs the bottom that pedestal 3 is placed in container 1, plug insertion is connected in the socket of electricity, and press the side-wall outer side of said vesse 1 Heat button, start the heating function of above-mentioned pedestal 3, object in container 1 heated.
The present invention also provides a kind of centrifugal devices, as shown in Fig. 2, may include: rotary part, fixation member and interconnecting piece Part below describes the above three component part of the centrifugal device accordingly respectively.
1) rotary part provides power for being rotated for centrifugal movement.
In rotary course, the edge of rotation portion contacts above-mentioned rotary part always with the edge of fixation member, The edge surface of rotation portion can use more coarse material in middle rotary part, for increasing and fixation member edge Frictional force, or power, the application can be provided as centrifugal movement for the crude oil measurement equipment in fixation member using gear etc. It is not limited thereto.
Rotation portion and fixation member in above-mentioned rotary part can preferably select it is circular, so as to rotary part Constantly fixation member can be driven to be rotated when rotated.Wherein, above-mentioned rotary part and the edge of fixation member one Week can drive fixation member rotation using more coarse material so as to the frictional force that rotary part can use generation, can also With in one week setting gear of rotary part and fixation member edge, the application is not limited thereto.
2) fixation member is connected with above-mentioned rotary part, for fixing above-mentioned crude oil measurement equipment.
Above-mentioned fixation member can preferably select it is circular, so as to fixation member edge rotary part rotate one It is touched always with the side edge of rotation portion in rotary part in the process in week, fixation member can be under the drive of rotary part Lasting rotation.
It further, can be in one week setting and above-mentioned crude oil measurement device shaped of the above-mentioned fixation member by proximal edge The hole to match, for fixing above-mentioned crude oil measurement equipment, the number of above-mentioned hole can be carried out according to actual needs from The crude oil measurement equipment of the heart determines that the application is not construed as limiting this.In order in rotary course guarantee crude oil measurement equipment not from It is slid in the hole of fixation member, the object with fixed function and easy cleaning such as adhesive tape can be used to crude oil measurement equipment It is reinforced, the application is not construed as limiting this.
3) connecting component, for connecting above-mentioned rotary part and connecting component.
Above-mentioned connecting component can use connecting shaft and bearing combination, fixation portions part be provided centrally with one with The identical hole of bearing configuration is used for fixing bearing, and connecting shaft includes first end and second end, wherein the first end of connecting shaft is logical Bearing is crossed to be connected with fixation member;The second end of connecting shaft is connected with above-mentioned rotary part, wherein the second end of connecting shaft can be with It is connected with the rotation portion in rotary part, can also be connected with other positions, the application is not limited thereto.
Further, the setting of the length of above-mentioned connecting shaft needs to guarantee the edge and above-mentioned rotating part of fixation portions part The side edge of part is touched, specifically can be according to the increase and decrease carried out in length the case where on-site assembly.
It is understood that the setting of above-mentioned connecting component is only a preferred embodiment, other composed structures And can be contemplated, the application is not construed as limiting this.
At oilfield exploitation scene, above-mentioned rotary part can use bicycle, and the tire of bicycle is considered as rotating part Rotation portion in part, corresponding fixation member also use circle, and in the one week setting rubber in fixation member edge for increasing Frictional force when tyre rim and fixation member EDGE CONTACT.When tire is rotated, when tire rotates in the forward direction can with it is solid The contact site for determining edge-of-part generates frictional force, and fixation member is driven to be reversely rotated, so that being fixed on fixation Crude oil measurement equipment on component carries out centrifugal movement.
Further, connecting component can use the combination of above-mentioned connecting shaft and bearing, wherein the second end of connecting shaft Vehicle back seat can be fixed on and be aligned place with rear portion tire vertical direction, a certain position of rear portion tire can also be fixed on Place, the application are not construed as limiting this.Wherein, the setting for connecting shaft position needs to guarantee fixation member and rotating part that it is connected Rotation portion in part is in the same plane.
Wherein, the rotation of tire can be artificially the rotation reality being manually also possible in ride using tire The rotates effe of existing above-mentioned rotary part, the application are not limited thereto.
Based on crude oil measurement equipment shown in FIG. 1, crude oil water content meter can be carried out using method and step as shown in Figure 3 Amount, as shown in figure 3, may include:
Step 301: crude oil sample being placed in the crude oil measurement equipment, and obtains the totality of the crude oil sample Product.
Installation is not vented formula clean cut system sampling craft process at the production wellhead at oilfield exploitation scene, wherein above-mentioned do not put Two channels of sampling and production can be set inside empty formula clean cut system sampler, avoid the behaviour being vented before sampling Make, improves sampling efficiency and reduce the pollution to environment, and may be implemented disposably to successfully complete sampling.
When carrying out crude oil sampling, the lid at the top of above-mentioned crude oil measurement equipment is opened, by the upper of crude oil measurement equipment Opening alignment sample tap, sampling personnel are in the wind at station place, and above-mentioned be not vented in clean cut system sampler of the opening that commutates samples channel The sample cock at place at this time produces interception partially liq without influencing in sample cock space.Left-handed opening sample cock hand Wheel flows into the liquid in sampling flowsheet in crude oil measurement equipment, while sampling personnel and needing to pay close attention to crude oil measurement equipment Middle liquid level rises situation, and when close to estimated sampling volume, sample collector dextrorotation can close valve at leisure, wherein crude oil The liquid level of measuring equipment Central Plains oil samples must not exceed maximum scale, the horizontal positioned crude oil equipped with crude oil sample after the completion of sampling Measuring equipment obtains the total volume of crude oil sample.
In view of the metering of how many pairs of moisture content of sampling quality has very big influence, so the quality of sampling is generally abided by Follow following principle: it is aqueous in 90% or more person, take mixed liquor 1000g or more;It is aqueous in 60.1%-90% person, take mixed liquor 500g-600g;It is aqueous in 20%-60% person, take mixed liquor 300g;The aqueous person below 20% takes mixed liquor 100g.
Step 302: after crude oil sample is stood the predetermined time, obtaining oil emulsion and free water, and obtain crude oil measurement and set The volume of standby middle free water.
Under the conditions of Oil Field temperature, the crude oil sample in above-mentioned crude oil measurement equipment is horizontally arranged, is stood pre- After the fixed time, the crude oil sample in crude oil measurement equipment can be separated into oil-water interfaces clearly two layers of liquid, wherein isolating Two layers of liquid be at the middle and upper levels oil reservoir, lower layer is free water, and above-mentioned oil reservoir is not pure crude oil but the mixing of crude oil and emulsified water Object, the oil reservoir that this natural separation comes out are properly termed as oil emulsion.Above-mentioned crude oil measurement equipment level is placed, and based on crude Graduated scale in measuring equipment obtains the volume for the free water separated.
Step 303: opening drainage hole, the free water in crude oil measurement equipment is discharged.
If will affect the metering to emulsified water in oil emulsion in view of retaining the free water in crude oil measurement equipment, So after having recorded the volume of free water.The drainage hole for opening crude oil measurement equipment sidewall bottom, will be in crude oil measurement equipment Free water drainage it is complete, the personnel of operation should pay close attention in crude oil measurement equipment the case where liquid level declines, it is ensured that will be upper The oil emulsion of layer emits.
Wherein, the threaded bore cap coincideing with shape at drainage hole can be set at above-mentioned drainage hole, also can be set and arrange Shape identical blocking, valve etc. can control the component of drainage hole opening and closing at fluid apertures, and the application is not construed as limiting this.
Step 304: centrifugally operated being carried out to the oil emulsion in crude oil measurement equipment, obtains emulsified water and crude oil, and obtain The volume of emulsified water.
To separate the emulsified water in oil emulsion, centrifugation behaviour can be carried out to the oil emulsion in crude oil measurement equipment Make.The pedestal of crude oil measurement equipment can be removed before carrying out centrifugally operated, and the lid at the top of crude oil measurement equipment is right Spiral cover is tight.After crude oil measurement equipment being fixed in above-mentioned centrifugal device, starts centrifugal device, make in crude oil measurement equipment Liquid makees centrifugal movement, after a predetermined time elapses, stops the running of centrifugal device, removes crude oil measurement equipment, by its level It places, and stands the predetermined time, record the volume for the emulsified water separated in crude oil measurement equipment.
Wherein, at oilfield exploitation scene, above-mentioned centrifugal device is generally used bicycle to be reequiped, is reequiped using bicycle Centrifugal device when being centrifuged to oil emulsion in crude oil measurement equipment, centrifugation time generally by ride a bicycle from Oil Field to Office work place one plow back and forth the time required to determine, plowed from oilfield exploitation scene to office work place one distance back and forth to It is less 1000 meters.
Step 305: the moisture content of crude oil sample, and the crude oil sample moisture content that will be calculated are calculated according to metric results Data carry out real-time transmission.
The crude oil sample total volume that metering obtains is counted as V1, free water volume is counted as V2, emulsified water volume is counted as V3, can To be calculated by the following formula preliminary moisture content:
Due in live manual operation there are certain error, and the centrifugal device that is converted by bicycle of scene without Emulsified water in oil emulsion is kept completely separate out by method, problem above is based on, by preliminary moisture content obtained by the above method Laboratory check and correction is carried out, discovery error is 6% hereinafter, be 4%-6% according to the available Optimal Parameters of collation.
In actual operation, when being optimized to preliminary moisture content, the Optimal Parameters value 5% that can be compromised plus one, I.e. moisture content can be calculated by the following formula:
After moisture content is calculated, the end of function is stored and transmitted with scanning, information using such as mobile phone, code reader etc. End equipment is scanned the information scanning code on above-mentioned crude oil measurement equipment side wall, and above-mentioned terminal device can connect after scanning To middle petroleum remote production running command system, there is information solicitation interface, logged well well is selected on information solicitation interface The moisture content that input measurement obtains after number, click send, can will at the scene by moisture content data obtained by the above method into Row transmission in real time to grasp crude oil water content in time, and then efficiently and rapidly completes the dynamic adjustment of oil well.
Step 306: cleaning crude oil measurement equipment.
For realize crude oil measurement equipment reuse, complete crude oil sample moisture content metering after, by crude oil measurement Crude oil in equipment is introduced directly into live crude oil collection device.Because the inside sidewalls of crude oil measurement equipment are provided with oily dirt free Inner coating, so crude oil measurement equipment can be cleaned up using clear water or other cleaning solvents and carry out repeat make With.
If be not easy to cleaning containing impurity such as a large amount of mud, sand in the crude oil sample in crude oil measurement equipment, Ke Yiqi The heating function of pedestal heats crude oil sample in dynamic crude oil measurement equipment, since crude oil is very sensitive to temperature, in oil In the case where Bao Shui, oily burnt-in sand, once being heated to certain temperature, dead oil will melt, so that the impurity such as crude oil and mud, sand separate It comes.After crude oil and impurity are separated, the crude oil separated is imported in live crude oil collection device, and according to upper The cleaning method stated cleans crude oil measurement equipment.
It can be seen from the above description that the embodiment of the present invention realizes following technical effect: realizing and middle petroleum The dynamic adjustment of oil well is efficiently and rapidly completed in the real-time docking of remote production running command system.And above-mentioned crude oil sample The metering process of product moisture content can be completed in Oil Field, be simple and efficient.
Embodiment further provides a kind of crude oil water content measuring equipments by the application, specifically can be refering to base shown in Fig. 4 In the electronic equipment composed structure schematic diagram of crude oil water content metering method provided by the embodiments of the present application, the electronic equipment tool Body may include input equipment 31, processor 32, memory 33.Wherein, the input equipment 31 specifically can be used for inputting original The relevant parameter of oil samples such as crude oil sample total volume, free water volume and emulsification water volume etc..The processor 32 specifically may be used With the relevant parameter for using the crude oil sample of pre-defined algorithm processing input, moisture content is obtained.The memory 33 specifically may be used Crude oil sample total volume, free water volume and the parameter for emulsifying water volume waiting processing generated in treatment process for storage And the moisture content data being finally calculated.
In the present embodiment, the input equipment, which specifically can be, carries out information exchange between user and computer system One of main device.The input equipment may include keyboard, mouse, camera, scanner, light pen, writing input board, language Sound input unit etc.;Input equipment is used to initial data be input in computer with the programs for handling these numbers.The input Equipment, which can also obtain, receives the data that other modules, unit, equipment transmit.The processor can be by any appropriate Mode is realized.For example, processor can take such as microprocessor or processor and storage that can be executed by (micro-) processor Computer readable program code (such as software or firmware) computer-readable medium, logic gate, switch, specific integrated circuit (Application Specific Integrated Circuit, ASIC), programmable logic controller (PLC) and insertion microcontroller Form etc..The storage implement body can be in modern information technologies for protecting stored memory device.The storage Device may include many levels, in digital display circuit, as long as can save binary data can be memory;In integrated electricity The circuit with store function of Lu Zhong, a not no physical form are also memory, such as RAM, FIFO;In systems, have There is the storage equipment of physical form to be also memory, such as memory bar, TF card.
In the present embodiment, the function and effect of electronic equipment specific implementation, can compare with other embodiment It explains, details are not described herein.
A kind of computer storage medium based on crude oil water content metering method, institute are additionally provided in the application embodiment It states computer storage medium and is stored with computer program instructions, be performed realization in the computer program instructions: measuring To crude oil sample total volume, free water volume and emulsification water volume, and moisture content is obtained according to pre-defined algorithm.
In the present embodiment, above-mentioned storage medium includes but is not limited to random access memory (Random AccessMemory, RAM), read-only memory (Read-Only Memory, ROM), caching (Cache), hard disk (HardDisk Drive, HDD) or storage card (Memory Card).The memory can be used for storing computer program instructions.Network is logical Letter unit can be according to standard setting as defined in communication protocol, for carrying out the interface of network connection communication.
In the present embodiment, the function and effect of the program instruction specific implementation of computer storage medium storage, can To compare explanation with other embodiment, details are not described herein.
Obviously, those skilled in the art should be understood that each module of the above-mentioned embodiment of the present invention or each step can be with It is realized with general computing device, they can be concentrated on a single computing device, or be distributed in multiple computing devices On composed network, optionally, they can be realized with the program code that computing device can perform, it is thus possible to by it Store and be performed by computing device in the storage device, and in some cases, can be held with the sequence for being different from herein The shown or described step of row, perhaps they are fabricated to each integrated circuit modules or will be multiple in them Module or step are fabricated to single integrated circuit module to realize.In this way, the embodiment of the present invention be not limited to it is any specific hard Part and software combine.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to restrict the invention, for the skill of this field For art personnel, the embodiment of the present invention can have various modifications and variations.All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, made Any modification, equivalent substitution, improvement and etc. should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (14)

1. a kind of crude oil measurement equipment characterized by comprising container, drainage hole, pedestal, in which:
The container, side wall are provided with scale, for measuring the volume of the container Crude Oil;
The bottom of the container side wall is arranged in the drainage hole, for discharging the crude oil in the container;
The pedestal, for heating the crude oil in the container, to separate the silt in the crude oil.
2. crude oil measurement equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the inner wall of the container is provided with oily dirt free Inner coating.
3. crude oil measurement equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that threaded bore cap is provided at the drainage hole, For controlling the opening and closing of the drainage hole.
4. crude oil measurement equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be provided on the outside of the container side wall heating by Button, the button are connected with the pedestal, and whether the heating function for controlling the pedestal is opened.
5. crude oil measurement equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include information code, wherein the information code Top on the outside of the container side wall is set.
6. crude oil measurement equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it is close that the top of the container is equipped with rotary type Capping.
7. a kind of centrifugal device characterized by comprising
Rotary part provides power for being rotated for centrifugal movement;
Fixation member is connected with the rotary part, sets for fixing crude oil measurement described in any one of claims 1 to 6 It is standby;
Connecting component, for connecting the rotary part and the fixation member.
8. a kind of centrifugal device according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the rotary part is in rotary course, band Move the fixation member rotation.
9. a kind of centrifugal device according to claim 7, which is characterized in that be provided with close to the fixation member edge With the matched hole of crude oil measurement device shaped, for fixing the crude oil measurement equipment.
10. a kind of side for carrying out crude oil water content metering by crude oil measurement equipment described in any one of claim 1 to 6 Method characterized by comprising
Crude oil sample is placed in the crude oil measurement equipment, and obtains the total volume of the crude oil sample;
After crude oil sample is stood the predetermined time, oil emulsion and free water are obtained;
Obtain the volume of free water in the crude oil measurement equipment;
Drainage hole is opened, the free water in the crude oil measurement equipment is discharged;
Centrifugally operated is carried out to the oil emulsion in the crude oil measurement equipment, obtains emulsified water and crude oil, and obtain the emulsification The volume of water;
According to the volume of the volume of the free water and the emulsified water, the moisture content of the crude oil sample is obtained.
11. according to the method described in claim 10, it is characterized in that, according to following formula, according to the volume of the free water With the volume of the emulsified water, the moisture content of the crude oil sample is obtained:
In above formula, V1Indicate crude oil sample total volume;V2Indicate free water volume;V3Indicate emulsification water volume;N is preset repairs Positive coefficient.
12. according to the method for claim 11, which is characterized in that n value is 5%.
13. a kind of crude oil water content measuring equipment, including processor and for the memory of storage processor executable instruction, The processor realizes the step of any one of claim 10 to 12 the method when executing described instruction.
14. a kind of computer readable storage medium is stored thereon with computer instruction, described instruction, which is performed, realizes that right is wanted The step of seeking any one of 10 to 12 the method.
CN201811092895.0A 2018-09-19 2018-09-19 Crude oil measurement equipment, centrifugal device and crude oil water content metering method, equipment Pending CN109212168A (en)

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