CN109204465B - Vehicle body structure and vehicle - Google Patents

Vehicle body structure and vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109204465B
CN109204465B CN201710525448.9A CN201710525448A CN109204465B CN 109204465 B CN109204465 B CN 109204465B CN 201710525448 A CN201710525448 A CN 201710525448A CN 109204465 B CN109204465 B CN 109204465B
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China
Prior art keywords
vehicle
floor
reinforcing
longitudinal
panel
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CN201710525448.9A
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CN109204465A (en
Inventor
刘新春
张荣荣
嵇明
梁茂燕
邓荣添
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BYD Co Ltd
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BYD Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D21/00Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted
    • B62D21/02Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted comprising longitudinally or transversely arranged frame members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D21/00Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted
    • B62D21/09Means for mounting load bearing surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D21/00Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted
    • B62D21/15Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted having impact absorbing means, e.g. a frame designed to permanently or temporarily change shape or dimension upon impact with another body
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D25/00Superstructure or monocoque structure sub-units; Parts or details thereof not otherwise provided for
    • B62D25/20Floors or bottom sub-units

Abstract

The present disclosure relates to a vehicle body structure and a vehicle. The vehicle body structure comprises two front longitudinal beams, two threshold inner plates, two floor longitudinal beams, two rear longitudinal beams, a front cross beam, two reinforcing longitudinal beams, at least one reinforcing cross beam and a floor panel, wherein the two threshold inner plates are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the floor panel; the front ends of the two floor longitudinal beams are connected to the floor front cross beam, and the rear end of each floor longitudinal beam is connected to the corresponding rear longitudinal beam; the connecting position of the rear end of the front longitudinal beam on the front cross beam corresponds to the connecting position of the floor longitudinal beam on the front cross beam; one side of the floor longitudinal beam is connected to the lower surface of the floor panel, and the other side of the floor longitudinal beam is connected to the corresponding inner doorsill plate; one side of each reinforcing longitudinal beam is connected to the upper surface of the floor panel, and the other side of each reinforcing longitudinal beam is connected to the corresponding inner doorsill plate; the reinforcing cross beam is connected to the two reinforcing longitudinal beams. The vehicle body structure disclosed by the invention can well realize the transmission and dispersion of collision force when the vehicle body structure is subjected to front collision, rear collision or side collision.

Description

Vehicle body structure and vehicle
Technical Field
The present disclosure relates to a vehicle body structure, and also relates to a vehicle having the vehicle body structure.
Background
Minimizing occupant mortality and injury in the event of a traffic (collision) accident in a vehicle, particularly a passenger car, is a core design technology for overall vehicle development and manufacture. The design of the collision safety deformation structure of the vehicle body structure is the basis for improving the collision safety performance of the whole vehicle. In order to meet the public demand for higher and higher collision safety of domestic passenger vehicles, in recent years, relevant departments of various countries have gradually improved and supplemented some test conditions for collision safety performance of passenger vehicles in relevant legislation and evaluation regulations of the country. For example, the united states is updating its series of regulations and evaluation codes for safe crash performance for vehicles sold in its domestic market, requiring that the body member compartment withstand greater crash forces with relatively less deformation under more operating conditions.
With the popularization of domestic passenger vehicles in global markets, the environmental protection problems caused by petrochemical energy shortage and combustion are more and more serious, so that new energy vehicles are actively developed in various countries. One direction of the electric vehicle as a new energy vehicle is becoming a future trend. In addition to the traditional design, the design of the electric vehicle needs to consider the design of a higher endurance mileage so as to satisfy the competitiveness with the traditional fuel vehicle.
In addition, with the rapid development of electric vehicles in recent years, in order to increase the cruising distance, the electric vehicles need to be equipped with more energy storage batteries, so that the electric vehicles need to greatly increase the weight of the whole vehicle compared with fuel vehicles with the same specification, which leads to the increase of the kinetic energy of the whole vehicle at the initial stage of the vehicle collision under the same test conditions, that is, the body structure of the electric vehicle needs to bear more force and absorb more motion energy to improve the safety. Further, in electric automobile, because the energy storage battery package needs to be arranged, the space of a large amount of automobile body lower parts is occupied, and various classic automobile body collision safety structure technologies of traditional fuel vehicles can not be used, so that the novel automobile body structure technology which can meet the requirements of energy storage battery arrangement and vehicle safety is absolutely necessary.
Disclosure of Invention
An object of the present disclosure is to provide a vehicle body structure with higher collision safety performance.
In order to achieve the above object, the present disclosure provides a vehicle body structure, including two front side members disposed at an interval in a left-right direction, two sill inner plates disposed at an interval in a left-right direction, two floor side members disposed at an interval in a left-right direction, two rear side members disposed at an interval in a left-right direction, a front cross member, two reinforcing side members disposed at an interval in a left-right direction, at least one reinforcing cross member, and a floor panel, wherein the two sill inner plates are disposed at left and right sides of the floor panel, respectively; each front longitudinal beam comprises a front longitudinal beam front section and a front longitudinal beam rear section, and the front longitudinal beam rear section is bent backwards and outwards to be connected to the front cross beam; the front ends of the two floor longitudinal beams are connected to the floor front cross beam, and the rear end of each floor longitudinal beam is connected to the corresponding rear longitudinal beam; the connecting position of the rear end of the front longitudinal beam on the front cross beam corresponds to the connecting position of the floor longitudinal beam on the front cross beam; one side of the floor longitudinal beam is connected to the lower surface of the floor panel, and the other side of the floor longitudinal beam is connected to the corresponding inner doorsill plate; one side of each reinforcing longitudinal beam is connected to the upper surface of the floor panel, and the other side of each reinforcing longitudinal beam is connected to the corresponding inner doorsill plate; the reinforcing cross beam is connected to the two reinforcing longitudinal beams.
Optionally, the reinforcing side member substantially corresponds to the B-pillar in the lateral direction of the vehicle.
Optionally, the at least one reinforcing cross beam comprises two reinforcing cross beams parallel to each other, the two reinforcing cross beams are arranged at intervals in the front-back direction, and the two reinforcing cross beams and the two reinforcing longitudinal beams enclose a closed-loop frame.
Optionally, the reinforcement beam is a front seat mounting beam.
Optionally, the rear end of the rocker inner panel is connected to the corresponding rear side member.
Optionally, the front longitudinal beam front section and the front longitudinal beam rear section are separately arranged, the front longitudinal beam rear section includes a front connecting portion, a transition portion and a rear connecting portion, the front connecting portion is connected with the front longitudinal beam front section and extends backward from the front longitudinal beam front section, the transition portion extends backward and outward from the front connecting portion, and the rear connecting portion extends backward from the transition portion to be connected to the front cross beam.
Optionally, the vehicle body structure further includes a floor rear cross member, the floor rear cross member is connected to the lower surface of the floor panel, and two ends of the floor rear cross member are respectively connected to the two rear longitudinal beams or the two floor longitudinal beams.
Optionally, the front cross beam is a battery pack front mounting cross beam, the floor longitudinal beam is a battery pack mounting longitudinal beam, and the floor rear cross beam is a battery pack rear mounting cross beam.
Optionally, the rocker inner panel projects forward from the front cross member, and a distance between a front end of the rocker inner panel and the front cross member in the front-rear direction is less than 1000 mm.
Optionally, both ends of the front cross member are connected to the two rocker inner plates, respectively.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme for this disclosed body structure receives before bumping, bumps after or when bumping to the side, homoenergetic enough realizes collision power transmission and dispersion well, thereby reduces body structure's deformation, reduces the injury that the passenger probably received.
The present disclosure also provides a vehicle including the vehicle body structure as described above.
Additional features and advantages of the disclosure will be set forth in the detailed description which follows.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the disclosure and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the disclosure and together with the description serve to explain the disclosure without limiting the disclosure. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a bottom perspective view of a partial structure of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure, showing front side rails, a front cross member, a dash panel, and a floor panel;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a front cross member of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing a connection relationship between a front side member and a front cross member in a vehicle body structure according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 4 is a detailed view of the connection relationship between the front side member and the front cross member in a vehicle body structure according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing a connection relationship of a front side member, a front deck cross member and a front cross member in a vehicle body structure according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing a positional relationship between a front cross member and a front side member in a vehicle body structure according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 7 is a detailed view of the connection relationship between the front side member and the front cross member in a vehicle body structure according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 8 is another partial structural perspective view of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure illustrating inner and outer link plates;
FIG. 9 is a detailed view of the connection of the inner connecting plate to other components of the vehicle body structure in a vehicle body structure according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 10 is a detailed view of the connection of the outer link plates to other components of the vehicle body structure in a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 11 is a further partial structural perspective view of the vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure illustrating the floor rail, rear rail and floor rear cross member;
FIG. 12 is a bottom plan view of yet another portion of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a load frame of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 14 is another schematic view of a load frame of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure, showing a battery tray;
FIG. 15 is still another schematic illustration of a load frame in a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure, wherein the battery tray is formed as a split-type structure;
FIGS. 16 to 20 are schematic views showing a first connection mode of a front cross member, a rocker inner panel and a floor side member in a vehicle body structure according to the present disclosure;
FIGS. 21 and 22 are schematic views showing a second connection mode of a front cross member, a rocker inner panel and a floor side member in a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 23 is a detail view showing the connection relationship of the front side member, the front cross member, the floor side member, and the reinforcement member of the first embodiment in a vehicle body structure according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 24 is a detail view showing the connection relationship of the front side member, the front cross member, the floor side member, and the reinforcement member of the second embodiment in a vehicle body structure according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 25 is a detail view showing the connection relationship between the rear floor cross member and the rear side members in a vehicle body structure according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 26 is a detail view of the connection of the floor side rails to the rear side rails in a vehicle body structure according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 27 is a partial bottom structural view of another vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 28 is an exploded view of the front side rail of another body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 29 is a partial, bottom structural view of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure, illustrating a reinforcing cross member and reinforcing side members;
FIG. 30 is a partial structural top perspective view of a vehicle body structure in accordance with the present disclosure showing a side gusset;
FIG. 31 is a partial, structural plan view of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 32 is a partial bottom structural view of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 33 is an exploded view of a portion of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 34 is a perspective view of a reinforcing rail in a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 35 is an exploded view of a reinforcement rail in a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 36 is a perspective view of an upper cross member section of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 37 is a perspective view of a lower cross member section of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 38 is a perspective view of a rear reinforcing cross member in a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 39 is a detail view of the connection between a reinforcing side member and a reinforcing cross member in a vehicle body structure according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 40 is a perspective view of a floor panel in a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 41 is a sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 31;
fig. 42 is an enlarged view of portion C of fig. 41;
FIG. 43 is an enlarged partial view of FIG. 42;
FIG. 44 is a cross-sectional view B-B of FIG. 31;
fig. 45 is an enlarged view of portion D of fig. 44;
FIG. 46 is a cross-sectional perspective view taken from the vicinity of a front reinforcing cross member in a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 47 is a schematic view of the layout of the electric motor, the electronic control unit and the battery pack in a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 48 is an exploded rear fragmentary structural view of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 49 is a perspective view of a rear section of a rear side member of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 50 is a rear partial structural plan view of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 51 is a bottom plan view of a rear partial structure of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 52 is a cross-sectional view E-E of FIG. 51;
fig. 53 is an enlarged view of portion G in fig. 52;
FIG. 54 is a sectional view F-F of FIG. 51;
fig. 55 is an enlarged view of portion H of fig. 54;
FIG. 56 is an exploded view of another rear partial structure of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 57 is a rear partial structural side view of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 58 is a front view of a rear motor impact beam in a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 59 is an exploded view of yet another rear partial structure of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 60 is another rear partial structural side view of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 61 is a perspective view of a guide beam and a front mounting cross member of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure;
FIG. 62 is a bottom view of a vehicle body structure provided by the present disclosure.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of specific embodiments of the present disclosure is provided in connection with the accompanying drawings. It should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating the present disclosure, are given by way of illustration and explanation only, not limitation.
In the present disclosure, unless otherwise specified, terms of orientation such as "up, down, left, right, front, and rear" are used with reference to the up-down direction, the left-right direction, and the front-rear direction of the vehicle, and specifically, in the drawings, the X direction is the front-rear direction of the vehicle, that is, the longitudinal direction of the vehicle, wherein the side to which the arrow points is "front" and vice versa is "rear"; the Y direction is the left-right direction of the vehicle, i.e., the lateral direction of the vehicle, wherein the side pointed by the arrow is "right", otherwise "left"; the Z direction is the up-down direction of the vehicle, i.e., the height direction of the vehicle, wherein the side pointed by the arrow is "up" and vice versa "down"; "inside and outside" are defined with reference to the outline of the corresponding member, for example, inside and outside of a vehicle defined with reference to the outline of the vehicle, and the side near the middle of the vehicle is "inside" and vice versa. The above definitions are merely provided to aid in the description of the present disclosure and should not be construed as limiting the present disclosure.
All "cross members" in the present disclosure refer to beams extending substantially in the right-left direction of the vehicle, and all "side members" refer to beams extending substantially in the front-rear direction of the vehicle. The term "front side member" refers to a side member extending rearward from a front bumper cross member of the vehicle body structure. "rear side member" means a side member extending forward from a rear bumper beam of a vehicle in a vehicle body structure. In addition, the terms "dash panel", "floor panel", "rocker inner panel" and the like referred to in the embodiments of the present disclosure are, without other specific explanations, the meanings of which are well known in the art.
In addition, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and may be non-removably, such as by welding, removably, such as by bolts, or integrally formed by molding.
The present disclosure provides a vehicle body structure, which may include two front side members 100, a front cross member 210, and a floor panel 300, which are disposed at an interval in the left-right direction, as shown in fig. 1.
A dash panel 320 is connected to a front end of the floor panel 300, and a passenger compartment of the vehicle is defined behind the dash panel 320 and above the floor panel 300.
In one embodiment, the front cross member 210 is fixed to the lower surface of the floor panel 300 and the rear end of the front side member 100 is connected to the front cross member 210, that is, the front side member 100 is stopped at the front cross member 210, so that the rear end of the front side member 100 is supported in the event of a frontal collision (frontal collision) of the vehicle, thereby dispersing the impact force of the collision transmitted by the front side member 100 and preventing the rear section of the front side member 100 from being deformed to intrude into the passenger compartment. The front cross member 210 may be disposed near the dash panel 320. Further, fixedly connecting the front cross member 210 to the lower surface of the floor panel 300 can play a role of reinforcing the floor panel 300, and the floor panel 300 is excessively deformed, folded, or the like to press the passenger compartment space when avoiding a collision (including a front collision and a side collision). Alternatively, the width of the front side member 100 in the left-right direction is largest at the junction with the front cross member 210, that is, the front side member 100 may be gradually widened toward the front cross member, and the front cross member 210 can more stably overlap the front side member 100 by the larger junction width. In some embodiments, when the front cross member 210 is formed as a front battery pack mounting cross member for mounting a battery pack, the front cross member 210 disposed in front of the battery pack can be used to absorb impact energy, reduce the impact force of the impact on the battery pack, and protect the battery pack.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 2 to 4, the front beam 210 is formed in an upwardly open groove-like structure and includes a front beam bottom wall 211, a front beam front side wall 212 and a front beam rear side wall 213 which are oppositely disposed, an upper edge of the front beam front side wall 212 is formed with a front beam front side wall burring 210a extending in the left-right direction, an upper edge of the front beam rear side wall 213 is formed with a front beam rear side wall burring 210b extending in the left-right direction, and the front beam 210 is connected to the lower surface of the floor panel 300 by the front beam front side wall burring 210a and the front beam rear side wall burring 210 b.
The front cross member 210 and the floor panel 300 define a cavity having a generally rectangular or trapezoidal cross section to enhance the impact resistance of the vehicle body structure and help reduce the impact deformation of the floor panel 300. A reinforcing structure (for example, a welded metal plate) or a filled CBS (composite reinforced material) may be further disposed in the cavity enclosed by the front cross member 210 and the floor panel 300, so as to further improve the impact resistance of the front cross member 210 and reduce the deformation amount of the front cross member 210 during collision.
As shown in fig. 2, the end of the front-cross member front-side wall 212 may be formed with a front-cross member front-side wall end flange 210c, the end of the front-cross member rear-side wall 213 may be formed with a front-cross member rear-side wall end flange 210d, and the end of the front-cross member bottom wall 211 may be extended outward to form a front-cross member bottom wall overlap 210e, so that the front-cross member 210 can overlap other components of the vehicle body structure, such as the below-mentioned floor side member 110 or the rocker inner panel 500, etc., via the front-cross member front-side wall end flange 210c, the front-cross member rear-side wall end flange 210d, and the.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the front side member 100 may be connected to the front cross member 210 by any suitable means, and in order to ensure the connection strength between the front side member 100 and the front cross member 210, the front side member 100 may overlap with the front cross member bottom wall 211, the front cross member front side wall 212, and the front cross member front side wall flange 210a, respectively.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 4 and 7, the rear section of the front side member 100 may be formed into an upwardly opening groove-like structure, and includes a front side member bottom wall 101 and front side member inner and outer side walls 102 and 103 that are disposed opposite to each other. The upper edge of the front longitudinal beam inner side wall 102 is formed with a front longitudinal beam inner side wall flanging 100a extending along the front-back direction, the upper edge of the front longitudinal beam outer side wall 103 is formed with a front longitudinal beam outer side wall flanging 100b extending along the front-back direction, the rear end of the front longitudinal beam inner side wall 102 is formed with a front longitudinal beam inner side wall end part flanging 100c, the rear end of the front longitudinal beam outer side wall 103 is formed with a front longitudinal beam outer side wall end part flanging 100d, and the rear end of the front longitudinal beam bottom wall 101 extends backwards to form a front longitudinal beam bottom wall.
As shown in fig. 4, the front side member inside wall flange 100a is overlapped with the front cross member front wall flange 210a, the front side member outside wall flange 100b is overlapped with the front cross member front wall flange 210a, the front side member inside wall end flange 100c is overlapped with the front cross member front wall 212, the front side member outside wall end flange 100d is overlapped with the front cross member front wall 212, and the front side member bottom wall overlapping edge 100e is overlapped with the front cross member bottom wall 211.
As shown in fig. 5, the front side member 100 is formed with an inward concave point 105 along the wheel envelope for avoiding the wheel. In order to prevent the front side member 100 from bending at the recessed point 105 during a frontal collision of the vehicle, intruding into the dash panel 320 or pressing other elements located at the front of the vehicle, a reinforcing panel may be attached to the inner side of the front side member 100 at a position corresponding to the recessed point 105.
As shown in fig. 1 and 5, a front cross member 220 may be further connected between the two front side members 100, and the front cross member 220 is disposed in front of the dash panel 320 and may be connected to the dash panel 320 for stopping rearward movement of the vehicle front member, and may also function to reinforce the dash panel 320 so that the dash panel 320 is not easily deformed by collision. Furthermore, the front cross member 220, the two front side members 100, and the front cross member 210 can enclose a closed-loop frame structure, so that the strength of the vehicle body structure of the part is higher, the part can bear larger initial collision load and backward impact of the vehicle front part, and force can be transferred by the front cross member 220 and the front cross member 210, the deformation of the vehicle front part is reduced, and passengers and vehicle elements such as a battery pack arranged behind the front cross member 210 are protected. The front deck rail 220 may be connected to the front rail 100 at the concave point 105 to form a support for the front rail 100 to prevent the front rail 100 from bending.
In one embodiment, an orthographic projection of the front end of the front side member 100 on a horizontal plane is shifted from an orthographic projection of the rear end of the front side member 100 on a horizontal plane by a distance of not more than 80mm in the left-right direction. That is, the distance between the projection of the front end of the front longitudinal beam 100 on the horizontal plane along the Z direction and the projection of the rear end of the front longitudinal beam 100 on the horizontal plane along the Z direction, which is staggered along the Y direction, is not more than 80mm, so that the front longitudinal beam 100 is as close to a straight beam as possible, and a better force transmission effect is achieved.
The front deck rail 220 may be connected between the two front side rails 100 in any suitable manner. Specifically, in order to ensure the connection strength between the front deck beam 220 and the front longitudinal beam 100, as shown in fig. 7, the front deck beam 220 is formed into an upward-opening groove-shaped structure, and includes a front deck beam bottom wall 221, and a front deck beam front side wall 222 and a front deck beam rear side wall 223 which are oppositely arranged, an upper edge of the front deck beam front side wall 222 is formed with a front deck beam front side wall flanging 220a which extends in the left-right direction, an upper edge of the front deck beam rear side wall 223 is formed with a front deck beam rear side wall flanging 220b which extends in the left-right direction, an end of the front deck beam front side wall 222 is formed with a front deck beam front side wall end flanging 220c, an end of the front deck beam rear side wall 223 is formed with a front deck beam rear side wall end flanging 220d, and an end of the front deck beam bottom wall 221 extends outward to form a front deck beam bottom wall.
The front cabin cross beam front side wall flanging 220a and the front cabin cross beam rear side wall flanging 220b are in lap joint with the front longitudinal beam inner side wall flanging 100a, the front cabin cross beam front side wall end part flanging 220c and the front cabin cross beam rear side wall end part flanging 220d are in lap joint with the front longitudinal beam inner side wall 102, and the front cabin cross beam bottom wall lap joint edge 220e is in lap joint with the front longitudinal beam bottom wall 101. In actual manufacturing, the connection mode of each flanging or overlapping edge and the front longitudinal beam 100 can be overlapping and welding, so as to improve the connection strength of the front cross beam 220 and the front longitudinal beam 100, thereby ensuring that the front cross beam 220 can better bear the impact of a power device (such as a motor or an engine) of a vehicle.
The front deck rail 220 may be formed as a segmented structure for ease of fabrication. The front deck lateral beam 220 may include a lateral beam body and end connection sections connected to both ends of the lateral beam body, and the opening width of the groove-like structure of the front deck lateral beam 220 gradually increases from the lateral beam body to the end connection sections, so that each of the flanges overlapping with the front longitudinal beam 100 is easily processed. In an alternative embodiment, the front deck rail 220 may also be formed as a unitary structure.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the front side member 100 may have a main body section 100A and a downwardly bent section 100B connected to a rear end of the main body section 100A, and the front deck cross member 220 is mounted on the downwardly bent sections 100B of the two front side members 100 and is located at least partially below the main body section 100A (refer to fig. 6). Wherein the main body section 100A of the front side member is generally higher than the floor panel 300 of the passenger compartment of the vehicle, and the transition in the up-down direction of the front side member is achieved by the downwardly bent section. The main body section 100A is relatively high and can be used for vehicle power devices such as motors and engines. These vehicle powerplants are typically located at least partially below the main body section 100A.
Thus, in the event of a frontal collision, the front side member 100 collapses to move the vehicle components mounted on the main body section 100A rearward, and the front cross member 220 mounted on the downwardly curved section 100B is only partially located below the main body section 100A, so that the rearward moving vehicle components, such as the vehicle power unit such as the motor, can be stopped to prevent the vehicle components from intruding into the vehicle cabin due to the impact of the collision, thereby protecting the occupants.
Specifically, the main body section 100A is provided with mounting points for mounting a front sub-frame by which a power unit of the vehicle is mounted on the main body section 100A and is disposed at least partially below the main body section 100A and in front of the front cross member 220, so that the front cross member 220 can stop the power unit from moving backward in a frontal collision to threaten the passenger compartment. To ensure that the front deck rail 220 is below the main section 100A, the front deck rail 220 is at least partially attached to the bottom of the downwardly curved section 100B, as shown in fig. 1.
Since the collision impact force is mainly concentrated on the rear section of the front side member 100 and then dispersed toward the rear of the vehicle through other vehicle body structures, the rear section of the front side member 100 needs to have sufficient strength to ensure good transmission of the collision impact force and to prevent the rear section of the front side member 100 from deforming to press the dash panel 320. Therefore, as shown in fig. 8 to 10, in one embodiment, the vehicle body structure may further include one or both of an inner joint plate 410 and an outer joint plate 420 to be able to function to reinforce and right the rear section region of the front side member 100.
Specifically, the inner connection plate 410 is connected to the inner side of the front side member 100 and located between the front cross member 220 and the front cross member 210, and the inner connection plate 410 may be further connected to at least one of the front cross member 220 and the front cross member 210, so that the inner connection plate 410 may also assist in dispersing the impact force of the collision, and prevent the rear section of the front side member 100 from being excessively bent, which may cause the dash panel 320 to deform and crush the passenger compartment space.
As shown in fig. 9, the inner connecting plate 410 may include an inner connecting bottom wall 411, the inner connecting bottom wall 411 having an inner connecting plate first edge, an inner connecting plate second edge, an inner connecting plate third edge and an inner connecting plate fourth edge connected end to end, the inner connecting plate first edge extending along the front cross member 210 and overlapping the front cross member 210, the inner connecting plate second edge extending along the front side member 100 and overlapping the front side member 100, since the front deck beam 220 is located above the front beam 210 in the up-down direction, the third edge of the inner connecting plate is connected with the first inner connecting sidewall 412 extending upward at an angle to adapt to the position relationship between the front deck beam 220 and the front beam 210 in the up-down direction, the first inner connecting sidewall 412 is overlapped with the front deck beam 220, the fourth edge of the inner connecting plate is connected with the second inner connecting sidewall 413 extending upward, and the second inner connecting sidewall 413 is overlapped with the front beam 210.
In detail, referring to fig. 9, the first edge of the inner connecting plate extends outward to form a first overlapping surface 410a of the inner connecting plate extending in the left-right direction, the upper edge of the second inner connecting sidewall 413 is folded outward to form a first second inner connecting sidewall folded edge 410b extending in the front-rear direction, and the end of the second inner connecting sidewall 413 near the first edge of the inner connecting plate is folded outward to form a second inner connecting sidewall folded edge 410c extending in the up-down direction. Wherein:
the first overlapping edge 410a of the inner connecting plate is overlapped with the bottom wall 211 of the front cross beam, the first flanging 410b of the second inner connecting side wall is overlapped with the flanging 210a of the front side wall of the front cross beam, and the second flanging 410c of the second inner connecting side wall is overlapped with the front side wall 212 of the front cross beam;
the second edge of the inner connecting plate extends outward to form an inner connecting plate second overlapping edge 410d, and the inner connecting plate second overlapping edge 410d overlaps the stringer bottom wall 103;
the upper edge of the first inner connecting sidewall 412 is folded outwardly to form a first inner connecting sidewall flange 410e, and the first inner connecting sidewall flange 410e overlaps the front deck rail 220.
The inner connecting plate 410 can be provided with a reinforcing structure by welding metal plates and the like, so that the strength of the rear section of the front longitudinal beam 100 is further enhanced, and the rear section of the front longitudinal beam 100 is prevented from being bent to invade the front wall panel 320 due to collision.
As shown in fig. 8 and 10, the outer connecting plate 420 is disposed outside the front side frame 100, and can be connected to the front side frame 100 and the front cross member 210 to reinforce the front side frame 100, and can also be applied to a small offset collision of a vehicle, that is, a collision occurs outside the front side frame 100, at this time, the front side frame 100 is subjected to a small force, the effect of collapsing and absorbing energy is poor, and the vehicle body structure is easily deformed and the passenger compartment is squeezed as the wheels bear the collision and retreat to press the a pillar and the dash panel 320 of the vehicle.
Since the outer link plate 420 is located outside the front side member 100 and overlaps the front side member 100 and the front cross member 210, respectively, in a small offset collision, the outer link plate 420 can withstand a wheel impact and transmit force to the front side member 100 and the front cross member 210, and further, the outer link plate 420 can also extend outward to overlap the rocker inner panel 500, so that the force of the small offset collision can also be transmitted to the vehicle rear through the rocker inner panel 500 to reduce deformation of the vehicle a-pillar and the dash panel 320 caused by the collision impact. When the front longitudinal beam 100 is stressed in a large manner, collision impact force can also be dispersed to transfer force through the outer connecting plate 420, and the front longitudinal beam 100 is prevented from being bent at the rear section and deforming to invade the vehicle front wall plate 320. The rocker inner panel 500 is provided on both left and right sides of the floor panel 300, and the front end of the rocker inner panel 500 may project forward beyond the front cross member 210, and as shown in fig. 20, the distance between the front end of the rocker inner panel 500 and the front cross member 210 in the front-rear direction may be less than 1000mm, for example, 30 to 200mm, and preferably, 60 to 140 mm.
Specifically, referring to fig. 10, the outer joint plate 420 may include an outer joint bottom wall 421, the outer joint bottom wall 421 is formed in a quadrilateral shape and has an outer joint plate first edge, an outer joint plate second edge, an outer joint plate third edge and an outer joint plate fourth edge which are sequentially connected end to end, wherein the outer joint plate first edge extends along the front cross member 210 and overlaps with the front cross member 210, the outer joint plate second edge extends along the front longitudinal member 100 and overlaps with the front longitudinal member 100, an outer joint side wall 422 which extends upward is connected to the outer joint plate third edge, and the outer joint side wall 422 also overlaps with the front longitudinal member 100, and the outer joint plate fourth edge extends along the threshold inner plate 500 and overlaps with the threshold inner plate 500.
In detail, the outer link plate first edge extends outward to form an outer link plate first overlapping edge 420a extending in the left-right direction, the outer link plate first overlapping edge 420a overlapping with the front cross member bottom wall 211; the second edge of the outer connecting plate extends outwards to form an outer connecting plate second overlapping edge 420b extending along the front-back direction, the upper edge of the outer connecting side wall 422 is turned outwards to form an outer connecting side wall first turned edge 420c, the end part of the outer connecting side wall 422 close to the second edge of the outer connecting plate is turned outwards to form an outer connecting side wall second turned edge 420d extending along the up-down direction, and the outer connecting plate second overlapping edge 420b is overlapped with the bottom wall 101 of the front longitudinal beam; the first outer connecting side wall flanging 420c is in lap joint with the front longitudinal beam outer side wall flanging 100 b; the outer connecting side wall second flanging 420d is lapped with the front longitudinal beam outer side wall 103; the outer web fourth edge extends outwardly to form an outer web fourth overlapping edge 420 e; the end of the outer connecting sidewall 422 near the fourth edge extends outward to overlap the end of the rocker inner panel 500. Further, the outer link plate 420 is also overlapped with the dash panel 320 by an outer link side wall first burring 420 c.
In the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 8 and 10, the outer link plate 420 is formed substantially in a trapezoidal structure in which the length of the second edge of the outer link plate is greater than the length of the fourth edge of the outer link plate, and the third edge of the outer link plate is arc-transitioned between the second edge of the outer link plate and the fourth edge of the outer link plate to avoid the wheel. Therefore, during frontal collision, the outer connecting plate 420 can disperse the collision impact force concentrated on the rear section of the front side member 100 to the rear of the rocker inner panel 500 and the vehicle body structure, so as to reduce the collision extrusion strength borne by the rear section of the front side member 100, and the trapezoidal structure of the outer connecting plate 420 enables the front side member 100 to have good lateral stability and to be difficult to bend.
In order to improve the strength of the outer link plate 420, particularly in response to the above-mentioned small offset collision, the outer link plate 420 is further provided with a reinforcing structure for supporting the forward and backward acting force. Specifically, the reinforcing structure may be formed as a bead extending from the first edge of the outer link plate toward the third edge of the outer link plate, and the projection of the wheel on the outer link plate 420 in the front-rear direction at least partially coincides with the end of the bead to bear the impact of the wheel, or alternatively, the reinforcing structure may be formed as a sheet metal or filled with CBS (composite reinforcement material).
In order to be able to disperse the collision impact rearward, as shown in fig. 11 and 12, the vehicle body structure may further include two longitudinal vehicle body members disposed at a left-right interval, the rear ends of which are connected to the two rear side members 120, and two rear side members 120 disposed at a left-right interval, and a front cross member 210 may be connected to the longitudinal vehicle body members to transmit the collision impact force generated at the time of a front collision to the rear of the vehicle body structure, reducing the deformation of the front of the vehicle. In this way, the impact force generated at the time of a rear-end collision can be transmitted to the front portion of the vehicle body structure, and the deformation of the rear portion of the vehicle body can be reduced. In addition, the longitudinal body member is connected to the rear side member 120, which can increase the strength of the body structure.
In one embodiment, the vehicle body structure may further include a rear floor cross member 230, and the rear floor cross member 230 is disposed at a distance rearward of the front cross member 210 and connected to a lower surface of the floor panel 300. Both ends of the floor rear cross member 230 may be connected to the two longitudinal vehicle body members, respectively, or may be connected to the two rear side members 120, respectively.
In the case that both ends of the floor rear cross member 230 are connected to two of the vehicle body longitudinal members, respectively, the front cross member 210, the two vehicle body longitudinal members, and the floor rear cross member 230 together enclose a "square" shaped load-bearing frame 700 (visible in fig. 13), which load-bearing frame 700 may be used for mounting and bearing vehicle components, such as a battery tray 610 (visible in fig. 14) for mounting and bearing a battery pack.
In the case where both ends of the floor rear cross member 230 are connected to the two rear side members 120, respectively, for convenience of description, the rear side members 120 are divided into a front portion located in front of the floor rear cross member 230 and a rear portion located behind the floor rear cross member 230, wherein the front cross member 210, the two body longitudinal members, the front portions of the two rear side members 120, and the floor rear cross member 230 collectively enclose a load-bearing frame 700, and the load-bearing frame 700 may be used to mount and bear vehicle components, such as a battery tray 610 for mounting and bearing a battery pack. Through the structural design of the bearing frame, batteries can be arranged below the floor panel 300 as much as possible, and the vehicle can be ensured to have a cruising distance as long as possible.
When the carrying frame 700 is used for mounting the battery tray 610, the front cross member 210 and the rear cross member 230 may be sequentially referred to as a front mounting cross member and a rear mounting cross member of the battery pack, and the front cross member 210, the rear cross member 230 and the longitudinal beam of the vehicle body may have battery tray fastening holes formed thereon, so that the battery tray 610 carrying the battery pack is mounted to the front cross member 210, the rear cross member 230 and the longitudinal beam of the vehicle body by fasteners.
The battery pack may be integrally mounted on the support frame, or may be separately mounted on the support frame 700. In other words, the battery tray 610 may be one or more.
As shown in fig. 15, in the case where the battery packs are provided in separate bodies, the load frame 700 may be divided into a plurality of sub-frames by adding one or more battery packs to the cross member 360 between the front cross member 210 and the floor rear cross member 230, so that the battery tray of each battery pack may be mounted on the corresponding sub-frame. The battery tray fastening holes can be formed in the mounting cross beam 360 in the battery pack. The middle mount cross member 360 of the battery pack may be provided on the lower surface of the floor panel 300, or may be provided on the upper surface of the floor panel 300. When the mid-battery mounting cross member 360 is provided on the upper surface of the floor panel 300, holes may be opened at corresponding positions on the floor panel 300 so that fasteners can pass through the floor panel 300 to be connected to the mid-battery mounting cross member 360.
Of course, in other possible embodiments, the mounting cross member 360 in the battery pack may be replaced with a cross member (e.g., a front seat mounting cross member) that is inherent to the vehicle body structure.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 15, the battery tray 610 includes two first sub-trays 610A and two second sub-trays 610B that are separately arranged, a battery pack middle mounting cross beam 360 is arranged between the front cross beam 210 and the floor rear cross beam 230, the first sub-trays 610A are respectively connected with the front cross beam 210, the floor longitudinal beams 110 and the battery pack middle mounting cross beam 360, and the second sub-trays 610B are respectively connected with the battery pack middle mounting cross beam 360, the floor longitudinal beams 110 and the floor rear cross beam 230.
Here, the vehicle body longitudinal beam may be a beam (e.g., the rocker inner panel 500) inherent to the vehicle body structure, or may be a beam provided specifically for mounting the battery tray 610.
In one embodiment, the vehicle body longitudinal beam may be a rocker inner panel 500, and two rocker inner panels 500 are disposed at left and right sides of the floor panel 300, respectively. In this case, the sill inner 500 may be provided with a battery tray fastening hole.
In another embodiment, the longitudinal vehicle body member may be a floor side member 110 connected to the lower surface of the floor panel 300, and the floor side member 110 may be connected to the rocker inner panel 500 or may be spaced apart from the rocker inner panel 500. In this case, the floor stringer 110 may be provided with a battery tray fastening hole, and the floor stringer 110 may be referred to as a battery pack mounting stringer.
In yet another embodiment, the longitudinal vehicle body beam may be an assembly including a rocker inner panel 500 and a floor side member 110, the floor side member 110 being connected to the rocker inner panel 500. In this case, the front cross member 210 may be connected to one or both of the floor side member 110 and the rocker inner panel 500, the floor side member 110 and the rocker inner panel 500 may each have a battery tray fastening hole opened therein, and the floor side member 110 may be referred to as a battery pack mounting side member.
In the case where the longitudinal vehicle body member is the floor side member 110, as a first possible embodiment of the connection manner of the front cross member 210, the floor side member 110, and the rocker inner panel 500, as shown in fig. 16 to 20, both ends of the front cross member 210 are connected to the two rocker inner panels 500, respectively, and the front end of the floor side member 110 is connected to the front cross member 210.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 19, the rocker inner panel 500 may be formed in a U-shaped groove structure with an outward opening and include an inner panel top wall 501 and an inner panel bottom wall 502 that are disposed opposite to each other, and an inner panel side wall 503 connected between the inner panel top wall 501 and the inner panel bottom wall 502. As shown in FIG. 2, the end of the front beam front side wall 212 of the front beam 210 is formed with a front beam front side wall end flange 210c, the end of the front beam rear side wall 213 is formed with a front beam rear side wall end flange 210d, and the end of the front beam bottom wall 211 extends outwardly to form a front beam bottom wall overlap 200 e.
The front beam front side wall end flanging 210c is in lap joint with the inner plate side wall 503, the front beam rear side wall end flanging 210d is in lap joint with the inner plate side wall 503, and the front beam bottom wall lap joint edge 210e is in lap joint with the inner plate bottom wall 502, so that the connection between the front beam 210 and the threshold inner plate 500 is not easy to lose efficacy, collision impact force is well dispersed, and the vehicle body structure is prevented from being greatly deformed.
The floor side member 110 is fixedly coupled to the lower surface of the floor panel 300 and coupled to the rocker inner 500, thereby allowing the floor panel 300 to be respectively provided with body members in the left-right direction and the front-rear direction of the vehicle, functioning to reinforce the floor panel 300, and preventing the floor panel 300 from being excessively deformed in a collision (including a front collision and a side collision).
Specifically, as shown in fig. 18, the floor stringer 110 may be formed in an upwardly opening channel-like structure and include a floor stringer inner side wall 112 and a floor stringer outer side wall 113, and a floor stringer bottom wall 111 connecting the floor stringer inner side wall 112 and the floor stringer outer side wall 113. The upper edge of the inner side wall 112 of the floor longitudinal beam is formed with an inner flange 110a of the floor longitudinal beam extending along the front-back direction, the upper edge of the outer side wall 113 of the floor longitudinal beam is formed with an outer flange 110b of the floor longitudinal beam extending along the front-back direction, the inner flange 110a of the floor longitudinal beam is lapped with the lower surface of the floor panel 300, the outer flange 110b of the floor longitudinal beam is lapped with the inner plate bottom wall 502 of the sill inner plate 500, and the outer flange 110b of the floor longitudinal beam can be lower than the inner flange 110 a.
The front end of the floor side rail inner side wall 112 is formed with a floor side rail inner side wall front end flange 110c, and the front end of the floor side rail bottom wall 111 extends forward to form a floor side rail bottom wall overlap 110 e. The inner flange 110a of the floor longitudinal beam is overlapped with the rear side wall flange 210b of the front cross beam 210, the front end flange 110c of the inner side wall of the floor longitudinal beam is overlapped with the rear side wall 212 of the front cross beam 210, and the overlapping edge 110e of the bottom wall of the floor longitudinal beam is overlapped with the bottom wall 211 of the front cross beam 210.
In this connection, any two of the front cross member 210, the floor side member 110 and the rocker inner panel 500 are connected, so that, when a vehicle collides (e.g., a frontal collision), the impact force of the collision on the front side member 100 is transmitted to the front cross member 210 and is transmitted from the front cross member 210 to the floor side member 110 and the rocker inner panel 500, respectively, and the floor side member 110 is connected to the rocker inner panel 500, so that the impact force of the collision can be more uniformly dispersed at the connection positions of the three, and the collision resistance of the connection positions can be improved.
The connection method has the advantage that when the vehicle is in a front collision, the end of the floor side member 110 can abut against the front cross member 210, so that the front cross member 210 is prevented from moving backwards and pressing other elements of the vehicle body structure, for example, when the front cross member 210 is used as a battery pack front mounting cross member, the connection method can protect a battery pack located behind the battery pack front mounting cross member. Similarly, when a side collision (side collision) occurs to the vehicle, the front cross beam 210 can abut against the inner sill plate 500, so that the inner sill plate 500 is prevented from being pressed inwards to drive the floor longitudinal beam 110 to move towards the inner side of the vehicle body structure, and other elements located at the inner side of the floor longitudinal beam 110 are protected, for example, when the floor longitudinal beam 110 is used as a battery pack mounting longitudinal beam, the connection mode can protect a battery pack located at the inner side of the battery pack mounting longitudinal beam, thereby preventing the battery pack from being possibly ignited due to extrusion deformation, and improving the collision safety performance of the vehicle.
In a second possible embodiment of the connection method of the front cross member 210, the floor side member 110, and the rocker inner panel 500 in the case where the longitudinal vehicle body member is the floor side member 110, as shown in fig. 21 and 22, both ends of the front cross member 210 are connected to the two floor side members 110, respectively, and the rocker inner panel 500 is connected to the outer side of the floor side member 110 and disposed at a distance from the front cross member 210, that is, the front cross member 210 and the rocker inner panel 500 are connected to both sides of the floor side member 110, respectively.
Specifically, the front cross member front side wall flange 210a is overlapped with the floor longitudinal member inner side flange 110a, the front cross member rear side wall flange 210b is overlapped with the floor longitudinal member inner side flange 110a, the front cross member front side wall end flange 210c is overlapped with the floor longitudinal member inner side wall 112, the front cross member rear side wall end flange 210d is overlapped with the floor longitudinal member inner side wall 112, the front cross member bottom wall overlapping edge 210e is overlapped with the floor longitudinal member bottom wall 111, and the floor longitudinal member outer side flange 110b is overlapped with the inner plate bottom wall 502.
In this connection, when the vehicle is involved in a collision, such as a frontal collision, the impact force of the front side member 100 is transmitted to the front cross member 210 and, in turn, to the floor side member 110 and the rocker inner panel 500, and a stopper protrusion 114 (visible in fig. 22) may be further formed on the floor side member 110 for stopping the rear movement of the front cross member 210 in the event of a frontal collision.
In the above-described several connection manners, when a vehicle is involved in a frontal collision, the collision impact force is mainly concentrated on the rear end of the front side member 100 and is dispersed to the vehicle body structures (e.g., the rocker inner panel 500, the floor side member 110, etc.) located on both sides of the vehicle body structure by the front cross member 210.
In order to better transmit and disperse the collision force rearward in the event of a frontal collision, both the rear end of the floor side member 110 and the rear end of the rocker inner panel 500 may be connected to the rear side member 120. In this case, the force transmission path of the vehicle body structure at the time of a frontal collision may be: front longitudinal beam 100-front cross beam 210-floor longitudinal beam 110 and rocker inner panel 500-rear longitudinal beam 120. The force transmission path during a rear impact (rear impact) is opposite to that during a front impact.
The rear side member 120 may be integrally formed. In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 48, the rear side member 120 may include a rear side member front section 121 and a rear side member rear section 122 connected to each other, and the floor rear cross member 230 may be connected to the rear side member front section 121.
As one of the connection manners of the floor side member 110 and the rear side member front section 121, as shown in fig. 25 and 26, the front end of the rear side member front section 121 is formed into an upwardly open groove-like structure, and includes a rear side member front end inside wall 1212 and a rear side member front end outside wall 1213 which are oppositely disposed, and a rear side member front end bottom wall 1211 which connects the rear side member front end inside wall 1212 and the rear side member front end outside wall 1213. The upper edge of the rear side member front end inside wall 1212 is formed with a rear side member front end inside wall burring 121a extending in the front-rear direction, and the upper edge of the rear side member front end outside wall 1213 is formed with a rear side member front end outside wall burring 121b extending in the front-rear direction. The bottom wall 111 of the floor longitudinal beam is lapped on the bottom wall 1211 of the front end of the rear longitudinal beam, the inner flange 110a of the floor longitudinal beam is lapped on the inner side flange 121a of the front section of the rear longitudinal beam, and the outer flange 110b of the floor longitudinal beam is lapped on the outer side flange 121b of the front section of the rear longitudinal beam. In this way, the connection between the floor side member 110 and the rear side member 120 is not easily lost, so that the collision impact force is well dispersed, and the vehicle body structure is prevented from being greatly deformed.
As one way of connecting the floor rear cross member 230 to the rear side member front section 121, as shown in fig. 25, the floor rear cross member 230 may be formed in a groove-like structure that opens upward, and includes two rear cross member side walls 232 that are disposed opposite to each other and a rear cross member bottom wall 231 that connects the two rear cross member side walls 232. Rear beam side wall flanges 230a extending in the left-right direction are formed at the upper edges of the rear beam side walls 232, and rear beam side wall end flanges 230b are formed at the ends of the rear beam side walls 232. The rear cross member side wall flange 230a is overlapped with the lower surface of the floor panel 300, and the rear cross member side wall end flange 230b is overlapped with the inner side wall 1214 of the rear longitudinal member front section 121. As shown in fig. 25, the floor rear cross member 230 may be connected to the middle of the rear side member front section 121.
The load frame 700 to which the present disclosure relates can be part of a vehicle body structure crash force transmission path through some of the embodiments described above. Specifically, the rear end of the front side member 100 is connected to the front cross member 210 in the load-bearing frame 700, and when a front collision occurs to the vehicle, the front side member 100 first receives the collision, and the collision impact force is transmitted from the rear end of the front side member 100 to the front cross member 210 and dispersed along the floor side member 110 and the rocker inner panel 500 to the vehicle body structure at the rear of the vehicle, so that the vehicle as a whole can absorb the collision energy, reduce the deformation of the front panel 320 of the vehicle, protect the driver and the passenger in the passenger compartment, and the connection of the front cross member 210, the rocker inner panel 500 and the floor side member 110 can increase the strength of the load-bearing frame 700, reduce the collision of the load-bearing frame 700 including the deformation degree of the front collision, the rear collision and the side collision, and avoid the load-.
The vehicle body structure may further include a rear seat mounting cross member 260 (see fig. 62), the rear seat mounting cross member 260 being connected between the rear side members 120 and spaced forward of the floor rear cross member 230, and the carrier frame 700 may further include a rear seat mounting cross member 260, so that the number of mounting points of the battery tray 610 to the carrier frame 700 can be increased, which is advantageous in maintaining the mounting stability of the battery pack, and when the carrier frame 700 according to the present disclosure is used as a part of the force transmission path of the vehicle body structure, the rear seat mounting cross member 260 can also increase the force transmission path between the rear side members 120.
When the carrier frame 700 is used to mount the battery tray 610, the front cross member 210 is formed as a battery pack mounting front cross member, the floor side members 110 are formed as battery pack mounting side members, and the floor rear cross member 230 is formed as a battery pack mounting rear cross member. As shown in fig. 14, the carrying frame 700 further has a battery tray fastening hole 701 for fixing the battery tray 610. Accordingly, the battery tray 610 is provided at the edge thereof with mounting lugs 611 extending outward, so that the edge of the battery tray 610 does not directly contact the carrying frame 700, thereby ensuring that the battery tray 610 does not directly receive impact upon collision to protect the battery pack. The mounting lugs 611 are positioned to be aligned with the battery tray fastening holes 701, and battery tray mounting holes 612 are coaxially opened to mount the battery tray 610 to the carrier frame 700 by means of fasteners. Specifically, the battery tray fastening holes 701 and the battery tray mounting holes 612 may be formed in a plurality in one-to-one correspondence, for example, two battery tray mounting holes 612 are respectively opened on the front edge and the rear edge of the battery tray 610, and the two battery tray mounting holes 612 are arranged at intervals along the corresponding edges.
As shown in fig. 23, the connection position of the floor side member 110 to the front cross member 210 and the connection position of the front side member 100 to the front cross member 210 may be shifted in the left-right direction, and the floor side member 110 is located further outward with respect to the front side member 100. In order to make the connection between the front cross member 210 and the floor side member 110 more secure and improve the durability of the vehicle body structure, as shown in fig. 23 and 24, a reinforcing member 310 may be provided at the connection between the front cross member 210 and the floor side member 110, and the reinforcing member 310, the front cross member 210 and the floor side member 110 form a triangular structure. The front end of the reinforcement beam 310 is connected to the front cross member 210, and the rear end of the reinforcement beam 310 is connected to the floor side member 110. By providing the reinforcement beam 310, the junction of the front cross member 210 and the floor side member 110 is reinforced and the force transmission path is increased.
The front end of the reinforcing beam 310 may correspond to the rear end position of the front side member 100 in order to better transmit and disperse the collision force. The reinforcing beam 310 may be a straight beam (see fig. 23) or an arc beam (see fig. 23).
Unlike the above-described embodiment in which the connection position of the front side member 100 on the front cross member 210 is shifted in the left-right direction from the connection position of the floor side member 110 on the front cross member 210, in an alternative embodiment, as shown in fig. 27 and 28, the front side member 100 may include a front side member front section 100A and a front side member rear section 100B, the front side member rear section 100B is bent rearward and outward to be connected to the front cross member 210, the front end of the floor side member 110 is connected to the front cross member 210, and the connection position of the front side member 100 on the front cross member 210 corresponds to the connection position of the floor side member 110 on the front cross member 210.
The front side member front section 100A and the front side member rear section 100B may be integrally formed or may be provided separately. For ease of manufacture, as shown in fig. 28, the front side member front section 100A and the front side member rear section 100B are provided separately, the front side member rear section 100B may include a front connecting portion 100B1, a transition portion 100B2, and a rear connecting portion 100B3, the front connecting portion 100B1 is connected to the front side member front section 100A and extends rearward from the front side member front section 100A, the transition portion 100B2 extends rearward and outward from the front connecting portion 100B1, and the rear connecting portion 100B3 extends rearward from the transition portion 100B2 to be connected to the front cross member 210. In this case, both ends of the front cross member 210 may be connected to the two rocker inner panels 500, respectively.
In such an embodiment, the force transmission path of the vehicle body structure in a frontal collision may be: front longitudinal beam 100-front cross beam 210-floor longitudinal beam 110 and rocker inner panel 500-rear longitudinal beam 120. The force transmission path during rear impact is opposite to that during front impact.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 29, the vehicle body structure may further include two reinforcing side members 130 disposed at intervals in the left-right direction, and reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 disposed at intervals in the front-rear direction. Each of the reinforcing side members 130 is connected to the corresponding rocker inner panel 500 to reinforce the rocker inner panel 500. Each of the reinforcing cross members is connected to two reinforcing longitudinal members 130, and the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 connect the reinforcing longitudinal members 130 on the left and right sides. The reinforcement beams 240 and 250 and the two reinforcement stringers 130 form a closed-loop frame of a "square" shape, which is supported between the rocker inner panels 500 on the left and right sides.
In this case, when a side barrier collision occurs in the vehicle, the reinforcing side members 130 are connected to the rocker inner panel 500, and the reinforcing side members 130 on both sides are connected to each other by the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250, so that the rollover deformation of the rocker inner panel 500 can be effectively reduced, the intrusion deformation of the B-pillar 800 (connected to the rocker inner panel 500) in the indoor direction can be reduced, and the possible damage to the passenger can be reduced; on the other hand, the lateral deformation of the floor panel 300 and the rocker inner panel 500 can be significantly reduced, preventing the injury of the occupant and the damage of the battery pack arranged below the floor panel 300.
When a side pillar collision occurs to a vehicle, the closed-loop frame shaped like a Chinese character 'kou' formed by the reinforcing cross beams 240 and 250 and the two reinforcing longitudinal beams 130 not only can effectively improve the strength of a vehicle body structure, but also can directly transmit collision force from the rocker inner plate 500 on one side to the rocker inner plate 500 on the other side, so that the transverse deformation of the floor panel 300 and the rocker inner plate 500 can be remarkably reduced, and passengers can be prevented from being injured and a battery pack arranged below the floor panel 300 from being damaged. Also, when a side pillar collision of a vehicle occurs, collision force can be transmitted to the other side through the reinforcement cross members 240 and 250 as long as the collision point is within the range of the reinforcement side member 130.
In particular, in the closed loop frame shaped like a Chinese character 'kou' formed by the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 and the two reinforcing longitudinal members 130, both ends of each reinforcing longitudinal member 130 are supported by one reinforcing cross member, which provides the reinforcing longitudinal members 130 with high strength and rigidity, and the reinforcing longitudinal members 130 can transmit the collision force to the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 more effectively when a side pillar collision occurs.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 30, the reinforcing stringers 130 are disposed above the floor panel 300. In other embodiments, the reinforcing stringers 130 may also be disposed below the floor panel 300. Each of the reinforcing stringers 130 may be connected to the corresponding rocker inner panel 500 on one side and to the floor panel 300 on the other side.
The reinforcing side member 130 may be provided at any suitable longitudinal position of the rocker inner panel 500, and as shown in fig. 30, the reinforcing side member 130 may be provided at a position substantially corresponding to the B-pillar 800, for example. Since the B-pillar 800 is connected to the rocker inner panel 500, the reinforcing side member 130 is disposed at a position substantially corresponding to the B-pillar 800, and the portion of the rocker inner panel 500 connected to the B-pillar 800 can be reinforced in a targeted manner, thereby more effectively reducing the intrusion deformation of the B-pillar 800 in the indoor direction.
Specifically, the front end of the reinforcing stringer 130 may be located forward of the front edge 801 of the B-pillar 800 and the rear end of the reinforcing stringer 130 may be located between the front edge 801 and the rear edge 802 of the B-pillar 800. The length of the reinforcing longitudinal beam 130 may be, for example, 300 to 500 mm. In some possible embodiments, the front end of the reinforcing stringer 130 may extend to a location corresponding to the a-pillar and the rear end may extend to the rear seat mounting cross member.
The spacing between the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 (i.e., the distance between the rear edge of the reinforcing cross member 240 and the front edge of the reinforcing cross member 250) may be 250-350mm, and the reinforcing cross member 250 located rearward of the two reinforcing cross members may substantially correspond to the B-pillar 800 in the lateral direction of the vehicle. In some possible embodiments, the reinforcement beam 240 may be moved forward to a position corresponding to the a-pillar and the reinforcement beam 250 may be moved rearward to be forward of and disposed adjacent to the rear seat mounting beam.
In one embodiment, in order to improve the mounting strength of the front seat and ensure the safety of the front passenger, the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 may be provided with front seat mounting points, that is, the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 may be a front seat front mounting cross member and a front seat rear mounting cross member, respectively. Of course, in other embodiments, the front seat mounting points may also be provided in the area enclosed by the reinforcing crossmembers 240 and 250 and the two reinforcing stringers 130.
When the reinforcing longitudinal beams 130 are disposed under the floor panel 300, the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 may also be disposed under the floor panel 300 and connected to the lower surface of the floor panel 300. In this case, if the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 are used as the front-seat front mounting cross member and the front-seat rear mounting cross member, holes may be bored in the floor panel 300 at positions corresponding to the reinforcing cross members so that fasteners can pass through the floor panel 300 to be connected to the reinforcing cross members.
The reinforcing stringers 130 may have a variety of suitable configurations. In one embodiment, in order to provide the reinforcing stringer 130 with higher structural strength, as shown in fig. 34, the reinforcing stringer 130 may be formed in a downwardly opening channel-like structure and include reinforcing stringer inner walls 132 and reinforcing stringer outer walls 133 that are oppositely disposed, and a reinforcing stringer top wall 131 that connects the reinforcing stringer inner walls 132 and the reinforcing stringer outer walls 133.
In this case, in order to facilitate the connection with the rocker inner panel 500 and the floor panel 300, the lower edge of the reinforcing side member inner side wall 132 may be formed with a reinforcing side member inner side wall burring 130a, and the lower edge of the reinforcing side member outer side wall 133 may be formed with a reinforcing side member outer side wall burring 130 b. The reinforcing longitudinal beam inner side wall flanging 130a is overlapped with the upper surface of the floor panel 300, the reinforcing longitudinal beam outer side wall flanging 130b is overlapped with the inner plate top wall 501 of the threshold inner plate 500, and the position of the reinforcing longitudinal beam outer side wall flanging 130b can be higher than that of the reinforcing longitudinal beam inner side wall flanging 130 a.
Further, the reinforcing side member 130 may be formed in a groove-like structure closed at both front and rear ends, and further includes a front end wall 134 and a rear end wall 135 which are oppositely disposed, wherein the front end wall 134 is formed at a front edge of the reinforcing side member top wall 131 and connects the reinforcing side member inner side wall 132 and the reinforcing side member outer side wall 133, the rear end wall 135 is formed at a rear edge of the reinforcing side member top wall 131 and connects the reinforcing side member inner side wall 132 and the reinforcing side member outer side wall 133, a front end wall burring 130c is formed at a lower edge of the front end wall 134, a rear end wall burring 130d is formed at a lower edge of the rear end wall 135, and both the front end wall burring 130c and the rear end wall burring 130. By designing the reinforcing longitudinal beam 130 into a groove-shaped structure with two closed ends, on one hand, the strength of the reinforcing longitudinal beam 130 is further improved, and the transmission of collision force during side collision is facilitated; on the other hand, the inside of the reinforcing side member 130 is formed as a closed space, so that no foreign matter enters, and no air flow is generated in the inside of the reinforcing side member 130 when the vehicle is running, thereby reducing noise.
The reinforcing stringer 130 may be integrally formed and may be formed by joining a plurality of sections. In the present embodiment, for convenience of manufacture, as shown in fig. 35, the reinforcing side member 130 may be divided into an outer half body 130A and an inner half body 130B in the lateral direction thereof, and the outer half body 130A may overlap the inner half body 130B. Wherein the reinforcing side member outer side wall 133 and the reinforcing side member outer side wall burring 130B are formed on the outer half body 130A, and the reinforcing side member inner side wall 132 and the reinforcing side member inner side wall burring 130A are formed on the inner half body 130B.
As shown in fig. 33 and 40, the floor panel 300 may have floor panel flanges 300B on both left and right sides thereof for easy connection with the rocker inner panel 500. In one embodiment, the portion of the floor panel cuff 300B corresponding to the location of the reinforcing stringer 130 has an "L" shaped cross-section, and the other portion has a "in-line" shaped cross-section.
In other words, as shown in FIG. 40, the floor panel flanges 300B may include a first section of flanges 300B1 corresponding to the location of the reinforcing stringers 130, and a second section of flanges 300B2 forward of the first section of flanges 300B1 and/or a third section of flanges 300B3 rearward of the first section of flanges 300B 1. The cross section of the first section of the flange 300B1 is "L" shaped (i.e., first folded upward and then outward) to overlap the top wall of the inner panel top wall 501 of the rocker inner panel 500. The second section 300B2 and/or the third section 300B3 may be "in-line" in cross-section (i.e., folded up) to overlap the inner panel side wall 503 of the rocker inner panel 500. In this case, in order to ensure the connection reliability of the reinforcing side member 130 to the rocker inner panel 500 and improve the collision safety performance of the vehicle body structure, the reinforcing side member outer side wall bead 130B, the first stage bead 300B1, and the inner panel top wall 501 of the rocker inner panel 500 may be stitch-welded together in three layers.
To facilitate the application of a sealant between the first section 300B1 and the inner panel top wall 501 to prevent water ingress into the room, in one embodiment, as shown in fig. 43, the outer edge 300B11 of the first section 300B1 may protrude beyond the outer edge 130B1 of the reinforcement stringer outer sidewall flange 130B.
In the present disclosure, the reinforcement cross member and the reinforcement side member may be connected together by any suitable means.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 35 and 39, the inner half 130B is formed with two cutouts 130e, and the ends of the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 pass through the corresponding cutouts 130e to extend into the inner portion of the reinforcing longitudinal member 130 (i.e., into the cavity formed by the reinforcing longitudinal member 130 and the floor panel 30), that is, the reinforcing longitudinal member 130 straddles the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250. The cutouts 130e may be shaped to match the cross-section of the reinforcing beams 240 and 250, and may be, for example, "#" shaped. The edge of the opening 130e is formed with an opening flange 130f, and the opening flange 130f is lapped with the reinforcing cross beam so as to connect the reinforcing longitudinal beam with the reinforcing cross beam.
In an alternative embodiment, the reinforcing stringers 130 may be located between the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250, and both ends of the reinforcing stringers 130 may be connected to the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250, respectively.
The end of each reinforcing beam may be directly connected to the rocker inner panel 500 or may not be connected to the rocker inner panel 500.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 42, a gap a may be provided between an end of each reinforcement beam and the corresponding rocker inner panel 500, and the gap a may be, for example, 2 to 8 mm. In this case, in the event of a side collision, the rocker inner panel 500 transmits the collision force to the connected reinforcing side member 130, the reinforcing side member 130 transmits the collision force to the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250, the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 transmit the collision force to the reinforcing side member 130 on the other side, and the reinforcing side member 130 on the other side transmits the collision force to the rocker inner panel 500 connected thereto. When the rocker inner panel 500 is pressed and deformed by a force and comes into contact with the end of the reinforcing cross member, a part of the collision force is directly transmitted to the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 by the rocker inner panel 500, and the other part of the collision force is indirectly transmitted to the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 through the reinforcing side members 130. The gap a between the end of the reinforcing beam and the rocker inner panel 500 ensures that the rocker inner panel 500 has a certain deformation buffer space to absorb part of the collision energy.
As shown in fig. 33 and 40, the floor panel 300 is formed with a central passage 300A that protrudes upward. To facilitate the placement of the reinforcement beams 240 and 250 transversely across the floor panel 300, in one embodiment, the central channel 300A may have a lower height than a conventional central channel, e.g., the height of the central channel 300A may be less than 50 mm. The cross-section of the central channel 300A is downwardly open U-shaped and includes a central channel top wall 300A1 and two central channel side walls 300A 2.
The reinforcement beams 240 and 250 may both be positioned above the floor panel 300 and across the central channel 300A.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 30, 36 and 46, the reinforcing beam 240 located forward of the two reinforcing beams 240, 250 may include two upper beam sections 241 spaced apart and a lower beam section 242 connecting the two upper beam sections 241. Each upper cross beam section 241 is located above the floor panel 300 and connected to a corresponding reinforcing stringer 130, and the lower cross beam section 242 is located below the central channel 300A. The upper beam section 241, the central channel side wall 300a2, and the lower beam section 242 may be welded together in three layers.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 36, the upper cross member segment 241 may be formed in a downwardly open groove-like structure, and include two upper cross member segment side walls 2412 disposed opposite to each other and an upper cross member segment top wall 2411 connecting the two upper cross member segment side walls 2412, wherein upper cross member segment side wall flanges 241a extending in the left-right direction are formed at lower edges of the upper cross member segment side walls 2412, and the upper cross member segment side wall flanges 241a overlap with an upper surface of the floor panel 300.
As shown in fig. 37, the lower beam section 242 may be formed in a groove-like structure that opens upward, and includes two oppositely disposed lower beam section side walls 2422 and a lower beam section bottom wall 2421 that connects the two lower beam section side walls 2422, an upper edge of the lower beam section side wall 2422 is formed with a lower beam section side wall burring 242a that extends in the left-right direction, and the lower beam section side wall burring 242a overlaps with the lower surface of the floor panel 300.
At the central channel side wall 300a2, the upper beam section side wall flange 241a, the central channel side wall 300a2, and the lower beam section side wall flange 242a may be welded together in three layers.
As shown in fig. 46, the end of the upper beam section 241 remote from the rocker inner panel 500 may extend onto the center channel top wall 300a1, and the upper beam section side flange 241a, the center channel top wall 300a1, and the lower beam section side flange 212 may be welded together in three layers at the center channel top wall 300a 1.
Here, the lower beam section 242 not only serves as a part of the reinforcement beam 240 to transmit collision force during a side collision, but also reinforces the center tunnel 300A, prevents the center tunnel 300A from being tapered from both sides to the middle during a side collision, and further reduces lateral deformation of the floor panel 300.
The reinforcing cross member located rearward of the two reinforcing cross members, i.e., the rear reinforcing cross member 250, may be located above the floor panel 300 and extend through the central passage 300A. By reducing the height of the central channel 300A, the height difference of each part of the reinforcing beam 250 can be reduced, and the reinforcing beam 250 is ensured to have better continuity and straightness, which is beneficial to the transmission of collision force.
As shown in fig. 38, the reinforcing beam 250 may be formed in a downwardly opening channel-like structure, and include two oppositely disposed rear reinforcing beam side walls 252 and a rear reinforcing beam top wall 251 connecting the two rear reinforcing beam side walls 252, the lower edges of the rear reinforcing beam side walls 252 being formed with rear reinforcing beam side flanges 250a extending in the left-right direction, the rear reinforcing beam side flanges 250a overlapping the upper surface of the floor panel 300.
Similarly, as shown in fig. 32 and 33, a center tunnel reinforcement beam 430 may be provided below the center tunnel 300A at a position corresponding to the reinforcement cross member 250, and both ends of the center tunnel reinforcement beam 430 are connected to the center tunnel side walls 300A2 and to the reinforcement cross member 250. In the event of a side collision, the center tunnel reinforcement beam 430 can not only prevent the center tunnel 300A from buckling from both sides to the middle, and reduce the lateral deformation of the floor panel 300, but also assist the reinforcement cross member 250 in transmitting a portion of the collision force, and prevent the reinforcement cross member 250 from deforming at the stress concentration.
In a side collision, whether a side barrier collision or a side pillar collision, the rocker inner panel 500 receives a collision impact, deforms slightly and absorbs energy, transmits force to the floor side member 110 and the reinforcement side member 130, transmits force to the front and rear of the vehicle, and spans the left and right front cross members 210, the reinforcement cross members 240, 250, and the like to transmit the collision impact force received from one side to the other side, so that the side collision force is dispersed, and the passenger compartment and the battery pack are protected.
In one embodiment of the vehicle body structure of the present disclosure, two closed-loop frame structures are formed below the floor panel 300, including:
the closed-loop framework is defined by a front cabin cross beam 220, two front longitudinal beams 100 and a front cross beam 210, and the closed-loop framework structure can be as follows: firstly, front collision load is borne, including initial collision load transmitted through a force transmission path and backward collision impact of a driving motor and the like; second, the closed frame-shaped structure has strong stability, and in actual manufacturing, intrusion deformation of the dash panel in the front of the passenger compartment can be surely suppressed by setting appropriate beam wall thickness and material strength; thirdly, the frame-shaped structure and the reinforcing structure formed by the outer connecting plate 420 arranged on the outer side of the front longitudinal beam 100 can effectively adapt to the collision condition that the wheels have serious backward deformation tendency such as small offset collision and the like, and ensure that the deformation of the rear A column and the threshold inner plate 500 is restrained; fourthly, through the stable structure between the front cross beam 220 and the front cross beam 210, the concentrated load applied by the front longitudinal beam and the wheels in small offset collision can be maximally dispersed and transmitted to the inner sill plates 500 and the floor longitudinal beam 110 at the two sides of the passenger compartment, and further transmitted to the rear of the vehicle body, so that the deformation of the passenger compartment during frontal collision can be more effectively avoided under normal stress;
secondly, the closed loop frame formed by the bearing frame 700 has at least the following advantages: firstly, the arrangement area space of the energy storage battery can be provided to the maximum extent under the condition of meeting the collision safety deformation requirement, and the performance requirement of long-distance endurance is improved; secondly, the closed-loop framework provides a simple and easy assembly mode for the energy storage battery pack, and the energy storage battery arrangement with intensive characteristics in spatial arrangement is beneficial to the electric heating management in the battery pack; thirdly, the closed-loop frame is basically aligned with the geometric position of the passenger compartment in the upper and lower positions, so that the improvement of the collision-proof deformation of the frame structure or the passenger compartment structure can simultaneously play a role in protecting passengers and energy storage battery packs; fourthly, the closed-loop framework is easy to design with better structural balance, and can easily meet the requirement of performance balance of different parts. In summary, the two structures can uniformly distribute the collision force on each beam, and can stop the elements arranged at the front part of the vehicle, so as to prevent the power device of the vehicle such as a motor from moving backwards to enter the passenger compartment or pressing the battery pack below the floor panel 300 due to collision impact, and causing secondary collision damage.
In one embodiment of the vehicle body structure of the present disclosure, a closed-loop frame structure, that is, a closed-loop frame in a shape like a Chinese character 'kou' surrounded by the reinforcing cross members 240 and 250 and the two reinforcing longitudinal members 130, is formed on the floor panel 300, and not only can the strength of the vehicle body structure be effectively improved, but also the collision force can be directly transmitted from the rocker inner panel 500 on one side to the rocker inner panel 500 on the other side, so that the floor panel 300 does not substantially or less participate in the force transmission and energy absorption of the collision, and thus the lateral deformation of the floor panel 300 and the rocker inner panel 500 can be significantly reduced, and the injury of passengers and the damage of battery packs arranged below the floor panel 300 can be prevented. Both ends of each of the reinforcing longitudinal beams 130 are supported by one reinforcing cross beam, respectively, which allows the reinforcing longitudinal beams 130 to have high strength and rigidity, and the reinforcing longitudinal beams 130 are not easily deformed when a side pillar collision occurs, thereby enabling more efficient transmission of collision force to the reinforcing cross beams 240 and 250.
The above describes an embodiment in which two mutually parallel reinforcing cross members are provided between two reinforcing longitudinal members 130. In alternative embodiments, two reinforcing longitudinal beams 130 may also be connected to each other by only one reinforcing cross beam, or by two reinforcing cross beams arranged crosswise.
The vehicle adopting the vehicle body structure can be an electric vehicle and also can be a fuel oil vehicle. In the case where the vehicle is an electric vehicle, as shown in fig. 47, the electric vehicle may include a front motor 710, a front electronic controller 720, a rear motor 730, and a rear electronic controller 740. The front motor 710 and the front electronic controller 720 are disposed in front of the dash panel 320, and the rear motor 730 and the rear electronic controller 740 are disposed behind the battery pack 600.
Specifically, the front motor 710 may be mounted to the front side member 100 through a front sub-frame, and the front electronic controller 720 may be mounted to the front side member 100 through a front cabin bracket. The rear motor 730 may be mounted on the rear side member 120 through a rear sub-frame and located behind the battery pack 600, and the rear electronic controller 740 may be mounted on the floor panel 300.
The floor panel 300 has a rear electric control mounting area for mounting the rear electric control 740 and a rear seat mounting area for mounting the rear seat, the rear electric control mounting area being located rearward of and spaced apart from the rear seat mounting area. Rear electronic control 740 may be used to control the powering on and off of battery pack 600.
In order to be able to protect the rear electric control 740 at the time of a rear collision, in one embodiment, as shown in fig. 50 and 51, the rear side member 120 may include, in order from the rear to the front, a first section I, a second section II, a third section III, and a fourth section IV, wherein the second section II corresponds to the rear electric control mounting region of the floor panel 300 in the lateral direction of the vehicle (i.e., corresponds to the rear electric control 740 in the lateral direction of the vehicle), and the strength of the second section II is greater than that of the first section I and greater than that of the third section III. Reference numeral 270 in the figure denotes a rear bumper beam.
Since the strength of the second section II is greater than the strength of the first section I and the third section III, when a rear collision occurs to the vehicle, the second section II is crushed later or not crushed (in the case of a small collision force) than the first section I and the third section III, so that the rear electronic control 740 laterally corresponding to the second section II is deformed later or not deformed to protect the rear electronic control 740, and thus the rear electronic control 740 can have sufficient time to control the power-off of the battery pack 600, and the danger of fire or even explosion when the battery pack 600 is crushed can be avoided.
In one embodiment, the intensity of the third section III may be greater than the intensity of the first section I, i.e. the intensity of the first section I is smallest, the intensity of the third section III is next to the intensity of the second section II is largest. In this case, when the vehicle is involved in a rear collision, if the collision force is small, only the first section I is crushed; if the collision force is large, the first section I is crushed firstly, and then the third section III is crushed; if the crash forces are too great, the first section I is crushed first, then the third section III is crushed, and finally the second section II is crushed.
In one embodiment, the dividing plane P-P of the third section III and the fourth section IV may be located rearward of the rear seat mounting region of the floor panel 300, that is, the rear seat is located in a range where the fourth section IV corresponds in the vehicle lateral direction, that is, the rear seat mounting cross member 260 may be connected to the fourth section IV, and the strength of the fourth section IV may be greater than that of the third section III. Further, the intensity of the fourth section IV may be greater than the intensity of the second section II. By designing the fourth section IV to have a large strength, the fourth section IV is not easily crushed when a rear collision of the vehicle occurs, thereby ensuring the safety of the rear passenger.
When the floor rear cross member 230 is used as a battery pack rear mounting cross member, the dividing plane P-P of the third section III and the fourth section IV may be located behind the floor rear cross member 230, i.e., the floor rear cross member 230 is connected to the fourth section IV of the rear side member 120. By designing the fourth section IV to have a large strength, the fourth section IV is not easily crushed when a rear collision of the vehicle occurs, thereby ensuring the safety of the battery pack.
More specifically, in one embodiment, as shown in fig. 51, the vehicle body structure may further include an underfloor cross member 280, the underfloor cross member 280 being disposed on a lower surface of the floor panel 300 and located rearward of the floor rear cross member 230, both ends of the underfloor cross member 280 being connected to the left and right side rear side members 120, respectively, and a rear edge of the underfloor cross member 280 being located on a dividing plane P-P of the third section III and the fourth section IV. In other words, the underfloor cross member 280 is connected to the rear end of the fourth section IV. By connecting the underfloor cross member 280, the strength of the fourth section IV is improved.
The under-floor cross member 280 is a beam inherent to the vehicle body structure, and the under-floor cross member 280 is connected to the inner concave point of the rear side member 120 for preventing bending deformation at the inner concave point. As shown in fig. 50, a floor upper cross member 290 corresponding to the position of the floor lower cross member 280 may be further provided above the rear floor panel 300, and the floor upper cross member 290, the rear floor panel 300 and the floor lower cross member 280 are connected together. In this case, the third section III may correspond to a region of the floor panel 300 between the floor upper cross member 290 and the rear electric control installation region in the lateral direction of the vehicle.
Meanwhile, the floor rear cross member 230, the floor lower cross member 280 and the two rear side members 120 enclose a closed-loop frame structure, which can increase the strength of the vehicle body structure and improve the stability of the vehicle body structure. In the event of a side collision of the vehicle, the floor rear cross member 230 and the underfloor cross member 280 can directly transmit collision force from the rear side member 120 on one side to the rear side member 120 on the other side, so that the floor panel 300 is substantially not involved or is less involved in transmission of force and energy in the collision, and thus the reduction of lateral deformation of the floor panel 300 and the rear side member 120 can be restrained.
In the present disclosure, the rear side member 120 may have any suitable structure as long as the strength relationship of its respective sections satisfies the above requirements.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 48, the rear longitudinal beam 120 may include a front rear longitudinal beam section 121 and a rear longitudinal beam section 122 connected to each other, the under-floor cross beam 280 and the rear floor cross beam 230 may be connected to the front rear longitudinal beam section 121, a rear longitudinal beam rear section reinforcing structure and a rear longitudinal beam rear section weakening structure are provided on the rear longitudinal beam section 122, the rear longitudinal beam rear section weakening structure is located in the first section I, and the rear longitudinal beam rear section reinforcing structure is located in the second section II.
As shown in fig. 49, the rear side member rear section weakening structure may be a crush rib 1223 and/or a crush hole provided on the rear side member rear section 122.
As shown in fig. 49, the cross section of the rear longitudinal beam rear section 122 is in an upward-opening groove-like structure, and includes a rear section bottom wall 1221 and two rear section side walls 1222, the two rear section side walls 1222 are disposed opposite to each other, and the rear section bottom wall 1221 connects the two rear section side walls 1222.
As shown in fig. 48, 54, and 55, the rear side member rear-section reinforcing structure may include a rear side member rear-section reinforcing plate 125 disposed inside the rear side member rear section 122, a rear end of the rear side member rear-section reinforcing plate 125 extending to a boundary surface M-M of the second section II and the first section I, and a front end of the rear side member rear-section reinforcing plate 125 extending to a boundary surface N-N of the second section II and the third section III. The second section II can be reinforced by providing the rear side member rear-section reinforcing plate 125.
The rear side rail rear section reinforcing plate 125 may be directly attached to the rear section bottom wall 1221. In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 55, the rear longitudinal member rear reinforcing plate 125 may be disposed at a distance from the rear bottom wall 1221, and the rear longitudinal member rear reinforcing structure may further include rear longitudinal member rear supporting plates 126A and 126B supported between the rear bottom wall 1221 and the rear longitudinal member rear reinforcing plate 125, and the rear longitudinal member rear reinforcing plate is connected to the rear longitudinal member rear 122 through the rear longitudinal member rear supporting plates 126A and 126B. One or more rear side member rear gusset plates 126A and 126B may be provided. In the embodiment shown in fig. 55, the rear longitudinal member rear section gussets 126A, 126B include a front gusset 126A and a rear gusset 126B. The front supporting plate 126A is shaped like a Chinese character 'ji' and is used for supporting the front part and the middle part of the rear longitudinal beam rear section reinforcing plate 125; the rear stay 126B is formed in a "Z" shape and supports the rear portion of the rear side member rear-section reinforcing plate 125.
In one embodiment, the front end of the rear side rail rear section 122 may extend to the interface N-N of the second section II and the third section III, that is, the front end of the rear side rail rear section 122 is flush with the front end of the rear side rail rear section reinforcement plate 125, and the length of the rear side rail rear section 122 is equal to the sum of the lengths of the first section I and the second section II.
A rear longitudinal beam front section rear reinforcing plate 124 may be provided on the rear longitudinal beam front section 121, and the rear longitudinal beam front section rear reinforcing plate 124 may be provided at the junction of the rear longitudinal beam front section 121 and the rear longitudinal beam rear section 122. Through setting up reinforcing plate 124 behind the back longeron anterior segment, can improve the intensity of the junction of back longeron anterior segment 121 and back longeron back end 122, prevent that the junction of back longeron anterior segment 121 and back longeron back end 122 from losing efficacy or warping, be favorable to the collision force backward or forward transmission when the vehicle takes place front collision or rear collision, improve the collision security of vehicle.
Further, a rear longitudinal member front section middle reinforcing plate 123 may be further disposed on the rear longitudinal member front section 121, and a part of the rear longitudinal member front section middle reinforcing plate 123 is located in the third section III, and another part is located in the fourth section IV. Through the arrangement of the reinforcing plate 123 in the front section of the rear longitudinal beam, the whole third section III and part of the fourth section IV can be reinforced, so that the strength of the third section III is greater than that of the first section IV, and the crushing sequence of each section of the rear longitudinal beam in rear collision is convenient to control.
In order to protect the rear motor 730 when the vehicle is in a rear collision or in reverse, in one embodiment, as shown in fig. 56 and 57, the vehicle body structure may further include a rear motor impact beam 440, both ends of the rear motor impact beam 440 are respectively connected to the two rear side frames 120, and the rear motor impact beam 440 is located below the rear floor panel 300 and behind the rear motor 730.
By arranging the rear motor anti-collision beam 440 behind the rear motor 730, on one hand, when rear collision occurs, the rear motor anti-collision beam 440 can prevent a rear vehicle from directly colliding with the rear motor 730, and effectively protect the rear motor 730; on the other hand, when backing up, rear motor impact beam 440 can prevent ground obstacles, such as road steps, ground piles, etc., from damaging rear motor 730, further protecting rear motor 730.
Since both ends of the rear motor impact beam 440 are connected to the left and right rear side frames 120, respectively, the rear motor impact beam 440 may form a lateral support between the two rear side frames 120 when a side collision occurs to the vehicle, reducing lateral deformation of the rear side frames 120 and the rear floor panel 300.
Both ends of the rear motor impact beam 440 may be attached to any suitable position of the rear side rail 120. In one embodiment, both ends of the rear motor impact beam 440 may be connected to the second section II of the rear side rail 120, that is, the rear motor impact beam 440 may be disposed directly below the rear electric controller 740. In this way, the strength of the second section II can be reinforced.
The rear motor impact beam 440 may have any suitable structure and shape. In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 58, the rear motor impact beam 440 may include a main body section 441 and two connecting sections 442, the main body section 441 extending horizontally, and each connecting section 442 extending generally obliquely upward from one end of the main body section 441 to be connected to the rear side member 120. Specifically, as shown in fig. 58, the body section 441 may have a "straight" shape, and the connecting section 442 may have a substantially "Z" shape. In this way, the height of the rear motor impact beam 440 is made lower, thereby better protecting the rear motor 730. In one embodiment, the lowest point of the rear motor impact beam 440 may be lower than the lowest point of the rear motor 730 to better prevent ground obstacles from encroaching on the rear motor 730 when reversing.
The battery pack 600 is disposed under the floor panel 300 in front of the rear motor 730, and the rear motor 730 may be mounted on the rear side member 120 through the rear sub-frame. The floor rear cross beam 230 is disposed below the floor panel 300, two ends of the floor rear cross beam 230 are respectively connected to the rear longitudinal beams 120 on the left and right sides, two battery tray mounting brackets 340 (visible in fig. 59 and 60) are disposed on the floor rear cross beam 230 at intervals in the left-right direction, the battery tray mounting brackets 340 extend downward from the floor rear cross beam 230, and the rear ends of the battery trays 610 are mounted on the two battery tray mounting brackets 340.
In order to prevent the rear motor 730 from moving forward and colliding against the battery pack 600 when a rear collision occurs in the vehicle, in one embodiment, a battery pack collision prevention structure is provided between the battery pack 600 and the rear motor 730, and the battery pack collision prevention structure is used to prevent the rear motor 730 from colliding against the battery pack 600 when the rear collision occurs in the vehicle, that is, when the rear collision occurs in the vehicle to cause the rear motor 730 to move forward (including forward movement caused by deformation of the rear side member 120 and forward movement caused by direct collision of the rear vehicle against the rear motor 730), the battery pack collision prevention structure may change the movement trajectory of the rear motor 730 to such an extent that the rear motor 730 does not collide against the battery pack 600.
The battery pack impact prevention structure may have various suitable structures. In one embodiment, the battery pack collision prevention structure may include a guide beam 450 or a guide plate disposed to be inclined in the front-rear direction, the guide beam 450 or the guide plate extending forward and downward, and when the rear motor 730 moves forward due to a rear collision of the vehicle, the rear motor 730 collides against the guide beam 450 or the guide plate, and the guide beam 450 or the guide plate guides the rear motor 730 to move downward while moving forward to avoid the battery pack 600. That is, when the rear motor 730 moves forward due to a rear collision of the vehicle, the battery pack collision prevention structure may change the movement track of the rear motor 730 to some extent, so that the rear motor 730 moves downward to avoid the battery pack 600 located in front of the rear motor 730, thereby preventing the battery pack 600 from being collided and squeezed.
The guide beam 450 or the guide plate may be mounted on the rear side member 120 in various ways. In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 59 to 61, the battery pack impact prevention structure may further include a front mounting cross member 460 and a rear mounting cross member 470 in addition to the guide beam 450, the front mounting cross member 460 being connected to the two battery tray mounting brackets 340, both ends of the rear mounting cross member 470 being connected to the rear longitudinal member 120, a front end of the guide beam 450 being connected to the front mounting cross member 460, and a rear end of the guide beam 450 being connected to the rear mounting cross member 470. In this way, the position of the front mounting cross member 460 is lower than the position of the rear mounting cross member 470, so that the guide beam 450 is disposed obliquely. When the rear motor 730 hits the guide beam 450, the guide beam 450 itself absorbs a portion of the energy and transfers a portion of the energy to the rear side member 120 via the rear mounting cross member 470 and another portion of the energy to the rear side member 120 via the front mounting cross member 460, the battery tray mounting bracket 340, and the floor rear cross member 230. In this embodiment, the battery pack impact prevention structure is formed in an i-shaped structure connected between the two rear side frames 120, thereby further reinforcing the vehicle body structure and improving the impact safety of the vehicle.
The guide beam 450 may be a straight beam. Alternatively, as shown in fig. 61, the guide beam 450 is a bent beam and includes a first section 451 and a second section 452, the first section 451 extending forwardly and downwardly from the rear mounting beam 470, the second section 452 extending generally horizontally forwardly from the first section 451 to connect to the front mounting beam 460. In this way, the distance between the guide beam 450 and the rear motor 730 is made closer, and the rear motor 730 can contact the guide beam 450 earlier, so that the movement direction of the rear motor 730 can be controlled.
Here, the rear mounting cross member 470 may be a member that is inherent to the vehicle body structure, or may be a member that is provided separately for mounting a guide member. In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 59, the rear mounting beam 470 may be, for example, the under-floor beam 280 mentioned above.
Unlike the above-described embodiment in which the rear motor 730 is guided by the guide beam or the guide plate, in an alternative embodiment, the battery pack collision prevention structure may include a stopper beam or a stopper plate connected to the rear side member 120 and disposed between the battery pack 600 and the rear motor 730 to block the forward movement of the rear motor 730 when the electric vehicle undergoes a rear collision. The stop beam may be generally "U" shaped.
On the basis of the technical scheme, the vehicle comprises the vehicle body structure provided by the disclosure, so that the vehicle has all the advantages and beneficial effects of the vehicle body structure provided by the disclosure, and unnecessary repetition is reduced, and the description is omitted. In particular, the vehicle may be an electric car, so that the body structure is adapted to the mounting of the battery pack.
The preferred embodiments of the present disclosure are described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, however, the present disclosure is not limited to the specific details of the above embodiments, and various simple modifications may be made to the technical solution of the present disclosure within the technical idea of the present disclosure, and these simple modifications all belong to the protection scope of the present disclosure.
It should be noted that, in the foregoing embodiments, various features described in the above embodiments may be combined in any suitable manner, and in order to avoid unnecessary repetition, various combinations that are possible in the present disclosure are not described again.
In addition, any combination of various embodiments of the present disclosure may be made, and the same should be considered as the disclosure of the present disclosure, as long as it does not depart from the spirit of the present disclosure.

Claims (11)

1. A vehicle body structure is characterized by comprising two front longitudinal beams (100) arranged at intervals along the left-right direction, two threshold inner plates (500) arranged at intervals along the left-right direction, two floor longitudinal beams (110) arranged at intervals along the left-right direction, two rear longitudinal beams (120) arranged at intervals along the left-right direction, a front cross beam (210), two reinforcing longitudinal beams (130) arranged at intervals along the left-right direction, at least one reinforcing cross beam (240, 250) and a floor panel (300),
the two threshold inner plates (500) are respectively arranged at the left side and the right side of the floor panel (300); each front side member (100) includes a front side member front section (100A) and a front side member rear section (100B), the front side member rear section (100B) being bent rearward and outward to be connected to the front cross member (210); the front ends of the two floor longitudinal beams (110) are connected to the front cross beam (210), and the rear end of each floor longitudinal beam (110) is connected to the corresponding rear longitudinal beam (120); the connecting position of the rear end of the front longitudinal beam (100) on the front cross beam (210) corresponds to the connecting position of the floor longitudinal beam (110) on the front cross beam (210); one side of the floor longitudinal beam (110) is connected to the lower surface of the floor panel (300), and the other side of the floor longitudinal beam is connected to the corresponding inner sill plate (500); one side of each reinforcing longitudinal beam (130) is connected to the upper surface of the floor panel (300), and the other side of each reinforcing longitudinal beam is connected to the corresponding inner sill plate (500) so as to reinforce the corresponding inner sill plate (500); the reinforcing cross member (240, 250) is connected to the two reinforcing longitudinal members (130).
2. The vehicle body structure of claim 1, wherein the reinforcing side member (130) substantially corresponds to the B-pillar (800) in a lateral direction of the vehicle.
3. The vehicle body structure according to claim 1, characterized in that the at least one reinforcing cross member (240, 250) comprises two reinforcing cross members (240, 250) parallel to each other, the two reinforcing cross members (240, 250) being disposed at a distance in the front-rear direction, the two reinforcing cross members (240, 250) and the two reinforcing longitudinal members (130) enclosing a closed-loop frame.
4. The vehicle body structure of claim 1, wherein the reinforcement beam (240, 250) is a front seat mount beam.
5. The vehicle body structure according to claim 1, characterized in that a rear end of the rocker inner panel (500) is connected to a corresponding rear side member (120).
6. The vehicle body structure according to claim 1, wherein the front-side-member front section (100A) and the front-side-member rear section (100B) are provided separately, the front-side-member rear section (100B) includes a front link (100B 1), a transition portion (100B 2), and a rear link (100B 3), the front link (100B 1) is connected to the front-side-member front section (100A) and extends rearward from the front-side-member front section (100A), the transition portion (100B 2) extends rearward and outward from the front link (100B 1), and the rear link (100B 3) extends rearward from the transition portion (100B 2) to be connected to the front cross member (210).
7. The vehicle body structure according to claim 1, characterized in that the vehicle body structure further comprises a floor rear cross member (230), the floor rear cross member (230) being connected to a lower surface of the floor panel (300), both ends of the floor rear cross member (230) being connected to the two rear side members (120) or the two floor side members (110), respectively.
8. The vehicle body structure of claim 7, wherein the front cross member (210) is a battery pack front mounting cross member, the floor side members (110) are battery pack mounting side members, and the floor rear cross member (230) is a battery pack rear mounting cross member.
9. The vehicle body structure according to claim 1, characterized in that the rocker inner panel (500) projects forward from the front cross member (210), and a distance in the front-rear direction between a front end of the rocker inner panel (500) and the front cross member (210) is less than 1000 mm.
10. The vehicle body structure according to claim 1, characterized in that both ends of the front cross member (210) are connected to the two rocker inner panels (500), respectively.
11. A vehicle characterized by comprising a vehicle body structure according to any one of claims 1-10.
CN201710525448.9A 2017-06-30 2017-06-30 Vehicle body structure and vehicle Active CN109204465B (en)

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US11088416B2 (en) 2019-10-02 2021-08-10 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Battery pack to vehicle attachment assembly and attachment method

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CN106080804A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-09 奇瑞新能源汽车技术有限公司 Floor frame structure after electric automobile

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