CN109203545B - Harmless treatment device for organic solid waste garbage - Google Patents

Harmless treatment device for organic solid waste garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109203545B
CN109203545B CN201810983657.2A CN201810983657A CN109203545B CN 109203545 B CN109203545 B CN 109203545B CN 201810983657 A CN201810983657 A CN 201810983657A CN 109203545 B CN109203545 B CN 109203545B
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China
Prior art keywords
cavity
crushing
motor
filter screen
plate
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CN201810983657.2A
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CN109203545A (en
Inventor
萨如拉
周志华
熊向陨
成军旗
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SHENZHEN ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING CENTER
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SHENZHEN ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING CENTER
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Publication of CN109203545A publication Critical patent/CN109203545A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/3021Press rams
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/142Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with two or more inter-engaging rotatable cutter assemblies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/3035Means for conditioning the material to be pressed, e.g. paper shredding means
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/281Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using inorganic sorbents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions

Abstract

The invention discloses a harmless treatment device for organic solid waste garbage, which comprises a shell, a crushing device, a dehydration device, a briquetting device, a purification device, a control device and a power supply, wherein the crushing device is arranged on the shell; the shell comprises a crushing cavity, a dehydration cavity, an extrusion cavity and a purification cavity, wherein the upper end of the shell is provided with a feed hopper, and the bottom of the shell is provided with a base; the crushing device comprises a crushing knife and a crushing motor; the dehydration device comprises a rotary drum and a rotary motor; the briquetting device comprises a cylinder, a connecting frame and an extrusion plate; the control device comprises a controller, a processor and a remote controller; the controller is connected with the crushing motor and the rotating motor, and the remote controller and the processor are connected with the controller; the power supply device provides power for the crushing motor and the rotating motor; the invention can carry out harmless treatment on the organic solid waste garbage, does not generate secondary pollution and is suitable for large-scale popularization.

Description

Harmless treatment device for organic solid waste garbage
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of solid waste treatment, in particular to a harmless treatment device for organic solid waste garbage.
Background
Organic waste refers to solid waste containing a large amount of organic compounds. Such as solid matters in waste materials discharged from many sugar mills, breweries, food mills, pharmaceutical factories, tanneries, paper mills, printing and dyeing mills, wood mills, etc., which mainly produce organic products, or deposits in waste liquids; solid waste articles, human and animal excreta and railing ring bedding discharged from agricultural production, agricultural product processing and urban and rural resident life in rural areas; animal and plant residues accumulated in nature, such as shaken leaves, remains of poultry and animals, sludge and the like. They relate to many industrial products of agricultural production, urban and rural domestic wastes, natural products and the like, and have extremely many varieties and very complex chemical components. The organic waste treatment refers to the physical, chemical and biological treatment of organic waste and pollutants thereof, so that the pollution to the environment is reduced and even the waste is changed into valuable. The basic processing method comprises the following steps: composting, incineration, landfills, plasma treatment, thermal desorption, in-situ vitrification, and other techniques.
Regarding the current organic waste treatment and disposal technology and utilization mode in China, the treatment of organic waste is a high-cost and low-income process, and the reality directly results in low treatment rate of organic waste, many treatment facilities cannot normally operate, and the environment pollution situation caused by organic waste is still severe. Under the large background of global energy shortage and resource shortage, the traditional organic waste treatment, disposal and utilization mode in China needs to be reviewed again. Organic waste is also a resource from another point of view, since it has a higher organic content and is more readily bioavailable than general solid waste. Therefore, innovative technologies are needed to recycle organic wastes, waste materials are changed into valuable materials, organic wastes are biologically converted into useful resources and products while pollution is treated, the concept of circular economy is met, and the method is an important development direction for solving the pollution problem of the organic wastes in China. Therefore, the development of new technologies for resource treatment and disposal of organic wastes has become an important issue that our country needs to solve urgently, and is one of the key research directions of environmental biotechnology in our country in the future.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the technical problems, the invention provides the harmless treatment device for the organic solid waste garbage, which can improve the resource utilization rate.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows: a harmless treatment device for organic solid waste garbage mainly comprises a shell, a crushing device, a dehydration device, a briquetting device, a purification device, a control device and a power supply; the shell comprises a crushing cavity, a dehydration cavity, an extrusion cavity and a purification cavity, wherein the upper end of the shell is provided with a feed hopper, and the bottom of the shell is provided with a base; the crushing device comprises a crushing knife and a crushing motor; the dehydration device comprises a rotary drum and a rotary motor; the briquetting device comprises a cylinder, a connecting frame and an extrusion plate; the control device comprises a controller, a processor and a remote controller; the crushing cavity is arranged at the upper end inside the shell, the electromagnetic adsorption plate and the disinfection spray nozzle are arranged at the upper end inside the crushing cavity, the disinfection liquid box is arranged outside the shell, and the disinfection spray nozzle is connected with the disinfection liquid box; the dehydration cavity is arranged in the shell and is positioned at the lower end of the crushing cavity, and a guide plate is arranged at the joint of the dehydration cavity and the crushing cavity; the extrusion cavity is arranged in the shell and is positioned on the right side of the dehydration cavity, the movable box door is arranged on the right side of the extrusion cavity, the bottoms of the dehydration cavity and the extrusion cavity are respectively provided with a fixed plate, the fixed plate is provided with a water permeable hole and a sliding chute, the sliding chute is used for connecting the dehydration cavity and the extrusion cavity, and the joint of the dehydration cavity and the extrusion cavity is provided with an electric expansion plate; the purification cavity is arranged in the shell and is positioned at the lower end of the dehydration cavity, the bottom of the purification cavity is provided with a slag discharge port, and the lower end of the right side of the purification cavity is provided with a water outlet; the crushing cutter comprises an outer crushing cutter and an inner crushing cutter, the outer crushing cutter is connected to the periphery of the rotating shaft through a connecting rod I, a guide groove is formed in the outer crushing cutter, the inner crushing cutter is connected to the periphery of the shaft sleeve through a connecting rod II, the rotating shaft is sleeved in the shaft sleeve, the outer crushing cutter and the inner crushing cutter are staggered along the direction of the rotating shaft, the crushing motor comprises a motor I and a motor II, the motor I provides power for the outer crushing cutter, the motor II provides power for the inner crushing cutter, and the rotating directions of the motor I and the motor II are opposite; the rotary drum is movably arranged in the dewatering cavity and located at the lower end of the guide plate, a plurality of through holes are uniformly formed in the rotary drum, a position sensing device is arranged at the upper edge of the rotary drum, the rotary motor is movably arranged on the fixed plate and provides power for the rotary drum, a lead screw connecting block is arranged at the bottom of the rotary motor, a lead screw motor is arranged on the base, a lead screw is connected between the lead screw motor and the lead screw connecting block and provides power for the lead screw, and the rotary drum can be pulled to slide on the sliding chute through the lead screw; the cylinder is arranged at the upper end in the extrusion cavity, the connecting frame is arranged at the lower end of the cylinder, the extrusion plate is movably arranged at the lower end of the connecting frame, and the infrared sensing device is arranged on the extrusion plate; the controller is commercially available, the controller is connected with the electromagnetic adsorption plate, the electric expansion plate, the crushing motor and the rotating motor, the processor is connected with the position sensing device and the infrared sensing device, and the remote controller and the processor are connected with the controller; the power supply device provides power for the electromagnetic adsorption plate, the electric expansion plate, the crushing motor and the rotating motor.
Further, purifier includes the filter screen, the agitator, the active carbon adsorption layer, the cotton filter layer of PP, it is provided with flocculating agent sprinkler to purify intracavity portion, it is provided with the opening to purify the chamber left side, the filter screen runs through the opening, the filter screen activity sets up and purifies intracavity portion, the filter screen left end is provided with the handle, can stimulate the filter screen through the handle and remove in the opening, the agitator sets up and purifies intracavity portion, be located the filter screen lower extreme, the active carbon adsorption layer sets up and purifies intracavity portion, be located the agitator right-hand member, the cotton filter layer of PP sets up and purifies intracavity portion, be located the active carbon adsorption layer right-hand member, the outlet is located the cotton filter layer right-hand member of PP, carry out purification treatment to the moisture in the solid useless rubbish through purifier, through filtration many times, make ultimate water do not have.
Further, the filter screen includes one-level filter screen and second grade filter screen, and the one-level filter screen is located second grade filter screen upper end, and the filtration pore of one-level filter screen is greater than the filtration pore of second grade filter screen, at first carries out prefilter, is carrying out secondary filter for particle pollutant content in the waste water reduces, effectively improves sewage purification's effect.
Further, articulated on the feeder hopper have the closing plate, and the closing plate includes left closing plate and right closing plate, all is provided with the telescopic link between left closing plate and right closing plate and the feeder hopper, and when the feeding finishes, the telescopic link promotes the closing plate, prevents to smash outside the solid useless residue throw-out device of intracavity portion, causes the pollution to handling the place.
Furthermore, all be provided with the solenoid valve on row cinder notch, the outlet, through controller control solenoid valve, discharge the sedimentary pollution particle of purifying intracavity portion, discharge the water after the purification simultaneously, simple and convenient has effectively improved work efficiency.
Further, the stripper plate is provided with vibrations subassembly and elasticity subassembly with the link junction, through vibrations subassembly and elasticity subassembly combined action for solid waste residue is by the extruded compacter, is favorable to the transport and the processing in later stage, has saved the space simultaneously.
Furthermore, the disinfectant is filled in the disinfectant tank, the disinfectant is composed of extracts of all grass of Mosla chinensis, Caryopteris incana, gallnut, castor bean leaf, cinnamon, humifuse euphorbia herb, radix stemonae, raw lacquer, fructus sophorae and almond kernel, and the preparation method of the disinfectant is as follows: taking 4 parts of all-grass of Chinese mosla, 7 parts of common bluebeard herb, 3 parts of Chinese gall, 15 parts of castor leaf, 16 parts of cinnamon, 10 parts of humifuse euphorbia herb, 15 parts of radix stemonae, 3 parts of raw lacquer, 11 parts of sophora fruit and 8 parts of almond kernel, crushing, mixing, adding purified water with the weight being 10-20 times of that of the mixture, heating and extracting by using a multifunctional extraction tank at the extraction temperature of 95-100 ℃ for 0.5-2 hours, cooling to room temperature after extraction is finished, filtering by using a 80-100-mesh sieve, adding purified water into the obtained filtrate to adjust the mass fraction of the solution to 3-5%, thus obtaining the disinfectant, being capable of effectively killing pathogenic bacteria attached to the surface of solid waste garbage, not generating secondary pollution and not generating pollution to devices.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: when the device is used, the power supply device is switched on, the remote controller is operated and connected with the controller, the controller controls the electric telescopic rod to be started, the sealing plate is opened, organic solid waste garbage is thrown from the feed hopper, and the controller controls the sealing plate to be closed; the crushing motor is started, the outer side crushing cutter and the inner side crushing cutter rotate in opposite directions, and organic solid waste garbage is fully crushed; the crushed organic solid waste garbage enters the rotary drum through the guide plate, when the position sensing device senses that the rotary drum is full of the organic solid waste garbage, a signal is sent to the processor, the processor processes the signal and then sends an instruction to the controller, the controller controls the crushing device to be closed, meanwhile, the rotary motor is started to dehydrate the organic solid waste garbage, and polluted water enters the purification cavity through the water permeable holes in the fixed plate; after the dehydration treatment is finished, the rotating motor is turned off, the electric expansion plate is turned on, the lead screw motor drives the lead screw to rotate, the rotating cylinder is pulled to enter the extrusion cavity, the infrared sensing device senses that the rotating cylinder reaches the position under the extrusion plate, a signal is sent to the processor, the processor processes the signal and sends an instruction to the controller, the controller controls the cylinder to be turned on, the organic solid waste garbage is compacted, and the compacted garbage blocks are moved out through a movable box door on the extrusion cavity; the waste water that gets into the purification chamber filters through the filter screen earlier, and flocculating agent sprinkler sprays the flocculating agent to the purification chamber, and the agitator starts to make flocculating agent and waste water intensive mixing simultaneously, and the waste water after the flocculating agent is handled through active carbon adsorption layer, the cotton filter layer of PP in proper order, discharges from the outlet, and the pollution residue after the flocculation is discharged through row's cinder notch.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: when the device works, a worker can remotely control the device, so that the problem that the smell of the organic solid waste garbage causes discomfort of the worker is avoided, and meanwhile, the harm of pathogenic bacteria in the organic solid waste garbage to a human body is avoided; the crushing cutter comprises an outer side crushing cutter and an inner side crushing cutter, the outer side crushing cutter and the inner side crushing cutter rotate reversely to fully crush organic solid waste, and the outer side crushing cutter is provided with the guide groove, so that strip-shaped solid waste can be prevented from being wound on the crushing cutter, the crushing effect is improved, and the working efficiency is improved; the purification device can purify the waste water in the organic solid waste garbage, on one hand, the purification device plays a role in recycling water resources, and on the other hand, the purification device avoids the random discharge of polluted water and causes secondary pollution to underground water resources and soil; the briquetting device provided by the invention can be used for briquetting the dehydrated organic solid waste garbage particles, so that the storage space is saved, and meanwhile, the carrying by workers is facilitated.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a left side view of the crushing blade of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the outer crushing blade of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the pressing plate and the connection frame of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the purification apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a control block diagram of the present invention;
wherein, 1-shell, 11-crushing cavity, 110-electromagnetic adsorption plate, 111-disinfection spray head, 112-disinfectant box, 12-dehydration cavity, 13-extrusion cavity, 14-purification cavity, 15-feed hopper, 16-fixing plate, 161-chute, 17-electric expansion plate, 18-sealing plate, 180-left sealing plate, 181-right sealing plate, 182-expansion rod, 2-crushing device, 21-crushing knife, 210-outer crushing knife, 2101-guide groove, 211-inner crushing knife, 212-rotating shaft, 213-shaft sleeve, 22-crushing motor, 220 motor I, 221-motor II, 3-dehydration device, 31-rotating cylinder, 32-rotating motor, 33-position induction device, 4-briquetting device, 41-air cylinder, 42-connecting frame, 43-extrusion plate, 44-infrared induction device, 45-vibration component, 46-elastic component, 5-purification device, 51-filter screen, 510-handle, 511-primary filter screen, 512-secondary filter screen, 52-stirrer, 53-active carbon adsorption layer, 54-PP cotton filter layer, 6-control device, 61-controller, 62-processor, 63-remote controller, 7-power supply, 81-lead screw connecting block, 82-lead screw motor and 83-lead screw.
Detailed Description
Example (b): as shown in fig. 1, the harmless treatment device for organic solid waste garbage mainly comprises a shell 1, a crushing device 2, a dehydration device 3, a briquetting device 4, a purification device 5, a control device 6 and a power supply 7; the shell 1 comprises a crushing cavity 11, a dehydration cavity 12, an extrusion cavity 13 and a purification cavity 14, the upper end of the shell 1 is provided with a feed hopper 15, a sealing plate 18 is hinged on the feed hopper 15, the sealing plate 18 comprises a left sealing plate 180 and a right sealing plate 181, and telescopic rods 182 are respectively arranged between the left sealing plate 180 and the feed hopper 15 and between the right sealing plate 181 and the feed hopper 15; the bottom of the shell 1 is provided with a base; crushing chamber 11 sets up in the inside upper end of casing 1, and the inside upper end in crushing chamber 11 is provided with electromagnetic adsorption board 110 and disinfection shower nozzle 111, and casing 1 outside is provided with disinfectant tank 112, and disinfectant tank 112 is inside to be equipped with the antiseptic solution, and the antiseptic solution comprises the extract of all grass of mosla chinensis, common bluebeard herb, gallnut, castor bean leaf, cinnamon, humifuse euphorbia herb, stemona root, raw lacquer, sophora fruit, almond, and the preparation method of antiseptic solution is: taking 4 parts of all-grass of Chinese mosla, 7 parts of common bluebeard herb, 3 parts of Chinese gall, 15 parts of castor leaf, 16 parts of cinnamon, 10 parts of humifuse euphorbia herb, 15 parts of radix stemonae, 3 parts of raw lacquer, 11 parts of sophora fruit and 8 parts of almond, crushing, mixing, adding purified water 15 times of the weight of the mixture, heating and extracting by using a multifunctional extraction tank at the extraction temperature of 100 ℃ for 2 hours, cooling to room temperature after extraction, filtering by using a 100-mesh sieve, adding purified water into the obtained filtrate to adjust the mass fraction of the solution to be 5%, and obtaining the disinfectant; the disinfection spray head 111 is connected with a disinfection liquid box 112; the dehydration cavity 12 is arranged in the shell 1 and is positioned at the lower end of the crushing cavity 11, and a guide plate is arranged at the joint of the dehydration cavity 12 and the crushing cavity 11; the extrusion cavity 13 is arranged in the shell 1 and is positioned on the right side of the dehydration cavity 12, the right side of the extrusion cavity 13 is provided with a movable box door, the bottoms of the dehydration cavity 12 and the extrusion cavity 13 are both provided with a fixed plate 16, the fixed plate 16 is provided with a water permeable hole and a sliding chute 161, the sliding chute 161 is used for connecting the dehydration cavity 12 and the extrusion cavity 13, and the joint of the dehydration cavity 12 and the extrusion cavity 13 is provided with an electric expansion plate 17; the purification cavity 14 is arranged in the shell 1 and is positioned at the lower end of the dehydration cavity 12, the bottom of the purification cavity 14 is provided with a slag discharge port, and the lower end of the right side of the purification cavity 14 is provided with a water discharge port;
as shown in fig. 2 and 3, the crushing device 2 includes a crushing blade 21 and a crushing motor 22; the crushing cutter 21 comprises an outer crushing cutter 210 and an inner crushing cutter 211, the outer crushing cutter 210 is connected to the periphery of a rotating shaft 212 through a connecting rod I, a guide groove 2101 is formed in the outer crushing cutter 210, the inner crushing cutter 211 is connected to the periphery of a shaft sleeve 213 through a connecting rod II, the rotating shaft 212 is sleeved in the shaft sleeve 213, the outer crushing cutter 210 and the inner crushing cutter 211 are staggered with each other along the direction of the rotating shaft 212, the crushing motor 22 comprises a motor I220 and a motor II 221, the motor I220 provides power for the outer crushing cutter 210, the motor II 221 provides power for the inner crushing cutter 211, and the rotating directions of the motor I220 and the motor II 221 are opposite;
as shown in fig. 1, the dehydration apparatus 3 includes a rotary drum 31 and a rotary motor 32; the rotary drum 31 is movably arranged in the dehydration cavity 12 and is positioned at the lower end of the guide plate, a plurality of through holes are uniformly formed in the rotary drum 31, a position sensing device 33 is arranged at the upper edge of the rotary drum 31, the rotary motor 32 is movably arranged on the fixed plate 16, the rotary motor 32 provides power for the rotary drum 31, a lead screw connecting block 81 is arranged at the bottom of the rotary motor 32, a lead screw motor 82 is arranged on the base, a lead screw 83 is connected between the lead screw motor 82 and the lead screw connecting block 81, the lead screw motor 82 provides power for the lead screw 83, and the rotary drum 31 can be pulled to slide on the sliding chute 161 through the lead screw;
as shown in fig. 4, the briquetting apparatus 4 includes a cylinder 41, a connecting frame 42, a pressing plate 43; the air cylinder 41 is arranged at the upper end in the extrusion cavity 13, the connecting frame 42 is arranged at the lower end of the air cylinder 41, the extrusion plate 43 is movably arranged at the lower end of the connecting frame 42, and the infrared sensing device 44 is arranged on the extrusion plate 43; the connection part of the extrusion plate 43 and the connecting frame 42 is provided with a vibration component 45 and an elastic component 46;
as shown in fig. 5, the purification device 5 includes a filter screen 51, an agitator 52, an activated carbon adsorption layer 53, a PP cotton filter layer 54, a flocculant spraying device is disposed inside the purification chamber 14, an opening is disposed on the left side of the purification chamber 14, the filter screen 51 penetrates through the opening, the filter screen 51 is movably disposed inside the purification chamber 14, a handle 510 is disposed at the left end of the filter screen 51, the filter screen 51 can be pulled to move in the opening by the handle 510, the filter screen 51 includes a primary filter screen 511 and a secondary filter screen 512, the primary filter screen 511 is located at the upper end of the secondary filter screen 512, the filtering holes of the primary filter screen are larger than the filtering holes of the secondary filter screen, the agitator 52 is disposed inside the purification chamber 14 and is located at the lower end of the filter screen 51, the activated carbon adsorption layer 53 is disposed inside the purification chamber 14 and is located at the right end of the agitator 52, the water outlet is positioned at the right end of the PP cotton filter layer 54, and electromagnetic valves are arranged on the slag outlet and the water outlet;
as shown in fig. 1, the controller 61 is commercially available, and the control device 6 includes a controller 61, a processor 62, and a remote controller 63; the controller 61 is connected with the electromagnetic adsorption plate 110, the electric expansion plate 17, the crushing motor 22 and the rotating motor 32, the processor 62 is connected with the position sensing device 33 and the infrared sensing device 44, and the remote controller 63 and the processor 62 are connected with the controller 61; the power supply unit 7 supplies power to the electromagnetic adsorption plate 110, the electric expansion plate 17, the grinding motor 22, and the rotating motor 32.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: when the device is used, the power supply device 7 is switched on, the remote controller 63 is operated to connect the remote controller 61, the controller 61 controls the electric telescopic rod 17 to start, the sealing plate 18 is opened, organic solid waste garbage is thrown from the feed hopper 15, and the controller 61 controls the sealing plate 18 to be closed; the crushing motor 22 is started, the outer crushing knife 210 and the inner crushing knife 211 rotate in opposite directions, and the organic solid waste garbage is fully crushed; the crushed organic solid waste garbage enters the rotary drum 31 through the guide plate, when the position sensing device 33 senses that the rotary drum 31 is full of the organic solid waste garbage, a signal is sent to the processor 62, the processor 62 processes the signal and then sends an instruction to the controller 61, the controller 61 controls the crushing device 2 to be closed, the rotary motor 32 is started simultaneously to dehydrate the organic solid waste garbage, and polluted water enters the purification cavity through the water permeable holes in the fixed plate 16; after the dehydration treatment is finished, the rotating motor 32 is closed, the electric expansion plate 17 is opened, the screw rod motor 83 drives the screw rod 83 to rotate, the rotating cylinder 31 is pulled to enter the extrusion cavity 13, the infrared sensing device 44 senses that the rotating cylinder 31 reaches the position right below the extrusion plate 43, signals are sent to the processor 62, the processor 62 processes the signals and sends instructions to the controller 61, the controller 61 controls the cylinder 41 to be started to compact the organic solid waste garbage, and the compacted garbage blocks are moved out of a movable box door on the extrusion cavity 13; the waste water that gets into purifying chamber 14 filters through filter screen 51 earlier, and flocculating agent sprinkler sprays the flocculating agent to purifying chamber 14, and agitator 52 starts to make flocculating agent and waste water intensive mixing simultaneously, and the waste water after the flocculating agent is handled through active carbon adsorption layer 53, the cotton filter layer 54 of PP in proper order, discharges from the outlet, and the pollution residue after the flocculation is discharged through row cinder notch.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above examples are only intended to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, but not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; and such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present embodiments.

Claims (3)

1. A harmless treatment device for organic solid waste garbage is characterized by mainly comprising a shell (1), a crushing device (2), a dehydration device (3), a briquetting device (4), a purification device (5), a control device (6) and a power supply (7); the device is characterized in that the shell (1) comprises a crushing cavity (11), a dehydration cavity (12), an extrusion cavity (13) and a purification cavity (14), a feed hopper (15) is arranged at the upper end of the shell (1), and a base is arranged at the bottom of the shell (1); the crushing device (2) comprises a crushing knife (21) and a crushing motor (22); the dehydration device (3) comprises a rotary drum (31) and a rotary motor (32); the briquetting device (4) comprises a cylinder (41), a connecting frame (42) and an extrusion plate (43); the control device (6) comprises a controller (61), a processor (62) and a remote controller (63); the crushing cavity (11) is arranged at the upper end inside the shell (1), the electromagnetic adsorption plate (110) and the disinfection spray head (111) are arranged at the upper end inside the crushing cavity (11), the disinfection liquid box (112) is arranged outside the shell (1), and the disinfection spray head (111) is connected with the disinfection liquid box (112); the dehydration cavity (12) is arranged in the shell (1) and is positioned at the lower end of the crushing cavity (11), and a guide plate is arranged at the joint of the dehydration cavity (12) and the crushing cavity (11); the squeezing cavity (13) is arranged inside the shell (1) and is positioned on the right side of the dewatering cavity (12), a movable box door is arranged on the right side of the squeezing cavity (13), fixing plates (16) are arranged at the bottoms of the dewatering cavity (12) and the squeezing cavity (13), a water permeable hole and a sliding groove (161) are arranged on the fixing plates (16), the sliding groove (161) is used for connecting the dewatering cavity (12) and the squeezing cavity (13), and an electric expansion plate (17) is arranged at the joint of the dewatering cavity (12) and the squeezing cavity (13); the purification cavity (14) is arranged in the shell (1) and is positioned at the lower end of the dehydration cavity (12), a slag discharge port is arranged at the bottom of the purification cavity (14), and a water discharge port is arranged at the lower end of the right side of the purification cavity (14); the crushing cutter (21) comprises an outer crushing cutter (210) and an inner crushing cutter (211), the outer crushing cutter (210) is connected to the periphery of a rotating shaft (212) through a connecting rod I, a guide groove (2101) is formed in the outer crushing cutter (210), the inner crushing cutter (211) is connected to the periphery of a shaft sleeve (213) through a connecting rod II, the rotating shaft (212) is sleeved inside the shaft sleeve (213), the outer crushing cutter (210) and the inner crushing cutter (211) are staggered with each other along the direction of the rotating shaft (212), the crushing motor (22) comprises a motor I (220) and a motor II (221), the motor I (220) provides power for the outer crushing cutter (210), the motor II (221) provides power for the inner crushing cutter (211), and the rotating directions of the motor I (220) and the motor II (221) are opposite; the rotary drum (31) is movably arranged in the dehydration cavity (12) and is positioned at the lower end of the guide plate, a plurality of through holes are uniformly formed in the rotary drum (31), a position sensing device (33) is arranged at the upper edge of the rotary drum (31), the rotary motor (32) is movably arranged on the fixing plate (16), the rotary motor (32) provides power for the rotary drum (31), a lead screw connecting block (81) is arranged at the bottom of the rotary motor (32), a lead screw motor (82) is arranged on the base, a lead screw (83) is connected between the lead screw motor (82) and the lead screw connecting block (81), the lead screw motor (82) provides power for the lead screw (83), and the rotary drum (31) can be pulled to slide on the sliding chute (161) through the lead screw (83); the air cylinder (41) is arranged at the upper end in the extrusion cavity (13), the connecting frame (42) is arranged at the lower end of the air cylinder (41), the extrusion plate (43) is movably arranged at the lower end of the connecting frame (42), and the extrusion plate (43) is provided with an infrared sensing device (44); the controller (61) is connected with the electromagnetic adsorption plate (110), the electric expansion plate (17), the crushing motor (22) and the rotating motor (32), the processor (62) is connected with the position sensing device (33) and the infrared sensing device (44), and the remote controller (63) and the processor (62) are connected with the controller (61); the power supply (7) supplies power to the electromagnetic adsorption plate (110), the electric expansion plate (17), the crushing motor (22) and the rotating motor (32);
the purification device (5) comprises a filter screen (51), a stirrer (52), an active carbon adsorption layer (53) and a PP cotton filter layer (54), a flocculating agent spraying device is arranged in the purification cavity (14), an opening is arranged at the left side of the purification cavity (14), the filter screen (51) penetrates through the opening, the filter screen (51) is movably arranged in the purification cavity (14), the left end of the filter screen (51) is provided with a handle (510), the filter screen (51) can be pulled to move in the opening by the pull handle (510), the stirrer (52) is arranged in the purification cavity (14) and is positioned at the lower end of the filter screen (51), the active carbon adsorption layer (53) is arranged inside the purification cavity (14) and is positioned at the right end of the stirrer (52), the PP cotton filter layer (54) is arranged in the purification cavity (14) and is positioned at the right end of the activated carbon adsorption layer (53), and the water outlet is positioned at the right end of the PP cotton filter layer (54);
the filter screen (51) comprises a primary filter screen (511) and a secondary filter screen (512), the primary filter screen (511) is positioned at the upper end of the secondary filter screen (512), and the filtering holes of the primary filter screen are larger than those of the secondary filter screen;
the feed hopper (15) is hinged with a sealing plate (18), the sealing plate (18) comprises a left sealing plate (180) and a right sealing plate (181), and telescopic rods (182) are arranged between the left sealing plate (180) and the feed hopper (15) and between the right sealing plate (181) and the feed hopper (15).
2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the slag discharge port and the water discharge port are respectively provided with an electromagnetic valve.
3. The apparatus for harmless treatment of organic solid waste garbage according to claim 1, wherein the vibration means (45) and the elastic means (46) are provided at the connection of the pressing plate (43) and the connection frame (42).
CN201810983657.2A 2018-08-27 2018-08-27 Harmless treatment device for organic solid waste garbage Active CN109203545B (en)

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CN110713330A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-01-21 深圳市市政设计研究院有限公司 Municipal administration mud regeneration resourceful treatment device
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