CN109202361A - A kind of positioning device for auto parts welding - Google Patents

A kind of positioning device for auto parts welding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109202361A
CN109202361A CN201811375957.9A CN201811375957A CN109202361A CN 109202361 A CN109202361 A CN 109202361A CN 201811375957 A CN201811375957 A CN 201811375957A CN 109202361 A CN109202361 A CN 109202361A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
substrate
positioning
support abutment
auto parts
sliding plate
Prior art date
Application number
CN201811375957.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109202361B (en
Inventor
王兰
王学敏
张丽芳
石万英
张宾
汪军
Original Assignee
安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 filed Critical 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司
Priority to CN201811375957.9A priority Critical patent/CN109202361B/en
Publication of CN109202361A publication Critical patent/CN109202361A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109202361B publication Critical patent/CN109202361B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/047Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work moving work to adjust its position between soldering, welding or cutting steps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/0426Fixtures for other work

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of positioning devices for auto parts welding, comprising: substrate;Tool locating mechanism is set on the substrate, is provided with positioning pin in the tool locating mechanism;Rotary positioning mechanism is connect with the substrate, drives the substrate rotating to multiple working conditions, and the tilt angle of the substrate under each working condition is different;Mechanism is gripped, when the substrate rotating to set working condition, the mechanism that grips grips the substrate.Compared with prior art, the present invention is used cooperatively by tool locating mechanism and rotary positioning mechanism, tool locating mechanism, which ensures components overlapped, to be stablized, guarantees precision, rotary positioning mechanism adjusts workpiece soldering angle, ensure that solder joint accessibility is good, it is easy to operate, and improve the positioning accuracy of fixture.

Description

A kind of positioning device for auto parts welding
Technical field
The present invention relates to welding tooling technical field, especially a kind of positioning device for auto parts welding.
Background technique
It is very high to the design requirement of fixture for complicated components, the accessibility of solder joint is not required nothing more than, is also wanted Ensure the stabilization of bridging arrangement quality, and this is often contradictory, in order to ensure stabilization, the precision of position components are controllable, folder Tool design it is often extremely complex, cause solder joint accessibility poor, it is on the contrary then.
Summary of the invention
It is in the prior art to solve the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of positioning device for auto parts welding Technical problem, it not only can ensure that the stabilization of components bridging arrangement, has guaranteed precision, but also can ensure that solder joint accessibility is good, operation side Just, and the positioning accuracy of fixture can be improved.
The present invention provides a kind of positioning devices for auto parts welding, comprising:
Substrate;
Tool locating mechanism is set on the substrate, is provided with positioning pin in the tool locating mechanism;
Rotary positioning mechanism is connect with the substrate, drives the substrate rotating to multiple working conditions, each work The tilt angle for making the substrate under state is different;
Mechanism is gripped, when the substrate rotating to set working condition, the mechanism that grips is gripped The substrate.
The positioning device as described above for being used for auto parts welding, wherein preferably, the rotary positioning mechanism Including the left support abutment and right support abutment being oppositely arranged, the substrate both ends are clamped by the left support abutment and the right support abutment solid respectively It is fixed, the driving motor for driving the substrate rotating is provided on the left support abutment or right support abutment.
The positioning device as described above for being used for auto parts welding, wherein preferably, the rotary positioning mechanism Drive the substrate rotating to the first working condition and the second working condition, the substrate extending direction under first working condition Perpendicular to the substrate extending direction under second working condition.
The positioning device as described above for being used for auto parts welding, wherein preferably, described to grip mechanism Including several clamp assemblies, the top and bottom end of the left support abutment and the right support abutment are provided with the clamp assemblies, with folder Hold the substrate under first working condition, the left and right side of the left support abutment and the right support abutment is provided with described Clamp assemblies, to clamp the substrate under second working condition.
The positioning device as described above for being used for auto parts welding, wherein preferably, the clamp assemblies include Pedestal, the first driving cylinder, link assembly, pivoted arm, grip block, pad bearing and cushion block, the cylinder of the first driving cylinder Body is fixed on the pedestal, and the pivoted arm is articulated on the pedestal, and the both ends of the link assembly are separately connected described The piston-rod end of one driving cylinder and the free end of the pivoted arm, the grip block are fixed on the free end of the pivoted arm, The pad bearing is fixed on one end far from the pivoted arm of the pedestal, and the cushion block is fixed on the pad bearing, The cushion block and the grip block are oppositely arranged to clamp the opposite end of the substrate.
The positioning device as described above for being used for auto parts welding, wherein preferably, the tool locating mechanism Including symmetrical two positioning components, the positioning component includes the second driving cylinder, sliding plate and sliding rail, the positioning pin It is fixed on the sliding plate, there are two the sliding rail is set, two sliding rails are symmetrically disposed on the substrate, the sliding Plate is slideably positioned on the sliding rail, and the cylinder body of the second driving cylinder is fixed on the substrate, the second driving gas The piston-rod end of cylinder is connect with the sliding plate, to drive the sliding plate to move back and forth.
The positioning device as described above for being used for auto parts welding, wherein preferably, the substrate is in the cunning The both ends for moving the sliding path of plate are provided with barrier plate, and the both ends of the sliding plate correspond to the barrier plate and are provided with blocking Block.
The as described above positioning device for being used for auto parts welding, wherein preferably, the sliding plate it is separate One end of the second driving cylinder is provided with third driving cylinder, and the piston-rod end of the third driving cylinder is connected with folder Pincers, to lock the sliding plate.
Compared with prior art, the present invention being used cooperatively by tool locating mechanism and rotary positioning mechanism, tooling is fixed Position mechanism, which ensures components overlapped, to be stablized, guarantees precision, and rotary positioning mechanism adjusts workpiece soldering angle, it is ensured that solder joint can It is good up to property, it is easy to operate, and improve the positioning accuracy of fixture.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the integrally-built front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the axonometric drawing for gripping mechanism;
Fig. 3 is the axonometric drawing of tool locating mechanism.
Description of symbols: 1- substrate, 2- positioning pin, 3- left support abutment, 4- right support abutment, 5- driving motor, 6- clamp assemblies, 7- pedestal, the driving cylinder of 8- first, 9- link assembly, 10- pivoted arm, 11- grip block, 12- pad bearing, 13- cushion block, 14- are fixed Hyte part, the driving cylinder of 15- second, 16- sliding plate, 17- sliding rail, 18- barrier plate, 19- stopper, 20- third drive cylinder, 21- clamp.
Specific embodiment
The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are exemplary, for explaining only the invention, and cannot be construed to Limitation of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the embodiment provides a kind of positioning device for auto parts welding, Include:
Substrate 1 provides a loading end, with the fixed components to be welded of carrying.
Tool locating mechanism is set on the substrate 1, is provided with positioning pin 2 in the tool locating mechanism, using calmly Position pin 2 carries out positioning and improves the stabilization of components bridging arrangement, guarantees precision.
Rotary positioning mechanism is connect with the substrate 1, and the substrate 1 is driven to turn to multiple working conditions, each described The tilt angle of the substrate 1 under working condition is different, so as to adjust workpiece soldering angle, it is ensured that solder joint accessibility
Mechanism is gripped, when the substrate 1 turns to set working condition, the mechanism that grips is gripped The substrate 1 is avoided in components welding process, substrate 1 shakes with ensuring that substrate 1 is in a reliable and stable state Dynamic or offset, influences welding precision.
Further, the rotary positioning mechanism includes the left support abutment 3 and right support abutment 4 being oppositely arranged, left support abutment 3 and right branch The planform of seat 4 is all the same, and 1 both ends of substrate are gripped by the left support abutment 3 and the right support abutment 4 respectively, described The driving motor 5 for driving the substrate 1 to rotate is provided on left support abutment 3 or right support abutment 4, the output shaft of driving motor 5 is logical It crosses bearing to be fixedly connected with substrate 1, driving motor 5 is servo motor, with 1 fine rotational of drive substrate to set working condition.
In the present embodiment, substrate 1 is set as two working conditions, and 1 extending direction of substrate of two working conditions is mutually perpendicular to, The rotary positioning mechanism drives the substrate 1 to turn to the first working condition and the second working condition, the first work shape Substrate 1 under state extends perpendicularly to 1 extending direction of substrate under second working condition, in the first operative state, Substrate 1 is arranged perpendicular to ground, and in a second operative state, substrate 1 is parallel to ground setting, and those skilled in the art holds very much Easily just it is contemplated that, the working condition of more perspective can be added according to actual welding demand.
Further, the mechanism that grips includes several clamp assemblies 6, the left support abutment 3 and the right support abutment 4 Top and bottom end are provided with the clamp assemblies 6, to clamp the substrate 1 under first working condition, the left branch The left and right side of seat 3 and the right support abutment 4 is provided with the clamp assemblies 6, to clamp under second working condition Substrate 1.When substrate 1 turns to the first working condition by the driving of driving motor 5, substrate 1 is perpendicular to bottom surface, the left support abutment 3 With the clamp assemblies 6 of the top of the right support abutment 4 and bottom end by 1 fixed clamp of substrate, when needing to be converted to the second working condition When, clamp assemblies 6 discharge substrate 1, and 5 drive substrate 1 of driving motor turns to level, at this time left support abutment 3 and the right support abutment 4 The clamp assemblies 6 of left and right side substrate 1 is gripped.
Further, referring to Fig. 2, the clamp assemblies 6 include that pedestal 7, first drives cylinder 8, link assembly 9, pivoted arm 10, grip block 11, pad bearing 12 and cushion block 13, the pedestal 7 are fixed on the left support abutment 3 or right support abutment 4, and described The cylinder body of one driving cylinder 8 is fixed on the pedestal 7, and the pivoted arm 10 is articulated on the pedestal 7, the link assembly 9 Both ends be separately connected it is described first driving cylinder 8 piston-rod end and the pivoted arm 10 free end, the grip block 11 It is fixed on the free end of the pivoted arm 10, the pad bearing 12 is fixed on one far from the pivoted arm 10 of the pedestal 7 End, the cushion block 13 are fixed on the pad bearing 12, and the cushion block 13 and the grip block 11 are oppositely arranged to clamp State the opposite end of substrate 1.
First driving cylinder 8 works, and drives piston rod extension, by the transmitting of link assembly 9, drives pivoted arm 10 around pivot Contact rotation, so that grip block 11 moves closer to cushion block 13, substrate 1 is gripped, and when needing release substrate 1, second is driven Cylinder 15 of taking offence drives piston rod retraction, by the transmitting of link assembly 9, drives pivoted arm 10 to rotate around pivoting point opposite direction, makes It obtains grip block 11 and is gradually distance from cushion block 13, substrate 1 is discharged.
Further, referring to Fig. 3, the tool locating mechanism includes symmetrical two positioning components 14, the positioning group Part 14 includes that the second driving cylinder 15, sliding plate 16 and sliding rail 17, the positioning pin 2 are fixed on the sliding plate 16, institute It states there are two sliding rail 17 sets, two sliding rails 17 are symmetrically disposed on the substrate 1, and the sliding plate 16 is slideably positioned in institute It states on sliding rail 17, the cylinder body of the second driving cylinder 15 is fixed on the substrate 1, the piston of the second driving cylinder 15 Bar end is connect with the sliding plate 16, to drive the sliding plate 16 to move back and forth.
Second driving cylinder 15 works, and drives piston rod extension, so that sliding plate 16 be driven to be moved to commitment positions, positions Pin 2 realizes precise positioning, and for convenience of upper and lower pieces, the second driving cylinder 15 drives piston rod retraction, 16 return of sliding plate.
Further, the substrate 1 is provided with barrier plate 18 in the both ends of the sliding path of the sliding plate 16, described The both ends of sliding plate 16 correspond to the barrier plate 18 and are provided with stopper 19, after sliding plate 16 reaches commitment positions, stopper 19 press on barrier plate 18, to be limited, improve position stability and precision.
Further, one end far from the second driving cylinder 15 of the sliding plate 16 is provided with third driving cylinder 20, the piston-rod end of the third driving cylinder 20 is connected with clamp 21, to lock the sliding plate 16.When the second driving gas After cylinder 15 drives sliding plate 16 to reach position location, third drives cylinder 20 to work, and clamp 21 is driven to protract, and locks sliding plate 16 In on substrate 1, precise positioning is realized.
Structure, feature and effect of the invention, the above institute are described in detail based on the embodiments shown in the drawings Only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is stated, but the present invention does not limit the scope of implementation as shown in the drawings, it is all according to structure of the invention Think made change or equivalent example modified to equivalent change, when not going beyond the spirit of the description and the drawings, It should all be within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of positioning device for auto parts welding characterized by comprising
Substrate;
Tool locating mechanism is set on the substrate, is provided with positioning pin in the tool locating mechanism;
Rotary positioning mechanism is connect with the substrate, drives the substrate rotating to multiple working conditions, each work shape The tilt angle of the substrate under state is different;
Grip mechanism, when the substrate rotating to set working condition, it is described grip mechanism grip it is described Substrate.
2. the positioning device according to claim 1 for auto parts welding, which is characterized in that the rotational positioning Mechanism includes the left support abutment and right support abutment being oppositely arranged, and the substrate both ends are clamped by the left support abutment and the right support abutment respectively It is fixed, the driving motor for driving the substrate rotating is provided on the left support abutment or right support abutment.
3. the positioning device according to claim 2 for auto parts welding, which is characterized in that the rotational positioning Mechanism drives the substrate rotating to the first working condition and the second working condition, and the substrate under first working condition extends Direction is perpendicular to the substrate extending direction under second working condition.
4. the positioning device according to claim 3 for auto parts welding, which is characterized in that described to grip Mechanism includes several clamp assemblies, and the top and bottom end of the left support abutment and the right support abutment are provided with the clamp assemblies, To clamp the substrate under first working condition, the left and right side of the left support abutment and the right support abutment is provided with The clamp assemblies, to clamp the substrate under second working condition.
5. the positioning device according to claim 4 for auto parts welding, which is characterized in that the clamp assemblies Including pedestal, the first driving cylinder, link assembly, pivoted arm, grip block, pad bearing and cushion block, the first driving cylinder Cylinder body be fixed on the pedestal, the pivoted arm is articulated on the pedestal, and the both ends of the link assembly are separately connected institute The piston-rod end of the first driving cylinder and the free end of the pivoted arm are stated, the grip block is fixed on the free end of the pivoted arm On, the pad bearing is fixed on one end far from the pivoted arm of the pedestal, and the cushion block is fixed on the pad bearing On, the cushion block and the grip block are oppositely arranged to clamp the opposite end of the substrate.
6. the positioning device according to claim 5 for auto parts welding, which is characterized in that the tool locating Mechanism includes symmetrical two positioning components, and the positioning component includes the second driving cylinder, sliding plate and sliding rail, described fixed Position pin is fixed on the sliding plate, and there are two the sliding rail is set, two sliding rails are symmetrically disposed on the substrate, described Sliding plate is slideably positioned on the sliding rail, and the cylinder body of the second driving cylinder is fixed on the substrate, and described second drives The piston-rod end of cylinder of taking offence is connect with the sliding plate, to drive the sliding plate to move back and forth.
7. the positioning device according to claim 6 for auto parts welding, which is characterized in that the substrate is in institute The both ends for stating the sliding path of sliding plate are provided with barrier plate, and the both ends of the sliding plate correspond to the barrier plate and are provided with resistance Block.
8. the positioning device according to claim 7 for auto parts welding, which is characterized in that the sliding plate One end far from the second driving cylinder is provided with third driving cylinder, the piston-rod end connection of the third driving cylinder There is clamp, to lock the sliding plate.
CN201811375957.9A 2018-11-19 2018-11-19 A kind of positioning device for auto parts welding CN109202361B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811375957.9A CN109202361B (en) 2018-11-19 2018-11-19 A kind of positioning device for auto parts welding

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811375957.9A CN109202361B (en) 2018-11-19 2018-11-19 A kind of positioning device for auto parts welding

Publications (2)

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CN109202361A true CN109202361A (en) 2019-01-15
CN109202361B CN109202361B (en) 2019-09-24

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0092533A1 (en) * 1982-04-19 1983-10-26 Lennart Palmér Welding bench
JPH07178583A (en) * 1993-12-24 1995-07-18 Amada Co Ltd Work clamp of laser beam machine
CN202491031U (en) * 2012-01-05 2012-10-17 南车二七车辆有限公司 Flexible mounting and welding device for crossbeam of railway freight vehicle body
CN202877771U (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-04-17 江苏巨超重工机械有限公司 Excavator central platform hydraulic assembling and welding tool
CN103862216A (en) * 2012-12-11 2014-06-18 上海交运集团股份有限公司 Central frame welding tool for automobile instrument panel support
CN104827219A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-08-12 眉山德鑫航空设备有限公司 Welding and limiting tool for brake-type platform truck

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0092533A1 (en) * 1982-04-19 1983-10-26 Lennart Palmér Welding bench
JPH07178583A (en) * 1993-12-24 1995-07-18 Amada Co Ltd Work clamp of laser beam machine
CN202491031U (en) * 2012-01-05 2012-10-17 南车二七车辆有限公司 Flexible mounting and welding device for crossbeam of railway freight vehicle body
CN202877771U (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-04-17 江苏巨超重工机械有限公司 Excavator central platform hydraulic assembling and welding tool
CN103862216A (en) * 2012-12-11 2014-06-18 上海交运集团股份有限公司 Central frame welding tool for automobile instrument panel support
CN104827219A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-08-12 眉山德鑫航空设备有限公司 Welding and limiting tool for brake-type platform truck

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Address after: 230601 No. 99 Ziyun Road, Hefei Economic and Technological Development Zone, Anhui Province

Applicant after: Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Group Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: 230601 No. 669 Shixin Road, Taohua Industrial Park, Hefei City, Anhui Province

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