CN109201829B - A kind of closed large-scale frame structure - Google Patents

A kind of closed large-scale frame structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109201829B
CN109201829B CN201710728792.8A CN201710728792A CN109201829B CN 109201829 B CN109201829 B CN 109201829B CN 201710728792 A CN201710728792 A CN 201710728792A CN 109201829 B CN109201829 B CN 109201829B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
top beam
spindle box
pedestal
frame structure
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CN201710728792.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109201829A (en
Inventor
王海涛
李志强
李中凯
刘旭东
李初晔
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AVIC Manufacturing Technology Institute
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AVIC Manufacturing Technology Institute
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Priority to CN201710728792.8A priority Critical patent/CN109201829B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D22/00Shaping without cutting, by stamping, spinning, or deep-drawing
    • B21D22/14Spinning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/04Frames; Guides

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of closed large-scale frame structures, comprising: spindle box, top beam, column, pedestal, wherein the top beam, column, pedestal all have three;Three pedestals are uniformly distributed in the circumferential direction of the spindle box, and are fixedly connected on the spindle box, and three columns are connected on three pedestals, and the top of two adjacent columns is connected two-by-two by the top beam.The present invention is on the basis of guaranteeing equipment integral rigidity and components intensity, greatly reduce the quality of top beam and column, materials saving is significant, largely improves the dynamic property of equipment, guarantees the running stability of spinning process and the precision index of spinning part.Moreover, the processing is simple for the top beam of the structure type, convenient for exchanging, installation, the debugging efficiency of equipment is effectively improved, equipment daily maintenance and maintenance are also beneficial to.The structure type improves the integral rigidity and dynamic property of large-scale heavy duty, reduces the consumption of steel, has saved the manufacturing cost of equipment.

Description

A kind of closed large-scale frame structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to large-scale heavy duty field of mechanical technique, more particularly to a kind of closed large-scale frame structure.
Background technique
Large-scale vertical spinning machine is to meet the pass that the processing of the major areas such as China's aerospace is needed and developed Airspace engine shell, large aerospace engine crankcase class part and large pressurized vessel etc. can be achieved in key equipment, the equipment Mould pressing processing, filled up China in the strategic blank of large-sized numerical control power spinning machine, reached international most advanced level, be China's military industry provides powerful technical support.
This is equipped for vertical integral frame structure, and occupied area 14000mm × 18000mm is whole heavy highly up to 13 meters 500 tons or so of amount, spinning lateral thrust reach 1000kN, and it is 2600mm that part maximum gauge, which can be processed, to the geometry essence of equipment itself Degree and position accuracy demand are higher.Therefore, according to the function of equipment and precision, analysis meter is only designed and optimized by structure It calculates, guarantees the rigidity and dynamic property of complete machine, just can ensure that the precision of spinning part and the service life of equipment.In the prior art, it revolves Press lower part is connect by column with main spindle box body, and equipment is connected as whole by the monolithic devices top beam connection of top and border seal Body closed framework structure, it is ensured that equipment integral rigidity, to realize the shear spinning processing of equipment.
Shear spinning equipment in the prior art, as shown in figure 3, large-scale power spinning machine monolithic devices top beam 1 is whole knot Its entirety after the completion of overall processing, is hung to the top surface of the monolithic devices column 2 on spinning machine top, is equipped with by structure.Monolithic devices are vertical The lower part of column 2 is then assembled with spindle box 3 and is fixed, and equipment is connected as to the structure of frame-type.The equipment top beam and column weight compared with It greatly, and is overall structure, it is very high to the requirement on machining accuracy of part for the accurate positionin for guaranteeing installation, therefore, it is unfavorable for zero The processing and manufacturing of part is also unfavorable for the installation, adjustment and maintenance of equipment.Since top beam quality is larger, the dynamic property of complete machine is difficult To be guaranteed, stability and spinning part quality to spinning process are affected.Moreover, the structure shape of this top beam arrangement Formula increases the difficulty of work-handling.
Summary of the invention
Against the above technical problems, the present invention provides a kind of closed large-scale frame structure, the large-scale frame structure by Three groups of equally distributed top beams, column and pedestal interconnect together with closing, and compact-sized rigidity foot, interchangeability is strong, often One can independent location and installation, simple and reasonable, accurate positioning, so that spinning operational process is more steady reliable.
The present invention provides a kind of closed large-scale frame structures, comprising: spindle box, top beam, column, pedestal, wherein institute Top beam, column are stated, pedestal all has three;Three pedestals are uniformly distributed in the circumferential direction of the spindle box, and are fixedly connected on institute It states on spindle box, three columns are connected on three pedestals, and the top of two adjacent columns passes through the top beam two-by-two It is connected.
Optionally, the pedestal passes through that the pedestal is arranged in is vertical with being vertically disposed at spindle box link position The horizontally-guided block position of guide pad and horizontal direction setting is adjustably connected on the spindle box.
Optionally, the column is adjustably connect by the way that the column is arranged in the jacking block position at pedestal link position On the base.
Optionally, the top beam is connected to the side at the top of the column.
Optionally, the top beam passes through the left adjustment block being arranged at the position that the top beam is connect with column, right adjustment Block and lower adjustment block position are adjustably connected on the column.
Optionally, main shaft core model is connected with above the spindle box.
Optionally, the centre of the column has cooperation inner cavity, connects telecontrol equipment in the cooperation inner cavity.
Optionally, the telecontrol equipment includes the slide plate that hangs down, cross slide, longitudinal balance cylinder, longitudinal working cylinder, lateral working cylinder And rotary wheel base;The vertical slide plate is installed in the intermediate cavity of the column, and the cross slide is installed on the centre of the vertical slide plate In chamber, be drivingly connected before and after the transverse direction working cylinder and the cross slide, the longitudinal direction working cylinder and longitudinal balance cylinder with it is described Vertical slide plate drives upside down connection, and the rotary wheel base is connected on the cross slide.
For the present invention on the basis of guaranteeing equipment integral rigidity, it is excellent that top beam and column to spinning machine have carried out structure Change, has carried out reasonable fractionation, monolithic devices top beam in the prior art is divided into three symmetrical and interchangeable beam structures, it will be whole Figure column is divided into the two parts being made of column and pedestal, thus reduces the weight of top beam and column, and it is dynamic to improve complete machine State property energy.And in frame each component can individually, easily location and installation, both reduced the difficulty of processing of part, also greatly Labor intensity when assembly is reduced greatly, saves human and material resources and financial resources.Most of all, new structure assembly is simple, fixed Level is true, is conveniently adjusted, it is ensured that equipment reliability of operation and stationarity in spinning process improve the assembly of spinning machine And machining accuracy.Meanwhile the structure type improves the integral rigidity and dynamic property of large-scale vertical shear spinning equipment, improves Force-bearing situation when rotary pressing processing breaches the intrinsic design philosophy of tradition, is carrying out Interest frequency to overall structure form While, the consumption of steel is significantly reduced, the manufacturing cost of equipment is greatly saved.
Additional aspect and advantage of the invention will be set forth in part in the description, and will partially become from the following description Obviously, or practice through the invention is recognized.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of closed large-scale frame structure of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of assembling schematic diagram of closed large-scale frame structure of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of present invention monolithic devices beam structure in the prior art;
Fig. 4 is a kind of spindle box of closed large-scale frame structure of the embodiment of the present invention, and the connection of pedestal and column is shown It is intended to;
Fig. 5 is a kind of top beam of closed large-scale frame structure of the embodiment of the present invention and the connection schematic diagram of column.
It is attached in the figure, it is marked as
1 monolithic devices top beam
2 monolithic devices columns
3 spindle boxes
4 top beams
5 columns
6 pedestals
7 vertical slide plates
8 cross slides
9 main shaft core models
10 longitudinal balance cylinders
11 longitudinal working cylinders
12 lateral working cylinders
13 cooperation inner cavities
14 telecontrol equipments
15 rotary wheel bases
16 are vertically directed block
17 horizontally-guided blocks
18 jacking blocks
19 left adjustment blocks
20 right adjustment blocks
21 lower adjustment blocks.
Specific embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is described below in detail, examples of the embodiments are shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein from beginning to end Same or similar label indicates same or similar element or element with the same or similar functions.Below with reference to attached The embodiment of figure description is exemplary, it is intended to is used to explain the present invention, and is not considered as limiting the invention.
The present invention provides a kind of closed large-scale frame structures, as shown in Figure 1, comprising: spindle box 3, top beam 4, column 5, pedestal 6, wherein the top beam 4, column 5, pedestal 6 all have three;Three pedestals 6 are in the circumferential uniform of the spindle box 3 Distribution, and be fixedly connected on the spindle box 3, three columns 5 are connected on three pedestals 6, two adjacent columns 5 Top be connected two-by-two by the top beam 4.
In the one aspect of the embodiment of the present invention, as shown in figure 4, the pedestal 6 is vertically directed by what is be vertically disposed 17 position of horizontally-guided block of block 16 and horizontal direction setting is adjustably connected on the spindle box 3.The column 5 passes through setting 18 position of adjustable jacking block at column 5 and 6 link position of pedestal is adjustably connected on the pedestal 6.Such as Fig. 5 institute Show, the top beam 4 is connected to the side at the top of the column 5.Preferably, the top beam 4 is connect by top beam 4 with column 5 Position at left adjustment block 19, right adjustment block 20 and lower 21 position of adjustment block are adjustably connected on the column 5.This field It will be appreciated by the skilled person that being determined other than adjustable movable part when the link position of this large-scale frame structure adjusts Afterwards, it is also connected and fixed by screw auxiliary.Closed all adjustable places of large-scale frame structure, can be according to equipment use state Concrete condition carry out free adjustment, to eliminate the gap because processing generation for a long time, and then the precision of complete machine is effectively ensured.
Main shaft core model 9 is connected in the top of the one aspect of the embodiment of the present invention, the spindle box 3.
In the one aspect of the embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1, the centre of the column 5 has cooperation inner cavity 13, it is described Cooperate and connects telecontrol equipment 14 in inner cavity 13.The telecontrol equipment 14 includes the slide plate 7 that hangs down, cross slide 8, and longitudinal balance cylinder 10 is indulged To working cylinder 11, lateral working cylinder 12 and rotary wheel base 15.The vertical slide plate 7 is installed in the intermediate cavity of the column 5, the cross Slide plate 8 is installed in the intermediate cavity of the vertical slide plate 7, is drivingly connected before and after the transverse direction working cylinder 12 and the cross slide 8, institute It states longitudinal working cylinder 11 and longitudinal balance cylinder 10 and is driven upside down with the vertical slide plate 7 and is connect, the rotary wheel base 15 is connected to described On cross slide 8.When rotary pressing processing, longitudinal working cylinder 11 and longitudinal balance cylinder 10 drive the slide plate 7 that hangs down to move up and down, and realize that spinning adds The longitudinal movement of work.Lateral working cylinder 12 drives cross slide 8, feeds before and after drive cross slide 8 and rotary wheel base 15, realizes spinning amount Size control.By the moving interpolation of longitudinal coordinate and lateral coordinates, the numerical control processing of spinning part is completed.
In one particular embodiment of the present invention, using the spinning machine of large-scale frame structure of the present invention by spindle box 3, bottom Seat 6, column 5, the slide plate 7 that hangs down, cross slide 8, main shaft core model 9, top beam 4, lateral working cylinder 12, longitudinal working cylinder 11, longitudinal balance The part such as cylinder 10 forms, and by original monolithic devices top beam 1, is split as the symmetrical interchangeable top beam of three identical sizes and structure 4, original monolithic devices column 2 is split as 6 two parts of column 5 and pedestal, the interchangeability of part is greatly strengthened, can make The property made and installability, and increase the channel and space of work-handling.
The present invention greatly reduces the matter of top beam and column on the basis of guaranteeing equipment integral rigidity and components intensity Amount, materials saving is significant, largely improves the dynamic property of equipment, guarantees running stability and the rotation of spinning process The precision index of casting die.Moreover, the processing is simple for the top beam of the structure type, convenient for exchanging, effectively improve equipment installation, Debugging efficiency is also beneficial to equipment daily maintenance and maintenance.Meanwhile the structure type improves large-scale vertical shear spinning and sets Standby integral rigidity and dynamic property, improves force-bearing situation when rotary pressing processing, breaches the intrinsic design philosophy of tradition, While carrying out analysis optimization calculating to overall structure form, the consumption of steel is significantly reduced, equipment is greatly saved Manufacturing cost.
Although the embodiments of the present invention has been shown and described above, it is to be understood that above-described embodiment is example Property, it is not considered as limiting the invention, those skilled in the art within the scope of the invention can be to above-mentioned Embodiment is changed, modifies, replacement and variant.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of closed large-scale frame structure characterized by comprising
Spindle box, top beam, column, pedestal, wherein the top beam, column, pedestal all have three;
Three pedestals are uniformly distributed in the circumferential direction of the spindle box, and are fixedly connected on the spindle box, three column difference It is connected on three pedestals, the top of two adjacent columns is connected two-by-two by the top beam;
The top beam is connected to the side at the top of the column;
The top beam passes through the left adjustment block being arranged at the position that the top beam is connect with column, right adjustment block and lower adjustment block Position is adjustably connected on the column.
2. a kind of closed large-scale frame structure as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the pedestal is by being arranged in institute State the horizontally-guided block position for being vertically directed block and horizontal direction setting being vertically disposed at pedestal and spindle box link position It is adjustably connected on the spindle box.
3. a kind of closed large-scale frame structure as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the column is by being arranged in institute The jacking block position at column and pedestal link position is stated to be adjustably connected on the pedestal.
4. a kind of closed large-scale frame structure as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the top of the spindle box connects There is main shaft core model.
5. a kind of closed large-scale frame structure as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the centre of the column, which has, matches Inner cavity is closed, connects telecontrol equipment in the cooperation inner cavity.
6. a kind of closed large-scale frame structure as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that the telecontrol equipment includes hanging down to sliding Plate, cross slide, longitudinal balance cylinder, longitudinal working cylinder, lateral working cylinder and rotary wheel base;The vertical slide plate is installed on the column In intermediate cavity, the cross slide is installed in the intermediate cavity of the vertical slide plate, before and after the transverse direction working cylinder and the cross slide It is drivingly connected, the longitudinal direction working cylinder and longitudinal balance cylinder drive upside down with the vertical slide plate and connect, and the rotary wheel base is connected to On the cross slide.
CN201710728792.8A 2017-08-23 2017-08-23 A kind of closed large-scale frame structure Active CN109201829B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710728792.8A CN109201829B (en) 2017-08-23 2017-08-23 A kind of closed large-scale frame structure

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710728792.8A CN109201829B (en) 2017-08-23 2017-08-23 A kind of closed large-scale frame structure

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CN109201829A CN109201829A (en) 2019-01-15
CN109201829B true CN109201829B (en) 2019-06-14

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS645710U (en) * 1987-06-25 1989-01-13
JP2003048032A (en) * 2001-08-03 2003-02-18 Toyoda Mach Works Ltd Working device
CN201385079Y (en) * 2009-04-03 2010-01-20 嘉兴市四通车轮制造有限公司 Vertical three-spinning-roller spinning machine
CN201960026U (en) * 2010-12-18 2011-09-07 胡景春 Numerical-control powerful spinning machine with three beams, three columns and three spinning wheels
CN204602956U (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-09-02 昆山龙筠精密机床有限公司 vertical spinning machine

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101031372A (en) * 2004-10-01 2007-09-05 日本斯频德制造株式会社 Vertical spinning machine
US20090293688A1 (en) * 2008-05-30 2009-12-03 Benedikt Nillies Metal forming machine and method for spinning/flow forming

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS645710U (en) * 1987-06-25 1989-01-13
JP2003048032A (en) * 2001-08-03 2003-02-18 Toyoda Mach Works Ltd Working device
CN201385079Y (en) * 2009-04-03 2010-01-20 嘉兴市四通车轮制造有限公司 Vertical three-spinning-roller spinning machine
CN201960026U (en) * 2010-12-18 2011-09-07 胡景春 Numerical-control powerful spinning machine with three beams, three columns and three spinning wheels
CN204602956U (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-09-02 昆山龙筠精密机床有限公司 vertical spinning machine

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