CN109198669A - A kind of energy-efficient potato cleaning plant - Google Patents

A kind of energy-efficient potato cleaning plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109198669A
CN109198669A CN201811236558.4A CN201811236558A CN109198669A CN 109198669 A CN109198669 A CN 109198669A CN 201811236558 A CN201811236558 A CN 201811236558A CN 109198669 A CN109198669 A CN 109198669A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
potato
water
shell
servo motor
Prior art date
Application number
CN201811236558.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
任辉
Original Assignee
任辉
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 任辉 filed Critical 任辉
Priority to CN201811236558.4A priority Critical patent/CN109198669A/en
Publication of CN109198669A publication Critical patent/CN109198669A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • A23N7/02Peeling potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching
    • A23N12/023Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching for washing potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/90Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in food processing or handling, e.g. food conservation

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of energy-efficient potato cleaning plants, including shell, cleaning peeling mechanism, collect cleaning mechanism, electric cabinet, control panel, diversion trench, soil clarifier, water tank, water pump, connecting tube, supporting block and sparge pipe, the enclosure interior is provided with cleaning peeling mechanism, the cleaning peeling actuator base is provided with collection cleaning mechanism, the shell side is equipped with electric cabinet, the electric cabinet side is equipped with control panel, diversion trench is installed at the top of the collection cleaning mechanism, the water conservancy diversion trench bottom is equipped with soil clarifier, soil clarifier bottom and be located at case inside at the top of water tank is installed, the water tank side is equipped with water pump;The present invention can separate the potato peel of removal and biggish clod and water by collecting cleaning mechanism, and then potato peel and clod are collected separately;Muddy water can be reused for cleaning potato by filtering simultaneously, constitute and be recycled, and save water resource.

Description

A kind of energy-efficient potato cleaning plant
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of agricultural products processing, specially a kind of energy-efficient potato cleaning plant.
Background technique
Processing of farm products be with physics, chemistry and biology method, by agricultural major and minor product be made various food or A kind of production activity of other articles is an important link of the agricultural product by production field flow into the market places;Potato is people In daily life between favorite food, especially potato chips, with the continuous improvement of people's living standards, batch production potato chips Among operation, during referring to production potato chips, there is an important link, potato is first exactly subjected to cleaning peeling, when It is sliced again after cleaning peeling is clean, is can be completed clearly by potato cleaning plant now by manually removing the peel in the past Skin is washed away, cleaning peeling can be rapidly completed on potato surface by burr roller turning effort.
During carrying out use, the potato peel of removal and biggish clod are blended in existing potato cleaning plant with water Emission treatment is directly carried out together, be easy the waste of resource and is polluted the environment, while being carried out clearly to a large amount of potato When washing away skin, will use a large amount of water carry out cleaning and without recycling, cause the increase of cost.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of energy-efficient potato cleaning plants, in order to overcome above-mentioned technology to ask Topic can separate the potato peel of removal and biggish clod and water by collecting cleaning mechanism, then to potato peel and Clod is collected separately;Muddy water can be reused for cleaning potato by filtering simultaneously, constitute and be recycled, and save water resource.
The purpose of the present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of energy-efficient potato cleaning plant, including shell, cleaning peeling mechanism, collect cleaning mechanism, electric cabinet, Control panel, diversion trench, soil clarifier, water tank, water pump, connecting tube, supporting block and sparge pipe, the enclosure interior are provided with Cleaning peeling mechanism, the cleaning peeling actuator base are provided with collection cleaning mechanism, and the shell side is equipped with electric cabinet, The electric cabinet side is equipped with control panel, and diversion trench, the water conservancy diversion trench bottom peace are equipped at the top of the collection cleaning mechanism Equipped with soil clarifier, soil clarifier bottom and be located at case inside at the top of water tank, the water tank one are installed Side is equipped with water pump, and the water pump side is equipped with connecting tube, and the case top two sides are symmetrically installed with supporting block, two pieces of institutes It states and sparge pipe is installed between supporting block, described connecting tube one end passes through shell and connect with supporting block described in side;
Cleaning peeling mechanism includes first servo motor, shaft coupling, shaft, driving wheel, the first burr roller, first axle It holds, the second burr roller, driven wheel and second bearing, the first servo motor output end are connected by shaft coupling with shaft, institute The shaft other end to be stated to be mounted at the center of driving wheel side, first burr roller one end is equipped with first bearing, and described first The burr roller other end is equipped at the center of the driving wheel other side, and second burr roller one end is equipped with driven wheel, and described second The burr roller other end is equipped with second bearing, and the driving wheel side is provided with 3 driven wheels, and the other side is provided with 4 A driven wheel, the intermeshing of driven wheel described in the driving wheel and two sides, and the adjacent driven wheel intermeshing, it is described First bearing and second bearing installation are inside housings;
The collection cleaning mechanism includes filter plate, block arc, transport tube, the second servo motor, helical axis, third servo Motor, threaded rod, sliding slot, slide bar, threaded hole and hairbrush, filter plate top one end are equipped with block arc, the filter plate one Side is equipped with transport tube, and described transport tube one end is equipped with the second servo motor, the second servo motor output end and is located at Helical axis is installed, filter plate other end two sides are symmetrically installed with third servo motor, the filter plate top inside transport tube Two sides correspond to third servo motor and offer sliding slot, the third servo motor output end and are located inside sliding slot and are equipped with screw thread Bar, the slide bar both ends offer threaded hole, pass through screw thread borehole jack on the outside of the threaded rod and be equipped with slide bar, the slide bar bottom Hairbrush is installed.
As a further solution of the present invention: the control panel is electrically connected water pump, first servo motor, the second servo electricity Machine and third servo motor, the electric cabinet are connect by conducting wire with extraneous power supply.
As a further solution of the present invention: the shell is movably installed with dodge gate relative to electric cabinet side, described Case top offers potato conveying mouth, and channel is offered inside supporting block described in side, and the channel both ends offer spiral shell Line, the connecting tube, sparge pipe and channel are connected through a screw thread, and the water spray bottom of the tube is uniformly provided with hole for water spraying.
As a further solution of the present invention: successively layering is provided with microlith, rough sand and thin inside the soil clarifier It is husky.
As a further solution of the present invention: the driving wheel number 1, the driven wheel number is 7, described adjacent Gear intermeshing, is arranged with first bearing at the first burr roller and driving wheel junction center, second burr roller and from Driving wheel junction is arranged with second bearing at center.
As a further solution of the present invention: the equivalent width of slot width and filter plate that the transport tube side opens up, It is in contact at the top of the hairbrush bottom and filter plate.
As a further solution of the present invention: the hull outside surrounding is respectively provided with and reinforcing rib, and the housing bottom is set Being equipped with can fixed idler whell.
As a further solution of the present invention: water level sensor being installed, inside the electric cabinet inside the water tank PLC controller is installed, the water tank side is equipped with pipeline and connect with external water pipe, is equipped with control on the outside of the pipeline Valve, the water level sensor are electrically connected PLC controller, and the PLC controller is electrically connected control valve.
As a further solution of the present invention: the use operating procedure of the cleaning plant are as follows:
Step 1: potato is put into the intracorporal cleaning of shell by potato conveying mouth and is removed the peel in mechanism, is opened by control panel Equipment, first servo motor work drive driving wheel rotation, drive 7 driven wheel rotations, and then band by gear engaged transmission Dynamic first burr roller and the rotation of the second burr roller, while the water of water tank is transported to sparge pipe by connecting tube by pump working, Sparge pipe, which is located at, to be started to spray water toward potato right above potato conveying mouth, by the first burr roller and the second burr roller to potato friction The soil in outside and epidermis are removed;
Step 2: the soil and epidermis of removal fall under gravity into the collection cleaning mechanism of enclosure interior, pass through filter Plate filters out epidermis and larger soil, and then muddy water removes contained mud and impurity in water removal using soil clarifier, purified Water comes back to water tank and uses for potato washing:
Step 3: the potato after completing peeling and cleaning is taken out by dodge gate, controls cleaning mechanism pair by control panel The soil and epidermis of filter plate carry out cleaning and are pushed to collecting mechanism, are transmitted soil and epidermis by way of helical feed Cleaning.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: the present invention is designed by reasonable structure, is carried out by cleaning peeling mechanism to potato After cleaning and peeling, the soil and epidermis of removal mix the collection cleaning mechanism that dampening falls under gravity into enclosure interior, lead to Filter plate goes out epidermis and larger soil, after the completion of entire cleaning, controls control third servo motor work by control panel Make, threaded rod is driven to rotate in sliding slot, the slide bar for having opened up threaded hole is moved along threaded rod, will by the hairbrush of bottom Epidermis and larger soil are swept into the transport tube of the filter plate of one end, then the rotation of the second servo motor job transfer helical axis, will Epidermis and larger soil carry out loose, are collected in hull outside by container, thus by epidermis on filter plate and larger Soil is cleaned out, and epidermis and larger soil plug filter plate are avoided, and ensure that filter plate keeps good filtering function for a long time, this The epidermis and larger soil collected a bit can be utilized, it is used to feed the livestocks such as chicken and duck, for serving as part chicken and duck livestock Feed, reduce the dosage save the cost of feed;Remaining muddy water enters soil under gravity again and purifies simultaneously Device removes soil soluble in water, flows into water tank after the completion of filtering, uses when cleaning for follow up device, material is thus formed One water circulation system, water resource obtain reusable, have effectively saved water resource, have saved the cost of potato washing.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to facilitate the understanding of those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described below with reference to the drawings.
Fig. 1 is overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is inventive shell schematic diagram of internal structure.
Fig. 3 is that mechanism side view is removed the peel in present invention cleaning.
Fig. 4 is that mechanism structural schematic diagram is removed the peel in present invention cleaning.
Fig. 5 is that the present invention collects cleaning mechanism structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is that the present invention collects cleaning mechanism cross-sectional view.
In figure: 1, shell;2, cleaning peeling mechanism;3, cleaning mechanism is collected;101, electric cabinet;102, control panel;103, Diversion trench;104, soil clarifier;105, water tank;106, water pump;107, connecting tube;108, supporting block;109, sparge pipe; 201, first servo motor;202, shaft coupling;203, shaft;204, driving wheel;205, the first burr roller;206, first bearing; 207, the second burr roller;208, driven wheel;209, second bearing;301, filter plate;302, block arc;303, transport tube;304, Second servo motor;305, helical axis;306, third servo motor;307, threaded rod;308, sliding slot;309, slide bar;310, spiral shell Pit;311, hairbrush.
Specific embodiment
Technical solution of the present invention is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with embodiment, it is clear that described reality Applying example is only a part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, this field is general Logical technical staff all other embodiment obtained without creative efforts belongs to what the present invention protected Range.
It please refers to shown in Fig. 1-6, a kind of energy-efficient potato cleaning plant, including shell 1, cleaning peeling mechanism 2, receipts Collect cleaning mechanism 3, electric cabinet 101, control panel 102, diversion trench 103, soil clarifier 104, water tank 105, water pump 106, connect Adapter tube 107, supporting block 108 and sparge pipe 109, shell 1 are internally provided with cleaning peeling mechanism 2, and cleaning peeling 2 bottom of mechanism is set It is equipped with and collects cleaning mechanism 3,1 side of shell is equipped with electric cabinet 101, and 101 side of electric cabinet is equipped with control panel 102, collects Diversion trench 103 is installed at the top of cleaning mechanism 3, certain guiding role can be played to water flow, is poured into soil clarifier 104, while playing the role of that water flow is avoided to splash, 103 bottom of diversion trench is equipped with soil clarifier 104, soil clarifier 104 Bottom and be located at 1 inside top of shell water tank 105 is installed, play the role of store water source, 105 side of water tank is equipped with Water pump 106,106 side of water pump are equipped with connecting tube 107, and 1 top two sides of shell are symmetrically installed with supporting block 108, play support The effect of sparge pipe 109, sparge pipe 109 is equipped between two pieces of supporting blocks 108, and 107 one end of connecting tube passes through shell 1 and and side Supporting block 108 connects;
Cleaning peeling mechanism 2 includes first servo motor 201, shaft coupling 202, shaft 203, driving wheel 204, the first burr Roller 205, first bearing 206, the second burr roller 207, driven wheel 208 and second bearing 209,201 output end of first servo motor It is connected by shaft coupling 202 and shaft 203,203 other end of shaft is mounted at 204 side center of driving wheel, the first burr roller 205 one end are equipped with first bearing 206, and 205 other end of the first burr roller is equipped at 204 other side center of driving wheel, and second 207 one end of burr roller is equipped with driven wheel 208, and 207 other end of the second burr roller is equipped with second bearing 209, driving wheel 204 1 Side is provided with 3 driven wheels 208, and the other side is provided with 4 driven wheels 208, and driving wheel 204 and two sides driven wheel 208 are mutual Engagement, and adjacent driven wheel 208 is intermeshed, first bearing 206 and second bearing 209 are mounted on inside shell 1, pass through first 207 common rotation of burr roller 205 and the second burr roller, can clear up a large amount of potatoes simultaneously, improve work efficiency;
Collecting cleaning mechanism 3 includes filter plate 301, block arc 302, transport tube 303, the second servo motor 304, helical axis 305, third servo motor 306, threaded rod 307, sliding slot 308, slide bar 309, threaded hole 310 and hairbrush 311,301 top of filter plate One end is equipped with block arc 302, plays the role of barrier, prevents water flow from flowing into transport tube 303 along filter plate 301, filter plate 301 sides are equipped with transport tube 303, and 303 one end of transport tube is equipped with the second servo motor 304, the output of the second servo motor 304 End and be located inside transport tube 303 helical axis 305 be installed, by the rotation of vane on helical axis 305 to epidermis and soil into Uniformly conveying, 301 other end two sides of filter plate are symmetrically installed with third servo motor 306 to row, and 301 top two sides of filter plate correspond to third Servo motor 306 offers sliding slot 308,306 output end of third servo motor and is located inside sliding slot 308 and is equipped with threaded rod 307,309 both ends of slide bar offer threaded hole 310, are cooperated by threaded rod 307 and threaded hole 310 with moving slide-bar 309 move back and forth the epidermis and soil cleaned on filter plate 301 along sliding slot 308 on threaded rod 307, lead on the outside of threaded rod 307 It crosses threaded hole 310 and is arranged with slide bar 309,309 bottom of slide bar is equipped with hairbrush 311.
Control panel 102 is electrically connected water pump 106, first servo motor 201, the second servo motor 304 and third servo electricity Machine 306, electric cabinet 101 are connect by conducting wire with extraneous power supply, convenient for controlling all electric appliance component work by control panel 102, Guarantee electricity abundance simultaneously.
Shell 1 is movably installed with dodge gate relative to 101 side of electric cabinet, convenient for taking out potato, shell after the completion of cleaning Potato conveying mouth is offered at the top of body 1, and convenient for pouring into potato in device, channel, channel are offered inside side supporting block 108 Both ends offer screw thread, and connecting tube 107, sparge pipe 109 and channel are connected through a screw thread, and are convenient for connecting tube 107 and water spray Pipe 109 realizes connection, guarantees the transmission of water flow, and 109 bottom of sparge pipe is uniformly provided with hole for water spraying, convenient for uniformly spraying water source, Guarantee the clean of cleaning.
Successively layering is provided with microlith, rough sand and fine sand inside soil clarifier 104, convenient for going to desilt by layering Impurity in water reaches the standard recycled.
The number 1 of driving wheel 204,208 numbers of driven wheel are 7, adjacent gear intermeshing, 205 He of the first burr roller It is arranged with first bearing 206 at 204 junction center of driving wheel, is covered at 208 junction center of the second burr roller 207 and driven wheel It equipped with second bearing 209, drives driving wheel 204 to rotate by first servo motor 201, and then remaining is driven by gear engagement 7 driven wheels 208 actively, drive all burr rollers to clear up potato, improve simultaneously convenient for a large amount of cleaning potato clear Manage efficiency.
The equivalent width of slot width and filter plate 301 that 303 side of transport tube opens up is convenient for epidermis and biggish clod It is all swept into transport tube 303, is in contact at the top of 311 bottom of hairbrush and filter plate 301, by hairbrush 311 along threaded rod 307 Direction is mobile, and the epidermis at 301 top of filter plate and biggish clod are all cleaned to transport tube 303, guarantee the mistake of filter plate 301 Filter effect.
1 outside surrounding of shell is provided with reinforcing rib, and the intensity of stiffening device entirety is played by the reinforcing rib of setting, is prolonged The service life of growth device entirety, 1 bottom of shell be provided with can fixed idler whell, convenient for device is carried out carrying movement, at the same Carry out using when fix and idler wheel and then complete to fix.
Water level sensor is installed inside water tank 105, PLC controller, water tank 105 are installed inside electric cabinet 101 Side is equipped with pipeline and connect with external water pipe, and control valve is equipped on the outside of pipeline, and water level sensor is electrically connected PLC control Device, PLC controller are electrically connected control valve, and water tank 105 in use can be lossy, perceives water by water level sensor Position feeds back to PLC controller manipulation control valve and opens completion moisturizing, and moisturizing finishes closing control valve.
The use operating procedure of the cleaning plant are as follows:
Step 1: potato is put into the cleaning in shell 1 by potato conveying mouth and is removed the peel in mechanism 2, control panel 102 is passed through Equipment is opened, the work of first servo motor 201 drives driving wheel 204 to rotate, and drives 7 driven wheels by gear engaged transmission 208 rotations, and then the first burr roller 205 and the rotation of the second burr roller 207 are driven, while water pump 106 works water tank 105 Water is transported to sparge pipe 109 by connecting tube 107, and sparge pipe 109, which is located at, to be started to spray water toward potato right above potato conveying mouth, leads to It crosses the first burr roller 205 and the second burr roller 207 soil in outside and epidermis are removed to potato friction;
Step 2: the soil and epidermis of removal fall under gravity into the collection cleaning mechanism 3 inside shell 1, pass through Filter plate 301 filters out epidermis and larger soil, and then muddy water removes contained mud and impurity in water removal using soil clarifier 104, Purified water comes back to water tank 105 and uses for potato washing:
Step 3: the potato after completing peeling and cleaning is taken out by dodge gate, controls cleaning mechanism by control panel 102 Soil and epidermis to filter plate 301 carry out cleaning and are pushed to collecting mechanism, by way of helical feed by soil and epidermis into Row transmission cleaning.
The working principle of the invention: potato is put into the cleaning in shell 1 by potato conveying mouth and is removed the peel in mechanism 2, is led to It crosses control panel 102 and opens equipment, first servo motor 201 is started to work, and first servo motor 201 is by shaft coupling 202 and turns Axis 203 connects, and the other end of shaft 203 is connect with driving wheel 204, and then driving wheel 204 is driven to rotate, 204 side of driving wheel First burr roller 205 is installed, is mounted in shell 1 by first bearing 206, the first burr roller 205 starts turning, actively Wheel 204 is intermeshed with two sides driven wheel 208, and adjacent driven wheel 208 is intermeshed, and 208 side of driven wheel is equipped with Second burr roller 207, is mounted in shell 1 by second bearing 209, and the second burr roller 207 starts turning, with the first burr The soil in outside and epidermis are removed potato friction by 205 collective effect of roller, lead to the process of rotation, and the work of water pump 106 will The water of water tank 105 is transported to sparge pipe 109 by connecting tube 107, and sparge pipe 109 is fixed on the branch right above potato conveying mouth It on bracer 108, begins through hole for water spraying and sprays water toward potato, and then potato is cleared up, the soil and epidermis of removal mix dampening The collection cleaning mechanism 3 inside shell 1 is fallen under gravity into, epidermis and larger soil are filtered out by filter plate 301, whole After the completion of a potato cleaning, is worked by 102 control third servo motor 306 of control panel control, drive threaded rod 307 in sliding slot Rotation, the slide bar 309 for having opened up threaded hole 310 are moved along threaded rod 307 in 308, by the hairbrush 311 of bottom by epidermis The transport tube 303 of the filter plate 301 of one end is swept into larger soil, then the second servo motor 304 job transfer helical axis 305 Rotation, epidermis and the progress of larger soil is loose, it is collected on the outside of shell 1 by container, while remaining muddy water is again Enter soil clarifier 104 under gravity and remove soil soluble in water, is flowed into water tank 105 after the completion of filtering, For using when follow up device cleaning, the potato after cleaning is removed by opening the dodge gate of 1 side activity of shell installation, after being convenient for Continue be sliced and potato chips are made with frying.
The present invention is designed by reasonable structure, after potato is cleaned and is removed the peel by cleaning peeling mechanism 2, removal Soil and epidermis mix dampening fall under gravity into the collection cleaning mechanism 3 inside shell 1, filtered out by filter plate 301 Epidermis and larger soil are worked by 102 control third servo motor 306 of control panel control, are driven after the completion of entire cleaning Threaded rod 307 rotates in sliding slot 308, and the slide bar 309 for having opened up threaded hole 310 is moved along threaded rod 307, passes through bottom Hairbrush 311 epidermis and larger soil are swept into one end filter plate 301 transport tube 303, then 304 work of the second servo motor Make to transfer the rotation of helical axis 305, epidermis and the progress of larger soil is loose, it is collected on the outside of shell 1 by container, in this way Just by filter plate 301 epidermis and larger soil clean out, avoid epidermis and larger soil plug filter plate 301, ensure that Filter plate 301 keeps good filtering function for a long time, these epidermises collected and larger soil can be utilized, it is used to feed The livestocks such as chicken and duck reduce the dosage save the cost of feed for serving as the feed of part chicken and duck livestock;Remaining muddy water simultaneously Enter soil clarifier 104 under gravity again and remove soil soluble in water, flows into water tank 105 after the completion of filtering It is interior, for follow up device clean when use, material is thus formed a water circulation system, water resource obtain it is reusable, effectively Saved water resource, saved the cost of potato washing.
In the description of this specification, the description of reference term " one embodiment ", " example ", " specific example " etc. means Particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described in conjunction with this embodiment or example are contained at least one implementation of the invention In example or example.In the present specification, schematic expression of the above terms may not refer to the same embodiment or example. Moreover, particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described can be in any one or more of the embodiments or examples to close Suitable mode combines.
Present invention disclosed above preferred embodiment is only intended to help to illustrate the present invention.There is no detailed for preferred embodiment All details are described, are not limited the invention to the specific embodiments described.Obviously, according to the content of this specification, It can make many modifications and variations.These embodiments are chosen and specifically described to this specification, is in order to better explain the present invention Principle and practical application, so that skilled artisan be enable to better understand and utilize the present invention.The present invention is only It is limited by claims and its full scope and equivalent.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of energy-efficient potato cleaning plant, which is characterized in that including shell (1), cleaning peeling mechanism (2), collect Cleaning mechanism (3), electric cabinet (101), control panel (102), diversion trench (103), soil clarifier (104), water tank (105), Water pump (106), connecting tube (107), supporting block (108) and sparge pipe (109), the shell (1) are internally provided with cleaning peeling Mechanism (2), cleaning peeling mechanism (2) bottom, which is provided with, collects cleaning mechanism (3), and shell (1) side is equipped with electricity It controls case (101), electric cabinet (101) side is equipped with control panel (102), is equipped at the top of the collection cleaning mechanism (3) Diversion trench (103), diversion trench (103) bottom are equipped with soil clarifier (104), soil clarifier (104) bottom And be located at shell (1) inside top and be equipped with water tank (105), water tank (105) side is equipped with water pump (106), institute Water pump (106) side to be stated to be equipped with connecting tube (107), two sides are symmetrically installed with supporting block (108) at the top of the shell (1), and two Be equipped between supporting block described in block (108) sparge pipe (109), described connecting tube (107) one end pass through shell (1) and with side institute State supporting block (108) connection;
Cleaning peeling mechanism (2) includes first servo motor (201), shaft coupling (202), shaft (203), driving wheel (204), the first burr roller (205), first bearing (206), the second burr roller (207), driven wheel (208) and second bearing (209), first servo motor (201) output end is connected by shaft coupling (202) and shaft (203), the shaft (203) The other end is mounted at driving wheel (204) side center, and described first burr roller (205) one end is equipped with first bearing (206), First burr roller (205) other end is equipped at driving wheel (204) other side center, second burr roller (207) one End is equipped with driven wheel (208), and the second burr roller (207) other end is equipped with second bearing (209), the driving wheel (204) side is provided with 3 driven wheels (208), and the other side is provided with 4 driven wheels (208), the driving wheel (204) it is intermeshed with driven wheel described in two sides (208), and the adjacent driven wheel (208) is intermeshed, the first bearing (206) and second bearing (209) is mounted on shell (1) inside;
The collection cleaning mechanism (3) includes filter plate (301), block arc (302), transport tube (303), the second servo motor (304), helical axis (305), third servo motor (306), threaded rod (307), sliding slot (308), slide bar (309), threaded hole (310) it is equipped with block arc (302) with hairbrush (311), filter plate (301) top one end, filter plate (301) the side peace Equipped with transport tube (303), described transport tube (303) one end is equipped with the second servo motor (304), second servo motor (304) output end and be located at transport tube (303) inside be equipped with helical axis (305), filter plate (301) other end two sides are symmetrical It is equipped with third servo motor (306), two sides correspond to third servo motor (306) and offer sliding slot at the top of the filter plate (301) (308), third servo motor (306) output end and be located at sliding slot (308) inside threaded rod (307), the cunning are installed Bar (309) both ends offer threaded hole (310), are arranged with slide bar by threaded hole (310) on the outside of the threaded rod (307) (309), slide bar (309) bottom is equipped with hairbrush (311).
2. the energy-efficient potato cleaning plant of one kind according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the control panel (102) water pump (106), first servo motor (201), the second servo motor (304) and third servo motor are electrically connected (306), the electric cabinet (101) is connect by conducting wire with extraneous power supply.
3. the energy-efficient potato cleaning plant of one kind according to claim 1, which is characterized in that shell (1) phase Dodge gate is movably installed with for electric cabinet (101) side, offers potato conveying mouth at the top of the shell (1), described in side Channel is offered inside supporting block (108), the channel both ends offer screw thread, the connecting tube (107), sparge pipe (109) it is connected through a screw thread with channel, sparge pipe (109) bottom is uniformly provided with hole for water spraying.
4. the energy-efficient potato cleaning plant of one kind according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the soil clarifier (104) internal successively layering is provided with microlith, rough sand and fine sand.
5. the energy-efficient potato cleaning plant of one kind according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the driving wheel (204) number 1, driven wheel (208) number are 7, adjacent gear intermeshing, the first burr roller (205) and It is arranged with first bearing (206) at driving wheel (204) junction center, second burr roller (207) and driven wheel (208) are even Second bearing (209) are arranged at the place of connecing center.
6. the energy-efficient potato cleaning plant of one kind according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the transport tube (303) at the top of the equivalent width of side opens up slot width and filter plate (301), hairbrush (311) bottom and filter plate (301) It is in contact.
7. the energy-efficient potato cleaning plant of one kind according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the shell (1) is outside Side surrounding is respectively provided with and reinforcing rib, and shell (1) bottom is provided with can fixed idler whell.
8. the energy-efficient potato cleaning plant of one kind according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water tank (105) internal that water level sensor is installed, PLC controller, the water tank (105) are installed inside the electric cabinet (101) Side is equipped with pipeline and connect with external water pipe, and control valve is equipped on the outside of the pipeline, and the water level sensor is electrically connected PLC controller, the PLC controller are electrically connected control valve.
9. the energy-efficient potato cleaning plant of one kind according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cleaning plant makes With operating procedure are as follows:
Step 1: potato is put into the peeling of the cleaning in shell (1) mechanism (2) by potato conveying mouth, passes through control panel (102) equipment is opened, first servo motor (201) work drives driving wheel (204) rotation, drives 7 by gear engaged transmission A driven wheel (208) rotation, and then the first burr roller (205) and the second burr roller (207) rotation are driven, while water pump (106) The water of water tank (105) is transported to sparge pipe (109) by work by connecting tube (107), and sparge pipe (109) is located at potato conveying Start to spray water toward potato right above mouthful, by the first burr roller (205) and the second burr roller (207) to potato friction by outside Soil and epidermis are removed;
Step 2: the soil and epidermis of removal fall under gravity into the internal collection cleaning mechanism (3) of shell (1), pass through Filter plate (301) filters out epidermis and larger soil, and then muddy water removes contained mud and miscellaneous in water removal using soil clarifier (104) Matter, purified water come back to water tank (105) and use for potato washing:
Step 3: the potato after completing peeling and cleaning is taken out by dodge gate, controls cleaning mechanism pair by control panel (102) The soil and epidermis of filter plate (301) carry out cleaning and are pushed to collecting mechanism, by way of helical feed by soil and epidermis into Row transmission cleaning.
CN201811236558.4A 2018-10-23 2018-10-23 A kind of energy-efficient potato cleaning plant CN109198669A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811236558.4A CN109198669A (en) 2018-10-23 2018-10-23 A kind of energy-efficient potato cleaning plant

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CN109198669A true CN109198669A (en) 2019-01-15

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Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203340960U (en) * 2013-05-29 2013-12-18 广州市和兴隆食品科技有限公司 Water-saving and drainage reducing apparatus suitable for potato skinning machine
CN206325835U (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-07-14 北京康特奇饲料有限公司 A kind of material screening machine

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203340960U (en) * 2013-05-29 2013-12-18 广州市和兴隆食品科技有限公司 Water-saving and drainage reducing apparatus suitable for potato skinning machine
CN206325835U (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-07-14 北京康特奇饲料有限公司 A kind of material screening machine

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