CN109197715A - A kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method - Google Patents

A kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109197715A
CN109197715A CN201811019066.XA CN201811019066A CN109197715A CN 109197715 A CN109197715 A CN 109197715A CN 201811019066 A CN201811019066 A CN 201811019066A CN 109197715 A CN109197715 A CN 109197715A
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water
shrimp
ovum
pond
breeding
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郭祥利
吴振
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method, specific artificial breeding includes the following steps, a, builds nursery pond;B, parent shrimp rearing;C starts the breeding period that mates in seed shrimp, carries out artificial incubation;D, hatching management should be protected from light ventilation during entire hatching, prevent vibration and mechanical stimulus;Dead ovum easily breeds water mold simultaneously, therefore needs to arrange to pick ovum operation several times in hatching process;E puts the seed shrimp after hatching in a suitable place to breed, and pond is put in selection in a suitable place to breed, and the water body of putting in a suitable place to breed is 2.0 meters deep with each Chi Chi, and 20~50 cubic metres of water body are advisable;F, the feeding management of young shrimp and water-changing tube reason.The present invention improve by the method for artificial propagation the survival rate of juvenile prawn, and different cultivations is carried out according to juvenile prawn different times, substantially increase the growth rate of juvenile prawn, the Penaeus Vannmei cultivated out, meat is delicious, and volume is larger, and protein content is high, whole breeding method is simply scientific, is worthy to be popularized.

Description

A kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture technical field, especially a kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method.
Background technique
For Penaeus Vannmei adult longest up to 24cm, crust is relatively thin, and normal body colour is shallow cinerous, and whole body does not have speckle. Step is often in chalk shape, therefore has the title of white limb shrimp.It is wide warm eurysalinity torrid zone shrimps.
Penaeus Vannmei is the highest shrimp species of single rate in three big cultured prawns.It is mainly distributed on US West Pacific Ocean edge Bank tropical waters, from the Gulf of Mexico to Peru, middle part is all distributed, and is more concentrated with the sea area near Ecuador, is that the world is supported Grow one of big excellent variety of yield highest three.Penaeus Vannmei shell is relatively thin, and normal body colour is cyanic colours, and whole body does not have speckle, Form is similar to Chinese prawn (Penaeus chinensis);Naturally the sea area in depth of water 0-70m is inhabited, belongs to omnivorousness, has Adaptable, the three big features such as the speed of growth is fast, disease resistance is strong, can give birth to as long as protein rate in bait accounts for 20% or more It is long;Its delicious meat, dressing percentage are high, eurysalinity, high temperature resistant, and the thin body fertilizer of Penaeus Vannmei shell, delicious meat, dressed fish is high, battalion It supports abundant.However cultured prawn technology domestic at present, it is not appropriate for culture of Penaeus vannamei, even if cultivation comes out, South America is white Prawn is at covering with, and meat is poor, and problems above just needs to improve traditional Cultivating techniques, thus herein I Propose a kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method, improve the production of salmon.
Summary of the invention
It is biggish to improve Penaeus Vannmei the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method Yield.
The present invention is to solve above-mentioned phenomenon, using the technical solution of following modification, a kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei side Method, specific artificial breeding include the following steps,
A builds nursery pond, and nursery pond pond shape is preferably rectangle, and pond is 1.5 meters -2 meters deep, and pool wall can use reinforced concrete Perfusion is applied with cement, non-leakage, do not crack, and 24 centimetres of tank block wall thickness, pond is 36 centimetres thick every brick wall;
B, parent shrimp rearing, selection is physical strong, and weight is used as seed shrimp in 0.25~0.35kg or more, and body is then by seed shrimp Female-male proportion is put into nursery pond according to 5: 1, and the Suitable Density of parent shrimp rearing is 5~100 tails/m2, water temperature control is 8~17 DEG C, dissolved oxygen 8mg/L or more, 30~50L/s of flow;
C starts the breeding period that mates in seed shrimp, carries out ovum artificial collection, the ovum adopted need to use isotonic solution, they are successively molten In 10L water, pH value 7, and adjust the temperature to 4 DEG C or more and rinse, the Yolk flowed out in ovum is washed away, and remove excessive Bad ovum, ovum skin, clot etc. after the complete water swelling of fertilized eggs, then move into incubator and hatch;
D, hatching management should be protected from light ventilation during entire hatching, prevent vibration and mechanical stimulus;Dead ovum is easily grown simultaneously Unboiled water is mould, therefore needs to arrange to pick ovum operation several times in hatching process;
E puts the seed shrimp after hatching in a suitable place to breed, and pond is put in selection in a suitable place to breed, and the water body of putting in a suitable place to breed is 2.0 meters deep with each Chi Chi, 20~50 cubic metres of water body are advisable;
F, the feeding management of young shrimp and water-changing tube reason.
It further include that antibacterials are added in nursery water, mainly in step b as present invention further optimization mode Antibacterials include 0.5~1ppm of terramycin, 1~10ppm of chloramphenicol, nitrofurazone 1ppm, 30~200ppm of nystatin, dysentery Trane 1ppm.
As present invention further optimization mode, the isotonic solution is set as NaCl, KCl, CaCl2Mixture, system Making ratio is 14:6:1.8.
As present invention further optimization mode, in step f, shrimp seedling is controlled in nauplius stage, water temperature 19.5 Add 10 centimetres of water between~22 DEG C daily simultaneously, after nauplius metamorphosis to zoea, water temperature is gradually by the 22 of one phase of flea shape 28 DEG C of three phase of flea shape DEG C are raised to, when arriving the flea shape second phase, changes water 1/3 or so daily, aeration quantity is increased to fluidized state, and water colour is protected Yellowish-brown is held, the main bait of this phase has soya-bean milk, and microparticle eats female life and olaquindox, paedomorphosis to flea shape the second stage of later period When, the tooth worm's ovum of decladding, shellfish ovum and trochophora are put into right amount, and nauplius or the wheel for throwing tooth worm are added by three phase of flea shape Worm.
As present invention further optimization mode, in step f, shrimp seedling when the young is changed into mysis, feeding habits oneself Switch to based on animality, this phase should feed the tooth worm young, and the trochophora and tooth worm's ovum of shellfish feed yolk or manually do particle Bait is removed contamination in time, and daily quantity of exchanged water is deep 1/2 in pond, and water temperature guarantees the method that heating and cooling can be used between 28~30 DEG C Mysis is stimulated to cast off a skin, the amplitude of heating and cooling is between ± 0.5 DEG C daily, and the young enters post larval, and food ration significantly increases, Early period son shrimp (phase of P1~2) every tail can throw the tooth worm young 70~100 daily, when tooth children is insufficient, can feed rubbing and clean Cockles or artificial micro-pellets gradually to cool down daily, daily quantity of exchanged water is no less than 1/2 to young three phase of shrimp.
As present invention further optimization mode, in step e, the method for the shrimp seedling put in a suitable place to breed includes breeding density 150~200 tails/m2, water source is brackish water, water flow velocity 0.15m3/ s, water quality is limpid pollution-free, pH value 7.2, dissolved oxygen 11.5mg/L, 15.5~21.5 DEG C of water temperature;Using at protein feed, the protein content of feed is 40%~45%, wherein animal protein Matter should not be less than 40%~45%, and day feeds 2-4 times.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows: the present invention improve by the method for artificial propagation the survival rate of juvenile prawn, and And different cultivations is carried out according to juvenile prawn different times, and the growth rate of juvenile prawn is substantially increased, the Penaeus Vannmei cultivated out, Meat is delicious, and volume is larger, and protein content is high, and whole breeding method is simply scientific, is worthy to be popularized.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, Obviously, described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based in the present invention Embodiment, every other embodiment obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts, all Belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
The present invention provides a kind of technical solution: a kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method, specific artificial breeding include with Lower step,
A builds nursery pond, and nursery pond pond shape is preferably rectangle, and pond is 1.5 meters -2 meters deep, and pool wall can use reinforced concrete Perfusion is applied with cement, non-leakage, do not crack, and 24 centimetres of tank block wall thickness, pond is 36 centimetres thick every brick wall;
B, parent shrimp rearing, selection is physical strong, and weight is used as seed shrimp in 0.25~0.35kg or more, and body is then by seed shrimp Female-male proportion is put into nursery pond according to 5: 1, and the Suitable Density of parent shrimp rearing is 5~100 tails/m2, water temperature control is 8~17 DEG C, dissolved oxygen 8mg/L or more, 30~50L/s of flow;
C starts the breeding period that mates in seed shrimp, carries out ovum artificial collection, the ovum adopted need to use isotonic solution, they are successively molten In 10L water, pH value 7, and adjust the temperature to 4 DEG C or more and rinse, the Yolk flowed out in ovum is washed away, and remove excessive Bad ovum, ovum skin, clot etc. after the complete water swelling of fertilized eggs, then move into incubator and hatch;
D, hatching management should be protected from light ventilation during entire hatching, prevent vibration and mechanical stimulus;Dead ovum is easily grown simultaneously Unboiled water is mould, therefore needs to arrange to pick ovum operation several times in hatching process;
E puts the seed shrimp after hatching in a suitable place to breed, and pond is put in selection in a suitable place to breed, and the water body of putting in a suitable place to breed is 2.0 meters deep with each Chi Chi, 20~50 cubic metres of water body are advisable;
F, the feeding management of young shrimp and water-changing tube reason.
It further include that antibacterials are added in nursery water in step b, main antibacterials include 0.5~1ppm of terramycin, 1~10ppm of chloramphenicol, nitrofurazone 1ppm, 30~200ppm of nystatin, furazolidone 1ppm.
The isotonic solution is set as NaCl, KCl, CaCl2Mixture, production ratio be 14:6:1.8.
In step f, shrimp seedling adds 10 lis of water in nauplius stage, water temperature control daily simultaneously between 19.5~22 DEG C Rice, after nauplius metamorphosis to zoea, water temperature is gradually raised to 28 DEG C of three phase of flea shape by 22 DEG C of one phase of flea shape, arrives flea shape When the second stage of, water 1/3 or so is changed daily, and aeration quantity is increased to fluidized state, and water colour keeps yellowish-brown, the main bait of this phase has Soya-bean milk, microparticle eat female life and olaquindox, when paedomorphosis the second stage of to flea shape later period, the tooth worm's ovum of appropriate investment decladding, and shellfish Ovum and trochophora add the nauplius or wheel animalcule for throwing tooth worm by three phase of flea shape.
In step f, when the young is changed into mysis, oneself switchs to based on animality feeding habits shrimp seedling, this phase should feed tooth The worm young, the trochophora and tooth worm's ovum of shellfish, feeds yolk or manually does granular bait for fish, remove contamination in time, and daily quantity of exchanged water is The 1/2 of Chi Shen, water temperature guarantee that the method stimulation mysis that heating and cooling can be used between 28~30 DEG C casts off a skin, heating and cooling Amplitude is between ± 0.5 DEG C daily, and the young enters post larval, and food ration significantly increases, and early period son shrimp (phase of P1~2), every tail was daily The tooth worm young 70~100, which can be thrown, can feed when tooth children is insufficient and rub clean Cockles or artificial micro-pellets, To young three phase of shrimp, gradually to cool down daily, daily quantity of exchanged water is no less than 1/2.
In step e, the method for the shrimp seedling put in a suitable place to breed includes 150~200 tails of breeding density/m2, water source is brackish water, Water flow velocity 0.15m3/ s, water quality is limpid pollution-free, pH value 7.2, dissolved oxygen 11.5mg/L, and 15.5~21.5 DEG C of water temperature;Using at egg White matter class feed, the protein content of feed is 40%~45%, and wherein animal protein should not be less than 40%~45%, and day throws It feeds 2-4 times.
It is as follows that the present invention cultivates Penaeus Vannmei parameter table: table 1
It is as follows that tradition cultivates Penaeus Vannmei parameter table: table 2
It to sum up states, the technology that will become apparent from present invention cultivation Penaeus Vannmei by Tables 1 and 2 is more preferable, and the present invention passes through The method of artificial propagation improve the survival rate of juvenile prawn, and different cultivations is carried out according to juvenile prawn different times, mentions significantly The high growth rate of juvenile prawn, the Penaeus Vannmei cultivated out, meat is delicious, and volume is larger, and protein content is high, whole to cultivate Method is simply scientific, is worthy to be popularized.
The above shows and describes the basic principles and main features of the present invention and the advantages of the present invention, for this field skill For art personnel, it is clear that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, and without departing substantially from spirit of the invention or In the case where essential characteristic, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, in all respects, should all incite somebody to action Embodiment regards exemplary as, and is non-limiting, the scope of the present invention by appended claims rather than on state Bright restriction, it is intended that including all changes that fall within the meaning and scope of the equivalent elements of the claims in the present invention It is interior.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art The other embodiments being understood that.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method, it is characterised in that: specifically artificial breeding includes the following steps,
A builds nursery pond, and nursery pond pond shape is preferably rectangle, and pond is 1.5 meters -2 meters deep, and pool wall can be perfused with reinforced concrete, It is applied with cement, non-leakage, do not crack, 24 centimetres of tank block wall thickness, pond is 36 centimetres thick every brick wall;
B, parent shrimp rearing, selection is physical strong, and weight is used as seed shrimp in 0.25~0.35kg or more, and body is then by the male and female of seed shrimp Ratio is put into nursery pond according to 5: 1, and the Suitable Density of parent shrimp rearing is 5~100 tails/m2, water temperature is controlled at 8~17 DEG C, molten Oxygen 8mg/L or more, 30~50L/s of flow;
C starts the breeding period that mates in seed shrimp, carries out ovum artificial collection, and the ovum adopted need to use isotonic solution, they are successively dissolved in In 10L water, pH value 7, and adjust the temperature to 4 DEG C or more and rinse, the Yolk flowed out in ovum is washed away, and remove excessive bad Ovum, ovum skin, clot etc. after the complete water swelling of fertilized eggs, then move into incubator and hatch;
D, hatching management should be protected from light ventilation during entire hatching, prevent vibration and mechanical stimulus;Dead ovum easily breeds water simultaneously It is mould, therefore need to arrange to pick ovum operation several times in hatching process;
E puts the seed shrimp after hatching in a suitable place to breed, and pond is put in selection in a suitable place to breed, and the water body of putting in a suitable place to breed is 2.0 meters deep with each Chi Chi, water body 20~50 cubic metres are advisable;
F, the feeding management of young shrimp and water-changing tube reason.
2. a kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in step b, further include Antibacterials are added in nursery water, main antibacterials include 0.5~1ppm of terramycin, 1~10ppm of chloramphenicol, furans west Woods 1ppm, 30~200ppm of nystatin, furazolidone 1ppm.
3. a kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the isotonic solution is set For NaCl, KCl, CaCl2Mixture, production ratio be 14:6:1.8.
4. a kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in step f, shrimp seedling exists Nauplius stage, water temperature control add 10 centimetres of water daily simultaneously between 19.5~22 DEG C, nauplius metamorphosis to flea shape children After body, water temperature is gradually raised to 28 DEG C of three phase of flea shape by 22 DEG C of one phase of flea shape, when arriving the flea shape second phase, changes water 1/3 or so daily, Aeration quantity is increased to fluidized state, and water colour keeps yellowish-brown, the main bait of this phase has soya-bean milk, and microparticle eats female life and quinoline Ethyl alcohol, when paedomorphosis the second stage of to flea shape later period, the appropriate tooth worm's ovum for putting into decladding, shellfish ovum and trochophora, by flea shape three Phase starts plus throws the nauplius or wheel animalcule of tooth worm.
5. a kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in step f, shrimp seedling is worked as When the young is changed into mysis, oneself switchs to based on animality feeding habits, this phase should feed the tooth worm young, the trochophora of shellfish and Tooth worm's ovum feeds yolk or manually does granular bait for fish, removes contamination in time, and daily quantity of exchanged water is deep 1/2 in pond, and water temperature guarantees 28~ Between 30 DEG C, the method stimulation mysis that heating and cooling can be used casts off a skin, and the amplitude of heating and cooling is between ± 0.5 DEG C daily, children Body enters post larval, and food ration significantly increases, and early period son shrimp (phase of P1~2), every tail can throw the tooth worm young 70~100, tooth daily When young insufficient, it can feed and rub clean Cockles or artificial micro-pellets, to young three phase of shrimp, gradually to drop daily Temperature, daily quantity of exchanged water are no less than 1/2.
6. a kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in step e, the shrimp The method of seedling put in a suitable place to breed includes 150~200 tails of breeding density/m2, water source is brackish water, water flow velocity 0.15m3/ s, water quality are limpid It is pollution-free, pH value 7.2, dissolved oxygen 11.5mg/L, 15.5~21.5 DEG C of water temperature;Using at protein feed, the protein of feed Content is 40%~45%, and wherein animal protein should not be less than 40%~45%, and day feeds 2-4 times.
CN201811019066.XA 2018-09-03 2018-09-03 A kind of artificial breeding of Penaeus vannamei method Withdrawn CN109197715A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112655616A (en) * 2019-12-25 2021-04-16 海南禄泰海洋生物科技有限公司 Industrial litopenaeus vannamei seedling culture method
CN112674002A (en) * 2020-12-26 2021-04-20 海南禄泰海洋生物科技有限公司 Shrimp larva hatching method with high survival rate

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112655616A (en) * 2019-12-25 2021-04-16 海南禄泰海洋生物科技有限公司 Industrial litopenaeus vannamei seedling culture method
CN112674002A (en) * 2020-12-26 2021-04-20 海南禄泰海洋生物科技有限公司 Shrimp larva hatching method with high survival rate

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Application publication date: 20190115