CN109197013A - A kind of red pepper high-yield implantation methods - Google Patents

A kind of red pepper high-yield implantation methods Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109197013A
CN109197013A CN201810740134.5A CN201810740134A CN109197013A CN 109197013 A CN109197013 A CN 109197013A CN 201810740134 A CN201810740134 A CN 201810740134A CN 109197013 A CN109197013 A CN 109197013A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
planting
red pepper
days
soil
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Pending
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CN201810740134.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈高念
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Fuchuan Kai Bang Agricultural Management Department
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Fuchuan Kai Bang Agricultural Management Department
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Priority to CN201810740134.5A priority Critical patent/CN109197013A/en
Publication of CN109197013A publication Critical patent/CN109197013A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/05Fruit crops, e.g. strawberries, tomatoes or cucumbers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of red pepper high-yield implantation methods, comprising the following steps: (1) selects seedbed, presoaking and germinating, sowing, site preparation, field planting, top dressing, irrigation, intertillage and ridging, training and anti-fallen flowers, harvesting.Red pepper high-yield implantation methods of the invention can increase percentage of fertile fruit, and disease prevention, Quality of Capsicum is good, yield is high.

Description

A kind of red pepper high-yield implantation methods
Technical field
The present invention relates to agriculture fields, in particular to arriving a kind of red pepper high-yield implantation methods.
Background technique
Capsicum is not only fresh food vegetables, and even more seasoning good merchantable brand and important natural pigment, pharmaceutical raw material and other industry is former Material.Chilli powder, chilli oil and other chilli products are the traditional converted products in China, and there is certain sound in international market at home Reputation.Capsicum, which contains, maintains internal normal physiological function and enhancing human body resistance and movable a variety of chemical substances, a variety of to the mankind Disease has certain curative effect.Capsaicine is as a kind of medical substance making fast progress in terms of its pharmacological research in recent years so that Capsicum becomes important pharmaceutical raw material.Capsorubin is important natural pigment, and bright in colour, stability is good, does not have to people Side effect, the developed country such as U.S., Japan provide that capsorubin can be used without restriction in food.In addition capsorubin Or the important pigment of coated tablet, capsule and superior cosmetics in medicine.
With capsicum demand it is increasing, improve capsicum quality and yield be known as capsicum production urgent need solve Focal issue.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of red pepper high-yield implantation methods, can increase percentage of fertile fruit, disease prevention, Quality of Capsicum Good, yield height.
To achieve the above object, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: a kind of red pepper high-yield implantation methods, packet Include following steps: (1) selecting seedbed: selection topography is higher, and leeward rich soil on the sunny side makees seedbed, and seedbed is 3-4 meters long, wide 1.2- 1.5 rice.In autumn drought high temperature, bed soil turn over it is roasting shine day, seedbed it is whole it is good after sow before spread one layer of organic fertilizer, disinfection;(2) it soaks seed Vernalization: seed being placed in 54-56 DEG C of warm water and soaked 30 minutes, then seed is put into clear water and is impregnated 7 hours, is discharged postposition 30 Vernalization 3-4 days under the conditions of DEG C, the budding of seed 70% can be broadcasted sowing on seedbed;(3) it sows: every 10 square metres of seeding in nursery bed 50- 100 grams, 0.5-1 mus can be colonized, after planting 1 centimetre of earthing and is watered with water, bed soil is not dry backward does not water, and becomes a fine day 6-7 days Emergence, bed temperature can maintain 25-28 DEG C daytime, and seedling stage bed soil is shown in dry watering in time, and can spread dry ground rainy days reduces humidity, seedling the A piece of true leaf starts thinning after occurring, whens 2 true leaves can impose the urea of 0.1%-0.2% or the decomposed cleaning up excrement water of 10%-20% or Biogas slurry, when 2-3 piece true leaf, are divided into seedlings in time, by 8-12 centimetres of spacing, double plants of group planting;(4) it is planted when site preparation using zanjon high ridge, compartment 1.2-1.5 meters wide, 30-40 kilograms of basal dressing phosphate fertilizer, 20-30 kilograms of potash fertilizer, 25-30 kilograms of compound fertilizer make base when in conjunction with site preparation It is fertile to apply deeply, then open compartment, overlay film field planting;(5) it is colonized: in warm fine day, selecting that foot is short, stem thickness is strong, internode is short, uprightly without curved Bent, dark green leaf color healthy and strong Seeding planting crop field sufficiently drenched bed soil in the field planting day before yesterday, and mostly band puts soil as far as possible when seedling taking, The depth of planting is native together with seedling cotyledon, is watered with root water, or application loose stool water or 1%-2% urea after field planting immediately, uses 1.2-1.5 manages compartment to ditch, and compartment face plants 2-3 row, and 25-30 centimetres of spacing in the rows, mu plants 3000-4000 plants;(6) it top dressing: is chased after after field planting Fertilizer, 5-10 kgs/acre of night soil or the compound fertilizer that 20%-30% was applied every 7 days or so are primary, can not inclined nitrogen fertilizer application, yield positive results Afterwards, will ditch heavy dressing fertilizer, and mu applies 15 kilograms of compound fertilizers, and later fruit picking is primary, and top dressing is primary, can use Chinese mugwort shield plant vaccine 50-800 Times liquid sprays or 0.5% urea adds 0.2%-0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate to carry out foliage spray;(7) it irrigates: irrigating root water after field planting, Hereafter see dry watering, water is suitably controlled before blooming, big hypertrophy water after yielding positive results;(7) intertillage and ridging: carrying out early period in growth, In conjunction with weeds in field is removed, 5-6 centimetres of depth is intertilled, intertillage can be relatively deep when 30 centimetres of height of seedling or so, peppery with 10-12 centimetres Pepper plant is tall and big, and pillar can be found after cultivation and banking;(8) training and anti-fallen flowers: long red pepper class, row Netted melon only retain bifurcated, Beating goes the following side shoot of bifurcated to can promote the growth of top branches and leaves and yield positive results, and pimento veriety uses double rod pruning method, is formed Dichotomy retains bifurcated and the first side shoot, following side shoot and all removes, and minority is pruned with three stalks, reservation bifurcated, and first, the Two side shoots;(9) harvesting: harvesting when 15-20 days pericarps of blossom fall turn emerald green cyan, primary every harvesting in 2-3 days, adopts frequently adopt less, adopt It stays less more.
It further illustrates, sterilization method is to spray bed soil with 200-250 times of formalin to dissipate after covering 5-7 days to flavour of a drug To the greatest extent, it can sow.
It further illustrates, feeding block seedlings raising or floating seedlings can be used to prevent low temperature cold damage when temperature reduces when sowing.
It further illustrates, before the irrigation selects 10 points of the fine day morning, is carried out after at 5 points in afternoon.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects: can increase percentage of fertile fruit, disease prevention, Quality of Capsicum Good, yield height.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, present invention is further described in detail, but does not limit the scope of the invention And application range:
A kind of red pepper high-yield implantation methods, comprising the following steps: (1) select seedbed: selection topography is higher, leeward fertile soil on the sunny side Earth makees seedbed, and seedbed is 3-4 meters long, 1.2-1.5 meters wide.In autumn drought high temperature, bed soil turn over it is roasting shine day, seedbed it is whole it is good after sow Before spread one layer of organic fertilizer, disinfection;Sterilization method is that bed soil is sprayed with 200-250 times of formalin, after covering 5-7 days, to flavour of a drug It disperses, can sow.(2) presoaking and germinating: seed being placed in 54-56 DEG C of warm water and soaked 30 minutes, and kill is attached on seed Fraction of pathogens bacterium, then seed is put into clear water and is impregnated 7 hours, vernalization 3-4 days under the conditions of 30 DEG C of postposition of water outlet, seed 70% goes out Bud can be broadcasted sowing on seedbed;(3) sow: every 50-100 grams of 10 square metres of seeding in nursery bed can be colonized 0.5-1 mus, after planting 1 centimetre of earthing is simultaneously watered with water, and bed soil is not dry backward does not water, and becoming a fine day 6-7 days can emerge, seedling stage of red pepper seedling stage slow growth, and More sensitive to low temperature, bed temperature can maintain 25-28 DEG C daytime, cover straw screen or mat when necessary or carry out nursery with plastics Small plastic shed, sow When temperature reduce when feeding block seedlings raising or floating seedlings can be used to prevent low temperature cold damage.Seedling stage bed soil is shown in dry watering in time, overcast and rainy It, which can spread dry ground, reduces humidity, and soil moisture is excessive to will cause rotten or introduced disease, and seedling rough leaf starts after occurring Thinning, whens 2 true leaves, can impose the urea of 0.1%-0.2% or the decomposed cleaning up excrement water or biogas slurry of 10%-20%, when 2-3 piece true leaf and When be divided into seedlings, by 8-12 centimetres of spacing, double plants of group planting;(4) it is planted when site preparation using zanjon high ridge, with sharp row irrigation, the wide 1.2- in compartment 1.5 meters, 30-40 kilograms of basal dressing phosphate fertilizer, 20-30 kilograms of potash fertilizer, 25-30 kilograms of compound fertilizer are made base manure when in conjunction with site preparation and are applied deeply, Then compartment, overlay film field planting are opened;(5) be colonized: in warm fine day, select foot is short, stem thickness is strong, internode is short, uprightly without being bent, leaf color Dark green healthy and strong Seeding planting crop field sufficiently drenched bed soil in the field planting day before yesterday, mostly band point soil as far as possible when seedling taking, with reduction The damage of root, the depth of planting is native together with seedling cotyledon, is watered with root water, or application loose stool water or 1%-2% after field planting immediately Urea is ditched using 1.2-1.5 and manages compartment, and compartment face plants 2-3 row, and 25-30 centimetres of spacing in the rows, mu plants 3000-4000 plants;(6) top dressing: Top dressing after field planting, promotes root of hair and slow seedling, and the night soil or compound fertilizer 5- of 20%-30% were applied in advantageous cauline leaf growth every 7 days or so 10 kgs/acre are primary, can not inclined nitrogen fertilizer application, after yielding positive results, will ditch heavy dressing fertilizer, and mu applies 15 kilograms of compound fertilizers, later fruit picking Once, top dressing is primary, can with Chinese mugwort shield 50-800 times of liquid of plant vaccine spray or 0.5% urea add 0.2%-0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate into Row foliage spray;(7) it irrigates: irrigating root water after field planting, hereafter see dry watering, water is suitably controlled before blooming, it is big after yielding positive results Loose water;Before the irrigation selects 10 points of the fine day morning, carried out after at 5 points in afternoon.(7) it intertillage and ridging: is carried out early period in growth, knot It closes and removes weeds in field, intertillage is preferably shallowly unsuitable deep, in order to avoid damaging root system, 5-6 centimetres of depth is intertilled, when 30 centimetres of height of seedling or so Intertillage can be relatively deep, and with 10-12 centimetres, pepper plant is tall and big, and pillar can be found after cultivation and banking to be prevented from lodging;(8) training with it is anti-fall Flower: long red pepper class, row Netted melon only retain bifurcated, and beating the following side shoot of bifurcated can promote the growth of top branches and leaves and knot of blooming Fruit, pimento veriety use double rod pruning method, form dichotomy, retain bifurcated and the first side shoot, following side shoot all remove, It is a small number of to be pruned with three stalks, retain bifurcated, the first, second side shoot;(9) it harvests: being adopted when 15-20 days pericarps of blossom fall turn emerald green cyan Receive, it is primary every harvesting in 2-3 days, adopt less it is diligent adopt, adopt and stay less more, pressed and set with fruit, the extension effective assimilation time of blade, raising total yield Amount.
The above content is a further detailed description of the present invention in conjunction with specific preferred embodiments, and it cannot be said that Specific implementation of the invention is only limited to these instructions.For those of ordinary skill in the art to which the present invention belongs, exist Several equivalent substitute or obvious modifications are made under the premise of not departing from present inventive concept, and performance or use is identical, all should It is considered as belonging to present invention scope of patent protection determined by the appended claims.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of red pepper high-yield implantation methods, which comprises the following steps: (1) select seedbed: selection topography is higher, back The rich soil of wind direction sun makees seedbed, and seedbed is 3-4 meters long, 1.2-1.5 meters wide.In autumn drought high temperature, bed soil carries out turning over roasting solarization day, Seedbed it is whole it is good after sow before spread one layer of organic fertilizer, disinfection;(2) presoaking and germinating: seed is placed in 54-56 DEG C of warm water and soaks 30 points Clock, then seed is put into clear water and is impregnated 7 hours, vernalization 3-4 days under the conditions of 30 DEG C of postposition of water outlet, the budding of seed 70% can be spread It is sowed on seedbed;(3) sow: every 50-100 grams of 10 square metres of seeding in nursery bed can be colonized 0.5-1 mus, after planting 1 centimetre of earthing And it is watered with water, bed soil is not dry backward does not water, and becoming a fine day 6-7 days can emerge, and bed temperature can maintain 25-28 DEG C daytime, seedling stage bed soil See dry watering in time, can spread dry ground rainy days reduces humidity, and seedling rough leaf starts thinning after occurring, and whens 2 true leaves can Impose the urea of 0.1%-0.2% or the decomposed cleaning up excrement water or biogas slurry of 10%-20%, when 2-3 piece true leaf is divided into seedlings in time, by spacing 8-12 Centimetre, double plants of group planting;(4) it is planted when site preparation using zanjon high ridge, compartment is 1.2-1.5 meters wide, 30-40 kilograms of basal dressing phosphate fertilizer, potassium Fertile 20-30 kilograms, 25-30 kilograms of compound fertilizer, make base manure when in conjunction with site preparation and apply deeply, then open compartment, overlay film field planting;(5) it is colonized: Warm fine day, select foot is short, stem thickness is strong, internode is short, uprightly without being bent, the healthy and strong Seeding planting crop field of dark green leaf color, fixed The day before yesterday is planted, bed soil is sufficiently drenched, mostly band puts soil as far as possible when seedling taking, and the depth of planting is native together with seedling cotyledon, after field planting immediately It is watered with root water, or application loose stool water or 1%-2% urea, is ditched using 1.2-1.5 and manages compartment, compartment face plants 2-3 row, spacing in the rows 25-30 centimetres, mu plants 3000-4000 plants;(6) top dressing: the night soil or multiple of 20%-30% was applied in top dressing after field planting every 7 days or so 5-10 kgs/acre of Hefei is primary, can not inclined nitrogen fertilizer application, after yielding positive results, will ditch heavy dressing fertilizer, and mu applies 15 kilograms of compound fertilizers, with Fruit picking is primary afterwards, and top dressing is primary, can be sprayed with Chinese mugwort shield 50-800 times of liquid of plant vaccine or 0.5% urea adds 0.2%-0.3% di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen potassium carries out foliage spray;(7) it irrigates: irrigating root water after field planting, hereafter see dry watering, water is suitably controlled before blooming, knot of blooming Big hypertrophy water after fruit;(7) intertillage and ridging: carrying out in growth, in conjunction with weeds in field is removed, intertill 5-6 centimetres of depth early period, to Intertillage can be relatively deep at 30 centimetres of height of seedling or so, and with 10-12 centimetres, pepper plant is tall and big, and pillar can be found after cultivation and banking;(8) whole Branch and anti-fallen flowers: long red pepper class, row Netted melon only retain bifurcated, and beating the following side shoot of bifurcated can promote the growth of top branches and leaves With yield positive results, pimento veriety uses double rod pruning method, forms dichotomy, retains bifurcated and the first side shoot, following side shoot All remove, it is a small number of to be pruned with three stalks, retain bifurcated, the first, second side shoot;(9) it harvests: turning kingfisher in 15-20 days pericarps of blossom fall Harvested when cyan, it is primary every harvesting in 2-3 days, adopt less it is diligent adopt, adopt stay less it is more.
2. a kind of red pepper high-yield implantation methods according to claim 1, which is characterized in that sterilization method is to use 200-250 Times formalin sprinkling bed soil disperses to flavour of a drug, can sow after covering 5-7 day.
3. a kind of red pepper high-yield implantation methods according to claim 1, which is characterized in that can be adopted when temperature reduces when sowing With feeding block seedlings raising or floating seedlings to prevent low temperature cold damage.
4. a kind of red pepper high-yield implantation methods according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fine day morning 10 is selected in the irrigation Before point, carried out after at 5 points in afternoon.
CN201810740134.5A 2018-07-07 2018-07-07 A kind of red pepper high-yield implantation methods Pending CN109197013A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109757319A (en) * 2019-04-01 2019-05-17 甘肃省农业科学院 A kind of dedicated guarantor's flower liniment of capsicum hybrid seeding and its application
CN110249928A (en) * 2019-07-19 2019-09-20 青海省农林科学院 A method of improving capsicum fruit-setting rate
CN110583391A (en) * 2019-10-23 2019-12-20 武威市农业科学研究院 Green ecological prevention and control cultivation method for pepper phytophthora blight

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015129841A1 (en) * 2014-02-28 2015-09-03 味の素株式会社 Agricultural and horticultural composition and method for cultivating plant
CN106576720A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-04-26 凤台县牧碧农业发展有限公司 High-yield chili pepper planting method

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015129841A1 (en) * 2014-02-28 2015-09-03 味の素株式会社 Agricultural and horticultural composition and method for cultivating plant
CN106576720A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-04-26 凤台县牧碧农业发展有限公司 High-yield chili pepper planting method

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109757319A (en) * 2019-04-01 2019-05-17 甘肃省农业科学院 A kind of dedicated guarantor's flower liniment of capsicum hybrid seeding and its application
CN110249928A (en) * 2019-07-19 2019-09-20 青海省农林科学院 A method of improving capsicum fruit-setting rate
CN110583391A (en) * 2019-10-23 2019-12-20 武威市农业科学研究院 Green ecological prevention and control cultivation method for pepper phytophthora blight

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Application publication date: 20190115