CN109183750A - A kind of novel oil absorption equipment - Google Patents

A kind of novel oil absorption equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109183750A
CN109183750A CN201810852084.XA CN201810852084A CN109183750A CN 109183750 A CN109183750 A CN 109183750A CN 201810852084 A CN201810852084 A CN 201810852084A CN 109183750 A CN109183750 A CN 109183750A
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China
Prior art keywords
oil
oil absorption
hours
mrf
novel oil
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CN201810852084.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109183750B (en
Inventor
钱正楠
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Yancheng De Zheng Machinery Co Ltd
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Yancheng De Zheng Machinery Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J20/00Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof
    • B01J20/02Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof comprising inorganic material
    • B01J20/20Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof comprising inorganic material comprising free carbon; comprising carbon obtained by carbonising processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J20/00Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof
    • B01J20/28Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof characterised by their form or physical properties
    • B01J20/28002Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof characterised by their form or physical properties characterised by their physical properties
    • B01J20/28009Magnetic properties
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • E02B15/101Means floating loosely on the water absorbing the oil
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2220/00Aspects relating to sorbent materials
    • B01J2220/40Aspects relating to the composition of sorbent or filter aid materials
    • B01J2220/42Materials comprising a mixture of inorganic materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2220/00Aspects relating to sorbent materials
    • B01J2220/40Aspects relating to the composition of sorbent or filter aid materials
    • B01J2220/48Sorbents characterised by the starting material used for their preparation
    • B01J2220/4806Sorbents characterised by the starting material used for their preparation the starting material being of inorganic character
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2220/00Aspects relating to sorbent materials
    • B01J2220/40Aspects relating to the composition of sorbent or filter aid materials
    • B01J2220/48Sorbents characterised by the starting material used for their preparation
    • B01J2220/4812Sorbents characterised by the starting material used for their preparation the starting material being of organic character
    • B01J2220/4825Polysaccharides or cellulose materials, e.g. starch, chitin, sawdust, wood, straw, cotton
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/204Keeping clear the surface of open water from oil spills

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of novel oil absorption equipment, and specifically, the novel oil absorption equipment includes a kind of novel oil absorption cotton, the raw material of the novel oil absorption cotton are paddy rice bran, fast, suitable industry or marine use are adsorbed in novel oil absorption cotton large amount of adsorption provided by the invention, up to 32 times self weights;Cleaning, it is light, quickly;Reusable, property is stablized, and chemical reaction, safety and environmental protection do not occur with pollutant, not combustion-supporting, and without putrefaction or mouldy, high temperature, which incinerate ashes, only Yus 0.01%.

Description

A kind of novel oil absorption equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of petroleum machinery, a kind of particularly novel oil absorption equipment.
Background technique
Marine oil spill accident constantly occurred in recent years, either oil tanker accident or offshore oilfield leakage, great each time Oil spill accident pollution effect caused by ocean is all difficult to the appraisal.After crude oil leaks to ocean, oil film is covered across the sea, Weaken the gas exchanges of ocean and atmosphere, influence the photosynthesis of sea-plant, the entire marine eco-environment is formed and is destroyed; Meanwhile petroleum pollution can interfere the abilities such as the ingesting, breed, growing of biology, the chemotaxis of behavior and biology.In addition, petroleum Itself or carcinogenic, mutagenic matter.
And the ecocatastrophe as the marine oil spill accident will become intractable fiber crops to the processing of leakage petroleum after occur Tired, in the work of removing contamination after the oil accident of Dalian, in the case where lacking basic safeguard, fishermen salvages stone with bucket Oil, the lower means of these technology contents show very effective effect, but cost is equally high, the fisherman and worker to remove contamination Lack basic safeguard, be exposed in volatile organic compounds VOC and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon environment for a long time, health status all by To different degrees of damage.
With scientific and technological progress, physics, chemistry and biological degradation method are more and more used to handle oil accident, the above method It is each advantageous, but have the defects that different degrees of in practical operation, such as to enclose the oil process scope of application very wide for physics, but by weather The influence of factor is bigger, and visibility is too low and other bad meteorological conditions can all limit going on smoothly for oil removing work, and And it is also required to operator and is exposed to pollution environment;Chemical dispersant itself is toxic, can cause secondary pollution to ocean;Directly throw Putting microbial degradation petroleum, time-consuming, and is only good at handling relatively thin oil reservoir.
The present invention provides a kind of novel oil absorption equipment, incorporates physics and biological oil removing method, and oil removal efficiency is high, environmental-friendly And crude oil can be recycled.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of novel oil absorption equipment.
The present invention is realized with following technical solution:
A kind of novel oil absorption equipment, the novel oil absorption equipment includes oil absorbent material, and the raw material of the oil absorbent material are paddy rice bran.
Further, specific preparation process is as follows for the oil absorbent material:
Step 1: be placed in 50ml ethyl alcohol together after the 100g paddy rice bran to sterilize is blended to 100 mesh with 30g Fe (NO3) 3, 20 minutes drying 2 hours at 65 DEG C are impregnated, the paddy rice bran after drying is placed in 700 DEG C of nitrogen atmosphere tubular types with Fe (NO3) 3 It is carbonized 2 hours in furnace, heating rate is 5 DEG C/min, and the product of acquisition is named as magnetic paddy fiber carbon material MRF, MRF is used 0.2 mol/L carbonyl sulfur scrubber is after five minutes, 2 hours dry under the conditions of 65 DEG C, obtains pre-product MRF-T;
Step 2: graphene oxide solution is added in MRF-T;
Step 3: 50g MRF-T is placed in 5% graphene oxide solution, 2 hours are reacted in 125 DEG C, in reaction process always Reaction temperature after being placed in mold, is reduced to 25 DEG C and stayed overnight by stirring, and product distilled water precipitates 2 hours, obtains novel suction The shape of oily cotton, environment-friendly type novel oil absorption cotton is determined by mold.
Further, the graphene oxide solution is used in combination the preparation method is as follows: natural graphite is dispersed in sulfuric acid Sodium nitrate solution dissolution, is then added potassium permanganate thereto, and after standing 12 hours, solution is mixed with hydrogen peroxide to remove Potassium permanganate, being placed in a centrifuge dissociates solution and forms distilled water and graphene oxide, finally cleans graphene oxide, adjusts PH level is saved to 6.5 acquisition graphene oxide solutions.
Novel oil absorption cotton large amount of adsorption provided by the invention, up to 32 times self weights, absorption is fast, industry or sea is suitble to make With;Cleaning, it is light, quickly;Reusable, property is stablized, and chemical reaction, safety and environmental protection does not occur with pollutant, does not help Combustion, without putrefaction or mouldy, high temperature, which incinerate ashes, only Yus 0.01%.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the intelligent oil machinery of the present invention for offshore oil-removal,
Fig. 2 is the top view under intelligent oil machinery oil suction module working condition of the present invention.
Wherein, 1- oil suction module, 2- intelligent object, 3- drive module, 4- recycling can, 11- solar storage battery, 12- can Alternate form bioreactor, 13- oil suction storehouse, 14- electric pushrod, 15- rotating electric machine, 16- novel oil absorption cotton, 17- oil scavenge pump, 18- valve, 21- position sensor, 22- optical sensor, the left electric motor of 31-, the right electric motor of 32- left-hand airscrew, 33-, 34- right-hand screw paddle.
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, the present invention will be made below further detailed Description.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, it is that a kind of intelligent oil is mechanical that the present invention, which provides novel oil absorption equipment, the intelligent oil machinery includes stone Oily descaling machine ontology, petroleum descaling machine ontology be respectively arranged with from top to bottom oil suction module 1, intelligent object 2, drive module 3 and Recycling can 4.It is provided with solar storage battery 11 at the top of the oil suction module 1, it is anti-that replaceable biology is provided in central axis direction Answer device 12, replaceable 12 surrounding of bioreactor is evenly arranged with eight groups of oil suction storehouses 13 respectively, in each oil suction storehouse 13 Portion is provided with an electric pushrod 14, and 14 end of electric pushrod is connected with rotating electric machine 15, and rotating electric machine 15 drives novel oil absorption Cotton 16 carries out rotary motion, and 13 outer wall of oil suction storehouse is provided with electronic hatch door, and oil suction storehouse 13 passes through oil scavenge pump 17 and replaceable life Object reactor 12 is connected, and the replaceable bioreactor 12 includes bioreactor ontology, filler and is attached on filler Microorganism, replaceable bioreactor periodically takes out, and carries out rejuvenation and supplement, replaceable life to its Internal biological filler Object reactor bottom is provided with valve 18, and intelligence control system, position sensor 21 and optical sensing are provided in intelligent object 2 Device 22, drive module 3 are provided with left electric motor 31, left-hand airscrew 32, right electric motor 33, right-hand screw paddle 34 and left and right each one Flowing hole, flowing hole are used to reduce resistance when equipment moves in water, and 18 bottom of valve has a pipeline to be connected to recycling can 4.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the workflow of intelligent oil machinery is as follows:
Intelligent oil machinery is placed on oil pollution sea first, under original state, oil suction module is in collapsed state.Into After entering working condition, intelligence control system starts to send instruction, drives eight groups of oil suction storehouses to open electronic hatch door, electric pushrod will be new Type oil absorbent material release oil suction storehouse, under the driving of rotating electric machine, novel oil absorption cotton low speed rotation, to the leakage petroleum on sea into Row cleaning.
Meanwhile under the feedback of position sensor and optical sensor, intelligence control system control left electric motor and/or Right electric motor drives left-hand airscrew and/or right-hand screw paddle, drives intelligent oil machinery mobile to the pollution sea area closed on, after Continuous oil suction work.
When novel oil absorption cotton at full capacity after, intelligence control system drive electric pushrod by novel oil absorption cotton withdraw oil suction storehouse, The electronic hatch door for closing oil suction storehouse, under the driving of rotating electric machine, novel oil absorption cotton revolution at a high speed, petroleum in oil absorbent material from It is detached from novel oil absorption cotton under the action of mental and physical efforts, flows back into oil suction orlop portion, then enters under the driving of oil scavenge pump replaceable Bioreactor, novel oil absorption cotton releases again after de-oiling, continues cleaning work, leaks petroleum then in replaceable biology It is degraded in reactor by microorganism, bottom valve is controlled opening by intelligence control system, and product flows through pipeline to recycling can Interior storage.
Rose monad (Roseomonas mucosa), simple pole are provided in the replaceable bioreactor Bacterium (Latin Name Arthrobacter simplex (Jensen) Lochhead), red sea bacillus (Rhodomarinobactersp.nov), Xanthomonas campestris (Xanthomonas oryzae), ice are dwelt Psychrobacter (Psychrobacter glacincola), the island Bo Ku alkane eating bacteria (Alcanivorax borkumensis), calcium acetate not lever Bacterium (Acinetobacter calcoaceticus), fecal bacteria (Acineto bacter faecalis), methyl Campylobacter spp (Methylosinus), Methyldmonas (Methylomonas), Methylobacterium (Methylobacterium), mycobacterium (Mycobacterium), Nocard's bacillus (Nocardia), sarcina (Sarcina), Flavobacterium (Flavobacterium) Mixture, the island Bo Ku alkane eating bacteria strain dry powder accounting 60%, other strain dry powder equal proportions are put after being mixed to logarithmic phase initial stage It is placed in reactor, above-mentioned strain is purchased from CGMCC or ATCC, by guidance method rejuvenation culture.
Embodiment 3: preparation environment-friendly type novel oil absorption cotton
The novel oil absorption equipment includes novel oil absorption cotton, and the novel oil absorption cotton is environment-friendly type novel oil absorption cotton.The environmental protection Type novel oil absorption cotton raw material are paddy rice bran, and paddy is China's the first generalized grain kind, produce 1.85 hundred million tons or so per year at present, account for The 42% of national total output of grain.Rice yield accounts for the 37% of total output of grain in the world.Rice bran is mainly by the kind skin of paddy, kind What skin, perisperm, aleurone and embryo were processed into, therefore a small amount of rice husk and a certain amount of dust can be infiltrated in process And microorganism can not utmostly play its economic benefit so being only used for feed.The novel suction of environment-friendly type provided by the invention The raw material that oily cotton uses are the paddy rice bran that paddy processing is eliminated in the process, the specific steps are as follows:
Step 1: magnetic carbon material uses paddy rice bran as carbon silicon raw material, the 100g paddy rice bran to sterilize is blended to 100 mesh Afterwards with 30g Fe (NO3)3It is placed in 50ml ethyl alcohol together, 20 minutes drying 2 hours at 65 DEG C is impregnated, by the paddy after drying Rice bran and Fe (NO3)3It is placed in 700 DEG C of nitrogen atmosphere tube furnaces and is carbonized 2 hours, heating rate is 5 DEG C/min.The product of acquisition It is named as magnetic paddy fiber carbon material (abbreviation MRF material).After five minutes with 0.2 mol/L carbonyl sulfur scrubber by MRF, 65 DEG C of items It is 2 hours dry under part, obtain pre-product MRF-T.
Step 2, in MRF-T be added graphene oxide solution (GO), graphene oxide solution the preparation method is as follows: With reference to the method for Hummers, natural graphite is dispersed in sulfuric acid and is dissolved with sodium nitrate solution, Gao Meng is then added thereto Sour potassium mixes solution to remove potassium permanganate with hydrogen peroxide after standing 12 hours, and being placed in a centrifuge makes solution dissociation simultaneously Distilled water and graphene oxide are formed, graphene oxide is finally cleaned, adjusts pH level to 6.5 acquisition GO solution.
Step 3: 50g MRF-T is placed in 5% GO solution, reacts 2 hours in 125 DEG C, stirred always in reaction process It mixes, after being placed in mold, reaction temperature is reduced to 25 DEG C and is stayed overnight, product distilled water precipitates 2 hours, and it is new to obtain environment-friendly type The shape of type oil absorbent material, environment-friendly type novel oil absorption cotton is determined by mold, can be customized according to specifically used scene.
Embodiment 4: preparation environment-friendly type novel oil absorption cotton performance detection
Oil absorbing effect test is carried out using the different oil product of four kinds of viscositys such as soya-bean oil, lubricating oil, diesel oil, olive oil, test includes The oil suction multiplying power of environment-friendly type novel oil absorption cotton and other three kinds of commercially available oil absorption materials, test 1(environment-friendly type novel oil absorption cotton), test The commercially available brand of 2(), test the commercially available brand of 3(), test the commercially available brand of 4(), test result is shown in Table 1.
Table 1 oil suction multiplying power (g/g) test result
Oil product Test 1 Test 2 Test 3 Test 4
Diesel oil 32.73 15.37 14.38 15.63
Soya-bean oil 32.32 15.34 12.43 19.36
Lubricating oil 36.42 29.49 13.93 26.38
Olive oil 41.03 19.75 10.58 17.47
The experimental results showed that environment-friendly type novel oil absorption cotton oil suction multiplying power provided by the invention is significantly higher than other three kinds of commercially available products Board, this is because rough wave structure is presented in environment-friendly type novel oil absorption cotton surface, such a structure increases specific surfaces Product, is more advantageous to the storage of the absorption of oil plant, environment-friendly type novel oil absorption cotton is up to 134 DEG C, and environment-friendly type to the contact angle of water The water droplet two on novel oil absorption cotton surface directly keeps spherical until drying, shows that its hydrophobicity is high, with the different property as sponge.
Since oil spill accident Growth season is different, so also needing to investigate influence of the temperature to overlay film-CVL oil absorbency, institute It is diesel oil with oil product, as a result see Table 2 for details.
Influence (g/g) of 2 temperature of table to overlay film-CVL oil absorbency
Temperature 1℃ 5℃ 10℃ 15℃ 20℃ 25℃
Oil suction multiplying power 28.86 27.41 30.15 29.13 28.34 31.67
As shown in Table 2, temperature has certain influence to overlay film-CVL oil absorbing effect but influences not significant.
The above disclosure is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, cannot limit the right model of the present invention with this certainly It encloses, therefore equivalent changes made in accordance with the claims of the present invention, is still within the scope of the present invention.
The above disclosure is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, cannot limit the right model of the present invention with this certainly It encloses, therefore equivalent changes made in accordance with the claims of the present invention, is still within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of novel oil absorption equipment, which is characterized in that the novel oil absorption equipment includes oil absorbent material, the former material of the oil absorbent material Material is paddy rice bran.
2. oil suction equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that specific preparation process is as follows for the oil absorbent material:
Step 1: by 100g sterilize paddy rice bran blend to 100 mesh after with 30g Fe (NO3)3It is placed in 50ml ethyl alcohol together, 20 minutes drying 2 hours at 65 DEG C are impregnated, by the paddy rice bran and Fe (NO after drying3)3It is placed in 700 DEG C of nitrogen atmosphere tubular types It is carbonized 2 hours in furnace, heating rate is 5 DEG C/min, and the product of acquisition is named as magnetic paddy fiber carbon material MRF, MRF is used 0.2 mol/L carbonyl sulfur scrubber is after five minutes, 2 hours dry under the conditions of 65 DEG C, obtains pre-product MRF-T;
Step 2: graphene oxide solution is added in MRF-T;
Step 3: 50g MRF-T is placed in 5% graphene oxide solution, 2 hours are reacted in 125 DEG C, in reaction process always Reaction temperature after being placed in mold, is reduced to 25 DEG C and stayed overnight by stirring, and product distilled water precipitates 2 hours, obtains novel suction The shape of oily cotton, environment-friendly type novel oil absorption cotton is determined by mold.
3. oil suction equipment according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the preparation method of the graphene oxide solution is such as Under: natural graphite is dispersed in sulfuric acid and is dissolved with sodium nitrate solution, potassium permanganate is then added thereto, stands 12 hours Afterwards, solution is mixed with hydrogen peroxide to remove potassium permanganate, being placed in a centrifuge dissociates solution and form distilled water and oxygen Graphite alkene finally cleans graphene oxide, adjusts pH level to 6.5 acquisition graphene oxide solutions.
CN201810852084.XA 2018-07-30 2018-07-30 Oil absorption equipment Active CN109183750B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109319944A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-02-12 盐城德正机械有限公司 A kind of environmental-friendly oil degradation is mechanical
CN110339621A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-10-18 江苏首盾耐磨材料有限公司 A kind of oil plant separator for wear-resistant material

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CN107141415A (en) * 2017-06-01 2017-09-08 合肥创沃科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of graphene dip-coating kapok fiber oil absorption material
CN107619500A (en) * 2017-09-17 2018-01-23 钱景 A kind of graphene salix monogolica konjaku magnetic composite and preparation method thereof

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CN103623776A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-03-12 重庆工商大学 Method for preparing iron-based magnetic activated carbon by catalytic activation of radix puerariae waste residue with compound enzyme
CN104047071A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-09-17 扬州大学 Preparation method for magnetic active carbon fibers
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109319944A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-02-12 盐城德正机械有限公司 A kind of environmental-friendly oil degradation is mechanical
CN110339621A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-10-18 江苏首盾耐磨材料有限公司 A kind of oil plant separator for wear-resistant material

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