CN109173532B - Electric automatization dust collecting equipment - Google Patents

Electric automatization dust collecting equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109173532B
CN109173532B CN201811145623.2A CN201811145623A CN109173532B CN 109173532 B CN109173532 B CN 109173532B CN 201811145623 A CN201811145623 A CN 201811145623A CN 109173532 B CN109173532 B CN 109173532B
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China
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dust
box
plate
water tank
water
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CN109173532A (en
Inventor
赵浩
刘青松
王殿梁
方珊
聂曼
王璇
郑晓辉
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Jiaxing University
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Jiaxing University
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of devices for separating particles from gases or vapours

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of electric automatic dust removal, and discloses an electric automatic dust removal device which comprises a bottom plate, wherein an electrostatic dust removal box, a dust filtering box, a dust washing box and a suction fan are fixedly connected to the upper surface of the bottom plate, an output port of the suction fan is fixedly communicated with an air inlet formed in the dust filtering box through a pipeline, a dust filtering net is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the dust filtering box, a first water tank is fixedly connected to the top of the dust filtering box, a first water pump is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the bottom of the first water tank, the output end of the first water pump is fixedly communicated with a water pipe, a plurality of water distribution pipes are fixedly communicated to the pipe wall of the water pipe, and one ends of the water distribution pipes, far away from the water pipe, penetrate through the bottom of the first water tank and the top of the dust filtering box through holes and. This electric automatization dust collecting equipment can carry out the multistage dust removal, need not take off the dust collecting plate when the dust of adhesion on the clearance dust collecting plate, and it is comparatively convenient to clear up the dust.

Description

Electric automatization dust collecting equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of electric automatic dust removing equipment, in particular to electric automatic dust removing equipment.
Background
The electric dust removing equipment is used for removing the pollutants such as micro-particles, harmful air, bacteria and the like in the air in a certain space range, and controlling the indoor temperature, cleanliness, indoor pressure, air flow speed, air flow distribution, noise vibration, illumination and static electricity within a certain required range.
Present dust collecting equipment form is single, can not be better carry out multistage dust removal, and can the more dust of adhesion on current electrostatic precipitator's the collecting plate, thereby cover the surface of collecting plate, influence the electric field strength of the electric field that forms between collecting plate and the discharge electrode easily, and then can reduce device's dust removal quality, simultaneously when the clearance to collecting plate, most need open whole device and take off the collecting plate again and clear up, inconvenience very, work efficiency has been influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the electric automatic dust removal equipment which has the advantages of multi-stage dust removal, no need of taking down the dust collection plate when the dust adhered to the dust collection plate is cleaned, convenience in cleaning and the like, and solves the problems that the multi-stage dust removal cannot be carried out, the whole device needs to be opened to clean the dust collection plate after the dust collection plate is cleaned, the inconvenience is very high, and the working efficiency is influenced.
(II) technical scheme
In order to realize the multi-stage dust removal, the invention provides the following technical scheme that the dust collecting plate does not need to be taken down when the dust on the dust collecting plate is cleaned: an electric automatic dedusting device comprises a bottom plate, wherein an electrostatic dedusting box, a dust filtering box, a dust washing box and a suction fan are fixedly connected to the upper surface of the bottom plate, an output port of the suction fan is fixedly communicated with an air inlet formed in the dust filtering box through a pipeline, a dust filtering net is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the dust filtering box, a first water tank is fixedly connected to the top of the dust filtering box, a first water pump is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the bottom of the first water tank, the output end of the first water pump is fixedly communicated with a water pipe, a plurality of water distribution pipes are fixedly communicated with the pipe wall of the water pipe, one ends of the water distribution pipes, far away from the water pipe, penetrate through the bottom of the first water tank and the top of the dust filtering box through holes and extend into the dust filtering box, a sprayer is connected to one ends of the water distribution pipes, which are positioned in the dust filtering box, and fixedly connected to an air inlet pipe opening formed in, the top end outer wall of the electrostatic dust removal box is fixedly connected with a power supply, the top inner wall of the electrostatic dust removal box is fixedly connected with a fixed block, the top inner wall of the electrostatic dust removal box is sequentially and equidistantly and fixedly connected with a plurality of dust collecting plates and discharge electrodes in a staggered manner, the dust collecting plates are in threaded connection with screw holes formed in the fixed block through bolts, the vertical side of the electrostatic dust removal box is close to the bottom and is fixedly connected with a motor in the middle, the output end of the motor is fixedly connected with a first driving helical gear, the bottom inner wall of the electrostatic dust removal box is fixedly connected with two supporting seats symmetrically arranged about the first driving helical gear, the surfaces of the two supporting seats are both provided with through holes, the through holes in the two supporting seats are rotatably connected with a rotating rod through ball bearings, and the rod wall of the rotating rod is fixedly sleeved, the two ends of the rotating rod are fixedly connected with second driving helical gears, two reciprocating screw rods respectively corresponding to the two second driving helical gears are rotatably connected between the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall of the electrostatic dust removal box through ball bearings, second driven helical gears meshed with the second driving helical gears are fixedly sleeved on the rod walls of the reciprocating screw rods, the rod walls of the two reciprocating screw rods are respectively in threaded connection with moving blocks matched and connected with the rod walls, the outer walls of the two moving blocks are respectively and fixedly connected with connecting rods, a plurality of brush plates respectively symmetrically arranged relative to the dust collection plate are fixedly connected between the two connecting rods, one side of each brush plate, which is close to the dust collection plate, is fixedly connected with brush hair contacted with the dust collection plate, the outer wall of the electrostatic dust removal box is fixedly connected with an air outlet pipe and an air suction pipe, the top of the dust removal box is fixedly connected with a second water tank, and, the output fixedly connected with hose of second water pump, fixed intercommunication has a plurality of hoses that divide on the pole wall of hose, the one end of hose that divides passes the bottom of second water tank and the top of washing dirt case through the through-hole and stretches into the washing dirt incasement, and is a plurality of the equal threaded connection of one end that the hose that divides is located the washing dirt incasement has the shower nozzle, the lateral wall of washing dirt case has been seted up into the dirt mouth, it passes through pipeline fixedly connected with air extractor to advance the dirt mouth, the top fixed connection of air extractor and second water tank, the input and the breathing pipe fixed connection of air extractor, the bottom four corners department of bottom plate all is through buffer gear fixedly connected with universal wheel.
Preferably, the side walls of the brush plate and the moving block are fixedly connected with first sliding blocks, and first sliding grooves matched with the first sliding blocks are formed in the side walls of the electrostatic dust removal box.
Preferably, buffer gear includes the sleeve with bottom plate bottom fixed connection, the bracing piece has been cup jointed to the sleeve internalization, the bottom fixedly connected with universal wheel of bracing piece, the bracing piece is located telescopic one end fixedly connected with buffer spring, buffer spring keeps away from the one end and telescopic top inner wall fixed connection of bracing piece, the bracing piece is located two second sliders of telescopic one end pole wall symmetry fixedly connected with, telescopic inside wall seted up with second slider assorted second spout.
Preferably, the side wall of the bottom plate is fixedly connected with a push-pull rod.
Preferably, the bottom of first water tank and second water tank all is fixed the intercommunication and has a plurality of blow off pipes, the one end of blow off pipe passes water tank bottom and bottom plate and extends to the bottom plate lower extreme through the through-hole, be connected with the blowoff valve on the blow off pipe.
Preferably, the outer wall of the electrostatic dust removal box is provided with a maintenance opening, and the maintenance opening is connected with a maintenance door through a hinge.
Preferably, the bottom of suction fan is connected with the upper surface of bottom plate through the shock pad, the bottom of air extractor is connected with the top fixed connection of second water tank through the shock pad, the moisturizing mouth has all been seted up at the top of first water tank and second water tank.
Preferably, the dust collecting plate is connected with a positive pole of a power supply, and the discharge electrode is connected with a negative pole of the power supply.
(III) advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention provides an electric automatic dust removal device, which has the following beneficial effects:
1. this electric automatization dust collecting equipment, start work when the suction fan, with the air suction in the dirt case of straining, strain the dirt case and stay the relatively great dust of volume in straining the dirt incasement through straining the dirt net, the relatively little dust of volume passes through the pipeline and gets into electrostatic precipitator case, when the power for discharge electrode and dust collecting plate circular telegram, the air is through the high-tension electric field between discharge electrode and the dust collecting plate, the air that has the dust is by electrical separation when the high-tension electrostatic field, behind the negative electricity on dirt particle and the anion combination area, move and adsorb the dust collecting plate surface to the dust collecting plate, open discharge valve, the air after the dust removal then discharges through the outlet duct, handle the dust through multistage, make dust collection efficiency higher.
2. The electric automatic dust removing device comprises an exhaust valve, a first water pump, a spray head, a blow-down valve, a dust filter screen, a motor, a first driving helical gear, a rotating rod, a reciprocating screw rod, a sliding block chute and a motor, wherein when the dust left by filtering in a dust filter box is treated, the exhaust valve is closed, the first water pump is opened, water in a first water tank is transmitted to the spray head through a pipeline, the spray head sprays water, the blow-down valve is opened, dust filtered by the dust filter screen is discharged out of the dust filter box through water flow, when dust adhered to a dust collecting plate is cleaned, the motor drives the first driving helical gear to operate, the rotating rod is driven to rotate through the meshing action between the first driving helical gear and a first driven helical gear, so that second driving helical gears at two ends of the rotating rod rotate along the rotating rod, the reciprocating screw rod is driven to rotate through the meshing action between the second driving helical gear and a second driven helical gear, the, the connecting rod fixedly connected to the moving block and the moving block keep the same motion, because the brush hair on the brush board is tightly attached to the outer wall of the dust collecting board, when the brush board moves up and down along with the connecting rod, the dust on the dust collecting board can be brushed off through the friction action of the brush hair and the dust collecting board, so that the dust is not basically attached to the dust collecting board, the problem that a large amount of dust is left to be adhered to the dust collecting board and further the electric field intensity between the dust collecting board and the discharge electrode is influenced is well avoided, at the moment, the air extractor starts to work, the dust which is just brushed off is pumped into the dust washing box through a pipeline, the second water pump is opened, water is transmitted to the spray head through the hose, the dust in the dust washing box becomes wet and aggravates through the spraying action of the spray head, and falls to the bottom of the dust washing box, then the blow-off valve is opened, so, the problem that the surrounding environment is influenced by the flying of dust fog can not be caused.
3. This electric automatization dust collecting equipment, at the suction fan, the bottom of air extractor and motor all is connected with the shock pad, elasticity cushioning effect through the shock pad, the suction fan has been offset to a certain extent, the shaking force that air extractor and motor during operation produced, thereby the effectual noise pollution who produces because of vibrations of having alleviated the during operation, the bottom of bottom plate has been installed in addition, because the spring can produce elasticity after receiving pressure deformation, can effectually offset the dust collector during operation on the bottom plate and the shaking force that produces when the motion, thereby reduced the damage that vibrations caused the device, protection device extension device life's purpose has been reached.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an electrical automatic dust removing device according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of an electrical automatic dust removing apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a maintenance door of an electrical automation dust removing device according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a buffering device of an electric automatic dust removing apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of the connection between the ball bearing and the reciprocating screw of the electric automatic dust removing device according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the connection between the dust collecting plate and the fixing block of the electric automatic dust removing device according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1 bottom plate, 2 electrostatic precipitation casees, 3 dust arrester boards, 4 discharge electrodes, 5 motors, 6 first driving helical gears, 7 supporting seats, 8 sleeves, 9 rotating rods, 10 first driven helical gears, 11 reciprocating screw rods, 12 second driving helical gears, 13 moving blocks, 14 connecting rods, 15 brush boards, 16 power supplies, 17 second driven helical gears, 18 air suction pipes, 19 dust filtration casees, 20 first water tanks, 21 air extractors, 22 buffer springs, 23 suction fans, 24 dust washing casees, 25 second water tanks and 26 supporting rods.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-6, an electric automatic dust removing device comprises a bottom plate 1, an electrostatic dust removing box 2, a dust filtering box 19, a dust washing box 24 and a suction fan 23 are fixedly connected to the upper surface of the bottom plate 1, an output port of the suction fan 23 is fixedly communicated with an air inlet formed on the dust filtering box 19 through a pipeline, a dust filtering net is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the dust filtering box 19, a first water tank 20 is fixedly connected to the top of the dust filtering box 19, a first water pump is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the bottom of the first water tank 20, an output end of the first water pump is fixedly communicated with a water pipe, a plurality of water distribution pipes are fixedly communicated to the pipe wall of the water pipe, one ends of the water distribution pipes, far away from the water pipe, penetrate through the bottom of the first water tank 20 and the top of the dust filtering box 19 through holes and extend into the dust filtering box 19, a spray head is connected to one end of the water distribution pipes, a plurality of discharge pipes are, one end of a blow-off pipe penetrates through the bottom of the water tank and the bottom plate through a through hole and extends to the lower end of the bottom plate 1, a blow-off valve is connected on the blow-off pipe, a first water pump is opened, water in the first water tank 20 is transmitted to a spray head through a pipeline, the spray head sprays water, the blow-off valve is opened, dust filtered by a dust filtering net is discharged outside a dust filtering box through water flow, the dust filtering box 19 is fixedly connected with an air inlet pipe opening arranged on the electrostatic dust removing box 2 through a pipeline, the outer wall of the top end of the electrostatic dust removing box 2 is fixedly connected with a power supply 16, the inner wall of the top of the electrostatic dust removing box 2 is fixedly connected with a fixed block, a plurality of dust collecting plates 3 and discharge electrodes 4 are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the top of the electrostatic dust removing box 2 in sequence in an equidistant and staggered mode, the dust collecting plates 3 are in threaded connection with screw holes arranged on the fixed, air passes through a high-voltage electric field between a discharge electrode 4 and a dust collecting plate 3, the air with dust is electrically separated when passing through a high-voltage electrostatic field, dust particles and negative ions are combined to be charged negatively and then move towards the dust collecting plate 3 and are adsorbed on the surface of the dust collecting plate 3, a motor 5 is fixedly connected at a position, close to the bottom and in the middle, of the vertical side of an electrostatic dust removal box 2, a first driving helical gear 6 is fixedly connected at the output end of the motor 5, two supporting seats 7 symmetrically arranged relative to the first driving helical gear 6 are fixedly connected on the inner wall of the bottom of the electrostatic dust removal box 2, through holes are respectively formed in the surfaces of the two supporting seats 7, the through holes in the two supporting seats 7 are rotatably connected with a same rotating rod 9 through ball bearings, a first driven helical gear 10 meshed with the first driving helical gear 6 is fixedly sleeved on the rod wall of, two reciprocating screw rods 11 respectively corresponding to two second driving bevel gears 12 are rotatably connected between the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall of the electrostatic dust removal box 2 through ball bearings, second driven bevel gears 17 meshed with the second driving bevel gears 12 are fixedly sleeved on the rod walls of the reciprocating screw rods 11, moving blocks 13 matched and connected with the rod walls of the two reciprocating screw rods 11 are in threaded connection with the rod walls, connecting rods 14 are fixedly connected with the outer walls of the two moving blocks 13, a plurality of brush plates 15 respectively symmetrically arranged relative to the dust collection plate 3 are fixedly connected between the two connecting rods 14, brush bristles contacting with the dust collection plate 3 are fixedly connected on one side of each brush plate 15 close to the dust collection plate 3, first sliding blocks are fixedly connected on the side walls of the brush plates 15 and the moving blocks 13, first sliding grooves matched with the first sliding blocks are formed in the side wall of the electrostatic dust removal box 2, and an air outlet pipe and an air suction pipe, the outer wall of the air outlet pipe is fixedly connected with an exhaust valve, a motor 5 is started, the motor 5 drives a first driving bevel gear to operate, a rotating rod 9 is driven to rotate through the meshing action between a first driving bevel gear 6 and a first driven bevel gear 10, so that second driving bevel gears 12 at two ends of the rotating rod 9 rotate along with the rotating rod 9, a reciprocating screw rod 11 is driven to rotate through the meshing action between the second driving bevel gears 12 and a second driven bevel gear 17, the reciprocating linear motion of the moving block along the rod wall of the reciprocating screw rod 11 is promoted by utilizing the threaded connection action of the reciprocating screw rod 11 and the moving block 13 and the matching action of a sliding block chute, a connecting rod 14 fixedly connected to the moving block 13 keeps the same motion with the moving block 13, as the bristles on a brush plate 15 are tightly attached to the outer wall of a dust collecting plate, when the brush plate 15 moves up and down along with the connecting rod 14, the dust on the dust collecting plate, so that dust is not attached to the dust collecting plate 3 basically, the problem that a large amount of dust is left to be adhered to the dust collecting plate 3 and further the electric field intensity between the dust collecting plate 3 and the discharge electrode 4 is influenced is solved, the outer wall of the electrostatic dust removal box 2 is provided with a maintenance port, the maintenance port is hinged with a maintenance door, the top of the dust washing box 24 is fixedly connected with a second water tank 25, the inner wall of the bottom of the second water tank 25 is fixedly connected with a second water pump, the output end of the second water pump is fixedly connected with a hose, a plurality of water distribution hoses are fixedly communicated on the rod wall of the hose, one end of each water distribution hose penetrates through the bottom of the second water tank 25 and the top of the dust washing box 24 through a through hole and extends into the dust washing box 24, one ends of the plurality of the water distribution hoses, which are positioned in the dust washing box 24, are all in threaded connection with spray heads, the side wall of the dust washing box 24 is provided with a dust inlet, the dust inlet is, the input end of the air pump 21 is fixedly connected with the air suction pipe 18, the bottom of the second water tank 25 is fixedly communicated with a plurality of sewage discharge pipes, one end of each sewage discharge pipe passes through the bottom of the water tank and the bottom plate 1 through a through hole and extends to the lower end of the bottom plate 1, a sewage discharge valve is connected on each sewage discharge pipe, a second water pump is opened, water is transmitted to the spray head through the hose, and the dust in the dust washing box 24 is made wet and heavy through the spraying action of the spray head, thereby fall to washing dirt case 24 bottom, open the blowoff valve afterwards, can make the dust follow rivers discharge washing dirt case 24, can be convenient for to dust centralized processing, can not cause and cause the problem that the dust and fog flies upward influence the surrounding environment in the collection process, the moisturizing mouth has all been seted up at the top of first water tank 20 and second water tank 25, the bottom four corners department of bottom plate 1 all through buffer gear fixedly connected with universal wheel, the lateral wall fixedly connected with push-and-pull rod of bottom plate 1.
Buffer gear includes the sleeve 8 with 1 bottom fixed connection of bottom plate, bracing piece 26 has been cup jointed to the activity in the sleeve 8, the bottom fixedly connected with universal wheel of bracing piece 26, one end fixedly connected with buffer spring 22 that bracing piece 26 is located sleeve 8, buffer spring 22 keeps away from the one end of bracing piece 26 and sleeve 8's top inner wall fixed connection, bracing piece 26 is located two second sliders of one end pole wall symmetry fixedly connected with in the sleeve 8, the inside wall of sleeve 8 seted up with second slider assorted second spout, can produce elasticity after owing to the spring receives pressure deformation, can effectually offset the dust collector during operation on the bottom plate 1 and the shaking force that produces when the motion, thereby reduced the damage that vibrations caused the device, protection device extension fixture life's purpose has been reached.
The bottom of suction fan 23 is connected with the upper surface of bottom plate 1 through the shock pad, and the top fixed connection of shock pad and second water tank 25 is passed through to the bottom of air extractor 21, through the elasticity cushioning effect of shock pad, and the shaking force that has offset suction fan 23, air extractor 21 and motor 5 during operation production of certain degree to the effectual noise pollution who has alleviated the during operation and produce because of vibrations.
In conclusion, in the electric automatic dust removing device, when the suction fan 23 starts to work, air is sucked into the dust filtering box 19, the dust filtering box 19 keeps dust with relatively large volume in the dust filtering box 19 through the dust filtering net, dust with relatively small volume enters the electrostatic dust removing box 2 through the pipeline, when the power supply 16 energizes the discharge electrode 4 and the dust collecting plate 3, the air passes through the high-voltage electric field between the discharge electrode 4 and the dust collecting plate 3, the air with dust is electrically separated when passing through the high-voltage electrostatic field, dust particles and negative ions are combined to be charged negatively, the air moves towards the dust collecting plate 3 and is adsorbed on the surface of the dust collecting plate 3, the air after dust removal is discharged through the air outlet pipe, the dust is treated through multiple stages, the dust removing efficiency is higher, when the dust filtered and left in the dust filtering box 19 is treated, the first water pump is started to transmit the water in the first water tank 20 to the spray head through the pipeline, the sprayer sprays water, the blowoff valve is opened, the dust filtered by the dust filtering net passes through the outside of the dust filtering box at the water flow discharge position, when the dust adhered on the dust collecting plate 3 is cleaned, the exhaust valve is closed, the motor 5 is started, the motor 5 drives the first driving helical gear to run, the rotating rod 9 is driven to rotate through the meshing action between the first driving helical gear 6 and the first driven helical gear 10, so that the second driving helical gears 12 at the two ends of the rotating rod 9 rotate along the rotating rod 9, the reciprocating screw rod 11 is driven to rotate through the meshing action between the second driving helical gear 12 and the second driven helical gear 17, the reciprocating screw rod 11 is driven to rotate, the linear motion of the reciprocating screw rod 11 and the moving block 13 is promoted by utilizing the threaded connection action of the reciprocating screw rod 11 and the moving block 13 and the matching action of the slide block chute, the connecting rod 14 fixedly connected on the moving block 13, because the brush bristles on the brush plate 15 are tightly attached to the outer wall of the dust collecting plate, when the brush plate 15 moves up and down along with the connecting rod 14, the dust on the dust collecting plate 3 can be brushed off through the friction action between the brush bristles and the dust collecting plate 3, so that the dust is basically not attached to the dust collecting plate 3, the problem that a large amount of dust is left to be adhered to the dust collecting plate 3 and further the electric field intensity between the dust collecting plate 3 and the discharge electrode 4 is influenced is well avoided, at the moment, the air extractor 21 starts to work, the dust which is just brushed off is pumped into the dust washing box 24 through a pipeline, the second water pump is started, water is transmitted to the spray head through the hose, the dust in the dust washing box 24 becomes wet and is aggravated through the spraying action of the spray head, the dust falls to the bottom of the dust washing box 24, then the blow-off valve is opened, the dust can be discharged out of the dust washing box along with water flow, the dust centralized treatment can be convenient, at suction fan 23, the bottom of air extractor 21 and motor 5 all is connected with the shock pad, elasticity cushioning effect through the shock pad, the suction fan 23 has been offset to a certain extent, the shaking force that air extractor 21 and motor 5 during operation produced, thereby the effectual noise pollution who produces because of vibrations of having alleviated the during operation, buffer gear has been installed to the bottom of bottom plate 1 in addition, because the spring can produce elasticity after receiving pressure deformation, can effectually offset the dust collector during operation on the bottom plate 1 and the shaking force that produces when the motion, thereby the damage that vibrations led to the fact the device has been reduced, protection device extension device life's purpose has been reached.
It is to be noted that the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. Without further limitation, an element defined by the phrase "comprising an … …" does not exclude the presence of other identical elements in a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (4)

1. An electric automatization dust collecting equipment, includes bottom plate (1), its characterized in that: the upper surface of the bottom plate (1) is fixedly connected with an electrostatic dust removal box (2), a dust filtering box (19), a dust washing box (24) and a suction fan (23), an outlet of the suction fan (23) is fixedly communicated with an air inlet formed in the dust filtering box (19) through a pipeline, the inner wall of the dust filtering box (19) is fixedly connected with a dust filtering net, the top of the dust filtering box (19) is fixedly connected with a first water tank (20), the bottom inner wall of the first water tank (20) is fixedly connected with a first water pump, the output end of the first water pump is fixedly communicated with a water pipe, the pipe wall of the water pipe is fixedly communicated with a plurality of water distribution pipes, one ends of the water distribution pipes, far away from the water distribution pipes, penetrate through the bottom of the first water tank (20) and the top of the dust filtering box (19) through holes and extend into the dust filtering box (19), and one ends of the water distribution pipes, which are positioned in the dust filtering box, the dust filtering box (19) is fixedly connected with an air inlet pipe orifice which is arranged on the electrostatic dust removing box (2) through a pipeline, a power supply (16) is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the top end of the electrostatic dust removing box (2), a fixed block is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the top of the electrostatic dust removing box (2), a plurality of dust collecting plates (3) and discharge electrodes (4) are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the top of the electrostatic dust removing box (2) in sequence in an equidistance staggered mode, the dust collecting plates (3) are in threaded connection with screw holes which are arranged on the fixed block through bolts, a motor (5) is fixedly connected with the position, close to the bottom and located in the middle, of one vertical side of the electrostatic dust removing box (2), a first driving helical gear (6) is fixedly connected with the output end of the motor (5), two supporting seats (7) which are symmetrically arranged relative to, the surface of the two supporting seats (7) is provided with through holes, the through holes in the two supporting seats (7) are rotatably connected with the same rotating rod (9) through ball bearings, the rod wall of the rotating rod (9) is fixedly sleeved with a first driven helical gear (10) meshed with a first driving helical gear (6), the two ends of the rotating rod (9) are fixedly connected with second driving helical gears (12), the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall of the electrostatic dust removal box (2) are rotatably connected with two reciprocating lead screws (11) respectively corresponding to the two second driving helical gears (12) through ball bearings, the rod wall of each reciprocating lead screw (11) is fixedly sleeved with a second driven helical gear (17) meshed with the second driving helical gear (12), the rod walls of the two reciprocating lead screws (11) are respectively in threaded connection with movable blocks (13) in matched connection with the rod walls, and the outer walls of the two movable blocks (13) are respectively and fixedly connected with connecting rods (14), two fixedly connected with is a plurality of brush boards (15) that set up about collecting plate (3) symmetry respectively between connecting rod (14), brush board (15) are close to the brush hair of one side fixedly connected with and collecting plate (3) contact of collecting plate (3), the outer wall fixedly connected with outlet duct and breathing pipe (18) of electrostatic precipitator case (2), the top fixedly connected with second water tank (25) of washing dirt case (24), the bottom inner wall fixedly connected with second water pump of second water tank (25), the output fixedly connected with hose of second water pump, fixedly communicate on the pole wall of hose has a plurality of water distribution hoses, the one end of water distribution hose passes the bottom of second water tank (25) and the top of washing dirt case (24) and stretches into washing dirt case (24) through the through-hole, and is a plurality of the equal threaded connection of one end that water distribution hose is located washing dirt case (24) has the shower nozzle, a dust inlet is formed in the side wall of the dust washing box (24), the dust inlet is fixedly connected with an air pump (21) through a pipeline, the air pump (21) is fixedly connected with the top of the second water tank (25), the input end of the air pump (21) is fixedly connected with an air suction pipe (18), and the four corners of the bottom plate (1) are fixedly connected with universal wheels through buffer mechanisms;
the side walls of the brush plate (15) and the moving block (13) are fixedly connected with a first sliding block, and the side wall of the electrostatic dust removal box (2) is provided with a first sliding groove matched with the first sliding block;
the dust collecting plate (3) is connected with the positive pole of a power supply (16), and the discharge electrode (4) is connected with the negative pole of the power supply (16);
the buffer mechanism comprises a sleeve (8) fixedly connected with the bottom of the bottom plate (1), a support rod (26) is movably sleeved in the sleeve (8), a universal wheel is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the support rod (26), a buffer spring (22) is fixedly connected to one end, located in the sleeve (8), of the support rod (26), one end, away from the support rod, of the buffer spring (22) is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the top of the sleeve (8), two second sliding blocks are symmetrically and fixedly connected to one end, located in the sleeve (8), of the support rod (26), and a second sliding groove matched with the second sliding blocks is formed in the inner side wall of the sleeve (8);
the bottom of suction fan (23) passes through the last fixed surface of shock pad and bottom plate (1) to be connected, the top fixed connection of shock pad and second water tank (25) is passed through to the bottom of air extractor (21), the moisturizing mouth has all been seted up at the top of first water tank (20) and second water tank (25).
2. An electrically automated dust removing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the side wall of the bottom plate (1) is fixedly connected with a push-pull rod.
3. An electrically automated dust removing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom of first water tank (20) and second water tank (25) all is fixed the intercommunication and has a plurality of blow off pipes, the one end of blow off pipe passes water tank bottom and bottom plate and extends to bottom plate (1) lower extreme through the through-hole, be connected with the blowoff valve on the blow off pipe.
4. An electrically automated dust removing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the outer wall of the electrostatic dust removal box (2) is provided with a maintenance opening, and a maintenance door is connected to the maintenance opening through a hinge.
CN201811145623.2A 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 Electric automatization dust collecting equipment Active CN109173532B (en)

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CN109569166B (en) * 2019-01-18 2021-06-04 宁德市福宁锅炉有限公司 Complete device for instantaneous efficient purification and energy step recovery of tail gas
CN109926426A (en) * 2019-04-16 2019-06-25 马鞍山蓝信环保科技有限公司 A kind of energy saving and environment friendly dust excluding hood
CN111795446A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-10-20 湖北明德健康科技有限公司 Air purifying device

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CN108295603A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-07-20 重庆峰创科技有限公司 A kind of electric automatization self-cleaning type cleaner
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