CN109164857A - Switchgear house intelligent monitor system and switchgear house remote monitoring system - Google Patents

Switchgear house intelligent monitor system and switchgear house remote monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109164857A
CN109164857A CN201811356463.6A CN201811356463A CN109164857A CN 109164857 A CN109164857 A CN 109164857A CN 201811356463 A CN201811356463 A CN 201811356463A CN 109164857 A CN109164857 A CN 109164857A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
switchgear house
monitoring
intelligent monitor
environment acquisition
station
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Pending
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CN201811356463.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢玥玥
冯磊
甘崇玲
谢子建
张天祯
郭小军
傅乃亮
王启伦
方翔
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Jiangsu Qita Power Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Qita Power Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Jiangsu Qita Power Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Qita Power Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811356463.6A priority Critical patent/CN109164857A/en
Publication of CN109164857A publication Critical patent/CN109164857A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D27/00Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of the preceding main groups
    • G05D27/02Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of the preceding main groups characterised by the use of electric means

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of switchgear house intelligent monitor system and switchgear house remote monitoring system, is related to electrical network field.The switchgear house intelligent monitor system includes: station end monitoring host, environment acquisition device, warning device, entrance guard device and video monitoring apparatus;Environment acquisition device, warning device, entrance guard device, video monitoring apparatus are connected with station end monitoring host;End monitoring host of standing is arranged inside switchgear house, and environment acquisition device includes that first environment acquisition device is arranged inside switchgear house and second environment acquisition device is arranged outside switchgear house;The warning device is arranged inside the switchgear house;Warning device is arranged inside switchgear house;Entrance guard device is arranged on the door of the switchgear house;The outside of switchgear house is arranged in video monitoring apparatus.The switchgear house intelligent monitor system has the function of environmental monitoring, switchgear house defence, and alleviating switchgear house intelligent monitor system existing in the prior art there are problems that having a single function.

Description

Switchgear house intelligent monitor system and switchgear house remote monitoring system
Technical field
The present invention relates to electrical substation monitoring fields, long-range more particularly, to a kind of switchgear house intelligent monitor system and switchgear house Monitoring system.
Background technique
Country greatly develops smart grid in recent years, and the intelligent informationization of power transmission and transformation system has had quite high water It is flat, and distribution is since the complexity of its use environment and structure makes intelligent information level lower, with smart grid work That makees further gos deep into, and distribution intelligent information has become one of groundwork of next step, however, currently, traditional matches Transformer terminals are only capable of being monitored power levels, and function is relatively simple;In addition, the equipment of switchgear house is easily lost, such as distribution transforming Terminal, transformer theft, cable theft also occur often, and the safety of switchgear house also cannot be guaranteed.
Aiming at the problem that how to carry out multi-faceted monitoring to switchgear house, there has been no effective solution schemes at present.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of switchgear house intelligent monitor systems and switchgear house remotely to monitor and be System can carry out multi-faceted prison to switchgear house to alleviate the problem of having a single function existing for distribution transformer monitoring device in the prior art It surveys.
In a first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of switchgear house intelligent monitor systems, comprising: end monitoring host of standing, Environment acquisition device, warning device, entrance guard device and video monitoring apparatus;Wherein, the environment acquisition device, alarm dress It sets, entrance guard device, video monitoring apparatus are connected with station end monitoring host;The station end monitoring host is arranged described Inside switchgear house;The environment acquisition device includes first environment acquisition device and second environment acquisition device, first ring Border acquisition device is arranged inside the switchgear house;The second environment acquisition device is arranged outside the switchgear house;It is described Warning device is arranged inside the switchgear house;The entrance guard device is arranged on the door of the switchgear house;The video monitoring The outside of the switchgear house is arranged in device.
With reference to first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides the first possible embodiments of first aspect, wherein institute Stating station end monitoring host is industrial personal computer.
With reference to first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides second of possible embodiments of first aspect, wherein institute Stating first environment acquisition device includes the first Temperature Humidity Sensor, air velocity transducer, the first liquid level sensor;The second environment Acquisition device includes the second Temperature Humidity Sensor, gas sensor, the second liquid level sensor.
With reference to first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides the third possible embodiments of first aspect, wherein institute Stating warning device includes combined aural and visual alarm.
With reference to first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides the 4th kind of possible embodiments of first aspect, wherein institute State at least one that entrance guard device includes biological fingerprint identifier, iris recognition instrument, coded lock or access-control card reader.
With reference to first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides the 5th kind of possible embodiments of first aspect, wherein institute Stating video monitoring apparatus includes camera.
With reference to first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides the 6th kind of possible embodiments of first aspect, wherein also Including indoor ventilator, dehumidification device and thermostat, the indoor ventilator, the dehumidification device It is connected respectively with station end monitoring host with the thermostat, the indoor ventilator, the dehumidifying Device and the thermostat are arranged outside the switchgear house.
With reference to first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides the 7th kind of possible embodiments of first aspect, wherein also Including lighting device, the lighting device is connected with station end monitoring host;The lighting device includes room lighting dress It sets and the inside of the switchgear house, the outdoor illumination setting is arranged in outdoor illumination, the interior illuminator In the outside of the switchgear house.
Second aspect, the embodiment of the invention also provides a kind of switchgear house remote monitoring systems characterized by comprising Host computer and switchgear house intelligent monitor system such as any one of first aspect and its possible embodiment, the host computer with The switchgear house intelligent monitor system communication connection.
In conjunction with second aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides the first possible embodiments of second aspect, wherein institute Stating the host computer is mobile terminal or remote server.
The embodiment of the present invention bring it is following the utility model has the advantages that
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of switchgear house intelligent monitor system and switchgear house remote monitoring systems, wherein should Switchgear house intelligent monitor system includes:: stand end monitoring host, environment acquisition device, warning device, entrance guard device and video prison Control device;Wherein, environment acquisition device, warning device, entrance guard device, video monitoring apparatus are connected with station end monitoring host It connects;End monitoring host of standing is arranged inside switchgear house, end monitoring host of stand be used to receive the data of above-mentioned each device transmission with Information, and recording and storage is carried out, while can interact with the host computer of distal end, such as upload data and instruction transmitting; Environment acquisition device is used to monitor the site environment information of the switchgear house, and site environment information includes switchgear house internal environment letter Environmental information outside breath and switchgear house, such as temperature and humidity, wind speed, gas;Environment acquisition device includes first environment acquisition dress It sets and is arranged inside switchgear house with second environment acquisition device, first environment acquisition device, first environment acquisition device is for adopting Environmental information locating for collection station end monitoring host;Second environment acquisition device is arranged outside switchgear house;Second environment acquisition dress It sets for monitoring the environmental information outside switchgear house;Warning device is arranged inside switchgear house, and warning device is for sounding an alarm; Entrance guard device is arranged on the door of the switchgear house, and entrance guard device is for carrying out authentication;Video monitoring apparatus setting is being matched The outside of electric room, video monitoring apparatus is for being monitored generation video information to switchgear house.Therefore, the embodiment of the present invention provides Technical solution, can alleviate existing distribution transformer monitoring device there are problems that having a single function, and can carry out to switchgear house multi-party Position monitoring is conducive to the safety coefficient for improving switchgear house.The switchgear house intelligent monitor system utilizes the computer skill of latest modern technological Art (industry control technology), network technology (mechanics of communication), image technique (acquisition and identification technology), safety monitoring (video monitoring) and The technologies such as burglar alarm (alarm technique), security context comprehensively monitoring technology (sensor technology), to cell switchgear house (or distribution Room, switchgear house etc.) implement comprehensive Centralizing inspection monitoring management.The switchgear house intelligent monitor system has environmental monitoring, distribution The function of room defence, alleviating switchgear house intelligent monitor system existing in the prior art there are problems that having a single function.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will illustrate in the following description, also, partly become from specification It obtains it is clear that understand through the implementation of the invention.The objectives and other advantages of the invention are in specification, claims And specifically noted structure is achieved and obtained in attached drawing.
To enable the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention to be clearer and more comprehensible, preferred embodiment is cited below particularly, and cooperate Appended attached drawing, is described in detail below.
Detailed description of the invention
It, below will be to specific in order to illustrate more clearly of the specific embodiment of the invention or technical solution in the prior art Embodiment or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art be briefly described, it should be apparent that, it is described below Attached drawing is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, before not making the creative labor It puts, is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of basic structure schematic diagram of switchgear house intelligent monitor system provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of concrete structure schematic diagram of switchgear house intelligent monitor system provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of switchgear house remote monitoring system provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a kind of schematic diagram of remote server provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with attached drawing to the present invention Technical solution be clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiments are some of the embodiments of the present invention, rather than Whole embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making creative work premise Under every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Currently, traditional distribution transformer terminals are only capable of being monitored power levels, function is relatively simple;In addition, switchgear house or The terminal device of switchgear house is easily lost, if distribution transformer terminals, transformer theft, cable theft also occur often, switchgear house or The safety of switchgear house also cannot be guaranteed, and be based on this, a kind of switchgear house intelligent monitor system provided in an embodiment of the present invention and Switchgear house remote monitoring system can alleviate the problem of having a single function existing for distribution transformer monitoring device in the prior art, can be right Switchgear house carries out multi-faceted monitoring.
For convenient for understanding the present embodiment, first to a kind of switchgear house intelligent monitoring disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention System describes in detail.
Embodiment one:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of switchgear house intelligent monitor systems, are applied to cell and become Power station or switchgear house etc., comprising: stand end monitoring host 10, environment acquisition device 20, warning device 30, entrance guard device 40 and view Frequency monitoring device 50;Wherein, the environment acquisition device, warning device, entrance guard device, video monitoring apparatus with the station end Monitoring host is connected;The station end monitoring host is arranged inside the switchgear house;The environment acquisition device includes first Environment acquisition device 21 and second environment acquisition device 22, the first environment acquisition device are arranged inside the switchgear house; The second environment acquisition device is arranged outside the switchgear house;The warning device is arranged inside the switchgear house;Institute Entrance guard device is stated to be arranged on the door of the switchgear house;The outside of the switchgear house is arranged in the video monitoring apparatus.
Specifically, environment acquisition device is used to monitor the site environment information of the switchgear house;Here site environment letter Breath includes the environmental information outside switchgear house internal environmental information and switchgear house, such as the temperature and humidity outside switchgear house, wind speed, electricity The water level of cable ditch and temperature and humidity, gas (SF6 gas, ozone, oxygen) content, the water level of cable duct inside switchgear house etc.; Therefore, environment acquisition device includes the first environment acquisition device being arranged in outside the switchgear house and is arranged in the switchgear house Switchgear house inside second environment acquisition device, wherein first environment monitoring device be used for monitor outside switchgear house environment letter Breath, second environment monitoring device are used to acquire the environmental information (environmental information locating for end monitoring host of standing) inside switchgear house.
Warning device is for sounding an alarm, such as when video monitoring apparatus has monitored being (such as unauthorized person or dynamic Object) invasion, by the video monitoring apparatus based on image recognition technology (at this point, video monitoring apparatus and warning device are direct electricity Connection) or station end monitoring host control warning device sound an alarm, either, environment monitoring device monitors cable ditch-water Position is transfinited, temperature and humidity transfinites;Or be that entrance guard device fails to subscriber authentication, it can also sound an alarm;It is above-mentioned not With alarm types (i.e. different types of warning message) multiple indicator lights of warning device (such as face of indicator light can be passed through Color or brightness etc.) it is convenient for distinguishing.
For entrance guard device for carrying out authentication, entrance guard device can have multiple authentication mode, such as can be furnished with fingerprint machine Or the bio-identifications instrument such as face recognition device or iris recognition instrument, by fingerprint machine or face recognition device or iris recognition Instrument realizes authentication, carries out real name typing, also may include card reader or coded lock etc. to carry out authentication, by setting The safety for setting flexibility and authentication that Multi Identity Attestation mode increases entrance guard device (such as can first card reader Level-one certification carries out secondary authentication by coded lock after, and secondary authentication, which carries out three-level by bio-identification instrument after passing through, to be recognized Card, it is ensured that the identity of personnel prevents from illegally entering economic loss caused by switchgear house, improves the safety of switchgear house.
Video monitoring apparatus generates video information for being monitored to the switchgear house.
End monitoring host of standing is used to receive the data and information of above-mentioned each device transmission, and carries out recording and storage, together When can be interacted with the host computer of distal end, such as upload data and instruction transmitting;Such as monitoring host in station end receives video The site environment information for video information and environment the acquisition device acquisition that monitoring device is sent simultaneously carries out storage record, in order to work Make personnel (such as Maintenance and Repair personnel) to check, it is easy to repair;Standing end monitoring host simultaneously can also be by received video monitoring The site environment information active upload for video information and environment the acquisition device acquisition that device is sent is to host computer (such as administrator The mobile terminal or remote server of member);Certainly, host computer can also send a command to station end monitoring host, by station end prison It surveys host and controls corresponding device progress data acquisition etc..
It include: station end monitoring host, environment acquisition dress the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of switchgear house intelligent monitor system It sets, warning device, entrance guard device and video monitoring apparatus;Wherein, environment acquisition device, warning device, entrance guard device, video Monitoring device is connected with station end monitoring host;End monitoring host of standing is arranged inside switchgear house, and end monitoring host of standing is used for The data and information of above-mentioned each device transmission are received, and carry out recording and storage, while can carry out with the host computer of distal end Interaction, such as upload data and instruction transmitting;Environment acquisition device is used to monitor the site environment information of the switchgear house, scene Environmental information includes the environmental information outside switchgear house internal environmental information and switchgear house, such as temperature and humidity, wind speed, gas;Ring Border acquisition device includes first environment acquisition device and second environment acquisition device, and first environment acquisition device is arranged in switchgear house Inside, first environment acquisition device is for environmental information locating for acquisition station end monitoring host;The setting of second environment acquisition device Outside switchgear house;Second environment acquisition device is used to monitor the environmental information outside switchgear house;Warning device is arranged in distribution Chamber interior, warning device is for sounding an alarm;Entrance guard device is arranged on the door of the switchgear house, and entrance guard device is for carrying out body Part certification;The outside of switchgear house is arranged in video monitoring apparatus, and video monitoring apparatus is used to be monitored switchgear house generation view Frequency information.Therefore, technical solution provided in an embodiment of the present invention can alleviate existing distribution transformer monitoring device presence and have a single function The problem of, multi-faceted monitoring can be carried out to switchgear house, be conducive to the safety coefficient for improving switchgear house.The switchgear house intelligent monitoring System (is acquired and is identified using the computer technology (industry control technology), network technology (mechanics of communication), image technique of latest modern technological Technology), safety monitoring (video monitoring) and burglar alarm (alarm technique), security context comprehensively monitoring technology (sensor technology) Etc. technologies, comprehensive Centralizing inspection monitoring management is implemented to cell switchgear house (or power distribution room, switchgear house etc.).Switchgear house intelligence Monitoring system has the function of environmental monitoring, switchgear house defence, alleviates switchgear house intelligent monitoring existing in the prior art system System there are problems that having a single function.
Further, in the present embodiment, switchgear house is box switchgear house;The station end monitoring host is Industry Control calculating Machine (industrial personal computer).It should be pointed out that the shell of station end monitoring host is 19 cun of 1U cabinets or wall-mounted, versatile, sexual valence Than high;Installation site is typically mounted at monitored room entrances (in switchgear house or control room), away from ground 1.2-1.5m, side Just staff operates;Host rack: being first fixed on metope by dress method, then monitoring host is hung on bracket i.e. It can.
It should be pointed out that if desired will station end monitoring host installation outdoors, then need to be equipped with corresponding rainproof box into Row protection.
Further, first environment acquisition device 21 includes the first Temperature Humidity Sensor, air velocity transducer, the first liquid level biography Sensor;Second environment acquisition device 22 includes the second Temperature Humidity Sensor, gas sensor, the second liquid level sensor;
Specifically, the side wall of switchgear house is arranged in the first Temperature Humidity Sensor, the top of switchgear house is arranged in air velocity transducer Portion upper surface;First liquid level sensor is arranged at the cable duct outside switchgear house, and the first liquid level sensor is for monitoring distribution Liquid level at outdoor cable duct;The control in station end monitoring host can be set in second Temperature Humidity Sensor, gas sensor On platform, the second liquid level sensor is arranged at the cable duct inside switchgear house, and the second liquid level sensor is for monitoring in switchgear house Liquid level at portion's cable duct;Gas sensor includes SF6 gas sensor, oxygen sensor, ozone sensor, smoke sensor device At least one.
Further, the warning device includes combined aural and visual alarm, combined aural and visual alarm good warning effect, for different reports Alert type selects different combined aural and visual alarm (sound of sending and the color of light) to distinguish.
Specifically, the warning device includes indicator light and buzzer, the indicator light and buzzer are used for institute It states switchgear house intelligent monitor system and the police instructions such as smog, leak, over-voltage, overcurrent is provided;
Further, the entrance guard device includes biological fingerprint identifier, iris recognition instrument, coded lock or access-control card reader At least one, can to visiting subscriber carry out authentication, prevent the generation of trespassory taking, and be conducive to chasing after for responsibility It traces back, improves the safety of switchgear house.
It should be pointed out that in other embodiments, entrance guard device include human sensing module, photoelectric isolating circuit and Relay, the human body induction module with it is described station end monitoring host microcontroller be connected, the relay pass through photoelectricity every It is connected from circuit with the microcontroller of the station end monitoring host;Specifically, the human body induction module be used for when to human body Incuded, and generates the microcontroller of optical signal transmission to station end monitoring host;The photoelectric isolating circuit is used for will be above-mentioned Optical signal is converted to electric signal, is transmitted to relay, and the relay is used to control the opening and closing of door;Further, as Men Nei or When person has monitored personnel's discrepancy outdoors, the human body induction module generates optical signal, by the optical signal transmission to station end prison The microcontroller of host is surveyed, the optical signal is converted to electric signal and is transmitted to relay by photoelectric isolating circuit, controls door Opening and closing.Further, for the induction to the personnel of discrepancy, be respectively arranged with human body induction module in the inside of door and outside, i.e., the One induction module and the second induction module;Further, it is exchanged for the ease of switchgear house personnel with external staff, it is described Entrance guard device is furnished with voice module, LED screen and LED drive device, and the voice module is micro- with the station end monitoring host Controller is connected, and the voice module can carry out voice prompting to staff to switchgear house fault condition simultaneously;The LED screen Be connected by LED drive device with the microcontroller that the station end monitors host, inside and outside situation can be monitored on the door, reality The monitoring of existing staff couple, improves the safety of switchgear house.
Further, the video monitoring apparatus includes camera;Specifically, video monitoring apparatus includes being separately positioned on The camera of the top and bottom of the switchgear house, the camera at top is for clapping tall and big biology (such as human body etc.) It takes the photograph, the camera of bottom is for shooting short and small biology (mouse etc.);
Further, the camera can be multiple, to realize the monitoring to different switchgear house different directions;Specifically , camera is wide-angle pinhole cameras, and coverage is wide, small in size.
Certainly, in other embodiments, infrared camera also can be directly used in camera, conducive to clapping under dark condition It takes the photograph;
Further, which further includes indoor ventilator 60, dehumidification device 70 and thermostat 80, institute Indoor ventilator, the dehumidification device and the thermostat is stated to be connected with station end monitoring host respectively It connects, the indoor ventilator, the dehumidification device and the thermostat are arranged inside the switchgear house.
Further, the indoor ventilator includes blower or exhaust fan, and the thermostat includes temperature Control controller and the heating device being connected with temperature control controller and the refrigerating plant being connected with temperature control controller;Specifically , the heating device is electric heater, and the refrigerating plant is compressor, and the heating device, the refrigerating plant are all provided with It sets inside the switchgear house.
The dehumidification device includes one kind of the electric power dehumidification devices such as semiconductor refrigerating dehumidification device, dehumidification by condensation device.
It should be noted that in other embodiments, compound ventilation air-changing device, dehumidification device and thermostat can be All-in-one machine, such as be directly air conditioner integrated machine, reduce the cost of equipment, improves integrated level.
Further, which further includes drainage arrangement 90, and the drainage arrangement is connected with station end monitoring host; The drainage arrangement is arranged in the cable duct of switchgear house;
Specifically, the drainage arrangement includes that the first water pump in the cable duct being arranged in inside switchgear house and setting are being matched The second water pump in the cable duct of electric outdoor is respectively used to the cable duct outside the cable duct and switchgear house inside switchgear house It is drained, such as when the cable duct liquid level in switchgear house or outside switchgear house transfinites, the control of receiving station end monitoring host is opened It opens to be drained to cable duct.
It should be pointed out that in other embodiments, drainage arrangement can also be connected directly with host computer, by host computer into Row control draining, when preventing local station end from monitoring host abnormal (damage, power loss or maintenance), cable duct water level transfinite cannot and When draining caused by lose.
Further, which further includes lighting device 100, and the lighting device is connected with station end monitoring host It connects;The lighting device includes interior illuminator and outdoor illumination, and the interior illuminator is arranged in the distribution The outside of the switchgear house is arranged in the inside of room, the outdoor illumination.Specifically, the interior illuminator and outdoor Lighting device is LED light;It can be to be illuminated inside switchgear house by setting interior illuminator, convenient to overhaul and dimension Shield;By setting outdoor illumination on the one hand maintenance can be maintained easily, on the other hand may be used to be illuminated outside switchgear house To provide light source to video monitoring apparatus, convenient for the video information of shooting clear.
Further, which further includes power supply unit (being not shown in the drawing), and the power supply unit and the station end monitor Host is connected, and the power supply unit, which is used to monitor host for the station end, provides operating voltage;Specifically, in order to the station End monitoring host is powered, station end monitoring host be furnished with power supply unit can outside electric power network, in the present embodiment, power grid to The station end monitoring host provides the alternating current of 220V;The power supply unit includes power supply adaptor.
In view of the supply voltage for the display (specially liquid crystal display) being connected with the microcontroller of monitoring host is Direct current 24V, power supply unit described herein are furnished with AC/DC converter (AC/DC converter), the AC/DC converter For the alternating current of 220V to be converted to the direct current of 24V, to the LCD device electric supply.In view of various sensors, door The rated operational voltage for prohibiting device is usually 12V, and power supply unit described herein is equipped with DC-DC converter (DC/DC conversion Device), the DC-DC converter is used to be converted in the direct current of 24V the direct current of 12V, fills to various sensors, gate inhibition The power supply such as set.
Further, the indicator light is multiple;The indicator light uses LED light.
The fault conditions such as main power source accident power down in order to prevent further include further backup power source, the standby electricity Source includes at least one of solar panel, generator, battery.
Specifically, switching switch is provided between described power supply unit and the backup power source, it can be with by switching switch Emergency is switched to backup power source and carries out emergency service, guarantees the normal operation of system.
It can be super it should be pointed out that can also include the super capacitor being connect with power supply unit or backup power source Capacitor charges, and when power supply unit or backup power source quantity problem occur, is powered by super capacitor as three-level tight Anxious power supply power supply, it is ensured that system can be run under emergency situation.
Further, first environment acquisition device (can also be not illustrated in figure including infrared dual-technology sensor, water sensor In), for having monitored whether external staff's invasion, the water sensor is used for monitoring point the infrared dual-technology sensor Water leakage situation is monitored, and the water sensor is installed near switchgear house water source, such as fire water, air conditioner condensation pipe etc.;
It should be noted that in other embodiments, the station end monitoring host includes display, microcontroller, communication Module, the display are connected with the microcontroller, and the communication module is connected with the microcontroller, microcontroller For 32 single-chip microcontrollers, there are the multiple functions such as storage, processing.The environment monitoring device includes wireless communication device, the station end The communication module for monitoring host is radio receiving transmitting module compatible with the wireless communication device, for example, the wireless communication device May include RF radio-frequency module, ZIGBEE, bluetooth communication with the radio receiving transmitting module is at least one, and ring may be implemented The wireless short-range communication of border monitoring device and station end monitoring host.The switchgear house intelligent monitor system further includes electric energy measurement Device, the device for measurement of electrical energy include AC voltage transformer, AC current transformer, DC voltage measurement device, direct current Flow measurer, the first digital analog converter, the second digital analog converter, the AC voltage transformer, the AC current transformer It is connected by the first digital analog converter with station end monitoring host (specially microcontroller), the DC voltage measurement device It is connected by the second digital analog converter with station end monitoring host (specially microcontroller);Specifically, the first digital-to-analogue Converter be used for the DC voltage measurement device, the DC current measurement device are measured DC current values, DC voltage value It is converted into discrete digital signal, the second digital analog converter is used to survey the AC current transformer, AC voltage transformer The AC current values and ac voltage obtained are converted into discrete digital signal and are transmitted to the microcontroller.
The oxygen sensor, SF6Gas sensor, smoke sensor device monitor the microcontroller of host with station end respectively It is connected.
Specifically, due to SF6Gas has good insulation performance, arc extinction performance, and the insulation for being often used for switchgear house is protected Shield, the SF6Gas sensor is used for SF6The concentration of gas is monitored on-line, ensures the operational safety of switchgear house.
A kind of switchgear house intelligent monitor system provided in an embodiment of the present invention has following function:
1) electric energy quality monitoring: can measure alternating current, alternating voltage progress, DC current, DC voltage, Active and reactive, harmonic wave can be monitored on-line simultaneously, power quality is assessed;
2) environmental monitoring: to the environment of switchgear house (external wind speed, temperature and humidity, and internal temperature and humidity, oxygen, SF6 Gas etc.) it is monitored;
3) switchgear house protects: being furnished with entrance guard device and infrared dual-technology sensor, personnel and progress to disengaging switchgear house Monitoring.
Embodiment two:
As shown in figure 3, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of switchgear house remote monitoring systems, comprising: include: host computer 300 and switchgear house intelligent monitor system 400 as the aforementioned, the host computer and switchgear house intelligent monitor system communication connect It connects.
In order to realize the long-range control to the switchgear house intelligent monitor system, led by host computer and station end monitoring The microcontroller of machine carries out telecommunication.
Specifically, the host computer is led for sending control instruction, and using the communication device and station end monitoring The microcontroller communication connection of machine.
Further, the host computer is mobile terminal or remote server.
Further, in order to widen the data transmission capabilities of the switchgear house intelligent monitor system, the station end prison is widened The scope of application of host is surveyed, the communication module of the station end monitoring host further includes wire communication module and radio communication mold Block;The wire communication module includes the module that RS485 communication module, RS232 communication module etc. are communicated with remote server;Institute Stating wireless communication module includes the wireless module that the mobile terminals such as 4G communication module are communicated, and communication is greatly widened The scope of application of station end monitoring host improves the automation and intelligence degree of the system of station end monitoring host.
SF6There is toxicity with the gas of oxygen mix, there are smog or SF when smoke sensor device measures surrounding enviroment6It passes When sensor, the oxygen sensor measure SF6, oxygen content and reach preset concentration (generate toxicity), host computer issues instruction Order controller of fan starting blower is aerated and issues air abnormality alarm to surrounding enviroment, when air abnormality alarm releases When, host computer stops the instruction of fan operation to issuing, and controller of fan, which receives, to be instructed and make blower out of service;Work as water logging When sensor measures surrounding enviroment and measures liquid level there are leak or liquid level sensor and transfinite, host computer issues designated command water pump Controller starts water pump, and when the water sensor can't detect leak or liquid level does not transfinite, host computer stops to sending The instruction of sealing pump operation, water pump controller, which receives, to be instructed and makes water pump out of service.
A kind of switchgear house remote monitoring system provided in an embodiment of the present invention is broadly divided into two large divisions, intelligent monitor system (constituting station end monitoring system) and host computer (constitute center after constituting central management system, such as server outfit software platform Management system).
End monitoring system of standing includes various detection sensors, data acquisition unit (environment acquisition device) and station end monitoring master Machine (industrial personal computer) several parts, end monitoring system of standing are mounted on each switchgear house, real-time monitoring scene actual environment state and each Item parameter, such as video, open fire, smog, personnel's illegal invasion, animal invasion, cable duct water inlet, ambient temperature and humidity, wind speed, door Taboo, air-conditioning state, SF6 concentration, O2 content etc., and live parameters and state are uploaded to by centre management by communication network System.
Central management system is divided into hardware platform and software platform, and hardware platform includes network communication apparatus, server, visitor Family machine etc., server are the cores of whole system, and basic task is the maintenance of data and the processing of data.The main function of software platform It can include concentrated collection, each station end system of management, plane show each station end real-time condition, including local map, main electrical scheme, set The interfaces such as standby operating condition, real-time detector data curve and historical data curve, it is intuitive to describe site environment state.
The technical effect and aforementioned intelligent of remote monitoring system provided by the embodiment of the present invention, realization principle and generation Monitoring system embodiment is identical, and to briefly describe, remote monitoring system embodiment part does not refer to place, can refer to aforementioned intelligent Corresponding contents in monitoring system embodiment.
It is apparent to those skilled in the art that for convenience and simplicity of description, the system of foregoing description Specific work process, can be with reference to the corresponding process in aforementioned device embodiment, details are not described herein.
In all examples being illustrated and described herein, any occurrence should be construed as merely illustratively, without It is as limitation, therefore, other examples of exemplary embodiment can have different values.
It should also be noted that similar label and letter indicate similar terms in following attached drawing, therefore, once a certain Xiang Yi It is defined in a attached drawing, does not then need that it is further defined and explained in subsequent attached drawing.
Referring to fig. 4, the embodiment of the present invention also provides a kind of server 100, as the host computer of remote monitoring system, the clothes Business device includes: processor 40, memory 41, bus 42 and communication interface 43, the processor 40, communication interface 43 and memory 41 are connected by bus 42;Processor 40 is for executing the executable module stored in memory 41, such as computer program.
Wherein, memory 41 may include high-speed random access memory (RAM, Random Access Memory), It may further include nonvolatile memory (non-volatile memory), for example, at least a magnetic disk storage.By at least One communication interface 43 (can be wired or wireless) realizes the communication between the system network element and at least one other network element Connection, can be used internet, wide area network, local network, Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) etc..
Bus 42 can be isa bus, pci bus or eisa bus etc..The bus can be divided into address bus, data Bus, control bus etc..Only to be indicated with a four-headed arrow convenient for indicating, in Fig. 4, it is not intended that an only bus or A type of bus.
Wherein, memory 41 is for storing program, and the processor 40 executes the journey after receiving and executing instruction Sequence, method performed by the device that the stream process that aforementioned any embodiment of the embodiment of the present invention discloses defines can be applied to handle In device 40, or realized by processor 40.
Processor 40 may be a kind of IC chip, the processing capacity with signal.During realization, above-mentioned side Each step of method can be completed by the integrated logic circuit of the hardware in processor 40 or the instruction of software form.Above-mentioned Processor 40 can be general processor, including central processing unit (Central Processing Unit, abbreviation CPU), network Processor (Network Processor, abbreviation NP) etc.;It can also be digital signal processor (Digital Signal Processing, abbreviation DSP), specific integrated circuit (Application Specific Integrated Circuit, referred to as ASIC), ready-made programmable gate array (Field-Programmable Gate Array, abbreviation FPGA) or other are programmable Logical device, discrete gate or transistor logic, discrete hardware components.It may be implemented or execute in the embodiment of the present invention Disclosed each method, step and logic diagram.General processor can be microprocessor or the processor is also possible to appoint What conventional processor etc..The step of method in conjunction with disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention, can be embodied directly in hardware decoding processing Device executes completion, or in decoding processor hardware and software module combination execute completion.Software module can be located at Machine memory, flash memory, read-only memory, programmable read only memory or electrically erasable programmable memory, register etc. are originally In the storage medium of field maturation.The storage medium is located at memory 41, and processor 40 reads the information in memory 41, in conjunction with Its hardware completes the step of above method.
In addition, in the description of the embodiment of the present invention unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, term " installation ", " phase Even ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected;It can To be mechanical connection, it is also possible to be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, can also can be indirectly connected through an intermediary Connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term can be understood at this with concrete condition Concrete meaning in invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term " center ", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "horizontal", "inner", "outside" be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, merely to Convenient for description the present invention and simplify description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, It is constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore is not considered as limiting the invention.In addition, term " first ", " second ", " third " is used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance.
Finally, it should be noted that embodiment described above, only a specific embodiment of the invention, to illustrate the present invention Technical solution, rather than its limitations, scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, although with reference to the foregoing embodiments to this hair It is bright to be described in detail, those skilled in the art should understand that: anyone skilled in the art In the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, it can still modify to technical solution documented by previous embodiment or can be light It is readily conceivable that variation or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features;And these modifications, variation or replacement, do not make The essence of corresponding technical solution is detached from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention, should all cover in protection of the invention Within the scope of.Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of switchgear house intelligent monitor system characterized by comprising stand end monitoring host, environment acquisition device, alarm dress It sets, entrance guard device and video monitoring apparatus;Wherein, the environment acquisition device, warning device, entrance guard device, video monitoring Device is connected with station end monitoring host;The station end monitoring host is arranged inside the switchgear house;The environment Acquisition device includes first environment acquisition device and second environment acquisition device, and the first environment acquisition device is arranged described Inside switchgear house;The second environment acquisition device is arranged outside the switchgear house;The warning device setting is matched described Electric chamber interior;The entrance guard device is arranged on the door of the switchgear house;The video monitoring apparatus is arranged in the switchgear house Outside.
2. switchgear house intelligent monitor system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the station end monitoring host is industry control Machine.
3. switchgear house intelligent monitor system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first environment acquisition device packet Include the first Temperature Humidity Sensor, air velocity transducer, the first liquid level sensor;The second environment acquisition device includes second warm and humid Spend sensor, gas sensor, the second liquid level sensor.
4. switchgear house intelligent monitor system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the warning device includes acousto-optic report Alert device.
5. switchgear house intelligent monitor system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the entrance guard device refers to including biology At least one of line identifier, iris recognition instrument, coded lock or access-control card reader.
6. switchgear house intelligent monitor system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the video monitoring apparatus includes taking the photograph As head.
7. switchgear house intelligent monitor system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include room ventilation ventilation dress It sets, dehumidification device and thermostat, the indoor ventilator, the dehumidification device and the thermostat It is connected respectively with station end monitoring host, the indoor ventilator, the dehumidification device and described automatic temperature-controlled Device is arranged inside the switchgear house.
8. switchgear house intelligent monitor system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it further include lighting device, the photograph Bright device is connected with station end monitoring host;The lighting device includes interior illuminator and outdoor illumination, institute The inside that the switchgear house is arranged in interior illuminator is stated, the outside of the switchgear house is arranged in the outdoor illumination.
9. a kind of switchgear house remote monitoring system characterized by comprising host computer and matching such as any one of claim 1-8 Electric room intelligent monitor system, the host computer and the switchgear house intelligent monitor system communication connection.
10. switchgear house remote monitoring system according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the host computer is movement Terminal or remote server.
CN201811356463.6A 2018-11-14 2018-11-14 Switchgear house intelligent monitor system and switchgear house remote monitoring system Pending CN109164857A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110568876A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-12-13 国网浙江省电力有限公司嘉兴供电公司 Substation equipment operation monitoring system
CN110647195A (en) * 2019-09-26 2020-01-03 湖南湘朗光电科技有限公司 Multi-target self-optimization seeking method and system for power distribution station
CN111857214A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-10-30 杭州巨骐信息科技股份有限公司 Computer lab environment observes and controls system based on face identification

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110568876A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-12-13 国网浙江省电力有限公司嘉兴供电公司 Substation equipment operation monitoring system
CN110647195A (en) * 2019-09-26 2020-01-03 湖南湘朗光电科技有限公司 Multi-target self-optimization seeking method and system for power distribution station
CN111857214A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-10-30 杭州巨骐信息科技股份有限公司 Computer lab environment observes and controls system based on face identification

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