CN109163420A - Automatic tracing heating system and method based on contact type measurement - Google Patents

Automatic tracing heating system and method based on contact type measurement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109163420A
CN109163420A CN201810822424.4A CN201810822424A CN109163420A CN 109163420 A CN109163420 A CN 109163420A CN 201810822424 A CN201810822424 A CN 201810822424A CN 109163420 A CN109163420 A CN 109163420A
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China
Prior art keywords
heating
anchor point
target
temperature
positioning
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Granted
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CN201810822424.4A
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CN109163420B (en
Inventor
单晓杭
万鸿超
孙建辉
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Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
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Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D19/00Details
    • F24D19/10Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F24D19/1096Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices for electric heating systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/50Control or safety arrangements characterised by user interfaces or communication
    • F24F11/56Remote control
    • F24F11/58Remote control using Internet communication
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/72Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure
    • F24F11/74Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure for controlling air flow rate or air velocity
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/72Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure
    • F24F11/79Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure for controlling the direction of the supplied air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/80Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the temperature of the supplied air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • F24F2110/10Temperature
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2120/00Control inputs relating to users or occupants
    • F24F2120/10Occupancy
    • F24F2120/12Position of occupants

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of automatic tracing heating system and method based on contact type measurement, including positioning device, temperature measuring device, coordinated control system and heating device, location information is sent to coordinated control system for positioning to human body by positioning device;Temperature measuring device measures human peripheral's environment temperature, and temperature information is transmitted to coordinated control system;Coordinated control system receives the location information and temperature information of people, and coordinated control system needs one or several heating devices of work to move to designated position according to the control of the location information of people;Temperature information is sent to coordinated control system by temperature measuring device real-time measurement people's ambient temperature, and coordinated control system adjusts the operating power of heating device according to Current Temperatures;The present invention to personnel positioning in region and can measure people's ambient temperature, and heating device is moved near personnel, directly heat to the region around people, realize the function of automatic tracing heating.

Description

Automatic tracing heating system and method based on contact type measurement
Technical field
The present invention relates to heating field, more specifically, more particularly to a kind of automatic tracing based on contact type measurement add Hot systems and method.
Background technique
Heating system refers to through artificial means, and the temperature of the air of environment in building or structures is adjusted and is controlled The process of system with the progress of society and the development of science and technology, in most large-scale occasions, such as school, factory or is write In building, heating system is all had been widely used.
With becoming increasingly conspicuous for energy problem, using the saving of the energy just seems particularly necessary, and existing heating is System such as air-conditioning system is heated to whole region, such as the air-conditioning in factory or the air-conditioning in megastore, heating or Person's cooling is that entire factory area or market region are heated up or cooled down, and the temperature-rise period speed is slow, heating time Long, energy consumption is high, and can also whole region be heated by only having less number even in region, or even is also required to very at nobody Heating system could be completely closed long, it is easy to resource be caused largely to waste.
Existing heating system and there is no in big region monomer or a small amount of target carry out specific aim part temperature The function of control is spent, therefore will greatly reduce the energy consumption of heating system in large area to the research of the direction, it is right The sustainable development of the energy has particularly important meaning.
Summary of the invention
It is to caused by whole region heating it is an object of the invention to solve existing heating system such as air-conditioning system The problem of heating rate is slow, heating time has been grown, energy consumption is high proposes a kind of automatic tracing heating system based on contact type measurement System and method, to personnel positioning in the region and can measure people's ambient temperature, according to the position of personnel in region and The quantity that the position and direction of ambient temperature adjustment heating device, heating temperature, heating device work is to realize automatic tracing The function of heating.
The present invention is through the following technical solutions to achieve the above objectives: a kind of automatic tracing heating based on contact type measurement System, including positioning device, temperature measuring device, coordinated control system and heating device, the positioning device are used for human body It is positioned, and location information is sent to coordinated control system;The temperature measuring device measures human peripheral's environment temperature, Temperature information is transmitted to coordinated control system;The coordinated control system receives the location information and temperature information of people, coordinates Control system needs one or several heating devices of work to move to designated position according to the control of the location information of people;Temperature Temperature information is sent to coordinated control system by measuring device real-time measurement people's ambient temperature, coordinated control system according to The operating power of Current Temperatures adjustment heating device;
The positioning device is positioned using super-broadband tech, that is, UWB technology, and positioning device is by sending and receiving tool There are nanosecond or nanosecond ultra-narrow pulse below to transmit data;Positioning device includes label, anchor point and location-server, label It is mobile and unknown coordinate object to be positioned, anchor point is node known to self-position or absolute coordinate, including several From anchor point and Bower Anchor point, directly and label communication completion ranging process, Bower Anchor point are responsible for collecting the ranging knot from anchor point from anchor point Fruit filters out null result, and is sent to location-server after preliminary data arrangement and carries out location Calculation, and sending time Calibration packet is given from anchor point to synchronize.Location-server calculates positioning result by the ranging information that Bower Anchor point is sent;
The temperature measuring device measures target environment temperature using contact type measurement method, and resistance and temperature is passed On work clothes, target, which needs to put on work clothes just, can measure the environment temperature on its periphery for sensor or thermocouple sensor, One thermal resistance temperature sensor or thermocouple sensor are respectively housed on the front of work clothes, rear portion and two coat-sleeves, when need When detecting the environment temperature on target periphery, 4 sensors on work clothes work at the same time detection environment temperature, the knot that will be obtained Fruit is averaged as environment temperature;
The heating device is infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and heating device motion mode is rotation, and as needed, n are added Thermal arranges at certain altitude that being incorporated into each heating device can rotate in the horizontal plane but also rotate on vertical guide Comprehensive holder on, encoder, horizontal plane are loaded onto using motor control cloud platform rotation and in revolvable both direction On encoder be known that the angle of heating device direction in the horizontal plane and due north, the encoder on vertical guide can be known Angle between the direction and plumb line of road heating device, when needing to adjust heating device direction makes some position of its face, Need to adjust the angle of the angle between the direction of heating device and plumb line and direction in a horizontal plane and direct north, i.e., Control holder makes the output of two encoders on horizontal plane and vertical guide reach certain value;When needing to add to some position When hot, adjust heating device direction make its face position after heat.
Further, whole region being separated into several sub-regions, multiple heating devices are responsible for heating a sub-regions, when When number is more than heating device in subregion, system control sytsem is equal according to obtained heat per capita, the maximum principle of gross energy Calculate the position of heating device;When number is less equal than heating device in subregion, everyone configures one or more heating Device, heating device are moved as the position of personnel is mobile.
A kind of automatic tracing heating means based on contact type measurement, include the following steps: positioning device in real time to target It is positioned, location information is sent to coordinated control system;Coordinated control system controls needs according to the location information of target One or several heating devices of work move to designated position;Temperature measuring device real-time measurement target ambient enviroment temperature Degree, is sent to coordinated control system for temperature information;Coordinated control system adjusts the work function of heating device according to Current Temperatures Rate;
The positioning device is positioned using super-broadband tech, that is, UWB technology, and positioning device is by sending and receiving tool There are nanosecond or nanosecond ultra-narrow pulse below to transmit data;Positioning device includes label, anchor point and location-server, label It is mobile and unknown coordinate target to be positioned, anchor point is node known to self-position or absolute coordinate, including several It is a from anchor point and Bower Anchor point, directly and label communication completion ranging process, Bower Anchor point are responsible for collecting the ranging from anchor point from anchor point When as a result, being filtered out to null result, and being sent to location-server after preliminary data arrangement and carry out location Calculation, and sending Between calibration packet to from anchor point to synchronize;Location-server calculates positioning result by the ranging information that Bower Anchor point is sent;
The temperature measuring device measures target environment temperature using contact type measurement method, and resistance and temperature is passed On work clothes, target, which needs to put on work clothes just, can measure the environment temperature on its periphery for sensor or thermocouple sensor, One thermal resistance temperature sensor or thermocouple sensor are respectively housed on the front of work clothes, rear portion and two coat-sleeves, when need When detecting the environment temperature on target periphery, 4 sensors on work clothes work at the same time detection environment temperature, the knot that will be obtained Fruit is averaged as environment temperature;
The heating device is infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and heating device motion mode is rotation, and as needed, n are added Thermal arranges at certain altitude that being incorporated into each heating device can rotate in the horizontal plane but also rotate on vertical guide Comprehensive holder on, encoder, horizontal plane are loaded onto using motor control cloud platform rotation and in revolvable both direction On encoder be known that the angle of heating device direction in the horizontal plane and due north, the encoder on vertical guide can be known Angle between the direction and plumb line of road heating device, when needing to adjust heating device direction makes some position of its face, Need to adjust the angle of the angle between the direction of heating device and plumb line and direction in a horizontal plane and direct north, i.e., Control holder makes the output of two encoders on horizontal plane and vertical guide reach certain value;When needing to add to some position When hot, adjust heating device direction make its face position after heat;
When heating device is infrared lamp, infrared lamp radiant illumination value q and the point to infrared lamp axes that certain point receives Distance r is related with heated current I, the infrared lamp radiant illumination value received at certain point:
Q=f (r, I);
When heating device is hot-air mouth, certain per unit area heater power P for receiving of point and the point to hot-air mouth away from From l, wind velocity v is related with leaving air temp out;Received per unit area heater power at certain point:
P=f (l, v, t);
The effect of coordinated control system is to receive location information and temperature information, formulates the corresponding heating of control strategy control Device gives target heat supply;When one or more targets are in heating region, need to make the radiant illumination value at each target Or per unit area heater power reaches certain value;When having has m target in region, in order to reach heating demand, coordinated control System formulates control strategy, and control strategy is transmitted to the heating device for needing work;Control strategy includes which is controlled to add Thermal work and heating device are heated with great power;
Specific control strategy is as follows: when there are the heating device of multiple movements, the heat supply quantity of specific heating device And the selection of the heat supply heat of each heating device is as follows: assuming that there is n heating device, the number of heating device is respectively as follows: 1, L,n;M heating device therein is selected to be moved to m specified positions, the number of these positions distinguishes position are as follows: 1, L, m, Middle m≤n, the mobile cost that i-th of heating device is moved to position j is cij;xijFor decision variable, in 0 or 10 indicate i-th plus Thermal moves on to position j;Constraint condition is MinJ=1, L, m;I=1, L, n, xij =0or1, wherein MinFor objective function, that is, minimizes and always move on to cost;J=1, L, m expression move on to Each position to heating device to quantity be 1;I=1, L, n indicate that each heating device can only at most move on to one Designated position, xijThe value range of=0or1 expression decision variable;Specific step is as follows:
Step1: each heating device i is calculatedAccording toValue rearrange correspondence from small to large Decision variable xi, whereinThe smallest x of valueiBecome x1, it is worth maximum xiBecome xn, one binary system of decision scheme Number X=(x1x2L xn)2It indicates, such as X=(00L 01)2Indicate that n-th of heating device after rearranging is opened, remaining pass It closes;
Step2: setting Y=∞,The scheme currently taken is X=(x1x2L xn)2=(00L 1)2;According to QjValue its constraint condition is ranked up from big to small, i.e. QjBe worth it is maximum be set as first constraint, it is secondary big to be set as second Constraint ..., it is the smallest to be set as the last one constraint;
Step3: the target function value of Current protocols is calculatedIf target function value is less than Y, then it is arranged first about Beam is present confinement, otherwise goes to Step6;
Step4: according to Current protocols X=(x1x2L xn)2Judge whether current constraints meet, turns if meeting To Step5, Step6 is otherwise gone to;
Step5: judge whether, if any then taking next constraint to be used as present confinement, to go to there are also constraining not check Step4;Otherwise optimizing decision scheme is updatedFor Current protocols X, enabling Y is the target function value of current decision making scheme X, is gone to Step6;
Step6: judge X+1≤(11L 1)2Whether meet, take next scheme if meeting, works as even X=X+1 is used as Front case, goes to Step3;Otherwise Step7 is gone to;
Step7: algorithm terminates, and exports optimizing decision schemeAnd corresponding optimal value Y, if Y=∞,Then Show problem without feasible solution.
Further, arrival time difference positioning algorithm i.e. TDOA location algorithm is used to calculate as the core of entire positioning device Method, TDOA location algorithm are to set up solution by a kind of mathematical model, and what it was mainly utilized is hyp in mathematics Characteristic, when there are two fixed points, another dynamic point can with the two fixed points on the hyperbola of focus, when simultaneously There are when data structure as such two groups or multiple groups, these hyp intersection points are exactly desired target object Position.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, the present invention to personnel positioning in region and can measure people's ambient temperature, according to the position of personnel in region It sets and ambient temperature adjusts the quantity etc. that the position and direction, heating temperature, heating device of heating device work, heating device moves It moves near personnel, directly the region around people is heated, the position and direction of heating device are moved with personnel, are realized automatic Track the function of heating.
2, the present invention can position personnel in the region in real time, and heating device can be moved with the position of personnel, realize Track the function of heating.
3, the present invention does not need to heat entire environment, only heats personnel peripheral region, heating rate is fast, heating time Short, energy consumption is few.
4, when the present invention is fewer in number in region, people's corresponding heating device work, remaining heating device can be to Machine state;When in the region nobody when, heating system stops working, effectively the drawbacks of solving existing heating system, reduction energy Consumption.
5, the present invention is positioned using UWB technology, and target carries label, its indoors high-precision fixed may be implemented Position, improves the accuracy of heating location.
6, the present invention can accurately measure target by thermal resistance temperature sensor or thermocouple sensor on work clothes The environment temperature of surrounding.
7, heating device of the invention uses infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and the Heating body as core is whole without movement Mechanical structure is simple, reduces overall cost.
8, the present invention adjusts heating power according to the temperature around target, improves the comfort level of target ambient enviroment.
9, the present invention is when destination number is less in subregion, the corresponding heating device work of target, remaining heating device It can be at standby mode;When in the region without target, heating system stops working, and effectively solves the disadvantage of existing heating system End reduces energy consumption.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the basic structure schematic diagram of the automatic tracing heating system the present invention is based on contact type measurement.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of positioning device of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a kind of workflow schematic diagram of the automatic tracing heating means based on contact type measurement of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings:
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, a kind of automatic tracing heating system based on contact type measurement, including positioning device, Temperature measuring device, coordinated control system and heating device, the positioning device are believed for positioning to human body, and by positioning Breath is sent to coordinated control system;The temperature measuring device measures human peripheral's environment temperature, and temperature information is transmitted to coordination Control system;The coordinated control system receives the location information and temperature information of people, and coordinated control system is according to the position of people Confidence breath control needs one or several heating devices of work to move to designated position;Temperature measuring device real-time measurement people Temperature information is sent to coordinated control system by ambient temperature, and coordinated control system adjusts heating dress according to Current Temperatures The operating power set;
The positioning device is positioned using super-broadband tech, that is, UWB technology, and positioning device is by sending and receiving tool There are nanosecond or nanosecond ultra-narrow pulse below to transmit data;Positioning device includes label, anchor point and location-server, label It is mobile and unknown coordinate object to be positioned, anchor point is node known to self-position or absolute coordinate, including several From anchor point and Bower Anchor point, directly and label communication completion ranging process, Bower Anchor point are responsible for collecting the ranging knot from anchor point from anchor point Fruit filters out null result, and is sent to location-server after preliminary data arrangement and carries out location Calculation, and sending time Calibration packet is given from anchor point to synchronize.Location-server calculates positioning result by the ranging information that Bower Anchor point is sent;
The temperature measuring device measures target environment temperature using contact type measurement method, and resistance and temperature is passed On work clothes, target, which needs to put on work clothes just, can measure the environment temperature on its periphery for sensor or thermocouple sensor, One thermal resistance temperature sensor or thermocouple sensor are respectively housed on the front of work clothes, rear portion and two coat-sleeves, when need When detecting the environment temperature on target periphery, 4 sensors on work clothes work at the same time detection environment temperature, the knot that will be obtained Fruit is averaged as environment temperature;
The heating device is infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and heating device motion mode is rotation, and as needed, n are added Thermal arranges at certain altitude that being incorporated into each heating device can rotate in the horizontal plane but also rotate on vertical guide Comprehensive holder on, encoder, horizontal plane are loaded onto using motor control cloud platform rotation and in revolvable both direction On encoder be known that the angle of heating device direction in the horizontal plane and due north, the encoder on vertical guide can be known Angle between the direction and plumb line of road heating device, when needing to adjust heating device direction makes some position of its face, Need to adjust the angle of the angle between the direction of heating device and plumb line and direction in a horizontal plane and direct north, i.e., Control holder makes the output of two encoders on horizontal plane and vertical guide reach certain value;When needing to add to some position When hot, adjust heating device direction make its face position after heat.
Whole region is separated into several sub-regions, multiple heating devices are responsible for heating a sub-regions, when in subregion When number is more than heating device, system control sytsem is equal according to obtained heat per capita, and the maximum principle of gross energy calculates heating The position of device;When number is less equal than heating device in subregion, everyone configures one or more heating devices, heating Device is moved as the position of personnel is mobile.
A kind of automatic tracing heating means based on contact type measurement, include the following steps: positioning device in real time to target It is positioned, location information is sent to coordinated control system;Coordinated control system controls needs according to the location information of target One or several heating devices of work move to designated position;Temperature measuring device real-time measurement target ambient enviroment temperature Degree, is sent to coordinated control system for temperature information;Coordinated control system adjusts the work function of heating device according to Current Temperatures Rate;
The positioning device is positioned using super-broadband tech, that is, UWB technology, and positioning device is by sending and receiving tool There are nanosecond or nanosecond ultra-narrow pulse below to transmit data;Positioning device includes label, anchor point and location-server, label It is mobile and unknown coordinate target to be positioned, anchor point is node known to self-position or absolute coordinate, including several It is a from anchor point and Bower Anchor point, directly and label communication completion ranging process, Bower Anchor point are responsible for collecting the ranging from anchor point from anchor point When as a result, being filtered out to null result, and being sent to location-server after preliminary data arrangement and carry out location Calculation, and sending Between calibration packet to from anchor point to synchronize;Location-server calculates positioning result by the ranging information that Bower Anchor point is sent;
The temperature measuring device measures target environment temperature using contact type measurement method, and resistance and temperature is passed On work clothes, target, which needs to put on work clothes just, can measure the environment temperature on its periphery for sensor or thermocouple sensor, One thermal resistance temperature sensor or thermocouple sensor are respectively housed on the front of work clothes, rear portion and two coat-sleeves, when need When detecting the environment temperature on target periphery, 4 sensors on work clothes work at the same time detection environment temperature, the knot that will be obtained Fruit is averaged as environment temperature;
The heating device is infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and heating device motion mode is rotation, and as needed, n are added Thermal arranges at certain altitude that being incorporated into each heating device can rotate in the horizontal plane but also rotate on vertical guide Comprehensive holder on, encoder, horizontal plane are loaded onto using motor control cloud platform rotation and in revolvable both direction On encoder be known that the angle of heating device direction in the horizontal plane and due north, the encoder on vertical guide can be known Angle between the direction and plumb line of road heating device, when needing to adjust heating device direction makes some position of its face, Need to adjust the angle of the angle between the direction of heating device and plumb line and direction in a horizontal plane and direct north, i.e., Control holder makes the output of two encoders on horizontal plane and vertical guide reach certain value;When needing to add to some position When hot, adjust heating device direction make its face position after heat;
When heating device is infrared lamp, infrared lamp radiant illumination value q and the point to infrared lamp axes that certain point receives Distance r is related with heated current I, the infrared lamp radiant illumination value received at certain point:
Q=f (r, I);
When heating device is hot-air mouth, certain per unit area heater power P for receiving of point and the point to hot-air mouth away from From l, wind velocity v is related with leaving air temp out;Received per unit area heater power at certain point:
P=f (l, v, t);
The effect of coordinated control system is to receive location information and temperature information, formulates the corresponding heating of control strategy control Device gives target heat supply;When one or more targets are in heating region, need to make the radiant illumination value at each target Or per unit area heater power reaches certain value;When having has m target in region, in order to reach heating demand, coordinated control System formulates control strategy, and control strategy is transmitted to the heating device for needing work;Control strategy includes which is controlled to add Thermal work and heating device are heated with great power;
Specific control strategy is as follows: when there are the heating device of multiple movements, the heat supply quantity of specific heating device And the selection of the heat supply heat of each heating device is as follows: assuming that there is n heating device, the number of heating device is respectively as follows: 1, L,n;M heating device therein is selected to be moved to m specified positions, the number of these positions distinguishes position are as follows: 1, L, m, Middle m≤n, the mobile cost that i-th of heating device is moved to position j is cij;xijFor decision variable, in 0 or 10 indicate i-th plus Thermal moves on to position j;Constraint condition is MinJ=1, L, m;I=1, L, n, xij =0or1, wherein MinFor objective function, that is, minimizes and always move on to cost;J=1, L, m expression move on to Each position to heating device to quantity be 1;I=1, L, n indicate that each heating device can only at most move on to one Designated position, xijThe value range of=0or1 expression decision variable;Specific step is as follows:
Step1: each heating device i is calculatedAccording toValue rearrange correspondence from small to large Decision variable xi, whereinThe smallest x of valueiBecome x1, it is worth maximum xiBecome xn, one binary system of decision scheme Number X=(x1x2L xn)2It indicates, such as X=(00L 01)2Indicate that n-th of heating device after rearranging is opened, remaining pass It closes;
Step2: setting Y=∞,The scheme currently taken is X=(x1x2L xn)2=(00L 1)2;According to QjValue its constraint condition is ranked up from big to small, i.e. QjBe worth it is maximum be set as first constraint, it is secondary big to be set as second Constraint ..., it is the smallest to be set as the last one constraint;
Step3: the target function value of Current protocols is calculatedIf target function value is less than Y, then it is arranged first about Beam is present confinement, otherwise goes to Step6;
Step4: according to Current protocols X=(x1x2L xn)2Judge whether current constraints meet, turns if meeting To Step5, Step6 is otherwise gone to;
Step5: judge whether, if any then taking next constraint to be used as present confinement, to go to there are also constraining not check Step4;Otherwise optimizing decision scheme is updatedFor Current protocols X, enabling Y is the target function value of current decision making scheme X, is gone to Step6;
Step6: judge X+1≤(11L 1)2Whether meet, take next scheme if meeting, works as even X=X+1 is used as Front case, goes to Step3;Otherwise Step7 is gone to;
Step7: algorithm terminates, and exports optimizing decision schemeAnd corresponding optimal value Y, if Y=∞,Then Show problem without feasible solution.
Above-described embodiment is presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not a limitation on the technical scheme of the present invention, as long as Without the technical solution that creative work can be realized on the basis of the above embodiments, it is regarded as falling into the invention patent Rights protection scope in.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of automatic tracing heating system based on contact type measurement, it is characterised in that: including positioning device, temperature measurement dress It sets, location information is sent to association for positioning to human body by coordinated control system and heating device, the positioning device Adjust control system;The temperature measuring device measures human peripheral's environment temperature, and temperature information is transmitted to coordinated control system;Institute Location information and temperature information that coordinated control system receives people are stated, coordinated control system controls need according to the location information of people One or several to be worked heating device moves to designated position;Temperature measuring device real-time measurement people's ambient enviroment temperature Temperature information is sent to coordinated control system by degree, and coordinated control system adjusts the work function of heating device according to Current Temperatures Rate;
The positioning device is positioned using super-broadband tech, that is, UWB technology, and positioning device is received by sending and receiving to have Second or nanosecond ultra-narrow pulse below transmit data;Positioning device includes label, anchor point and location-server, and label is to move Dynamic and unknown coordinate object to be positioned, anchor point is node known to self-position or absolute coordinate, including several are from anchor Point and Bower Anchor point, from anchor point directly and label communication completion ranging process, Bower Anchor point is responsible for collecting the distance measurement result from anchor point, right Null result is filtered out, and is sent to location-server after preliminary data arrangement and is carried out location Calculation, and send time calibration Wrap to from anchor point to synchronize;Location-server calculates positioning result by the ranging information that Bower Anchor point is sent;
The temperature measuring device measures target environment temperature using contact type measurement method, by thermal resistance temperature sensor Or thermocouple sensor, on work clothes, target, which needs to put on work clothes just, can measure the environment temperature on its periphery, in work Make on the front, rear portion and two coat-sleeves that take respectively equipped with a thermal resistance temperature sensor or thermocouple sensor, when needing to examine When surveying the environment temperature on target periphery, 4 sensors on work clothes work at the same time detection environment temperature, and obtained result is taken It is averagely environment temperature;
The heating device is infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and heating device motion mode is rotation, and as needed, n heating is filled It sets at arrangement certain altitude, each heating device, which is incorporated into, can rotate in the horizontal plane but also rotate on vertical guide complete On the holder in orientation, encoder is loaded onto using motor control cloud platform rotation and in revolvable both direction, on horizontal plane Encoder is known that the angle of heating device direction in the horizontal plane and due north, the encoder on vertical guide be known that plus Angle between the direction and plumb line of thermal is needed when needing to adjust heating device direction makes some position of its face The angle between the direction and plumb line of heating device and the angle in direction and direct north in a horizontal plane are adjusted, that is, is controlled Holder makes the output of two encoders on horizontal plane and vertical guide reach certain value;When needing to heat to some position When, adjust heating device direction make its face position after heat.
2. the automatic tracing heating system according to claim 1 based on contact type measurement, it is characterised in that: by entire area Domain separates several sub-regions, and multiple heating devices are responsible for heating a sub-regions, when number is more than heating device in subregion When, system control sytsem is equal according to obtained heat per capita, and the maximum principle of gross energy calculates the position of heating device;Work as sub-district When number is less equal than heating device in domain, everyone configures one or more heating devices, heating device with personnel position It sets mobile and moves.
3. a kind of automatic tracing heating means based on contact type measurement, characterized by the following steps: positioning device is real When target is positioned, location information is sent to coordinated control system;Coordinated control system is according to the location information of target Control needs one or several heating devices of work to move to designated position;Around temperature measuring device real-time measurement target Temperature information is sent to coordinated control system by environment temperature;Coordinated control system adjusts heating device according to Current Temperatures Operating power;
The positioning device is positioned using super-broadband tech, that is, UWB technology, and positioning device is received by sending and receiving to have Second or nanosecond ultra-narrow pulse below transmit data;Positioning device includes label, anchor point and location-server, and label is to move Dynamic and unknown coordinate target to be positioned, anchor point is node known to self-position or absolute coordinate, including several from Anchor point and Bower Anchor point, directly and label communication completion ranging process from anchor point, Bower Anchor point is responsible for collecting the distance measurement result from anchor point, Null result is filtered out, and is sent to location-server after preliminary data arrangement and carries out location Calculation, and sending time school Quasi- packet is given from anchor point to synchronize;Location-server calculates positioning result by the ranging information that Bower Anchor point is sent;
The temperature measuring device measures target environment temperature using contact type measurement method, by thermal resistance temperature sensor Or thermocouple sensor, on work clothes, target, which needs to put on work clothes just, can measure the environment temperature on its periphery, in work Make on the front, rear portion and two coat-sleeves that take respectively equipped with a thermal resistance temperature sensor or thermocouple sensor, when needing to examine When surveying the environment temperature on target periphery, 4 sensors on work clothes work at the same time detection environment temperature, and obtained result is taken It is averagely environment temperature;
The heating device is infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and heating device motion mode is rotation, and as needed, n heating is filled It sets at arrangement certain altitude, each heating device, which is incorporated into, can rotate in the horizontal plane but also rotate on vertical guide complete On the holder in orientation, encoder is loaded onto using motor control cloud platform rotation and in revolvable both direction, on horizontal plane Encoder is known that the angle of heating device direction in the horizontal plane and due north, the encoder on vertical guide be known that plus Angle between the direction and plumb line of thermal is needed when needing to adjust heating device direction makes some position of its face The angle between the direction and plumb line of heating device and the angle in direction and direct north in a horizontal plane are adjusted, that is, is controlled Holder makes the output of two encoders on horizontal plane and vertical guide reach certain value;When needing to heat to some position When, adjust heating device direction make its face position after heat;
When heating device is infrared lamp, infrared lamp radiant illumination value q and the point to infrared lamp axial line distance r that certain point receives Infrared lamp radiant illumination value related with heated current I, being received at certain point:
Q=f (r, I);
When heating device is hot-air mouth, the per unit area heater power P and the point to hot-air mouth distance l that certain point receives, Wind velocity v is related with leaving air temp out;Received per unit area heater power at certain point:
P=f (l, v, t);
The effect of coordinated control system is to receive location information and temperature information, formulates control strategy and controls corresponding heating device Give target heat supply;When one or more targets are in heating region, need to make the radiant illumination value or list at each target Plane product heating power reaches certain value;When having has m target in region, in order to reach heating demand, coordinated control system Control strategy is formulated, and control strategy is transmitted to the heating device for needing work;Control strategy includes which heating dress controlled Work and heating device is set to be heated with great power;
Specific control strategy is as follows: when there are the heating device of multiple movements, the heat supply quantity of specific heating device and every The selection of the heat supply heat of a heating device is as follows: assuming that there is n heating device, the number of heating device is respectively as follows: 1, L, n; Select m heating device therein to be moved to the specified positions m, the number of these positions distinguishes position are as follows: 1, L, m, wherein m≤ N, the mobile cost that i-th of heating device is moved to position j is cij;xijFor decision variable, 0 indicates the i-th heating device in 0 or 1 Move on to position j;Constraint condition is MinJ=1, L, m;I=1, L, n, xij=0 or 1, wherein MinFor objective function, that is, minimizes and always move on to cost;J=1, L, m expression move on to each Position to heating device to quantity be 1;I=1, L, n indicate that each heating device can only at most move on to one and specify Position, xijThe value range of=0 or 1 expression decision variable;Specific step is as follows:
Step1: each heating device i is calculatedAccording toValue rearrange corresponding decision from small to large Variable xi, whereinThe smallest x of valueiBecome x1, it is worth maximum xiBecome xn, one binary number X of decision scheme =(x1x2L xn)2It indicates, such as X=(00L 01)2Indicate that n-th of heating device after rearranging is opened, remaining closing;
Step2: setting Y=∞,The scheme currently taken is X=(x1x2L xn)2=(00L 1)2;According to Qj's Value is from big to small ranked up its constraint condition, i.e. QjBe worth it is maximum be set as first constraint, it is secondary big to be set as second about Beam ..., it is the smallest to be set as the last one constraint;
Step3: the target function value of Current protocols is calculatedIf target function value is less than Y, then it is arranged first and is constrained to Otherwise present confinement goes to Step6;
Step4: according to Current protocols X=(x1x2L xn)2Judge whether current constraints meet, is gone to if meeting Otherwise Step5 goes to Step6;
Step5: judge whether, if any then taking next constraint to be used as present confinement, to go to Step4 there are also constraining not check; Otherwise optimizing decision scheme is updatedFor Current protocols X, enabling Y is the target function value of current decision making scheme X, goes to Step6;
Step6: judge X+1≤(11L 1)2Whether meet, take next scheme if meeting, even X=X+1, which is used as, works as front Case goes to Step3;Otherwise Step7 is gone to;
Step7: algorithm terminates, and exports optimizing decision schemeAnd corresponding optimal value Y, if Y=∞,Then show Problem is without feasible solution.
4. the automatic tracing heating means according to claim 1 based on contact type measurement, it is characterised in that: use arrival Digital algorithm, that is, core algorithm of the TDOA location algorithm as entire positioning device, TDOA location algorithm is to pass through one kind Mathematical model sets up solution, and what it was mainly utilized is hyp characteristic in mathematics, when there are two fixed points, Another dynamic point can with the two fixed points on the hyperbola of focus, when existing simultaneously such two groups or multiple groups in this way Data structure when, these hyp intersection points are exactly the position of desired target object.
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