CN109160293B - River and sea combined transport container transfer system and method based on rail truck - Google Patents

River and sea combined transport container transfer system and method based on rail truck Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109160293B
CN109160293B CN201810902877.8A CN201810902877A CN109160293B CN 109160293 B CN109160293 B CN 109160293B CN 201810902877 A CN201810902877 A CN 201810902877A CN 109160293 B CN109160293 B CN 109160293B
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port
loading
target
unloading
containers
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CN109160293A (en
Inventor
李云耀
吴克非
谢鹏
杨璟旻
方亚非
张峰
黄泽星
王增力
卢宏良
徐荣
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China Railway Wuhan Survey and Design and Institute Co Ltd
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China Railway Wuhan Survey and Design and Institute Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G63/00Transferring or trans-shipping at storage areas, railway yards or harbours or in opening mining cuts; Marshalling yard installations

Abstract

The invention provides a river and sea combined transport container transfer system and method based on a rail truck, wherein the system comprises: the first port container management subsystem is used for generating and sending the container intermodal forecast information and the loading plan; the railway transportation management subsystem is used for starting the traction locomotive to connect the track collection trucks which stop in the preset area of the first port and are loaded with the containers with each other to form a railway train, dispatching the railway train to run to the second port and sending the actual information of the container intermodal transportation; the second port container management subsystem is used for issuing a first unloading plan and a first loading plan when a direct unloading and loading mode is adopted; when the unloading and loading mode in the yard is adopted, a second unloading plan and a second loading plan are issued; and the target loader is used for executing the first unloading plan, the first loading plan, the second unloading plan and the second loading plan. By applying the embodiment of the invention, the system universality and the container transportation efficiency are improved.

Description

River and sea combined transport container transfer system and method based on rail truck
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of cargo transportation, in particular to a river and sea combined transport container transfer system and method based on a rail collection truck.
Background
The container transportation is that this kind of container is the carrier, assembles the collection into the collection dress unit with the goods to use large-scale handling machinery and large-scale vehicle of carrying to load and unload, transport operation, thereby accomplish the transportation task, be a novel, high efficiency and high-efficient transportation mode, adopt the container transportation mode, can reduce the loss and the loss of goods, guarantee the transportation quality, be the important development direction of freight.
The container transportation mostly adopts an intermodal transportation mode, that is, containers are used as transportation units, and different transportation modes are organically combined together to form continuous and comprehensive integrated cargo transportation, such as river and sea intermodal transportation, water and iron intermodal transportation, highway and railway intermodal transportation, sea and highway intermodal transportation and the like.
At present, most of container transportation based on river and sea combined transportation adopts a ferry to complete container transfer between two ports, but the method is limited by the depth of water of a sea entrance channel of a port, and the requirements of ferry operation on the transportation capacity cannot be met due to the limited ship traffic capacity, ship tonnage and ship quantity of some ports, so that the transportation of the containers cannot be realized, the universality is not strong, and the transportation efficiency is lower when the ferry is adopted to transfer the containers between the two ports, so that a new container transportation system and a new container transportation method based on river and sea combined transportation need to be designed to overcome the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provides a river and sea combined transport container transfer system and method based on a rail collection truck so as to improve the system universality and the container transportation efficiency.
The invention is realized by the following steps:
in a first aspect, the invention provides a river and sea intermodal container transfer system based on a rail collection truck, the system comprising a first port container management subsystem, a railway transportation management subsystem and a second port container management subsystem, the rail collection truck, a first type of loader for loading and unloading containers at the first port and a second type of loader for loading and unloading containers at the second port, the first type of loader comprising a first shore crane, wherein,
the first port container management subsystem is used for receiving container manifest information sent by a first type of transport ship and generating container intermodal forecast information based on the container manifest information; generating a loading plan according to the container intermodal forecast information and the front yard condition of the first port, and issuing the loading plan to a first shore crane, a rail collection truck and a railway transportation management subsystem; after a customs clearance instruction is detected, sending container intermodal forecast information to a railway transportation management subsystem; the first type of carrier is a container carrier arriving at a first port;
the railway transportation management subsystem is used for starting the traction locomotive according to the obtained loading plan so that the traction locomotive can connect the track collection trucks which stop in the first port preset area and are loaded with the containers with each other to form a railway train loaded with the containers; generating a railway transportation plan according to the obtained container intermodal forecast information, and scheduling the railway train to run to a preset parking place on one side of a storage yard in front of a second port according to the railway transportation plan when the railway train is detected to meet the preset transportation condition; generating actual information of container intermodal transportation by using actual information of containers loaded when a railway train arrives at a preset parking place on one side of a yard in front of a second port; sending actual information of container intermodal transportation to a second port container management subsystem; the railway train runs by means of power provided by a traction locomotive;
the first shore crane is used for loading the containers in the first type of transport ship to the rail collection truck according to a loading plan;
the track collection truck is used for loading the obtained containers according to a loading plan and driving the containers to a first port preset area;
the second port container management subsystem is used for selecting an unloading and loading mode according to the obtained estimated arrival time of each second type of transport ship; when the selected unloading and loading mode is a direct unloading and loading mode, determining a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the acquired actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type transport ship, generating a first unloading plan and a first loading plan, issuing the first unloading plan to the target loader, and issuing the first loading plan to the target loader and the track collection truck after detecting that the target transport ship reaches a second port; when the selected unloading and loading mode is a unloading and loading mode in a yard, determining a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information, generating a second unloading plan and a second loading plan, and issuing the second unloading plan to the target loader; after the target transport ship is detected to reach a second port, a second ship loading plan is issued to the target loader-unloader;
the track collection truck is also used for loading the containers to travel to the second port wharf according to the first shipping plan if the transportation direction of the self-loading container is consistent with that of the target transport ship after the first shipping plan is obtained;
the target loading and unloading machine is used for unloading containers with the transport destinations consistent with the transport directions of the target transport ships in the containers loaded by the railway train to the target yard position according to the first unloading plan after the first unloading plan is obtained, loading the containers with the transport destinations consistent with the transport directions of the target transport ships in the containers stacked in the yard in front of the second port and the containers in the track collection trucks at the wharf of the second port to the target transport ships according to the first loading plan after the first loading plan is obtained, unloading the containers loaded by the railway train according to the second unloading plan after the second unloading plan is obtained, and parking the unloaded containers to the target yard position; and after the second shipping plan is obtained, loading the containers parked to the target yard position to the target transport ship according to the second shipping plan.
Optionally, the first port container management subsystem is further configured to send container intermodal forecast information to the second port container management subsystem after detecting a customs clearance instruction;
a second port container management subsystem further for determining a predetermined yard location reserved for parking containers, a predetermined second type of handler reserved for handling containers, and a predetermined second type of carrier reserved for transporting containers based on the obtained container intermodal forecast information,
the second port container management subsystem determines a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type transport ship, and specifically comprises the following steps: determining a target yard position from the preset yard positions, a target loader from the preset second type of loaders and a target transport ship from the preset second type of transport ships based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type of transport ship;
the second port container management subsystem determines a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the obtained actual information of the container intermodal transportation, and specifically comprises the following steps: and determining a target yard position from the predetermined yard positions, a target loader from the predetermined second type of loader, and a target transport ship from the predetermined second type of transport ship based on the obtained actual information of the intermodal transportation of the containers.
Optionally, the system further comprises a container management subsystem,
the first port container management subsystem is also used for sending container intermodal forecast information to the container management subsystem;
the railway transportation management subsystem is also used for sending actual information of container intermodal transportation to the container management subsystem;
and the second port container management subsystem is also used for sending the transportation information of the containers loaded to the target transport ship to the container management subsystem.
Optionally, the first port preset area is a preset parking place at one side of a storage yard in front of the first port.
Optionally, the railway transportation management subsystem detects that the railway train meets a preset transportation condition, and specifically includes:
detecting that the total number of the loaded containers of the railway train reaches the total number of the containers in the container intermodal forecast information; alternatively, the first and second electrodes may be,
detecting that a loaded container of a railway train meets a preset bearing range of the railway train; alternatively, the first and second electrodes may be,
the number of track collection trucks used to form the railroad train is detected to reach a preset track collection truck total number.
Optionally, the railway transportation management subsystem schedules the railway train to travel to a preset parking place on one side of a yard in front of the second port according to a railway transportation plan, and specifically comprises:
according to the railway transportation plan, dispatching railway trains to start from a preset parking place on one side of a yard in front of a first port, crossing a first port management boundary to enter a special railway section line between the first port and a second port, passing through the special railway section line to a second port management boundary, and crossing the second port management boundary to travel to the preset parking place on one side of the yard in front of the second port.
Optionally, the target loader includes a track crane and a gantry crane, and the target loader unloads a container, whose transport destination is inconsistent with the transport direction of the target transport ship, in the containers loaded on the railway train to a target yard position according to a first unloading plan, specifically:
the gantry crane transfers containers with different transportation destinations and different transportation directions of the target transport ship in the containers loaded by the railway train to the track crane according to the first unloading plan;
loading the containers by the rail crane according to a first unloading plan and transferring the containers to a target storage yard;
the target loading and unloading machine unloads the containers loaded by the railway train according to a second unloading plan, and parks the unloaded containers to a target yard position, and the method specifically comprises the following steps: and the gantry crane transfers the containers in the railway train at the preset parking position on one side of the yard in front of the second port to the track crane according to the second unloading plan, and the track crane loads the containers according to the second unloading plan and transfers the containers to the target yard position.
Optionally, the second port container management subsystem selects an unloading and loading mode according to the obtained estimated arrival time of each second type of transport ship, specifically:
selecting the unloading and loading mode as a direct unloading and loading mode for the second type of transport ship of which the difference value between the estimated arrival time and the current time is less than a preset threshold value;
and selecting the unloading and loading mode as a yard transfer unloading and loading mode for the second type of transport ships with the difference value between the estimated arrival time and the current time not less than a preset threshold value.
Optionally, the target loader further comprises a second shore crane and a port collection truck,
the target loading and unloading machine loads containers with the transportation destinations consistent with the transportation directions of the target transport ship and containers in a track collection truck of a second port wharf into the target transport ship according to a first shipping plan, and specifically comprises the following steps: loading containers with the transportation destinations consistent with the transportation directions of the target transport ships in the containers stacked in the storage yard in front of the second port to a port collection truck by the rail crane according to the first shipping plan; loading the obtained containers by the port collection truck according to the first shipping plan and driving to a second port wharf; the second shore crane loads containers in the port collection truck at the second port terminal and containers in the rail collection truck at the second port terminal to the target carrier according to the first shipment plan;
the target loading and unloading machine loads the containers parked at the target storage yard position to the target transport ship according to a second shipping plan, and specifically comprises the following steps: loading the containers parked at the target storage yard position to a port collection truck by the rail crane according to a second shipping plan; loading the obtained containers by the port collection truck according to a second shipping plan and driving to a second port wharf; the second shore crane loads containers in the port collection truck at the second port terminal to the target carrier according to the second shipping schedule.
In a second aspect, the invention provides a river and sea combined transport container transferring method based on a rail collection truck, which comprises the following steps:
receiving container warehouse receipt information sent by a first type of transport ship, and generating container intermodal forecast information based on the container warehouse receipt information; generating a loading plan according to the container intermodal forecast information and the front yard condition of the first port; the first type of carrier is a container carrier arriving at a first port;
issuing a loading plan to a first shore crane and a track collection truck so that a first type loader loads containers in a first type transport ship to the track collection truck according to the loading plan, and enabling the track collection truck to load the obtained containers according to the loading plan and drive to a first port preset area; starting a traction locomotive according to the loading plan so that the traction locomotive connects track collection trucks which stop in a first port preset area and are loaded with containers with each other to form a railway train loaded with containers; the railway train runs by means of power provided by a traction locomotive;
after a customs clearance instruction is detected, generating a railway transportation plan according to the container intermodal forecast information;
when the railway train is detected to meet the preset transportation condition, the railway train is dispatched to a preset parking place on one side of the storage yard in front of the second port according to the railway transportation plan, and the actual information of the loaded container is generated by using the actual information of the container when the railway train reaches the preset parking place on one side of the storage yard in front of the second port;
selecting an unloading and loading mode according to the obtained estimated arrival time of each second type transport ship;
when the selected unloading and loading mode is a direct unloading and loading mode, determining a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship and generating a first unloading plan and a first loading plan based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type transport ship;
issuing a first unloading plan to the target loading and unloading machine, and issuing a first loading plan to the target loading and unloading machine and the track collection truck after detecting that the target transport ship reaches a second port; after the track collection truck obtains the first shipping plan, if the transportation destination of the self-loading container is detected to be consistent with the transportation direction of the target transport ship, the loading container is driven to a second port wharf according to the first shipping plan; so that the target loading and unloading machine unloads containers, which are loaded by the railway train and have the transportation destinations different from the transportation directions of the target transport ship, to the target yard position according to the first unloading plan, and loads containers, which have the transportation destinations same with the transportation directions of the target transport ship and are loaded in the rail collection truck at the second port wharf, of containers stacked in the yard in front of the second port to the target transport ship according to the first loading plan;
when the selected unloading and loading mode is a unloading and loading mode in a yard, determining a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information, generating a second unloading plan and a second loading plan, and issuing the second unloading plan to the target loader; and after the target transport ship is detected to reach a second port, issuing a second loading plan to the target loading and unloading machine so that the target loading and unloading machine unloads the containers loaded on the railway train according to the second unloading plan, parking the unloaded containers to the target storage yard position, and loading the containers parked to the target storage yard position to the target transport ship according to the second loading plan.
The invention has the following beneficial effects: by applying the technical scheme provided by the embodiment of the invention, the containers loaded by the first type of transport ship docked at the first port can be unloaded, and the unloaded containers can be loaded on the rail collection truck, and the rail collection truck loaded with the containers can be used for forming a railway train loaded with the containers, so that the containers are not required to be transferred from the first type of transport ship to the railway train through third-party equipment, the transfer times of the containers are saved, the transportation efficiency is further improved, the container can be transported from the first port to the second port by means of a railway train, and, throughout the process, the container is not required to be parked in the first port, and is directly parked in the storage yard in front of the second port, thereby saving the storage yard occupation area of the first port, improving the storage yard utilization rate, the railway transportation speed is higher than that of a ferry, so that the container transportation efficiency is improved; the railway transportation does not need to depend on the ship traffic capacity, the ship tonnage and the number of ships of a port, so that the universality of the system is improved, and different unloading and loading modes can be selected according to the obtained estimated arrival time of each second type of transport ship, so that the unloading and loading modes are more flexible.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a river and sea intermodal container transit system based on a rail collection truck according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of an application scenario of a rail-mounted truck-based river-sea intermodal container transit system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of a scene of the first port in fig. 2 according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a second port shown in FIG. 2 according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic flow chart of a river and sea intermodal container transfer method based on a rail collection truck according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In order to solve the problems in the prior art, the embodiment of the invention provides a river and sea combined transport container transfer system and method based on a rail collection truck. The following first describes a river-sea intermodal container transit system based on a rail collection truck according to the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1, fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a rail-mounted truck-based river-sea intermodal container transfer system according to an embodiment of the present invention, the system includes a first port container management subsystem, a railway transportation management subsystem, and a second port container management subsystem, the rail-mounted truck, a first loader for loading and unloading containers at a first port, and a second loader for loading and unloading containers at a second port, the first loader includes a first shore crane, wherein,
the first port container management subsystem is used for receiving container manifest information sent by a first type of transport ship and generating container intermodal forecast information based on the container manifest information; generating a loading plan according to the container intermodal forecast information and the front yard condition of the first port, and issuing the loading plan to a first shore crane, a rail collection truck and a railway transportation management subsystem; after a customs clearance instruction is detected, sending container intermodal forecast information to a railway transportation management subsystem; the first type of carrier is a container carrier arriving at a first port;
the railway transportation management subsystem is used for starting the traction locomotive according to the obtained loading plan so that the traction locomotive can connect the track collection trucks which stop in the first port preset area and are loaded with the containers with each other to form a railway train loaded with the containers; generating a railway transportation plan according to the obtained container intermodal forecast information, and scheduling the railway train to run to a preset parking place on one side of a storage yard in front of a second port according to the railway transportation plan when the railway train is detected to meet the preset transportation condition; generating actual information of container intermodal transportation by using actual information of containers loaded when a railway train arrives at a preset parking place on one side of a yard in front of a second port; sending actual information of container intermodal transportation to a second port container management subsystem; the railway train runs by means of power provided by a traction locomotive;
the first shore crane is used for loading the containers in the first type of transport ship to the rail collection truck according to a loading plan; the track collection truck is used for loading the obtained containers according to a loading plan and driving the containers to a first port preset area;
the second port container management subsystem is used for selecting an unloading and loading mode according to the obtained estimated arrival time of each second type of transport ship; when the selected unloading and loading mode is a direct unloading and loading mode, determining a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the acquired actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type transport ship, generating a first unloading plan and a first loading plan, issuing the first unloading plan to the target loader, and issuing the first loading plan to the target loader and the track collection truck after detecting that the target transport ship reaches a second port; when the selected unloading and loading mode is a unloading and loading mode in a yard, determining a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information, generating a second unloading plan and a second loading plan, and issuing the second unloading plan to the target loader; after the target transport ship is detected to reach a second port, a second ship loading plan is issued to the target loader-unloader;
the track collection truck is also used for loading the containers to travel to a second port wharf according to the first shipping plan if the transportation direction of the self-loading container is consistent with that of the target transport ship after the first shipping plan is obtained;
the target loading and unloading machine is used for unloading the containers with the transport destinations different from the transport directions of the target transport ships loaded in the railway train to the target storage yard position according to the first unloading plan after the first unloading plan is obtained; after the first shipment plan is obtained, loading containers with the transportation destinations consistent with the transportation directions of the target transport ships and containers in the rail collection trucks at the second port wharf in the containers stacked in the yard in front of the second port to the target transport ships according to the first shipment plan, unloading the containers loaded on the railway train according to the second unloading plan after the second unloading plan is obtained, and parking the unloaded containers to the target yard; and after the second shipping plan is obtained, loading the containers parked to the target yard position to the target transport ship according to the second shipping plan.
The first port and the second port may be a coastal deep water port and an inland river port, respectively, or may also be an inland river port and a coastal deep water port, respectively. The first port may be a port to be unloaded, and the transport ship docked at the first port may be a transport ship from which containers are to be unloaded; the second port may be a port to be shipped, and the carrier docked at the second port may be a carrier to be loaded with containers.
The coastal deep water port can be a large coastal deep water container port, and is provided with a plurality of deep water berths for berthing large ocean container transport ships; the inland river port may be a large inland river container port, and has a plurality of inland river berths for berthing inland river container transport ships.
The wharfs of the first port and the second port can be provided with a plurality of container cranes which operate on the shore and can be called as shore cranes or shore bridges, the shore cranes can be used for loading/unloading containers for a transport ship, wherein the shore crane operating on the first port can be called as a first shore crane, the shore crane operating on the second port can be called as a first shore crane and a second shore crane, and the two wharfs can be provided with front storage yards for temporary stacking of the containers, gathering and waiting for transportation and the like; the place ahead storage yard can be equipped with container crane, and container crane who sets up in the place ahead storage yard can include: at least one of a rail crane, a front crane, a gantry crane and the like is used for loading and unloading operation between a container yard and a transport vehicle (such as a port collection truck and a rail collection truck), and the front yard can also be provided with a plurality of port collection trucks for transportation between a ship in the port and the front yard and between the front yard and a railway train in the container yard.
Among them, a container crane and a port collection truck for loading and unloading a container at a first port may be collectively called a first type loader, and a container crane and a port collection truck for loading and unloading a container at a second port may be collectively called a second type loader.
The container manifest information may include information such as container number, total number of containers, origin, destination, name of goods, special indicia (e.g., cold chain), etc. The container intermodal forecast information may include information such as container number, total number of containers, origin, destination, port of transfer, transfer station name, cargo name, transit route record, transfer yard location, special label, etc. The front yard status includes information on containers stacked in the front yard, including: container number, total number of containers, origin, destination, etc.
The rail collection truck can travel to different places in the port by the driving force of the rail collection truck to realize the loading/unloading of the container, and after the railway train is formed, the rail collection truck can travel by the power provided by the traction locomotive instead of using the driving force of the rail collection truck.
The loading plan can be synchronously completed by the first shore crane, the track collection truck and the railway transportation management subsystem, and the operation sequence of each device for executing the loading plan can be different. The loading plan can be used for indicating the first shore crane, the track collection truck and the railway transportation management subsystem to work in a matched mode, so that the container can be transferred from the first type of transport ship to the track collection truck, the track collection truck loaded with the container can be used for forming a railway train loaded with the container, therefore, the container does not need to be transferred from the first type of transport ship to the railway train through third-party equipment, the transfer times of the container are saved, and the transportation efficiency is improved.
The second port container management subsystem may select an unloading and loading manner according to the obtained estimated arrival time of each second type of transport ship, and specifically may be:
selecting the unloading and loading mode as a direct unloading and loading mode for the second type of transport ship of which the difference value between the estimated arrival time and the current time is less than a preset threshold value;
and selecting the unloading and loading mode as a yard transfer unloading and loading mode for the second type of transport ships with the difference value between the estimated arrival time and the current time not less than a preset threshold value.
The estimated arrival time of each second type of transport ship can be the same or different, and the unloading and loading mode adopted by each second type of transport ship can be selected according to the estimated arrival time of the second type of transport ship. The preset threshold may be set in advance according to requirements, and may be, for example: 1 hour, 2 hours, and also 1 day, 2 days, 3 days, and the like.
When the selected unloading and loading mode is a direct unloading and loading mode, the second port container management subsystem can determine the position of a target yard, a target loader and a target transport ship and generate a first unloading plan and a first loading plan based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type transport ship, issue the first unloading plan to the target loader, and issue the first loading plan to the target loader and the track collection truck after detecting that the target transport ship reaches the second port;
when the selected unloading and loading mode is a yard transfer unloading and loading mode, the second port container management subsystem can determine a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information, generate a second unloading plan and a second loading plan, and issue the second unloading plan to the target loader; and after the target transport ship is detected to arrive at the second port, issuing a second ship loading plan to the target loader-unloader.
The target yard location may be a location in the yard ahead of the second port that is actually used to park the container, the target loader may be a loader of the second type that is actually used to load and unload the container, and the target carrier may be a carrier of the second type that is actually used to transport the container.
Containers having the same transport destination can be placed at the same target yard position, and the containers at the target yard position can be loaded onto the target carrier by the target loader, and the transport direction of the target carrier can be matched with the transport destination of the containers.
It should be noted that the front yard can be divided into several areas, and the transportation direction of the containers and the moving direction of the destination port and the rail crane in each area are relatively fixed. The direction of transport of containers for the rail-mounted operation in this area is therefore also relatively fixed. Containers in different directions can be in different storage yard areas. The container loading direction for a transport vessel on an airline may be uniform.
The target yard position, the target loader and the transportation direction of each target transport ship in the target transport ship, which are determined based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type transport ship, may be the same or different, the determined target loader, the determined target yard position and the determined target loader are in one-to-one correspondence, that is, the target transport ship in the same transportation direction, and the target loader corresponding to the target transport ship is adopted to load the container stacked at the target yard position corresponding to the target transport ship.
The location of the target yard, the transport direction of each of the target loader and the target transport ship determined based on the obtained actual information on the intermodal transportation of the containers may all be the same.
In one implementation, to further improve the transportation efficiency, the first port preset area may be a preset parking place on the side of the yard in front of the first port, all the rail collection trucks may be initially located at a preset initial position, for example, the initial position may be beside the first shore crane, or may be an area close to the first port terminal, and the rail collection trucks may travel to the first shore crane according to the loading plan, so that the first shore crane may load the containers in the first type of transport ship to the rail collection trucks according to the loading plan, and the rail collection trucks may load the obtained containers to travel to the first port preset area after obtaining the containers.
The railway transportation management subsystem may activate the traction locomotive to interconnect the container-loaded rail collection trucks that are parked in the first port pre-defined area to form a container-loaded railway train; when the railway train is detected to meet the preset transportation condition, the railway train can be scheduled to run to a preset parking place on one side of the storage yard in front of the second port. The preset parking place can be set in advance according to the requirement, and is not limited herein. For example, it may be: the railway station area preset in the second port can also be a railway loading and unloading line preset at one side of a storage yard in front of the second port.
To transfer a container from a first port to a second port, customs clearance may be entered. After receiving the customs clearance completion notice, the first port container management subsystem can consider that the container completes the clearance, namely, can consider that a customs clearance instruction is detected, and shows that the procedure of river intermodal transportation transfer from the first port to the second port is successfully handled, and further can send container intermodal transportation forecast information to the second port container management subsystem and the railway transportation management subsystem; the first type of carrier is a container carrier arriving at a first port.
By applying the technical scheme provided by the embodiment of the invention, the containers loaded by the first type of transport ship docked at the first port can be unloaded, and the unloaded containers can be loaded on the rail collection truck, and the rail collection truck loaded with the containers can be used for forming a railway train loaded with the containers, so that the containers are not required to be transferred from the first type of transport ship to the railway train through third-party equipment, the transfer times of the containers are saved, the transportation efficiency is further improved, the container can be transported from the first port to the second port by means of a railway train, and, throughout the process, the container is not required to be parked in the first port, and is directly parked in the storage yard in front of the second port, thereby saving the storage yard occupation area of the first port, improving the storage yard utilization rate, the railway transportation speed is higher than that of a ferry, so that the container transportation efficiency is improved; the railway transportation does not need to depend on the ship traffic capacity, the ship tonnage and the number of ships of a port, so that the universality of the system is improved, and the system can select different unloading and loading modes according to the obtained estimated arrival time of each second type of transport ship, so that the unloading and loading modes are more flexible.
In order to facilitate a uniform management of the container information, in one implementation, the system further comprises a container management subsystem,
the first port container management subsystem is also used for sending container intermodal forecast information to the container management subsystem;
the railway transportation management subsystem is also used for sending actual information of container intermodal transportation to the container management subsystem;
and the second port container management subsystem is also used for sending the transportation information of the containers loaded to the target transport ship to the container management subsystem.
Therefore, the container management subsystem can obtain the container intermodal forecast information, the container intermodal actual information and the transportation information of the containers loaded to the target container transport ship, so that the monitoring of the container conditions in the first port, the second port and the railway transportation process is realized, and the unified management of the container information is facilitated.
In one implementation, the railway transportation management subsystem detects that the railway train meets a preset transportation condition, which may specifically be:
detecting that the total number of the loaded containers of the railway train reaches the total number of the containers in the container intermodal forecast information; alternatively, the first and second electrodes may be,
detecting that a loaded container of a railway train meets a preset bearing range of the railway train; alternatively, the first and second electrodes may be,
the number of track collection trucks used to form the railroad train is detected to reach a preset track collection truck total number.
The container intermodal forecast information may include a total number of containers to be prepared for transfer, so that when it is detected that the total number of containers loaded by the railway vehicle reaches the total number of containers in the container intermodal forecast information, it can be considered that the railway train is detected to satisfy the preset transportation condition.
The preset bearing range may include a transportation weight range and/or a transportation length range, and the preset bearing range may be set in advance, for example, the preset bearing range may be 3000 tons to 4000 tons, and it may be considered that the railway train is detected to meet the preset transportation condition when the total weight of the containers loaded on the railway train is detected to be 3000 tons to 4000 tons, or the preset bearing range may be measured by TEUs (20 foot standard containers), where one TEU is a 20 foot container, and the preset bearing range may be 120 TEUs.
In addition, the number of track collection trucks in the first port is limited, and the railway transportation management subsystem may determine that the detected railway train satisfies the preset transportation condition when detecting that the number of track collection trucks forming the railway train reaches a preset total number of track collection trucks. The preset total number of the track collection trucks may be the total number of all the track collection trucks in the first port, or may be a preset value, which is not limited herein.
Specifically, the railway transportation management subsystem schedules the railway train to run to a preset parking place on one side of a storage yard in front of the second port according to a railway transportation plan, and specifically comprises the following steps:
according to the railway transportation plan, dispatching railway trains to start from a preset parking place on one side of a yard in front of a first port, crossing a first port management boundary to enter a special railway section line between the first port and a second port, passing through the special railway section line to a second port management boundary, and crossing the second port management boundary to travel to the preset parking place on one side of the yard in front of the second port.
The preset parking place at one side of the storage yard in front of the first port and the preset parking place at one side of the storage yard in front of the second port can be a railway loading and unloading line which is arranged in the first port in advance and a railway loading and unloading line which is arranged in the second port in advance respectively, and the railway loading and unloading lines can be used for parking railway trains to be loaded and unloaded with containers.
Specifically, the railway transportation management subsystem comprises a railway dispatching command unit, the railway dispatching command unit can comprise a station transportation subunit, a locomotive traction subunit and a station signal subunit, and the railway transportation management subsystem can generate a railway transportation plan and send the railway transportation plan to the railway dispatching command unit after receiving container intermodal forecast information sent by the first port container management subsystem;
the railway dispatching command unit can issue a container transportation operation plan to the station transportation subunit, the locomotive traction subunit and the station signal subunit, so that the container transportation operation plan can be synchronously completed by the three subunits. The container transportation operation plan may include station management station track allocation and loading and unloading inspection, controlling the operation of the traction locomotive with the railway train, signal controlling the turnout and train speed. The station transportation subunit commands the traction locomotive to connect with a railway train for transporting containers, and the railway train is formed by connecting a plurality of track collection trucks. According to the container transportation operation plan, the railway train starts to cross the first port management boundary and enter a railway section line, the special container train continues to run, passes through the special railway section line between the two ports and crosses the railway loading and unloading line port management boundary, the special container train enters the railway loading and unloading line on one side of the second front storage yard and stops, and the railway container transportation is completed.
In the process of railway transportation, the accidental conditions of container loss, dropping and the like can occur, so that the actual information of the containers loaded by the railway train when the containers arrive at the second port is not accordant with the container intermodal forecast information, therefore, in order to facilitate the second port container management subsystem to generate a more accurate unloading plan and loading plan aiming at the actual conditions, the railway transportation management subsystem can generate the actual information of the containers loaded by the railway train when the railway train arrives at the preset parking place at one side of the yard in front of the second port; and the actual information of the container intermodal transportation is sent to the second port container management subsystem, so that the second port container management subsystem can obtain the actual information of the container intermodal transportation and generate an unloading plan and a loading plan.
The special railway section lines can respectively and directly reach the storage yard in front of the first port and the storage yard in front of the second port, and compared with the existing container transportation system based on river and sea combined transportation, the operation flow is simplified, the traveling distance and the loading and unloading times of a loading and unloading machine in the port are greatly reduced, and the transportation efficiency is improved.
In other implementation manners, the railway transportation management subsystem schedules the railway train to run to a preset parking place on one side of the yard in front of the second port according to the railway transportation plan, and may further include:
and dispatching the railway train to start from a preset parking place at one side of the storage yard in front of the first port according to the railway transportation plan, directly enter a special railway section line between the first port and the second port, and directly travel to the preset parking place at one side of the storage yard in front of the second port through the special railway section line.
Alternatively, it may be: according to the railway transportation plan, dispatching railway trains to start from a preset parking place on one side of a yard in front of a first port, enter a special railway section line between the first port and a second port beyond a first port management boundary, travel to a second port station through the special railway section line, and travel to the preset parking place on one side of the yard in front of the second port from the second port station beyond a second port management boundary. In order to ensure that the containers can be loaded and unloaded in time at the second port and improve the transportation efficiency, in one implementation mode, the first port container management subsystem is also used for sending container intermodal forecast information to the second port container management subsystem after a customs release instruction is detected;
a second port container management subsystem further for determining a predetermined yard location reserved for parking containers, a predetermined second type of handler reserved for handling containers, and a predetermined second type of carrier reserved for transporting containers based on the obtained container intermodal forecast information,
the second port container management subsystem determines a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type transport ship, and specifically comprises the following steps: determining a target yard position from the preset yard positions, a target loader from the preset second type of loaders and a target transport ship from the preset second type of transport ships based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type of transport ship;
the second port container management subsystem determines a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the obtained actual information of the container intermodal transportation, and specifically comprises the following steps: and determining a target yard position from the predetermined yard positions, a target loader from the predetermined second type of loader, and a target transport ship from the predetermined second type of transport ship based on the obtained actual information of the intermodal transportation of the containers.
The second port container management subsystem may determine the reserved yard location, the reserved second type of handler, and the reserved second type of carrier for standby prior to receiving the actual information of container intermodal transportation, thereby ensuring that there are enough second type of handlers to handle containers, enough yard location to stack containers, and enough second type of carriers to transport containers, the second type of carriers being carriers that will arrive or have arrived at the second port.
The actual number of the containers to be unloaded and loaded in the second port may be less than the total number of the containers forecasted in the container intermodal forecast information, and the transport direction of the containers loaded on the railway train may be different from the transport direction of the second type of transport ship parked in the second port, so that the target yard position is determined from the predetermined yard positions, the target loader is determined from the predetermined second type of loader, and the target transport ship is determined from the predetermined second type of transport ship according to the actual container intermodal information and the transport direction of each second type of transport ship, so that the yard occupation area of the second port can be saved, the yard utilization rate of the second port is improved, and the utilization rate of the loader can be improved and the cost can be saved compared with the method of loading and unloading the containers by using the target loader when the containers are loaded and unloaded by using the predetermined second type of loader.
Specifically, the target loading and unloading machine can comprise a port collection truck, a track crane and a gantry crane,
the target loading and unloading machine unloads containers, of which the transportation destinations are different from the transportation directions of the target transport ships, loaded by the railway train to the target storage yard according to a first unloading plan, and specifically comprises the following steps:
loading containers with different transportation destinations and target transport ship transportation directions in the containers loaded by the railway train to a port collection truck by the gantry crane according to a first unloading plan; loading the container by the port collection truck according to a first unloading plan and driving to the side of a target storage yard; the rail crane unloads containers loaded by the port collection truck located beside the target yard location to the target yard location according to the first unloading plan.
The target loading and unloading machine unloads the containers loaded by the railway train according to a second unloading plan, and parks the unloaded containers to a target yard position, and the method specifically comprises the following steps:
loading the containers loaded by the railway train to a port collection truck by the gantry crane according to a second unloading plan; loading the container by the port collection truck according to a second unloading plan and driving to the side of the target storage yard; the rail crane unloads the containers loaded by the port collection truck located beside the target yard location to the target yard location according to the second unloading plan.
The first unloading plan can be synchronously completed by a port truck, a rail crane and a gantry crane, the operation sequence of each device for executing the first unloading plan can be different, and the devices can be mutually matched according to the first unloading plan, so that the unloading of containers with different transportation destinations and different transportation directions of target transport ships in containers loaded by railway trains to the target storage yard can be completed.
The second unloading plan may also be synchronously completed by the port collection truck, the track crane and the gantry crane, the operation sequence of each device in executing the second unloading plan may be different, and according to the second unloading plan, the devices may be mutually matched, so that the unloading of the containers loaded by the railway train to the target yard position may be completed, and it may be understood that the containers loaded by the railway train may be: for all the rail collection trucks that make up it. The port collection truck is different from the rail collection truck, the port collection truck is mainly used for transportation in container fields between ships and a front storage yard in a port and between the front storage yard and a railway train, and the rail collection truck can be used for loading containers to run in the port and can also be used for forming the railway train.
When the transportation destinations of the containers loaded by the plurality of track collection trucks are consistent with the transportation direction of the target transport ship, the plurality of track collection trucks can form a train set, and the train set can load the containers to travel to a second port wharf according to a first shipping plan; or each rail collection truck may be loaded with containers to travel to the second port terminal on its own according to the first shipping schedule.
The rail collection truck can load the container by oneself and travel to second port pier, need not to transport the container to second port pier from the railway train through third party's equipment, so, practiced thrift the transfer number of times of container, further improved transportation efficiency.
Alternatively, in another implementation, the equipment for unloading in the target loader may also include only a rail car and a gantry crane.
The target loading and unloading machine unloads containers, of which the transportation destinations are inconsistent with the transportation directions of the target transport ships, loaded by the railway train to the target yard position according to the first unloading plan, and specifically may be: the gantry crane transfers containers with different transportation destinations and different transportation directions of the target transport ship in the containers loaded by the railway train to the track crane according to the first unloading plan; the rail crane loads the containers to the target yard location according to the first unloading plan so that the containers can be assembled at the target yard location to wait for the arrival of the target carrier. The rail crane can be arranged beside the front storage yard.
The target loading and unloading machine unloads the containers loaded by the railway train according to the second unloading plan, and parks the unloaded containers to the target yard position, which can be specifically as follows: and the gantry crane transfers the containers in the railway train at the preset parking position on one side of the yard in front of the second port to the track crane according to the second unloading plan, and the track crane loads the containers according to the second unloading plan and transfers the containers to the target yard position.
In addition, in order to facilitate loading, the target loader can also comprise a second shore crane,
the target loading and unloading machine loads the container with the transportation destination consistent with the transportation direction of the target transport ship and the container in the rail collection truck of the second port wharf into the target transport ship according to the first shipping plan, and specifically may be: loading containers with the transportation destinations consistent with the transportation directions of the target transport ships in the containers stacked in the storage yard in front of the second port to a port collection truck by the rail crane according to the first shipping plan; loading the obtained containers by the port collection truck according to the first shipping plan and driving to a second port wharf; the second quay crane loads containers in the port collection truck at the second port terminal and containers in the rail collection truck at the second port terminal to the target transport vessel according to the first shipping schedule.
The target loading and unloading machine loads the containers parked at the target storage yard position to the target transport ship according to a second shipping plan, and specifically comprises the following steps: loading the containers parked at the target storage yard position to a port collection truck by the rail crane according to a second shipping plan; loading the obtained containers by the port collection truck according to a second shipping plan and driving to a second port wharf; the second shore crane loads containers in the port collection truck at the second port terminal to the target carrier according to the second shipping schedule.
The first shipment plan can be completed by the rail collection truck, the port collection truck, the rail crane and the second shore crane synchronously, the operation sequence of each equipment for executing the first shipment plan can be different, and according to the first shipment plan, each equipment can be matched with each other, so that the loading of the container with the transportation destination consistent with the transportation direction of the target transportation ship in the container stacked in the storage yard in front of the second port and the container in the rail collection truck at the second port can be completed.
The second shipping plan can also be completed by the port collection truck, the rail crane and the second shore crane synchronously, the operation sequence of each equipment for executing the second shipping plan can be different, and the equipment can be matched with each other according to the second shipping plan, so that the containers parked to the target storage yard can be loaded to the target transport ship.
Alternatively, in another implementation, the device for unloading in the target loader may include only the port collection truck and the gantry crane, the device for loading in the target loader may include only the port collection truck and the second gantry crane, and the target loader loads the container loaded in the railway train to the target transport ship according to the first loading plan, where the container is transported in the same direction as the target transport ship, and specifically may be: the gantry crane grabs containers loaded by the railway train, the transportation destinations of the containers are consistent with the transportation directions of the target transport ships, the containers are directly transported to the second port wharf by the port collection truck, and the containers in the port collection truck of the second port wharf are loaded to the target transport ship by the second shore crane.
After shipment, container shipment manifest information can be sent to the target carrier so that the target carrier can depart. The container shipping manifest information may include information such as container number, total number of containers, origin, destination, special indicia (e.g., cold chain), etc.
The invention can be applied to the land container transfer transportation between ports, for example, between a river port and a sea port, between a river port and a river port, between a sea port and a sea port, or between port areas in a combined port, and the invention can be applied to the two ports (areas) with stable and large container exchange quantity, and the linear distance between the ports (areas) is limited, for example, not more than 200 km.
The following presents a simplified summary of an embodiment of the invention by way of a specific example.
As shown in fig. 2 to 4, a special railway station 201 and a special railway connection line 202 for transporting containers may be provided between the first port 21 and the second port 31. One side of the storage yard in front of the first port 21 and the second port 31 can be provided with a railway loading and unloading line 203 for parking railway trains to be loaded and unloaded, the number of the railway loading and unloading lines 203 can be multiple, each railway loading and unloading line 203 can be used for parking a train of railway trains to be loaded and unloaded, a running line 204 for a traction locomotive 206 to pull the railway trains to cross a loading and unloading area to turn around and load and unload, a turnout area 205 for changing the running line direction of the railway trains, an electrified power supply contact net for providing locomotive traction kinetic energy, a railway traction locomotive 206 for the traction train to run, a railway communication system, a signal system and an interval block system for controlling the operation of the railway trains. The electrified power supply contact net providing locomotive traction kinetic energy can be as follows: the railway communication system, the signal system and the block system can work together to control the railway train.
The quay of the first port is parked with a first type of carrier 207, a first shore crane 208 is arranged beside the quay, a first rail crane 214 is arranged beside the front yard 215, and a railway train 211 with loaded containers can be obtained in the following way:
the first method is as follows: the first shore crane 208 moves along the direction of a shore crane travel rail 2081 according to a loading plan, containers are loaded from the first type transport ship 207 to the track collection truck 2111, the track collection truck 2111 loads the obtained containers according to the loading plan and travels along a track collection truck heavy-duty operation path 218 to the railway loading and unloading line 203 on the side of the yard in front of the first port, and the railway transportation management subsystem starts the traction locomotive 206 according to the obtained loading plan, so that the traction locomotive 206 connects the track collection trucks which stop on the railway loading and unloading line 203 and are loaded with the containers with each other to form a railway train 211 loaded with the containers;
the second method comprises the following steps: the first shore crane 208 moves along the direction of the crane rail 2081 according to the loading plan, loads the containers from the first type transport ship 207 to the first port collection truck 209, the first port collection truck 209 travels along the port collection truck operation path 2091 to the side of the first port front yard 215 according to the loading plan, the first rail crane 214 unloads the containers to the first port front yard 215, and the unloaded first port collection truck 209 returns along the collection truck empty operation path 2092; the first gantry crane 214 transfers the containers in the yard 215 in front of the first port to the first gantry crane 210, and the first gantry crane 210 unloads the containers transferred by the first gantry crane 214 to the determined railway train 2110 according to a loading plan to form a railway train 211 loaded with the containers;
the third method comprises the following steps: the first shore crane 208 moves along the direction of a travelling rail 2081 of the shore crane according to a loading plan, containers are loaded to the first port collection truck 209 from the first type of transport ship 207, the first port collection truck 209 travels to the side of the railway loading and unloading line 203 on one side of the yard 215 in front of the first port along a port collection truck operation path parallel to the path of the rail collection truck 218 according to the loading plan, the first portal crane 210 unloads the containers loaded by the first port collection truck 209 to the determined railway train 2110 according to the loading plan to form a railway train 211 loaded with the containers, and the first port collection truck 209 returns to the wharf along a path parallel to the empty path 217 of the rail collection truck after being unloaded;
after the container-loaded railroad train 211 is formed, and when it is detected that the railroad train satisfies a predetermined transportation condition, the railroad transportation management subsystem schedules the railroad train 211 to depart from the railroad loading and unloading line 203, to cross the first port management demarcation 212, to enter the special railroad section 202 between the first port 21 and the second port 31, to travel to the railroad station 201 through the special railroad connection line 202, to continue to travel to the second port management demarcation 213, and to cross the second port management demarcation 213 to travel to the railroad loading and unloading line 203 on the side of the yard in front of the second port.
A target transport ship 301 is docked at the wharf of the second port, a second shore crane 302 is arranged beside the wharf, a second port collection truck 303, a second gantry crane 304 and a second rail crane 305 are respectively arranged at one side of the front yard, a second port collection truck 303 is arranged at the other side of the front yard,
when detecting that the transportation destination of the self-loaded container is consistent with the transportation direction of the target transport ship, the rail collection truck 2111 can load the container to travel to the second port wharf along the railway loading and unloading line-to-shore hoisting ship path 308 according to the first shipping plan; after the container is unloaded, the rail collection truck 2111 may return to the railway load line 203 along the dock-to-railway load line path 307;
the process of the target loader unloading the container loaded by the railway train, the transportation destination of which is not consistent with the transportation direction of the target transport ship, to the target yard position according to the first unloading plan may be as follows:
the second gantry crane 304 moves along the gantry crane travel rail 3041 according to the first unloading plan, and moves a container whose transport destination and the target transport ship in the container in the railway train 211 are not consistent in transport direction to the second port collection truck 303; the second port collection truck 303 travels to the front yard 3031 along the railway loading and unloading line according to the first unloading plan, the second trolley crane 305 unloads the containers loaded on the second port collection truck 303 to the target position of the front yard 306 according to the first unloading plan, and the unloaded second port collection truck 303 returns along the front yard-to-railway loading and unloading line path 3032;
the process of loading the container with the transportation destination in the container yard ahead of the second port and the container in the rail collection truck at the second port terminal to the target carrier according to the first shipping plan may be as follows:
the second mobile gantry 305 loads containers stacked in the yard ahead of the second port along the mobile gantry travel rail 3051 according to the first shipping plan to the second port collection truck 303, the containers obtained by the second collection truck 303 loaded according to the first shipping plan travel to the second port terminal through the yard ahead to shore crane ship path 3033, the second mobile gantry 302 moves in the direction of the mobile gantry travel rail 3021 according to the first shipping plan, loads the containers in the second collection truck 303 at the second port terminal and the containers in the mobile gantry 2111 at the second port terminal to the target transport ship 301, and the unloaded second collection truck 303 returns along the yard crane ship ahead path 3034;
the target loader unloads the containers loaded on the railway train according to the second unloading plan, and the process of parking the unloaded containers to the target yard position may be as follows:
the second gantry crane 304 moves along the gantry crane travel rail 3041 according to the second unloading plan, and moves the containers in the railroad train 211 to the second port collection truck 303; the second port collection truck 303 travels to the front yard 3031 along the railway loading and unloading line according to the second unloading plan, the second gantry crane 305 unloads the containers loaded on the second port collection truck 303 to the target position of the front yard 306 according to the second unloading plan, and the unloaded second port collection truck 303 returns along the front yard-to-railway loading and unloading line path 3032;
the process of the target loader loading the containers parked to the target yard location to the target carrier according to the second shipping plan may be as follows:
the second gantry 305 loads the container parked at the target yard position to the second port collection truck 303 along the gantry travel rail 3051 according to the second shipment plan, the second port collection truck 303 travels along the front yard to shore crane shipment path 3033 to the second quay crane 302 after loading the container obtained according to the second shipment plan, the second quay crane 302 moves in the direction of the quay crane travel rail 3021 according to the second shipment plan to move the container from the second port collection truck 303 to the target carrier 301, and the unloaded second port collection truck 303 returns along the quay crane ship to front yard path 3034.
By applying the embodiment of the invention, because the railway between the two ports is the special railway for container transfer transportation, and the railway train is towed by the traction locomotive, the loading, unloading and transportation of the containers of the railway train can be controlled by the railway transportation management subsystem, thereby realizing automatic control, improving the efficiency, greatly reducing the labor cost, and eliminating the need of manual intervention for the whole railway transportation management subsystem except for dispatching commanders and maintainers. In addition, the railway line occupies less land area than the highway line construction with the same traffic volume, the transportation cost is low, the transportation efficiency is more than doubled, the pollutant discharge amount of railway transportation is less than one seventh of that of automobiles with the same traffic volume, and the traction locomotive almost does not discharge pollutants, so the land occupation area is reduced. The transportation cost is reduced, the transportation efficiency is improved, and the pollutant discharge amount is reduced.
Furthermore, for the containers to be transferred between the two ports, the ship unloader takes the front storage yard of the opposite party as the storage yard of the containers obtained by ship unloading, so that the containers can be directly aggregated in the front storage yard of the opposite party. The area of the storage yard at the ship unloading side is saved, and the utilization rate of the storage yard is improved.
Corresponding to the embodiment of the system for transferring the rail collection truck-based river and sea intermodal container, the embodiment of the invention provides a method for transferring the rail collection truck-based river and sea intermodal container, and as shown in fig. 5, the method specifically comprises the following steps:
s101, receiving container manifest information sent by a first type of transport ship, and generating container intermodal forecast information based on the container manifest information; generating a loading plan according to the container intermodal forecast information and the front yard condition of the first port; the first type of carrier is a container carrier arriving at a first port;
s102, issuing a loading plan to the first shore crane and the track collection truck, so that the first shore crane loads the containers in the first type of transport ship to the track collection truck according to the loading plan, and the track collection truck loads the obtained containers according to the loading plan and drives the obtained containers to a first port preset area; starting a traction locomotive according to the loading plan so that the traction locomotive connects track collection trucks which stop in a first port preset area and are loaded with containers with each other to form a railway train loaded with containers; the railway train runs by means of power provided by a traction locomotive;
s103, after a customs release instruction is detected, generating a railway transportation plan according to the container joint transportation forecast information; when the railway train is detected to meet the preset transportation condition, the railway train is dispatched to a preset parking place on one side of the storage yard in front of the second port according to the railway transportation plan, and the actual information of the loaded container is generated by using the actual information of the container when the railway train reaches the preset parking place on one side of the storage yard in front of the second port;
s104, selecting an unloading and loading mode according to the obtained estimated arrival time of each second type of transport ship;
s105, when the selected unloading and loading mode is a direct unloading and loading mode, determining a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the acquired actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type transport ship, generating a first unloading plan and a first loading plan, issuing the first unloading plan to the target loader, and issuing the first loading plan to the target loader and the track collection truck after detecting that the target transport ship reaches a second port; after the track collection truck obtains the first shipping plan, if the transportation destination of the self-loading container is detected to be consistent with the transportation direction of the target transport ship, the loading container is driven to the second port wharf according to the first shipping plan; loading containers with the transport destinations consistent with the transport directions of the target transport ships in the containers stacked in the storage yard in front of the second port and the containers in the track collection trucks at the wharf of the second port to the target transport ships according to the first loading plan;
s106, when the selected unloading and loading mode is a yard transfer unloading and loading mode, determining a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship and generating a second unloading plan and a second loading plan based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information; issuing a second unloading plan to the target loading and unloading machine; and after the target transport ship is detected to reach a second port, issuing a second loading plan to the target loading and unloading machine so that the target loading and unloading machine unloads the containers loaded on the railway train according to the second unloading plan, parking the unloaded containers to the target storage yard position, and loading the containers parked to the target storage yard position to the target transport ship according to the second loading plan.
By applying the technical scheme provided by the embodiment of the invention, the containers loaded by the first type of transport ship docked at the first port can be unloaded, and the unloaded containers can be loaded on the rail collection truck, and the rail collection truck loaded with the containers can be used for forming a railway train loaded with the containers, so that the containers are not required to be transferred from the first type of transport ship to the railway train through third-party equipment, the transfer times of the containers are saved, the transportation efficiency is further improved, the container can be transported from the first port to the second port by means of a railway train, and, throughout the process, the container is not required to be parked in the first port, and is directly parked in the storage yard in front of the second port, thereby saving the storage yard occupation area of the first port, improving the storage yard utilization rate, the railway transportation speed is higher than that of a ferry, so that the container transportation efficiency is improved; the railway transportation does not need to depend on the ship traffic capacity, the ship tonnage and the number of ships of a port, so that the universality of the system is improved, and different unloading and loading modes can be selected according to the obtained estimated arrival time of each second type of transport ship, so that the unloading and loading modes are more flexible.
The present invention is not limited to the above preferred embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc. within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A river and sea combined transportation container transfer system based on a rail collection truck is characterized by comprising a first port container management subsystem, a railway transportation management subsystem and a second port container management subsystem, the rail collection truck, a first type loader for loading and unloading containers at a first port and a second type loader for loading and unloading containers at a second port, wherein the first type loader comprises a first shore crane,
the first port container management subsystem is used for receiving container manifest information sent by a first type of transport ship and generating container intermodal forecast information based on the container manifest information; generating a loading plan according to the container intermodal forecast information and the front yard condition of the first port, and issuing the loading plan to the first shore crane, the rail collection truck and the railway transportation management subsystem; after a customs clearance instruction is detected, sending the container intermodal forecast information to a railway transportation management subsystem; the first type of carrier is a container carrier arriving at a first port;
the first shore crane is used for loading the containers in the first type of transport ship to the rail collection truck according to the loading plan;
the track collection truck is used for loading the obtained containers according to the loading plan and driving the containers to a railway loading and unloading line of a first port preset area along a track collection truck heavy-duty operation path of the first port, and the track collection truck heavy-duty operation path of the first port is connected with the railway loading and unloading line of the first port preset area to form an annular circulation path;
the railway transportation management subsystem is used for starting a traction locomotive according to the obtained loading plan so that the traction locomotive can mutually connect track collection trucks which stop on a railway loading and unloading line of a first port preset area and are loaded with containers to form a railway train loaded with the containers; generating a railway transportation plan according to the acquired container intermodal forecast information, and scheduling the railway train stopped on a railway loading and unloading line of a preset parking place at one side of a storage yard in front of a second port to run along a special railway section line between the first port and the second port according to the railway transportation plan when the railway train is detected to meet a preset transportation condition; generating actual information of container intermodal transportation by using actual information of the containers loaded when the railway train arrives at a preset parking place at one side of a yard in front of a second port; sending actual information of container intermodal transportation to a second port container management subsystem; the railway train runs by means of power provided by a traction locomotive;
the second port container management subsystem is used for selecting an unloading and loading mode according to the obtained estimated arrival time of each second type of transport ship; when the selected unloading and loading mode is a direct unloading and loading mode, determining a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the acquired actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type transport ship, generating a first unloading plan and a first loading plan, issuing the first unloading plan to the target loader, and issuing the first loading plan to the target loader and the track collection truck after detecting that the target transport ship reaches a second port; when the selected unloading and loading mode is a unloading and loading mode in a yard, determining a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information, generating a second unloading plan and a second loading plan, and issuing the second unloading plan to the target loader; after the target transport ship is detected to reach a second port, issuing the second shipment plan to the target loading and unloading machine;
the track collection truck is further used for loading containers to travel to a second port wharf according to the first shipping plan if the fact that the shipping destination of the containers loaded by the track collection truck is consistent with the shipping direction of the target shipping ship is detected after the first shipping plan is obtained;
the target loading and unloading machine is used for unloading containers loaded by the railway train, the transportation destinations of which are different from the transportation directions of the target transport ships, to the target storage yard position according to the first unloading plan after the first unloading plan is obtained; after obtaining a first shipping plan, loading containers stacked in a storage yard in front of a second port to a target transport ship according to the first shipping plan, wherein the transportation destinations of the containers are consistent with the transportation direction of the target transport ship, and the containers in a track collection truck at the wharf of the second port; after a second unloading plan is obtained, unloading the containers loaded by the railway train according to the second unloading plan, and parking the containers obtained by unloading to the target yard position; after a second shipping plan is obtained, loading the containers parked at the target yard position to a target transport ship according to the second shipping plan;
the first port container management subsystem is also used for sending the container intermodal forecast information to the second port container management subsystem after a customs clearance instruction is detected;
the second port container management subsystem is further used for determining a preset storage yard position for parking the container, a preset second type loader for loading and unloading the container and a preset second type transport ship for transporting the container based on the acquired container intermodal forecast information;
the second port container management subsystem determines a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type transport ship, and specifically comprises the following steps: and determining a target yard position from the preset yard positions, determining a target loader from the preset second type of loaders and determining the target transport ship from the preset second type of transport ships based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type of transport ship.
2. The system of claim 1, further comprising a container management subsystem,
the first port container management subsystem is also used for sending the container intermodal forecast information to the container management subsystem;
the railway transportation management subsystem is also used for sending the actual information of the container intermodal transportation to the container management subsystem;
the second port container management subsystem is further configured to send transportation information of containers loaded to a target transport vessel to the container management subsystem.
3. The system of claim 1, wherein the first harbor predetermined area is a predetermined parking place at a side of the yard in front of the first harbor.
4. The system of claim 1, wherein the railway transportation management subsystem detects that the railway train meets a preset transportation condition, specifically:
detecting that the total number of the loaded containers of the railway train reaches the total number of the containers in the container intermodal forecast information; alternatively, the first and second electrodes may be,
detecting that a loaded container of a railway train meets a preset bearing range of the railway train; alternatively, the first and second electrodes may be,
the number of track collection trucks used to form the railroad train is detected to reach a preset track collection truck total number.
5. The system of claim 3, wherein the railway transportation management subsystem schedules the railway train parked on the railway loading and unloading line in the first port predetermined area to travel along the dedicated railway section line between the first port and the second port to the railway loading and unloading line at the predetermined parking place on the yard side in front of the second port according to the railway transportation plan, and specifically comprises:
and dispatching the railway train to start from the railway loading and unloading line at the preset parking place at one side of the yard in front of the first port, cross the first port management boundary to enter a special railway section line between the first port and the second port, travel to the second port management boundary through the special railway section line, and cross the second port management boundary to travel to the railway loading and unloading line at the preset parking place at one side of the yard in front of the second port according to the railway transportation plan.
6. The system of claim 1, wherein the target handler includes a rail crane and a gantry crane,
the target loading and unloading machine unloads containers, of which the transportation destinations are different from the transportation directions of the target transport ships, loaded by the railway train to the target storage yard according to the first unloading plan, and specifically comprises the following steps: the gantry crane transfers containers with different transportation destinations and target transport ship transportation directions in the containers loaded by the railway train to the rail crane according to the first unloading plan, and the rail crane loads the containers according to the first unloading plan and transfers the containers to a target storage yard;
the target loading and unloading machine unloads the containers loaded by the railway train according to the second unloading plan, and parks the unloaded containers to a target yard position, and the method specifically comprises the following steps: and the gantry crane transfers the containers in the railway train at a preset parking position on one side of the yard in front of the second port to the track crane according to the second unloading plan, and the track crane loads the containers according to the second unloading plan and transfers the containers to a target yard position.
7. The system of claim 1, wherein the second port container management subsystem selects an unloading and loading mode based on the obtained estimated arrival time of each second type of carrier, specifically:
selecting the unloading and loading mode as a direct unloading and loading mode for the second type of transport ship of which the difference value between the estimated arrival time and the current time is less than a preset threshold value;
and selecting the unloading and loading mode as a yard transfer unloading and loading mode for the second type of transport ships with the difference value between the estimated arrival time and the current time not less than a preset threshold value.
8. The system of claim 6, wherein the target handler further comprises a second shore lift and a port collection truck,
the target loading and unloading machine loads containers stacked in a storage yard in front of a second port and with the transportation destinations consistent with the transportation direction of the target transport ship and containers in a track collection truck of the second port dock to the target transport ship according to the first shipping plan, and specifically comprises the following steps: the rail crane loads containers with the transportation destinations consistent with the transportation direction of the target transport ship in the containers stacked in the storage yard in front of the second port to the port collection truck according to the first shipping plan; the port collection truck loads the obtained containers according to the first shipping plan and drives to a second port wharf; the second quay crane loads containers in the port collection truck at the second port terminal and containers in the rail collection truck at the second port terminal to a target carrier according to the first shipment schedule;
the target loading and unloading machine loads the containers parked at the target storage yard position to the target transport ship according to the second shipping plan, and specifically comprises the following steps: the rail crane loads the containers parked to the target yard position to the port collection truck according to the second shipping plan; the port collection truck loads the obtained containers according to the second shipping plan and drives to a second port wharf; the second shore crane loads containers in the port collection truck at the second port terminal to the target carrier according to the second shipping schedule.
9. The system of claim 1, wherein the rail collection truck travels the loading container to the second port terminal along the railway loading and unloading line to shore crane path according to the first loading plan when detecting that the transportation destination of the self-loading container and the transportation direction of the target transport ship are identical; after the container is unloaded, the rail collection vehicle returns to the railway loading and unloading line along the path from the wharf to the railway loading and unloading line, and the railway loading and unloading line, the path from the railway loading and unloading line to the shore crane ship and the path from the wharf to the railway loading and unloading line are sequentially connected to form an annular circulation path.
10. A method for transferring rail-mounted trucks to a river or sea intermodal container, wherein the system of any one of claims 1 to 9 is used, the method comprising:
receiving container warehouse receipt information sent by a first type of transport ship, and generating container intermodal forecast information based on the container warehouse receipt information; generating a loading plan according to the container intermodal forecast information and the front yard condition of the first port; the first type of carrier is a container carrier arriving at a first port;
issuing the loading plan to a first shore crane and a track collection truck, so that the first shore crane loads containers in a first type of transport ship to the track collection truck according to the loading plan, and the track collection truck drives the containers obtained by loading according to the loading plan to a first port preset area; starting a traction locomotive according to the loading plan so that the traction locomotive connects track collection trucks which stop at a first port preset area and are loaded with containers with each other to form a railway train loaded with the containers; the railway train runs by means of power provided by a traction locomotive;
after a customs clearance instruction is detected, generating a railway transportation plan according to the container joint transportation forecast information;
when the railway train is detected to meet the preset transportation condition, the railway train is dispatched to a preset parking place on one side of the storage yard in front of the second port according to the railway transportation plan, and the actual information of the container loaded when the railway train reaches the preset parking place on one side of the storage yard in front of the second port is used for generating the actual information of the container intermodal transportation;
selecting an unloading and loading mode according to the obtained estimated arrival time of each second type transport ship;
when the selected unloading and loading mode is a direct unloading and loading mode, determining a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship and generating a first unloading plan and a first loading plan based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information and the transportation direction of each second type transport ship;
issuing the first unloading plan to the target loader, and issuing the first loading plan to the target loader and the track collection truck after detecting that the target transport ship arrives at a second port; after the track collection truck obtains the first shipping plan, if the transportation destination of the self-loading container is detected to be consistent with the transportation direction of the target transport ship, the loading container is driven to a second port wharf according to the first shipping plan; so that the target loading and unloading machine unloads containers, which are loaded by the railway train and have the transportation destinations different from the transportation directions of the target transport ship, to the target yard position according to the first unloading plan, and loads containers, which have the transportation destinations same with the transportation directions of the target transport ship and are loaded in the rail collection truck at the second port wharf, of containers stacked in the yard in front of the second port to the target transport ship according to the first loading plan;
when the selected unloading and loading mode is a unloading and loading mode in a yard, determining a target yard position, a target loader and a target transport ship based on the obtained actual container intermodal transportation information, generating a second unloading plan and a second loading plan, and issuing the second unloading plan to the target loader; and after detecting that the target transport ship reaches a second port, issuing the second shipment plan to the target loader, so that the target loader unloads the containers loaded by the railway train according to the second unloading plan, parking the unloaded containers to the target storage yard position, and loading the containers parked to the target storage yard position to the target transport ship according to the second shipment plan.
CN201810902877.8A 2018-08-09 2018-08-09 River and sea combined transport container transfer system and method based on rail truck Active CN109160293B (en)

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