CN109160186B - Feeding and conveying device for building garbage treatment - Google Patents

Feeding and conveying device for building garbage treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109160186B
CN109160186B CN201810971397.7A CN201810971397A CN109160186B CN 109160186 B CN109160186 B CN 109160186B CN 201810971397 A CN201810971397 A CN 201810971397A CN 109160186 B CN109160186 B CN 109160186B
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China
Prior art keywords
shaft
fixedly connected
transmission
rod
wheel
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CN201810971397.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109160186A (en
Inventor
张修全
赵宪忠
刘宝贵
徐喜
初思瑶
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Heilongjiang Lande Unltrasound Technology Co Ltd
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Heilongjiang Lande Unltrasound Technology Co Ltd
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G23/00Driving gear for endless conveyors; Belt- or chain-tensioning arrangements
    • B65G23/02Belt- or chain-engaging elements
    • B65G23/04Drums, rollers, or wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • B02C13/06Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/26Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with free falling material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G15/00Conveyors having endless load-conveying surfaces, i.e. belts and like continuous members, to which tractive effort is transmitted by means other than endless driving elements of similar configuration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of building garbage treatment, in particular to a feeding and conveying device for building garbage treatment, which comprises a pretreatment tank, a stirrer, a metal separator, a metal collecting tank, a vertical frame plate, a driving wheel, a driver, a conveying belt and a rack, wherein the top end of the pretreatment tank is provided with a feeding port, the bottom end of the pretreatment tank is provided with a discharge port, and the side surfaces of the left side and the right side of the pretreatment tank are respectively provided with a groove-shaped port; the stirrer is connected to the upper end of the inner side of the pretreatment tank in a rotating fit manner, the right end of the stirrer penetrates out of the pretreatment tank, and the right end of the stirrer is connected with the metal separator through a chain in a transmission manner; the two sides of the upper end of the metal separator are respectively and fixedly connected with the left side surface and the right side surface of the pretreatment box; the invention can effectively carry out synchronous stirring and crushing treatment, metal screening treatment and conveying treatment on the construction waste, is convenient to improve the recovery treatment efficiency of the construction waste, adopts a driving motor to carry out driving control in the interior, saves energy, reduces consumption and has good continuity.

Description

Feeding and conveying device for building garbage treatment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of construction waste treatment, in particular to a feeding and conveying device for construction waste treatment.
Background
The construction waste mainly refers to reinforced concrete blocks, bricks and tiles and other materials generated by removing houses and the like. With the continuous acceleration of the urbanization process, the generation of construction waste in cities is also accelerated gradually. The construction waste is once considered as the burden of city development, and a lot of construction waste is not reasonably utilized and is directly stacked or buried in the open air, so that a large amount of land is occupied, the phenomena of waste village enclosing and city enclosing are formed, and the urban and rural images are seriously influenced.
But now, construction waste is recognized as an urban deposit with potential for exploitation. Most of the wastes in the construction waste can be reused as renewable resources after being sorted, removed or crushed. For example, the metal in the construction waste can be recycled.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a feeding and conveying device for building garbage treatment, which can effectively perform synchronous stirring and crushing treatment, metal screening treatment and conveying treatment on building garbage, is convenient for improving the recovery and treatment efficiency of the building garbage, and has the advantages of energy conservation, consumption reduction, good continuity and higher working efficiency because a driving motor is adopted for driving and controlling the interior of the feeding and conveying device.
The purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
the feeding and conveying device for the construction waste treatment comprises a pretreatment box, a stirrer, a metal separator, a metal collecting box, a vertical frame plate, a driving wheel, a driver, a conveying belt and a rack, wherein a feeding opening is formed in the top end of the pretreatment box, a discharge opening is formed in the bottom end of the pretreatment box, and groove-shaped openings are formed in the side faces of the left side and the right side of the pretreatment box respectively; the stirrer is connected to the upper end of the inner side of the pretreatment tank in a rotating fit manner, the right end of the stirrer penetrates out of the pretreatment tank, and the right end of the stirrer is connected with the metal separator through a chain in a transmission manner; the two sides of the upper end of the metal separator are respectively and fixedly connected with the left side surface and the right side surface of the pretreatment box; the two sides of the lower end of the metal separator are fixedly connected with a vertical frame plate respectively, and the lower ends of the two vertical frame plates are fixedly connected to the two sides of the top end of the rack respectively; the inner sides of the two vertical frame plates are respectively fixedly connected with a metal collecting box, and the two metal collecting boxes are respectively arranged at the lower ends of the two sides of the metal separator; the metal collecting box is positioned at the lower end of the groove-shaped opening; the metal separator is connected with a driving wheel through belt transmission; the transmission wheel is connected to the vertical frame plate positioned on the right side of the pretreatment box; the driving wheel is in transmission connection with a driver; the driver is fixedly connected to the frame; the driver is in transmission connection with the material conveying belt; the conveying belt is connected to the rack in a rotating fit mode.
An inclined material guide plate is fixedly connected to the rack and arranged at the lower end of the discharge port of the pretreatment tank.
The metal collecting box is connected to the vertical frame plate through a bolt.
The driver comprises a driving motor, a driving shaft, a driving gear, an eccentric shaft and a rotating link rod; the driving motor is fixedly connected to the rack through a motor base, an output shaft of the driving motor is connected with a driving shaft through a coupler, the driving shaft is fixedly connected with a driving gear, and the eccentric position of the driving gear is connected with an eccentric shaft through threads; one end of the rotating link rod is rotatably connected to the eccentric shaft through a bearing with a seat, and the other end of the rotating link rod is in transmission connection with a transmission wheel.
The conveying belt comprises a linkage gear, a linkage shaft, a rear roll shaft, a front roll shaft, a roller and a conveying belt; the front roll shaft and the rear roll shaft are respectively and rotatably connected to the front end and the rear end of the rack through bearings with seats; the front roll shaft and the rear roll shaft are respectively fixedly connected with a roller, and the two rollers are in transmission connection through a conveying belt; the right end of the rear roll shaft is fixedly connected with a linkage shaft, a linkage gear is fixedly connected to the linkage shaft, and the linkage gear is meshed with a driving gear.
The transmission wheel comprises a linkage rod, a linkage block, a rack, a rectangular guide block, a transmission gear, a transmission belt wheel and a wheel shaft; one end of the linkage rod is rotatably connected to the other end of the rotary link rod through a bearing with a seat, and the other end of the linkage rod is rotatably connected to the lower end of the linkage block through a bearing with a seat; the linkage block is fixedly connected to the middle of the bottom end of the rack, and the top end of the rack is meshed with the transmission gear; the middle end of the rack is provided with a horizontal sliding chute, a rectangular guide block is connected to the inner side of the horizontal sliding chute in a clearance fit manner, and the rectangular guide block is fixedly connected to a vertical frame plate positioned on the right side of the pretreatment tank; the transmission gear and the transmission belt wheel are fixedly connected to a wheel shaft, and the wheel shaft is rotatably connected to a vertical frame plate on the right side of the pretreatment box through a belt seat bearing; the transmission belt wheel is connected with the metal separator through belt transmission.
The metal separator comprises a magnetic suction column, a scraping plate, an external thread rotating rod, an L-shaped frame plate, a rod frame plate, a driving gear, a driven shaft, a transmission shaft, a driven belt wheel and a driving chain wheel; the two magnetic suction columns are respectively connected to the front end and the rear end of the scraping plate in a sliding fit manner; two ends of the two magnetic suction columns are respectively and rotatably connected to a rod frame plate through bearings with seats, and the two rod frame plates are respectively and fixedly connected with a vertical frame plate; the left ends of the two magnetic suction columns are respectively and fixedly connected with a driven shaft, the two driven shafts are respectively and fixedly connected with a driven gear, the two driven gears are meshed with a driving gear, the driving gear is fixedly connected to the left end of an external thread rotating rod, the two ends of the external thread rotating rod are respectively and rotatably connected to the two rod frame plates through a bearing with a seat, and the middle end of the external thread rotating rod is connected to the scraping plate through threads; two ends of the external thread rotating rod are respectively and rotatably connected to the lower ends of the two L-shaped frame plates through bearings with seats, and the upper ends of the two L-shaped frame plates are respectively and fixedly connected to the left side surface and the right side surface of the pretreatment tank; the two L-shaped frame plates are arranged between the two rod frame plates, and the scraping plate is arranged between the two L-shaped frame plates; the right end of the external thread rotating rod is fixedly connected with a driving chain wheel, and the driving chain wheel is connected with a stirrer through chain transmission; the right end of one magnetic attraction column is fixedly connected with a transmission shaft, and a driven belt wheel is fixedly connected onto the transmission shaft; the transmission belt wheel is connected with a driven belt wheel through belt transmission; the magnetic attraction column is connected to the inner side of the pretreatment box in a rotating fit manner; the two rod frame plates are respectively arranged at the left end and the right end of the pretreatment box; the scraping plate is connected in a groove-shaped opening of the pretreatment tank in a sliding fit mode.
The magnetic attraction column comprises a cylindrical magnetic block and a stainless steel cylindrical rod; two ends of the cylindrical magnetic block are respectively connected with a stainless steel cylindrical rod through universal glue, and the two stainless steel cylindrical rods are respectively and rotatably connected on the two rod frame plates through a bearing with a seat; two ends of the cylindrical magnetic block penetrate through the groove-shaped openings on the left side and the right side of the pretreatment box.
The stirrer comprises a stirring shaft, a stirring plate and a driven chain wheel; two ends of the stirring shaft are respectively and rotatably connected with the left end and the right end of the pretreatment tank through bearings with seats; the middle end of the stirring shaft is fixedly connected with a plurality of stirring plates in a surrounding manner, and the stirring plates are connected to the inner side of the pretreatment tank in a rotating fit manner; the right end of the stirring shaft is fixedly connected with a driven chain wheel, and the driving chain wheel is connected with the driven chain wheel through chain transmission.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the feeding and conveying device for the construction waste treatment can effectively perform synchronous stirring and crushing treatment, metal screening treatment and conveying treatment on the construction waste, and is convenient for improving the recovery treatment efficiency of the construction waste.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first general structural diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a second overall structural schematic of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the internal pretreatment tank of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the internal mixer of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the construction of the internal metal separator of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the internal magnetic attraction column of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the internal drive wheel of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of the internal drive of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the construction of the inner conveyor belt of the invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic view of the internal housing of the present invention.
In the figure: a pretreatment tank 1; a stirrer 2; a stirring shaft 2-1; 2-2 of a stirring plate; a driven sprocket 2-3; a metal separator 3; magnetic attraction columns 3-1; 3-1-1 parts of a cylindrical magnetic block; 3-1-2 parts of a stainless steel cylindrical rod; scraping a plate 3-2; an external thread rotating rod 3-3; 3-4 of an L-shaped frame plate; 3-5 of a lever rack plate; 3-6 parts of a driving gear; 3-7 parts of driven gear; 3-8 parts of a driven shaft; 3-9 parts of a transmission shaft; 3-10 of a driven belt wheel; 3-11 parts of a driving chain wheel; a metal collection box 4; a vertical frame plate 5; a transmission wheel 6; 6-1 of a linkage rod; a linkage block 6-2; 6-3 of a rack; 6-4 of a rectangular guide block; 6-5 of a transmission gear; 6-6 of a transmission belt wheel; 6-7 of an axle; a driver 7; a drive motor 7-1; a drive shaft 7-2; a drive gear 7-3; 7-4 of an eccentric shaft; rotating link 7-5; a material conveying belt 8; a linkage gear 8-1; a linkage shaft 8-2; 8-3 of a rear roll shaft; 8-4 parts of a front roll shaft; 8-5 of a roller; 8-6 parts of a conveying belt; a frame 9.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to figures 1-10.
The first embodiment is as follows:
as shown in fig. 1-10, the feeding and conveying device for building garbage disposal comprises a pretreatment tank 1, a stirrer 2, a metal separator 3, a metal collection tank 4, a vertical frame plate 5, a transmission wheel 6, a driver 7, a material conveying belt 8 and a frame 9, wherein a feeding opening is formed in the top end of the pretreatment tank 1, a discharge opening is formed in the bottom end of the pretreatment tank 1, and a groove-shaped opening is formed in each of the left side surface and the right side surface of the pretreatment tank 1; the stirrer 2 is connected to the upper end of the inner side of the pretreatment tank 1 in a rotating fit manner, the right end of the stirrer 2 penetrates out of the pretreatment tank 1, and the right end of the stirrer 2 is connected with the metal separator 3 through a chain in a transmission manner; the two sides of the upper end of the metal separator 3 are respectively and fixedly connected with the left side surface and the right side surface of the pretreatment tank 1; the two sides of the lower end of the metal separator 3 are respectively fixedly connected with a vertical frame plate 5, and the lower ends of the two vertical frame plates 5 are respectively fixedly connected with the two sides of the top end of the frame 9; the inner sides of the two vertical frame plates 5 are respectively fixedly connected with a metal collecting box 4, and the two metal collecting boxes 4 are respectively arranged at the lower ends of the two sides of the metal separator 3; the metal collecting box 4 is positioned at the lower end of the groove-shaped opening; the metal separator 3 is connected with a driving wheel 6 through belt transmission; the driving wheel 6 is connected to the vertical frame plate 5 positioned on the right side of the pretreatment tank 1; the driving wheel 6 is in transmission connection with a driver 7; the driver 7 is fixedly connected to the frame 9; the driver 7 is in transmission connection with a material conveying belt 8; the material conveying belt 8 is connected to the frame 9 in a rotating fit manner.
When the feeding and conveying device for building garbage disposal is used, the driver 7 is communicated with a power supply and is started through the control switch, the driver 7 can drive the material conveying belt 8 to work when working, so that the material conveying belt 8 conveys building garbage forwards, the driver 7 can also drive the metal separator 3 to work through the driving wheel 6 when working, and the metal separator 3 can synchronously drive the stirrer 2 to work when working; after the construction waste to be treated is thrown into the pretreatment tank 1, the construction waste is firstly stirred and crushed by the stirrer 2 in the pretreatment tank 1, so that the metal in the construction waste is conveniently separated from other wastes, in the process of falling the construction waste, the metal in the construction waste is adsorbed on the metal separator 3 under the action of magnetic force, the metal is output by the metal separator 3 through groove-shaped openings at two sides of the pretreatment tank 1 when the metal separator 3 works, and falls into the metal collecting tanks 4 at two ends, so that the metal can be conveniently recycled, and other wastes fall onto the conveying belt 8 and are conveyed forwards to equipment for treating the construction waste through the conveying belt 8.
The second embodiment is as follows:
as shown in fig. 1 to 10, an inclined guide plate is fixedly connected to the frame 9, and the inclined guide plate is disposed at the lower end of the exhaust port of the pretreatment tank 1. The setting of slope stock guide can prevent effectively that building rubbish from dropping on the outer end of defeated material area 8 to the building rubbish of being convenient for evenly slides on defeated material area 8.
The metal collecting box 4 is connected to the vertical frame plate 5 through bolts.
The third concrete implementation mode:
as shown in fig. 1 to 10, the driver 7 includes a driving motor 7-1, a driving shaft 7-2, a driving gear 7-3, an eccentric shaft 7-4, and a rotary link 7-5; the driving motor 7-1 is fixedly connected to the frame 9 through a motor base, an output shaft of the driving motor 7-1 is connected with the driving shaft 7-2 through a coupler, the driving shaft 7-2 is fixedly connected with the driving gear 7-3, and the eccentric position of the driving gear 7-3 is connected with the eccentric shaft 7-4 through threads; one end of the rotating link rod 7-5 is rotatably connected to the eccentric shaft 7-4 through a bearing with a seat, and the other end of the rotating link rod 7-5 is in transmission connection with the transmission wheel 6.
When the driver 7 is used, after the driving motor 7-1 is connected with a power supply and is started through the control switch, the output shaft of the driving motor 7-1 can drive the driving shaft 7-2 to rotate clockwise, the driving shaft 7-2 can drive the driving gear 7-3 to rotate clockwise, and the driving gear 7-3 can drive the material conveying belt 8 to convey materials from the rear end to the front end when rotating clockwise; when the driving gear 7-3 rotates clockwise, the eccentric shaft 7-4 can be driven to perform the surrounding motion, the eccentric shaft 7-4 drives the lower end of the rotating link 7-5 to perform the surrounding motion, the rotating link 7-5 drives the driving wheel 6 to work, and the driving wheel 6 drives the metal separator 3 to work.
The fourth concrete implementation mode:
as shown in the figures 1-10, the material conveying belt 8 comprises a linkage gear 8-1, a linkage shaft 8-2, a rear roll shaft 8-3, a front roll shaft 8-4, a roller 8-5 and a conveying belt 8-6; the front roll shaft 8-4 and the rear roll shaft 8-3 are respectively and rotatably connected to the front end and the rear end of the frame 9 through bearings with seats; the front roll shaft 8-4 and the rear roll shaft 8-3 are respectively fixedly connected with a roller 8-5, and the two rollers 8-5 are in transmission connection through a conveying belt 8-6; the right end of the rear roll shaft 8-3 is fixedly connected with a linkage shaft 8-2, the linkage shaft 8-2 is fixedly connected with a linkage gear 8-1, and the linkage gear 8-1 is meshed with a driving gear 7-3.
When the material conveying belt 8 is used, the driving gear 7-3 can drive the linkage gear 8-1 to rotate anticlockwise, the linkage gear 8-1 can drive the rear roller shaft 8-3 to rotate anticlockwise through the linkage shaft 8-2 when rotating anticlockwise, the rear roller shaft 8-3 can drive the front roller shaft 8-4 to move anticlockwise through the conveying belt 8-6, and construction waste is conveyed forwards through the conveying belt 8-6, so that material conveying work is achieved.
The fifth concrete implementation mode:
as shown in fig. 1-10, the transmission wheel 6 comprises a linkage rod 6-1, a linkage block 6-2, a rack 6-3, a rectangular guide block 6-4, a transmission gear 6-5, a transmission belt wheel 6-6 and a wheel shaft 6-7; one end of the linkage rod 6-1 is rotatably connected to the other end of the rotating link rod 7-5 through a bearing with a seat, and the other end of the linkage rod 6-1 is rotatably connected to the lower end of the linkage block 6-2 through a bearing with a seat; the linkage block 6-2 is fixedly connected to the middle of the bottom end of the rack 6-3, and the top end of the rack 6-3 is meshed with the transmission gear 6-5; the middle end of the rack 6-3 is provided with a horizontal sliding chute, a rectangular guide block 6-4 is connected to the inner side of the horizontal sliding chute in a clearance fit manner, and the rectangular guide block 6-4 is fixedly connected to a vertical frame plate 5 positioned on the right side of the pretreatment tank 1; the transmission gear 6-5 and the transmission belt wheel 6-6 are fixedly connected to a wheel shaft 6-7, and the wheel shaft 6-7 is rotatably connected to the vertical frame plate 5 positioned on the right side of the pretreatment tank 1 through a bearing with a seat; the transmission belt wheels 6-6 are connected with the metal separator 3 through belt transmission.
When the transmission wheel 6 is used, the other end of the rotating link rod 7-5 drives the linkage rod 6-1 to reciprocate in the front-back direction, the linkage rod 6-1 drives the rack 6-3 to reciprocate in the front-back direction through the linkage block 6-2 when reciprocating, the rack 6-3 can drive the transmission gear 6-5 to reciprocate clockwise and anticlockwise when reciprocating, the transmission gear 6-5 drives the wheel shaft 6-7 and the transmission belt wheel 6-6 to reciprocate clockwise and anticlockwise, and the transmission belt wheel 6-6 drives the metal separator 3 to work through a belt.
The sixth specific implementation mode:
as shown in fig. 1-10, the metal separator 3 includes a magnetic suction column 3-1, a scraping plate 3-2, an external thread rotating rod 3-3, an L-shaped frame plate 3-4, a rod frame plate 3-5, a driving gear 3-6, a driven gear 3-7, a driven shaft 3-8, a transmission shaft 3-9, a driven pulley 3-10 and a driving sprocket 3-11; the number of the magnetic attraction columns 3-1 is two, and the two magnetic attraction columns 3-1 are respectively connected to the front end and the rear end of the scraping plate 3-2 in a sliding fit manner; two ends of the two magnetic suction columns 3-1 are respectively and rotatably connected to a rod frame plate 3-5 through a bearing with a seat, and the two rod frame plates 3-5 are respectively and fixedly connected with a vertical frame plate 5; the left ends of the two magnetic suction columns 3-1 are fixedly connected with a driven shaft 3-8 respectively, two driven shafts 3-8 are fixedly connected with a driven gear 3-7 respectively, the two driven gears 3-7 are meshed with a driving gear 3-6 respectively, the driving gear 3-6 is fixedly connected with the left end of an external thread rotating rod 3-3, two ends of the external thread rotating rod 3-3 are rotatably connected to two rod frame plates 3-5 respectively through a bearing with a seat, and the middle end of the external thread rotating rod 3-3 is connected to a scraping plate 3-2 through threads; two ends of the external thread rotating rod 3-3 are respectively and rotatably connected with the lower ends of the two L-shaped frame plates 3-4 through bearings with seats, and the upper ends of the two L-shaped frame plates 3-4 are respectively and fixedly connected with the left side surface and the right side surface of the pretreatment tank 1; the two L-shaped frame plates 3-4 are arranged between the two rod frame plates 3-5, and the scraping plate 3-2 is arranged between the two L-shaped frame plates 3-4; the right end of the external thread rotating rod 3-3 is fixedly connected with a driving chain wheel 3-11, and the driving chain wheel 3-11 is connected with the stirrer 2 through chain transmission; the right end of one magnetic attraction column 3-1 is fixedly connected with a transmission shaft 3-9, and a driven belt wheel 3-10 is fixedly connected on the transmission shaft 3-9; the driving belt wheels 6-6 are connected with the driven belt wheels 3-10 through belt transmission; the magnetic attraction column 3-1 is connected to the inner side of the pretreatment box 1 in a rotating fit manner; the two rod frame plates 3-5 are respectively arranged at the left end and the right end of the pretreatment box 1; the scraping plate 3-2 is connected in a sliding fit manner in a groove opening of the pretreatment tank 1. When the metal separator 3 is used, the driving belt wheels 6-6 drive the driven belt wheels 3-10 to rotate clockwise and anticlockwise in a reciprocating mode through belt transmission, and when the driven belt wheels 3-10 rotate in a bidirectional reciprocating mode, the magnetic suction columns 3-1 can better adsorb metal when rotating, and can properly stir and separate construction waste; the magnetic suction column 3-1 can drive the driven shaft 3-8 to rotate when rotating, the driven shaft 3-8 can drive the driving gear 3-6 to rotate when rotating, the driving gear 3-6 can drive the external thread rotating rod 3-3 to rotate when rotating, and the external thread rotating rod 3-3 can drive the scraping plate 3-2 to do reciprocating motion in the left and right directions on the magnetic suction column 3-1 when rotating in a bidirectional reciprocating manner, so that the metal adsorbed on the magnetic suction column 3-1 can be scraped and pushed through the scraping plate 3-2, and can be discharged through the groove-shaped opening and fall into the inner side of the metal collecting box 4; the external thread rotating rod 3-3 can also drive the driving chain wheel 3-11 to rotate when rotating, and the driving chain wheel 3-11 can drive the stirrer 2 to stir when rotating, so that the construction waste is stirred and crushed.
The seventh embodiment:
as shown in fig. 1-10, the magnetic attraction column 3-1 comprises a cylindrical magnetic block 3-1-1 and a stainless steel cylindrical rod 3-1-2; two ends of the cylindrical magnetic block 3-1-1 are respectively connected with a stainless steel cylindrical rod 3-1-2 through universal glue, and the two stainless steel cylindrical rods 3-1-2 are respectively rotatably connected to the two rod frame plates 3-5 through bearings with seats; two ends of the cylindrical magnetic block 3-1-1 penetrate through groove-shaped openings at the left side and the right side of the pretreatment box 1.
When the magnetic attraction column 3-1 is used, when the external thread rotating rod 3-3 drives the scraping plate 3-2 to push metal from the cylindrical magnetic block 3-1-1 to the stainless steel cylindrical rod 3-1-2, the metal can be separated from the magnetic attraction column 3-1 due to the fact that the stainless steel is not magnetic, and the metal can fall into the metal collecting box 4 at the outer end of the groove-shaped opening.
The specific implementation mode is eight:
as shown in fig. 1-10, the stirrer 2 comprises a stirring shaft 2-1, a stirring plate 2-2 and a driven chain wheel 2-3; two ends of the stirring shaft 2-1 are respectively and rotatably connected with the left end and the right end of the pretreatment tank 1 through bearings with seats; the middle end of the stirring shaft 2-1 is fixedly connected with a plurality of stirring plates 2-2 in a surrounding manner, and the stirring plates 2-2 are connected to the inner side of the pretreatment tank 1 in a rotating fit manner; the right end of the stirring shaft 2-1 is fixedly connected with a driven chain wheel 2-3, and a driving chain wheel 3-11 is connected with the driven chain wheel 2-3 through chain transmission. When the stirrer 2 is used, the driving chain wheels 3-11 drive the driven chain wheels 2-3 to rotate through chain transmission, the driven chain wheels 2-3 can drive the stirring shaft 2-1 to rotate when rotating, and the stirring shaft 2-1 can drive the stirring plates 2-2 to stir, so that the construction waste entering the pretreatment tank 1 is crushed and separated.
The invention relates to a feeding and conveying device for treating construction waste, which has the working principle that: when the device is used, the driver 7 is communicated with a power supply and is started through a control switch, the driver 7 can drive the material conveying belt 8 to work when working, so that the material conveying belt 8 conveys construction wastes forwards, the driver 7 can also drive the metal separator 3 to work through the driving wheel 6 when working, and the metal separator 3 can synchronously drive the stirrer 2 to work when working; after the construction waste to be treated is thrown into the pretreatment tank 1, the construction waste is firstly stirred and crushed by the stirrer 2 in the pretreatment tank 1, so that the metal in the construction waste is conveniently separated from other wastes, in the process of falling the construction waste, the metal in the construction waste is adsorbed on the metal separator 3 under the action of magnetic force, the metal is output by the metal separator 3 through groove-shaped openings at two sides of the pretreatment tank 1 when the metal separator 3 works, and falls into the metal collecting tanks 4 at two ends, so that the metal can be conveniently recycled, and other wastes fall onto the conveying belt 8 and are conveyed forwards to equipment for treating the construction waste through the conveying belt 8.
It is to be understood that the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and that various changes, modifications, additions and substitutions which are within the spirit and scope of the present invention and which may be made by those skilled in the art are also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. Building rubbish is feed conveyor for processing, including pretreatment tank (1), agitator (2), metal separator (3), metal collecting box (4), erect frame board (5), drive wheel (6), driver (7), defeated material area (8) and frame (9), its characterized in that: the top end of the pretreatment tank (1) is provided with a feeding port, the bottom end of the pretreatment tank (1) is provided with a discharge port, and the side surfaces of the left side and the right side of the pretreatment tank (1) are respectively provided with a groove-shaped port; the stirrer (2) is connected to the upper end of the inner side of the pretreatment tank (1) in a rotating fit manner, the right end of the stirrer (2) penetrates out of the pretreatment tank (1), and the right end of the stirrer (2) is connected with the metal separator (3) through a chain in a transmission manner; the two sides of the upper end of the metal separator (3) are respectively and fixedly connected with the left side surface and the right side surface of the pretreatment box (1); the two sides of the lower end of the metal separator (3) are respectively fixedly connected with a vertical frame plate (5), and the lower ends of the two vertical frame plates (5) are respectively fixedly connected with the two sides of the top end of the rack (9); the inner sides of the two vertical frame plates (5) are respectively fixedly connected with a metal collecting box (4), and the two metal collecting boxes (4) are respectively arranged at the lower ends of the two sides of the metal separator (3); the metal collecting box (4) is positioned at the lower end of the groove-shaped opening; the metal separator (3) is connected with a driving wheel (6) through belt transmission; the transmission wheel (6) is connected to a vertical frame plate (5) positioned on the right side of the pretreatment box (1); the transmission wheel (6) is in transmission connection with a driver (7); the driver (7) is fixedly connected to the rack (9); the driver (7) is in transmission connection with a material conveying belt (8); the material conveying belt (8) is connected to the rack (9) in a rotating fit manner;
the metal separator (3) comprises a magnetic suction column (3-1), a scraping plate (3-2), an external thread rotating rod (3-3), an L-shaped frame plate (3-4), a rod frame plate (3-5), a driving gear (3-6), a driven gear (3-7), a driven shaft (3-8), a transmission shaft (3-9), a driven belt wheel (3-10) and a driving chain wheel (3-11); the number of the magnetic attraction columns (3-1) is two, and the two magnetic attraction columns (3-1) are respectively connected to the front end and the rear end of the scraping plate (3-2) in a sliding fit manner; two ends of the two magnetic attraction columns (3-1) are respectively and rotatably connected to a rod frame plate (3-5), and the two rod frame plates (3-5) are respectively and fixedly connected with a vertical frame plate (5); the left ends of the two magnetic suction columns (3-1) are respectively and fixedly connected with a driven shaft (3-8), the two driven shafts (3-8) are respectively and fixedly connected with a driven gear (3-7), the two driven gears (3-7) are respectively meshed with a driving gear (3-6), the driving gear (3-6) is fixedly connected with the left end of an external thread rotating rod (3-3), the two ends of the external thread rotating rod (3-3) are respectively and rotatably connected onto the two rod frame plates (3-5), and the middle end of the external thread rotating rod (3-3) is connected onto a scraping plate (3-2) through threads; two ends of the external thread rotating rod (3-3) are respectively and rotatably connected to the lower ends of the two L-shaped frame plates (3-4), and the upper ends of the two L-shaped frame plates (3-4) are respectively and fixedly connected to the left side surface and the right side surface of the pretreatment tank (1); the two L-shaped frame plates (3-4) are arranged between the two rod frame plates (3-5), and the scraping plate (3-2) is arranged between the two L-shaped frame plates (3-4); the right end of the external thread rotating rod (3-3) is fixedly connected with a driving chain wheel (3-11), and the driving chain wheel (3-11) is connected with the stirrer (2) through chain transmission; the right end of one magnetic attraction column (3-1) is fixedly connected with a transmission shaft (3-9), and a driven belt wheel (3-10) is fixedly connected on the transmission shaft (3-9); the magnetic attraction column (3-1) is connected to the inner side of the pretreatment box (1) in a rotating fit manner; the two rod frame plates (3-5) are respectively arranged at the left end and the right end of the pretreatment box (1); the scraping plate (3-2) is connected in a sliding fit manner in a groove opening of the pretreatment tank (1).
2. A feeding and conveying device for the treatment of construction waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: an inclined material guide plate is fixedly connected to the rack (9), and the inclined material guide plate is arranged at the lower end of the discharge port of the pretreatment tank (1).
3. A feeding and conveying device for the treatment of construction waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: the metal collecting box (4) is connected to the vertical frame plate (5) through bolts.
4. A feeding and conveying device for the treatment of construction waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: the driver (7) comprises a driving motor (7-1), a driving shaft (7-2), a driving gear (7-3), an eccentric shaft (7-4) and a rotating link rod (7-5); the driving motor (7-1) is fixedly connected to the rack (9) through a motor base, an output shaft of the driving motor (7-1) is connected with the driving shaft (7-2) through a coupler, the driving shaft (7-2) is fixedly connected with the driving gear (7-3), and the eccentric position of the driving gear (7-3) is connected with the eccentric shaft (7-4) through threads; one end of the rotating link rod (7-5) is rotatably connected to the eccentric shaft (7-4), and the other end of the rotating link rod (7-5) is in transmission connection with the transmission wheel (6).
5. A feeding and conveying device for the treatment of construction waste, according to claim 4, characterized in that: the material conveying belt (8) comprises a linkage gear (8-1), a linkage shaft (8-2), a rear roll shaft (8-3), a front roll shaft (8-4), a roller (8-5) and a conveying belt (8-6); the front roll shaft (8-4) and the rear roll shaft (8-3) are respectively and rotatably connected to the front end and the rear end of the rack (9); the front roll shaft (8-4) and the rear roll shaft (8-3) are respectively fixedly connected with a roller (8-5), and the two rollers (8-5) are in transmission connection through a conveying belt (8-6); the right end of the rear roll shaft (8-3) is fixedly connected with a linkage shaft (8-2), a linkage gear (8-1) is fixedly connected onto the linkage shaft (8-2), and the linkage gear (8-1) is meshed with a driving gear (7-3).
6. A feeding and conveying device for construction waste disposal according to claim 5, wherein: the transmission wheel (6) comprises a linkage rod (6-1), a linkage block (6-2), a rack (6-3), a rectangular guide block (6-4), a transmission gear (6-5), a transmission belt wheel (6-6) and a wheel shaft (6-7); one end of the linkage rod (6-1) is rotatably connected to the other end of the rotary link rod (7-5), and the other end of the linkage rod (6-1) is rotatably connected to the lower end of the linkage block (6-2); the linkage block (6-2) is fixedly connected to the middle of the bottom end of the rack (6-3), and the top end of the rack (6-3) is meshed with the transmission gear (6-5); the middle end of the rack (6-3) is provided with a horizontal sliding groove, a rectangular guide block (6-4) is connected to the inner side of the horizontal sliding groove in a clearance fit manner, and the rectangular guide block (6-4) is fixedly connected to a vertical frame plate (5) positioned on the right side of the pretreatment tank (1); the transmission gear (6-5) and the transmission belt wheel (6-6) are fixedly connected to a wheel shaft (6-7), and the wheel shaft (6-7) is rotatably connected to a vertical frame plate (5) positioned on the right side of the pretreatment tank (1); the metal separator (3) is connected with the transmission belt wheels (6-6) through belt transmission, and the driven belt wheels (3-10) are connected with the transmission belt wheels (6-6) through belt transmission.
7. A feeding and conveying device for the treatment of construction waste, according to claim 6, characterized in that: the magnetic attraction column (3-1) comprises a cylindrical magnetic block (3-1-1) and a stainless steel cylindrical rod (3-1-2); two ends of the cylindrical magnet (3-1-1) are respectively connected with a stainless steel cylindrical rod (3-1-2) through universal glue, and the two stainless steel cylindrical rods (3-1-2) are respectively and rotatably connected to the two rod frame plates (3-5); two ends of the cylindrical magnetic block (3-1-1) penetrate through groove-shaped openings on the left side and the right side of the pretreatment box (1).
8. A feeding and conveying device for the treatment of construction waste, according to claim 6, characterized in that: the stirrer (2) comprises a stirring shaft (2-1), a stirring plate (2-2) and a driven chain wheel (2-3); two ends of the stirring shaft (2-1) are respectively and rotatably connected to the left end and the right end of the pretreatment tank (1); the middle end of the stirring shaft (2-1) is fixedly connected with a plurality of stirring plates (2-2) in a surrounding manner, and the stirring plates (2-2) are connected to the inner side of the pretreatment tank (1) in a rotating fit manner; the right end of the stirring shaft (2-1) is fixedly connected with a driven chain wheel (2-3), and the driving chain wheel (3-11) is connected with the driven chain wheel (2-3) through chain transmission.
CN201810971397.7A 2018-08-24 2018-08-24 Feeding and conveying device for building garbage treatment Active CN109160186B (en)

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CN201810971397.7A CN109160186B (en) 2018-08-24 2018-08-24 Feeding and conveying device for building garbage treatment

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CN110075996B (en) * 2019-06-02 2020-09-01 丰城市郊区再生资源有限公司 Magnetic metal recovery device for garbage classification
CN110433960B (en) * 2019-08-30 2020-08-04 国闰建设集团有限公司 Sieving mechanism for construction waste treatment

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KR20080006042U (en) * 2007-06-04 2008-12-09 지종연 Implement seperating iron power in flour
CN105750205B (en) * 2016-04-01 2018-06-15 福建农林大学 A kind of building waste throws weight breaker and its method
CN206996827U (en) * 2017-04-19 2018-02-13 河源市宏华贸易有限公司 Centrifugal magnetic separation roller mechanism and magnetic metallic powder piece-rate system
CN206676514U (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-11-28 浙江海安建设有限公司 A kind of construction waste crushing separator
CN207614988U (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-07-17 珠海中易建建设工程有限公司 A kind of construction waste retracting device
CN207628480U (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-07-20 洪英 A kind of broken screening plant of construction waste

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