CN109159719A - A kind of charging method of electric carrier, system and associated component - Google Patents

A kind of charging method of electric carrier, system and associated component Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109159719A
CN109159719A CN201811150274.3A CN201811150274A CN109159719A CN 109159719 A CN109159719 A CN 109159719A CN 201811150274 A CN201811150274 A CN 201811150274A CN 109159719 A CN109159719 A CN 109159719A
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China
Prior art keywords
energy consumption
target
battery
vehicle
charging
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CN201811150274.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
詹森
严钦山
李宗华
刘杰
杨官龙
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Chongqing Changan New Energy Automobile Technology Co Ltd
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Chongqing Changan Automobile Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811150274.3A priority Critical patent/CN109159719A/en
Publication of CN109159719A publication Critical patent/CN109159719A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries

Abstract

This application discloses a kind of charging method of electric carrier, the charging method includes obtaining the target travel distance of the electric carrier when the battery of electric carrier is in charged state;Vehicle energy consumption rate is determined according to the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate of the electric carrier and instantaneous traveling energy consumption;Energy is reminded according to the target travel distance and the vehicle energy consumption rate calculations target;Judge whether the current electric quantity of the battery is greater than or equal to the target and the corresponding target of energy is reminded to remind electricity;If so, stopping charging.The application can flexibly charge to the battery of electric carrier according to the operating range that user needs, and shorten the charging time under the premise of enabling the electricity of battery to complete intended travel.Disclosed herein as well is a kind of charging system of electric carrier, a kind of computer readable storage medium and a kind of electric carriers, have the above beneficial effect.

Description

A kind of charging method of electric carrier, system and associated component
Technical field
The present invention relates to new-energy automobile field, in particular to a kind of charging method of electric carrier, system, a kind of calculating Machine readable storage medium storing program for executing and a kind of electric carrier.
Background technique
Under the environment more and more harsh about automobile fuel consumption emission regulation of current countries in the world, pure electric automobile has section Can, efficiently, zero-emission the advantages of, therefore at present more country be dedicated to promote pure electric automobile research and development and the marketization.
Due to battery performance, the current generally existing continual mileage of pure electric automobile is short, the charging time longer asks Topic, therefore it is extremely important for how promoting continual mileage and the relevant user experience of charging.But it does not deposit in the prior art Reference relation between user's battery capacity and operating range, therefore user can only will be electric in order to normally reach the destination The battery of dynamic load tool is full of to set out again.Since the charging time of electric carrier is generally longer, if it is small to be completely filled with needs 6~12 When, seriously affect the driving experience of user.
Therefore, how flexibly to be charged according to the operating range that user needs to the battery of electric carrier, make electricity It is the skill that those skilled in the art need to solve at present that the electricity in pond, which can complete to shorten under the premise of intended travel the charging time, Art problem.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the application is to provide the charging method, system, a kind of computer readable storage medium of a kind of electric carrier And a kind of electric carrier, it can flexibly be charged, be made to the battery of electric carrier according to the operating range that user needs The electricity of battery can be completed to shorten the charging time under the premise of intended travel.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the application provides a kind of charging method of electric carrier, which includes:
When the battery of electric carrier is in charged state, the target travel distance of the electric carrier is obtained;
Vehicle energy consumption rate is determined according to the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate of the electric carrier and instantaneous traveling energy consumption;
Energy is reminded according to the target travel distance and the vehicle energy consumption rate calculations target;
Judge whether the current electric quantity of the battery is greater than or equal to the target and the corresponding target of energy is reminded to remind electricity Amount;If so, stopping charging.
Optionally, vehicle energy consumption speed is determined according to the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate of the electric carrier and instantaneous traveling energy consumption Rate includes:
The vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate Ce of the electric carrier is calculated according to temperature control energy consumption formulaTMS
The instantaneous traveling energy consumption Ce of the electric carrier is calculated according to traveling energy consumption formulaInst
The vehicle energy consumption rate Ce is calculated according to vehicle energy consumption rate equationDrv
Wherein, the temperature control energy consumption formula is CeTMS=fEnvtT*CeTMSMax, fEnvtTFor temperature correction coefficient, CeTMSMaxFor Cooling and warming maximum energy consumption rate;The traveling energy consumption formula isUBattIt is default Cell voltage in period, IBattFor battery current in the preset time period, TaIt is respectively the preset time period with Tb Initial time and end time, STa-STbFor the operating range of the electric carrier in the preset time period, PwrTMSIt is described Cooling and warming energy consumption in preset time period;The vehicle energy consumption rate equation is CeDrv=CeInst+CeTMS
Optionally, include: according to the target travel distance and vehicle energy consumption rate calculations target prompting energy
According to the target travel distance STarWith the vehicle energy consumption rate CeDrvIt is calculated by target energy calculation formula Target reminds ENERGY ETar
Wherein, the target energy calculation formula is ETar=(1+fEopt)*STar*CeDrv, fEoptFor empirical parameter.
Optionally, judge whether the current electric quantity of the battery is greater than or equal to the target and reminds the corresponding target of energy Electricity is reminded, if so, stopping charging includes:
According to battery capacity target electricity corresponding with the corresponding relationship of the vehicle energy calculating target prompting energy Amount;
Judge whether the current electric quantity is greater than or equal to the target electricity;
If so, stopping charging.
Optionally, the current battery charge SOC and vehicle ENERGY ESOCCorresponding relationship be ESOC=(SOC-SOCMin) * QBatt*UAvg;Wherein, SOCMin is the minimum electricity of battery, QBattFor battery rated capacity, UAvgFor the following average voltage, UAvg= (USOC-USOCMin)*ffuture+USOC*fOpt, USOCFor the cell voltage under the current battery charge, USOCMinMost for the battery The corresponding cell voltage of low battery, ffutureFor the following average voltage coefficient, fOptFor history voltage corrected parameter.
Optionally, after stopping charging, further includes:
The prompt information that charging finishes is sent to terminal installation.
Optionally, further includes:
The current electric quantity of the battery is obtained, and is determined according to the corresponding relationship of the battery capacity and the vehicle energy The corresponding current vehicle energy of the current electric quantity;
According to the vehicle energy consumption rate and the current vehicle energy balane remaining mileage.
Present invention also provides a kind of charging system of electric carrier, which includes:
Distance obtains module, for obtaining the mesh of the electric carrier when the battery of electric carrier is in charged state Mark operating range;
Energy consumption determining module, for being determined according to the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate and instantaneous traveling energy consumption of the electric carrier Vehicle energy consumption rate;
Target energy computing module, for being mentioned according to the target travel distance and the vehicle energy consumption rate calculations target Awake energy;
Electricity judgment module reminds energy for judging whether the current electric quantity of the battery is greater than or equal to the target Corresponding target reminds electricity;If so, stopping charging.
Present invention also provides a kind of computer readable storage mediums, are stored thereon with computer program, the computer Program realizes the step of charging method of above-mentioned electric carrier executes when executing.
Present invention also provides a kind of electric carrier, including memory and processor, calculating is stored in the memory Machine program, the processor realize that the charging method of above-mentioned electric carrier executes when calling the computer program in the memory The step of.
The present invention provides a kind of charging methods of electric carrier, are in charged state including the battery when electric carrier When, obtain the target travel distance of the electric carrier;According to the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate and instantaneous row of the electric carrier It sails energy consumption and determines vehicle energy consumption rate;Energy is reminded according to the target travel distance and the vehicle energy consumption rate calculations target Amount;Judge whether the current electric quantity of the battery is greater than or equal to the target and the corresponding target of energy is reminded to remind electricity;If It is then to stop charging.
The present invention is after the target travel distance for determining electric carrier, according to the energy and traveling of the consumption of electric carrier vehicle The corresponding relationship of distance determines that the target consumed in total when electric carrier needs traveling target operating range reminds energy.Due to mesh It is all to be provided by battery, therefore the electricity of battery reminds energy that there are corresponding relationship, Jin Erke with target that mark, which reminds energy, The target of electric carrier traveling target operating range can be supported to remind electricity with determination, when battery, which is charged to target, reminds electricity Illustrate that the electricity of battery can complete target travel distance, without waiting for battery full of the charging that can both stop electric carrier. The application can flexibly charge to the battery of electric carrier according to the operating range that user needs, in the electricity for making battery It can complete to shorten the charging time under the premise of intended travel.The application additionally provides a kind of Charging of electric carrier simultaneously System, a kind of computer readable storage medium and a kind of electric carrier have above-mentioned beneficial effect, and details are not described herein.
Detailed description of the invention
In ord to more clearly illustrate embodiments of the present application, attached drawing needed in the embodiment will be done simply below It introduces, it should be apparent that, the drawings in the following description are only some examples of the present application, for ordinary skill people For member, without creative efforts, it is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of flow chart of the charging method of electric carrier provided by the embodiment of the present application;
Fig. 2 is a kind of flow chart of the method for determining vehicle energy consumption rate provided by the embodiment of the present application;
Fig. 3 is a kind of flow chart of the charging method of preferred electric carrier provided by the embodiment of the present application;
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the charging system of electric carrier provided by the embodiment of the present application.
Specific embodiment
To keep the purposes, technical schemes and advantages of the embodiment of the present application clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present application In attached drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the application is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is Some embodiments of the present application, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the application, those of ordinary skill in the art Every other embodiment obtained without making creative work, shall fall in the protection scope of this application.
Below referring to Figure 1, Fig. 1 is a kind of process of the charging method of electric carrier provided by the embodiment of the present application Figure.
Specific steps may include:
S101: when the battery of electric carrier is in charged state, the target travel distance of the electric carrier is obtained;
Wherein, for the present embodiment default when the battery of electric carrier is in charged state, user inputs target travel distance Operation.It should be noted that the battery for the electric carrier mentioned in the present embodiment is that the device of energy is provided for electric carrier, Electric carrier can be pure electric automobile.When battery is in charged state, illustrate that have existed external power supply fills for battery Electricity.
S102: vehicle energy consumption speed is determined according to the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate of the electric carrier and instantaneous traveling energy consumption Rate;
Wherein, vehicle energy consumption rate refers to energy consumption whole when electric carrier walking unit distance, and the present embodiment will Vehicle energy consumption rate is divided into two parts, and a part is vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate, and another part is that instantaneity is energy consumption.It needs Bright, vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate and instantaneous traveling energy consumption are all pre-set, when can be dispatched from the factory according to electric carrier The relevant calculation that the parameter of default carries out.It can also be by the average vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate of electric carrier in nearest a period of time Energy consumption is sailed as the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate and instantaneous traveling energy consumption in this step with average instantaneous row.It is mentioned in this step Instantaneous energy consumption specifically refers to voltage * electric current/speed value.
Specifically, the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate of the electric carrier can be calculated according to temperature control energy consumption formula CeTMS;The temperature control energy consumption formula is CeTMS=fEnvtT*CeTMSMax, fEnvtTFor temperature correction coefficient, temperature correction coefficient is logical The coefficient that test or empirical evaluation are carried out according to environment temperature is crossed, the value range of temperature correction coefficient is [0,1].
Temperature control energy consumption is specially cooling and warming energy consumption.CeTMSMaxFor cooling and warming maximum energy consumption rate, cooling and warming maximum Energy consumption rate is the definite value set according to the maximum energy consumption of electric car.It should be noted that cooling and warming energy consumption is equally description Energy consumed by electric automobile during traveling unit distance.It can also be calculated described in the electric carrier according to traveling energy consumption formula Instantaneous traveling energy consumption CeInst;Travelling energy consumption formula isIt should be noted that the row The default setting that the instantaneous traveling energy consumption that energy consumption formula determines is sailed when can be electric car, is also possible to specially in preset time The voltage U of (Ta~Tb) test electric car from a point to point b in sectionBattWith electric current IBattSituation of change, calculate battery pre- If the energy provided in the time, subtracts the cooling and warming energy consumption in preset time period, then divided by path length, can be obtained electronic Instantaneous performance energy consumption consumed by running car unit distance.It, can be according to vehicle energy consumption rate on the basis of the above process Instantaneous versions energy consumption is added with cooling and warming energy consumption and the vehicle energy consumption rate Ce is calculated by formulaDrv.Specifically, whole Vehicle energy consumption rate is to describe the rate for the energy that electric automobile during traveling unit distance battery needs to consume.
It should be noted that two steps of S101 and S102, logically and there is no precedence relationship, the execution of the two is suitable Sequence can change, and can also carry out simultaneously.
S103: energy is reminded according to the target travel distance and the vehicle energy consumption rate calculations target;
Wherein, since vehicle energy consumption rate is to describe the speed for the energy that electric automobile during traveling unit distance battery needs to consume Rate, therefore under the premise of S101 has known target travel distance, it can be according to the target travel distance STarWith the vehicle Energy consumption rate CeDrvTarget, which is calculated, by target energy calculation formula reminds ENERGY ETar;Target energy calculation formula is ETar=(1 +fEopt)*STar*CeDrv, fEoptFor empirical parameter, empirical parameter fEoptBe according to target travel distance and vehicle energy consumption rate into Capable amendment prevents target caused by the factors such as electric automobile during traveling energy consumption calculation deviation from reminding the deviation of energy balane.
S104: judge whether the current electric quantity of the battery is greater than or equal to the target and the corresponding target of energy is reminded to mention Awake electricity;If so, stopping charging;If it is not, then terminating process.
Wherein, the energy that the electricity of battery and battery can provide for electric car is that there are certain corresponding relationships , the specific current battery charge SOC and vehicle ENERGY ESOCCorresponding relationship be ESOC=(SOC-SOCMin) * QBatt* UAvg;Wherein, SOCMin is the minimum electricity of battery, and SOCMin is the SOC of cell cutoff, when SOC is to this SOCMin point, then It can not be further continued for discharging.QBattFor battery rated capacity, UAvgFor the following average voltage, the following average voltage is opened for current time Begin to discharging into SOCMin, the average voltage of this process.UAvg=(USOC-USOCMin)*ffuture+USOC*fOpt, USOCIt is described Cell voltage under current battery charge, USOCMinFor the corresponding cell voltage U of the minimum electricity of the batterySOC=SOC*fOCV, when Voltage U under preceding SOCSOCFor SOC and OCV (battery open circuit voltage) curve coefficients fOCVProduct, ffutureFor the following average voltage Coefficient, the following average voltage coefficient ffutureIt is by the coefficient by USOC-USOCminBe converted to the accurately following voltage.fOpt For history voltage corrected parameter.ffutureAnd fOptFor experiment parameter, ESOCIt is average for available power, battery rated capacity and future The product that voltage dissipates;Due to fOCV、ffuture、fOpt, SOCMin be constant in the case where battery SOC is certain, therefore it is final Obtained vehicle ENERGY ESOCIt is represented by the only corresponding function of variable SOC, the present embodiment can be by vehicle ENERGY ESOCIt indicates For fEgy(SOC), i.e. ESOC=fEgy(SOC)。
The present embodiment can be on the basis of S103 have obtained target prompting energy, can be according to current battery charge SOC and vehicle ENERGY ESOCBetween corresponding relationship obtain target the corresponding target of energy reminded to remind electricity, when electric car electricity The electricity in pond, which reaches when target reminds electricity, can stop charging.
As a preferred embodiment, the current electric quantity of the battery can also be obtained, and according to the battery electricity Amount determines the corresponding current vehicle energy of the current electric quantity with the corresponding relationship of the vehicle energy;According to the vehicle energy consumption Rate and the current vehicle energy balane remaining mileage.
The example of the present embodiment in practical applications are as follows: when user wants to open electric car to B from A, find electronic vapour The battery capacity of vehicle be 0%, by user to battery charge, but user do not know fill how many electric energy enough guarantees drive arrival B, User just can only wait the battery capacity of electric car to be charged to 100% in the prior art, and only need in this application according to The electricity of battery can be charged to appropriate position by operating range of the family input from A to B, without waiting.
The present embodiment is after the target travel distance for determining electric carrier, the energy and row that are consumed according to electric carrier vehicle The corresponding relationship for sailing distance determines that the target consumed in total when electric carrier needs traveling target operating range reminds energy.Due to It is all to be provided by battery, therefore the electricity of battery reminds energy that there are corresponding relationships with target that target, which reminds energy, in turn Can determination can support electric carrier traveling target operating range target remind electricity, when battery be charged to target remind electricity When illustrate that the electricity of battery can complete target travel distance, without waiting for battery full of can both stop filling for electric carrier Electricity.The present embodiment can flexibly charge to the battery of electric carrier according to the operating range that user needs, and battery is made Electricity can complete to shorten the charging time under the premise of intended travel.
Fig. 2 is referred to below, and Fig. 2 is a kind of stream of the method for determining vehicle energy consumption rate provided by the embodiment of the present application Cheng Tu;
Specific steps may include:
S201: the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate Ce of the electric carrier is calculated according to temperature control energy consumption formulaTMS
S202: the instantaneous traveling energy consumption Ce of the electric carrier is calculated according to traveling energy consumption formulaInst
S203: the vehicle energy consumption rate Ce is calculated according to vehicle energy consumption rate equationDrv
Wherein, the temperature control energy consumption formula is CeTMS=fEnvtT*CeTMSMax, fEnvtTFor temperature correction coefficient, CeTMSMaxFor Cooling and warming maximum energy consumption rate;The traveling energy consumption formula isUBattWhen being default Between cell voltage in section, IBattFor battery current in the preset time period, Ta and Tb are respectively the preset time period Initial time and end time, STa-STbFor the operating range of the electric carrier in the preset time period, PwrTMSIt is described Cooling and warming energy consumption in preset time period;The vehicle energy consumption rate equation is CeDrv=CeInst+CeTMS
Fig. 3 is referred to below, and Fig. 3 is a kind of charging method of preferred electric carrier provided by the embodiment of the present application Flow chart;
S301: when the battery of electric carrier is in charged state, the target travel distance of the electric carrier is obtained;
S302: the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate Ce of the electric carrier is calculated according to temperature control energy consumption formulaTMS
S303: the instantaneous traveling energy consumption Ce of the electric carrier is calculated according to traveling energy consumption formulaInst
S304: the vehicle energy consumption rate Ce is calculated according to vehicle energy consumption rate equationDrv
Wherein, the temperature control energy consumption formula is CeTMS=fEnvtT*CeTMSMax, fEnvtTFor temperature correction coefficient, CeTMSMaxFor Cooling and warming maximum energy consumption rate;The traveling energy consumption formula isUBattWhen being default Between cell voltage in section, IBattFor battery current in the preset time period, Ta and Tb are respectively the preset time period Initial time and end time, STa-STbFor the operating range of the electric carrier in the preset time period, PwrTMSIt is described Cooling and warming energy consumption in preset time period;The vehicle energy consumption rate equation is CeDrv=CeInst+CeTMS
S305: according to the target travel distance STarWith the vehicle energy consumption rate CeDrvIt is calculated by target energy public Formula calculates target and reminds ENERGY ETar
S306: according to battery capacity mesh corresponding with the corresponding relationship of the vehicle energy calculating target prompting energy Mark electricity;
S307: judge whether the current electric quantity is greater than or equal to the target electricity;If so, into S308;If it is not, Then terminate process.
S308: stop charging, and send the prompt information that charging finishes to terminal installation.
Fig. 4 is referred to, Fig. 4 is a kind of structural representation of the charging system of electric carrier provided by the embodiment of the present application Figure;
The system may include:
Distance obtains module 100, for obtaining the electric carrier when the battery of electric carrier is in charged state Target travel distance;
Energy consumption determining module 200, for the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate and instantaneous traveling energy consumption according to the electric carrier Determine vehicle energy consumption rate;
Target energy computing module 300, for according to the target travel distance and the vehicle energy consumption rate calculations mesh Mark reminds energy;
Electricity judgment module 400 is reminded for judging whether the current electric quantity of the battery is greater than or equal to the target The corresponding target of energy reminds electricity;If so, stopping charging.
Further, the energy consumption determining module includes 200:
Temperature control energy consumption calculation unit, for calculating the vehicle temperature control energy of the electric carrier according to temperature control energy consumption formula Consume rate CeTMS
Form energy consumption calculation unit, for calculating the instantaneous traveling energy of the electric carrier according to traveling energy consumption formula Consume CeInst
Whole energy consumption calculation unit, for calculating the vehicle energy consumption rate Ce according to vehicle energy consumption rate equationDrv
Wherein, the temperature control energy consumption formula is CeTMS=fEnvtT*CeTMSMax, fEnvtTFor temperature correction coefficient, CeTMSMaxFor Cooling and warming maximum energy consumption rate;The traveling energy consumption formula isUBattIt is default Cell voltage in period, IBattFor battery current in the preset time period, Ta and Tb are respectively the preset time period Initial time and end time, STa-STbFor the operating range of the electric carrier in the preset time period, PwrTMSFor institute State the cooling and warming energy consumption in preset time period;The vehicle energy consumption rate equation is CeDrv=CeInst+CeTMS
Further, target energy computing module 300 is specially according to the target travel distance STarWith the vehicle energy Consume rate CeDrvTarget, which is calculated, by target energy calculation formula reminds ENERGY ETarModule;Wherein, the target energy calculates Formula is ETar=(1+fEopt)*STar*CeDrv, fEoptFor empirical parameter.
Further, electricity judgment module 400 includes:
Objective circuit determination unit, for calculating the target according to the corresponding relationship of the battery capacity and vehicle energy Remind the corresponding target electricity of energy;
Judging unit, for judging whether the current electric quantity is greater than or equal to the target electricity;If so, stopping filling Electricity.
Further, the current battery charge SOC and vehicle ENERGY ESOCCorresponding relationship be ESOC=(SOC- SOCMin)*QBatt*UAvg;Wherein, SOCMin is the minimum electricity of battery, QBattFor battery rated capacity, UAvgFor future average electricity Pressure, UAvg=(USOC-USOCMin)*ffuture+USOC*fOpt, USOCFor the cell voltage under the current battery charge, USOCMinFor institute State the corresponding cell voltage of the minimum electricity of battery, ffutureFor the following average voltage coefficient, fOptFor history voltage corrected parameter.
Further, after stopping charging, further includes: send the prompt information that charging finishes to terminal installation.
Since the embodiment of components of system as directed is corresponded to each other with the embodiment of method part, the embodiment of components of system as directed is asked Referring to the description of the embodiment of method part, wouldn't repeat here.
Present invention also provides a kind of computer readable storage mediums, have computer program thereon, the computer program It is performed and step provided by above-described embodiment may be implemented.The storage medium may include: USB flash disk, mobile hard disk, read-only deposit Reservoir (Read-Only Memory, ROM), random access memory (Random Access Memory, RAM), magnetic disk or The various media that can store program code such as CD.
Present invention also provides a kind of electric carriers, may include memory and processor, have meter in the memory Calculation machine program may be implemented provided by above-described embodiment when the processor calls the computer program in the memory Step.Certain electric carrier can also include various network interfaces, the components such as power supply.
Each embodiment is described in a progressive manner in specification, the highlights of each of the examples are with other realities The difference of example is applied, the same or similar parts in each embodiment may refer to each other.For system disclosed in embodiment Speech, since it is corresponded to the methods disclosed in the examples, so being described relatively simple, related place is referring to method part illustration ?.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the premise of not departing from the application principle, also Can to the application, some improvement and modification can also be carried out, these improvement and modification also fall into the protection scope of the claim of this application It is interior.
It should also be noted that, in the present specification, relational terms such as first and second and the like be used merely to by One entity or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, without necessarily requiring or implying these entities or operation Between there are any actual relationship or orders.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant meaning Covering non-exclusive inclusion, so that the process, method, article or equipment for including a series of elements not only includes that A little elements, but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or The intrinsic element of equipment.Under the situation not limited more, the element limited by sentence "including a ..." is not arranged Except there is also other identical elements in the process, method, article or apparatus that includes the element.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of charging method of electric carrier characterized by comprising
When the battery of electric carrier is in charged state, the target travel distance of the electric carrier is obtained;
Vehicle energy consumption rate is determined according to the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate of the electric carrier and instantaneous traveling energy consumption;
Energy is reminded according to the target travel distance and the vehicle energy consumption rate calculations target;
Judge whether the current electric quantity of the battery is greater than or equal to the target and the corresponding target of energy is reminded to remind electricity;If It is then to stop charging.
2. charging method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that according to the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate of the electric carrier Determine that vehicle energy consumption rate includes: with instantaneous traveling energy consumption
The vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate Ce of the electric carrier is calculated according to temperature control energy consumption formulaTMS
The instantaneous traveling energy consumption Ce of the electric carrier is calculated according to traveling energy consumption formulaInst
The vehicle energy consumption rate Ce is calculated according to vehicle energy consumption rate equationDrv
Wherein, the temperature control energy consumption formula is CeTMS=fEnvtT*CeTMSMax, fEnvtTFor temperature correction coefficient, CeTMSMaxFor refrigeration Heat maximum energy consumption rate;The traveling energy consumption formula isUBattFor preset time Cell voltage in section, IBattFor battery current in the preset time period, Ta and Tb are respectively rising for the preset time period Begin moment and end time, STa-STbFor the operating range of the electric carrier in the preset time period, PwrTMSIt is described pre- If the cooling and warming energy consumption in the period;The vehicle energy consumption rate equation is CeDrv=CeInst+CeTMS
3. charging method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that according to the target travel distance and the vehicle energy consumption Rate calculations target remind energy include:
According to the target travel distance STarWith the vehicle energy consumption rate CeDrvTarget is calculated by target energy calculation formula Remind ENERGY ETar
Wherein, the target energy calculation formula is ETar=(1+fEopt)*STar*CeDrv, fEoptFor empirical parameter.
4. charging method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that judge whether the current electric quantity of the battery is greater than or waits The corresponding target of energy is reminded to remind electricity in the target, if so, stopping charging includes:
According to battery capacity target electricity corresponding with the corresponding relationship of the vehicle energy calculating target prompting energy;
Judge whether the current electric quantity is greater than or equal to the target electricity;
If so, stopping charging.
5. charging method according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the current battery charge SOC and vehicle ENERGY ESOC's Corresponding relationship is ESOC=(SOC-SOCMin) * QBatt*UAvg;Wherein, SOCMin is the minimum electricity of battery, QBattIt is specified for battery Capacity, UAvgFor the following average voltage, UAvg=(USOC-USOCMin)*ffuture+USOC*fOpt, USOCFor under the current battery charge Cell voltage, USOCMinFor the corresponding cell voltage of the minimum electricity of the battery, ffutureFor the following average voltage coefficient, fOpt For history voltage corrected parameter.
6. charging method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that after stopping charging, further includes:
The prompt information that charging finishes is sent to terminal installation.
7. charging method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:
The current electric quantity of the battery is obtained, and according to the determination of the corresponding relationship of the battery capacity and the vehicle energy The corresponding current vehicle energy of current electric quantity;
According to the vehicle energy consumption rate and the current vehicle energy balane remaining mileage.
8. a kind of charging system of electric carrier characterized by comprising
Distance obtains module, for obtaining the target line of the electric carrier when the battery of electric carrier is in charged state Sail distance;
Energy consumption determining module, for determining vehicle according to the vehicle temperature control energy consumption rate and instantaneous traveling energy consumption of the electric carrier Energy consumption rate;
Target energy computing module, for reminding energy according to the target travel distance and the vehicle energy consumption rate calculations target Amount;
Electricity judgment module reminds energy corresponding for judging whether the current electric quantity of the battery is greater than or equal to the target Target remind electricity;If so, stopping charging.
9. a kind of electric carrier characterized by comprising
Memory, for storing computer program;
Processor realizes such as distributed storage system as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6 when for executing the computer program The step of fault recovery method of system.
10. a kind of computer readable storage medium, which is characterized in that be stored with computer on the computer readable storage medium Program realizes the charging such as electric carrier as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6 when the computer program is executed by processor The step of method.
CN201811150274.3A 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 A kind of charging method of electric carrier, system and associated component Pending CN109159719A (en)

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Cited By (3)

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