CN109156364B - Colony house of high daylighting rate high gas permeability - Google Patents

Colony house of high daylighting rate high gas permeability Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109156364B
CN109156364B CN201810909825.3A CN201810909825A CN109156364B CN 109156364 B CN109156364 B CN 109156364B CN 201810909825 A CN201810909825 A CN 201810909825A CN 109156364 B CN109156364 B CN 109156364B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
colony house
tank
water tank
communicated
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CN201810909825.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109156364A (en
Inventor
冉贤
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Zhongke Tianhua Biotechnology Co ltd
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Zhongke Tianhua Biotechnology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201810909825.3A priority Critical patent/CN109156364B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0047Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings
    • A01K1/0052Arrangement of fans or blowers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/02Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/00008Stirrers, i.e. rotary stirring devices
    • B01F7/002Mounting of the rotating mixing element in respect to the receptacle
    • B01F7/00216Mounting of the rotating mixing element in respect to the receptacle occupying substantially the whole interior space of the receptacle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/16Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis
    • B01F7/18Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with paddles or arms
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/28Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for farming

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of plant planting, and discloses a colony house with high lighting rate and high air permeability, which comprises a colony house body with an opening at the top, wherein a lighting film is arranged at the opening at the top of the colony house body, the upper edge of the colony house body is fixedly connected with a water blocking edge, and a water tank is formed between the water blocking edge and the colony house body; the water tank is communicated with a water tank, the water tank is communicated with a water inlet pipe, and a switch valve for opening or closing an outlet of the water inlet pipe is arranged in the water tank; a mixing tank is communicated below the water tank, a water outlet valve is arranged between the mixing tank and the water tank, the mixing tank is communicated with a plurality of sprinkling pipes, and a stirring mechanism is arranged in the mixing tank; the liquid tank is fixedly connected with a liquid tank communicated with the mixing tank, and a liquid adding mechanism for adding nutrient solution in the liquid tank into the mixing tank is arranged in the water tank. The invention reasonably utilizes the rainwater to water the plants, thereby saving water resources; the fertilizer can be applied to the plants when the plants are irrigated, so that the nutrition is supplemented; the irrigation and fertilization processes do not need manual work, and the labor cost is saved.

Description

Colony house of high daylighting rate high gas permeability
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of plant planting, in particular to a colony house with high lighting rate and high air permeability.
Background
A stable is a place where animals or plants are kept. The houses where plants are grown are typically greenhouses, flower beds or geogrids. In winter, the outside temperature is lower, and the plant is generally planted in closed colony house, and the temperature in the closed colony house is higher than the outside temperature, does benefit to the growth of plant. The closed colony house commonly used for planting plants is a greenhouse, and the daylighting rate and the air permeability of the greenhouse are high. However, in the existing greenhouse, plants are isolated from external rainwater, and the plants cannot receive the external rainwater and need to be watered manually. In the mode, on one hand, rainwater cannot be reasonably utilized, and water resources are wasted; on the other hand, the manual watering mode increases the labor cost for planting the plants, and the labor intensity of people is high.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide the colony house with high lighting rate and high air permeability, rainwater can be reasonably utilized to water plants, and water resources are saved.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a colony house with high lighting rate and high air permeability comprises a colony house body with an opening at the top, a lighting film is arranged at the opening at the top of the colony house body, a water blocking edge is fixedly connected to the edge of the upper part of the colony house body, and a water tank is formed between the water blocking edge and the colony house body; the colony house body is fixedly connected with a support, the water tank is communicated with a water tank fixedly connected to the support, the water tank is communicated with a water inlet pipe, and a switch valve for opening or closing an outlet of the water inlet pipe is arranged in the water tank; a mixing box fixedly connected to the support is communicated with the lower part of the water tank, a water outlet valve is arranged between the mixing box and the water tank, the mixing box is communicated with a plurality of sprinkling pipes, and a stirring mechanism is arranged in the mixing box; the liquid tank is fixedly connected with a liquid tank, a liquid feeding port is arranged on the liquid tank, the liquid tank is communicated with the mixing box, and a liquid feeding mechanism for feeding nutrient solution in the liquid tank into the mixing box is arranged in the water tank.
The principle and the advantages of the scheme are as follows: establish the daylighting membrane on the colony house body, make the daylighting in the colony house good, do benefit to the plant and carry out photosynthesis, do benefit to the growth of plant. The rainwater is collected by the aid of the water blocking edges, and the collected rainwater is stored in the water tank. When the amount of rain water is not enough to water the plants, the water inlet pipe is used for adding water into the water tank. When the water level in the water tank drops to a set value, the switch valve is used for opening the outlet of the water outlet pipe and replenishing water in the water tank; when the water level in the water tank rises to a set value, the switch valve is used for closing the outlet of the water outlet pipe. The liquid box is used for containing nutrient solution used by the fertilizer, and a liquid adding opening on the liquid box is used for adding the nutrient solution into the liquid box. The mixing box is used for mixing the water and the nutrient solution in the water tank, and the stirring mechanism is used for stirring the water and the nutrient solution to uniformly mix the water and the nutrient solution. The liquid feeding mechanism is used for feeding nutrient solution in the liquid tank into the mixing box. The sprinkler pipe is used for spraying the liquid in the mixing box on the plants.
When the scheme is adopted, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
(1) through setting up manger plate limit and water tank, can be reasonable utilize the rainwater, water the water economy resource with the rainwater to the plant.
(2) Through setting up liquid case and mixing box, can be when watering the plant, fertilize for the plant, supply nutrition.
(3) The irrigation and fertilization processes are not required to be carried out manually, so that the labor cost is saved, and the labor intensity of people is reduced; the power source required by irrigation is converted from the gravitational potential energy of water, so that the additional power source is not required, and the energy is saved.
Further, an air inlet fan and an air outlet fan are arranged on the colony house body. Air inlet fan carries external air to the colony house in, and the air discharge of exhaust fan in with the colony house makes the air in the colony house circulate with exhaust fan, improves the gas permeability of colony house, guarantees the required oxygen of vegetation, does benefit to the growth of plant.
Furthermore, a plurality of sprinkling pipes are arranged in a criss-cross mode, a plurality of sprinkling holes are uniformly distributed in the side wall of each sprinkling pipe, and fan blades are arranged at the sprinkling holes. The sprinkling pipes are arranged in a criss-cross mode, and a plurality of sprinkling holes are formed in the sprinkling pipes, so that liquid discharged from the mixing box can be sprinkled on all plants; the fan blades are arranged at the positions of the water spraying holes, and the fan blades rotate during water spraying, so that the liquid is uniformly dispersed.
Further, the switch valve comprises a second cylinder fixedly connected to the bottom of the water tank, a second piston head is connected to the second cylinder in a sliding mode, an air cavity is formed between the second piston head and the lower portion of the second cylinder, the air cavity is communicated with an air bag located outside the water tank, a baffle is fixedly connected to the upper end of the second piston head, and a through hole which is aligned with the outlet of the water inlet pipe intermittently is formed in the baffle.
The change of the water level changes the pressure of the water acting on the second piston head, so that the second piston head moves up and down; the second piston head moves up and down to align or misalign the through hole of the baffle with the outlet of the inlet pipe, thereby opening or closing the outlet of the inlet pipe. When the second piston head moves downwards, the air bag is used for absorbing the gas exhausted from the air cavity; the bladder is adapted to replenish the gas in the chamber when the second piston head is moved upwardly.
Further, the liquid adding mechanism comprises a first air cylinder fixedly connected to the bottom of the water tank, a first piston head is connected in the first air cylinder in a sliding mode, a first piston rod is fixedly connected to the upper end of the first piston head, a floating ball is fixedly connected to the upper end of the first piston rod, and a balancing weight is fixedly connected to the floating ball; the first cylinder is communicated with a liquid inlet pipe and a liquid outlet pipe, the liquid inlet pipe is communicated with the liquid tank, the liquid inlet pipe is connected with a liquid inlet one-way valve, the liquid outlet pipe is communicated with the mixing tank, and the liquid outlet pipe is connected with a pressure valve.
The water level in the water tank rises, the floating ball moves upwards, the floating ball enables the first piston head to move upwards through the first piston rod, and the first piston head moves upwards to suck nutrient solution in the liquid tank into the first air cylinder. The water level descends to enable the floating ball to move downwards, the floating ball enables the first piston head to move downwards through the first piston rod, the first piston head moves downwards to apply pressure to nutrient solution in the first cylinder, the pressure of the nutrient solution is increased, and therefore the pressure valve is opened, and the nutrient solution enters the mixing box through the liquid outlet pipe. The balancing weight is used for increasing the pressure of the first piston head on the nutrient solution in the first cylinder, so that the nutrient solution can be smoothly discharged.
Because the falling amount of the water level is in direct proportion to the water yield; the descending amount of the water level is equal to the descending distance of the floating ball, and the descending distance of the floating ball is in direct proportion to the amount of the nutrient solution discharged from the first cylinder; therefore, the amount of water discharged from the water tank is proportional to the amount of the nutrient solution discharged from the first cylinder; therefore, the concentration of the nutrient solution mixed in the mixing box is kept unchanged, the using amount of the nutrient solution irrigated by the plants in the colony house is the same, and the plants grow in a balanced manner.
Further, the stirring mechanism comprises a turbine fixedly connected to the inner wall of the mixing box, the turbine is opposite to the outlet of the water outlet pipe, the turbine is coaxially connected with a stirring shaft, and stirring blades are fixedly connected to the stirring shaft. The turbine rotates by water flow in the water tank, and the turbine rotates the stirring sheet through the stirring shaft, so that water and nutrient solution in the mixing tank are stirred; the stirring sheet is rotated by utilizing hydraulic potential energy, no additional power source is needed, and energy is saved.
Further, still including the actuating mechanism who receives, put the membrane of daylighting, actuating mechanism is connected with the motor including connecting the conveyer belt on the colony house body, conveyer belt, and bandage fixed connection is passed through to the one end of membrane of daylighting on the area face of conveyer belt, and the other end of membrane of daylighting also passes through bandage fixed connection on the support. The motor makes the conveyer belt move, and the conveyer belt motion makes the one end of daylighting membrane move along with the conveyer belt to draw in the daylighting membrane to the other end.
Furthermore, a plurality of binding ropes are fixedly connected to the daylighting film and are sleeved on the belt surface of the conveyor belt. Through setting up the rope of bundling, can be better with daylighting membrane receipts fold.
Furthermore, the water retaining edge is obliquely arranged, and the lower end of the water retaining edge is communicated with the water tank. The water blocking edge is obliquely arranged to play a role in drainage, so that water in the water tank can be conveniently drained into the water tank.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic side view of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a right side view of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional view of fig. 2 at B.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail below by way of specific embodiments:
reference numerals in the drawings of the specification include: the device comprises a colony house body 1, an air inlet fan 2, a water retaining edge 3, a water tank 4, a lighting film 5, a binding rope 6, a belt 7, a belt pulley 8, a support 9, an exhaust fan 10, a beam 11, a driving gear 12, a driven gear 13, a motor 14, a sprinkler pipe 15, a water tank 16, a mixing box 17, a water inlet pipe 18, a liquid tank 19, a balancing weight 20, a floating ball 21, a first piston rod 22, a first piston head 23, a first air cylinder 24, a pressure valve 25, a liquid outlet pipe 26, a water outlet valve 27, a turbine 28, a stirring shaft 29, a stirring sheet 30, an air cavity 31, a water outlet pipe 32, a second air cylinder 33, an air bag 34, a second piston head 35, a baffle 36.
The embodiment is basically as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2: a colony house with high lighting rate and high air permeability comprises a colony house body 1 with an opening at the top, a lighting film 5 in a splayed shape is arranged at the opening at the top of the colony house body 1, and an air inlet fan 2 and an air exhaust fan 10 are arranged on the colony house body 1; the edge of the upper part of the colony house body 1 is welded with a water retaining edge 3 which is obliquely arranged, and a water tank 4 is formed between the water retaining edge 3 and the colony house body 1; fixedly connected with support 9 on colony house body 1, the low end department intercommunication on manger plate limit 3 has water tank 16 through bolted connection on support 9, the below of water tank 16 is equipped with through bolted connection mixing box 17 on support 9, be equipped with rabbling mechanism in the mixing box 17, combine figure 4 to know, rabbling mechanism includes the turbine 28 through bolted connection on mixing box 17 inner wall, turbine 28 has (mixing) shaft 29 through key and retaining ring coaxial coupling, the welding has stirring piece 30 on the (mixing) shaft 29. The mixing box 17 is communicated with a plurality of sprinkling pipes 15, the sprinkling pipes 15 are arranged in a criss-cross mode, a plurality of sprinkling holes are uniformly distributed in the side wall of each sprinkling pipe 15, and fan blades are arranged at the sprinkling holes. Referring to fig. 4, the water tank 16 is communicated with an inlet pipe 18 communicated with a faucet, the bottom of the water tank 16 is communicated with an outlet pipe 32 communicated with the mixing tank 17, the outlet of the outlet pipe 32 is opposite to the turbine 28, and the outlet pipe 32 is connected with an outlet valve 27. The water tank 16 is internally provided with a switch valve for opening or closing the outlet of the water inlet pipe 18, the switch valve comprises a second cylinder 33 fixedly connected to the bottom of the water tank 16 through a bolt, a second piston head 35 is connected in the second cylinder 33 in a sliding manner, an air chamber 31 is formed by the second piston head 35 and the lower part of the second cylinder 33, the air chamber 31 is communicated with an air bag 34 positioned outside the water tank 16, the upper end of the second piston head 35 is welded with a baffle 36, and the baffle 36 is provided with a through hole 37 intermittently aligned with the outlet of the water inlet pipe 18.
The left end of the water tank 16 is connected with a liquid tank 19 through a bolt, and the top of the liquid tank 19 is provided with a liquid feeding port; still be equipped with liquid feeding mechanism in the water tank 16, liquid feeding mechanism includes the first cylinder 24 of bolt fixed connection in the water tank 16 bottom, and sliding connection has first piston head 23 in the first cylinder 24, and the welding of the upper end of first piston head 23 has first piston rod 22, and the welding of the upper end of first piston rod 22 has floater 21, and the welding has balancing weight 20 on the floater 21. The bottom of the first cylinder 24 is communicated with a liquid inlet pipe and a liquid outlet pipe 26, the liquid inlet pipe is communicated with the liquid tank 19, the liquid inlet pipe is connected with a liquid inlet one-way valve, the liquid outlet pipe 26 is communicated with the mixing tank 17, and the liquid outlet pipe 26 is connected with a pressure valve 25.
The welding of colony house body 1's top has crossbeam 11, combine fig. 1 and fig. 3 to know, the both ends of crossbeam 11 are equipped with two conveyer belts respectively, totally four conveyer belts, the conveyer belt includes rotates two belt pulleys 8 of connection on colony house body 1 and crossbeam 11 respectively through the pivot, all be connected with belt 7 between two belt pulleys 8, four angles of daylighting membrane 5 all are through bandage fixed connection on belt 7, the middle part of daylighting membrane 5 also is through bandage fixed connection on support 9, a plurality of ropes 6 of fixedly connected with on the daylighting membrane 5, it all overlaps on belt 7 to prick rope 6. One of the belt pulleys 8 on the beam 11 is coaxially connected with a driving gear 12 through a key, the driving gear 12 is meshed with a driven gear 13, the driven gear 13 is coaxially connected with the other belt pulley 8 on the beam 11 through a key, the support 9 is fixedly connected with a motor 14 through a bolt, and an output shaft of the motor 14 is coaxially connected with the driving gear 12 through a key.
The specific implementation process is as follows: initially, there is gas in the second cylinder 33. Rainwater flows into the water tank 16 through the water tank 4 to be stored, the depth of water in the water tank 16 is increased along with the increase of water in the water tank 16, the water pressure of the water on the second piston head 35 is increased, the water enables the second piston head 35 to move downwards, and gas in the air cavity 31 is discharged into the air bag 34. Meanwhile, the water level rises, so that the floating ball 21 moves upwards, the floating ball 21 enables the first piston head 23 to move upwards through the first piston rod 22, and the first piston head 23 moves upwards to suck the nutrient solution in the liquid tank 19 into the first air cylinder 24.
When the plants in the colony house need to be watered, the water outlet valve 27 is manually opened, water in the water tank 16 is discharged into the mixing box 17 from the water outlet pipe 32, the turbine 28 is rotated by the water flow, and the stirring blades 30 are rotated by the turbine 28 through the stirring shaft 29. Simultaneously, water in the water tank 16 is discharged, the water level in the water tank 16 is lowered, the water level is lowered, the floating ball 21 moves downwards, the floating ball 21 enables the first piston head 23 to move downwards through the first piston rod 22, the first piston head 23 moves downwards to apply pressure to nutrient solution in the first air cylinder 24, the nutrient solution pressure is increased, the pressure valve 25 is opened, and the nutrient solution in the first air cylinder 24 enters the mixing box 17 through the liquid outlet pipe 26. Water and nutrient solution all get into mixing box 17, make nutrient solution and water misce bene under the stirring of stirring piece 30, and the liquid after the mixture is discharged to sprinkler pipe 15 in, the watering hole discharge on the sprinkler pipe 15 is followed afterwards, and the liquid that the watering hole was discharged makes the flabellum rotate to make more even watering of liquid on the plant. Since the water level is decreased in proportion to the amount of discharged water (neglecting the influence of the first cylinder 24 and the second cylinder 33); the descending amount of the water level is equal to the descending distance of the floating ball 21, and the descending distance of the floating ball 21 is in direct proportion to the amount of the nutrient solution discharged from the first air cylinder 24; therefore, the water discharged from the water tank 16 is proportional to the nutrient solution discharged from the first cylinder 24; therefore, the concentration of the mixed nutrient solution is unchanged, the using amount of the nutrient solution for irrigating the plants in the colony house is the same, and the plants grow in a balanced manner. When the concentration of the nutrient solution for irrigation needs to be changed, the concentration of the nutrient solution added into the solution tank 19 only needs to be changed. When the nutrient solution is not required to be added, clean water can be added into the liquid tank 19 or nothing can be added into the liquid tank 19.
When the water level in the water tank 16 is lower than a set value, the through hole 37 on the baffle plate 36 is aligned with the outlet of the water inlet pipe 18, so that the water inlet pipe 18 is opened, the water in the water inlet pipe 18 enters the water tank 16, the water is added into the water tank 16, the depth of the water is increased along with the increase of the water in the water tank 16, the pressure of the water on the second piston head 35 is increased, and the water enables the second piston head 35 to move downwards; at the same time, the air in the air chamber 31 is discharged into the air bag 34, and the second piston head 35 moves downwards to move the baffle 36 downwards, so as to close the outlet of the water inlet pipe 18. When the water level rises, the floating ball 21 moves upwards, the floating ball 21 enables the first piston head 23 to move upwards through the first piston rod 22, and the first piston head 23 moves upwards to suck the nutrient solution in the liquid tank 19 into the first air cylinder 24 for supplementing the nutrient solution.
In summer, the weather is hot, and the temperature is higher in the colony house, for better growth of plant, can draw in daylighting membrane 5 in, reduces the temperature in the colony house. The specific operation process is as follows: the motor 14 is started manually, as can be seen from fig. 1 and 3, the motor 14 enables the driving gear 12 to rotate clockwise, the driving gear 12 enables the driven gear 13 to rotate anticlockwise, the driving gear 12 and the driven gear 13 enable the conveyor belt to move, the conveyor belt enables the lighting film 5 to move towards the top of the colony house through four corners of the lighting film 5, so that the lighting film 5 is folded, and then the motor 14 is stopped manually. When temperature reduces, when needing to cover daylighting membrane 5 in colony house body 1 top, the manual work makes 14 antiport of motor, motor 14 makes driving gear 12 anticlockwise rotations, driving gear 12 makes driven gear 13 clockwise rotation, driving gear 12 and driven gear 13 make the conveyer belt motion, the conveyer belt makes daylighting membrane 5 move to the outer end of colony house through four angles of daylighting membrane 5 to cover daylighting membrane 5 on colony house body 1, then manual stop motor 14.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, it is possible to make various changes and modifications without departing from the concept of the present invention, and these should be construed as the scope of protection of the present invention, which will not affect the effect of the implementation of the present invention and the utility of the patent. The techniques, shapes, and structural parts, which are omitted from the description of the present invention, are all known techniques.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a colony house of high daylighting rate high gas permeability which characterized in that: the colony house comprises a colony house body with an opening at the top, wherein a lighting film is arranged at the opening at the top of the colony house body, the upper edge of the colony house body is fixedly connected with a water blocking edge, and a water tank is formed between the water blocking edge and the colony house body; the colony house body is fixedly connected with a support, the water tank is communicated with a water tank fixedly connected to the support, the water tank is communicated with a water inlet pipe, and a switch valve for opening or closing an outlet of the water inlet pipe is arranged in the water tank; a mixing tank fixedly connected to the support is communicated with the lower part of the water tank, a water outlet pipe communicated with the mixing tank is communicated with the bottom of the water tank, a water outlet valve is arranged between the mixing tank and the water tank, the mixing tank is communicated with a plurality of sprinkling pipes, and a stirring mechanism is arranged in the mixing tank; the liquid tank is fixedly connected with a liquid box, a liquid feeding port is arranged on the liquid box, the liquid box is communicated with the mixing box, and a liquid feeding mechanism for feeding nutrient solution in the liquid box into the mixing box is arranged in the water tank; the switch valve comprises a second cylinder fixedly connected to the bottom of the water tank, a second piston head is connected in the second cylinder in a sliding mode, an air cavity is formed between the second piston head and the lower portion of the second cylinder, the air cavity is communicated with an air bag located outside the water tank, the upper end of the second piston head is fixedly connected with a baffle, and a through hole which is intermittently aligned with an outlet of the water inlet pipe is formed in the baffle; the liquid adding mechanism comprises a first air cylinder fixedly connected to the bottom of the water tank, a first piston head is connected in the first air cylinder in a sliding mode, a first piston rod is fixedly connected to the upper end of the first piston head, a floating ball is fixedly connected to the upper end of the first piston rod, and a balancing weight is fixedly connected to the floating ball; first cylinder intercommunication has feed liquor pipe and drain pipe, the feed liquor pipe with the liquid case intercommunication is connected with the feed liquor check valve on the feed liquor pipe, the drain pipe with the mixing box intercommunication is connected with the pressure valve on the drain pipe.
2. A high light collection and high air permeability colony house according to claim 1, wherein: and the colony house body is provided with an air inlet fan and an air outlet fan.
3. A high light collection and high air permeability colony house according to claim 1, wherein: the plurality of sprinkling pipes are arranged in a criss-cross mode, a plurality of sprinkling holes are uniformly distributed in the side wall of each sprinkling pipe, and fan blades are arranged at the sprinkling holes.
4. A high light collection and high air permeability colony house according to claim 1, wherein: the stirring mechanism comprises a turbine fixedly connected to the inner wall of the mixing box, the turbine is right opposite to the outlet of the water outlet pipe, the turbine is coaxially connected with a stirring shaft, and stirring blades are fixedly connected to the stirring shaft.
5. A high light collection and high air permeability colony house according to claim 4, wherein: still including receiving, putting the actuating mechanism of daylighting membrane, actuating mechanism is connected with the motor including connecting the conveyer belt on the colony house body, the conveyer belt, bandage fixed connection is passed through on the area face of conveyer belt to the one end of daylighting membrane, the other end of daylighting membrane also is through bandage fixed connection on the support.
6. A high light collection and high air permeability colony house according to claim 5, wherein: the daylighting film is fixedly connected with a plurality of binding ropes, and the binding ropes are all sleeved on the belt surface of the conveyor belt.
7. A colony house according to any one of claims 1-6, being highly light-transmitting and air-permeable, characterized in that: the water blocking edge is obliquely arranged, and the lower end of the water blocking edge is communicated with the water tank.
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