CN109156118A - A kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting - Google Patents

A kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109156118A
CN109156118A CN201811032319.7A CN201811032319A CN109156118A CN 109156118 A CN109156118 A CN 109156118A CN 201811032319 A CN201811032319 A CN 201811032319A CN 109156118 A CN109156118 A CN 109156118A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sawtooth
fixed
container
planting
driving motor
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CN201811032319.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109156118B (en
Inventor
陈尚书
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安徽省尚书生态农业科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201811032319.7A priority Critical patent/CN109156118B/en
Publication of CN109156118A publication Critical patent/CN109156118A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/04Machines for making or covering holes for sowing or planting

Abstract

A kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting, including appliance stand, accumulator box, remote control device, described device bracket two sides inner vertical direction is fixed with ball screw, sawtooth beam is fixed on the slide of the ball screw, two groups of Mobile bases are installed on the sawtooth beam, the Mobile base includes outer container, first driving motor, displacement gear, partition is equipped in the middle part of the outer container, first driving motor is mounted on partition top, the sawtooth beam passes through the outer container of the lower partition, the displacement gear is symmetrically mounted on sawtooth beam equipped with two groups respectively and is fixed on inside the outer container of the lower partition by bearing block at two sides both ends up and down, first driving motor connects the displacement gear on top by gear, outer container outer surface lower bolt is connected with pit-picker, the present invention saves labour, it lightens one's labor, increase is opened Cheat efficiency.

Description

A kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting
Technical field
The present invention relates to pear tree planting equipment facility fields, and in particular to a kind of to open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting Digging apparatus.
Background technique
Pear tree field planting needs to excavate pit slot and pear sapling is placed in inside pit slot, then bankets, and waters.In the process, Since each pear tree needs corresponding slot hole, it is therefore desirable to excavate a large amount of slot hole, it is excessively artificial that multi-pass is excavated in traditional slot hole It is digged pit using spade or is digged pit by pit-picker drilling, however either use is manually digged pit or pit-picker is digged pit, and is cheated opening Hole position can only be once excavated in journey, working efficiency is low, and the amount of labour is big, the spacing of control hole interdigit is not easy to, for some Large-scale pear tree plantation, cultivated area is big, only excavates hole position every time, to complete plantation amount in the stipulated time, it is necessary to Increase amount of labour, causes increased costs.
Summary of the invention
What the present invention to be overcome is during pear tree field planting using manually using spade to dig pit or when pit-picker is digged pit, one The problem of secondary to excavate hole position, working efficiency is low, and the amount of labour is big, is not easy to the spacing of control hole interdigit, it is therefore an objective to mention For a kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting.
A kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting, including appliance stand, accumulator box, remote control dress It sets, described device bracket two sides inner vertical direction is fixed with ball screw, is fixed with sawtooth on the slide of the ball screw Beam, installs two groups of Mobile bases on the sawtooth beam, and the Mobile base includes outer container, the first driving motor, displacement gear, described outer Partition is equipped in the middle part of case, first driving motor is mounted on partition top, and the sawtooth beam passes through the outer container of the lower partition, institute It states displacement gear and is symmetrically mounted on sawtooth beam respectively equipped with two groups and two sides both ends the lower partition is fixed on by bearing block up and down Inside outer container, first driving motor connects the displacement gear on top by gear, and outer container outer surface lower bolt connects It is connected to pit-picker, the accumulator box is fixed on appliance stand, and the ball screw, the first driving motor, pit-picker are electrical Connection accumulator box and remote control device, described device frame bottom are equipped with castor.
Further, the pit-picker includes outer box shell, screw rod, and the second driving electricity is fixedly installed with inside the outer box shell Machine, the second driving motor shaft connection gear gearbox, the speed-changing gear box other end connecting screw, the screw rod are solid It is scheduled on outer box shell bottom end, the screw rod is welded with symmetrical scraper plate, the helical-blade welding of the scraper plate side and screw rod, the scraper plate The other side is saw-tooth-type structures.
Further, the Mobile base is welded with damping spring perpendicular to the two sides of sawtooth beam, and the damping spring is another One end is fixed with resilient cushion.
Further, described device bracket outer side is fixed with backplate.
Further, described device frame upper and sawtooth beam are arranged in parallel with scale.
Further, two side lower part of described device bracket is respectively equipped with pin hole, and the pin hole ring set is outside positioning pin, institute Stating positioning pin lower end is needle point structure.
Further, described device bracket leading flank four corners have been respectively articulated with connecting rod, and four groups of connecting rods are another End is articulated with draw bar one end.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
The present invention drives two groups of pit-pickers mobile respectively using two groups of Mobile bases on sawtooth beam, by adjusting Mobile base it Between spacing adjust the spacing between two groups of pit-pickers, open the spacing in hole to reach control, then pass through ball screw movement drive Sawtooth beam moves down, and is drilled using pit-picker, and hole is opened in realization, only needs manual control remote control device in whole process, can be complete At hole is opened, labour is saved, is lightened one's labor, hole efficiency is opened in increase.
By welding scraper plate in screw rod bottom end, the helical-blade welding of scraper plate side and screw rod, the scraper plate other side is sawtooth pattern Structure utilizes scraper plate with increasing the brill of screw rod ability.
By being welded with damping spring perpendicular to the two sides of sawtooth beam in Mobile base, the damping spring other end, which is fixed with, to be subtracted Shake pad avoids Mobile base during the motion using damping spring and resilient cushion, mutually hits or strike sawtooth beam both ends Appliance stand.
By being fixed with backplate in appliance stand exterior lateral sides, when pit-picker is drilled, due to the centrifugal force of screw rod, It will cause soil block to splash around, surround soil block using backplate, avoid accidentally injuring operator, convenient for being collected utilization to soil block.
By being arranged in parallel with scale on appliance stand top and sawtooth beam, convenient for measuring the spacing between two groups of Mobile bases, Convenient for the spacing of control hole interdigit.
By the way that pin hole is respectively set in appliance stand two sides bottom end, positioning pin is installed inside pin hole, when needing out hole, Positioning pin is inserted in inside soil layer, is prevented when opening hole, appliance stand moves, and hole effect is opened in influence.
By being respectively articulated with connecting rod in appliance stand leading flank four corners, four groups of connecting rod other ends are articulated with traction Bar one end, it is easy to remove convenient for connection tractor.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structure chart of the invention;
Fig. 2 is Mobile base structure chart of the invention;
Fig. 3 is pit-picker structure chart of the invention;
In figure: 1. appliance stands;2. accumulator box;3. remote control device;12. ball screw;13. sawtooth beam;14. mobile Seat;21. outer container;22. the first driving motor;23. displacement gear;24. partition;25. pit-picker;26. castor;31. outer box shell; 32. screw rod;33. the second driving motor;34. speed-changing gear box;35. scraper plate;41. damping spring;42. resilient cushion;43. backplate; 44. scale;45. pin hole;46. positioning pin;47. connecting rod;48. draw bar.
Specific embodiment
It is easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, below with reference to It is specifically illustrating, the present invention is further explained.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2;A kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting, including appliance stand 1, Accumulator box 2, remote control device 3,1 two sides inner vertical direction of appliance stand are fixed with ball screw 12, the cunning of ball screw 12 It is fixed with sawtooth beam 13 on seat, two groups of Mobile bases 14 are installed on sawtooth beam 13, Mobile base 14 includes outer container 21, the first driving motor 22, displacement gear 23 are equipped with partition 24 in the middle part of outer container 21, and the first driving motor 22 is mounted on 24 top of partition, and sawtooth beam 13 is worn The outer container 21 of 24 lower part of partition is crossed, displacement gear 23 is symmetrically mounted on about 13 two sides both ends of sawtooth beam equipped with two groups respectively and passes through Bearing block is fixed on inside the outer container 21 of 24 lower part of partition, and the first driving motor 22 connects the displacement gear on top by gear 23,21 outer surface lower bolt of outer container is connected with pit-picker 25, and accumulator box 2 is fixed on appliance stand 1, ball screw 12, First driving motor 25, pit-picker 25 are electrically connected accumulator box 2 and remote control device 3, and 1 bottom of appliance stand is equipped with castor 26。
As shown in Figure 3;Pit-picker 25 includes outer box shell 31, screw rod 32, is fixedly installed with the second driving inside outer box shell 31 Motor 33,33 shaft connection gear gearbox 34 of the second driving motor, 34 other end connecting screw 32 of speed-changing gear box, screw rod 32 It is fixed on outer 31 bottom end of box shell, screw rod 32 is welded with symmetrical scraper plate 35, the helical-blade welding of 35 side of scraper plate and screw rod 32, scraper plate 35 other sides are saw-tooth-type structures.
Mobile base 14 is welded with damping spring 41 perpendicular to the two sides of sawtooth beam 13, and 41 other end of damping spring is fixed with Resilient cushion 42.
1 top of appliance stand and sawtooth beam 13 are arranged in parallel with scale 44.
1 liang of side lower part of appliance stand is respectively equipped with pin hole 45, and 45 ring set of pin hole is outside positioning pin 46,46 lower end of positioning pin For needle point structure.
1 leading flank four corners of appliance stand have been respectively articulated with connecting rod 47, and four groups of 47 other ends of connecting rod are articulated with traction 48 one end of bar.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2;A kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting, including appliance stand 1, Accumulator box 2, remote control device 3,1 two sides inner vertical direction of appliance stand are fixed with ball screw 12, the cunning of ball screw 12 It is fixed with sawtooth beam 13 on seat, two groups of Mobile bases 14 are installed on sawtooth beam 13, Mobile base 14 includes outer container 21, the first driving motor 22, displacement gear 23 are equipped with partition 24 in the middle part of outer container 21, and the first driving motor 22 is mounted on 24 top of partition, and sawtooth beam 13 is worn The outer container 21 of 24 lower part of partition is crossed, displacement gear 23 is symmetrically mounted on about 13 two sides both ends of sawtooth beam equipped with two groups respectively and passes through Bearing block is fixed on inside the outer container 21 of 24 lower part of partition, and the first driving motor 22 connects the displacement gear on top by gear 23,21 outer surface lower bolt of outer container is connected with pit-picker 25, and accumulator box 2 is fixed on appliance stand 1, ball screw 12, First driving motor 22, pit-picker 25 are electrically connected accumulator box 2 and remote control device 3, and 1 bottom of appliance stand is equipped with castor 26。
As shown in Figure 3;Pit-picker 25 includes outer box shell 31, screw rod 32, is fixedly installed with the second driving inside outer box shell 31 Motor 33,33 shaft connection gear gearbox 34 of the second driving motor, 34 other end connecting screw 32 of speed-changing gear box, screw rod 32 It is fixed on outer 31 bottom end of box shell, screw rod 32 is welded with symmetrical scraper plate 35, the helical-blade welding of 35 side of scraper plate and screw rod 32, scraper plate 35 other sides are saw-tooth-type structures.
Mobile base 14 is welded with damping spring 41 perpendicular to the two sides of sawtooth beam 13, and 41 other end of damping spring is fixed with Resilient cushion 42.
1 top of appliance stand and sawtooth beam 13 are arranged in parallel with scale 44.
1 liang of side lower part of appliance stand is respectively equipped with pin hole 45, and 45 ring set of pin hole is outside positioning pin 46,46 lower end of positioning pin For needle point structure.
1 leading flank four corners of appliance stand have been respectively articulated with connecting rod 47, and four groups of 47 other ends of connecting rod are articulated with traction 48 one end of bar.
As shown in Figure 1;1 exterior lateral sides of appliance stand are fixed with backplate 43, when pit-picker is drilled, due to screw rod Centrifugal force, will cause soil block and splashes around, surround soil block using backplate, avoid accidentally injuring operator, convenient for receiving soil block Collection utilizes.
The above shows and describes the basic principles and main features of the present invention and the advantages of the present invention.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting, it is characterised in that: including appliance stand (1), electric power storage Pond case (2), remote control device (3), described device bracket (1) two sides inner vertical direction are fixed with ball screw (12), the rolling It is fixed on the slide of ballscrew (12) sawtooth beam (13), two groups of Mobile bases (14), the shifting is installed on the sawtooth beam (13) Dynamic seat (14) include outer container (21), the first driving motor (22), displacement gear (23), are equipped with partition in the middle part of the outer container (21) (24), first driving motor (22) is mounted on partition (24) top, and the sawtooth beam (13) passes through partition (24) lower part Outer container (21), the displacement gear (23) are symmetrically mounted on sawtooth beam (13) equipped with two groups respectively and pass through bearing in two sides both ends up and down The outer container (21) that seat is fixed on partition (24) lower part is internal, and first driving motor (22) connects the displacement on top by gear Gear (23), outer container (21) outer surface lower bolt are connected with pit-picker (25), and the accumulator box (2) is fixed on device On bracket (1), the ball screw (12), the first driving motor (22), pit-picker (25) be electrically connected accumulator box (2) with it is distant It controls device (3), described device bracket (1) bottom is equipped with castor (26).
2. a kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute Stating pit-picker (25) includes outer box shell (31), screw rod (32), is fixedly installed with the second driving motor inside the outer box shell (31) (33), the second driving motor (33) shaft connection gear gearbox (34), speed-changing gear box (34) other end connection Screw rod (32), the screw rod (32) are fixed on outer box shell (31) bottom end, and the screw rod (32) is welded with symmetrical scraper plate (35), described The helical-blade of scraper plate (35) side and screw rod (32) welds, and scraper plate (35) other side is saw-tooth-type structures.
3. a kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute It states Mobile base (14) to be welded with damping spring (41) perpendicular to the two sides of sawtooth beam (13), damping spring (41) other end It is fixed with resilient cushion (42).
4. a kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute It states appliance stand (1) exterior lateral sides and is fixed with backplate (43).
5. a kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute It states appliance stand (1) top and sawtooth beam (13) is arranged in parallel with scale (44).
6. a kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute It states (1) two side lower part of appliance stand to be respectively equipped with pin hole (45), pin hole (45) ring set is external in positioning pin (46), described fixed Position pin (46) lower end is needle point structure.
7. a kind of digging apparatus that can open cratered simultaneously for pear tree field planting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute It states appliance stand (1) leading flank four corners to be respectively articulated with connecting rod (47), four groups of connecting rods (47) other end is articulated with Draw bar (48) one end.
CN201811032319.7A 2018-09-05 2018-09-05 A digging device that is used for many pits of pear tree field planting to open simultaneously Active CN109156118B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811032319.7A CN109156118B (en) 2018-09-05 2018-09-05 A digging device that is used for many pits of pear tree field planting to open simultaneously

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811032319.7A CN109156118B (en) 2018-09-05 2018-09-05 A digging device that is used for many pits of pear tree field planting to open simultaneously

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CN109156118A true CN109156118A (en) 2019-01-08
CN109156118B CN109156118B (en) 2020-11-10

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Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH119121A (en) * 1997-06-20 1999-01-19 Yamashita Kanagata:Kk Mud guard for hole auger
CN204350587U (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-27 高蕊 Portable type lower resistance environmental protection Tree Planting Earthdrill
CN206895169U (en) * 2017-04-25 2018-01-19 江西硕丰果业开发有限公司 A kind of sweet teak plantation digging apparatus
CN107667613A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-02-09 北海南坡腕网络技术有限公司 A kind of gardens are with the Machine for planting tree people that digs pit
CN206977975U (en) * 2017-05-08 2018-02-09 天津诚禹洋农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of new and effective equipment of digging pit of planting trees
CN107690884A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-02-16 开县郭辉燕柚子种植场 One kind is digged pit equipment
CN207410717U (en) * 2017-04-11 2018-05-29 苏贵妹 A kind of seedling growth pit-picker
CN207573874U (en) * 2017-10-14 2018-07-06 河北润垚种业有限公司 A kind of rice shoot plants pit-picker
CN207589472U (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-07-10 长安大学 A kind of drill bit multifunctional greenhouse pit-picker adjustable in pitch
CN207626043U (en) * 2017-10-21 2018-07-20 黄诚广 A kind of Tea planting digging apparatus
CN207720668U (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-08-14 张万林 A kind of adjustable ground auger
CN207802720U (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-09-04 西安东嘉贸易有限公司 It is transformed with double drill bit puncheres in a kind of gardens convenient for adjusting spacing
CN207802717U (en) * 2017-10-12 2018-09-04 平山县鑫熊农业开发有限公司 A kind of multistation pit-picker planted trees

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH119121A (en) * 1997-06-20 1999-01-19 Yamashita Kanagata:Kk Mud guard for hole auger
CN204350587U (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-27 高蕊 Portable type lower resistance environmental protection Tree Planting Earthdrill
CN207410717U (en) * 2017-04-11 2018-05-29 苏贵妹 A kind of seedling growth pit-picker
CN206895169U (en) * 2017-04-25 2018-01-19 江西硕丰果业开发有限公司 A kind of sweet teak plantation digging apparatus
CN206977975U (en) * 2017-05-08 2018-02-09 天津诚禹洋农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of new and effective equipment of digging pit of planting trees
CN107690884A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-02-16 开县郭辉燕柚子种植场 One kind is digged pit equipment
CN207802717U (en) * 2017-10-12 2018-09-04 平山县鑫熊农业开发有限公司 A kind of multistation pit-picker planted trees
CN207573874U (en) * 2017-10-14 2018-07-06 河北润垚种业有限公司 A kind of rice shoot plants pit-picker
CN207626043U (en) * 2017-10-21 2018-07-20 黄诚广 A kind of Tea planting digging apparatus
CN107667613A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-02-09 北海南坡腕网络技术有限公司 A kind of gardens are with the Machine for planting tree people that digs pit
CN207802720U (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-09-04 西安东嘉贸易有限公司 It is transformed with double drill bit puncheres in a kind of gardens convenient for adjusting spacing
CN207589472U (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-07-10 长安大学 A kind of drill bit multifunctional greenhouse pit-picker adjustable in pitch
CN207720668U (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-08-14 张万林 A kind of adjustable ground auger

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