CN109153918A - Handle the method and system of oily mixture - Google Patents

Handle the method and system of oily mixture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109153918A
CN109153918A CN201580085811.9A CN201580085811A CN109153918A CN 109153918 A CN109153918 A CN 109153918A CN 201580085811 A CN201580085811 A CN 201580085811A CN 109153918 A CN109153918 A CN 109153918A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
oily mixture
fragment
described device
dehydration
microwave
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CN201580085811.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张彦
侯英飞
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Cyc Machinery Co
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Cyc Machinery Co
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Priority to PCT/CN2015/098810 priority Critical patent/WO2017107157A1/en
Publication of CN109153918A publication Critical patent/CN109153918A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G33/00Dewatering or demulsification of hydrocarbon oils
    • C10G33/02Dewatering or demulsification of hydrocarbon oils with electrical or magnetic means
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G15/00Cracking of hydrocarbon oils by electric means, electromagnetic or mechanical vibrations, by particle radiation or with gases superheated in electric arcs
    • C10G15/08Cracking of hydrocarbon oils by electric means, electromagnetic or mechanical vibrations, by particle radiation or with gases superheated in electric arcs by electric means or by electromagnetic or mechanical vibrations
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G31/00Refining of hydrocarbon oils in the absence of hydrogen, by methods not otherwise provided for
    • C10G31/06Refining of hydrocarbon oils in the absence of hydrogen, by methods not otherwise provided for by heating, cooling, or pressure treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G32/00Refining of hydrocarbons oils by electric or magnetic means, by irradiation or by using microorganisms
    • C10G32/02Refining of hydrocarbons oils by electric or magnetic means, by irradiation or by using microorganisms by electric or magnetic means
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G55/00Treatment of hydrocarbon oils in the absence of hydrogen, by at least one refining process and at least one cracking process
    • C10G55/02Treatment of hydrocarbon oils in the absence of hydrogen, by at least one refining process and at least one cracking process plural serial stages only
    • C10G55/04Treatment of hydrocarbon oils in the absence of hydrogen, by at least one refining process and at least one cracking process plural serial stages only including at least one thermal cracking step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G2300/00Aspects relating to hydrocarbon processing covered by groups C10G1/00 - C10G99/00
    • C10G2300/40Characteristics of the process deviating from typical ways of processing
    • C10G2300/4006Temperature

Abstract

It receives and freezes oily mixture to generate the oily mixture of freezing.The oily mixture of freezing is crushed and is fragmentated.Fragment is dehydrated to generate the fragment of dehydration in the first heating process.The fragment of dehydration is cracked in the second heating process.

Description

Handle the method and system of oily mixture
Background technique
1. technical field
This introduction is related to the method for handling oily mixture, the system and program.Specifically, this introduction is related to microwave treatment The method of oily mixture, the system and program.
2. the discussion of technical background
With oil exploration, movable increase is developed and produces, the oily waste water and oiliness sludge of generation are more and more, this It may result in serious environmental pollution.Therefore, contamination control and the resource benefit of exploitation oiliness sludge and other oily mixtures It is the key that petroleum industry with technology.
Existing method for handling oily mixture includes concentration and seasoning, boiling method, solvent extraction, bioanalysis And pyrolysis method.
Concentration and seasoning include that oiliness sludge is concentrated using gravity, flotation or centrifugal force.For example, since water is than oil Heavy, the water in oiliness sludge can be separated and dried from the lower section of oiliness sludge.The method of this processing oiliness sludge needs very The long time.
Boiling method includes that heating oiliness sludge makes water boiling therein.Water and lower boiling hydrocarbons (hydrocarbons) can be with It is steamed from the tower top for loading oiliness sludge.This method cannot thoroughly handle oiliness sludge, cannot utilize oiliness sludge well.
Solvent extraction is primarily referred to as extracting crude oil from oiliness sludge using chemical solvent.Through initial gross separation, oil and its Its liquid fluid flows into extraction equipment, extracts crude oil using some chemical solvents.Extract crude oil after, by remaining sludge from It is dehydrated in heart dehydration device, generates dewatered sludge and is used as fuel.The method needs one and overflows long and complex process.
Bioanalysis is primarily referred to as carrying out microbial degradation to oiliness sludge, can be by the Hydrocarbon Organic in oiliness sludge It is converted into carbon dioxide and water.This will lead to higher cost, and cause processing speed slow due to degradation.
Thermal cracking is a kind of simple and thorough method for handling oiliness sludge.Due to containing a large amount of heavys in oiliness sludge The crude oil of mineral oil, this method can be used for cracking and condensing mink cell focus, thus separation and recycling hydro carbons.But it is existing most of Pyrolysis method all carries out in a closed system, cannot be uniformly heated up oiliness sludge, and be not applied for it is different into To material.
Therefore, it is necessary to the technologies of development process oily mixture, to overcome disadvantages mentioned above.
Summary of the invention
This introduction is related to the method for handling oily mixture, the system and program.Specifically, this introduction is related to microwave treatment The method of oily mixture, the system and program.
In one example, a kind of method for handling oily mixture is disclosed.It receives and freezes oily mixture To generate the oily mixture of freezing.The oily mixture of freezing is crushed and is fragmentated.To described broken in the first heating process Piece is dehydrated to generate the fragment of dehydration.The fragment of dehydration is cracked in the second heating process.
In another example, a kind of method for handling oily mixture is disclosed.By oily mixture feeder First part.In the first part of the device, the oily mixture is dehydrated using microwave, to generate the production of dehydration Object.The product of dehydration is continuously transported to from the first part of the device to the second part of device.At second of the device Point, it is cracked using product of the microwave to dehydration.
In a different example, a kind of system for handling oily mixture is disclosed.The system includes: charging Device is configured as receiving and freeze oily mixture to generate the oily mixture of freezing, and by the oily mixture of freezing It is broken to fragmentate;Oily mixture dehydrator is configured as being dehydrated with life these fragments in the first heating process At the fragment of dehydration;Oily mixture cracker is configured as cracking the fragment of dehydration in the second heating process.
Additional novel feature will be illustrated in following description, those skilled in the art are consulting in following Hold with after attached drawing, can partly will become apparent from these additional novel features, or exemplary generation or operation can be passed through To learn these additional novel features.The novel feature of this introduction detailed can show by practicing or using discussed below Each method, means and the combined various aspects stated are achieved and obtained in example.
Detailed description of the invention
Approach described herein, system and/or program are further described in the exemplary embodiment.To these examples Property embodiment is described in detail referring to attached drawing.These embodiments are non-limiting exemplary embodiment, wherein in attached drawing In multiple views, similar appended drawing reference indicates similar structure, in which:
Fig. 1 shows the example process that thermal cracking is carried out to oily mixture of embodiment according to this teaching;
Fig. 2 shows the processing streams for carrying out thermal cracking to oily mixture using microwave of embodiment according to this teaching Journey;
Fig. 3 shows the cross-sectional view of the feeder of the exemplary hot cracker of embodiment according to this teaching;
Fig. 4 shows the side view of the exemplary hot pyrolysis furnace of embodiment according to this teaching;
Fig. 5 shows the exemplary diagram being illustrated to the thermal cracker of the embodiment of this introduction;
Fig. 6 shows the stream of the example process using microwave thermal cracking oil mixture of embodiment according to this teaching Cheng Tu;
Fig. 7 shows the example process for extracting and processing the steam generated by dehydration of embodiment according to this teaching Flow chart;
Fig. 8 shows the exemplary mistake for extracting and processing the cracking gas generated by thermal cracking of embodiment according to this teaching The flow chart of journey;
Fig. 9 shows the different views of the drill bit of the feeder of the exemplary hot cracker of embodiment according to this teaching Figure;
Figure 10 shows the exemplary application ring using microwave thermal cracking oil mixture of embodiment according to this teaching Border;
Figure 11 shows the exemplary using another of microwave thermal cracking oil mixture of embodiment according to this teaching Application environment;
Figure 12 shows the exemplary using another of microwave thermal cracking oil mixture of embodiment according to this teaching Application environment;
Figure 13 shows the exemplary using another of microwave thermal cracking oil mixture of embodiment according to this teaching Application environment.
Specific embodiment
In the following detailed description, many details are illustrated by various examples, to provide the thorough reason of relevant teachings Solution.It will be apparent, however, that those skilled in the art can practice this introduction in the case where without these details.At it In the case of it, well-known method, process, system, component and/or circuit are described with relatively high rank, And do not include details, to avoid this introduction is unnecessarily obscured.
The present disclosure describes use microwave treatment oily mixture, such as oiliness sludge, oil-sand, the method for oily waste water etc. And system.Oiliness sludge refers to the useless of the oil-containing generated during oil extraction, oil transportation, oil refining and oily waste water treatment etc. Object.The usual volume of oiliness sludge is big, and calorific value is high, and water content is high, complicated component.Oiliness sludge may contain harmful components, wherein Most of is more than discharge standard.These characteristics may be such that the processing of oiliness sludge becomes difficult.
Disclosed herein is the method and systems based on thermal cracking processing oiliness sludge.The system can hot tearing in sealed states Oiliness sludge is solved, condensable and recycling gas and residue are generated.Identical system can be in same time-triggered protocol solid oily Mixture and liquid oily mixture.
Oily mixture may include oiliness sludge, be the solid waste rich in oil component.Oiliness sludge is mainly to wrap Argillaceous particle, organic matter, floccule, microorganism and its metabolin, the sludge of minerals etc..Oiliness sludge is typically derived from stone The oil-sand and sludge generated in exploration activity, oil development and petrochemical production process.Oiliness sludge can be with very big volume production It is raw.Oiliness sludge may include a large amount of oil that component is enriched comprising mink cell focus.Oiliness sludge can be sand matrix shape sludge and The form of aqueous-based viscous sludge.Oily mixture can also include the oily waste water comprising impurity such as crude oil.Oily waste water can be with It is generated in oil and natural gas production process.
Embodiment according to this teaching, the system include feeder, can freeze oily mixture and the oil by freezing Property mixture is broken fragmentates, it can convey a large amount of fragment to system in the whole process.It therefore, can according to its ingredient To be directly fed oily mixture, without classifying.No matter what the ingredient in oily mixture is, oily mixture is It is no that directly oily mixture can be processed comprising husky matrix shape sludge, oil-water viscosity sludge or oily waste water, to realize General charging.
Embodiment according to this teaching, the system use microwave to heat oiliness sludge during processing.Microwave It can be used for realizing quickly, be evenly heated that there is the features such as antienzyme, sterilization, automatic control.Microwave heating is energy conservation and safety. Microwave heating technique is crushed in drying, sintering, inducing catalysis, and catalysis especially chemically reacted etc., which has, widely answers With value.Microwave is used to dry and heat oily mixture, hair during thermal cracking oily mixture can be effectively avoided Raw coking phenomenon.
After the oily mixture of feeding is chilled and is broken into fragment, system these fragments can be delivered in furnace into Row microwave heating.Embodiment according to this teaching, microwave heating are two stages process, including upstream drying stage and downstream hot tearing The solution stage.Most of moisture in upstream drying stage, oily mixture can evaporate, and some light in oily mixture Matter hydrocarbon can also be evaporated to be extracted recycling.In downstream heat cleavage stages, which can be to the heavy oil ingredient in oily mixture Thermal cracking is carried out, to generate light hydrocarbon, extracts recycling by further after can also evaporating.The two stages can connect with conveyer belt It is carried out in two parts of the stove connect, to realize the continuous processing to oily mixture.
Embodiment according to this teaching, which can recycle 82% or more crude oil from oily mixture, and realize Higher safe handling rate and higher resource recovery.Oil content after processing in solid residue can be less than 0.3%.For Net energy output may be implemented in the oiliness sludge of dehydration of the oil content greater than 20%, the system, is processed into as economic benefit is greater than This.
In addition, the system, which can use simple device, realizes reliability service and high-energy recycling, and it is without secondary pollution, it brings Environmental benefit and economic benefit, and new way is provided for oiliness sewage sludge harmlessness and the utilization of resources.In addition, the system of this introduction Without to just adding anything in processed oily mixture.
Additional novel feature will be illustrated in following description, those skilled in the art are consulting in following Hold with after attached drawing, can partly will become apparent from these additional novel features, or exemplary generation or operation can be passed through To learn these additional novel features.The novel feature of this introduction detailed can show by practicing or using discussed below Each method, means and the combined various aspects stated are achieved and obtained in example.
Fig. 1 shows the example process 100 that embodiment according to this teaching carries out thermal cracking to oily mixture.In object In material feeding 102, material is admitted to system to be handled.The material can be including based on husky matrix shape sludge, oil-water is viscous Property sludge, any oily mixture of oily waste water or their any combination.In material feeding 102, system can be right Charging is freezed, such as using liquid nitrogen, and the material of freezing is crushed and is fragmentated.
In the dehydration 104 based on microwave, system can take off fragment by the way that these fragments are exposed in microwave Water, to generate the fragment of dehydration.This can be carried out in the first part of micro-wave oven, which can be used controlled microwave Power heats material.Water in fragment can evaporate and be recovered further recycling.In one example, it is being based on In the dehydration 104 of microwave, which can also extract light hydrocarbon by microwave heating from fragment, and recycle extracted lightweight Hydrocarbon is for recycling.Dehydration 104 based on microwave can carry out under anaerobic environment.Dehydration described herein can refer to removing oiliness Moisture in mixture, in this way it does not need to remove all moisture in fragment.
In the cracking 106 based on microwave, system can rapidly heat oily mixture to being higher than 400 DEG C, can wrap Include the hydrocarbon vaporate stage, thermal cracking stage and microwave heating stage.It is light in oily mixture fragment when temperature is more than 200 DEG C Matter hydrocarbon continues to evaporate, and can be using thermal cracking as gas, and petroleum yield increases as the temperature rises.When temperature is 460 DEG C~490 DEG C, as temperature increases, liquid phase oil yield and conversion ratio are increased;When temperature continues to increase, liquid phase oil yield may It can decline.When temperature reaches about 450 DEG C, the heavy oil ingredient in oily mixture fragment can be cracked into light oil group by system Divide with recycling.When temperature reaches about 520 DEG C, it is gentle that the oil ingredient in oily mixture fragment can be cracked into light oil by system State hydrocarbon, wherein the amount of incoagulable gas can increase.When temperature is higher than 520 DEG C, system can continue mixed with microwave heating oiliness Object fragment is closed, with extract oil, and generates gas and residue.
Cracking 106 based on microwave can carry out under anaerobic environment in the second part of micro-wave oven.First of furnace Point and the second part of device can be separated by gas curtain so that the temperature in the temperature and second part in first part can be with It is different.Gas curtain may include nitrogen and/or steam.
In residue treatment 108, system can handle the steam generated in the dehydration 104 based on microwave, Yi Jiyou The cracking gas and solid residue generated in cracking 106 based on microwave.For example, system can be collected from the dehydration based on microwave The steam generated in 104, and use a part of collected steam as the gas source of gas curtain for separating two of micro-wave oven Partial source.The system can also use the another part for the steam collected, and cool down cracking as shower water after condensation Sludge residue.
The system can from the cracking gas generated by the cracking 106 based on microwave extract oil, waste water and incoagulability gas Body.The system can convey the oil of extraction for further separating and refining.The system can be with transport wastewater for further locating Reason or recycling.The system can convey incoagulable gas for further processing or discharge incoagulable gas is (if it is harmless ).For the solid residue generated from the cracking 106 based on microwave, since their oil content may be very after treatment It is low, be, for example, less than 0.3%, therefore they be it is safe, may be adapted to direct emission.
Fig. 2 shows the exemplary detailed processing using microwave thermal cracking oil mixture of embodiment according to this teaching Process.Example disclosed according to fig. 2, the system for thermal cracking oily mixture include feeder 201, microwave thermal cracking Furnace 202, bag filter 203, compressor 204, steam heat-exchanger 205, cracking gas condenser 206, three phase separator 207, Air blower 208, steam condenser 209, cooling water nozzle 210, sludge sump 211, dry furnace chamber 212, thermal cracking furnace chamber 213 pass Send band 214, gas curtain 215,216,217, exhaust outlet 218,219, drill bit 220, gas chamber (gas chamber) 221, oil storage room (oil Chamber) 222 and water tank (water chamber) 223.
As shown in Fig. 2, oily mixture puts into feeder 201 first.In feeder 201, oily mixture is frozen into For solid-state or non-flow regime.In general, oily mixture can be frozen into any sufficiently rigid fragmentate can be crushed State.For example, feeder 201 can be freezed the oily mixture in cooling tube using liquid nitrogen.Then, the oiliness of freezing is mixed It closes object and is fractured into fragment, such as pass through the drill bit 220 in feeder 201.Drill bit 220 can bore, cut the oiliness mixing of freezing For object at the more or less uniform fragment of granularity, this is heated properly the fragment in microwave heating process.It is each Block can be sufficiently small so that its it is inside and outside can be equably by microwave heating.
Then these fragments are put into the feed end of microwave pyrocrack furnace 202.Microwave pyrocrack furnace 202 may include two Part: dry furnace chamber 212 and thermal cracking furnace chamber 213.Conveyer belt 214 can continuously convey these fragments to two chambers, with To oily mixture fragment continuous feed.
Microwave pyrocrack furnace 202 can use the thermal conduction effect heating oily mixture of microwave.Microwave pyrocrack furnace 202 Can have conveyer belt 214, such as stainless steel conveyor belt, for conveying oily mixture fragment.The hot tearing of microwave pyrocrack furnace 202 Solution preocess includes two stages: upstream drying stage and downstream heat cleavage stages.When conveyer belt 214 conveys oily mixture fragment To when drying furnace chamber 212, in upstream, drying stage is dried and is dehydrated to fragment.When conveyer belt 214 conveys oily mixture When fragment to thermal cracking furnace chamber 213, thermal cracking is carried out to fragment in downstream heat cleavage stages.Oiliness is continuously conveyed in conveyer belt 214 Mixture fragment is to two chambers, with continuous processing oily mixture fragment.
Gas curtain 215 and 216 is located at the both ends of microwave pyrocrack furnace 202, with gas curtain seals microwave pyrocrack furnace 202. Dry furnace chamber 212 and thermal cracking furnace chamber 213 are separated also by the gas curtain 217 that two chambers boundary is arranged in, to separate gas curtain The gas of 217 two sides.In this way, the temperature of two chambers can be different;And the temperature inside and outside microwave pyrocrack furnace 202 can also To be different.The gas source of each gas curtain can be the nitrogen of nitrogen gas generator generation, be also possible to the generation of upstream drying stage Steam.For example, the nitrogen that nitrogen gas generator generates can be used as the gas source of gas curtain when system just starts.When the system After running a period of time, the steam generated in the drying stage of upstream is used as the gas source of gas curtain.
In the upstream drying stage of dry furnace chamber 212, the oily mixture fragment of freezing is heated to more than 100 DEG C, example Such as 120 DEG C, so that water and/or lightweight the hydrocarbon vaporate in oily mixture fragment.The stage can be broken by removing oily mixture About 50% water is dehydrated oily mixture in piece.The steam or water vapour of evaporation can be passed through by air blower 208 The exhaust outlet 218 of dry furnace chamber 212 is extracted out.The a part of of the steam of pumping can be heated by steam heat-exchanger 205, and be made For the gas source of gas curtain 215,216,217.Another part of the steam of pumping can be condensed by steam condenser 209, as spray Water cools down the sludge residue of the cracking in sludge sump 211 by cooling water nozzle 210.The temperature of dry furnace chamber 212 Usually less than 205 DEG C.
In one embodiment, after air blower 208 is pumped out the steam that upstream drying stage generates by exhaust outlet 218, Jet chimney is divided into two lines, and one leads to steam heat-exchanger 205, and another leads to steam condenser 209.Two lines pipe The split ratio (division ratio) of steam can proportionally be controlled by pipeline valve in road.Split ratio can be based on Following factor determines, including processing capacity, the moisture content of oily mixture, gas flow needed for gas curtain etc..It is handed over into steam heat The vapor portion of parallel operation 205 can carry out heat exchange with the cracking gas generated in downstream heat cleavage stages, so that the temperature of steam It increases, and the temperature of cracking gas reduces.After steam is heated in the steam heat-exchanger 205, the quality of steam is available Improve, so that heated steam can be used as the gas source of gas curtain 215,216,217.Into the vapor portion of steam condenser 209 It can be condensed, subsequently into cooling water nozzle 210, as chilling spray water to the sludge residue of the cracking in sludge sump 211 It is cooled down.
In another embodiment, since the light hydrocarbon in oily mixture fragment is also evaporated in upstream drying stage, drum Blower 208 can pump out steam and light hydrocarbon gas via exhaust outlet 218 simultaneously.The water vapour and light hydrocarbon gas pumped out can pass through Oil/water separator (such as three phase separator) is condensed and is separated, to separate light hydrocarbon and water vapour.Then, light hydrocarbon can To be collected.Then the water vapour after separating can be divided into two lines.Steam in one line enters steam heat-exchanger 205, for carrying out heat exchange with the cracking gas generated in downstream heat cleavage stages, gas curtain 215,216,217 is used as after being heated Gas source.Steam in another line, which enters in steam condenser 209, to be condensed, subsequently into cooling water nozzle 210, as cooling Shower water cools down the sludge residue of the cracking in sludge sump 211.
In the 213 middle and lower reaches thermal cracking stage of thermal cracking furnace chamber, oily mixture fragment can be heated rapidly to height with microwave In 400 DEG C, such as 560 DEG C.This may include the hydrocarbon vaporate (hydrocarbon evaporation) stage, thermal cracking (thermal cracking) stage and microwave heating (microwave burning) stage.When the temperature of oily mixture fragment When degree is higher than 200 DEG C, the light hydrocarbon in oily mixture fragment continues to evaporate, and can using thermal cracking as gas, and with The raising oil yield of temperature increases.Thermal cracking furnace chamber 213 can use microwave quickly by the temperature of oily mixture fragment from 200 DEG C or less be heated above 400 DEG C, this can be effectively prevented noxious material, such as the generation of dioxin.When oily mixture is broken At 460 DEG C~490 DEG C, oil recovering rate and conversion ratio increase with temperature and increase the temperature of piece.When oily mixture fragment Temperature continue increase when, oil recovering rate may decline.When temperature reaches about 450 DEG C, thermal cracking furnace chamber 213 can be into one Heavy oil ingredient in step cracking oily mixture fragment, to form light oil for recycling.When temperature reaches about 520 DEG C, Thermal cracking furnace chamber 213 can further crack the oil ingredient in oily mixture fragment, to form light oil and gaseous hydrocarbon, wherein not The amount of solidifying property gas can increase.When temperature is higher than 520 DEG C, thermal cracking furnace chamber 213 can continue mixed with microwave heating oiliness Object fragment is closed, with extract oil, and generates gas and residue.
In one embodiment, the cracking gas generated in downstream heat cleavage stages can be from the row of thermal cracking furnace chamber 213 Port 219 is extracted out.Cracking gas may include lightweight oil ingredient and water vapour.Cracking gas can enter bag filter 203 to filter Dust (dust) or flue dust (soot) in cracking gas.Filtered cracking gas improves its pressure by compressor 204, to provide Transmission power.Then cracking gas is transported to steam heat-exchanger 205, and the steam generated with upstream drying stage carries out hot friendship It changes, to reduce the temperature of cracking gas, and improves the temperature of steam.
In one embodiment, steam heat-exchanger 205 is the shell-tube type heat with pipe side inlet and outlet and shell-side inlet and outlet Exchanger.In steam heat-exchanger 205, cracking gas passes through shell, enters steam heat-exchanger 205 by shell-side inlet, passes through After heat exchange, steam heat-exchanger 205 is discharged by shell-side outlet.The vapor through conduit enters steam by pipe side-entrance Steam heat-exchanger 205 is discharged via pipe side outlet after heat exchange in heat exchanger 205.
The cracking gas of discharge steam heat-exchanger 205 can be pipelined in cracking gas condenser 206, with into one Step is cooling and condenses to form liquid/gas mixture.Liquid/gas mixture may include light oil and water.In an example, cracking gas Condenser 206 can use the cooling cracking gas of cold water.
Then, liquid/gas mixture, which enters, is used for isolated three phase separator 207.Using gravity, three phase separator 207 can Liquid/gas mixture is divided into three-phase: gas, You Heshui.Three phase separator 207 in this example includes gas chamber 221, oil storage room 222 and water tank 223.Oil in liquid/gas mixture enters oil storage room 222, and is discharged from the oil export of 222 bottom of oil storage room.It should System can transport the oil of discharge further to separate and refine.Waste water in liquid/gas mixture enters water tank 223, and from water tank The water outlet of 223 bottoms is discharged.The system can transport the waste water of discharge to be further processed or recycle.Stay in liquid/gas mixture In incoagulable gas enter gas chamber 221, and extracted out from the top of gas chamber 221.The system can transport incoagulable gas be used for into The processing of one step or discharge incoagulable gas (if it has been harmless).
Downstream heat cleavage stages in thermal cracking furnace chamber 213, oily mixture fragment is by thermal cracking, to generate cracking gas And leave sludge residue.The sludge residue that downstream heat cleavage stages generate can be transported to sludge sump 211 by conveyer belt 214. After the shower water of cooling water nozzle 210 is cooling, the sludge residue in sludge sump 211 can be discharged, because after treatment Their oil content may be very low, is, for example, less than 0.3%, thus they be it is safe, may be adapted to direct emission.
It is feasible for being used to handle oily mixture for the pyrolysis technology based on microwave.Thermal cracking process is for environment Safety.The gas generated in thermal cracking processes contains the fuel gas that largely can be used as clean fuel gas.Thermal cracking mistake The oil generated in journey is mainly comprising light fuel oil, and wherein gasoline and diesel component content accounting are more than 80%.In condition appropriate Under, the ratio of the oil in sludge residue can meet emission request down to 0.005%.By carrying out classification processing to sludge residue Afterwards, the active carbon of the available some high added values of people, provides the depth utilization of resources of oily mixture.
Fig. 3 shows the cross-sectional view of the feeder of the exemplary hot cracker of embodiment according to this teaching.Fig. 3 is shown The exemplary structure of feeder, such as feeder 201 in Fig. 2.As shown in figure 3, the feeder in this example includes charging Bucket 301, feed entrance 302, rotary-piston 303, cooling tube 304, cutting bit 305, feed outlet port 306, turntable 307 are hydraulic Pump 308 feeds movable plate 309 and guide rail 310.
The material of embodiment according to this teaching, feeding can be directly placed into feed hopper 301, without dividing material Class, and regardless of whether the material of feeding includes sand matrix shape sludge, aqueous-based viscous sludge, oil-sand and/or oily waste water.Then The material of feeding can be delivered to feed entrance 302 by the charging movable plate 309 in this example, be the entrance of cooling tube 304.This Rotary-piston 303 in example can help to squeeze conveying object material, and push it into cooling tube 304 by feed entrance 302.Rotation Turning a work plug 303 can squeeze and push material in quantitative mode.When each turntable 307 rotates, corresponding guide rail can be passed through 310 are directed to one in rotary-piston 303 in the front of the material of feed entrance 302.Piston can be by quantitative material It squeezes and pushes in cooling tube 304 and freezed.
Cooling tube 304 in this example is the bimetallic tube for including outer tube and inner tube, and wherein outer tube is arranged in internal layer The outside of pipe.Material is pushed into inner tube, and outer tube has coolant, such as liquid nitrogen.When material is in inner tube It, can be by the rapid cooling of the coolant in outer tube and frozen materials, so that after material freezes in cooling tube 304 when middle For column freezing state.
When the oily mixture newly fed is forcibly pushed into cooling tube 304 by rotary-piston 303, rotary-piston 303 is also Column freezing oily mixture in cooling tube 304 is pushed into feed outlet port 306.When the column in cooling tube 304 freezes oiliness When mixture is pushed to feed outlet port 306, column freeze oily mixture by feed outlet port 306 cutting bit 305 it is anti- To pressure.Cutting bit 305 in this example is pushed by hydraulic pump 308, to generate the pressure for resisting 303 thrust of rotary-piston, And the column of part freezing oily mixture is broken and cut into pieces in feed outlet port 306.Fig. 9 is shown according to this teaching (top view 902, is looked up the different views of the drill bit (such as cutting bit 305 of exemplary hot cracker feeder) of embodiment Figure 90 4 and side view 906).
Freezing oily mixture can be drilled, be cut into granularity by one embodiment according to this teaching, cutting bit 305 More or less uniform fragment, so that the fragment can be heated properly in microwave heating process.Each fragment can be sufficient It is enough small, so that can be uniformly heated up by microwave inside and outside it.For example, the size on any direction is less than for each fragment 40 centimetres.In another example, for each fragment, the size on any direction is less than 35 centimetres.
Microwave office can be transported to by conveyer belt 311 in the freezing oily mixture fragment of feed outlet port 306.Microwave office can To be the drying furnace chamber 212 shown in Fig. 2 for using microwave heating fragment.Then these fragments can be dehydrated and is carried out Thermal cracking, as discussed above for Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 shows the exemplary hot pyrolysis furnace (the microwave pyrocrack furnace 202 in such as Fig. 2) of embodiment according to this teaching Side view.As shown in figure 4, the microwave pyrocrack furnace 202 in this example includes two microwave suppressors 403,412, three gas Curtain 404,408,411, several microwave sources 406, several exhaust outlets 407, a microwave cavity 410.
Fig. 4 also shows belt conveyor 401 comprising conveyer belt 409.In one embodiment, conveyer belt 409 is not Become rusty steel conveyer belt, and upper part band passes through microwave pyrocrack furnace 202.Stainless steel conveyor belt may be connected to tensioning apparatus On (tensioning device) and driving device.Fig. 4 also shows while supporting belt conveyor 401 and microwave thermal cracking Several brackets 405 of furnace 202.Several brackets 405 can be between tensioning apparatus and driving device.
As described above, oily mixture is freezed and is cut into pieces in feeder when handling oily mixture. The oily mixture fragment of freezing is continuously placed on the feed end 402 on conveyer belt 409, so that the oily mixture of freezing is broken Piece is transported in microwave cavity 410 by conveyer belt 409.The two sides of microwave cavity 410 are sealed by gas curtain 404,411, can be Anaerobic environment is generated in microwave cavity 410.
As described above, microwave cavity 410 can be divided into dry furnace chamber and thermal cracking furnace chamber two parts.The setting of gas curtain 408 is dry Between dry furnace chamber and thermal cracking furnace chamber, to separate the gas in two parts, so that the temperature of two chambers is different.Oily mixture After fragment is transported to thermal cracking furnace chamber from dry furnace chamber, the temperature of oily mixture fragment can be steeply risen.
Dry furnace chamber and thermal cracking furnace chamber all have exhaust outlet 407, for extracting water vapour and/or cracking gas out.Institute as above It discusses, the water vapour generated in dry furnace chamber can be heated for providing gas to gas curtain, or be condensed into shower water For cooling down sludge residue.The cracking gas generated in thermal cracking furnace chamber can be handled respectively to extract gas, You Heshui.
Dry furnace chamber and thermal cracking furnace chamber include microwave source 406, for generating microwave to heat oily mixture fragment. Two microwave suppressors 403,412 are located at the both ends of microwave pyrocrack furnace 202, to ensure to make in microwave pyrocrack furnace 202 The outside of microwave pyrocrack furnace 202 will not be leaked into microwave when microwave.
Oily mixture fragment is heated to 120 DEG C in dry furnace chamber, is done by one embodiment according to this teaching Dry and dehydration.The oily mixture fragment of dehydration is transported to thermal cracking furnace chamber by conveyer belt 409.Hydrocarbon can be carried out in thermal cracking furnace chamber Class distillation and thermal cracking.The organic matter of low molecular weight is distilled into gas discharge first.Then, the heavy hydrocarbon pyrolysis is light to generate Matter component is simultaneously discharged by exhaust outlet 407.The temperature of each chamber can be controlled by PLC (programmable logic controller (PLC)), packet Include configurable parameter, such as heating speed, correction time etc..
The system can carry out subsequent processing to the sludge residue that microwave pyrocrack furnace 202 generates.For example, the system can be used Safe disposal technology is classified and is classified to sludge residue, realizes completely harmless residue to be fully converted into resource.
Fig. 5 shows the exemplary diagram of the thermal cracker 500 of embodiment according to this teaching.As shown in figure 5, in this example Thermal cracker 500 include material feeder 502, oily mixture dehydrator 504, oily mixture cracker 506 and residual Slag treatment device 508.
Material feeder 502 in this example receives the material for processing.It includes husky base that the material, which can be any, Blocky sludge, oil-water viscosity sludge, the oily mixture of oily waste water or their any combination.The material feeder 502 Can be with frozen materials, such as using liquid nitrogen, and fragmentate the material of freezing is broken.The material feeder 502 can be as passed through These fragments are delivered to oily mixture dehydrator 504 by conveyer belt.
Oily mixture dehydrator 504 in this example can be dehydrated it by the way that fragment to be exposed in microwave, The fragment of dehydration is generated, such as in an anaerobic environment.As discussed above, oily mixture dehydrator 504 can be micro-wave oven First part, can be using inside controlled heats material.Moisture in fragment can evaporate and recycle weight It is multiple to utilize.Oily mixture dehydrator 504 can extract light hydrocarbon by microwave heating from fragment.Oily mixture dehydrator The fragment of dehydration for example can be delivered to oily mixture cracker 506 via conveyer belt by 504.Oily mixture dehydrator Water and steam-light hydrocarbon can also be delivered to residual treatment machine 508 by 504 to be handled.
Oily mixture cracker 506 in this example, which can be quickly heated up to the fragment of dehydration using microwave, to be higher than 400 DEG C, such as in anaerobic environment.When temperature is more than 200 DEG C, the light hydrocarbon in oily mixture fragment continues to evaporate, and can Using thermal cracking as gas, and oil yield increases as the temperature rises.When temperature is at 460 DEG C~490 DEG C, as temperature increases, Liquid phase oil yield and conversion ratio increase;When temperature continues to increase, liquid phase oil yield may decline.When temperature reaches about 450 DEG C when, oily mixture cracker 506 can crack the heavy oil ingredient in oily mixture fragment, be used for forming light oil Recycling.When temperature reaches about 520 DEG C, oily mixture cracker 506 can split the oil ingredient in oily mixture fragment Solution is at light oil and gaseous hydrocarbon, and wherein the amount of incoagulable gas can increase.When temperature is higher than 520 DEG C, oily mixture is split Solution device 506 can continue with extract oil, and to generate gas and residue using microwave heating oily mixture fragment.
As discussed above, oily mixture cracker 506 can be the second part of micro-wave oven.Oily mixture dehydration Device 504 and oily mixture cracker 506 can be separated by gas curtain, so that oily mixture dehydrator 504 and oiliness mixing Temperature in object cracker 506 can be different.Gas curtain may include nitrogen and/or steam.Oily mixture cracker 506 can be with Cracking gas and sludge residue are generated, and cracking gas and sludge residue are delivered to residual treatment machine 508 and handled.
Residual treatment machine 508 in this example can handle the steam generated in oily mixture dehydrator 504, and oil The cracking gas and sludge residue generated in property mixture cracker 506.It is mixed for example, residual treatment machine 508 can be collected by oiliness The steam that object dehydrator 504 generates is closed, and uses a part of collected steam as the gas source of gas curtain, the gas curtain is used for Separate two parts of micro-wave oven.Another part of collected steam is condensed, residual treatment machine 508 can also use This part of the steam of collection is used as shower water, with the cooling sludge residue as caused by oily mixture cracker 506.
Residual treatment machine 508 can from the cracking gas that oily mixture cracker 506 generates extract oil, waste water and do not coagulate Property gas.Residual treatment machine 508 can convey extracted oil further to separate and refine.Residual treatment machine 508 can be with Transport wastewater is to be further processed or recycle.Residual treatment machine 508 can convey incoagulable gas to carry out further Processing or discharge (if it is harmless).For sludge residue caused by oily mixture cracker 506, they be can be Safety, it is suitable for direct emission, is, for example, less than 0.3% because their oil content may be very low after treatment.
In one embodiment, material feeder 502 can be implemented as the feeder in Fig. 2 or Fig. 3.Oily mixture is de- Hydrophone 504 can be implemented as dry furnace chamber 212 shown in Fig. 2.Oily mixture cracker 506 can be implemented as institute in Fig. 2 The thermal cracking furnace chamber 213 shown.Residual treatment machine 508 can be implemented as condenser shown in Fig. 2, heat exchanger, three phase separation Device and other processing equipments.It is understood that although thermal cracker 500 can be embodied as according to one embodiment such as Fig. 2- Shown in 4, thermal cracker 500 can also be embodied as other structures according to other embodiments.
In other embodiments, material feeder 502 can be implemented as screw-feeder comprising driving device, charging Mouth (charging port), main shaft, helical blade and discharge port (discharging port).The power output of driving device End may be connected to main shaft.Main shaft can be only fitted in transfer passage.Screw rod blade can be fixed on main shaft.Feed inlet and discharging Mouth is connected to the both ends of transfer passage.
In other embodiments, oily mixture dehydrator 504 and oily mixture cracker 506 can be implemented as passing through Burning fuel or the mode of electricity heat the revolving burner of oily mixture.In other embodiments, oily mixture dehydrator 504 It can be implemented as Circulation fluidized-bed furnace with oily mixture cracker 506, burning fuel or electrically heated mode can be passed through The oily mixture of flowing is heated.
In other embodiments, residual treatment machine 508 can be implemented as collection system, which includes: that configuration exists Oil gas collection device outside transfer passage, and it is connected to the slag collection device of transfer passage discharge port.
Fig. 6 is the exemplary process flow diagram of the microwave thermal cracking oil mixture of embodiment according to this teaching.? 602, material feeder receives oily mixture, such as greasy filth or oil-sand.Oily mixture is freezed 604.It will freezing 606 Oily mixture broken fragmentate.Fragment is transported to 608 and is dehydrated.610, using microwave to fragment carry out heating and Dehydration.In one embodiment, these fragments are heated 610, so that the water and light hydrocarbon in fragment can evaporate.
It extracts and handles in the water vapour that 612 pairs of dehydrations generate.614, the fragment of dehydration is delivered to cracker. Heating cracking is carried out to the fragment of dehydration using microwave 616, to generate cracking gas and sludge residue.618, to cracking gas into Row extracts and processes.620, sludge residue is collected and handled.
It is understood that according to various embodiments, it can be according to not using the process of microwave thermal cracking oil mixture Sequence shown in Fig. 6 is same as to carry out.
Fig. 7 is the process of the example process for extracting and processing the steam generated by dehydration of embodiment according to this teaching Figure.This can be the detailed process of step 612 shown in fig. 6.
702, it is pumped out by the steam that dehydration generates, such as pass through air blower.704, the steam pumped out is divided into two A pipeline.The processing can be divided into Liang Ge branch.Steam in one pipeline is handled according to step 706 to 710;And Steam in another pipeline is handled according to step 712 to 716.
706, the steam in a pipe is transported to heat exchanger.In a heat exchanger, in the step 708 steam quilt The cracking gas heating generated in thermal cracking processes.It is provided as the gas source of gas curtain in the steam of step 710, heating, is separated The two chambers of pyrocrack furnace separate pyrocrack furnace and the external world.
Steam in 712, another pipeline is transported to condenser.714, steam is cooling within the condenser and is condensed into Water.716, by water spray to sludge residue, to cool down the sludge residue generated in thermal cracking processes.
It is understood that according to various embodiments, the process for extracting and processing the steam generated by dehydration can be with It is carried out according to sequence shown in Fig. 7 is different from.
Fig. 8 is embodiment according to this teaching for extracting and processing the exemplary mistake of the cracking gas generated by thermal cracking The flow chart of journey.This can be the detailed process of step 618 shown in fig. 6.
802, it is pumped out by the cracking gas that thermal cracking generates.Cracking gas may include lightweight oil ingredient, some dust and Water.804, the dust in cracking gas pumped out is filtered.806, the pressure increase of filtered cracking gas.808, In heat exchanger, the water vapour that cracking gas is dehydrated generation is cooling.810, cracking gas is further cooled down, and generates gas-liquid mixed Object.
Gas-liquid mixture may include gas, You Heshui.812, gas-liquid mixture can be transported to a three phase separation Device comprising gas chamber, oil storage room and water tank.814, the gas for coming, and entering three phase separator is separated from the mixture in gas It is discharged room.816, oil, which is separated from the mixture, to be come, and the oil storage room into three phase separator is discharged.818, water It is separated from the mixture and, the water tank into three phase separator is discharged.
It is understood that according to various embodiments, for extracting and processing the process of the cracking gas generated by thermal cracking It can be carried out according to sequence shown in Fig. 8 is different from.
Figure 10 shows the exemplary application ring for microwave thermal cracking oil mixture of embodiment according to this teaching Border.As shown in Figure 10, it can be the source of oily mixture in the oil-sand that mine 1000 is collected.Oil-sand is that loose sand or part are solid Tie sandstone, containing natural sand, clay or other mineral, water and pitch.For example, being retouched in this introduction in oil-sand mine 1000 The thermal cracking processes 100 stated can be applied to processing oil-sand to generate steam, cracking gas and sludge residue, these can be added Work is at resource reutilization or exhausts safely in environment.
Figure 11 shows the exemplary using another of microwave thermal cracking oil mixture of embodiment according to this teaching Application environment.As shown in figure 11, the greasy filth generated during oil exploitation 1100 can be the source of oily mixture.Greasy filth can be with It is gelling or the solidification due to oil and the solid or gel that are formed in the oil.For example, the crude oil of oil recovery factory 1100 can be separated into Oil, mud, water, this can produce a large amount of greasy filth.The thermal cracking processes 100 described in this introduction can be applied to the oil of oil recovery factory Mud processing, to generate steam, cracking gas and sludge residue, these can all be processed to resource reutilization or exhaust safely to In environment.
Figure 12 be also shown embodiment according to this teaching another using microwave thermal cracking oil mixture it is exemplary Application environment.As shown in figure 12, the greasy filth generated in oil plant 1200 can be another source of oily mixture.Oil plant Or petroleum refinery is Industrial processing plants, herein, can process and be refined into more useful product, such as naphtha, vapour for crude oil Oil, diesel oil, liquefied petroleum gas etc..According to different oil refining process, different types of greasy filth can produce.It is described in this introduction Thermal cracking processes 100 can be used for handling any kind of greasy filth generated in oil plant, to generate steam, cracking gas, and dirty Mud residue, these may be fabricated as resource reutilization or exhaust safely in environment.
Figure 13 show embodiment according to this teaching another is exemplary using microwave thermal cracking oil mixture Application environment.As shown in figure 13, the greasy filth generated in oil storage 1300 can be another source of oily mixture.In oil storage The bottom of tank, such as at 2.5 meters hereinafter, can all deposit a large amount of greasy filth every year.Thermal cracking processes 100 described in this introduction, It can be used for handling the greasy filth sediment generated in oil storage, to generate steam, cracking gas and sludge residue, these can be added Work is at resource reutilization or exhausts safely in environment.
Although being described previously is considered as the content for constituting this introduction and/or other examples, but it is understood that , it can be carry out various modifications.Presently disclosed subject matter can be realized with example in a variety of manners.And this religion It leads and can be applied to plurality of application scenes, and only describe a part therein herein.It is contemplated that by following following claims come State any and all application fallen into this introduction actual range, modifications and variations.

Claims (25)

1. a kind of method for handling oily mixture, this method comprises:
Receive the oily mixture;
The oily mixture is freezed to generate the oily mixture of freezing;
The oily mixture of the freezing is crushed and is fragmentated;
These fragments are dehydrated in the first heating process, to generate the fragment of dehydration;With
The fragment of dehydration is cracked in the second heating process.
2. according to the method described in claim 1, wherein at least one of first heating process and the second heating process Use microwave.
3. according to the method described in claim 1, wherein the oily mixture includes liquid composition and solids fraction.
4. according to the method described in claim 1, wherein the oily mixture includes greasy filth, in oil-sand and oily waste water It is at least one.
5. according to the method described in claim 1, further including the steps that extracting hydrocarbon from fragment.
6. according to the method described in claim 1, wherein each fragment along any direction is respectively less than 40cm.
7. according to the method described in claim 1, the temperature of the fragment is Celsius lower than 205 wherein in the first heating process Degree.
8. according to the method described in claim 1, the temperature of the fragment of the dehydration is higher than wherein in the second heating process 400 degrees Celsius.
9. according to the method described in claim 1, wherein at least one of first heating process and the second heating process It is carried out under anaerobic environment.
10. a kind of method for handling oily mixture, this method comprises:
It will be in the first part of oily mixture injection device;
Microwave is used to be dehydrated to generate the product of dehydration oily mixture in the first part of described device;
The product of the dehydration is continuously delivered to the second part of described device from the first part of described device;With
In the second part of described device, cracked using product of the microwave to dehydration.
11. according to the method described in claim 10, further comprising, when oily mixture is de- in the first part of described device While water, by the first part of another oily mixture injection described device.
12. according to the method described in claim 10, further comprising, when the first part of product from the described device of dehydration is defeated When sending to the second part of described device, while by the first part of another oily mixture injection described device.
13. according to the method described in claim 10, further comprising, when the product of dehydration is split in the second part of described device While solution, by the first part of another oily mixture injection described device.
14. according to the method described in claim 10, wherein the oily mixture includes greasy filth, in oil-sand and oily waste water It is at least one.
15. according to the method described in claim 10, wherein the oily mixture includes liquid composition and solids fraction.
16. according to the method described in claim 10, further comprise the first part in described device, using microwave from described Hydrocarbon is extracted in oily mixture.
17., will be described by transportation system according to the method described in claim 10, the product for wherein conveying the dehydration includes The product of dehydration is delivered to the second part of described device from the first part of described device.
18. according to the method described in claim 10, wherein the second part of the first part of described device and described device is logical It crosses gas curtain to separate, allows the first part different with the temperature in the second part.
19. according to the method for claim 17, wherein the gas curtain includes nitrogen.
20. according to the method for claim 17, wherein the gas curtain includes when the oily mixture is in described device The water vapour that first part generates from oily mixture when being dehydrated.
21. according to the method described in claim 10, wherein the temperature in the first part of described device is lower than 205 degrees Celsius.
22. according to the method described in claim 10, wherein the temperature in the second part of described device is higher than 400 degrees Celsius.
23. according to the method described in claim 10, wherein at least one of the first part of described device and second part With anaerobic environment.
24. a kind of system for handling oily mixture, the system include:
Material feeder is configurable for receiving and freezing oily mixture to generate the oily mixture of freezing, and will The oily mixture of the freezing is broken into fragment;
Oily mixture dehydrator is configured in the first heating process and is dehydrated the fragment to generate and take off The fragment of water;With
Oily mixture cracker is configured in the second heating process and cracks to the fragment of the dehydration.
25. system as claimed in claim 24 further comprises residual treatment machine, it is configured as processing and adds described first The gas and residue generated in thermal process and the second heating process.
CN201580085811.9A 2015-12-25 2015-12-25 Handle the method and system of oily mixture Pending CN109153918A (en)

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