CN109133367A - Suitable for aquaculture and the cleanser of river deodorization and the preparation method and application thereof - Google Patents

Suitable for aquaculture and the cleanser of river deodorization and the preparation method and application thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109133367A
CN109133367A CN201811070705.5A CN201811070705A CN109133367A CN 109133367 A CN109133367 A CN 109133367A CN 201811070705 A CN201811070705 A CN 201811070705A CN 109133367 A CN109133367 A CN 109133367A
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China
Prior art keywords
cleanser
aquaculture
water
added
mass content
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CN201811070705.5A
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CN109133367B (en
Inventor
张明海
肯特雷蒙德约翰
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Shanghai Longjin Building Materials Import And Export Co Ltd
Jease Environmental Technology (shanghai) Co Ltd
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Shanghai Longjin Building Materials Import And Export Co Ltd
Jease Environmental Technology (shanghai) Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/34Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/007Contaminated open waterways, rivers, lakes or ponds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/02Odour removal or prevention of malodour

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of for aquaculture and the cleanser of river deodorization and the preparation method and application thereof, cleanser is solidliquid mixture, pH is 9.5~10.5 and its component includes magnesium hydroxide, organic acid, suspending agent, biological bacteria and water, wherein the mass content of magnesium hydroxide is 10~70%, the mass content of suspending agent is 0.001~5%, biological bacteria is rich feeding degradation bacteria, and its mass content is 0.001~10%.The preparation method of cleanser includes: to make magnesia and water that hydration reaction occur to generate magnesium hydroxide, and when temperature is 95 DEG C or less, is then added suspending agent and biological bacteria, it is uniformly mixed to get.Cleanser of the invention is particularly suitable for aquaculture and river deodorization, good deodorization effect and easy to operate, and safety is good.

Description

Suitable for aquaculture and the cleanser of river deodorization and the preparation method and application thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture and river technical fields, and in particular to one kind have aquaculture and river deodorization and Cleanser of purifying water quality and preparation method thereof.
Background technique
With economic development, life, production waste discharge increasingly increase, and bring enormous pressure to environment.The discharge of sewage The problems such as use that pollution, chemical fertilizer are crossed results in heavy metal pollution, high nutrition load is led causes water quality to be not used to irrigation, water Produce the enjoyment environment of cultivation and pleasure.In extreme conditions, algal bloom may be to biological production toxigenicity, reduction water The problems such as output value, low dissolved oxygen and low water clarity.
In addition, the pH value in water quality is also an important pollution correlative factor.The eutrophication of water body can cause pH value Decline, and pH value decline not only results in sulfide raising, also results in heavy metal activity increase, which results in skeleton pains Etc. diseases risk increase.
It is most of at present to there is the aquatic farm of water treatment demand and river not to be connected into sewage treatment network, it is encountering Water circulation is all made of when water pollution to delay to be worse off, but this mode effect is undesirable.And if using additionization Medicament is learned to solve foul smell and pollution, though there is certain effect chemical agent mostly cannot be compatible with organism in water.And it takes It drains the physics administration way such as irrigation again and solves foul smell and pollution problem, at high cost, manpower and material resources investment is big and influences normally It uses.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of new cleansers for being exclusively used in aquaculture and river deodorization purification, this is net Agent not only good deodorization effect, and with organism in water good compatibility.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of the cleanser of aquaculture and river deodorization purification, this method simultaneously The cleanser mobility and stability that can be obtained are good, and have excellent deodorizing effect.
To realize aforementioned invention purpose, a kind of technical solution that the present invention uses is as follows: a kind of suitable for rubbish deodorization Cleanser, the cleanser are solidliquid mixture, and the pH of the solidliquid mixture is 9.5~10.5 and its component includes hydroxide Magnesium, organic acid, suspending agent, biological bacteria and water, the mass content of magnesium hydroxide is 10~80% in the cleanser, described outstanding The mass content of floating agent is 0.001~5%, and the biological bacteria is rich feeding degradation bacteria, and its mass content is 0.001~10%.
Preferably, in the cleanser, the mass content of magnesium hydroxide is lower than 65%.
Preferably, in the cleanser, the mass content of suspending agent is lower than 3%.It is highly preferred that being hanged in the cleanser The mass content of floating agent is lower than 2%.
Preferably, the mass content of the biological bacteria is lower than 3%.
One according to the present invention specific and preferred aspect, in the cleanser, the mass content of magnesium hydroxide is 20% ~60%, the mass content of suspending agent is 0.0013%~0.5%, and the mass content of biological bacteria is 0.001~1%.
According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the suspending agent is hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose.
According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the organic acid is the combination of glacial acetic acid, citric acid or both.
According to the present invention, the mass content of the organic acid is preferably 0.001%~0.5%, and especially preferably 0.04% ~0.125%.
According to the present invention, the biological bacteria is preferably included selected from ammonia nitrogen degradation bacterium, organophosphorus degrading bacteria, Phos degradation One or more combinations of strain.
Preferably, the cleanser is prepared by the following method: being made magnesia and water that hydration reaction occur and is generated hydrogen-oxygen Change magnesium, and when temperature is 95 DEG C or less, suspending agent and biological bacteria is then added, is uniformly mixed to get the cleanser.
It is further preferred that being the ratio of each raw material are as follows: magnesia 10- in terms of 100% by the gross mass of all raw materials 60%, organic acid 0.04-0.125%, suspending agent 0.0013-0.5%, biological bacteria 0.001-0.5% and other be water.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation methods of aforementioned cleanser, this method comprises: being hydrated magnesia with water Reaction generates magnesium hydroxide, and when temperature is 95 DEG C or less, suspending agent and biological bacteria is then added, is uniformly mixed to get institute State cleanser.
It is further preferred that being the ratio of each raw material are as follows: magnesia 10- in terms of 100% by the gross mass of all raw materials 60%, organic acid 0.04-0.125%, suspending agent 0.0013-0.5%, biological bacteria 0.001-0.5% and other be water.
Preferably, 95% or more solid particle is less than or equal to 30 microns in raw material.
Further, water is added in a kettle first, magnesia is added while stirring, when temperature is 65~95 DEG C When, organic acid is added, suspending agent is added in stirring later, stirs, biological bacteria is added later, is uniformly mixed, is purified agent.
The invention further relates to a kind of application of above-mentioned cleanser in aquaculture and river deodorization purification.
Further, in application, cleanser is uniformly sprayed on aquaculture and the river water surface.
Further, the rate of accumulated dose weekly of cleanser is 45-150mg/l, is specifically based on the setting of water body total amount.
Further, in application, being added directly into the water body for need deodorization such as present invention cleanser above-mentioned.
Due to the implementation of above technical scheme, the present invention has the advantage that compared with prior art
1. cleanser of the invention is put into aquaculture or river water body to be processed, pH value is able to maintain stabilization.By It is able to maintain pH stable in cleanser of the present invention, therefore reduces the discharge of hydrogen sulfide to the greatest extent, avoids the discharge of ammonia. And due to keeping pH stable, heavy metal activity increase is avoided, while preventing heavy metal pollution.
2, the good fluidity of cleanser of the invention can direct plunge into use, be not necessarily to extemporaneous preparation, easy to use.This The cleanser of invention magnesium hydroxide therein after putting into sewage can stably keep suspended state.
3, in cleanser of the invention, main component magnesium hydroxide be it is safe and harmless, not will cause compared with lime Chemical burn.Therefore cleanser of the present invention is highly-safe in production, transport and use, avoids safety accident and industrial injury thing Therefore.
Specific embodiment
Cleanser provided by the invention passes through the effect of organic acid, suspending agent using magnesium hydroxide as main component, makes net Agent obtains excellent mobility, storage stability and stability in use, so as to easily and safely obtain optimal deodorization Effect.Extra rich nutrient is digested by the feeding degrading microorganism bacterium of richness, prevents increasing for algae and suspended matter.
In the composition of cleanser, magnesium hydroxide, which is preferably reacted by magnesia with water progress hydrated in-situ, to be made, and preferably Hydration reaction is carried out in the presence of organic acid.
Magnesia aquation is carried out according to following reactional equation:
MgO(s)+H2O(l)→Mg(OH)2(s)
During the preparation process, organic acid is preferably added, organic acid can promote to react, in the reaction of magnesia and water, With the progress of reaction, viscosity be will increase, and organic acid, which is added, can reduce viscosity and reaction is promoted to continue.It is specific organic Acid be preferably 75-98% glacial acetic acid or citric acid other organic acids it is one or more.
The preferred preparation process of one of cleanser includes: that water 1) is added in a kettle, and oxygen is added while stirring Change magnesium, organic acid sufficiently is added when temperature is reduced to 65-95 DEG C after reaction, stirs (such as 30 minutes);2) it is added and suspends after Agent is stirred (such as 40 minutes);3) after, biological bacteria is added in using first 24 hours, final purification agent pH value is 9.5- 10.5。
In some specific and preferred embodiments, by weight percentage, the composition of raw materials of the cleanser includes oxidation Magnesium 10-60%, organic acid 0.04-0.125%, suspending agent 0.0013-0.5% and biological bacteria 0.001-0.5%, other are Water;
Further, the preferred magnesia purity ratio of the raw materials of magnesium oxide is greater than 90%, and silica is lower than 0.5%. It should be noted that in actual production, in raw materials of magnesium oxide, inevitably there is impurity, impurity includes calcium oxide, three Aoxidize one of two iron, aluminum oxide, silica or a variety of.
In cleanser, the effect of suspending agent is to guarantee that final purification agent does not settle in storage and after investment water body, is protected Hold suspended concentration.Suspending agent may, for example, be hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, and preferred viscosities specification is in 5,000-20,000CP It is one or more (to can refer to http://www.mizudahope.com/content.asp? id=167).
In cleanser, biological bacteria is preferably embodied as the one or more of the rich feeding degradation flora such as ammonia nitrogen, phosphorus.
Further, solid particle size in the cleanser raw material are as follows: 95% or more solid particle is less than 30 microns. If material solid particles are too big, reaction speed when will affect production;Furthermore finished product cleanser using when be that spray is passed through using water pump Mouth is launched, and feed particles are excessive, impurity, plug nozzle can be generated in finished product cleanser.
The cleanser of the embodiment of the present invention has the following characteristics that
1, cleanser is compatible with aquatic products being, puts into water quality to be processed, pH value is able to maintain stabilization.Water treatment procedure In can generally be interrupted dispensing, according to experiment survey, after dispensing after usual 30 minutes pH value by all-the-time stable in 8-9.
2, since cleanser is able to maintain pH stable, the discharge of hydrogen sulfide is reduced to the greatest extent.And due to PH stable is kept, avoids heavy metal activity increase, while preventing heavy metal pollution.
3, cleanser can precipitate suspended matter in water quality, and consume extra richness and form point.
4, cleanser can be such that base sludge more assembles, thus difficulty when reducing necessary cleaning.
4, in cleanser, main component magnesium hydroxide be it is safe and harmless, not will cause chemical burn compared with lime. Cause is highly-safe in production, transport and use, avoids safety accident and industrial accident.
5, cleanser of the invention composition is simple, and safety is completely harmless to water body, meanwhile, the preparation method letter of cleanser It is single, it is easy to accomplish, there is good industrial applications prospect.
Technical solution of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below, it is clear that described embodiment is this hair Bright a part of the embodiment, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not having Every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is made, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can be combined arbitrarily, to make description letter Clean, combination not all possible to each technical characteristic in above-described embodiment is all described, as long as however, these technologies are special Contradiction is not present in the combination of sign, all should be considered as described in this specification.In following example, cleanser concentration is hydrogen Magnesia weight and cleanser weight ratio.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cleanser for river water quality deodorization, by weight percentage, as follows using following raw material It is prepared: 1) water being added in a kettle, magnesia is added while stirring, the magnesia of every 100 parts of parts by weight adds water 200 parts, sufficiently after reaction when temperature is reduced to 70 DEG C, 2) 0.3 part of organic acid (75% glacial acetic acid) is added, it stirs 30 minutes;3) 2 parts of suspending agent (hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, viscosity specification are 15,000mPa.s) is added later, stirs 40 minutes;4) add after 1 part of bacterium (ammonia nitrogen degradation bacterium, organophosphorus degrading bacteria) raw in a subtle way is stirred 5 minutes;Final purification agent concentration is 56%, and pH value is 9.6.The detergent power of the cleanser of preparation is tested:
The cleanser of preparation is used in the small west river Qian Jing in the Baoshan District of Shanghai town Luo Dian, accumulated dose rate is based on water within one week Body total amount carries out surface with the different rates of 45-150mg/l daily and uniformly sprays, to water quality pH, turbidity, total phosphorus and coloration into Row monitoring.Before cleanser is launched, water pH value 7.61, turbidity 250, total phosphorus 0.81ppm, total nitrogen 3.14ppm and coloration Muddiness is presented between brown and green, after dispensing in 4 weeks water pH value be 8.01, turbidity 20, total phosphorus 0.15ppm, total nitrogen 0.7ppm and coloration are limpid.
Embodiment 2
A kind of cleanser for river water quality deodorization, by weight percentage, as follows using following raw material It is prepared: 1) water being added in a kettle, magnesia is added while stirring, the magnesia of every 100 parts of parts by weight adds water 250 parts, sufficiently after reaction when temperature is reduced to 70 DEG C, 2) 0.3 part of organic acid (75% glacial acetic acid) is added, it stirs 30 minutes;3) 2 parts of suspending agent (hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, viscosity specification are 15,000mPa.s) is added later, stirs 40 minutes;4) add after 1 part of bacterium (ammonia nitrogen degradation bacterium, organophosphorus degrading bacteria) raw in a subtle way is stirred 5 minutes, and final purification agent concentration is 48%, and pH value is 9.6。
The cleanser of preparation is used in the small west river Qian Jing in the Baoshan District of Shanghai town Luo Dian, accumulated dose rate is weekly with 45- The different rates of 65mg/l carry out surface daily and uniformly spray, and are monitored to water quality pH, turbidity, total phosphorus and coloration.Only Before agent is launched, water pH value 7.61, turbidity 500, total phosphorus 1.57ppm, total nitrogen 6.14ppm and coloration muddiness present green Color, after dispensing in 4 weeks water pH value be 8, turbidity 75, total phosphorus 0.3ppm, total nitrogen 1.1ppm and coloration light green color.
Embodiment 3
A kind of cleanser for river water quality deodorization, by weight percentage, as follows using following raw material It is prepared: 1) water being added in a kettle, magnesia is added while stirring, the magnesia of every 100 parts of parts by weight adds water 150 parts, sufficiently after reaction when temperature is reduced to 70 DEG C, 2) 0.3 part of organic acid (75% glacial acetic acid) is added, it stirs 30 minutes;3) 2 parts of suspending agent (hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, viscosity specification are 15,000mPa.s) is added later, stirs 40 minutes;4) add after 1 part of bacterium (ammonia nitrogen degradation bacterium, organophosphorus degrading bacteria) raw in a subtle way is stirred 5 minutes, and final purification agent concentration is 59%, and pH value is 9.9。
The cleanser of preparation is used in river, accumulated dose rate carries out table with the different rates of 45-65mg/l daily weekly Face is uniformly sprayed, and is monitored to water quality pH, turbidity, total phosphorus and coloration.Before cleanser is launched, water pH value 7.61, Turbidity is that slight muddiness, water pH value in 4 weeks after dispensing is presented in 125, total phosphorus 0.13ppm, total nitrogen 1.6ppm and coloration muddiness It is limpid for 8.2, turbidity 10, total phosphorus 0.06ppm, total nitrogen 0.5ppm and coloration.
Embodiment 4
A kind of cleanser for aquatic farm water quality deodorization, by weight percentage, using following raw material by such as Lower step is prepared: 1) water being added in a kettle, magnesia, the oxidation of every 100 parts of parts by weight are added while stirring Magnesium adds 150 parts of water, sufficiently after reaction when temperature is reduced to 70 DEG C, 2) and 0.3 part of organic acid (75% glacial acetic acid) is added, stir 30 points Clock;3) 2 parts of suspending agent (hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, viscosity specification are 15,000mPa.s) is added after, stirs 40 minutes;4) 1 part of micro- raw bacterium (ammonia nitrogen degradation bacterium, organophosphorus degrading bacteria) is added later, stirs 5 minutes, final purification agent concentration is 58%, pH Value is 9.9.
The cleanser of preparation is used in the bright aquatic farm of Weihai in Shandong province's moral, accumulated dose rate is weekly with 45-65mg/l's Different rates carry out surface daily and uniformly spray, and are monitored to water quality pH, turbidity, total phosphorus and coloration.Cleanser is launched Before, water pH value 6.9, shows a increasing trend at ammonia nitrogen 0.97ppm for nitrite 3~12 weeks, the 12nd week when reach 0.5ppm, It is slight muddy that suspended matter is that 87ppm and coloration muddiness are presented, after dispensing in 12 weeks water pH value be 8, ammonia nitrogen 0.4ppm, it is sub- 3~12 weeks level offs of nitrate, the 12nd week when are still that 0, suspended matter 29ppm and coloration are limpid.
Comparative example 1
This example provides a kind of cleanser for sewage deodorizing, prepares substantially with embodiment 1, the difference is that, it does not add Suspending agent and flocculant.More thick slurry form is presented in prepared fresh cleanser, and flow velocity is slow, and after placing 21 days There is obvious sediment phenomenon, thick slurry form is restored to after agitated.The cleanser poor fluidity, dispensing difficulty is too big, nothing Method uses.
Comparative example 2
This example provides a kind of cleanser for sewage deodorizing, prepares substantially with embodiment 1, the difference is that, it does not add Organic acid.Slurries form is presented in freshly prepared cleanser, and flow velocity is more normal, obvious sediment phenomenon occurs after placing 1 day, but Slurries form is restored to after agitated.There is obvious sediment phenomenon after placing 21 days, is difficult to stir in solid forms.The cleanser It uses before can only being precipitated after the completion of preparation, is not otherwise available.
The embodiments described above only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously It cannot therefore be construed as limiting the scope of the patent.It should be pointed out that coming for those of ordinary skill in the art It says, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to protection of the invention Range.Therefore, the scope of protection of the patent of the invention shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of cleanser for aquaculture and river deodorization, it is characterised in that: the cleanser is solidliquid mixture, institute The pH for stating solidliquid mixture is 9.5~10.5 and its component includes magnesium hydroxide, organic acid, suspending agent, biological bacteria and water, institute The mass content for stating magnesium hydroxide in cleanser is 10~70%, and the mass content of the suspending agent is 0.001~5%, described Biological bacteria is rich feeding degradation bacteria, and its mass content is 0.001~10%.
2. the cleanser according to claim 1 purified for aquaculture and river deodorization, it is characterised in that: described net In agent, the mass content of magnesium hydroxide is 20%~60%, and the mass content of suspending agent is 0.0013%~0.5%, biology The mass content of bacterium is 0.001~1%.
3. the cleanser according to claim 1 purified for aquaculture and river deodorization, it is characterised in that: described net In agent, the suspending agent is hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose;And/or the organic acid is glacial acetic acid, citric acid or both Combination;And/or the biological bacteria includes selected from one of ammonia nitrogen, phosphorus degradation flora or a variety of bacterium.
4. the cleanser according to claim 1 purified for aquaculture and river deodorization, it is characterised in that: described to have The mass content of machine acid is 0.001%~0.5%.
5. net to being purified described in any one of 4 claims for aquaculture and river deodorization according to claim 1 Agent, it is characterised in that: the cleanser is prepared by the following method: make magnesia and water that hydration reaction occur and generate hydrogen-oxygen Change magnesium, and when temperature is 95 DEG C or less, suspending agent and biological bacteria is then added, is uniformly mixed to get the cleanser.
6. the cleanser according to claim 5 purified for aquaculture and river deodorization, it is characterised in that: with whole The gross mass of the raw material is 100% meter, the ratio of each raw material are as follows: magnesia 10-60%, organic acid 0.04-0.125% hang Floating agent 0.0013-0.5%, biological bacteria 0.001-0.5% and other be water.
7. it is a kind of as described in any one of claim 1 to 6 claim for aquaculture and river deodorization purification The preparation method of cleanser, which is characterized in that the preparation method includes: to make magnesia and water that hydration reaction occur to generate hydrogen-oxygen Change magnesium, and when temperature is 95 DEG C or less, suspending agent and biological bacteria is then added, is uniformly mixed to get the cleanser.
8. preparation method according to claim 7, which is characterized in that prepare in the raw material of cleanser, 95% or more consolidates Body particle is less than or equal to 30 microns.
9. preparation method according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the method is implemented as follows: first in a kettle Water is added, magnesia is added while stirring, when temperature is 65~95 DEG C, organic acid is added, stirring is added suspends later Agent, stirring, is added biological bacteria later, is uniformly mixed to get the cleanser.
10. the cleanser as described in any one of claims 1 to 6 claim is in aquaculture and river deodorization purification Using.
CN201811070705.5A 2018-09-13 2018-09-13 Purifying agent suitable for aquaculture and river channel deodorization and preparation method and application thereof Active CN109133367B (en)

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