CN109132837A - The steel cable winding system of adjust automatically suspender balance - Google Patents

The steel cable winding system of adjust automatically suspender balance Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109132837A
CN109132837A CN201811084194.2A CN201811084194A CN109132837A CN 109132837 A CN109132837 A CN 109132837A CN 201811084194 A CN201811084194 A CN 201811084194A CN 109132837 A CN109132837 A CN 109132837A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
suspender
pulley blocks
wirerope
steel cable
cable winding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201811084194.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109132837B (en
Inventor
马强
田志文
张辉
李桐璧
霍利杰
高雪琴
彭汉军
刘李梅
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Taiyuan Heavy Industry Co Ltd
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Taiyuan Heavy Industry Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811084194.2A priority Critical patent/CN109132837B/en
Publication of CN109132837A publication Critical patent/CN109132837A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109132837B publication Critical patent/CN109132837B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/12Slings comprising chains, wires, ropes, or bands; Nets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/04Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of steel cable winding systems of adjust automatically suspender balance.The system includes two reels, four suspender pulley blocks, four top sheave groups, four balanced levers, four wirerope, four electric pushrods and a hanger beam, wherein: being wound with four wirerope on two reels altogether, after every wirerope is laid out from reel, last rope closing is to balanced lever one end after suspender pulley blocks and the winding of top sheave group, the other end of balanced lever connects an electric pushrod, and four suspender pulley blocks are separately mounted on four angles of hanger beam.The electrical component of the detection load-carrying water Pingdu such as draw wire encoder or laser range finder is wherein equipped in each suspender pulley blocks.The problem of being easy to happen inclination in raising, carrying, decentralization process system solves the problem load.

Description

The steel cable winding system of adjust automatically suspender balance
Technical field
The present invention relates to the wirerope of bridge, gantry crane technical field more particularly to a kind of adjust automatically suspender balance Winding system.
Background technique
Hoisting mechanism steel wire rope winding system mainly uses three kinds of structure sides in bridge crane and gantry crane at present Formula please refers to attached drawing 1, attached drawing 2 and attached drawing 3 respectively:
The steel cable winding system of attached drawing 1 is put down including a reel, a suspender pulley blocks, a top sheave group, one Weigh pulley and steel cable.After the wirerope laid out on reel is wound on suspender pulley blocks, top sheave group and equalizer pulley Further around rewinding cylinder;
The steel cable winding system of attached drawing 2 is put down including a reel, a suspender pulley blocks, a top sheave group, one Weigh lever and two wirerope.Two wirerope laid out on reel are last after suspender pulley blocks and the winding of top sheave group respectively Rope closing is distinguished to balanced lever both ends.
The steel cable winding system of attached drawing 3 is put down including two reels, two suspender pulley blocks, two top sheave groups, two Weigh lever, four wirerope and a hanger beam.Two wirerope laid out on each reel respectively in suspender pulley blocks and Rope closing is finally distinguished after the winding of top sheave group to balanced lever both ends, two suspender pulley blocks are separately mounted to the two of hanger beam End.
All only one suspender pulley blocks in the steel cable winding system of attached drawing 1 and attached drawing 2, are equivalent to wirerope-winding system Only one lifting point in system, load gravity center in horizontal X direction and Y-direction all it is difficult to ensure that be overlapped with suspender pulley blocks center, Load easily run-off the straight when carrying, and easily tumble when the biggish load of carrying area.
There are two suspender pulley blocks in the steel cable winding system of Fig. 3, it is equivalent in steel cable winding system that there are two rise Suspension centre and interval is larger, it is ensured that load gravity center is located in two suspender pulley blocks on horizontal X direction, partially improves load The stability of lotus in the handling process.Even if load gravity center is just between two suspender pulley blocks, load will not when carrying It tumbles, but two suspender pulley blocks is caused it is difficult to ensure that be overlapped with the center of two suspender pulley blocks due to load gravity center On wirerope stress it is not of uniform size, the deflection so as to cause the wirerope on two suspender pulley blocks is also inconsistent, together Sample will lead to load and slight inclination occur when carrying.
Run-off the straight will not shadow raising, carrying, decentralization process suitable for load for three of the above steel cable winding system Normal operation is rung, the operating condition of safety accident will not occur, is especially suitable for the uniform operating condition of load density.When load is non-uniform It waits, three of the above system will be easy to run-off the straight, and cause tackling system unstable, it is easy to accident occur.
Summary of the invention
To solve above-mentioned the technical problems existing in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of steel of adjust automatically suspender balance Cord winding system avoids the problem that bridge, gantry crane are easy to appear inclination during promoting uneven weight.
The invention discloses a kind of steel cable winding systems of adjust automatically suspender balance thus.The system includes two volumes Cylinder, four suspender pulley blocks, four top sheave groups, four balanced levers, four wirerope, four electric pushrods and a suspender Crossbeam, in which: be wound with two wirerope on each reel, stretched out from both direction, two wirerope wind suspender respectively Pulley blocks and top sheave group are connect with one end of the balanced lever of fixed position, in the other end of balanced lever, connect electronic push away Bar;Point-blank, four suspender pulley blocks are separately connected four angles of hanger beam, electric pushrod to the axis of two reels Connect control system.
Further, there are the electrical component of detection level degree, electrical component connection control system on four suspender pulley blocks System.
The steel cable winding system of adjust automatically suspender balance of the invention, can guarantee that bridge, gantry crane are being promoted When load non-uniform weight, not run-off the straight guarantees the stabilization of system.
Detailed description of the invention
Attached drawing described herein is used to provide to further understand the embodiment of the present invention, constitutes of the invention one Point, the illustrative embodiments of the present invention and their descriptions are used to explain the present invention, does not constitute improper limitations of the present invention.Attached In figure:
Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 are the schematic diagram of the steel cable winding system structure of current door, bridge crane;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the steel cable winding system structure of door of the invention, bridge crane;
Number explanation: 1- reel, 2- wirerope, 3- top sheave group, 4- suspender pulley blocks, 5- equalizer pulley, 6- balance bar Bar, 7- electric pushrod, 8- hanger beam, 9- crossbeam.
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the specific embodiment of the invention and Technical solution of the present invention is clearly and completely described in corresponding attached drawing.Obviously, described embodiment is only of the invention A part of the embodiment, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiment of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not doing Every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work out, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, the technical solution of embodiment that the present invention will be described in detail offer.
Technical solution in order to better explain the present invention is first illustrated the structure of the prior art:
Please refer to the steel cable winding system of attached drawing 1 comprising reel 1, wirerope 2, top sheave group 3, suspender pulley blocks 4 With equalizer pulley 5.The wirerope 2 laid out on reel 1 wound on suspender pulley blocks 4, top sheave group 3 and equalizer pulley 5 after again Around rewinding cylinder 1;
Please refer to the steel cable winding system of attached drawing 2 comprising reel 1, wirerope 2, top sheave group 3, suspender pulley blocks 4 and balanced lever 6.The wirerope 2 laid out on reel is finally received after suspender pulley blocks 4 and top sheave group 3 are wound respectively respectively It restricts to 6 both ends of balanced lever.
All only one suspender pulley blocks 4 in the steel cable winding system of attached drawing 1 and attached drawing 2, are equivalent to wirerope-winding Only one lifting point in system, load gravity center is in horizontal X direction and Y-direction all it is difficult to ensure that with 4 center of suspender pulley blocks weight It closes, load easily run-off the straight when carrying, and easily tumbles when the biggish load of carrying area.
Please refer to pay Fig. 3 steel cable winding system in, including reel 1, wirerope 2, top sheave group 3, suspender pulley blocks 4, balanced lever 6 and crossbeam 9.The wirerope 2 laid out on reel 1 is last after suspender pulley blocks 4 and top sheave group 3 are wound respectively Rope closing is separately mounted to the both ends of crossbeam 9 to 6 both ends of balanced lever, two suspender pulley blocks 4 respectively.
There are two suspender pulley blocks 4 in the steel cable winding system of Fig. 3, it is equivalent in steel cable winding system that there are two rise Suspension centre and interval is larger, it is ensured that load gravity center is located in two suspender pulley blocks 4 on horizontal X direction, partially improves The stability of load in the handling process.Even if load gravity center just between two suspender pulley blocks 4, load when carrying not It can tumble, but two suspender pulleys are caused it is difficult to ensure that be overlapped with the center of two suspender pulley blocks 4 due to load gravity center 2 stress of wirerope in group 4 is not of uniform size, and the deflection so as to cause the wirerope on two suspender pulley blocks 4 is also different It causes, also results in load and slight inclination occurs when carrying.
Please refer to attached drawing 4, i.e., the steel cable winding system of adjust automatically suspender balance of the invention.The system includes two 1, four, reel, 2, four, wirerope, 4, four, the suspender pulley blocks balanced lever of top sheave group 3, four, 6, four 7 and of electric pushrod One hanger beam 8, in which: be wound with two wirerope 2 on each reel 1, stretched out from both direction, two wirerope 2 Suspender pulley blocks 4 and top sheave group 3 are wound respectively, are connect with one end of the balanced lever 6 of fixed position, in balanced lever 6 The other end connects electric pushrod 7;Point-blank, four suspender pulley blocks 4 are separately connected suspender to the axis of two reels 1 Four angles of crossbeam 9, electric pushrod 7 connect control system.Wherein, be equipped on each suspender pulley blocks 4 draw wire encoder or The electrical component of the detection load-carrying water Pingdu such as laser range finder.
In addition to this, the electric pushrod 7 in the present invention can be substituted with other pushing meanss with the same function.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are compared with prior art, the present invention use four suspenders first in the present invention It pulley blocks and is distributed on four angles of hanger beam, to ensure that load gravity center in horizontal X direction and Y-direction all at four In the rectangle that suspender pulley blocks are constituted, it is ensured that load will not tumble in raising, carrying and decentralization;More core is this hair Four wirerope control four suspender pulley blocks on hanger beam, the balanced lever at every wirerope rope closing end respectively in bright The other side is equipped with electric pushrod.When electrical component detects the difference of height i.e. load-carrying water Pingdu of four suspender pulley blocks beyond perhaps When with range, control system will issue instruction, by control one or the telescopic moving of a few place's electric pushrods is corresponding to adjust The length of wirerope, to guarantee difference of height, that is, load levelness of four suspender pulley blocks in tolerance zone.
The steel cable winding system of adjust automatically suspender balance of the invention, can guarantee that bridge, gantry crane are being promoted When load non-uniform weight, not run-off the straight guarantees the stabilization of system.
Finally, it should be noted that the above examples are only used to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although Present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, those skilled in the art should understand that: it still may be used To modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features; And these are modified or replaceed, technical solution of various embodiments of the present invention that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution spirit and Range.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of steel cable winding system of adjust automatically suspender balance, including two reels, four suspender pulley blocks, on four Pulley blocks, four balanced levers, four wirerope, four electric pushrods and a hanger beam, it is characterised in that:
It is wound with two wirerope on each reel, is stretched out from both direction, two wirerope wind suspender pulley blocks respectively It with top sheave group, is connect with one end of the balanced lever of fixed position, in the other end of balanced lever, connects electric pushrod;
Point-blank, four suspender pulley blocks are separately connected four angles of hanger beam to the axis of two reels, electronic to push away Bar connects control system.
2. the steel cable winding system of adjust automatically suspender balance according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described four There is the electrical component of detection level degree on a suspender pulley blocks, electrical component connects control system.
CN201811084194.2A 2018-09-18 2018-09-18 Steel wire rope winding system capable of automatically adjusting balance of lifting appliance Active CN109132837B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811084194.2A CN109132837B (en) 2018-09-18 2018-09-18 Steel wire rope winding system capable of automatically adjusting balance of lifting appliance

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811084194.2A CN109132837B (en) 2018-09-18 2018-09-18 Steel wire rope winding system capable of automatically adjusting balance of lifting appliance

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CN109132837B CN109132837B (en) 2021-02-02

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4314460A1 (en) * 1993-05-03 1994-11-10 Eberswalde Kranbau Gmbh Arrangement for damping the pendulum motion of the load of a crane, in particular a container crane
CN201694747U (en) * 2010-06-21 2011-01-05 南昌铁路局南昌机械厂 Twelve-rope container anti-swing mechanism
CN202116176U (en) * 2011-02-28 2012-01-18 无锡华东重型机械股份有限公司 Three-deflection device of container spreader
CN203128088U (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-08-14 银川银重(集团)起重机有限公司 Steel wire rope winding system of four-point hoisting three-point balancing anti-swing hoisting mechanism
CN205500594U (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-08-24 三一海洋重工有限公司 Anti -sway device and hoist of hoist
CN207046706U (en) * 2017-06-23 2018-02-27 湖南中铁五新重工有限公司 Subtract and shake hoisting system and crane

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4314460A1 (en) * 1993-05-03 1994-11-10 Eberswalde Kranbau Gmbh Arrangement for damping the pendulum motion of the load of a crane, in particular a container crane
CN201694747U (en) * 2010-06-21 2011-01-05 南昌铁路局南昌机械厂 Twelve-rope container anti-swing mechanism
CN202116176U (en) * 2011-02-28 2012-01-18 无锡华东重型机械股份有限公司 Three-deflection device of container spreader
CN203128088U (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-08-14 银川银重(集团)起重机有限公司 Steel wire rope winding system of four-point hoisting three-point balancing anti-swing hoisting mechanism
CN205500594U (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-08-24 三一海洋重工有限公司 Anti -sway device and hoist of hoist
CN207046706U (en) * 2017-06-23 2018-02-27 湖南中铁五新重工有限公司 Subtract and shake hoisting system and crane

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