CN109128819B - Press mounting production line of automobile shock absorber - Google Patents

Press mounting production line of automobile shock absorber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109128819B
CN109128819B CN201811289779.8A CN201811289779A CN109128819B CN 109128819 B CN109128819 B CN 109128819B CN 201811289779 A CN201811289779 A CN 201811289779A CN 109128819 B CN109128819 B CN 109128819B
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China
Prior art keywords
station
support frame
frame
shock absorber
conveying
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CN201811289779.8A
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CN109128819A (en
Inventor
张义
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Jiangsu Maier Auto Parts Co ltd
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Jiangsu Maier Auto Parts Co ltd
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Priority to CN201811289779.8A priority Critical patent/CN109128819B/en
Publication of CN109128819A publication Critical patent/CN109128819A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed
    • B23P21/006Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed the conveying means comprising a rotating table
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C99/00Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Automatic Assembly (AREA)

Abstract

The application discloses a press-fitting production line of an automobile shock absorber, wherein a plurality of support frame placing blocks are respectively fixed on the edge of a station turntable, the support frame placing blocks are uniformly distributed on the station turntable, a support frame feeding station, an inner bushing feeding station, a cover plate feeding station, a spin riveting station, a height detection station, a torque detection station, a through hole detection station and a discharging station are sequentially arranged around the station turntable along the rotation direction of the station turntable, and when any one support frame placing block rotates to the support frame feeding station, the inner bushing feeding station, the cover plate feeding station, the spin riveting station, the height detection station, the torque detection station, the through hole detection station and the shock absorber discharging station are provided with corresponding support frame placing blocks. According to the structure, the press-fitting production line of the automobile shock absorber realizes full-automatic production of press-fitting of the shock absorber and improves production efficiency.

Description

Press mounting production line of automobile shock absorber
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of automatic press fitting of shock absorbers, in particular to a press fitting production line of automobile shock absorbers.
Background
In order to quickly attenuate the vibration of the frame and the vehicle body and improve the running smoothness and comfort of the vehicle, a shock absorber is generally arranged on an automobile suspension system, and a bidirectional cylinder shock absorber is widely adopted on the automobile. The two ends of the cylinder type shock absorber are respectively connected with the frame and the wheel axle, and the connection parts are also connected through the shock absorber so as to reduce the stress among the shock absorbers.
In the production process of the shock absorber, the most core technology is spin riveting of a shock absorber support frame, an inner bushing and a cover plate, special spin riveting devices are needed at present, and operators are needed to install the shock absorber support frame, the inner bushing and the cover plate in sequence before spin riveting, and then spin riveting can be carried out. The production efficiency of the existing spin riveting device is relatively high, and in order to match the production efficiency of the spin riveting device, a plurality of operators are required to be configured to preassemble the damper before spin riveting. The labor intensity of production operators is high, the shock absorber after spin riveting is required to be turnover to a plurality of detection devices for multiple detection, and then qualified products are sorted out, so that the production efficiency is further reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
The application aims at: the press-fitting production line for the automobile shock absorber overcomes the defects of the prior art, realizes full-automatic production of press-fitting of the shock absorber, and improves the production efficiency; the vibration damper can automatically detect the height, the torque and the through holes after being pressed, and the vibration damper does not need to be manually detected, so that the production efficiency is further improved; the qualified shock absorbers and the unqualified shock absorbers can be classified and discharged, so that operators do not need to sort when discharging and collecting, and the discharging and collecting efficiency is improved; the shock absorber support frame carries out feeding operation through the support frame placing plate to the support frame placing plate carries out circulating conveying at the conveyor of support frame, when having improved support frame feeding efficiency, has reduced equipment cost.
The technical scheme adopted by the application is as follows:
the utility model provides a pressure equipment production line of automobile shock absorber ware, includes the station carousel, the border of station carousel is fixed with a plurality of support frames respectively and places the piece, the top surface that the piece was placed to the support frame is fixed with the support frame positioning seat, the support frame is placed the piece evenly distributed in the station carousel, the support frame material loading station, inner liner material loading station, apron material loading station, rivet soon station, altitude detection station, moment of torsion detection station, through-hole detection station and ejection of compact station are equipped with in proper order along the direction of rotation of station carousel around the station carousel, when arbitrary support frame is placed the piece and is rotated to support frame material loading station, inner liner material loading station, apron material loading station, rivet soon station, altitude detection station, moment of torsion detection station and shock absorber ejection of compact station all have the support frame that corresponds and place the piece.
According to the further improved scheme, a support frame conveying device and a support frame clamping device are arranged on one side of the station turntable, corresponding to the position of the support frame feeding station, of the support frame clamping device, the support frame clamping device moves back and forth between the support frame conveying device and the support frame feeding station along a support frame feeding horizontal rod through a driving device M, and the support frame clamping device is movably connected with the support frame feeding horizontal rod up and down through a lifting piston A.
The application further improves the scheme that the supporting frame conveying device comprises a conveying frame A and a conveying frame B, wherein a plurality of horizontal conveying rollers are respectively arranged on the conveying frame A and the conveying frame B in parallel along the length direction of the conveying frame A and the conveying frame B, the horizontal conveying rollers of the conveying frame A are in transmission connection with a driving device A through a transmission device A, and the horizontal conveying rollers of the conveying frame B are in transmission connection with a driving device B through a transmission device B; the end of the conveying frame A is connected with the head end of the conveying frame B through the connecting frame A, the end of the conveying frame B is connected with the head end of the conveying frame A through the connecting frame B to form an annular conveying frame, a plurality of support frame placing plates are sequentially placed on the annular conveying frame, the support frame placing plates are conveyed along the directions of the conveying frame A, the connecting frame A, the conveying frame B and the connecting frame B, and a placing plate positioning device is arranged at the position, corresponding to a support frame feeding horizontal rod, on the conveying frame B.
According to a further improved scheme of the application, the connecting frames A and B are respectively provided with a transfer frame for transferring the support frame placing plates, the transfer frames reciprocate along the connecting frames A or B respectively through transfer frame pistons, the bottoms of the transfer frames are a plurality of parallel rods, one side vertical face facing the conveying frames A or B is open, the other vertical face is a baffle, and the transfer frame pistons are arranged at the bottoms of the connecting frames A or B.
According to the application, a plurality of rows of ball rows are arranged on the top surfaces of the connecting frame A and the connecting frame B, the ball rows correspond to the positions of horizontal conveying rollers of the connecting frame A and the connecting frame B, sliding rods parallel to the ball rows are respectively arranged between the top surfaces of the connecting frame A and the connecting frame B and between the two adjacent ball rows, two ends of each sliding rod extend to one side, far away from the connecting frame A or the connecting frame B, of each conveying frame A and B, parallel rods of the switching frame correspond to the positions right above the sliding rods, and sliding blocks matched with the sliding rods are fixed at the bottoms of the parallel rods.
According to a further improved scheme, the top surface of the support frame placing plate is provided with a plurality of support frame positioning seats, four corners of the support frame placing plate are respectively provided with a limiting notch, and the top surface of the support frame placing plate and the edges at two sides of the support frame placing plate are respectively provided with positioning bulges.
According to a further improved scheme, the placing plate positioning device comprises horizontal screw rods which are arranged on two sides of the conveying frame B and parallel to the conveying frame B, one end of each horizontal screw rod is in transmission connection with a screw rod motor, positioning clamps which synchronously move along the horizontal screw rods are arranged on the horizontal screw rods and are matched with the positioning protrusions, the positioning clamps are connected with the horizontal screw rods through positioning pistons, the positioning clamps are fixed at the end parts of positioning piston rods of the positioning pistons, and the positioning pistons are in transmission connection with the horizontal screw rods through nut pairs.
The application further improves the scheme that the conveying frame A is positioned on the conveying frame A: the position between two adjacent horizontal conveying rollers in the middle of the connecting frame A, the position between the previous horizontal conveying roller of the connecting frame A and the connecting frame A, and the conveying frame B are positioned on: and a limiting rod matched with the limiting notch of the support frame placing plate is respectively arranged at the position between two adjacent horizontal conveying rollers corresponding to the position of the support frame feeding horizontal rod on the conveying frame B and the position between the previous horizontal conveying roller of the connecting frame B and the connecting frame B.
According to the application, the limiting rod is movably connected with the conveying frame A or the conveying frame B up and down through the limiting piston, the limiting rod is fixed at the end part of the limiting piston rod of the limiting piston, when the limiting piston rod extends out of the limiting piston, the top height of the limiting rod is higher than that of the horizontal conveying roller, and when the limiting piston rod returns back to the fiber piston, the top height of the limiting rod is lower than that of the horizontal conveying roller.
According to the application, a chip removing device is arranged above the conveying frame B and positioned between the supporting frame feeding horizontal rod and the connecting frame B, the bottom of the chip removing device is higher than the highest place on the top surface of the supporting frame placing plate moving on the conveying frame B, an air outlet of the chip removing device is downward and inclined to one side of the opposite direction of the conveying frame B, and the air outlet range of the chip removing device is larger than the width of the conveying frame B.
According to a further improved scheme, one side of the station turntable, corresponding to the position of the inner bushing feeding station, is provided with an inner bushing conveying device and an inner bushing clamping device, and the inner bushing clamping device clamps the inner bushing conveyed by the inner bushing conveying device onto a damper supporting frame on the inner bushing feeding station.
According to a further improved scheme, one side of the station turntable, corresponding to the position of the cover plate feeding station, is provided with a cover plate conveying device and a cover plate clamping device, and the cover plate clamping device conveys the cover plate conveying device to a shock absorber supporting frame which is clamped on the cover plate feeding station and is provided with an inner bushing.
According to the application, a spin riveting device and a damper clamping device are arranged on one side of the station turntable, corresponding to the spin riveting position, of the station turntable, the damper clamping device clamps a damper support frame which is positioned on a spin riveting station and is sequentially provided with an inner bushing and a cover plate to the spin riveting device for spin riveting, and clamps the damper support frame which is positioned on the spin riveting device and is subjected to spin riveting to the spin riveting station.
The shock absorber clamping device comprises two clamps, wherein the clamps are respectively fixed at two ends of a shock absorber clamping cross rod, the middle part of the shock absorber clamping cross rod is fixed with a vertical rotating shaft, the vertical rotating shaft provides driving force through a clamping motor, and the clamping motor is movably connected with a base frame of the shock absorber clamping device up and down through a lifting piston B; and when one clamp is positioned at the spin riveting station, the other clamp is positioned at the position of the spin riveting device.
According to a further improvement scheme, a pre-pressing device is arranged on the base plate of the station turntable at a position corresponding to the spin riveting station.
According to a further improvement scheme, the position turntable is correspondingly provided with a height detection device, a torque detection device and a through hole detection device respectively corresponding to one side of the position of the height detection station, one side of the position of the torque detection station and one side of the position of the through hole detection station.
According to a further improved scheme, one side of the station turntable, corresponding to the position of the discharging station, is provided with a damper discharging device, the damper discharging device comprises a damper discharging clamp, the damper discharging clamp moves along a damper discharging horizontal rod through a driving device C, and the damper discharging clamp clamps the damper on the discharging station to a discharging collecting device.
According to a further improvement scheme, a waste collection device is arranged below the discharging horizontal rod and between the discharging station and the discharging collection device, and the waste collection device is arranged below the range of the movement track of the damper discharging clamp.
According to a further improvement scheme, a production line control screen is arranged above the discharging and collecting device.
According to a further improvement scheme, a pre-detection station is further arranged between the supporting frame feeding station and the inner bushing feeding station of the station turntable, and a pre-detection device is arranged on one side of the station turntable, corresponding to the position of the pre-detection station.
According to a further improved scheme, a plurality of limit sensors are arranged on the base plate of the station turntable, and when any one support frame placing block rotates to a support frame feeding station, each limit sensor corresponds to the support frame placing block.
The application has the beneficial effects that:
the press-fitting production line of the automobile shock absorber realizes full-automatic production of press-fitting of the shock absorber and improves production efficiency.
Secondly, according to the press-mounting production line of the automobile shock absorber, the height, the torque and the through holes can be automatically detected after the shock absorber is pressed, the detection is not needed manually, and the production efficiency is further improved.
Thirdly, according to the press-mounting production line of the automobile shock absorber, the qualified shock absorber and the unqualified shock absorber can be subjected to classified discharging, so that operators do not need to sort again when discharging and collecting, and the discharging and collecting efficiency is improved.
Fourth, according to the press-fitting production line of the automobile shock absorber, the shock absorber support frame is used for carrying out feeding operation through the support frame placing plate, and the support frame placing plate is circularly conveyed by the conveying device of the support frame, so that the feeding efficiency of the support frame is improved, and meanwhile, the equipment cost is reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic top view of the present application.
Detailed Description
As can be seen from fig. 1, the application comprises a station turntable 6, a plurality of support frame placing blocks 7 are respectively fixed at the edges of the station turntable 6, support frame positioning seats 36 are fixed on the top surfaces of the support frame placing blocks 7, the support frame placing blocks 7 are uniformly distributed on the station turntable 6, and corresponding support frame placing blocks 7 are sequentially arranged around the station turntable 6 along the rotation direction of the station turntable 6, and are respectively provided with a cover plate feeding station, an inner bushing feeding station, a cover plate feeding station, a spin riveting station, a height detection station, a torque detection station, a through hole detection station and a discharging station.
One side of station carousel 6 corresponding to support frame material loading station position department is equipped with support frame conveyor and support frame and presss from both sides and get device 8, the support frame presss from both sides and gets device 8 through drive arrangement M between support frame conveyor and support frame material loading station, along support frame material loading horizontal pole 9 reciprocating motion, the support frame presss from both sides and gets device 8 through lifting piston A and support frame material loading horizontal pole 9 upper and lower swing joint.
The support frame conveying device comprises a conveying frame A1 and a conveying frame B2, wherein a plurality of horizontal conveying rollers 27 are respectively arranged on the conveying frame A1 and the conveying frame B2 in parallel along the length direction of the conveying frame A1 and the conveying frame B2, the horizontal conveying rollers 27 of the conveying frame A1 are in transmission connection with a driving device A through a transmission device A, and the horizontal conveying rollers 27 of the conveying frame B2 are in transmission connection with a driving device B through a transmission device B; the end of carriage A1 is connected with the head end of carriage B2 through link A3 the end of carriage B2 is connected with the head end of carriage A1 through link B4, forms annular carriage, a plurality of support frames have been placed on the annular carriage in proper order and have been placed board 5, support frames place board 5 and convey along the direction of carriage A1, link A3, carriage B2 and link B4, the position department that corresponds to support frame material loading horizon bar 9 on the carriage B2 is equipped with places board positioner.
The connecting frame A3 and the connecting frame B4 are respectively provided with a transfer frame 30 for transferring the support frame placing plate 5, the transfer frame 30 respectively reciprocates along the connecting frame A3 or the conveying frame B2 through transfer frame pistons, the bottom of the transfer frame 30 is provided with a plurality of parallel rods, one side elevation facing the conveying frame A1 or the conveying frame B2 is provided with an opening, the other elevation is provided with a baffle, and the transfer frame pistons are arranged at the bottom of the connecting frame A3 or the connecting frame B4.
The top surfaces of the connecting frame A3 and the connecting frame B4 are provided with a plurality of rows of ball rows 28, the ball rows 28 correspond to the positions of the horizontal conveying rollers 27 of the connecting frame A3 and the connecting frame B4, sliding rods 29 parallel to the ball rows 28 are respectively arranged between the top surfaces of the connecting frame A3 and the connecting frame B4 and between the adjacent two ball rows 28, two ends of each sliding rod 29 extend to one side, far away from the connecting frame A3 or the connecting frame B4, of each conveying frame A1 and B2, parallel rods of the transfer frame 30 correspond to the positions right above the sliding rods 29, and sliding blocks matched with the sliding rods 29 are fixed at the bottoms of the parallel rods.
The top surface of board 5 is placed to the support frame is equipped with a plurality of support frame positioning seat 36, the four corners department that board 5 was placed to the support frame is equipped with spacing breach respectively, the top surface that board 5 was placed to the support frame, be located both sides border and do not be equipped with location arch 35 respectively.
The positioning device for the placing plate comprises horizontal screw rods 32 arranged on two sides of a conveying frame B2 and arranged in parallel with the conveying frame B2, one end of each horizontal screw rod 32 is in transmission connection with a screw rod motor 34, a positioning clamp 31 which moves synchronously along the horizontal screw rods 32 is arranged on each horizontal screw rod 32, the positioning clamp 31 is matched with a positioning protrusion 35, the positioning clamp 31 is connected with the horizontal screw rods 32 through a positioning piston 33, the positioning clamp 31 is fixed at the end part of a positioning piston rod of the positioning piston 33, and the positioning piston 33 is in transmission connection with the horizontal screw rods 32 through a nut pair.
The conveying frame A1 is positioned on: the position between two adjacent horizontal conveying rollers 27 in the middle of the connecting frame A3, the position between the previous horizontal conveying roller 27 of the connecting frame A3 and the connecting frame A3, and the position on the conveying frame B2 are: and a limiting rod 37 matched with the limiting notch of the support frame placing plate 5 is respectively arranged at the position between two adjacent horizontal conveying rollers 27 corresponding to the position of the support frame feeding horizontal rod 9 on the conveying frame B2 and the position between the previous horizontal conveying roller 27 of the connecting frame B4 and the connecting frame B4.
The limiting rod 37 is movably connected with the conveying frame A1 or the conveying frame B2 up and down through a limiting piston, the limiting rod 37 is fixed at the end part of a limiting piston rod of the limiting piston, when the limiting piston rod extends out of the limiting piston, the top height of the limiting rod 37 is higher than that of the horizontal conveying roller 27, and when the limiting piston rod returns back to the fiber piston, the top height of the limiting rod 37 is lower than that of the horizontal conveying roller 27.
The chip removing device 38 is arranged above the conveying frame B2 and positioned between the support frame feeding horizontal rod 9 and the connecting frame B4, the bottom of the chip removing device 38 is higher than the highest position of the top surface of the support frame placing plate 5 moving on the conveying frame B2, the air outlet of the chip removing device 38 is downward and inclined to one side of the conveying direction of the conveying frame B2, and the air outlet range of the chip removing device 38 is larger than the width of the conveying frame B2.
The station turntable 6 is provided with an inner liner conveying device 10 and an inner liner clamping device 12 on one side corresponding to the position of the inner liner feeding station, and the inner liner clamping device 12 clamps the inner liner conveyed by the inner liner conveying device 10 onto a damper supporting frame 39 on the inner liner feeding station.
The station carousel 6 is equipped with apron conveyor 11 and apron clamp and gets device 13 corresponding to apron material loading station position department one side, apron clamp gets device 13 and carries apron conveyor 11 to the apron clamp get to the apron on the bumper shock absorber support frame 39 of apron material loading station, having placed the inner liner.
The station turntable 6 is provided with a spin riveting device 14 and a damper clamping device 15 corresponding to one side of the spin riveting position, the damper clamping device 15 clamps a damper support 39 which is positioned on the spin riveting position and is sequentially provided with an inner bushing and a cover plate to the spin riveting device 14 for spin riveting, and clamps the damper support 39 which is positioned on the spin riveting device 14 and is subjected to spin riveting to the spin riveting position.
The shock absorber clamping device 15 comprises two clamps, the clamps are respectively fixed at two ends of a shock absorber clamping cross rod, the middle part of the shock absorber clamping cross rod is fixed with a vertical rotating shaft, the vertical rotating shaft provides driving force through a clamping motor, and the clamping motor is movably connected with a base frame of the shock absorber clamping device 15 up and down through a lifting piston B; and one of the clamps is located at the location of the riveting device 14 when the other clamp is located at the riveting station.
The base plate of the station turntable 6 is provided with a prepressing device 16 at a position corresponding to the spin riveting station.
The position turntable 6 is correspondingly provided with a height detection device 17, a torque detection device 18 and a through hole detection device 19 corresponding to one side of the position of the height detection station, one side of the position of the torque detection station and one side of the position of the through hole detection station respectively.
The station carousel 6 is equipped with bumper shock absorber discharging device corresponding to ejection of compact station position department one side, bumper shock absorber discharging device includes bumper shock absorber discharge clamp 20, bumper shock absorber discharge clamp 20 is through drive arrangement C along bumper shock absorber ejection of compact horizontal rod 21 activity, bumper shock absorber discharge clamp 20 presss from both sides the bumper shock absorber clamp on the ejection of compact station to ejection of compact collection device 23.
A waste collection device 22 is arranged below the discharging horizontal rod 21 and between the discharging station and the discharging collection device 23, and the waste collection device 22 is arranged below the shock absorber discharging clamp 20 within the range of motion track.
A production line control screen 26 is arranged above the discharging and collecting device 23.
A pre-checking station is further arranged between the supporting frame feeding station and the inner bushing feeding station of the station rotary table 6, and a pre-checking device 24 is arranged on one side of the station rotary table 6 corresponding to the position of the pre-checking station.
A plurality of limit sensors 25 are arranged on the base plate of the station turntable 6, and when any one support frame placing block 7 rotates to a support frame feeding station, each limit sensor 25 corresponds to the support frame placing block 7.
When the vibration damper is used, the empty support frame placing plate 5 moves along the conveying frame A1 under the action of the horizontal conveying roller 27, and when the empty support frame placing plate 5 moves to the position of the limiting rod 37 arranged in the middle of the conveying frame A1 and is limited by the limiting rod 37, a vibration damper support frame feeding operator respectively places the vibration damper support frames 39 at the positions of the support frame positioning seats 36; then, all the limit rods 37 are lowered, the support frame placing plate 5 with the shock absorber support frame 39 placed is moved forward along the conveying frame A1, and after the support frame placing plate 5 with the shock absorber support frame 39 placed is separated from the limit rods 37 positioned in the middle of the conveying frame A1, all the limit rods 37 are lifted; when the support frame placement plate 5 with the shock absorber support frame 39 placed thereon is moved to the position of the connection frame A3, the support frame placement plate 5 with the shock absorber support frame 39 placed thereon is caught by the stopper rod 37 located in front of the connection frame A3; when the transfer frame 30 moves to the corresponding position of the support frame placing plate 5 with the shock absorber support frame 39, all the limiting rods 37 descend, then the support frame placing plate 5 with the shock absorber support frame 39 continues to move into the transfer frame 30 along the conveying frame A1 under the action of the horizontal conveying roller 27, and when the support frame placing plate 5 with the shock absorber support frame 39 leaves the limiting rods 37 at the position of the transfer frame A3, all the limiting rods 37 ascend; transferring the support frame placement plate 5 with the shock absorber support frame 39 to the conveying frame B2 under the action of the transfer frame 30; as and along the horizontal transfer roller 27 of the carriage B2; and is blocked by a limiting rod 37 corresponding to the position of the supporting frame feeding horizontal rod 9; the positioning clamp 31 is positioned at one end of the horizontal screw rod 32 far away from the support frame feeding horizontal rod 9, the position of the positioning clamp 31 corresponds to the positioning protrusion 35 of the support frame placing plate 5 at the position, the positioning clamp 31 clamps the positioning protrusion 35, and the support frame clamping device 8 positioned at one end of the conveying frame B2 corresponds to the support frame placing plate 5 at the position just right to the damper support frame 39 close to the support frame feeding horizontal rod 9 in a row; the supporting frame clamping device 8 sequentially clamps the corresponding rows of shock absorber supporting frames 39 onto the supporting frame placing blocks 7 of the supporting frame feeding station; when all the damper supporting frames 39 of the first row are clamped on the supporting frame placing block 7 of the damper feeding station, all the limiting rods 37 are lowered, and the positioning clamps 31 are driven by the screw motor 34 to move forwards until the next row of damper supporting frames 39 on the supporting frame placing plate 5 corresponds to the supporting frame clamping device 8; until all the shock absorber support frames 39 on the support frame placing plate 5 are clamped on the support frame placing blocks 7 corresponding to the support frame feeding stations, at the moment, the positioning clamps 31 are separated from the positioning protrusions 35 and return to the initial positions under the driving of the screw motor 34; meanwhile, the support frame placing plate 5 clamped with the damper support frame 39 continues to be conveyed forwards under the action of the horizontal conveying roller 27 of the conveying frame B2, and after the support frame placing plate 5 clamped with the damper support frame 39 leaves the limit rods 37 positioned on the support frame feeding horizontal rod 9, all the limit rods 37 are lifted; when the support frame placing plate 5 of the clamped damper support frame 39 passes through the chip removing device 38, the chip removing device 38 removes chips from the support frame placing plate 5; when the support frame placing plate 5 of the clamped shock absorber support frame 39 moves to the position of the connecting frame B4, the support frame placing plate 5 of the clamped shock absorber support frame 39 is blocked by the limiting rod 37 positioned in front of the connecting frame B4; when the transfer frame 30 moves to the position corresponding to the support frame placement plate 5 of the clamped damper support frame 39, all the limit rods 37 descend, then the support frame placement plate 5 of the clamped damper support frame 39 continues to move into the transfer frame 30 along the conveying frame B2 under the action of the horizontal conveying roller 27, and after the support frame placement plate 5 of the clamped damper support frame 39 leaves the limit rods 37 at the position of the transfer frame B4, all the limit rods 37 ascend; the support frame placing plate 5 clamped with the damper support frame 39 is transferred to the conveying frame A1 under the action of the transfer frame 30; thereby realizing the recycling of the support frame placing plate 5.
After the shock absorber support frame 39 is clamped to the support frame feeding station, the station turntable 6 rotates forwards by a certain angle through each limit sensor 25, when the support frame placing block 7 provided with the shock absorber support frame 39 rotates to the pre-detection station, the pre-detection device 24 detects that the shock absorber support frame 39 is arranged on the support frame placing block 7 positioned at the station, when the support frame placing block 7 provided with the shock absorber support frame 39 rotates to the subsequent maintenance, the subsequent station can be operated, otherwise, when the pre-detection device 24 detects that the support frame placing block 7 positioned at the station does not have the shock absorber support frame 39, and when the support frame placing block 7 passes through other stations, the related devices corresponding to the stations do not operate.
After the detection of the pre-detection device 24 and the detection that the support frame placing block 7 is the support frame placing block 7 with the shock absorber support frame 39, the support frame placing block 7 continues to rotate forwards to the position of the inner lining feeding station under the action of the station turntable 6, and at the moment, the inner lining clamping device 12 clamps the inner lining conveyed by the inner lining conveying device 10 onto the shock absorber support frame 39 on the inner lining feeding station; after the inner bushing is placed on the damper support 39 on the support placing block 7, the damper support 39 continues to rotate forward to the position of the cover plate feeding station under the action of the station turntable 6, and at this time, the cover plate clamping device 13 conveys the cover plate conveying device 11 to the damper support 39 on the cover plate feeding station, on which the inner bushing is placed.
Since the inner liner conveyor 10 and the cover plate conveyor 11 are adjacent to each other, an operator may be additionally provided at this position for feeding the inner liner conveyor 10 and the cover plate conveyor 11.
When the cover plate is placed on the shock absorber support frame 39 on the support frame placing block 7, the shock absorber support frame 39 is continuously rotated forwards to the spin riveting position under the action of the station turntable 6, and at the moment, the pre-pressing device 16 pre-presses the shock absorber support frame 39 with the inner bushing and the cover plate placed in sequence; then, clamping the pre-pressed shock absorber by a clamp right facing the spin riveting station in the shock absorber clamping device 15, and rotating the clamp clamping the pre-pressed shock absorber to the position of the spin riveting device 14 through a clamping motor for spin riveting; in the spin riveting process, the next damper support frame 39 with the inner bushing and the cover plate placed in sequence rotates to the spin riveting working position again under the action of the working position turntable 6, and after the prepressing device 16 prepresses the damper support frame, the other clamp of the damper clamping device 15 clamps the damper support frame; after the previous shock absorber entering the spin riveting device 14 for spin riveting is completed, under the action of a clamping motor, the positions of the two clamps are exchanged, so that the shock absorber after spin riveting is positioned on the support frame placing block 7 of the spin riveting station again, and meanwhile, the shock absorber after pre-pressing is positioned on the spin riveting device 14 for spin riveting; the shock absorber which is positioned at the spin riveting station again and completes spin riveting continues to rotate forwards to the height detection station under the action of the station turntable 6.
The height detection device 17 arranged at the height detection station is used for detecting the height of the shock absorber which is screwed and riveted. When the shock absorber on the supporting frame placing block 7 positioned at the height detection station is unqualified through the detection of the height detection device 17, and the supporting frame placing block 7 passes through the torque detection station and the through hole detection station, the related device of the corresponding station does not work; when the shock absorber on the supporting frame placing block 7 positioned at the height detection station is qualified through the detection of the height detection device 17, the shock absorber which completes the height detection continuously rotates forwards to the torque detection station under the action of the station turntable 6.
The damper for which the height detection is completed is subjected to the detection of the torque by a torque detection device 18 provided at the torque detection station. When the vibration damper on the support frame placing block 7 positioned at the torque detection station is unqualified through the detection of the torque detection device 18, and the support frame placing block passes through the through hole detection station, the related device of the corresponding station does not work; when the vibration damper on the supporting frame placing block 7 positioned at the torque detection station is qualified through the detection of the torque detection device 18, the vibration damper which completes the torque detection continues to rotate forwards to the through hole detection station under the action of the station turntable 6.
The damper which completes the torque detection is subjected to the detection of the through hole by the through hole detection device 19 provided at the through hole detection station. The shock absorber with the height detection is continuously rotated forwards to a shock absorber discharging station under the action of the station turntable 6.
The starting position of the damper discharging clamp 20 is positioned at one end of the damper discharging horizontal rod 21 corresponding to the damper discharging station, when any one of the damper positioned at the damper discharging station is detected as failed in the detection of the height detection device 17, the torque detection device 18 or the through hole detection device 19, the damper discharging clamp 20 clamps the damper to the position of the waste collection device 22, and loosens the damper at the position of the waste collection device 22 so that the damper falls into the waste collection device 22; when the dampers at the damper discharge stations are detected to be qualified in the detection of the height detection device 17, the torque detection device 18 and the through hole detection device 19, the damper discharge clamps 20 clamp the dampers to the discharge collection device 23 and collect the discharged materials.
The discharge collection process at the discharge collection device 23 requires at least one operator to perform the operation.

Claims (7)

1. Press mounting production line of automobile shock absorber ware, its characterized in that: the automatic riveting device comprises a station turntable (6), wherein a plurality of support frame placing blocks (7) are respectively fixed on the edges of the station turntable (6), support frame positioning seats (36) are fixed on the top surfaces of the support frame placing blocks (7), the support frame placing blocks (7) are uniformly distributed on the station turntable (6), support frame feeding stations, inner bushing feeding stations, cover plate feeding stations, spin riveting stations, height detection stations, torque detection stations, through hole detection stations and discharging stations are sequentially arranged around the station turntable (6) along the rotating direction of the station turntable (6), and when any one support frame placing block (7) rotates to the support frame feeding station, the corresponding support frame placing blocks (7) are arranged on the inner bushing feeding stations, the cover plate feeding stations, the spin riveting stations, the height detection stations, the torque detection stations, the through hole detection stations and the shock absorber discharging stations;
one side of the station turntable (6) corresponding to the position of the support frame feeding station is provided with a support frame conveying device and a support frame clamping device (8), the support frame clamping device (8) moves back and forth between the support frame conveying device and the support frame feeding station along a support frame feeding horizontal rod (9) through a driving device M, and the support frame clamping device (8) is movably connected with the support frame feeding horizontal rod (9) up and down through a lifting piston A;
the support frame conveying device comprises a conveying frame A (1) and a conveying frame B (2), wherein a plurality of horizontal conveying rollers (27) are respectively arranged on the conveying frame A (1) and the conveying frame B (2) in parallel along the length direction of the conveying frame A (1) and the conveying frame B (2), the horizontal conveying rollers (27) of the conveying frame A (1) are in transmission connection with a driving device A through a transmission device A, and the horizontal conveying rollers (27) of the conveying frame B (2) are in transmission connection with the driving device B through a transmission device B; the tail end of the conveying frame A (1) is connected with the head end of the conveying frame B (2) through the connecting frame A (3), the tail end of the conveying frame B (2) is connected with the head end of the conveying frame A (1) through the connecting frame B (4) to form an annular conveying frame, a plurality of supporting frame placing plates (5) are sequentially placed on the annular conveying frame, the supporting frame placing plates (5) are conveyed along the directions of the conveying frame A (1), the connecting frame A (3), the conveying frame B (2) and the connecting frame B (4), and a placing plate positioning device is arranged at the position, corresponding to a supporting frame feeding horizontal rod (9), on the conveying frame B (2);
the station turntable (6) is provided with an inner bushing conveying device (10) and an inner bushing clamping device (12) corresponding to one side of the position of the inner bushing feeding station, and the inner bushing clamping device (12) clamps the inner bushing conveyed by the inner bushing conveying device (10) onto a damper supporting frame (39) on the inner bushing feeding station.
2. The press-fitting line of an automobile shock absorber as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the connecting rack is characterized in that a transfer rack (30) for transferring the support rack placing plates (5) is arranged on the connecting rack A (3) and the connecting rack B (4) respectively, the transfer rack (30) moves back and forth along the connecting rack A (3) or the conveying rack B (2) respectively through transfer rack pistons, the bottom of the transfer rack (30) is provided with a plurality of parallel rods, one side elevation of the transfer rack A (1) or the conveying rack B (2) is open, the other elevation is provided with a baffle, and the transfer rack pistons are arranged at the bottom of the connecting rack A (3) or the connecting rack B (4).
3. The press-fitting line of an automobile shock absorber as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the cover plate clamping device (13) is used for conveying the cover plate conveying device (11) to a shock absorber supporting frame (39) which is used for clamping the cover plate to the cover plate feeding station and is provided with an inner bushing.
4. The press-fitting line of an automobile shock absorber as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the station turntable (6) is provided with a spin riveting device (14) and a shock absorber clamping device (15) corresponding to one side of the spin riveting position, the shock absorber clamping device (15) clamps a shock absorber support frame (39) which is positioned on the spin riveting position and sequentially provided with an inner bushing and a cover plate to the spin riveting device (14) for spin riveting, and clamps the shock absorber support frame (39) which is positioned on the spin riveting device (14) and used for spin riveting to the spin riveting position.
5. The press-fit line for automobile shock absorbers as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the shock absorber clamping device (15) comprises two clamps, the clamps are respectively fixed at two ends of a shock absorber clamping cross rod, the middle part of the shock absorber clamping cross rod is fixed with a vertical rotating shaft, the vertical rotating shaft provides driving force through a clamping motor, and the clamping motor is movably connected with a base frame of the shock absorber clamping device (15) up and down through a lifting piston B; and when one of the clamps is located at the riveting station, the other clamp is located at the position of the riveting device (14).
6. The press-fitting line of an automobile shock absorber as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the station turntable (6) is correspondingly provided with a height detection device (17), a torque detection device (18) and a through hole detection device (19) corresponding to one side of the position of the height detection station, one side of the position of the torque detection station and one side of the position of the through hole detection station respectively.
7. The press-fitting line of an automobile shock absorber as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the utility model discloses a shock absorber discharging device is equipped with in station carousel (6) corresponding to ejection of compact station position department one side, shock absorber discharging device includes shock absorber play magazine (20), shock absorber play magazine (20) are through drive arrangement C along shock absorber ejection of compact horizontal rod (21) activity, shock absorber play magazine (20) are pressed from both sides shock absorber clamp on the ejection of compact station and are got to ejection of compact collection device (23).
CN201811289779.8A 2018-10-31 2018-10-31 Press mounting production line of automobile shock absorber Active CN109128819B (en)

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KR101649508B1 (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-08-19 송준석 Automatic assembly device and assembling method using the same
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