CN109123693A - Method is cleaned in a kind of shelling of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise - Google Patents

Method is cleaned in a kind of shelling of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109123693A
CN109123693A CN201811184530.0A CN201811184530A CN109123693A CN 109123693 A CN109123693 A CN 109123693A CN 201811184530 A CN201811184530 A CN 201811184530A CN 109123693 A CN109123693 A CN 109123693A
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China
Prior art keywords
big
small
shell
tea seed
shaft
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Granted
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CN201811184530.0A
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CN109123693B (en
Inventor
汤晶宇
徐克生
王德柱
樊涛
曲振兴
王东
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HARBIN RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FORESTRY MACHINERY OF STATE FORESTRY ADMINISTRATION
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HARBIN RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FORESTRY MACHINERY OF STATE FORESTRY ADMINISTRATION
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Priority to CN201811184530.0A priority Critical patent/CN109123693B/en
Publication of CN109123693A publication Critical patent/CN109123693A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching

Abstract

Method is cleaned in a kind of shelling of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise, it is related to a kind of woody oil-bearing fruit hulling technology of economic forest, to solve the problems, such as that oil tea fresh fruit shell and tea seed are difficult to efficiently separate and clean, the present invention the following steps are included: one, the camellia oleifera fruit of picking is classified, according to different volumes by camellia oleifera fruit sorting for multistage;Two, it shells respectively to the camellia oleifera fruit of every level-one, then the camellia oleifera fruit shells and tea seed at different levels after shelling is mixed and to form mixture;Three, sieving and grading is carried out to mixed shell and tea seed, is divided into level Four from small to large by the maximum outside diameter size of mixture: residual small disintegrating slag, small shell and small tea seed, big shell and big tea seed, especially big shell;Four, to the big shell and big tea seed mixture for beening separated in level-one and it been separated in another grade of small shell and small tea seed mixture is cleaned respectively, the tea seed after finally being shelled.The present invention is suitable for the mechanization shelling operation of oil tea fresh fruit.

Description

Method is cleaned in a kind of shelling of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of woody oil crops oil tea fresh fruit hulling technologies of economic forest, and in particular to a kind of oil tea fresh fruit Method is cleaned in shelling.
Background technique
Oil tea is a kind of higher woody oleiferous plants crop of economic value, wherein tea seed grease rich in, is processing tea The primary raw material of oil.Camellia oleifera fruit is made of oil-tea camellia husks and tea seed, and carrying out the previous item important procedure of Oil processing is to carry out oil tea Shell is separated with tea seed, that is, is carried out shelling and cleaned processing.As China's oil tea productionization rapidly develops, oil tea mechanization shelling It is strong to clean demand.It is higher that fresh fruit has just picked moisture content, such as shelling easily mildew not in time, and it is subsequent dry to influence tea seed Dry, storage and processing need to carry out heat treatment after camellia oleifera fruit picking.Currently, method is cleaned for the shelling of oil tea fresh fruit, first is that Processing is cleaned using size tea fruit directly to be carried out to shelling, threshing performance is low, and big, loss late height is damaged to tea seed.Second is that will adopt Oil tea fresh fruit after receipts carries out machinery again and cleans or manually clean after carrying out sunning or mechanical drying natural cracking, and there are occupancy to dry in the air The problems such as solarization place is big, large labor intensity, working efficiency is low.
Summary of the invention
The present invention cleans to solve the problems, such as that oil tea fresh fruit shell and tea seed effectively shell, and provides a kind of oil tea fresh fruit Method is cleaned in stagewise shelling.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the above technical problem is:
It the following steps are included:
One, the camellia oleifera fruit of picking is classified, sorts camellia oleifera fruit for multistage according to different volumes;
Two, it shells respectively to the camellia oleifera fruit of every level-one, then the camellia oleifera fruit shells and tea seed at different levels after shelling is mixed It is combined to form mixture;
Three, sieving and grading is carried out to mixed shell and tea seed, divided from small to large by the maximum outside diameter size of mixture At level Four: residual small disintegrating slag, small shell and small tea seed, big shell and big tea seed, especially big shell;
Residual small disintegrating slag and especially big shell are separated from vibration screening mechanism, and big shell and big tea seed been separated in one Grade, small shell and small tea seed been separated in another grade;
Four, the shell of different volumes and tea seed mixture are cleaned respectively, the tea seed after finally being shelled.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
The present invention first sorts fresh camellia oleifera fruit according to the difference of volume size, then to the camellia oleifera fruit of each rank It shells, reduces the percentage of damage of tea seed during shelling, then pass through vibration screening mechanism device for the shell after shelling It is being classified with tea seed according to volume is different, the shell of same rank and tea seed mixture is separated, volume is avoided Lesser tea seed and the biggish tea seed of volume mix the problem of causing small tea seed or big tea seed to be grinded up in separation, have Effect improves the separation rate of shell and tea seed, so that shell separation rate is reached 98% or more, the percentage of damage of tea seed is reduced to 2% Once.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is flow chart of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the bearing figure of grading plant;
Fig. 3 is the side view of grading plant;
Fig. 4 is the main view of multistage hulling device;
Fig. 5 is the right view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the main view of vibration screening mechanism;
Fig. 7 is the main view of vibrating screen in vibration screening mechanism;
Fig. 8 is the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of driving mechanism 24;
Figure 10 is the axonometric drawing of shell seed separator;
Figure 11 is the main view of shell seed separator;
Figure 12 is the top view of Figure 11;
Figure 13 is 17 positional diagram of small beaming roller 16 and big beaming roller;
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiment 1: illustrate present embodiment in conjunction with Fig. 1, present embodiment it include following methods:
One, the camellia oleifera fruit of picking is classified, sorts camellia oleifera fruit for multistage according to different volumes;
Two, it shells respectively to the camellia oleifera fruit of every level-one, then the camellia oleifera fruit shells and tea seed at different levels after shelling is mixed It is combined to form mixture;
Three, sieving and grading is carried out to mixed shell and tea seed, divided from small to large by the maximum outside diameter size of mixture At level Four: residual small disintegrating slag, small shell and small tea seed, big shell and big tea seed, especially big shell;
Residual small disintegrating slag and especially big shell are separated from vibration screening mechanism, and big shell and big tea seed been separated in one Grade, small shell and small tea seed been separated in another grade;
Four, to the big shell and big tea seed for beening separated in level-one and it been separated in another grade of small shell and small tea seed point It is not cleaned, the tea seed after finally being shelled.
It needs it is specifically intended that the volume of camellia oleifera fruit mentioned in the present invention refers both to the maximum gauge of camellia oleifera fruit.
Specific embodiment 2: illustrating present embodiment in conjunction with Fig. 1, grading plant is used in present embodiment step 1 Sorting according to the size of oil tea fruit volume is Pyatyi, the first order≤24mm, the second level 24mm <≤30mm, the 30mm < third level≤ 34mm, 34mm the < fourth stage≤50mm, 50mm < level V.
It is mentioned that the first order, the second level, the third level, the fourth stage and level V respectively refer to camellia oleifera fruit maximum gauge.
Other compositions and connection relationship are same as the specific embodiment one.
Specific embodiment 3: illustrating present embodiment in conjunction with Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, uses and divide in present embodiment step 1 Stage arrangement is classified camellia oleifera fruit, and grading plant includes feed hopper 1-1, the first rack 1-2, multiple guide rail wheel 1-3, multiple guide rail bands 1-4, first driven shaft 1-6, second driven shaft 1-8, third driven shaft 1-9, line shaft 1-7 and multiple grading discharge bucket 1-5;
Feed hopper 1-1, first driven shaft 1-6, second driven shaft 1-8, third driven shaft 1-9, line shaft 1-7 and multiple points Grade discharge bucket 1-5 is separately positioned on the first rack 1-2, and first driven shaft 1-6, second driven shaft 1-8, third driven shaft 1- 9 and line shaft 1-7 is disposed in parallel relation to one another, first driven shaft 1-6, second driven shaft 1-8, third driven shaft 1-9 and line shaft 1-7 On be each provided with multiple equidistant guide rail wheel 1-3, each guide rail band 1-4 is by first driven shaft 1-6, second driven shaft 1-8, the A respective guide rail wheel 1-3 links together on three driven shaft 1-9 and line shaft 1-7, the guide rail wheel on second driven shaft 1-8 The spacing of 1-3 is identical with the spacing of the guide rail wheel 1-3 on line shaft 1-7, the spacing of the guide rail wheel 1-3 on first driven shaft 1-6 Identical with the spacing of guide rail wheel 1-3 on third driven shaft 1-9, the spacing of the guide rail wheel 1-3 on second driven shaft 1-8 is than first The spacing of guide rail wheel 1-3 on driven shaft 1-6 is small, and line shaft 1-7 is tilted towards by motor driven, each grading discharge bucket 1-5 It pierces into down and side by side in multiple guide rails band 1-4.
The camellia oleifera fruit of picking is poured into grading plant, the two neighboring guide rail band 1- in the feeding inlet side of grading plant in step 1 4 gap becomes larger to the two neighboring guide rail of discharge end with the gap of 1-4, and since guide rail band 1-4 is relatively narrow, camellia oleifera fruit is dropped into In two gaps of the guide rail with 1-4, as camellia oleifera fruit moves forward, two neighboring guide rail becomes larger with the gap of 1-4, camellia oleifera fruit From being dropped into each grading discharge bucket 1-5 in gap of the guide rail with 1-4, the sorting work of camellia oleifera fruit is completed.
Other compositions and connection relationship are identical with embodiment two.
Specific embodiment 4: illustrating present embodiment in conjunction with Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, present embodiment is residual small in step 3 Disintegrating slag maximum outside diameter having a size of D1, D1 < 8mm;The maximum outside diameter of especially big shell is having a size of D2, D2 > 28mm;Small shell and The maximum outside diameter of small tea seed is having a size of D3,8mm≤D3≤16mm;Big shell and the maximum outside diameter of big tea seed are having a size of D4,16mm < D4 < 28mm.
Present embodiment be in order to pulverize tea seed by shell seed separator in postorder watering and separation procedure, make small shell and Small tea seed mixture and big shell and big tea seed mixture are efficiently separated and clean.
Other compositions and connection relationship are the same as the specific implementation mode 3.
Specific embodiment 5: illustrating present embodiment in conjunction with Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, using more in present embodiment step 2 Grade hulling device shells to the camellia oleifera fruit of every level-one, and multistage hulling device includes including rack 26, transmission device, multiple shellings dress It sets and multiple hoppers 6;
Multiple hoppers 6 and multiple hulling devices are arranged in rack 26 in a row, and the lower section of each hopper 6 is correspondingly arranged on One hulling device;
Each hulling device includes bottom plate 9, transmission shaft 12, roller 7 and multiple lashes stick 8;
Transmission shaft 12 is arranged in rack 26 by bearing block 5, and transmission shaft 12 is driven by transmission mechanism, on transmission shaft 12 Be fixed with roller 7, be provided on roller 7 it is multiple lash stick 8 in interlaced arrangement, the bottom of roller 7 is provided with and lashes stick 8 End is equipped with the bottom plate 9 of certain distance, and bottom plate 9 is fixed in rack 26, and bottom plate 9 can accommodate oil-tea camellia husks and tea equipped with multiple The hole that seed passes through;
The transmission device includes the first belt pulley 10, the second belt pulley 13, motor 14 and multiple sprocket wheels 4;
Motor 14 is fixed in the rack 26, and the second belt pulley 13 is described every by the axis connection on key and motor 14 The transmission shaft 12 of a hulling device is equipped with a sprocket wheel 4, and the sprocket wheel 4 on the transmission shaft 12 of two neighboring hulling device passes through chain Item 3 connects, and a transmission shaft 12 in the multiple hulling device is connect by key with the first belt pulley 10, the first belt pulley 10 It is connect with the second belt pulley 13 by belt.
The quantity of plurality of hulling device is less than or equal to 5, and such setting is for the oil tea with level-one every after classification Fresh fruit is corresponding.
Other compositions and connection relationship are identical as specific embodiment four.
Specific embodiment 6: illustrate present embodiment in conjunction with Fig. 4, the oil tea being graded in present embodiment step 1 Hole in the corresponding hulling device insole board 9 of the volume ratio of fruit is big, and gap described in the volume ratio of tea seed is small after being shelled.
Other compositions and connection relationship are identical as specific embodiment five.
Specific embodiment 7: illustrating present embodiment in conjunction with Fig. 6-Fig. 9, present embodiment step 3 uses vibrating screen Select mechanism to mixed shell and tea seed sieving and grading, vibration screening mechanism includes including driving mechanism 24 and vibrating screen 25;
Vibrating screen 25 includes upper screen cloth plate 25-1, middle sieve plate 25-2, lower screen cloth plate 25-3 and frame 25-4;
Upper screen cloth plate 25-1, middle sieve plate 25-2 and lower screen cloth plate 25-3 are fixed on frame 25-4,
Driving mechanism 24 includes third belt pulley 24-1, shaft 24-5, connecting rod 24-2, crank 24-3 and four rocking bar 24- 4;
One end of connecting rod 24-2 and frame 25-4 are hinged, and one end of the other end and crank 24-3 of connecting rod 24-2 is hinged, bent The other end of handle 24-3 and one end of shaft 24-5 are hinged, and the other end of shaft 24-5 is equipped with third belt pulley 24-1, third skin Belt wheel 24-1 connect transmission by belt with second belt pulley 13, and shaft 24-5 is arranged by bearing block in the rack 26 On.
Present embodiment motor 14 drives the rotation of the second belt pulley 13, and the second belt pulley 13 drives crank 24-3 to drive connecting rod 24-2 makes vibrating screen 25 do lateral reciprocating motion, and wherein residual small disintegrating slag of the maximum outside diameter size less than 8mm is from upper screen cloth plate 25- 1, middle sieve plate 25-2 and lower screen cloth plate 25-3 are passed through one by one and are separated from vibrating screen 25, and maximum outside diameter size is greater than 28mm Especially big shell separated from upper screen cloth plate 25-1, small shell and small tea seed are separated from lower screen cloth plate 25-3, big fruit Therefrom sieve plate 25-2 is separated for shell and big tea seed.
Other compositions and connection relationship are identical as specific embodiment six.
Specific embodiment 8: illustrating present embodiment in conjunction with Figure 10-Figure 12, two are used in present embodiment step 4 Sheath body seed separator cleans the shell and tea seed mixture of different stage respectively, and every sheath body seed separator includes packet Include the second rack 15, multiple small beaming rollers 16 and multiple big beaming rollers 17;
Multiple small beaming rollers 16 and the setting of multiple big beaming rollers 17 are set in the second rack 15, and between two neighboring big beaming roller 17 There are one small beaming roller 16, adjacent small beaming roller 16 and big beaming roller 17 to pass through gear engaged transmission, multiple small beaming rollers 16 or multiple big One in beaming roller 17 passes through motor driven.
Oil-tea camellia husks and tea seed are being fallen from the gap that feeding inlet enters first big beaming roller 17 and first small beaming roller 16 The rotation direction of big beaming roller 17 is downward with respect to shell or tea seed in the first gap entered, first small 16 rotation direction of beaming roller to On, tea seed enters second big beaming roller 17 and second small beaming roller 16 under the action of the tangential force of big beaming roller 17 and small beaming roller 16 Gap in, shell is low relative to contact point of the tea seed on big beaming roller 17 and is taken out of by force by big beaming roller 17 to big 17 He of beaming roller The lower section of small beaming roller 16 and separated, enter tea seed in the gap of second big beaming roller 17 and second small beaming roller 16 and big The contact friction of beaming roller 17 is larger, and smaller with the friction of small beaming roller 16, will not be taken out of by small beaming roller Final 16 row, in big beaming roller 17 Under the action of enter in the gap of next small beaming roller 16 and big beaming roller 17, be finally transported to the discharge port end of separator And tea seed is separated.
Other compositions and connection relationship are identical as specific embodiment seven.
Specific embodiment 9: illustrate present embodiment in conjunction with Figure 13, every sheath body seed point in present embodiment step 4 It is 2-5mm from the spacing L1 of beaming roller 17 big in device and small beaming roller 16.
Present embodiment guarantees not pulverized by big beaming roller 17 in shell and tea seed separation process.
Other compositions and connection relationship are identical as specific embodiment eight.
Specific embodiment 10: illustrating present embodiment in conjunction with Figure 13, present embodiment cleans big tea seed and big shell Shell seed separator in big beaming roller 17 and small beaming roller 16 spacing L1 score it is big from the separator of small tea seed and small shell The spacing L1 of beaming roller 17 and small beaming roller 16 is big.
Preferably, separating the spacing L1 of big beaming roller 17 and small beaming roller 16 in the shell seed separator of big tea seed and big shell is 3.8mm, separating the spacing L1 of big beaming roller 17 and small beaming roller 16 in the separator of small tea seed and small shell is 2.8mm.
So set, being to be cleaned in separation process in tea seed in shell in order to prevent, to adapt to the ruler of different stage tea seed It is very little, prevent tea seed to be grinded up.
Other compositions and connection relationship are identical as specific embodiment nine.

Claims (10)

1. method is cleaned in a kind of shelling of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise, it is characterised in that: it the following steps are included:
One, the camellia oleifera fruit of picking is classified, sorts camellia oleifera fruit for multistage according to different volumes;
Two, it shells respectively to the camellia oleifera fruit of every level-one, then the camellia oleifera fruit shells and tea seed at different levels after shelling is blended in It is formed together mixture;
Three, sieving and grading is carried out to mixed shell and tea seed, is divided into four from small to large by the maximum outside diameter size of mixture Grade: residual small disintegrating slag, small shell and small tea seed, big shell and big tea seed, especially big shell;
Residual small disintegrating slag and especially big shell are separated, and big shell and big tea seed been separated in level-one, small shell and small tea seed It been separated in another grade;
Four, to the big shell and big tea seed mixture for beening separated in level-one and been separated in another grade small shell and small tea seed Mixture is cleaned respectively, the tea seed after finally being shelled.
2. method is cleaned in a kind of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise shelling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: pressed in step 1 According to oil tea fruit volume size sorting be Pyatyi, the first order≤24mm, the second level 24mm <≤30mm, the 30mm < third level≤ 34mm, 34mm the < fourth stage≤50mm, 50mm < level V.
3. method is cleaned in a kind of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise shelling according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: adopted in step 1 With grading plant to camellia oleifera fruit be classified, grading plant include feed hopper (1-1), the first rack (1-2), multiple guide rail wheels (1-3), Multiple guide rail bands (1-4), first driven shaft (1-6), second driven shaft (1-8), third driven shaft (1-9), line shaft (1-7) and Multiple grading discharge buckets (1-5);
Feed hopper (1-1), first driven shaft (1-6), second driven shaft (1-8), third driven shaft (1-9), line shaft (1-7) and Multiple grading discharge buckets (1-5) are separately positioned on the first rack (1-2), and first driven shaft (1-6), second driven shaft (1- 8), third driven shaft (1-9) and line shaft (1-7) are disposed in parallel relation to one another, first driven shaft (1-6), second driven shaft (1-8), Multiple equidistant guide rail wheels (1-3), each guide rail band (1-4) are each provided on third driven shaft (1-9) and line shaft (1-7) Respective one on first driven shaft (1-6), second driven shaft (1-8), third driven shaft (1-9) and line shaft (1-7) is led Rail wheel (1-3) links together, the guide rail in the spacing and line shaft (1-7) of the guide rail wheel (1-3) in second driven shaft (1-8) The spacing for taking turns (1-3) is identical, leading in the spacing and third driven shaft (1-9) of the guide rail wheel (1-3) in first driven shaft (1-6) The spacing of rail wheel (1-3) is identical, and the spacing of the guide rail wheel (1-3) in second driven shaft (1-8) is than on first driven shaft (1-6) The spacing of guide rail wheel (1-3) is small, and line shaft (1-7) is by motor driven, and each grading discharge bucket (1-5) is diagonally downward and side by side It pierces into multiple guide rail bands (1-4).
4. method is cleaned in a kind of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise shelling according to claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that: in step In three, the maximum outside diameter of residual small disintegrating slag is having a size of D1, D1 < 8mm;The maximum outside diameter of especially big shell is having a size of D2, D2 > 28mm;Small shell and the maximum outside diameter of small tea seed are having a size of D3,8mm≤D3≤16mm;The maximum outside diameter of big shell and big tea seed Having a size of D4,16mm < D4 < 28mm.
5. method is cleaned in a kind of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise shelling according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: adopted in step 2 It is shelled with multistage hulling device to the camellia oleifera fruit of every level-one, multistage hulling device includes including rack (26), transmission device, multiple Hulling device and multiple hoppers (6);
Multiple hoppers (6) and multiple hulling devices are arranged on rack (26) in a row, are correspondingly arranged below each hopper (6) There is a hulling device;
Each hulling device includes bottom plate (9), transmission shaft (12), roller (7) and multiple lashes stick (8);
Transmission shaft (12) is arranged on rack (26) by bearing block (5), and transmission shaft (12) is driven by transmission mechanism, transmission shaft (12) it is fixed on roller (7), multiple lashing stick (8) in interlaced arrangement, the bottom of roller (7) is provided on roller (7) It is provided with and lashes the bottom plate (9) that stick (8) end is equipped with certain distance, bottom plate (9) is fixed on rack (26), on bottom plate (9) Equipped with multiple holes that can accommodate oil-tea camellia husks and tea seed passes through;
The transmission device includes the first belt pulley (10), the second belt pulley (13), motor (14) and multiple sprocket wheels (4);
Motor (14) is fixed on the rack (26), and the second belt pulley (13) passes through the axis connection on key and motor (14), institute The transmission shaft (12) for stating each hulling device is equipped with a sprocket wheel (4), on the transmission shaft (12) of two neighboring hulling device Sprocket wheel (4) is connected by chain 3, and in the multiple hulling device a transmission shaft (12) passes through key and the first belt pulley (10) Connection, the first belt pulley (10) are connect with the second belt pulley (13) by belt.
6. method is cleaned in a kind of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise shelling according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: quilt in step 1 Hole on the corresponding hulling device insole board (9) of the volume ratio of the camellia oleifera fruit of classification is big, the volume ratio of tea seed after being shelled The gap is small.
7. method is cleaned in a kind of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise shelling according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: step 3 uses For vibration screening mechanism to mixed shell and tea seed sieving and grading, vibration screening mechanism includes including driving mechanism (24) and shaking Dynamic sieve (25);
Vibrating screen (25) includes upper screen cloth plate (25-1), middle sieve plate (25-2), lower screen cloth plate (25-3) and frame (25-4);
Upper screen cloth plate (25-1), middle sieve plate (25-2) and lower screen cloth plate (25-3) are fixed on frame (25-4), driving mechanism It (24) include third belt pulley (24-1), shaft (24-5), connecting rod (24-2), crank (24-3) and four rocking bars (24-4);
Hingedly, the other end of connecting rod (24-2) and the one end of crank (24-3) are cut with scissors by one end of connecting rod (24-2) and frame (25-4) It connects, the other end of crank (24-3) and one end of shaft (24-5) are hinged, and the other end of shaft (24-5) is equipped with third belt pulley (24-1), third belt pulley (24-1) connect transmission by belt with second belt pulley (13), and shaft (24-5) passes through axis Seat is held to be arranged on the rack (26).
8. method is cleaned in a kind of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise shelling according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: adopted in step 4 It is cleaned respectively with shell and tea seed mixture of the two sheath body seed separators to different stage, every sheath body seed separator packet It includes including rack I (15), multiple small beaming rollers (16) and multiple big beaming rollers (17);
Multiple small beaming rollers (16) and multiple big beaming rollers (17) are arranged on rack I (15), and between two neighboring big beaming roller (17) Equipped with one small beaming roller (16), adjacent small beaming roller (16) and big beaming roller (17) pass through gear engaged transmission, multiple small beaming rollers (16) or one in multiple big beaming rollers (17) passes through motor driven.
9. method is cleaned in a kind of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise shelling according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: every in step 4 The spacing (L1) of big beaming roller (17) and small beaming roller (16) is 2-5mm in sheath body seed separator.
10. method is cleaned in a kind of oil tea fresh fruit stagewise shelling according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: clean big tea Spacing (L1) score of big beaming roller (17) and small beaming roller (16) is from small tea seed and fruitlet in the shell seed separator of seed and big shell The spacing (L1) of big beaming roller (17) and small beaming roller (16) is big in the separator of shell.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110063507A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-07-30 国家林业和草原局哈尔滨林业机械研究所 A kind of preprocess method before fresh fried flour fruit shelling
CN111642757A (en) * 2020-08-06 2020-09-11 江西农业大学 Method and equipment for shelling and screening camellia oleifera fruits
CN112890215A (en) * 2021-02-26 2021-06-04 信阳农林学院 Fresh osmanthus fragrans fruit seed and pulp separation device

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CN111642757B (en) * 2020-08-06 2020-11-24 江西农业大学 Method and equipment for shelling and screening camellia oleifera fruits
CN112890215A (en) * 2021-02-26 2021-06-04 信阳农林学院 Fresh osmanthus fragrans fruit seed and pulp separation device

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