CN109122804B - Mussel shell cleaning device and cleaning method - Google Patents

Mussel shell cleaning device and cleaning method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109122804B
CN109122804B CN201810944330.4A CN201810944330A CN109122804B CN 109122804 B CN109122804 B CN 109122804B CN 201810944330 A CN201810944330 A CN 201810944330A CN 109122804 B CN109122804 B CN 109122804B
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mussel
cutter
cleaning
shell
substrate
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CN109122804A (en
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李丽莎
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李丽莎
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A22BUTCHERING; MEAT TREATMENT; PROCESSING POULTRY OR FISH
    • A22CPROCESSING MEAT, POULTRY, OR FISH
    • A22C29/00Processing shellfish or bivalves, e.g. oysters, lobsters; Devices therefor, e.g. claw locks, claw crushers, grading devices; Processing lines
    • A22C29/04Processing bivalves, e.g. oysters
    • A22C29/043Cleaning operations on bivalves, e.g. evisceration, brushing, separation of meat and shell material

Abstract

The invention discloses a mussel shell cleaning device and a cleaning method, and the device comprises a rectangular substrate, M rows of mussel limiting holes, M mussel pressure rods, at least one support rod, an upper hair brush and a lower hair brush, wherein the M rows of mussel limiting holes are formed in the substrate and matched with the mussels in shape, the M mussel pressure rods are arranged on the upper surface of the substrate, the support rod penetrates through the lower part of each row of mussel limiting holes, the upper hair brush is arranged on the substrate and used for brushing an upper shell of the mussel, the lower hair brush is used for brushing a lower shell; the invention has the characteristics of improving the cleaning efficiency of the shell and having good cleaning effect.

Description

Mussel shell cleaning device and cleaning method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of shellfish shell cleaning equipment, in particular to a mussel shell cleaning device and method with high cleaning efficiency and good cleaning effect.
Background
Mussels are commonly called as rainbow in the northern China and green in the southern China, and dried products are called as mussels, which are one of famous marine food, are rich in nutrition, delicious in taste, high in protein content and called as eggs in the sea. Mussels are an important variety in the shellfish culture industry, are cultured in many regions of the world, and are produced in large quantities.
At present, mussel is mostly cleaned by adopting manual cleaning, so that the cleaning efficiency is low, the labor intensity is high, and the cleaning effect is poor.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of low cleaning efficiency, high labor intensity and poor cleaning effect of a mussel cleaning method in the prior art, and provides a mussel shell cleaning device and a mussel shell cleaning method with high cleaning efficiency and good cleaning effect
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a shell cleaning device for mussels comprises a rectangular substrate, M rows of mussel limiting holes, M mussel pressing rods, at least one supporting rod, upper brushes and lower brushes, wherein the M rows of mussel limiting holes are formed in the substrate, the shapes of the mussel limiting holes are matched with the shapes of the mussels, the M mussel pressing rods are arranged on the upper surface of the substrate, the supporting rods penetrate through the lower parts of the mussel limiting holes of each row, the upper brushes are arranged on the substrate and used for brushing the upper shell of the mussels, the lower brushes are used for brushing the; be equipped with front guide rail and back rail on the leading flank of base plate and the trailing flank respectively, go up the brush and down the brush respectively with front guide rail and back rail sliding connection, upward be equipped with the water conservancy diversion chamber in the brush, upward be equipped with the wash port on the brush, water conservancy diversion chamber and water piping connection, be equipped with the solenoid valve on the inlet tube, each mussel depression bar and the equal lateral extension of bracing piece, still including locating reciprocating motor and the cylinder on the base plate, reciprocating motor's pivot and gear connection, the gear passes through the chain and is connected with lower brush, the telescopic link and the last brush of cylinder are connected, be equipped with L shape baffle on the edge of base plate upper surface, the controller respectively with the solenoid valve, the cylinder, reciprocating.
The mussel limiting hole, the mussel pressure rod and the support rod can stably fix the mussel, and then the upper shell and the lower shell of the mussel are scrubbed by the upper brush and the lower brush, so that the mussel is immobile, the scrubbing force of the upper brush and the lower brush is more stable, and soil and other attachments on the mussel are easier to be brushed off; meanwhile, water can be discharged from the drainage holes, soil and other attachments are taken away, and the water flows out of the mussel limiting holes; the invention can clean the next group of mussels again after cleaning one group of mussels, is convenient for cleaning a large number of mussels in a centralized time, effectively reduces the labor intensity and improves the cleaning efficiency and the cleaning effect.
Preferably, a guide channel surrounding the mussel limiting hole is arranged in the substrate close to each mussel limiting hole, and a left coiler, a right coiler, a first cutter and a second cutter are arranged in the guide channel; the left coiler and the right coiler are respectively connected with a first cutter and a second cutter through ropes, and the first cutter and the second cutter are respectively in sliding connection with the side wall opposite to the guide channel through a plurality of sliding blocks; the cutter heads at the front parts of the first cutter and the second cutter extend out of the opening in the side wall of the guide channel and are in pressing contact with the edge of the mussel shell; the controller is respectively electrically connected with the left retractor and the right retractor.
Mussel byssus are very tough and are usually cut off manually, so that the labor intensity is high and the working efficiency is low; according to the invention, after the mussel brushing and cleaning are completed, the first cutter and the second cutter are used for moving left and right along the front edge and the rear edge of the mussel for multiple times respectively, so that the byssus can be accurately cut no matter where the byssus is located, the mussel cleaning efficiency is further improved, and the cleaning effect is improved.
Preferably, the first cutter comprises a guide cylinder and a spring arranged in the guide cylinder, the upper part of the cutter head extends into the guide cylinder, a convex ring is arranged on the cutter head, the convex ring is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the guide cylinder, and a baffle ring is arranged at the lower end of the guide cylinder; the structure of the second cutter is the same as that of the first cutter.
Due to the arrangement of the structures of the second cutter and the first cutter, the cutter heads of the second cutter and the first cutter can be always in pressing contact with the edge of the mussel, so that byssus can be effectively cut off.
Preferably, the sewage treatment device also comprises 4 support columns connected with the base plate and a sewage tank arranged below the base plate; a guide rail is arranged on the ground, and the sewage tank is connected with the guide rail in a sliding manner.
The sewage tank is used for collecting sewage and ensures the cleanness of the working environment.
Preferably, the base plate is provided with M transversely extending grooves for accommodating the mussel pressure rods, and each groove is provided with a plurality of elastic protrusions for tightly squeezing the mussel pressure rods.
A method of cleaning a mussel shell cleaning device, comprising the steps of:
(6-1) putting the mussels on the substrate, horizontally pushing the mussels by using a tool, preventing the mussels from falling off the substrate by using the L-shaped baffle plate, enabling one mussel to enter each limiting hole, and collecting redundant mussels in a container;
(6-2) an operator compresses the mussels in the limiting holes of each row by using mussel pressure rods, so that the two shells of each mussel are in a vertically matched state;
(6-3) the controller controls the electromagnetic valve to be opened and controls the reciprocating motor to work; the controller controls the cylinder to work, so that the upper brush moves in a reciprocating manner, water flows out of each drain hole, and the upper brush brushes the upper shell of each mussel together with water flow; meanwhile, the reciprocating motor drives the lower brush to brush the lower shell of each mussel in a reciprocating manner;
(6-4) the controller is internally provided with the working time T of the reciprocating motor, when the working time of the reciprocating motor is more than T, the controller controls the electromagnetic valve to be closed, the reciprocating motor stops working, the alarm gives an alarm, and an operator stops pushing and pulling the upper hairbrush;
(6-5) the operator pulls up the mussel pressure rods and collects the cleaned mussels.
Preferably, a guide channel surrounding the mussel limiting hole is arranged in the substrate close to each mussel limiting hole, and a left coiler, a right coiler, a first cutter and a second cutter are arranged in the guide channel; the left coiler and the right coiler are respectively connected with a first cutter and a second cutter through ropes, and the first cutter and the second cutter are respectively in sliding connection with the side wall opposite to the guide channel through a plurality of sliding blocks; the cutter heads at the front parts of the first cutter and the second cutter extend out of the opening in the side wall of the guide channel and are in pressing contact with the edge of the mussel shell; the controller is electrically connected with the left retractor and the right retractor respectively; the following steps are also included between the steps (6-4) and (6-5):
the alternating take-up of the left coiler in every direction passageway and the right coiler of controller control is N times, makes first cutter and second cutter left and right reciprocating motion, makes first cutter or second cutter cut off the byssus of mussel, and the byssus that cuts off falls out from the spacing hole of mussel, and the ware stop work is rolled up to left coiler and right coiler in controller control.
Therefore, the invention has the following beneficial effects: the centralized cleaning device is convenient for cleaning a large number of mussels in a centralized time, effectively reduces labor intensity, and improves cleaning efficiency and cleaning effect.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a configuration of the mussel spacing hole, the guide channel, the left retractor, the right retractor, the first cutter and the second cutter of the invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a first cutting blade of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a functional block diagram of the present invention.
In the figure: the automatic cutting device comprises a base plate 1, a mussel limiting hole 2, a mussel pressure bar 3, an upper hairbrush 4, a lower hairbrush 5, a front guide rail 6, an electromagnetic valve 7, a reciprocating motor 8, a controller 9, a guide channel 10, an alarm 11, a left retractor 101, a right retractor 102, a first cutter 103, a second cutter 104, a rope 105, a cylinder 301, an L-shaped baffle 302, a support column 303, a sewage tank 304, a tool bit 1031, a guide cylinder 1032, a spring 1033, a baffle ring 1034 and a convex ring 10311.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the following figures and detailed description.
Example 1
The embodiment shown in fig. 1 is a mussel shell cleaning device, which comprises a rectangular substrate 1, 4 rows of mussel limiting holes 2 matched with the shape of the mussels and arranged on the substrate, 4 mussel pressure rods 3 arranged on the upper surface of the substrate, 2 support rods passing through the lower part of each row of mussel limiting holes, an upper hair brush 4 arranged on the substrate and used for brushing the upper shell of the mussel, and a lower hair brush 5 arranged on the substrate and used for brushing the lower shell of the mussel; be equipped with front rail 6 and back rail on the leading flank of base plate and the trailing flank respectively, go up the brush and down the brush respectively with front rail and back rail sliding connection, upward be equipped with the water conservancy diversion chamber in the brush, upward be equipped with the wash port on the brush, water conservancy diversion chamber and advance water piping connection, be equipped with solenoid valve 7 on the inlet tube, each mussel depression bar and the equal horizontal extension of bracing piece, still including locating reciprocating motor 8 and the cylinder 301 on the base plate, reciprocating motor's pivot and gear connection, the gear passes through the chain and is connected with lower brush, the telescopic link and the last brush of cylinder are connected, be equipped with L shape baffle 302 on the edge of base plate upper surface.
Be equipped with 4 recesses that are used for holding the horizontal extension of mussel depression bar on the base plate, all be equipped with a plurality of elastic protrusions that are used for crowded tight mussel depression bar in every recess.
The sewage treatment device also comprises 4 support columns 303 connected with the base plate and a sewage tank 304 arranged below the base plate; a guide rail is arranged on the ground, and the sewage tank is connected with the guide rail in a sliding manner.
As shown in fig. 4, the controller 9 is electrically connected to the solenoid valve, the cylinder, the reciprocating motor, and the alarm 11, respectively.
A method of cleaning a mussel shell cleaning device, comprising the steps of:
(6-1) putting the mussels on the substrate, horizontally pushing the mussels by using a tool, preventing the mussels from falling off the substrate by using the L-shaped baffle plate, enabling one mussel to enter each limiting hole, and collecting redundant mussels in a container;
(6-2) an operator compresses the mussels in the limiting holes of each row by using mussel pressure rods, so that the two shells of each mussel are in a vertically matched state;
(6-3) the controller controls the electromagnetic valve to be opened and controls the reciprocating motor to work; the controller controls the cylinder to work, so that the upper brush moves in a reciprocating manner, water flows out of each drain hole, and the upper brush brushes the upper shell of each mussel together with water flow; meanwhile, the reciprocating motor drives the lower brush to brush the lower shell of each mussel in a reciprocating manner;
(6-4) the controller is internally provided with a reciprocating motor, the working time length T =3 minutes, when the working time of the reciprocating motor is longer than 3 minutes, the controller controls the electromagnetic valve to be closed, the reciprocating motor stops working, the alarm gives an alarm, and an operator stops pushing and pulling the upper hairbrush;
(6-5) the operator pulls up the mussel pressure rods and collects the cleaned mussels.
Example 2
Embodiment 2 includes all the structure and method parts of embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 2, a guide channel 10 surrounding the mussel-restricted hole is arranged in the substrate of embodiment 2 near each mussel-restricted hole, and a left retractor 101, a right retractor 102, a first cutting knife 103 and a second cutting knife 104 are arranged in the guide channel; the left coiler and the right coiler are respectively connected with a first cutter and a second cutter through ropes, and the first cutter and the second cutter are respectively in sliding connection with the side wall opposite to the guide channel through a plurality of sliding blocks; the cutter heads at the front parts of the first cutter and the second cutter extend out of the opening in the side wall of the guide channel and are in pressing contact with the edge of the mussel shell;
as shown in fig. 3, the first cutter comprises a guide cylinder 1032 and a spring 1033 arranged in the guide cylinder, the upper part of the cutter head extends into the guide cylinder, a convex ring 10311 is arranged on the cutter head, the convex ring is connected with the inner wall of the guide cylinder in a sliding way, and a baffle ring 1034 is arranged at the lower end of the guide cylinder; the structure of the second cutter is the same as that of the first cutter. As shown in fig. 4, the controller is electrically connected to the left retractor and the right retractor, respectively.
The following steps are also included between the steps (6-4) and (6-5):
the alternating take-up 4 times of left coiler and right coiler in every direction passageway of controller control, wherein, left coiler and right coiler are taut 2 times respectively, make first cutter and second cutter left and right reciprocating motion, make first cutter or second cutter cut off the byssus of mussel, and the byssus that cuts off falls out from the spacing hole of mussel, and the ware stop work is received to left coiler of controller control and right coiler.
It should be understood that this example is for illustrative purposes only and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Further, it should be understood that various changes or modifications of the present invention may be made by those skilled in the art after reading the teaching of the present invention, and such equivalents may fall within the scope of the present invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. A mussel shell cleaning device is characterized by comprising a rectangular substrate (1), M rows of mussel limiting holes (2) which are arranged on the substrate and matched with the shapes of the mussels, M mussel pressing rods (3) arranged on the upper surface of the substrate, at least one supporting rod which penetrates through the lower part of each row of mussel limiting holes, an upper hairbrush (4) which is arranged on the substrate and used for brushing the upper shell of the mussel and a lower hairbrush (5) which is arranged on the substrate and used for brushing the lower shell of the mussel, wherein M is larger than 2; the multifunctional electric toothbrush is characterized in that a front guide rail (6) and a rear guide rail are respectively arranged on the front side surface and the rear side surface of the substrate, an upper hairbrush and a lower hairbrush are respectively in sliding connection with the front guide rail and the rear guide rail, a flow guide cavity is arranged in the upper hairbrush, a drain hole is arranged on the upper hairbrush, the flow guide cavity is connected with a water inlet pipe, an electromagnetic valve (7) is arranged on the water inlet pipe, each mussel pressure rod and each support rod transversely extend, the multifunctional electric toothbrush further comprises a reciprocating motor (8) and an air cylinder (301) which are arranged on the substrate, a rotating shaft of the reciprocating motor is connected with a gear, the gear is connected with the lower hairbrush through a chain, a telescopic rod of the air cylinder is connected with the upper hairbrush, an; a guide channel (10) surrounding the mussel limiting hole is arranged in the substrate close to each mussel limiting hole, and a left retractor (101), a right retractor (102), a first cutter (103) and a second cutter (104) are arranged in the guide channel; the left coiler and the right coiler are respectively connected with a first cutter and a second cutter through ropes (105), and the first cutter and the second cutter are respectively in sliding connection with the opposite side walls of the guide channel through a plurality of sliding blocks; the cutter heads (1031) in the front parts of the first cutter and the second cutter extend out of the openings in the side walls of the guide channels and are in pressing contact with the edges of the mussel shell; the controller is respectively electrically connected with the left retractor and the right retractor.
2. The mussel shell cleaning device according to claim 1, wherein the first cutter further comprises a guide cylinder (1032) and a spring (1033) arranged in the guide cylinder, the upper portion of the cutter head extends into the guide cylinder, a convex ring (10311) is arranged on the cutter head, the convex ring is connected with the inner wall of the guide cylinder in a sliding manner, and a blocking ring (1034) is arranged at the lower end of the guide cylinder; the structure of the second cutter is the same as that of the first cutter.
3. The mussel shell cleaning device according to claim 1, further comprising 4 support posts (303) connected to the base plate, a waste tank (304) disposed below the base plate; a guide rail is arranged on the ground, and the sewage tank is connected with the guide rail in a sliding manner.
4. A device for cleaning a mussel shell according to claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein M transversely extending grooves for receiving the mussel pressure bars are provided on the base plate, and a plurality of resilient protrusions for squeezing the mussel pressure bars are provided in each groove.
5. A method for cleaning a mussel shell cleaning device according to claim 1, comprising the steps of:
(5-1) putting the mussels on the substrate, horizontally pushing the mussels by using a tool, preventing the mussels from falling off the substrate by using the L-shaped baffle plate, enabling one mussel to enter each limiting hole, and collecting redundant mussels in a container;
(5-2) compressing the mussels in each row of limiting holes by using mussel pressure rods by an operator to enable two shells of each mussel to be in a vertically matched state;
(5-3) the controller controls the electromagnetic valve to be opened and controls the reciprocating motor to work; the controller controls the cylinder to work, so that the upper brush moves in a reciprocating manner, water flows out of each drain hole, and the upper brush brushes the upper shell of each mussel together with water flow; meanwhile, the reciprocating motor drives the lower brush to brush the lower shell of each mussel in a reciprocating manner;
(5-4) setting the working time T of the reciprocating motor in the controller, when the working time of the reciprocating motor is more than T, controlling the electromagnetic valve to be closed by the controller, stopping the reciprocating motor, giving an alarm, and stopping an operator to push and pull the upper hairbrush;
(5-5) the operator pulls up the mussel pressure rods and collects the cleaned mussels.
6. The method for cleaning a mussel shell cleaning device according to claim 5, wherein the steps (5-4) and (5-5) further comprise the following steps:
the alternating take-up of the left coiler in every direction passageway and the right coiler of controller control is N times, makes first cutter and second cutter left and right reciprocating motion, makes first cutter or second cutter cut off the byssus of mussel, and the byssus that cuts off falls out from the spacing hole of mussel, and the ware stop work is rolled up to left coiler and right coiler in controller control.
CN201810944330.4A 2018-08-18 2018-08-18 Mussel shell cleaning device and cleaning method Active CN109122804B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN109122804B true CN109122804B (en) 2021-03-23

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110402998B (en) * 2019-08-06 2021-06-22 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Mechanical shell opening auxiliary meat taking device for scallops

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US3320631A (en) * 1965-06-24 1967-05-23 Coley T Brown Apparatus for removing scallops from their shells
CN103988883B (en) * 2014-05-21 2016-03-16 昆山市富众网络科技有限公司 A kind of efficient crab cleaning device
CN204670272U (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-09-30 姜玉兰 A kind of shellfish high-efficiency washing device
CN107006590A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-08-04 合肥智慧龙机械设计有限公司 A kind of two-sided cleaning device of aquatic products
CN206923316U (en) * 2017-07-21 2018-01-26 咸宁市咸安向阳湖香莲农业科技有限公司 A kind of lotus seeds device for picking easy to use
CN207322559U (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-05-08 深圳市鲜动生活股份有限公司 A kind of processing of aquatic products operation console

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