CN109122193B - Tea seedling planting equipment - Google Patents

Tea seedling planting equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109122193B
CN109122193B CN201811021419.XA CN201811021419A CN109122193B CN 109122193 B CN109122193 B CN 109122193B CN 201811021419 A CN201811021419 A CN 201811021419A CN 109122193 B CN109122193 B CN 109122193B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
plate
conveying
cooling
cooling cylinder
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CN201811021419.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109122193A (en
Inventor
邹成浩
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Tonglu Jialin Tea Co.,Ltd.
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Tonglu Jialin Tea Co ltd
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Priority to CN201811021419.XA priority Critical patent/CN109122193B/en
Publication of CN109122193A publication Critical patent/CN109122193A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • A01G23/02Transplanting, uprooting, felling or delimbing trees
    • A01G23/04Transplanting trees; Devices for grasping the root ball, e.g. stump forceps; Wrappings or packages for transporting trees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/02Special arrangements for delivering the liquid directly into the soil
    • A01C23/023Special arrangements for delivering the liquid directly into the soil for liquid or gas fertilisers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/04Machines for making or covering holes for sowing or planting

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to tea seedling planting equipment which comprises a shell, a conveying cylinder, a rotating cylinder, a stirring plate, a cooling cylinder, a motor, a driving gear, a gear ring, an air cylinder and a conveying module, wherein the lower end of the conveying cylinder is fixedly connected with the upper end of the cooling cylinder, the outer wall of the lower end of the cooling cylinder is in contact fit with the inner wall of the rotating cylinder, the upper end of the cooling cylinder is provided with a water storage cavity, the lower end of the rotating cylinder is uniformly provided with a group of stirring plates, and water in the water storage cavity at the upper end of the cooling cylinder flows into a pit along a water outlet hole; through being equipped with transport module in the left side of a transfer cylinder, realize the automatic planting of tealeaves seedling, improved the planting efficiency of tealeaves seedling, alleviateed tea grower's intensity of labour simultaneously.

Description

Tea seedling planting equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery, and particularly relates to tea seedling planting equipment.
Background
China is the hometown of tea, and tea has been used as a special beverage in China for thousands of years. All the medical books of the past generation "materia medica" refer to tea leaves that it has the efficacies of quenching thirst, refreshing, promoting urination, treating cough, eliminating phlegm, improving eyesight, benefiting thinking, relieving restlessness and greasiness, dispelling sleepiness and losing weight, diminishing inflammation and detoxifying and the like. In order to improve tea planting efficiency and improve the survival rate of tea, the tea seedling planting equipment is specially provided.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to make up the defects of the prior art, the lower end of a conveying cylinder is fixedly connected with the upper end of a cooling cylinder, the outer wall of the lower end of the cooling cylinder is in contact fit with the inner wall of a rotating cylinder, the upper end of the cooling cylinder is provided with a water storage cavity, the lower end of the water storage cavity of the cooling cylinder is provided with a water outlet hole, the water outlet hole in the lower end of the cooling cylinder is arranged on the cylindrical surface of the cooling cylinder, the lower end of the rotating cylinder is uniformly provided with a group of stirring plates, water in the water storage cavity in the upper end of the cooling cylinder flows into a pit along the water outlet hole, on one hand, heat generated by friction between the rotating cylinder and soil is taken away, on the other hand, soil is moistened, and then the reclamation of a spiral plate on the rotating cylinder is facilitated, meanwhile, the moistened soil; through being equipped with transport module in the left side of a transfer cylinder, realize the automatic planting of tealeaves seedling, improved the planting efficiency of tealeaves seedling, alleviateed tea grower's intensity of labour simultaneously.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention relates to tea seedling planting equipment which comprises a shell, a conveying cylinder, a rotary cylinder, a stirring plate, a cooling cylinder, a motor, a driving gear, a gear ring, an air cylinder and a conveying module, wherein the conveying cylinder is arranged on a top plate of the shell; the cylindrical surface at the lower end of the conveying cylinder is fixedly connected to the top plate of the shell, and the left side of the conveying cylinder is provided with a conveying module; the conveying module is used for conveying tea seedlings into the conveying cylinder; the lower end of the conveying cylinder is fixedly connected with the upper end of the cooling cylinder; the outer wall of the lower end of the cooling cylinder is in contact fit with the inner wall of the rotary cylinder, the upper end of the cooling cylinder is provided with a water storage cavity, the lower end of the water storage cavity of the cooling cylinder is provided with a water outlet hole, and the water outlet hole at the lower end of the cooling cylinder is arranged on the cylindrical surface of the cooling cylinder; the outer wall of the upper end of the rotary cylinder is fixedly connected with a gear ring; the gear ring is in meshing transmission with the driving gear; the driving gear is fixedly connected to the end of a rotating shaft of the motor; the motor is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the right side of the shell through the mounting seat; a group of cylinders is uniformly arranged below the gear ring; the cylinder body of the cylinder is fixedly connected to the bottom plate of the shell, the end head of a cylinder rod of the cylinder is arranged into a spherical surface, and the end head of the cylinder rod of the cylinder is in contact fit with the lower end surface of the gear ring; the outer wall of the middle part of the rotary cylinder is in contact fit with the inner wall of the mounting hole on the bottom plate of the shell, the outer wall of the lower end of the rotary cylinder is provided with a spiral plate, and the lower end of the rotary cylinder is uniformly provided with a group of poking plates; the upper end of the poking plate is hinged to the end part of the lower end of the rotary cylinder, a rectangular bulge is arranged at the upper end of the poking plate, and a spring is arranged between the rectangular bulge of the poking plate and the side wall of the rectangular groove at the lower end of the rotary cylinder; when the rotary drum is in work, the motor drives the driving gear to rotate, the driving gear drives the rotary drum to rotate through meshing with the gear ring, the spiral plate at the lower end of the rotary drum rotates out of the pit on the ground, water in the water storage cavity at the upper end of the cooling drum flows into the pit along the water outlet hole in the rotating process of the rotary drum, on one hand, heat generated by friction between the rotary drum and soil is taken away, on the other hand, the soil is moistened, the spiral plate on the rotary drum is convenient to cultivate, and meanwhile, the moistened soil is more beneficial to growth of tea seedlings; after the degree of depth of cutting reached the standard, motor stall, controller control transport module conveys the tealeaves seedling in the transfer cylinder, the tealeaves seedling gets into the bottom of cooling cylinder along the transfer cylinder, the main equipment drives the casing rebound, the ejecting cylinder pole of simultaneous control cylinder, and then the cylinder pole promotes the ring gear rebound, the ring gear drives rotatory section of thick bamboo rebound, and then the lower extreme extrusion striking plate of the cooling cylinder in the rotatory section of thick bamboo, the striking plate swing, and then the tealeaves seedling falls into in the pit after passing between the striking plate, after the rotatory section of thick bamboo lower extreme left the pit, the root cover of tealeaves seedling under the automatic sliding of soil in the pit, and then realize the automatic planting of tealeaves seedling, the planting efficiency of tealeaves seedling has been improved, the intensity of labour of tea grower has been alleviateed simultaneously.
Preferably, a cam is arranged below the driving gear; the cam is fixedly connected to a rotating shaft of the motor, and a first air bag is arranged on the right side of the cam; the first air bag is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the right side of the shell and is sequentially connected with the one-way valve, the air storage tank, the electromagnetic valve and the cylinder body through an air pipe; during operation, the motor drives the cam below to rotate, the air bag on the right side is continuously extruded by the cam, the compressed gas is stored in the gas storage tank by the air bag, after the depth of excavation reaches the standard, the controller controls the electromagnetic valve to be opened, the cylinder rod of the air cylinder is controlled by the electromagnetic valve to be pushed and extended, and then the energy is input into the reduced equipment, and a large amount of energy is saved.
Preferably, a second air bag is arranged above the rotary cylinder; the lower end of the second air bag is fixedly connected to the upper end face of the rotary cylinder, the upper end surface of the second air bag is in contact with the outer wall of the cooling cylinder, and the left side of the second air bag is provided with a swing plate; the middle part of the swinging plate is hinged on the outer wall of the cooling cylinder, the upper end of the swinging plate is connected with the outer wall of the cooling cylinder through a spring, and the lower end of the swinging plate is connected in a kidney-shaped hole at the right end of the baffle in a sliding manner; the left end of the baffle is connected in a sliding groove on the cooling cylinder in a sliding manner; when the cooling cylinder works, the air cylinder pushes the gear ring to move upwards so as to drive the rotating cylinder to move upwards, the rotating cylinder extrudes the second air bag above the rotating cylinder, the transverse size of the second air bag is increased after the second air bag is compressed, the second air bag extrudes the swinging plate, the swinging plate swings around the hinged part, the lower end of the swinging plate pulls the baffle to move rightwards, the water outlet hole of the cooling cylinder is opened, and water in the water outlet hole cools the outer wall of the rotating cylinder and moistens soil; the water outlet hole is opened after the pit is opened, so that the waste of water resources is avoided, and the utilization rate of the water resources is improved.
Preferably, a group of stirring rods is arranged in the water storage cavity at the upper end of the cooling cylinder; the stirring rod is rotatably connected in a mounting hole in the water storage cavity bottom plate, a group of fan blades are arranged on the cylindrical surface of the upper end of the stirring rod in a staggered mode, and the end head of the lower end of the stirring rod is fixedly connected to the end face of the upper end of the second magnet; a group of first magnets are arranged on the upper end face of the gear ring; the lower end face of the first magnet is fixedly connected to the upper end face of the gear ring, and the first magnet is arranged below the right side of the second magnet; the during operation, the motor passes through drive gear and drives the ring gear and rotate, and then the ring gear drives a magnet and rotates, again because magnet setting is in the right side below of No. two magnets, consequently can realize that magnet carries out discontinuous attraction to No. two magnet right sides, and No. two magnets receive discontinuous tangential appeal, and then realize that No. two magnets drive the stirring rod and rotate, and the flabellum of stirring rod upper end stirs the solution of water and chemical fertilizer in the retaining cavity, makes it realize even mixture.
Preferably, a group of cross bars are arranged on the cylindrical surface at the lower end of the rotary cylinder; the cross rod is inserted between the spiral plates on the rotary cylinder; during operation, a rotatory section of thick bamboo is reclaimed soil through the spiral plate, and the horizontal pole between the spiral plate can realize smashing the soil after the reclamation for soil in the pit is softer, makes soil be favorable to the growth of tealeaves seedling more.
Preferably, the conveying module comprises a fixed plate, a guide plate, an elastic corrugated plate, a magnetic soft rod and a magnetic disc, and the guide plate is arranged on the left side of the conveying cylinder; the guide plate is fixedly connected to the fixing plate through a connecting shaft on the upper end surface and the lower end surface; the left end of the fixed plate is fixedly connected to the cylindrical surface of the conveying cylinder; the surface of the guide plate is provided with an elastic corrugated plate; the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate can slide along the outer surface of the guide plate, and a group of magnetic soft rods is arranged on the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate; one end of the magnetic soft rod is fixedly connected to the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate; a magnetic disc is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the lower end of the conveying cylinder; a cylindrical hole is formed in the middle of the magnetic disc; when the tea leaf seedling cooling device works, the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate slides along the surface of the guide plate, the magnetic soft rods on the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate are in a stretched state under the condition that the magnetic soft rods are not influenced by magnetism, and therefore tea leaf seedlings are extruded on the surface of the guide plate, the elastic corrugated plate drives the tea leaf seedlings to move rightwards, when the elastic corrugated plate moves into the conveying cylinder, the magnetic disc at the lower end of the conveying cylinder attracts the magnetic soft rods on the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate, the magnetic soft rods incline downwards, and the tea leaf seedlings lose the extrusion force of the magnetic soft rods, so that the tea leaf seedlings automatically fall into the bottom; soft pole of magnetism can effectually press from both sides tightly the tealeaves seedling on the one hand, and on the other hand can effectively, take off the tealeaves seedling from the elasticity buckled plate fast through the magnetism disc, very big improvement the work efficiency of equipment.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the invention, the lower end of the conveying cylinder is fixedly connected with the upper end of the cooling cylinder, the outer wall of the lower end of the cooling cylinder is in contact fit with the inner wall of the rotating cylinder, the upper end of the cooling cylinder is provided with the water storage cavity, the lower end of the water storage cavity of the cooling cylinder is provided with the water outlet hole, the water outlet hole at the lower end of the cooling cylinder is arranged on the cylindrical surface of the cooling cylinder, the lower end of the rotating cylinder is uniformly provided with a group of stirring plates, water in the water storage cavity at the upper end of the cooling cylinder flows into the pit along the water outlet hole, on one hand, heat generated by friction between the rotating cylinder and soil is taken away, on the other hand, the soil is moistened, so that the; through being equipped with transport module in the left side of a transfer cylinder, realize the automatic planting of tealeaves seedling, improved the planting efficiency of tealeaves seedling, alleviateed tea grower's intensity of labour simultaneously.
2. According to the invention, the water storage cavity at the upper end of the cooling cylinder is internally provided with the stirring rod, the lower end head of the stirring rod is fixedly connected with the end surface at the upper end of the second magnet, the upper end surface of the gear ring is provided with the first magnet, the first magnet is arranged below the right side of the second magnet, the first magnet can attract the right side of the second magnet discontinuously, the second magnet is subjected to discontinuous tangential attraction, the second magnet can drive the stirring rod to rotate, and the fan blades at the upper end of the stirring rod can stir the water and the solution of the chemical fertilizer in the water storage cavity, so that the water and the solution of the chemical fertilizer can be mixed uniformly.
3. According to the invention, the elastic corrugated plate is arranged on the surface of the guide plate, the group of magnetic soft rods are arranged on the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate, and the magnetic disc is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the lower end of the conveying cylinder, so that tea seedlings automatically fall into the bottom end of the cooling cylinder, on one hand, the magnetic soft rods can effectively clamp the tea seedlings, on the other hand, the tea seedlings can be effectively and quickly taken down from the elastic corrugated plate through the magnetic disc, and the working efficiency of the equipment is greatly improved.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken at A-A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view at B in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view at C of FIG. 1;
in the figure: the device comprises a shell 1, a conveying cylinder 2, a rotating cylinder 3, a spiral plate 31, a second air bag 32, a swinging plate 33, a baffle 34, a cross rod 35, a poking plate 4, a cooling cylinder 5, a water storage cavity 51, a water outlet hole 52, a stirring rod 53, a second magnet 54, a first magnet 55, a driving gear 6, a cam 61, a first air bag 62, a gear ring 7, an air cylinder 8, a conveying module 9, a fixing plate 91, a guide plate 92, an elastic corrugated plate 93, a magnetic soft rod 94, a magnetic disc 95 and a motor 10.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the tea seedling planting device of the present invention comprises a housing 1, a conveying cylinder 2, a rotary cylinder 3, a toggle plate 4, a cooling cylinder 5, a motor 10, a driving gear 6, a gear ring 7, an air cylinder 8, and a conveying module 9, wherein the conveying cylinder 2 is arranged on a top plate of the housing 1; the cylindrical surface at the lower end of the conveying cylinder 2 is fixedly connected to the top plate of the shell 1, and the left side of the conveying cylinder 2 is provided with a conveying module 9; the conveying module 9 is used for conveying tea seedlings into the conveying cylinder 2; the lower end of the conveying cylinder 2 is fixedly connected with the upper end of a cooling cylinder 5; the outer wall of the lower end of the cooling cylinder 5 is in contact fit with the inner wall of the rotary cylinder 3, the upper end of the cooling cylinder 5 is provided with a water storage cavity 51, the lower end of the water storage cavity 51 of the cooling cylinder 5 is provided with a water outlet hole 52, and the water outlet hole 52 at the lower end of the cooling cylinder 5 is arranged on the cylindrical surface of the cooling cylinder 5; the outer wall of the upper end of the rotary drum 3 is fixedly connected with a gear ring 7; the gear ring 7 is in meshing transmission with the driving gear 6; the driving gear 6 is fixedly connected to the end of a rotating shaft of the motor 10; the motor 10 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the right side of the shell 1 through a mounting seat; a group of cylinders 8 are uniformly arranged below the gear ring 7; the cylinder body of the cylinder 8 is fixedly connected to the bottom plate of the shell 1, the end of the cylinder rod of the cylinder 8 is arranged to be a spherical surface, and the end of the cylinder rod of the cylinder 8 is in contact fit with the lower end surface of the gear ring 7; the outer wall of the middle part of the rotary drum 3 is in contact fit with the inner wall of the mounting hole on the bottom plate of the shell 1, the outer wall of the lower end of the rotary drum 3 is provided with a spiral plate 31, and the lower end of the rotary drum 3 is uniformly provided with a group of poking plates 4; the upper end of the poking plate 4 is hinged to the lower end part of the rotary drum 3, a rectangular bulge is arranged at the upper end of the poking plate 4, and a spring is arranged between the rectangular bulge of the poking plate 4 and the side wall of the rectangular groove at the lower end of the rotary drum 3; during operation, the motor 10 drives the driving gear 6 to rotate, the driving gear 6 is meshed with the gear ring 7 to drive the rotary cylinder 3 to rotate, the spiral plate 31 at the lower end of the rotary cylinder 3 rotates out of the pit on the ground, water in the water storage cavity 51 at the upper end of the cooling cylinder 5 flows into the pit along the water outlet hole 52 in the rotating process of the rotary cylinder 3, on one hand, heat generated by friction between the rotary cylinder 3 and soil is taken away, on the other hand, the soil is moistened, the spiral plate 31 on the rotary cylinder 3 is convenient to cultivate, and meanwhile, the moistened soil is more beneficial to growth of tea seedlings; when the depth of digging reaches the standard, motor 10 stall, controller control transport module 9 conveys tealeaves seedling to transfer cylinder 2 in, tealeaves seedling gets into the bottom of cooling cylinder 5 along transfer cylinder 2, the main equipment drives casing 1 and upwards removes, the ejecting jar pole of controller control cylinder 8 simultaneously, and then jar pole promotes ring gear 7 and upwards removes, ring gear 7 drives rotatory section of thick bamboo 3 and upwards removes, and then the lower extreme extrusion stirring board 4 of cooling cylinder 5 in the rotatory section of thick bamboo 3, stirring board 4 swings, and then tealeaves seedling falls into in the pit after passing between stirring board 4, after the lower extreme of rotatory section of thick bamboo 3 leaves the pit, the automatic landing of soil in the pit is gone down and is covered the root of tealeaves seedling, and then realize the automatic planting of tealeaves seedling, the planting efficiency of tealeaves seedling has been improved, the intensity of labour of tea grower has been alleviateed simultaneously.
As an embodiment of the present invention, a cam 61 is provided below the driving gear 6; the cam 61 is fixedly connected to a rotating shaft of the motor 10, and a first air bag 62 is arranged on the right side of the cam 61; the first air bag 62 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the right side of the shell 1, and the first air bag 62 is sequentially connected with a one-way valve, an air storage tank, an electromagnetic valve and an air cylinder 8 through an air pipe; during operation, motor 10 drives the cam 61 rotation of below, and the continuous extrusion right side of cam 61 gasbag 62, gasbag 62 with compressed gas storage in the gas holder, after the degree of depth of digging reached the standard, controller control solenoid valve opened, and solenoid valve control cylinder 8's jar pole top is stretched, and then the input of the energy in the equipment that reduces, and then realizes saving a large amount of energy.
As an embodiment of the present invention, a second air bag 32 is disposed above the rotary drum 3; the lower end of the second air bag 32 is fixedly connected to the upper end face of the rotary cylinder 3, the upper end face of the second air bag 32 is in contact with the outer wall of the cooling cylinder 5, and the left side of the second air bag 32 is provided with a swinging plate 33; the middle part of the swinging plate 33 is hinged on the outer wall of the cooling cylinder 5, the upper end of the swinging plate 33 is connected with the outer wall of the cooling cylinder 5 through a spring, and the lower end of the swinging plate 33 is connected in a kidney-shaped hole at the right end of the baffle plate 34 in a sliding manner; the left end of the baffle 34 is connected in a sliding groove on the cooling cylinder 5 in a sliding way; during operation, the air cylinder 8 pushes the gear ring 7 to move upwards, so that the rotary cylinder 3 is driven to move upwards, the rotary cylinder 3 extrudes the second air bag 32 above the rotary cylinder, the transverse size of the second air bag 32 is increased after the second air bag is compressed, the second air bag 32 extrudes the swinging plate 33, the swinging plate 33 swings around the hinged part, the baffle 34 is pulled by the lower end of the swinging plate 33 to move rightwards, the water outlet 52 of the cooling cylinder 5 is opened, and water in the water outlet 52 cools the outer wall of the rotary cylinder 3 and moistens soil; the water outlet hole 52 is opened after the pit is opened, so that the waste of water resources is avoided, and the utilization rate of the water resources is improved.
As an embodiment of the invention, a group of stirring rods 53 are arranged in the water storage cavity 51 at the upper end of the cooling cylinder 5; the stirring rod 53 is rotatably connected in a mounting hole in the bottom plate of the water storage cavity 51, a group of fan blades are arranged on the cylindrical surface of the upper end of the stirring rod 53 in a staggered mode, and the end head of the lower end of the stirring rod is fixedly connected to the end face of the upper end of the second magnet 54; a group of first magnets 55 are arranged on the upper end surface of the gear ring 7; the lower end face of the first magnet 55 is fixedly connected to the upper end face of the gear ring 7, and the first magnet 55 is arranged below the right side of the second magnet 54; during operation, motor 10 drives ring gear 7 through drive gear 6 and rotates, and then ring gear 7 drives a magnet 55 and rotates, again because a magnet 55 sets up in the right side below No. two magnet 54, consequently can realize that magnet 55 carries out discontinuous attraction to No. two magnet 54 right sides, No. two magnet 54 receives discontinuous tangential attraction, and then realize that No. two magnet 54 drives stirring rod 53 and rotates, the flabellum of stirring rod 53 upper end stirs the solution of water and chemical fertilizer in retaining chamber 51, makes it realize even mixture.
As an embodiment of the present invention, a set of cross bars 35 is disposed on the lower cylindrical surface of the rotary drum 3; the cross bar 35 is inserted between the spiral plates 31 on the rotary cylinder 3; during operation, rotatory section of thick bamboo 3 is reclaimed soil through spiral plate 31, and horizontal pole 35 between the spiral plate 31 can realize smashing the soil after the reclamation for soil in the pit is softer, makes soil be favorable to the growth of tealeaves seedling more.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the conveying module 9 includes a fixing plate 91, a guide plate 92, an elastic corrugated plate 93, a magnetic soft rod 94, and a magnetic disc 95, and the guide plate 92 is disposed on the left side of the conveying cylinder 2; the guide plate 92 is fixedly connected to the fixing plate 91 through a connecting shaft on the upper end surface and the lower end surface; the left end of the fixing plate 91 is fixedly connected to the cylindrical surface of the conveying cylinder 2; the surface of the guide plate 92 is provided with an elastic corrugated plate 93; the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate 93 can slide along the outer surface of the guide plate 92, and a group of magnetic soft rods 94 are arranged on the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate 93; one end of the magnetic soft rod 94 is fixedly connected to the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate 93; a magnetic disc 95 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the lower end of the conveying cylinder 2; a cylindrical hole is formed in the middle of the magnetic disc 95; when the tea seedling cooling device works, the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate 93 slides along the surface of the guide plate 92, the magnetic soft rods 94 on the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate 93 are in a stretched state under the condition that the magnetic soft rods are not affected, so that tea seedlings are extruded on the surface of the guide plate 92, the elastic corrugated plate 93 drives the tea seedlings to move rightwards, when the elastic corrugated plate 93 moves into the conveying cylinder 2, the magnetic disc 95 at the lower end of the conveying cylinder 2 attracts the magnetic soft rods 94 on the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate 93, the magnetic soft rods 94 incline downwards, and the tea seedlings lose the extrusion force of the magnetic soft rods 94, so that the tea seedlings automatically fall into the bottom end of the cooling cylinder 5; soft pole 94 of magnetism can be effectual press from both sides tightly the tealeaves seedling on the one hand, and on the other hand can be effectively, take off the tealeaves seedling from elastic corrugated plate 93 fast through magnetism disc 95, very big improvement the work efficiency of equipment.
When the device works, the motor 10 drives the driving gear 6 to rotate, the driving gear 6 is meshed with the gear ring 7 to drive the rotary cylinder 3 to rotate, the spiral plate 31 at the lower end of the rotary cylinder 3 rotates out of a pit on the ground, meanwhile, the gear ring 7 drives the first magnet 55 to rotate, and the first magnet 55 is arranged at the lower right part of the second magnet 54, so that the first magnet 55 can intermittently attract the right side of the second magnet 54, the second magnet 54 is intermittently attracted tangentially, the second magnet 54 drives the stirring rod 53 to rotate, and the fan blade at the upper end of the stirring rod 53 can stir the water and the solution of the chemical fertilizer in the water storage cavity 51, so that the water and the solution of the chemical fertilizer are uniformly mixed; meanwhile, the motor 10 drives the cam 61 at the lower part to rotate, the cam 61 continuously extrudes the first air bag 62 at the right side, and the first air bag 62 stores compressed gas in the gas storage tank; in the rotating process of the rotary drum 3, water in the water storage cavity 51 at the upper end of the cooling drum 5 flows into the pit along the water outlet hole 52, so that heat generated by friction between the rotary drum 3 and soil is taken away, the soil is moistened, the spiral plate 31 on the rotary drum 3 is convenient to cultivate, and meanwhile, the moistened soil is more beneficial to growth of tea seedlings; when the cutting depth reaches the standard, the motor 10 stops rotating, the controller controls the conveying module 9 to convey tea seedlings into the conveying cylinder 2, the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate 93 slides along the surface of the guide plate 92, the magnetic soft rod 94 on the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate 93 is in a straightening state under the condition of not being influenced by magnetism, the tea seedlings are extruded on the surface of the guide plate 92, the elastic corrugated plate 93 drives the tea seedlings to move rightwards, when the elastic corrugated plate 93 moves into the conveying cylinder 2, the magnetic disc 95 at the lower end of the conveying cylinder 2 attracts the magnetic soft rod 94 on the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate 93, the magnetic soft rod 94 inclines downwards, the tea seedlings lose the extrusion force of the magnetic soft rod 94, therefore, the tea seedlings automatically fall into the bottom end of the cooling cylinder 5, then, the main equipment drives the shell 1 to move upwards, and the controller controls the electromagnetic valve to be opened at the same, the electromagnetic valve controls the top extension of a cylinder rod of the air cylinder 8, the cylinder rod pushes the gear ring 7 to move upwards, the gear ring 7 drives the rotary cylinder 3 to move upwards, the rotary cylinder 3 extrudes the second air bag 32 above, the transverse size of the second air bag 32 is increased after the second air bag is compressed, the second air bag 32 extrudes the swinging plate 33, the swinging plate 33 swings around the hinged part, the lower end of the swinging plate 33 pulls the baffle 34 to move rightwards, the water outlet hole 52 of the cooling cylinder 5 is opened, and water in the water outlet hole 52 cools the outer wall of the rotary cylinder 3 and moistens soil; simultaneously, the lower end of the cooling cylinder 5 in the rotary cylinder 3 extrudes the stirring plate 4, the stirring plate 4 swings, so that tea seedlings pass through the stirring plate 4 and then fall into the pits, and after the lower end of the rotary cylinder 3 leaves the pits, soil in the pits automatically slides down to cover the roots of the tea seedlings, so that automatic planting of the tea seedlings is realized, the planting efficiency of the tea seedlings is improved, and the labor intensity of tea growers is reduced.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a tea seedling planting equipment, includes casing (1), motor (10), its characterized in that: the automatic feeding device is characterized by further comprising a conveying cylinder (2), a rotating cylinder (3), a poking plate (4), a cooling cylinder (5), a driving gear (6), a gear ring (7), an air cylinder (8) and a conveying module (9), wherein the conveying cylinder (2) is arranged on a top plate of the shell (1); the cylindrical surface at the lower end of the conveying cylinder (2) is fixedly connected to the top plate of the shell (1), and the left side of the conveying cylinder (2) is provided with a conveying module (9); the conveying module (9) is used for conveying tea seedlings into the conveying cylinder (2); the lower end of the conveying cylinder (2) is fixedly connected with the upper end of the cooling cylinder (5); the outer wall of the lower end of the cooling cylinder (5) is in contact fit with the inner wall of the rotary cylinder (3), the upper end of the cooling cylinder (5) is provided with a water storage cavity (51), the lower end of the water storage cavity (51) of the cooling cylinder (5) is provided with a water outlet hole (52), and the water outlet hole (52) of the lower end of the cooling cylinder (5) is arranged on the cylindrical surface of the cooling cylinder (5); the outer wall of the upper end of the rotary cylinder (3) is fixedly connected with a gear ring (7); the gear ring (7) is in meshing transmission with the driving gear (6); the driving gear (6) is fixedly connected to the end of a rotating shaft of the motor (10); the motor (10) is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the right side of the shell (1) through a mounting seat; a group of cylinders (8) are uniformly arranged below the gear ring (7); the cylinder body of the air cylinder (8) is fixedly connected to the bottom plate of the shell (1), the end of a cylinder rod of the air cylinder (8) is arranged to be a spherical surface, and the end of the cylinder rod of the air cylinder (8) is in contact fit with the lower end surface of the gear ring (7); the outer wall of the middle part of the rotary drum (3) is in contact fit with the inner wall of the mounting hole on the bottom plate of the shell (1), the outer wall of the lower end of the rotary drum (3) is provided with a spiral plate (31), and the lower end of the rotary drum (3) is uniformly provided with a group of poking plates (4); the upper end of the poking plate (4) is hinged to the end part of the lower end of the rotary barrel (3), the upper end of the poking plate (4) is provided with a rectangular bulge, and a spring is arranged between the rectangular bulge of the poking plate (4) and the side wall of the rectangular groove at the lower end of the rotary barrel (3).
2. The tea seedling planting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: a cam (61) is arranged below the driving gear (6); the cam (61) is fixedly connected to a rotating shaft of the motor (10), and a first air bag (62) is arranged on the right side of the cam (61); a gasbag (62) fixed connection is on the right side inner wall of casing (1), and a gasbag (62) connects gradually check valve, gas holder, solenoid valve, cylinder (8) cylinder body through the trachea.
3. The tea seedling planting apparatus according to claim 2, wherein: a second air bag (32) is arranged above the rotary cylinder (3); the lower end of the second air bag (32) is fixedly connected to the upper end face of the rotary cylinder (3), the upper end face of the second air bag (32) is in contact with the outer wall of the cooling cylinder (5), and a swinging plate (33) is arranged on the left side of the second air bag (32); the middle part of the swinging plate (33) is hinged on the outer wall of the cooling cylinder (5), the upper end of the swinging plate (33) is connected with the outer wall of the cooling cylinder (5) through a spring, and the lower end of the swinging plate (33) is connected in a kidney-shaped hole at the right end of the baffle plate (34) in a sliding manner; the left end of the baffle (34) is connected in a sliding groove on the cooling cylinder (5) in a sliding manner.
4. The tea seedling planting apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: a group of stirring rods (53) are arranged in a water storage cavity (51) at the upper end of the cooling cylinder (5); the stirring rod (53) is rotatably connected in a mounting hole in a bottom plate of the water storage cavity (51), a group of fan blades are arranged on the cylindrical surface of the upper end of the stirring rod (53) in a staggered mode, and the end head of the lower end of the stirring rod is fixedly connected to the end face of the upper end of the second magnet (54); a group of first magnets (55) are arranged on the upper end surface of the gear ring (7); the lower end face of the first magnet (55) is fixedly connected to the upper end face of the gear ring (7), and the first magnet (55) is arranged below the right side of the second magnet (54).
5. The tea seedling planting apparatus according to claim 4, wherein: a group of cross rods (35) are arranged on the cylindrical surface at the lower end of the rotary drum (3); the cross rod (35) is arranged between the spiral plates (31) on the rotary cylinder (3) in an inserting mode.
6. The tea seedling planting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the conveying module (9) comprises a fixing plate (91), a guide plate (92), an elastic corrugated plate (93), a magnetic soft rod (94) and a magnetic disc (95), and the guide plate (92) is arranged on the left side of the conveying cylinder (2); the guide plate (92) is fixedly connected to the fixing plate (91) through connecting shafts on the upper end surface and the lower end surface; the left end of the fixing plate (91) is fixedly connected to the cylindrical surface of the conveying cylinder (2); the surface of the guide plate (92) is provided with an elastic corrugated plate (93); the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate (93) can slide along the outer surface of the guide plate (92), and a group of magnetic soft rods (94) are arranged on the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate (93); one end of the magnetic soft rod (94) is fixedly connected to the inner side surface of the elastic corrugated plate (93); a magnetic disc (95) is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the lower end of the conveying cylinder (2); the middle part of the magnetic disc (95) is provided with a cylindrical hole.
CN201811021419.XA 2018-09-03 2018-09-03 Tea seedling planting equipment Active CN109122193B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN111819969A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-10-27 广州浰江软件开发有限责任公司 Seedling transplanter

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JPH0823797A (en) * 1994-07-08 1996-01-30 Komatsu Zenoah Co Device for transplanting tree
CN103004329B (en) * 2013-01-17 2014-10-01 山东理工大学 Planting digging machine drill with variable diameter
CN203327507U (en) * 2013-06-18 2013-12-11 安徽惊天液压智控股份有限公司 Planting and earth-boring machine for excavator
CN205052145U (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-03-02 云南省农业科学院茶叶研究所 Planter is transplanted to simple and easy tea seedling
CN107173223B (en) * 2017-05-22 2019-01-08 杭州树联园艺科技有限公司 A kind of cultivation of plants method
CN107960176B (en) * 2017-11-23 2021-01-15 梧州市雅正农业科技有限公司 Tea seedling planting equipment

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