CN109114663A - Utilize the energy-saving heating system and method for infrared measurement of temperature - Google Patents

Utilize the energy-saving heating system and method for infrared measurement of temperature Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109114663A
CN109114663A CN201810822414.0A CN201810822414A CN109114663A CN 109114663 A CN109114663 A CN 109114663A CN 201810822414 A CN201810822414 A CN 201810822414A CN 109114663 A CN109114663 A CN 109114663A
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heating
temperature
anchor point
motor
infrared
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Granted
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CN201810822414.0A
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CN109114663B (en
Inventor
叶必卿
夏卫海
陈文庆
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Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
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Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D19/00Details
    • F24D19/10Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • F24F11/63Electronic processing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/72Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure
    • F24F11/79Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure for controlling the direction of the supplied air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/80Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the temperature of the supplied air
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01JMEASUREMENT OF INTENSITY, VELOCITY, SPECTRAL CONTENT, POLARISATION, PHASE OR PULSE CHARACTERISTICS OF INFRA-RED, VISIBLE OR ULTRA-VIOLET LIGHT; COLORIMETRY; RADIATION PYROMETRY
    • G01J5/00Radiation pyrometry
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D2220/00Components of central heating installations excluding heat sources
    • F24D2220/04Sensors
    • F24D2220/042Temperature sensors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • F24F2110/10Temperature
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2120/00Control inputs relating to users or occupants
    • F24F2120/10Occupancy
    • F24F2120/12Position of occupants

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of energy-saving heating system and method using infrared measurement of temperature, including positioning device, temperature measuring device, coordinated control system and heating device, location information is sent to coordinated control system for positioning to human body by positioning device;Temperature measuring device measures human peripheral's environment temperature, and temperature information is transmitted to coordinated control system;Coordinated control system receives the location information and temperature information of people, and coordinated control system needs one or several heating devices of work to move to designated position according to the control of the location information of people;Temperature information is sent to coordinated control system by temperature measuring device real-time measurement people's ambient temperature, and coordinated control system adjusts the operating power of heating device according to Current Temperatures;The present invention to personnel positioning in region and can measure people's ambient temperature, and heating device is moved near personnel, directly heat to the region around people, realize the function of automatic tracing heating.

Description

Utilize the energy-saving heating system and method for infrared measurement of temperature
Technical field
The present invention relates to heating fields, more specifically, more particularly to a kind of energy-saving heating system using infrared measurement of temperature And method.
Background technique
Heating system refers to through artificial means, and the temperature of the air of environment in building or structures is adjusted and is controlled The process of system with the progress of society and the development of science and technology, in most large-scale occasions, such as school, factory or is write In building, heating system is all had been widely used.
With becoming increasingly conspicuous for energy problem, using the saving of the energy just seems particularly necessary, and existing heating is System such as air-conditioning system is heated to whole region, such as the air-conditioning in factory or the air-conditioning in megastore, heating or Person's cooling is that entire factory area or market region are heated up or cooled down, and the temperature-rise period speed is slow, heating time Long, energy consumption is high, and can also whole region be heated by only having less number even in region, or even is also required to very at nobody Heating system could be completely closed long, it is easy to resource be caused largely to waste.
Existing heating system and there is no in big region monomer or a small amount of target carry out specific aim part temperature The function of control is spent, therefore will greatly reduce the energy consumption of heating system in large area to the research of the direction, it is right The sustainable development of the energy has particularly important meaning.
Summary of the invention
It is to caused by whole region heating it is an object of the invention to solve existing heating system such as air-conditioning system The problem of heating rate is slow, heating time has been grown, energy consumption is high proposes and a kind of utilizes the energy-saving heating system of infrared measurement of temperature and side Method to personnel positioning in the region and can measure people's ambient temperature, according to the position of personnel in region and surrounding temperature The quantity that the position and direction of degree adjustment heating device, heating temperature, heating device work is to realize automatic tracing heating Function.
The present invention through the following technical solutions to achieve the above objectives: a kind of energy-saving heating system using infrared measurement of temperature, Including positioning device, temperature measuring device, coordinated control system and heating device, the positioning device is for determining human body Position, and location information is sent to coordinated control system;The temperature measuring device measures human peripheral's environment temperature, by temperature Information is transmitted to coordinated control system;The coordinated control system receives the location information and temperature information of people, coordinated control system System needs one or several heating devices of work to move to designated position according to the control of the location information of people;Temperature measurement dress Real-time measurement people's ambient temperature is set, temperature information is sent to coordinated control system, coordinated control system is according to current temperature The operating power of degree adjustment heating device;
The positioning device is positioned using super-broadband tech, that is, UWB technology, and positioning device is by sending and receiving tool There are nanosecond or nanosecond ultra-narrow pulse below to transmit data;Positioning device includes label, anchor point and location-server, label It is mobile and unknown coordinate object to be positioned, anchor point is node known to self-position or absolute coordinate, including several From anchor point and Bower Anchor point, directly and label communication completion ranging process, Bower Anchor point are responsible for collecting the ranging knot from anchor point from anchor point Fruit filters out null result, and is sent to location-server after preliminary data arrangement and carries out location Calculation, and sending time Calibration packet is given from anchor point to synchronize.Location-server calculates positioning result by the ranging information that Bower Anchor point is sent;
The temperature measuring device surveys target environment temperature using the noncontact measuring method of infrared radiation temperature method Amount, by infrared temperature sensor on the comprehensive holder that can be rotated but also be rotated on vertical guide in the horizontal plane, Encoder is loaded onto using motor control cloud platform rotation and in revolvable both direction, the encoder on horizontal plane can obtain The angle in infrared sensor direction in the horizontal plane and due north, the encoder on vertical guide can obtain the side of infrared sensor It needs to adjust infrared when needing to adjust infrared sensor direction makes some position of its face to the angle between plumb line The angle of angle between the direction and plumb line of sensor and direction and due north in the horizontal plane, i.e. control motor make level The output of two encoders on face and vertical guide reaches certain value;
The heating device is infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and heating device motion mode is that translation is combined with rotation, is being added The lower section of thermal is laid with fixed track, and track is integrally in circular ring shape, and at the axle center of track one end of hinged shaft, turns The other end of axis is provided with motor, and wheel is equipped on the motor head of motor, and wheel is arranged in orbit, and motor drives wheel to turn Wheel orbital motion when dynamic, so that shaft be driven to make rotating motion around the axle center of track;Be also equipped on heating device motor and Wheel, heating device are mounted in shaft, and heating device is moved in a straight line in shaft by motor and wheel;On heating device Motor and shaft one end motor associated movement when, heating device can rest on track interior any one point position; When needing to heat some position, need to heat after heating device to be moved to the position;
Further, whole region being separated into several sub-regions, multiple heating devices are responsible for heating a sub-regions, when When number is more than heating device in subregion, system control sytsem is equal according to obtained heat per capita, the maximum principle of gross energy Calculate the position of heating device;When number is less equal than heating device in subregion, everyone configures one or more heating Device, heating device are moved as the position of personnel is mobile.
A kind of energy-saving heating means using infrared measurement of temperature, include the following steps: that positioning device in real time determines target Position, is sent to coordinated control system for location information;Coordinated control system needs work according to the control of the location information of target One or several heating devices move to designated position;Temperature measuring device real-time measurement target ambient temperature, will be warm Degree information is sent to coordinated control system;Coordinated control system adjusts the operating power of heating device according to Current Temperatures;
The positioning device is positioned using super-broadband tech, that is, UWB technology, and positioning device is by sending and receiving tool There are nanosecond or nanosecond ultra-narrow pulse below to transmit data;Positioning device includes label, anchor point and location-server, label It is mobile and unknown coordinate target to be positioned, anchor point is node known to self-position or absolute coordinate, including several It is a from anchor point and Bower Anchor point, directly and label communication completion ranging process, Bower Anchor point are responsible for collecting the ranging from anchor point from anchor point When as a result, being filtered out to null result, and being sent to location-server after preliminary data arrangement and carry out location Calculation, and sending Between calibration packet to from anchor point to synchronize.Location-server calculates positioning result by the ranging information that Bower Anchor point is sent;
The temperature measuring device surveys target environment temperature using the noncontact measuring method of infrared radiation temperature method Amount, by infrared temperature sensor on the comprehensive holder that can be rotated but also be rotated on vertical guide in the horizontal plane, Encoder is loaded onto using motor control cloud platform rotation and in revolvable both direction, the encoder on horizontal plane can obtain The angle in infrared sensor direction in the horizontal plane and due north, the encoder on vertical guide can obtain the side of infrared sensor It needs to adjust infrared when needing to adjust infrared sensor direction makes some position of its face to the angle between plumb line The angle of angle between the direction and plumb line of sensor and direction and due north in the horizontal plane, i.e. control motor make level The output of two encoders on face and vertical guide reaches certain value;
The heating device is infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and heating device motion mode is that translation is combined with rotation, is being added The lower section of thermal is laid with fixed track, and track is integrally in circular ring shape, and at the axle center of track one end of hinged shaft, turns The other end of axis is provided with motor, and wheel is equipped on the motor head of motor, and wheel is arranged in orbit, and motor drives wheel to turn Wheel orbital motion when dynamic, so that shaft be driven to make rotating motion around the axle center of track;Be also equipped on heating device motor and Wheel, heating device are mounted in shaft, and heating device is moved in a straight line in shaft by motor and wheel;On heating device Motor and shaft one end motor associated movement when, heating device can rest on track interior any one point position; When needing to heat some position, need to heat after heating device to be moved to the position;
When heating device is infrared lamp, infrared lamp radiant illumination value q and the point to infrared lamp axes that certain point receives Distance r is related with heated current I, the infrared lamp radiant illumination value received at certain point:
Q=f (r, I);
When heating device is hot-air mouth, certain per unit area heater power P for receiving of point and the point to hot-air mouth away from From l, wind velocity v is related with leaving air temp t out, received per unit area heater power at certain point:
P=f (l, v, t);
The effect of coordinated control system is to receive location information and temperature information, formulates the corresponding heating of control strategy control Device gives target heat supply;When one or more targets are in heating region, need to make the radiant illumination value at each target Or per unit area heater power reaches certain value;When having has m target in region, in order to reach heating demand, coordinated control System formulates control strategy, and control strategy is transmitted to the heating device for needing work;Control strategy includes which is controlled to add Thermal work and heating device are heated with great power;
Specific control strategy is as follows: when there are the heating device of multiple movements, the heat supply quantity of specific heating device And the selection of the heat supply heat of each heating device is as follows: assuming that there is n heating device, the number of heating device is respectively as follows: 1, L,n;M heating device therein is selected to be moved to m specified positions, the number of these positions distinguishes position are as follows: 1, L, m, Middle m≤n, the mobile cost that i-th of heating device is moved to position j is cij;xijFor decision variable, in 0 or 10 indicate i-th plus Thermal moves on to position j;Constraint condition isJ=1, L, m;I=1, L, n, xij=0or 1, whereinFor objective function, that is, minimizes and always move on to cost;J=1, L, m table Show move on to each position to heating device to quantity be 1;I=1, L, n indicate that each heating device can only at most move To a designated position, xijThe value range of the expression decision variable of=0or 1;Specific step is as follows:
Step1: each heating device i is calculatedAccording toValue rearrange correspondence from small to large Decision variable xi, whereinThe smallest x of valueiBecome x1, it is worth maximum xiBecome xn, one binary system of decision scheme Number X=(x1x2L xn)2It indicates, such as X=(00L 01)2Indicate that n-th of heating device after rearranging is opened, remaining pass It closes;
Step2: setting Y=∞,The scheme currently taken is X=(x1x2L xn)2=(00L 1)2;According to QjValue its constraint condition is ranked up from big to small, i.e. QjBe worth it is maximum be set as first constraint, it is secondary big to be set as second Constraint ..., it is the smallest to be set as the last one constraint;
Step3: the target function value of Current protocols is calculatedIf target function value is less than Y, then it is arranged first about Beam is present confinement, otherwise goes to Step6;
Step4: according to Current protocols X=(x1x2L xn)2Judge whether current constraints meet, turns if meeting To Step5, Step6 is otherwise gone to;
Step5: judge whether, if any then taking next constraint to be used as present confinement, to go to there are also constraining not check Step4;Otherwise optimizing decision scheme is updatedFor Current protocols X, enabling Y is the target function value of current decision making scheme X, is gone to Step6;
Step6: judge X+1≤(11L 1)2Whether meet, take next scheme if meeting, works as even X=X+1 is used as Front case, goes to Step3;Otherwise Step7 is gone to;
Step7: algorithm terminates, and exports optimizing decision schemeAnd corresponding optimal value Y, if Y=∞,Then Show problem without feasible solution.
Further, arrival time difference positioning algorithm i.e. TDOA location algorithm is used to calculate as the core of entire positioning device Method, TDOA location algorithm are to set up solution by a kind of mathematical model, and what it was mainly utilized is hyp in mathematics Characteristic, when there are two fixed points, another dynamic point can with the two fixed points on the hyperbola of focus, when simultaneously There are when data structure as such two groups or multiple groups, these hyp intersection points are exactly desired target object Position.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, the present invention to personnel positioning in region and can measure people's ambient temperature, according to the position of personnel in region It sets and ambient temperature adjusts the quantity etc. that the position and direction, heating temperature, heating device of heating device work, heating device moves It moves near personnel, directly the region around people is heated, the position and direction of heating device are moved with personnel, are realized automatic Track the function of heating.
2, the present invention can position personnel in the region in real time, and heating device can be moved with the position of personnel, realize Track the function of heating.
3, the present invention does not need to heat entire environment, only heats personnel peripheral region, heating rate is fast, heating time Short, energy consumption is few.
4, when the present invention is fewer in number in region, people's corresponding heating device work, remaining heating device can be to Machine state;When in the region nobody when, heating system stops working, effectively the drawbacks of solving existing heating system, reduction energy Consumption.
5, the present invention is positioned using UWB technology, and target carries label, its indoors high-precision fixed may be implemented Position, improves the accuracy of heating location.
6, the present invention realizes non-cpntact measurement using infrared temperature sensor measurement measurement target ambient temperature.
7, heating device of the invention uses infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and the Heating body as core is whole without movement Mechanical structure is simple, reduces overall cost.
8, the present invention adjusts heating power according to the temperature around target, improves the comfort level of target ambient enviroment.
9, the present invention is when destination number is less in subregion, the corresponding heating device work of target, remaining heating device It can be at standby mode;When in the region without target, heating system stops working, and effectively solves the disadvantage of existing heating system End reduces energy consumption.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is basic structure schematic diagram of the present invention using the energy-saving heating system of infrared measurement of temperature.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of positioning device of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is workflow schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of two heating devices of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings:
As shown in figures 1-4, a kind of energy-saving heating system using infrared measurement of temperature, including positioning device, temperature measurement dress It sets, location information is sent to association for positioning to human body by coordinated control system and heating device, the positioning device Adjust control system;The temperature measuring device measures human peripheral's environment temperature, and temperature information is transmitted to coordinated control system;Institute Location information and temperature information that coordinated control system receives people are stated, coordinated control system controls need according to the location information of people One or several to be worked heating device moves to designated position;Temperature measuring device real-time measurement people's ambient enviroment temperature Temperature information is sent to coordinated control system by degree, and coordinated control system adjusts the work function of heating device according to Current Temperatures Rate;
The positioning device is positioned using super-broadband tech, that is, UWB technology, and positioning device is by sending and receiving tool There are nanosecond or nanosecond ultra-narrow pulse below to transmit data;Positioning device includes label, anchor point and location-server, label It is mobile and unknown coordinate object to be positioned, anchor point is node known to self-position or absolute coordinate, including several From anchor point and Bower Anchor point, directly and label communication completion ranging process, Bower Anchor point are responsible for collecting the ranging knot from anchor point from anchor point Fruit filters out null result, and is sent to location-server after preliminary data arrangement and carries out location Calculation, and sending time Calibration packet is given from anchor point to synchronize.Location-server calculates positioning result by the ranging information that Bower Anchor point is sent;
The temperature measuring device surveys target environment temperature using the noncontact measuring method of infrared radiation temperature method Amount, by infrared temperature sensor on the comprehensive holder that can be rotated but also be rotated on vertical guide in the horizontal plane, Encoder is loaded onto using motor control cloud platform rotation and in revolvable both direction, the encoder on horizontal plane can obtain The angle in infrared sensor direction in the horizontal plane and due north, the encoder on vertical guide can obtain the side of infrared sensor It needs to adjust infrared when needing to adjust infrared sensor direction makes some position of its face to the angle between plumb line The angle of angle between the direction and plumb line of sensor and direction and due north in the horizontal plane, i.e. control motor make level The output of two encoders on face and vertical guide reaches certain value;
The heating device is infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and heating device motion mode is that translation is combined with rotation, is being added The lower section of thermal is laid with fixed track, and track is integrally in circular ring shape, and at the axle center of track one end of hinged shaft, turns The other end of axis is provided with motor, and wheel is equipped on the motor head of motor, and wheel is arranged in orbit, and motor drives wheel to turn Wheel orbital motion when dynamic, so that shaft be driven to make rotating motion around the axle center of track;Be also equipped on heating device motor and Wheel, heating device are mounted in shaft, and heating device is moved in a straight line in shaft by motor and wheel;On heating device Motor and shaft one end motor associated movement when, heating device can rest on track interior any one point position; When needing to heat some position, need to heat after heating device to be moved to the position.
Whole region is separated into several sub-regions, multiple heating devices are responsible for heating a sub-regions, when in subregion When number is more than heating device, system control sytsem is equal according to obtained heat per capita, and the maximum principle of gross energy calculates heating The position of device;When number is less equal than heating device in subregion, everyone configures one or more heating devices, heating Device is moved as the position of personnel is mobile.
Heating device 3, shaft 2, track 1 and holder collectively form heating equipment, and there is i heating equipment in each space, often A heating equipment has m shaft 2, and each shaft 2 distributes a heating device 3, which can be to the track interior area of coverage N people heats in domain;When heating device rotates, the position where people is heated by holder adjustment direction;It will add Thermal uses motor control cloud on the comprehensive holder that can be rotated but also rotate in the horizontal plane on vertical guide Platform rotates and loads onto encoder in revolvable both direction;Encoder on horizontal plane is known that heating device in level The angle in direction and due north on face, the encoder on vertical guide are known that the folder between the direction of heating device and plumb line Angle;When needing to adjust heating device direction makes some position of its face, need to adjust heating device direction and plumb line it Between angle and direction and direct north in a horizontal plane angle, i.e. control holder makes two on horizontal plane and vertical guide The output of encoder reaches certain value.
A kind of energy-saving heating means using infrared measurement of temperature, include the following steps: that positioning device in real time determines target Position, is sent to coordinated control system for location information;Coordinated control system needs work according to the control of the location information of target One or several heating devices move to designated position;Temperature measuring device real-time measurement target ambient temperature, will be warm Degree information is sent to coordinated control system;Coordinated control system adjusts the operating power of heating device according to Current Temperatures;
The positioning device is positioned using super-broadband tech, that is, UWB technology, and positioning device is by sending and receiving tool There are nanosecond or nanosecond ultra-narrow pulse below to transmit data;Positioning device includes label, anchor point and location-server, label It is mobile and unknown coordinate target to be positioned, anchor point is node known to self-position or absolute coordinate, including several It is a from anchor point and Bower Anchor point, directly and label communication completion ranging process, Bower Anchor point are responsible for collecting the ranging from anchor point from anchor point When as a result, being filtered out to null result, and being sent to location-server after preliminary data arrangement and carry out location Calculation, and sending Between calibration packet to from anchor point to synchronize.Location-server calculates positioning result by the ranging information that Bower Anchor point is sent;
The temperature measuring device surveys target environment temperature using the noncontact measuring method of infrared radiation temperature method Amount, by infrared temperature sensor on the comprehensive holder that can be rotated but also be rotated on vertical guide in the horizontal plane, Encoder is loaded onto using motor control cloud platform rotation and in revolvable both direction, the encoder on horizontal plane can obtain The angle in infrared sensor direction in the horizontal plane and due north, the encoder on vertical guide can obtain the side of infrared sensor It needs to adjust infrared when needing to adjust infrared sensor direction makes some position of its face to the angle between plumb line The angle of angle between the direction and plumb line of sensor and direction and due north in the horizontal plane, i.e. control motor make level The output of two encoders on face and vertical guide reaches certain value;
The heating device is infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and heating device motion mode is that translation is combined with rotation, is being added The lower section of thermal is laid with fixed track, and track is integrally in circular ring shape, and at the axle center of track one end of hinged shaft, turns The other end of axis is provided with motor, and wheel is equipped on the motor head of motor, and wheel is arranged in orbit, and motor drives wheel to turn Wheel orbital motion when dynamic, so that shaft be driven to make rotating motion around the axle center of track;Be also equipped on heating device motor and Wheel, heating device are mounted in shaft, and heating device is moved in a straight line in shaft by motor and wheel;On heating device Motor and shaft one end motor associated movement when, heating device can rest on track interior any one point position; When needing to heat some position, need to heat after heating device to be moved to the position;
When heating device is infrared lamp, infrared lamp radiant illumination value q and the point to infrared lamp axes that certain point receives Distance r is related with heated current I, the infrared lamp radiant illumination value received at certain point:
Q=f (r, I);
When heating device is hot-air mouth, certain per unit area heater power P for receiving of point and the point to hot-air mouth away from From l, wind velocity v is related with leaving air temp t out, received per unit area heater power at certain point:
P=f (l, v, t);
The effect of coordinated control system is to receive location information and temperature information, formulates the corresponding heating of control strategy control Device gives target heat supply;When one or more targets are in heating region, need to make the radiant illumination value at each target Or per unit area heater power reaches certain value;When having has m target in region, in order to reach heating demand, coordinated control System formulates control strategy, and control strategy is transmitted to the heating device for needing work;Control strategy includes which is controlled to add Thermal work and heating device are heated with great power;
Specific control strategy is as follows: when there are the heating device of multiple movements, the heat supply quantity of specific heating device And the selection of the heat supply heat of each heating device is as follows: assuming that there is n heating device, the number of heating device is respectively as follows: 1, L,n;M heating device therein is selected to be moved to m specified positions, the number of these positions distinguishes position are as follows: 1, L, m, Middle m≤n, the mobile cost that i-th of heating device is moved to position j is cij;xijFor decision variable, in 0 or 10 indicate i-th plus Thermal moves on to position j;Constraint condition isJ=1, L, m;I=1, L, n, xij=0or 1, whereinFor objective function, that is, minimizes and always move on to cost;J=1, L, m table Show move on to each position to heating device to quantity be 1;I=1, L, n indicate that each heating device can only at most move To a designated position, xijThe value range of the expression decision variable of=0or 1;Specific step is as follows:
Step1: each heating device i is calculatedAccording toValue rearrange correspondence from small to large Decision variable xi, whereinThe smallest x of valueiBecome x1, it is worth maximum xiBecome xn, one binary system of decision scheme Number X=(x1x2L xn)2It indicates, such as X=(00L 01)2Indicate that n-th of heating device after rearranging is opened, remaining pass It closes;
Step2: setting Y=∞,The scheme currently taken is X=(x1x2L xn)2=(00L 1)2;According to QjValue its constraint condition is ranked up from big to small, i.e. QjBe worth it is maximum be set as first constraint, it is secondary big to be set as second Constraint ..., it is the smallest to be set as the last one constraint;
Step3: the target function value of Current protocols is calculatedIf target function value is less than Y, then it is arranged first about Beam is present confinement, otherwise goes to Step6;
Step4: according to Current protocols X=(x1x2L xn)2Judge whether current constraints meet, turns if meeting To Step5, Step6 is otherwise gone to;
Step5: judge whether, if any then taking next constraint to be used as present confinement, to go to there are also constraining not check Step4;Otherwise optimizing decision scheme is updatedFor Current protocols X, enabling Y is the target function value of current decision making scheme X, is gone to Step6;
Step6: judge X+1≤(11L 1)2Whether meet, take next scheme if meeting, works as even X=X+1 is used as Front case, goes to Step3;Otherwise Step7 is gone to;
Step7: algorithm terminates, and exports optimizing decision schemeAnd corresponding optimal value Y, if Y=∞,Then Show problem without feasible solution.
Use arrival time difference positioning algorithm i.e. TDOA location algorithm as the core algorithm of entire positioning device, TDOA is fixed Position algorithm is to set up solution by a kind of mathematical model, and what it was mainly utilized is hyp characteristic in mathematics, when depositing When two fixed points, another dynamic point can with the two fixed points on the hyperbola of focus, when existing simultaneously in this way Two groups or multiple groups as data structure when, these hyp intersection points are exactly the position of desired target object.
Above-described embodiment is presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not a limitation on the technical scheme of the present invention, as long as Without the technical solution that creative work can be realized on the basis of the above embodiments, it is regarded as falling into the invention patent Rights protection scope in.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of energy-saving heating system using infrared measurement of temperature, it is characterised in that: including positioning device, temperature measuring device, association Control system and heating device are adjusted, the positioning device is sent to coordination control for positioning to human body, and by location information System processed;The temperature measuring device measures human peripheral's environment temperature, and temperature information is transmitted to coordinated control system;The association Control system is adjusted to receive the location information and temperature information of people, coordinated control system needs work according to the control of the location information of people One or several heating devices made move to designated position;Temperature measuring device real-time measurement people's ambient temperature, will Temperature information is sent to coordinated control system, and coordinated control system adjusts the operating power of heating device according to Current Temperatures;
The positioning device is positioned using super-broadband tech, that is, UWB technology, and positioning device is received by sending and receiving to have Second or nanosecond ultra-narrow pulse below transmit data;Positioning device includes label, anchor point and location-server, and label is to move Dynamic and unknown coordinate object to be positioned, anchor point is node known to self-position or absolute coordinate, including several are from anchor Point and Bower Anchor point, from anchor point directly and label communication completion ranging process, Bower Anchor point is responsible for collecting the distance measurement result from anchor point, right Null result is filtered out, and is sent to location-server after preliminary data arrangement and is carried out location Calculation, and send time calibration Wrap to from anchor point to synchronize;Location-server calculates positioning result by the ranging information that Bower Anchor point is sent;
The temperature measuring device measures target environment temperature using the noncontact measuring method of infrared radiation temperature method, will Infrared temperature sensor uses electricity on the comprehensive holder that can be rotated but also rotate in the horizontal plane on vertical guide Machine control cloud platform rotation simultaneously loads onto encoder in revolvable both direction, and the encoder on horizontal plane can obtain infrared biography The angle in sensor direction in the horizontal plane and due north, the encoder on vertical guide can obtain direction and the lead of infrared sensor Angle between vertical line needs to adjust infrared sensor when needing to adjust infrared sensor direction makes some position of its face Direction and plumb line between angle and direction and due north in the horizontal plane angle, i.e., control motor make horizontal plane and lead The output of two encoders on vertical plane reaches certain value;
The heating device is infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and heating device motion mode is that translation is combined with rotation, is filled in heating The lower section set is laid with fixed track, and track is integrally in circular ring shape, and at the axle center of track one end of hinged shaft, shaft The other end is provided with motor, and wheel is equipped on the motor head of motor, and wheel is arranged in orbit, when motor drives wheel rotation Wheel orbital motion, so that shaft be driven to make rotating motion around the axle center of track;Motor and wheel are also equipped on heating device, Heating device is mounted in shaft, and heating device is moved in a straight line in shaft by motor and wheel;Electricity on heating device When machine and the motor associated movement of shaft one end, heating device can rest on the position of any one point of track interior;When need When heating some position, need to heat after heating device to be moved to the position.
2. the energy-saving heating system according to claim 1 using infrared measurement of temperature, it is characterised in that: separate whole region Several sub-regions, multiple heating devices are responsible for heating a sub-regions, when number is more than heating device in subregion, system Control system is equal according to obtained heat per capita, and the maximum principle of gross energy calculates the position of heating device;As people in subregion When number is less equal than heating device, everyone configures one or more heating devices, and heating device is mobile with the position of personnel And it moves.
3. a kind of energy-saving heating means using infrared measurement of temperature, characterized by the following steps: positioning device is in real time to mesh Mark is positioned, and location information is sent to coordinated control system;Coordinated control system controls need according to the location information of target One or several to be worked heating device moves to designated position;Temperature measuring device real-time measurement target ambient enviroment temperature Degree, is sent to coordinated control system for temperature information;Coordinated control system adjusts the work function of heating device according to Current Temperatures Rate;
The positioning device is positioned using super-broadband tech, that is, UWB technology, and positioning device is received by sending and receiving to have Second or nanosecond ultra-narrow pulse below transmit data;Positioning device includes label, anchor point and location-server, and label is to move Dynamic and unknown coordinate target to be positioned, anchor point is node known to self-position or absolute coordinate, including several from Anchor point and Bower Anchor point, directly and label communication completion ranging process from anchor point, Bower Anchor point is responsible for collecting the distance measurement result from anchor point, Null result is filtered out, and is sent to location-server after preliminary data arrangement and carries out location Calculation, and sending time school Quasi- packet is given from anchor point to synchronize;Location-server calculates positioning result by the ranging information that Bower Anchor point is sent;
The temperature measuring device measures target environment temperature using the noncontact measuring method of infrared radiation temperature method, will Infrared temperature sensor uses electricity on the comprehensive holder that can be rotated but also rotate in the horizontal plane on vertical guide Machine control cloud platform rotation simultaneously loads onto encoder in revolvable both direction, and the encoder on horizontal plane can obtain infrared biography The angle in sensor direction in the horizontal plane and due north, the encoder on vertical guide can obtain direction and the lead of infrared sensor Angle between vertical line needs to adjust infrared sensor when needing to adjust infrared sensor direction makes some position of its face Direction and plumb line between angle and direction and due north in the horizontal plane angle, i.e., control motor make horizontal plane and lead The output of two encoders on vertical plane reaches certain value;
The heating device is infrared lamp or hot-air mouth, and heating device motion mode is that translation is combined with rotation, is filled in heating The lower section set is laid with fixed track, and track is integrally in circular ring shape, and at the axle center of track one end of hinged shaft, shaft The other end is provided with motor, and wheel is equipped on the motor head of motor, and wheel is arranged in orbit, when motor drives wheel rotation Wheel orbital motion, so that shaft be driven to make rotating motion around the axle center of track;Motor and wheel are also equipped on heating device, Heating device is mounted in shaft, and heating device is moved in a straight line in shaft by motor and wheel;Electricity on heating device When machine and the motor associated movement of shaft one end, heating device can rest on the position of any one point of track interior;When need When heating some position, need to heat after heating device to be moved to the position;
When heating device is infrared lamp, infrared lamp radiant illumination value q and the point to infrared lamp axial line distance r that certain point receives Infrared lamp radiant illumination value related with heated current I, being received at certain point:
Q=f (r, I);
When heating device is hot-air mouth, the per unit area heater power P and the point to hot-air mouth distance l that certain point receives, Wind velocity v is related with leaving air temp t out, received per unit area heater power at certain point:
P=f (l, v, t);
The effect of coordinated control system is to receive location information and temperature information, formulates control strategy and controls corresponding heating device Give target heat supply;When one or more targets are in heating region, need to make the radiant illumination value or list at each target Plane product heating power reaches certain value;When having has m target in region, in order to reach heating demand, coordinated control system Control strategy is formulated, and control strategy is transmitted to the heating device for needing work;Control strategy includes which heating dress controlled Work and heating device is set to be heated with great power;
Specific control strategy is as follows: when there are the heating device of multiple movements, the heat supply quantity of specific heating device and every The selection of the heat supply heat of a heating device is as follows: assuming that there is n heating device, the number of heating device is respectively as follows: 1, L, n; Select m heating device therein to be moved to the specified positions m, the number of these positions distinguishes position are as follows: 1, L, m, wherein m≤ N, the mobile cost that i-th of heating device is moved to position j is cij;xijFor decision variable, 0 indicates the i-th heating device in 0 or 1 Move on to position j;Constraint condition is MinJ=1, L, m;I=1, L, n, xij=0 or 1, wherein MinFor objective function, that is, minimizes and always move on to cost;J=1, L, m expression move on to each Position to heating device to quantity be 1;I=1, L, n indicate that each heating device can only at most move on to one and specify Position, xijThe value range of=0 or 1 expression decision variable;Specific step is as follows:
Step1: each heating device i is calculatedAccording toValue rearrange corresponding decision from small to large Variable xi, whereinThe smallest x of valueiBecome x1, it is worth maximum xiBecome xn, one binary number X=of decision scheme (x1x2L xn)2It indicates, such as X=(00L 01)2Indicate that n-th of heating device after rearranging is opened, remaining closing;
Step2: setting Y=∞,The scheme currently taken is X=(x1x2L xn)2=(00L 1)2;According to Qj's Value is from big to small ranked up its constraint condition, i.e. QjBe worth it is maximum be set as first constraint, it is secondary big to be set as second about Beam ..., it is the smallest to be set as the last one constraint;
Step3: the target function value of Current protocols is calculatedIf target function value is less than Y, then it is arranged first and is constrained to Otherwise present confinement goes to Step6;
Step4: according to Current protocols X=(x1x2L xn)2Judge whether current constraints meet, is gone to if meeting Otherwise Step5 goes to Step6;
Step5: judge whether, if any then taking next constraint to be used as present confinement, to go to Step4 there are also constraining not check; Otherwise optimizing decision scheme is updatedFor Current protocols X, enabling Y is the target function value of current decision making scheme X, goes to Step6;
Step6: judge X+1≤(11L 1)2Whether meet, take next scheme if meeting, even X=X+1, which is used as, works as front Case goes to Step3;Otherwise Step7 is gone to;
Step7: algorithm terminates, and exports optimizing decision schemeAnd corresponding optimal value Y, if Y=∞,Then show Problem is without feasible solution.
4. the energy-saving heating means according to claim 3 using infrared measurement of temperature, it is characterised in that: use reaching time-difference Location algorithm, that is, core algorithm of the TDOA location algorithm as entire positioning device, TDOA location algorithm are by a kind of mathematical modulo Type sets up solution, and what it was mainly utilized is hyp characteristic in mathematics, when there are two fixed points, in addition one A dynamic point can with the two fixed points on the hyperbola of focus, when existing simultaneously data as such two groups or multiple groups When structure, these hyp intersection points are exactly the position of desired target object.
5. the energy-saving heating means according to claim 1~4 described in any one using infrared measurement of temperature, it is characterised in that: Heating device, shaft, track and holder collectively form heating equipment, and there is i heating equipment in each space, and each heating equipment has M shaft, each shaft distribute a heating device, which can add n people in track interior overlay area Heat;When heating device rotates, the position where people is heated by holder adjustment direction;By heating device mounted in can be The comprehensive holder that rotation can rotate on vertical guide on horizontal plane again on, using motor control cloud platform rotation and it can rotate Both direction on load onto encoder;Encoder on horizontal plane is known that heating device direction in the horizontal plane and due north Angle, the encoder on vertical guide is known that the angle between the direction of heating device and plumb line;Add when needing to adjust When thermal direction makes some position of its face, need to adjust angle between the direction of heating device and plumb line and in level The angle in direction and direct north in face, i.e. control holder reach the output of two encoders on horizontal plane and vertical guide Certain value.
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