CN109107703A - A kind of edible mushroom material bag separator - Google Patents

A kind of edible mushroom material bag separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109107703A
CN109107703A CN201710490382.4A CN201710490382A CN109107703A CN 109107703 A CN109107703 A CN 109107703A CN 201710490382 A CN201710490382 A CN 201710490382A CN 109107703 A CN109107703 A CN 109107703A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
edible mushroom
shaft
feed inlet
bag
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710490382.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘颜
Original Assignee
刘颜
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 刘颜 filed Critical 刘颜
Priority to CN201710490382.4A priority Critical patent/CN109107703A/en
Publication of CN109107703A publication Critical patent/CN109107703A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2216Discharge means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2225Feed means
    • B02C18/2258Feed means of screw type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating

Abstract

The invention discloses the separators of a kind of matrix for planting edible mushroom packet and plastic film bag, belong to agricultural machinery and technical field;The planting edible mushroom construction materials contract bag separator includes being obliquely installed in the cylinder in rack, the upper barrel of cylinder is sealing structure, lower barrel is grid reticular structure, a lower side end for cylinder offers feed inlet, a higher side end offers bag outlet, cylinder is provided with rotatable shaft on intracorporal axle center, screw feeding piece is provided in the feed inlet section of shaft, it is provided with material in the shaft of feed inlet back segment and is crushed blade, the material is crushed blade in the upper arranged for interval of shaft axial direction, and material is crushed blade twist, its hand of spiral is consistent with the conveying direction of cylinder;Planting edible mushroom construction materials contract bag separator of the invention is skillfully constructed, structurally reasonable, can directly crush the culture medium packet of planting fungi, while can be realized being automatically separated for plastic film bag and organic material, greatly reduces the utilization cost of culture medium.

Description

A kind of edible mushroom material bag separator
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of material bag separator, especially a kind of matrix and plastics for planting fungi cultivation packet is thin The separator of film bag, belongs to agricultural machinery and technical field.
Background technique
In planting fungi, need by culture medium in the plastic film bag, one section of portion or both ends are open, with After the growth of mushroom, fungus grown, wraps intracorporal organic matter and can be used as good farm organic fertilizer and be used.
Since matrix is in plastic film, such as it is used to matrix and first has to unclamp sack, and take out therein Matrix realizes material bag separation, and then block-like matrix is carried out by hand or is mechanically pulverized again, can be just used.
It is general to be due to causing planting fungi culture medium utilization rate at this stage low in the process complexity utilized It is handled as solid refuse, or any discarding causes serious environmental pollution in irrigation canals and ditches.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention of the invention is: in view of the above problems, providing a kind of edible mushroom material bag separator, energy Directly the culture medium packet of planting fungi is crushed, while can be realized the separation of plastic film bag and organic material, is reduced The utilization cost of culture medium, improves its utilization efficiency, effectively reduces environmental pollution.
The technical solution adopted by the invention is as follows:
A kind of edible mushroom material bag separator, including being obliquely installed in the cylinder in rack, the upper barrel of the cylinder is sealing Structure, lower barrel are grid reticular structure, and a lower side end for the cylinder offers feed inlet, a higher side for cylinder Portion offers bag outlet, and rotatable shaft, one section of feed inlet of position of the shaft are provided on the intracorporal axle center of cylinder It installs and is equipped with screw feeding piece, be provided with material in the shaft of fragment position after feed inlet and be crushed blade, the material is crushed blade In the upper arranged for interval of shaft axial direction, and material is crushed blade twist, the conveying direction phase of spiral direction of travel and cylinder Unanimously.
Edible mushroom material bag separator of the invention is provided with shaft in the cylinder being obliquely installed, and shaft is in rotating machinery Drive under rotate, drive the screw feeding piece of the feed inlet end of shaft to rotate, when mushroom matrix packet by feed inlet put into Afterwards, it is delivered to section where material is crushed blade with screw feeding piece, it will under the action of the material of high-speed rotation is crushed blade Bag film is smashed, and monolithic substrate is crushed, and smashed matrix is fallen by the hole on lower barrel, realizes crushed material and bag body With the separation of unbroken block material, since material is crushed blade twist structure, and the hand of spiral and cylinder conveying direction one It causes, so that bag body and block material continue to drill cylinder under the rotary force effect of crushing cutter and move ahead, and block material then continues to be crushed And cylinder is left, bag body is then discharged finally by bag outlet.
Edible mushroom material bag separator of the invention, the bag outlet is opened in the side direction position of cylinder, due to bag body Light, the bag outlet for being set to cylinder side position is conducive to the discharge of bag body, while it is mixed with bag body to also help barrel tip Further separating with bag body for a small amount of comminuting matter closed, improves the efficiency of separation.
Edible mushroom material bag separator of the invention is provided with device for transporting objects below the cylinder.
Further, the device for transporting objects is feed belt, and the feed belt is arranged along the axial direction of cylinder.In this way The broken matrix isolated timely is discharged, until operating efficiency is improved in set other side position.
Edible mushroom material bag separator of the invention, the lower barrel where the feed inlet section is sealing structure, can be played The efficiency of transmission of charging is improved, reduces material in the effect of the residence time of this section.
Edible mushroom material bag separator of the invention, the end of the shaft are provided with the motor of mating connection, pass through electricity Machine cooperation belt pulley is driven, and is had the advantages that high-efficient.
Further, the motor is located at a higher side end for cylinder.Power-equipment is placed in higher end, can Avoid the potential security risk of motor in operation.
Edible mushroom material bag separator of the invention, the adjustable setting of the gradient of the cylinder.Cylinder is obliquely installed master If improving it using the gravity of material to improve in the cylinder intracorporal residence time, while under the double action of inclined surface and gravity Crush and separative efficiency, the setting of adjustable gradient allow to according to different moisture content of matrix etc. because usually to device into Row appropriateness is adjusted, to reach optimal separation and crush efficiency.
Edible mushroom material bag separator of the invention, the screw pitch of the screw feeding piece are 20-40cm.
The diameter of cylinder is 50-80cm.
The screw pitch and the parameter of cylinder be conducive to adapt to planting fungi matrix backpack body product size so that its in the device into Material and efficiency of transmission are improved, and avoid the occurrence of getting stuck.
In conclusion by adopting the above-described technical solution, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: the edible mushroom material bag separates Device is skillfully constructed, structurally reasonable, can directly crush the culture medium packet of planting fungi, while it is thin to can be realized plastics Film bag and organic material are automatically separated, and are greatly reduced utilization the cost of culture medium, are improved its utilization efficiency, effective reduction Environmental pollution, has a very strong practicability, at the same the device can also be used to other types can be in comminuting matter containing packaging bag Separation.
Detailed description of the invention
Examples of the present invention will be described by way of reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is edible mushroom material bag separator side coil the schematic diagram of the section structure of the invention;
Fig. 2 is material strip separator overlooking structure figure of the invention.
Marked in the figure: barrel, 4- feed inlet, 5- shaft, 6- screw feeding piece, 7- material under the upper barrel of 1- rack, 2-, 3- Broken blade, 8- bag outlet, 9- motor, 10- feed belt.
Specific embodiment
All features disclosed in this specification or disclosed all methods or in the process the step of, in addition to mutually exclusive Feature and/or step other than, can combine in any way.
Any feature disclosed in this specification (including any accessory claim, abstract), unless specifically stated, It is replaced by other equivalent or with similar purpose alternative features.That is, unless specifically stated, each feature is a series of An example in equivalent or similar characteristics.
Embodiment
A kind of edible mushroom material bag separator of the invention, structure is as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, including is obliquely installed in rack 1 Cylinder, the upper barrel 2 of the cylinder is sealing structure, and lower barrel 3 is grid reticular structure, a lower side for the cylinder Portion offers feed inlet 4, and a higher side end for cylinder offers bag outlet 8, is provided with and can revolve on the intracorporal axle center of cylinder The shaft 5 turned, 4 one sections of feed inlet of position of the shaft 5 are provided with screw feeding piece 6, the shaft of fragment position after feed inlet 4 It is provided with material on 5 and is crushed blade 7, the material is crushed blade 7 in the axial upper arranged for interval of shaft 5, and material is crushed blade 7 Twist, spiral direction of travel is consistent with the conveying direction of cylinder.
In the present embodiment, the bag outlet 8 is opened in the side direction position of cylinder;Material is provided with below the cylinder Conveying device;The device for transporting objects is feed belt 10, and the feed belt 10 is arranged along the axial direction of cylinder.Further , the lower barrel 3 where 4 sections of the feed inlet is sealing structure.The end of the shaft 5 is provided with the motor 9 of mating connection, The motor 9 is located at a higher side end for cylinder.
In the present embodiment, the lower barrel 3 where 4 sections of the feed inlet is sealing structure, and the gradient of the cylinder is adjustable Section setting.
In the present embodiment, the diameter of the cylinder is 50-80cm, and the screw pitch of screw feeding piece 6 is 20-40cm.
Edible mushroom material bag separator of the invention, the course of work are as follows: being provided with shaft in the cylinder being obliquely installed, turn Axis rotates under the drive of rotating machinery, and the screw feeding piece of the feed inlet end of shaft is driven to rotate, when mushroom matrix packet passes through After feed inlet investment, it is delivered to section where material is crushed blade with screw feeding piece, in the material crushing cutter of high-speed rotation Bag film is smashed under the action of piece, and monolithic substrate is crushed, smashed matrix is fallen by the hole on lower barrel, is realized The separation of crushed material and bag body and unbroken block material, since material is crushed blade twist structure, and the hand of spiral and cylinder Body conveying direction is consistent, so that bag body and block material continue to drill cylinder under the rotary force effect of crushing cutter and move ahead, and block material Then continue pulverized and leave cylinder, bag body is then discharged finally by bag outlet.
Edible mushroom material bag separator of the invention is skillfully constructed, structurally reasonable, can be directly by the cultivation base of planting fungi Matter packet is crushed, while can be realized being automatically separated for plastic film bag and organic material, greatly reduces the benefit of culture medium With cost, its utilization efficiency is improved, is effectively reduced environmental pollution, there is very strong practicability, while the device can also be enough It can the separation containing packaging bag in comminuting matter in other types.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of edible mushroom material bag separator, it is characterised in that: including being obliquely installed in the cylinder on rack (1), the cylinder The upper barrel (2) of body is sealing structure, and lower barrel (3) is grid reticular structure, and a lower side end for the cylinder offers A higher side end for feed inlet (4), cylinder offers bag outlet (8), is provided on the intracorporal axle center of cylinder rotatable (4) one sections of feed inlet of position of shaft (5), the shaft (5) is provided with screw feeding piece (6), feed inlet (4) fragment position afterwards Shaft (5) on be provided with material and be crushed blade (7), the material is crushed blade (7) arranged for interval in shaft (5) axial direction, And material is crushed blade (7) twist, spiral direction of travel is consistent with the conveying direction of cylinder, the feed inlet (4) Lower barrel (3) where section is sealing structure, and the gradient of the cylinder is adjustable to be arranged, and the bag outlet (8) is opened in cylinder The side direction position of body, device for transporting objects is provided with below the cylinder, and the device for transporting objects is feed belt (10), the feed belt (10) is arranged along the axial direction of cylinder.
2. edible mushroom material bag separator as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the end of the shaft (5) is provided with The motor (9) of mating connection.
3. edible mushroom material bag separator as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: the motor (9) be located at cylinder compared with A high side end.
4. edible mushroom material bag separator as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the screw pitch of the screw feeding piece (6) For 20-40cm.
5. edible mushroom material bag separator as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the diameter of cylinder is 50-80cm.
CN201710490382.4A 2017-06-25 2017-06-25 A kind of edible mushroom material bag separator Pending CN109107703A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710490382.4A CN109107703A (en) 2017-06-25 2017-06-25 A kind of edible mushroom material bag separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710490382.4A CN109107703A (en) 2017-06-25 2017-06-25 A kind of edible mushroom material bag separator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109107703A true CN109107703A (en) 2019-01-01

Family

ID=64733717

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710490382.4A Pending CN109107703A (en) 2017-06-25 2017-06-25 A kind of edible mushroom material bag separator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109107703A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113275110A (en) * 2021-05-14 2021-08-20 重庆定凡农业开发有限公司 Improved edible mushroom demoulding equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113275110A (en) * 2021-05-14 2021-08-20 重庆定凡农业开发有限公司 Improved edible mushroom demoulding equipment

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20190101

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication