CN109105011B - A kind of novel straw recyclable device - Google Patents

A kind of novel straw recyclable device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109105011B
CN109105011B CN201811154640.2A CN201811154640A CN109105011B CN 109105011 B CN109105011 B CN 109105011B CN 201811154640 A CN201811154640 A CN 201811154640A CN 109105011 B CN109105011 B CN 109105011B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
output shaft
connect
conveyer belt
grinding device
spray equipment
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CN201811154640.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109105011A (en
Inventor
申爱民
郭庆丰
王皑军
周树强
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Chengdu Aeronautic Polytechnic
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Chengdu Aeronautic Polytechnic
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Priority to CN201811154640.2A priority Critical patent/CN109105011B/en
Publication of CN109105011A publication Critical patent/CN109105011A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • A01F29/10Feeding devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • A01F29/14Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/60Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis
    • B01F27/72Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis with helices or sections of helices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F33/00Other mixers; Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/80Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/83Mixing plants specially adapted for mixing in combination with disintegrating operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F33/00Other mixers; Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/80Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/836Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers combining mixing with other treatments
    • B01F33/8361Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers combining mixing with other treatments with disintegrating
    • B01F33/83612Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers combining mixing with other treatments with disintegrating by crushing or breaking
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/306Mechanically-driven presses
    • B30B9/3064Mechanically-driven presses by screw means

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of novel straw recyclable devices, including feeding device, grinding device, spray equipment, stirring compression set, transmission device and drive speed-adjusting distributor, feeding device, grinding device, spray equipment, stirring compression set and transmission device can be connect with power source respectively, can also be attached by drive speed-adjusting distributor with power source.The device can effectively solve just be able to achieve crushing briquetting operations as power source by power supply existing for existing device for recovering straw;It can solve the problem of straw millstone and stalk briquette device in existing device for recovering straw is are provided separately, are easy to fall apart after the cumbersome problem and stalk briquette for becoming operating process etc. simultaneously.A variety of power, the stalk of processing recycling different process purposes can be used in the device.

Description

A kind of novel straw recyclable device
Technical field
The invention belongs to device for recovering straw technical fields, and in particular to arrive a kind of novel straw recyclable device.
Background technique
China's wheat, paddy, the stalk resources such as rape are always compared with horn of plenty.In the past, generated various in agricultural production Stalk, peasant generally carry out burning disposal, not only result in waste of resources, and also will cause environmental pollution.Therefore, stalk is had developed Pulverization process equipment, these equipment one kind be between stalk powder is directly sprinkled upon farmland after being crushed stalk allow its voluntarily It degrades;In addition after a kind of grinding device needs to carry out the stalk generated unified carrying recycling in field, there is power supply Place carry out pulverization process, and carry out being compressed into block, stalk block be then used as fuel, had both been avoided caused by crop straw burning Waste, and a kind of stalk fuel of new model can be provided, but there is also some problems during use for these machines: (1) existing straw millstone is typically all using power supply as power source, it is necessary to which harvested stalk is transported to power supply Place just can be carried out crushing, increase landed cost, and the labor intensity of labourer reduces labor efficiency.(2) common straw powder Broken machine and straw baler are usually divided into two machinery, and stalk also needs to be transferred in baling press after being ground into powder, are easy Influence production efficiency.And easily causing stalk powder to lose in transportational process, utilization rate is lower.(3) agricultural straw baling press is usual It is to be compressed together stalk by force using mechanical or air pressure, if but being easy to fall apart by collision in transit or stalk Powder is lost.It is unfavorable for stalk to recycle completely.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above deficiencies, the present invention provides a kind of novel straw recyclable device, which can effectively solve existing straw Crushing briquetting operations must be just able to achieve as power source by power supply existing for stalk recyclable device;It can solve simultaneously existing Straw millstone and stalk briquette device in device for recovering straw are to be provided separately, and operating process is made to become cumbersome problem With the problem of being easy to fall apart after stalk briquette etc..
To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of novel straw time Receiving apparatus, including feeding device, grinding device, spray equipment, stirring compression set, transmission device and drive speed-adjusting distribution dress It sets, grinding device is set to the feeding device side, and stirring compression set is set to grinding device lower part, spray equipment setting In grinding device side, and it is set to feeding device lower part, transmission device is set to grinding device and spray equipment lower part, transmission Speed regulation distributor is set to the grinding device other side, feeding device, grinding device, spray equipment, stirring compression set and biography Send device that can connect with power source or connect by drive speed-adjusting distributor with power source respectively;
Drive speed-adjusting distributor includes the first output shaft, the second output shaft, third output shaft, the 4th output shaft and the 5th Output shaft passes sequentially through gear connection, is arranged on the second output shaft between the first output shaft, the second output shaft and third output shaft There are bidirectional clutch and overload-release clutch, third output shaft passes through gear and the 4th output shaft and the 5th output axis connection respectively, It is provided with chain and sprocket driving device on 5th output shaft, is provided with third conveyer belt on the 4th output shaft, the 4th output shaft and second defeated First handle and second handle are provided on shaft.
Further, feeding device includes the first conveyer belt, the first roller bearing and side plate, and the first conveyer belt is socketed in the first rolling Outside axis, the first conveyer belt is provided with horizontal part and rake, is provided with compression plate, compression plate on the first conveyer belt of horizontal part It is connect by spring with side plate.
Further, grinding device includes pulverizing chamber, rotary shaft and flail knife, and pulverizing chamber top is provided with feed inlet, is crushed Room lower part is provided with filter plate, and flail knife is detachably connected with rotary shaft, and rotary shaft is set in the middle part of pulverizing chamber.
Further, flail knife is Y type flail knife.
Further, stirring compression set includes teeter chamber and discharge chambe, and discharge chambe is set to teeter chamber lower part, teeter chamber It is inside provided with auger, feed screw nut is provided in discharge chambe, movable plate is provided among teeter chamber and discharge chambe, is set on movable plate It is equipped with idler wheel, teeter chamber bottom is provided with track, and idler wheel is set in track, and discharge chambe bottom plate is living also by idler wheel and discharge chambe Dynamic connection.
Further, spray equipment includes fluid reservoir, spray pump, regulating valve and spray head, and fluid reservoir is set on spray pump It is square, regulating valve is provided on fluid reservoir.
Further, transmission device includes the second conveyer belt and the second roller bearing, and the second conveyer belt is socketed in outside the second roller bearing Portion, the second roller bearing and the first output axis connection, pass through the 4th transmission band connection between the first roller bearing and the second roller bearing.
Further, when feeding device, grinding device, stirring compression set, spray equipment and transmission device respectively with When power source connects, the movable plate one end stirred in compression set is connected with the first electromagnetic actuator, and feed screw nut is connected with First motor, discharge chambe bottom plate one end are connected with the second electromagnetic actuator, power source, the first electromagnetic actuator, the first electricity Machine and the second electromagnetic actuator are connect with controller.
Further, when feeding device, grinding device, stirring compression set, spray equipment and transmission device pass through biography When dynamic speed regulation distributor and power source are attached, feeding device, grinding device, stirring compression set, spray equipment and biography Send device respectively with the output axis connection in drive speed-adjusting distributor.
Further, controller is 300 series of PLC controller of Siemens.
The invention has the benefit that
1, the device sets crush, stirring, spray, the operation such as compression and transmission, combine closely between each device, make A variety of operations can be achieved at the same time with this mechanical device, efficiently solve existing stalk and crush the existing crushing dress of cuber Set cumbersome caused by being provided separately with compression set, the low problem of production efficiency;Meanwhile the device has a machine Tool, the advantage of two kinds of power sources, the machinery are provided with drive speed-adjusting distributor, which can turn one power of tractor It changes multiply power into, is embodied as each device and the purpose of power is provided;In Hilly land, the case where power supply can not be provided Under, which tractor can be used to be effectively utilized the power of tractor as the power source of its operation, solve non-transformer confession At once, the problem of device is unable to run substantially increases the efficiency of production;In the case where there is power supply, motor can be used to make For its power source, while mounted controller can be enabled, be greatly improved the intelligent effect of the device, improve stalk and crush The efficiency of briquetting.
2, be provided in the machinery cover spray equipments, when crushing the stalk of different cultivars, can according to the characteristic of stalk and Purposes selects different spray liquids, to meet the needs of different purposes, due to the difference of stalk purposes, has centainly to spray liquid It is required that so can according to the purposes of stalk replace spray equipment, such as sprinkling the liquid with stickiness, can effectively by stalk particle into Row bonding, avoids occurring the phenomenon that scattered block in transit;Combustion adjuvant is sprayed, is existed when can effectively solve stalk as burning fuel The halfway problem of burning;Sprinkling food additive can increase the appetite of animal, due to the particularity as edible materials, need A set of spray equipment is used alone, to control the safety etc. of stalk as feed, can also spray it according to the purposes of stalk His liquid.
3, in the case where there is power supply, which can drive the operating of drive speed-adjusting distributor by a motor, in turn Drive whole device work;The different device of the equipment can also be connected to motor respectively, be additionally provided with controller in equipment at this time And electromagnetic actuator, electromagnetic actuator movement is controlled by controller, mechanization production is realized, operator can be substantially reduced Labor intensity, improve production efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram that the device of the invention passes through that drive speed-adjusting distributor is connect with power source;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram that the device of the invention is connect with power source respectively;
Fig. 3 is the transmission principle figure when present invention is connect by drive speed-adjusting distributor with power source;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of compression plate;
1, feeding device;11, the first conveyer belt;12, the first roller bearing;13, side plate;14, compression plate;2, grinding device;21, Pulverizing chamber;22, rotary shaft;23, flail knife;24, feed inlet;25, filter plate;3, spray equipment;31, fluid reservoir;32, spray pump; 33, regulating valve;34, spray head;4, compression set is stirred;41, teeter chamber;42, discharge chambe;43, auger;44, feed screw nut;45, Movable plate;46, discharge chambe bottom plate;47, the first electromagnetic actuator;48, first motor;49, the second electromagnetic actuator;5, it passes Send device;51, the second conveyer belt;52, the second roller bearing;53, the 4th conveyer belt;6, drive speed-adjusting distributor;61, the first output Axis;62, the second output shaft;63, third output shaft;64, the 4th output shaft;65, the 5th output shaft;66, bidirectional clutch;67, Overload-release clutch;68, chain and sprocket driving device;69, third conveyer belt;610, first handle;611, second handle;7, controller.
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawing.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, as shown in Figs 1-4, a kind of novel straw recyclable device, including charging are provided Device 1, grinding device 2, spray equipment 3, stirring compression set 4, transmission device 5 and drive speed-adjusting distributor 6, grinding device 2 are set to 1 side of feeding device, and stirring compression set 4 is set to 2 lower part of grinding device, and spray equipment 3 is set to grinding device 2 sides, and it is set to 1 lower part of feeding device, transmission device 5 is set to 3 lower part of grinding device 2 and spray equipment, drive speed-adjusting Distributor 6 is set to 2 other side of grinding device, feeding device 1, grinding device 2, spray equipment 3, stirring 4 and of compression set Transmission device 5 can connect respectively with power source or be connect by drive speed-adjusting distributor 6 with power source;
Drive speed-adjusting distributor 6 includes the first output shaft 61, the second output shaft 62, the output of third output shaft the 63, the 4th Axis 64 and the 5th output shaft 65 pass sequentially through gear company between first output shaft 61, the second output shaft 62 and third output shaft 63 Connect, be provided with bidirectional clutch 66 and overload-release clutch 67 on the second output shaft 62, third output shaft 63 respectively by gear with 4th output shaft 64 and the 5th output shaft 65 connect, and are provided with chain and sprocket driving device 68, the 4th output shaft 64 on the 5th output shaft 65 On be provided with third conveyer belt 69, be provided with first handle 610 and second-hand on the 4th output shaft 64 and the 5th output shaft 65 Handle 611.
Optimally, feeding device 1 includes the first conveyer belt 11, the first roller bearing 12 and side plate 13, the socket of the first conveyer belt 11 Outside the first roller bearing 12, the first conveyer belt 11 is provided with horizontal part and rake, is arranged on the first conveyer belt 11 of horizontal part There is compression plate 14, compression plate 14 is connect by spring with side plate 13, and stalk is flattened when passing through compression plate 14 by compression plate 14, It facilitates access in grinding device 2 and is crushed, improve crush efficiency.
Optimally, grinding device 2 includes pulverizing chamber 21, rotary shaft 22 and flail knife 23, and 21 top of pulverizing chamber is provided with charging Mouth 24,21 lower part of pulverizing chamber is provided with filter plate 25, and filter plate 25 is provided with multiple and different apertures, can be according to crushing straw Type and purpose are replaced, and flail knife 23 is detachably connected with rotary shaft 22, and rotary shaft 22 is set to 21 middle part of pulverizing chamber, optimization Ground, 2 top of grinding device are also provided with cyclone dust collector, can remove the dust in pulverizing chamber 21, are conducive to environment and protect Shield and human health.
Optimally, flail knife 23 is Y type flail knife 23, and 23 steadily of centre of gravity of Y type flail knife, center of gravity is in a basic balance in the symmetrical of cutter shaft Well-symbolized on line, the balance of Y type flail knife 23 is good, when crushing, is not influenced by power source.
Optimally, stirring compression set 4 includes teeter chamber 41 and discharge chambe 42, and 41 lower part of teeter chamber is provided with discharge chambe 42, auger 43 is provided in teeter chamber 41, is provided with stirring rod on the helical structure of auger 43, mixing effect can be improved, Make to stir more uniform;It is provided with feed screw nut 44 in discharge chambe 42, is provided with movable plate among teeter chamber 41 and discharge chambe 42 45, idler wheel is provided on movable plate 45, and 41 bottom of teeter chamber is provided with track, and idler wheel is set in track, discharge chambe bottom plate 46 It is flexibly connected also by idler wheel with discharge chambe 42;It is provided with idler wheel on movable plate 45 and discharge chambe bottom plate 46, is facilitated out It closes.
Optimally, spray equipment 3 includes fluid reservoir 31, spray pump 32, regulating valve 33 and spray head 34, and fluid reservoir 31 is set to Above spray pump 32, it is provided with regulating valve 33 on fluid reservoir 31, it can be according to the size of stalk particle, purposes and ejecting liquid Type controls the flow that liquid sprays by adjusting regulating valve 33 and is optimally provided with insulating layer in fluid reservoir 32, avoids Occur spraying ill situation when working under lower temperature, wherein be internally provided with magnet blender, for some stickiness compared with Big or Solid content is more, is easy to produce the liquid of precipitating, and 32 are adsorbed with magnet outside fluid reservoir, passes through mobile external magnetic Iron can drive the magnet blender inside fluid reservoir 32 to rotate, achieve the purpose that stirring.
Optimally, transmission device 5 includes the second conveyer belt 51 and the second roller bearing 52, and the second conveyer belt 51 is socketed in the second rolling Outside axis 52, the second roller bearing 52 is connect with the first output shaft 61, passes through the 4th transmission between the first roller bearing 12 and the second roller bearing 52 Band 53 connects.
Optimally, the power source of the device can be motor, tractor and other power sources.
When feeding device 1, grinding device 2, stirring compression set 4, spray equipment 3 and transmission device 5 are adjusted by transmission When fast distributor 6 is attached with power source, power source can be tractor, motor or other modes;Feeding device 1, powder Crushing device 2, stirring compression set 4, spray equipment 3 and transmission device 5 connect with the output shaft in drive speed-adjusting distributor 6 respectively It connects, optimally, the second roller bearing 52 is connect with the first output shaft 61, and feed screw nut 44 connect with the second output shaft 62, rotary shaft 22 It is connect by third conveyer belt 69 with the 4th output shaft 64, auger 43 is connect with the 5th output shaft 65;
The working principle of the device is as follows at this time: tractor is connected by shaft coupling with the first output shaft 61, will be drawn The power transmission of machine gives the first output shaft 61, and the first output shaft 61 drives the rotation of the second roller bearing 52, and then drives 5 work of transmission device Make, the second roller bearing 52 is connect by the 4th conveyer belt 53 with the first roller bearing 12, and while transmission device 5 works, power is transmitted To the first roller bearing 12, the first roller bearing 12 drives the rotation of the first conveyer belt 11, and feeding device 1 is also started to work;
First output shaft 61, the second output shaft 62, third output shaft 63, the 4th output shaft 64, on the 5th output shaft 65 It is fixedly connected with gear, wherein setting is arranged there are four gear of different sizes on the 4th output shaft 64 on third output shaft 63 There is a triple gear, the gear on the first output shaft 61 is mutually twisted with the gear on the second output shaft 62, the first output shaft 61 while rotation, sends power to second output shaft 62 by gear, drives the rotation of the second output shaft 62, the second output 62 front end of axis is connected with feed screw nut 44, is additionally provided with bidirectional clutch 66 and overload-release clutch 67 on the second output shaft 62, leads to It crosses and pulls second handle 611, can control the traffic direction of feed screw nut 44, and then realize the work for compressing particle;The It is additionally provided with overload-release clutch 67 on two output shafts 62, when heavy overload, realizes feed screw nut 44 and the second output shaft 62 Clutch;
A gear, one of gear on this gear and third output shaft 63 are additionally provided on second output shaft 62 It being mutually twisted, third output shaft 63 is driven to rotate, 63 side of third output shaft is arranged there are three gear of different sizes, these three Gear can be mutually engaged with the triple gear on the 4th output shaft 64 respectively, drive the 4th defeated 64 shaft rotation, the 4th output shaft 64 Outer end is provided with third conveyer belt 69, sends power to rotation by third conveyer belt 69 while the 4th output shaft 64 rotates Axis 22 realizes the purpose for driving grinding device 2 to work, is provided with triple gear on the 4th output shaft 64, can be according to crushing straw Needs adjust the triple gear on the gear and the 4th output shaft 64 on third output shaft 63 by pulling first handle 610 The position being mutually twisted achievees the purpose that adjust 22 revolving speed of rotary shaft, and then achievees the purpose that adjust crushing straw granular size;
A remaining gear on third output shaft 63 is mutually twisted with the gear on the 5th output shaft 65, and power is passed The 5th output shaft 65 is given, 65 front end of the 5th output shaft is connected with auger 43, the rotation of the 5th output shaft 65, and then drives auger 43 Operating, the smashed particle of grinding device 2 is conveyed, stirring operation;Chain conveyer dress is also connected on 5th output shaft 65 68 are set, which connect with spray pump 32, and the power of the 5th output shaft 65 sends spray to by chain and sprocket driving device 68 Pump 32 drives spray pump 32 to rotate, and realizes the purpose for spraying liquid.
The workflow of the device is as follows: starting tractor or motor, whole device start running, operator's processing Stalk is placed on the first conveyer belt 11, and after being compressed by compression plate 14, stalk enters in grinding device 2, in multiple groups flail knife Under the action of 23, stalk is ground into little particle and falls, and by the filtration of filter plate 25, satisfactory stalk particle falls Into teeter chamber 41, operator can be as needed, pulls first handle 610, adjusts the revolving speed of rotary shaft 22, and then adjust stalk The size of particle can also realize the purpose of adjustment stalk particle size by adjusting distance between flail knife 23;Stalk particle is falling While falling, it is sprayed the liquid with different role, in teeter chamber 41, is stained with the stalk particle of liquid in auger 43 It is stirred under effect, the grain amount in teeter chamber 41 that operator arrives according to the observation opens teeter chamber 41 and compression manually Movable plate 45 between room 42, stalk particle are sent in discharge chambe 42, in the discharge chambe 42 that operator arrives according to the observation Grain amount when can carry out first compression, closes movable plate 45, by jamming on overload-release clutch 67, make the second output shaft 62 with Feed screw nut 44 connects, and the second output shaft 62 drives feed screw nut 44 to compress particle, after compression, pulls second-hand Handle 611, feed screw nut 44 are pulled, and realize first compression operation, after compression, pull discharge chambe bottom plate 46, stalk block exists It is fallen under the action of gravity on the second conveyer belt 51, closes discharge chambe bottom plate 46, wait squeeze operation next time.
When feeding device 1, grinding device 2, stirring compression set 4, spray equipment 3 and transmission device 5 respectively with power When source connects, rotary shaft 22, auger 43, spray pump 32, feed screw nut 44 and the second roller bearing 52 are attached with motor respectively, by Multiple electric motors provide power for it;45 one end of movable plate in stirring compression set 4 is connected with the first electromagnetic actuator 47, silk Stem nut 44 is connected with first motor 48, and 46 one end of discharge chambe bottom plate is connected with the second electromagnetic actuator 49, power source, first Electromagnetic actuator 47, first motor 48 and the second electromagnetic actuator 49 are connect with controller 7, and power source can be motor;
At this point, stirring compression set 4 includes teeter chamber 41 and discharge chambe 42, it is provided with auger 43 in teeter chamber 41, is stirred 41 bottom of room is provided with track, and movable plate 45 is provided between teeter chamber 41 and discharge chambe 42, is provided with idler wheel on movable plate 45, The idler wheel is set in track, and 45 one end of movable plate is fixedly connected with the first electromagnetic actuator 47;It is provided in discharge chambe 42 Feed screw nut 44, and feed screw nut 44 connect with first motor 48, and 42 bottom of discharge chambe is provided with track, set on discharge chambe bottom plate 46 It is equipped with idler wheel, idler wheel is set in track, and discharge chambe bottom plate 46 is connect with the second electromagnetic actuator 49, and the first electromagnetism executes machine Structure 47, first motor 48, the second electromagnetic actuator 49 and motor are connect with controller 7.Optimally, controller 7 is west gate Sub 300 series of PLC controllers.
The workflow of the device is as follows at this time: power supply is opened, starts each device, stalk is put on feeding device 1, Enter in grinding device 2 after being flattened by compression plate 14 and crushed, smashed stalk particle falls into stirring compression dress It sets in 4, liquid is sprayed while falling, fall into teeter chamber 41, be stirred under the action of auger 43, exist in advance Operation sequence is set in controller 7, is crushed after a certain period of time, stalk particle reaches a certain amount of, the first electromagnetic actuator 47 It being pulled under the action of controller 7, movable plate 45 is opened, and stalk particle is fallen into discharge chambe 42, after reaching setting time, control Device 7 processed controls the first electromagnetic actuator 47 and stretches, and movable plate 45 is resetted, and after which executes 3-4 times, controller 7 is controlled First motor 48 processed drives feed screw nut 44 to stretch, and first motor 48 is connect with clutch, clutch control first motor 48 positive and negative rotation realizes squeeze operation, the stalk particle fallen in discharge chambe 42 is compressed, after compression, controller 7 It controls first motor 48 to recycle, feed screw nut 44 is resetted, while controlling the second electromagnetic actuator 49 for discharge chambe bottom plate 46 Recycling, compressed stalk block fall on transmission device 5, are sent away, and then controller 7 controls the second electromagnetic actuator 49 Discharge chambe bottom plate 46 is driven to reset, the primary briquetting process that crushes terminates.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of novel straw recyclable device, which is characterized in that including feeding device (1), grinding device (2), spray equipment (3), compression set (4), transmission device (5) and drive speed-adjusting distributor (6), the grinding device (2) are stirred and is set to institute Feeding device (1) side is stated, the stirring compression set (4) is set to the grinding device (2) lower part, the spray equipment (3) it is set to the grinding device (2) side, and is set to the feeding device (1) lower part, transmission device (5) setting In the grinding device (2) and spray equipment (3) lower part, the drive speed-adjusting distributor (6) is set to the grinding device (2) other side, the feeding device (1), grinding device (2), spray equipment (3), stirring compression set (4) and transmission device (5) it is connect by the drive speed-adjusting distributor (6) with power source;
The grinding device (2) includes pulverizing chamber (21), rotary shaft (22) and flail knife (23), pulverizing chamber (21) the top setting Have feed inlet (24), pulverizing chamber (21) lower part is provided with filter plate (25), the flail knife (23) and the rotary shaft (22) It is detachably connected, the rotary shaft (22) is set in the middle part of the pulverizing chamber (21);
The drive speed-adjusting distributor (6) include the first output shaft (61), the second output shaft (62), third output shaft (63), 4th output shaft (64) and the 5th output shaft (65), first output shaft (61), the second output shaft (62) and third output shaft (63) gear connection is passed sequentially through between, first output shaft (61) connect with the transmission device (5), the transmission device (5) connect with the feeding device (1) by conveyer belt, be provided on second output shaft (62) bidirectional clutch (66) and Overload-release clutch (67), second output shaft (62) connect with the stirring compression set (4), the third output shaft (63) Connect with the 4th output shaft (64) and the 5th output shaft (65) by gear respectively, the 4th output shaft (64) with it is described Grinding device (2) connects, and is provided with chain and sprocket driving device (68) on the 5th output shaft (65), the 5th output shaft (65) point It is not connect with the spray equipment (3) and the stirring compression set (4), third biography is provided on the 4th output shaft (64) Band (69) is sent, is provided with first handle (610) and second handle on the 4th output shaft (64) and the second output shaft (62) (611)。
2. novel straw recyclable device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the feeding device (1) includes first Conveyer belt (11), the first roller bearing (12) and side plate (13), first conveyer belt (11) are socketed in first roller bearing (12) outside Portion, first conveyer belt (11) are provided with horizontal part and rake, are provided on the first conveyer belt (11) of the horizontal part Compression plate (14), the compression plate (14) are connect by spring with the side plate (13).
3. novel straw recyclable device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the flail knife (23) is Y type flail knife.
4. novel straw recyclable device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the stirring compression set (4) includes Teeter chamber (41) and discharge chambe (42), the discharge chambe (42) are set to the teeter chamber (41) lower part, the teeter chamber (41) It is inside provided with auger (43), is provided with feed screw nut (44) in the discharge chambe (42), the teeter chamber (41) and the compression It is provided with movable plate (45) among room (42), idler wheel, teeter chamber (41) the bottom setting is provided on the movable plate (45) There is track, the idler wheel is set in the track, and the discharge chambe bottom plate (46) is also by idler wheel and the discharge chambe (42) It is flexibly connected.
5. novel straw recyclable device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the spray equipment (3) includes liquid storage Tank (31), spray pump (32), regulating valve (33) and spray head (34), the fluid reservoir (31) are set on the spray pump (32) It is square, regulating valve (33) are provided on the fluid reservoir (31).
6. novel straw recyclable device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the transmission device (5) includes second Conveyer belt (51) and the second roller bearing (52), it is external that second conveyer belt (51) is socketed in second roller bearing (52), and described the Two roller bearings (52) are connect with first output shaft (61), are passed through between first roller bearing (12) and second roller bearing (52) The connection of 4th conveyer belt (53).
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CN109874517B (en) * 2019-03-18 2021-11-05 黑龙江省农业科学院畜牧研究所 Method for green recovery of straw and crushing and stamping into blocks
CN110584173A (en) * 2019-10-17 2019-12-20 陈建钧 Continuous straw feed production line
CN111436289B (en) * 2020-04-07 2021-09-28 张俊杰 Agricultural straw comprehensive treatment equipment
CN112123841B (en) * 2020-08-27 2022-09-06 河北圣和农业机械有限公司 Agricultural straw quick briquetting device
CN112169704A (en) * 2020-11-13 2021-01-05 郑州子然环保科技有限公司 Granular fuel granulation equipment

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