CN109097529A - The production technology of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer - Google Patents

The production technology of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109097529A
CN109097529A CN201810861964.3A CN201810861964A CN109097529A CN 109097529 A CN109097529 A CN 109097529A CN 201810861964 A CN201810861964 A CN 201810861964A CN 109097529 A CN109097529 A CN 109097529A
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China
Prior art keywords
washer
temperature
production technology
heat
minutes
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CN201810861964.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109097529B (en
Inventor
张建龙
殳坤生
祖宇伟
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JIASHAN YONGXIN FASTENER Co Ltd
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JIASHAN YONGXIN FASTENER Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21DMODIFYING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF FERROUS METALS; GENERAL DEVICES FOR HEAT TREATMENT OF FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS METALS OR ALLOYS; MAKING METAL MALLEABLE, e.g. BY DECARBURISATION OR TEMPERING
    • C21D1/00General methods or devices for heat treatment, e.g. annealing, hardening, quenching or tempering
    • C21D1/18Hardening; Quenching with or without subsequent tempering
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21DMODIFYING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF FERROUS METALS; GENERAL DEVICES FOR HEAT TREATMENT OF FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS METALS OR ALLOYS; MAKING METAL MALLEABLE, e.g. BY DECARBURISATION OR TEMPERING
    • C21D8/00Modifying the physical properties by deformation combined with, or followed by, heat treatment
    • C21D8/005Modifying the physical properties by deformation combined with, or followed by, heat treatment of ferrous alloys
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21DMODIFYING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF FERROUS METALS; GENERAL DEVICES FOR HEAT TREATMENT OF FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS METALS OR ALLOYS; MAKING METAL MALLEABLE, e.g. BY DECARBURISATION OR TEMPERING
    • C21D9/00Heat treatment, e.g. annealing, hardening, quenching or tempering, adapted for particular articles; Furnaces therefor
    • C21D9/40Heat treatment, e.g. annealing, hardening, quenching or tempering, adapted for particular articles; Furnaces therefor for rings; for bearing races

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of production technology of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer, the production process includes: 1) blanking: by being stamped and formed out washer plain film;2) it forms: the washer semi-finished product by being stamped and formed out required shape;3) it is heat-treated: washer semi-finished product is heat-treated;4) it polishes: carrying out surface polishing using lapping using star lapping machine polishing machine, while abrasive material, polishing agent is added, then rinsed with clear water, dried in dryer;Molding die in forming process is process by DC53 mold materials.The production technology of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer of the invention, 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al steel can be used to make the dedicated common plain washer of stainless steel curved spring washers, stainless steel wave spring washer, stainless steel external teeth serrated lock washer, high-end equipment manufacturing or high-end equipment manufacturing band special chamfering plain washer, provide that combination of strength and toughness is good, corrosion resistance is good, anti-stress corrosion performance is superior, the elastic washer of plurality of specifications for the threaded connection of various electronic equipments.

Description

The production technology of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer
Technical field
The invention belongs to elastic washer technical fields, and in particular to the production work of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer Skill.
Background technique
0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al be nickel-saving type semiaustenitic precipitation-hardening stainless steel, be between it is martensitic precipitation hardening not A kind of transiens precipitation-hardening stainless steel to become rusty between steel and austenite precipitation-hardening stainless steel.The characteristics of this kind of steel is that it both had There are the ultrahigh hardness of martensitic precipitation, and the high tenacity with austenite precipitation-hardening stainless steel.It can be in Austria Family name's body state carries out machining, cold deformation and welding, then becomes and analysis by adjusting processing and ageing treatment control martensite It hardens out, obtains different combination of strength and toughness, corrosion resistance is good, and especially anti-stress corrosion performance is superior.
In the threaded connection of electronic equipment, elastic washer is widely used with its preferable anti-loose effect.High-end equipment Manufacture, space flight model, which do not require nothing more than these locking parts, has good elasticity, toughness, should also have good corrosion resistance Energy.These anti-release members of past are typically all to use high-intensitive spring steel making, in order to improve the resistance to of elastic component made of spring steel Corrosive nature usually uses traditional electroplating technology.But it is easy to appear hydrogen embrittlement fracture after the elastic component of high rigidity is electroplated, It is difficult to remove it with general dehydrogenation process clean.Since hydrogen embrittlement fracture has retardance, qualified product is often detected Hydrogen embrittlement fracture still occurs in use, not only results in Joint failure, can also generate fifth wheel, jeopardize high-end equipment system It makes, the safety of space product, or even the consequence of bringing on a disaster property.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that: 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer Production technology, the production process include:
1) blanking: by being stamped and formed out washer plain film;
2) it forms: the washer semi-finished product by being stamped and formed out required shape;
3) it is heat-treated: washer semi-finished product is heat-treated;
4) it polishes: carrying out surface polishing using lapping using star lapping machine polishing machine, while abrasive material, polishing agent is added, then use clear water It rinses, is dried in dryer;
As a preferred embodiment of the above technical solution, the molding die in forming process is process by DC53 mold materials.
As a preferred embodiment of the above technical solution, 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer be stainless steel curved spring washers, The dedicated common plain washer of stainless steel wave spring washer, stainless steel external teeth serrated lock washer, high-end equipment manufacturing or high-end equipment Manufacture band special chamfering plain washer.
As a preferred embodiment of the above technical solution, tempering temperature is 430 in the heat treatment process of stainless steel curved spring washers 500 DEG C of ∽, 60 ∽ 120 minutes are kept the temperature, it is air-cooled.
As a preferred embodiment of the above technical solution, tempering temperature is 400 in the heat treatment process of stainless steel wave spring washer DEG C, 90 minutes are kept the temperature, it is air-cooled.
As a preferred embodiment of the above technical solution, tempering temperature is in the heat treatment process of stainless steel external teeth serrated lock washer 330 DEG C, 90 minutes are kept the temperature, it is air-cooled.
As a preferred embodiment of the above technical solution, it is first carried out in the heat treatment process of the dedicated common plain washer of high-end equipment manufacturing Quenching, hardening heat are 860 DEG C of 830 ∽, and water cooling or oil are cold after twenty minutes for heat preservation, are then tempered, 440 ∽ of tempering temperature 560 DEG C, 20 minutes are kept the temperature, it is air-cooled.
As a preferred embodiment of the above technical solution, advanced in the heat treatment process of high-end equipment manufacturing band special chamfering plain washer Row quenching, hardening heat are 860 DEG C of 830 ∽, and water cooling or oil are cold after twenty minutes for heat preservation, are then tempered, 440 ∽ of tempering temperature 560 DEG C, 20 minutes are kept the temperature, it is air-cooled.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the production technology of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer of the invention, can incite somebody to action 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al steel are sawed outside stainless steel curved spring washers, stainless steel wave spring washer, stainless steel for making The dedicated common plain washer of tooth lock washer, high-end equipment manufacturing or high-end equipment manufacturing band special chamfering plain washer are various electricity The threaded connection of sub- equipment provides that combination of strength and toughness is good, corrosion resistance is good, anti-stress corrosion performance is superior, plurality of specifications Elastic washer.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment one
Stainless steel curved spring washers are produced using 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al material:
1) blanking: by being stamped and formed out washer plain film;2) it forms: the washer semi-finished product by being stamped and formed out required shape, Molding die is processed into using DC53 mold materials;3) it is heat-treated: washer semi-finished product is heat-treated, curved spring washers When specification is 4mm, 5mm, tempering temperature is 430 DEG C, keeps the temperature 60 minutes, air-cooled;When specification is M6, tempering temperature is 470 DEG C, is protected Temperature 60 minutes, it is air-cooled;When specification is M8, tempering temperature is 500 DEG C, keeps the temperature 60 minutes, air-cooled;Specification is that M10 heats 500 DEG C When, 120 minutes are kept the temperature, it is air-cooled;4) it polishes: carrying out surface polishing using lapping using star lapping machine polishing machine, while abrasive material, polishing is added Agent selects polishing time according to product size size, and generally 5 is smooth, hairless to the product surface light is reached after twenty minutes Thorn, is then rinsed with clear water, is dried in dryer.
Embodiment two
Stainless steel wave spring washer is produced using 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al material:
1) blanking: by being stamped and formed out washer plain film;2) it forms: the washer semi-finished product by being stamped and formed out required shape, Molding die is processed into using DC53 mold materials;3) it is heat-treated: washer semi-finished product being heat-treated, heat treatment process packet Including tempering temperature is 400 DEG C, keeps the temperature 90 minutes, air-cooled;4) it polishes: carrying out surface polishing using lapping using star lapping machine polishing machine, simultaneously Abrasive material, polishing agent is added, polishing time is selected according to product size size, generally 5 to reaching the product surface after twenty minutes Bright smooth, impulse- free robustness, is then rinsed with clear water, is dried in dryer.
Embodiment three
Stainless steel external teeth serrated lock washer is produced using 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al material:
1) blanking: by being stamped and formed out washer plain film;2) it forms: the washer semi-finished product by being stamped and formed out required shape, Molding die is processed into using DC53 mold materials;3) it is heat-treated: washer semi-finished product being heat-treated, heat treatment process packet Including tempering temperature is 330 DEG C, keeps the temperature 90 minutes, air-cooled;4) it polishes: carrying out surface polishing using lapping using star lapping machine polishing machine, simultaneously Abrasive material, polishing agent is added, polishing time is selected according to product size size, generally 5 to reaching the product surface after twenty minutes Bright smooth, impulse- free robustness, is then rinsed with clear water, is dried in dryer.
Example IV
The high-end dedicated common plain washer of equipment manufacturing is produced using 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al material:
1) blanking: by being stamped and formed out washer plain film;2) it forms: the washer semi-finished product by being stamped and formed out required shape, Molding die is processed into using DC53 mold materials;3) it is heat-treated: washer semi-finished product is heat-treated, hardness is 200HV's 45 830 DEG C of temperature of plain cushion Quan temper fire of steel, keep the temperature 20 minutes water (oil) it is cold;560 DEG C of tempering temperature, 20 minutes are kept the temperature, it is air-cooled;Hardness For 45 830 DEG C of temperature of the plain cushion Quan temper fire of steel of 300HV, keep the temperature 20 minutes water (oil) it is cold, 440 DEG C of tempering temperature, keep the temperature 20 minutes It is air-cooled;The product rinsed well with clear water dry no moisture in dryer;4) it polishes: carrying out table using lapping using star lapping machine polishing machine Face polishing, while abrasive material, polishing agent is added, polishing time is selected according to product size size, polishing time is 30 minutes to 120 Minute, reach any surface finish, impulse- free robustness, then rinsed with clear water, is dried in dryer.
Embodiment five
High-end equipment manufacturing band special chamfering plain washer is produced using 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al material:
1) blanking: by being stamped and formed out washer plain film;2) it forms: the washer semi-finished product by being stamped and formed out required shape, Molding die is processed into using DC53 mold materials;3) it is heat-treated: washer semi-finished product is heat-treated, hardness is 200HV's Steel 45 with 830 DEG C of temperature of Quan temper fire of chamfering plain cushion, keep the temperature 20 minutes water (oil) it is cold;560 DEG C of tempering temperature, 20 minutes are kept the temperature, it is empty It is cold;Hardness be 300HV steel 45 with 830 DEG C of temperature of Quan temper fire of chamfering plain cushion, keep the temperature 20 minutes water (oil) it is cold, tempering temperature 440 DEG C, heat preservation 20 minutes are air-cooled;The product rinsed well with clear water dry no moisture in dryer;4) it polishes: being ground using planet Grinding and polishing ray machine carries out surface polishing, while abrasive material, polishing agent is added, and selects polishing time according to product size size, when polishing Between be 30 minutes to 120 minutes, reach any surface finish, impulse- free robustness, then rinsed with clear water, dried in dryer.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail above, it should be understood that those skilled in the art without It needs creative work according to the present invention can conceive and makes many modifications and variations, therefore, all technologies in the art Personnel are available by logical analysis, reasoning, or a limited experiment on the basis of existing technology under this invention's idea Technical solution, all should be within the scope of protection determined by the claims.

Claims (8)

  1. The production technology of 1.0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer, which is characterized in that the production process includes:
    1) blanking: by being stamped and formed out washer plain film;
    2) it forms: the washer semi-finished product by being stamped and formed out required shape;
    3) it is heat-treated: washer semi-finished product is heat-treated;
    4) it polishes: carrying out surface polishing using lapping using star lapping machine polishing machine, while abrasive material, polishing agent is added, then rinsed with clear water, It is dried in dryer.
  2. 2. the production technology of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the molding Molding die in the process is process by DC53 mold materials.
  3. 3. the production technology of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer is stainless steel curved spring washers, stainless steel wave spring washer, the outer sawtooth of stainless steel The dedicated common plain washer of lock washer, high-end equipment manufacturing or high-end equipment manufacturing band special chamfering plain washer.
  4. 4. the production technology of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that described stainless Tempering temperature is 500 DEG C of 430 ∽ in the heat treatment process of steel curved spring washers, keeps the temperature 60 ∽ 120 minutes, air-cooled.
  5. 5. the production technology of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that described stainless Tempering temperature is 400 DEG C in the heat treatment process of steel wave spring washer, keeps the temperature 90 minutes, air-cooled.
  6. 6. the production technology of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that described stainless Tempering temperature is 330 DEG C in the heat treatment process of steel external teeth serrated lock washer, keeps the temperature 90 minutes, air-cooled.
  7. 7. the production technology of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that described high-end It is first quenched in the heat treatment process of the dedicated common plain washer of equipment manufacturing, hardening heat is 860 DEG C of 830 ∽, keeps the temperature 20 points Water cooling or oil are cold after clock, are then tempered, 560 DEG C of 440 ∽ of tempering temperature, keep the temperature 20 minutes, air-cooled.
  8. 8. the production technology of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that described high-end It is first quenched in the heat treatment process of equipment manufacturing band special chamfering plain washer, hardening heat is 860 DEG C of 830 ∽, heat preservation 20 Water cooling or oil are cold after minute, are then tempered, 560 DEG C of 440 ∽ of tempering temperature, keep the temperature 20 minutes, air-cooled.
CN201810861964.3A 2018-08-01 2018-08-01 Production process of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al elastic washer Active CN109097529B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111485092A (en) * 2020-06-01 2020-08-04 嘉善永鑫紧固件有限公司 Elastic gasket and preparation method and application thereof

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1847438A (en) * 2005-04-11 2006-10-18 株式会社神户制钢所 Steel wire for cold-formed spring excellent in corrosion resistance and method for producing the same
CN102278359A (en) * 2011-06-17 2011-12-14 襄阳汽车轴承股份有限公司 Washer for serial wind-driven generator and bearing and combined machining process thereof
CN204327828U (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-05-13 四川达宇特种车辆制造厂 Be applied to the endurance wavy spring on Micro Turbine Jet Engine high-speed rotating shaft
CN104668907A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-06-03 南通弘峰机电有限公司 Machining process for large spring pieces
CN106808153A (en) * 2015-11-30 2017-06-09 侯霞 The processing technology of bearing washer
CN107313006A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-11-03 上海丰东热处理工程有限公司 A kind of steel plate washer production technology

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1847438A (en) * 2005-04-11 2006-10-18 株式会社神户制钢所 Steel wire for cold-formed spring excellent in corrosion resistance and method for producing the same
CN102278359A (en) * 2011-06-17 2011-12-14 襄阳汽车轴承股份有限公司 Washer for serial wind-driven generator and bearing and combined machining process thereof
CN204327828U (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-05-13 四川达宇特种车辆制造厂 Be applied to the endurance wavy spring on Micro Turbine Jet Engine high-speed rotating shaft
CN104668907A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-06-03 南通弘峰机电有限公司 Machining process for large spring pieces
CN106808153A (en) * 2015-11-30 2017-06-09 侯霞 The processing technology of bearing washer
CN107313006A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-11-03 上海丰东热处理工程有限公司 A kind of steel plate washer production technology

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于淼: ""0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al钢制波浪圈弹性不合格原因",于淼,《理化检验-物理分册》,2010年第46卷,第117-118页", 《理化检验-物理分册》 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111485092A (en) * 2020-06-01 2020-08-04 嘉善永鑫紧固件有限公司 Elastic gasket and preparation method and application thereof
CN111485092B (en) * 2020-06-01 2021-04-30 嘉善永鑫紧固件有限公司 Elastic gasket and preparation method and application thereof

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