CN109090627B - Apricot kernel shell breaking machine - Google Patents

Apricot kernel shell breaking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109090627B
CN109090627B CN201810929688.XA CN201810929688A CN109090627B CN 109090627 B CN109090627 B CN 109090627B CN 201810929688 A CN201810929688 A CN 201810929688A CN 109090627 B CN109090627 B CN 109090627B
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driven gear
roller set
conveying roller
barrel
driven
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CN201810929688.XA
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CN109090627A (en
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叶宇博
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叶宇博
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts
    • A23N5/008Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts for almonds

Abstract

The invention discloses an apricot kernel shell breaking machine, which comprises a feed hopper, a cylinder body and supporting legs, wherein the feed hopper is arranged at the top of the cylinder body, and the cylinder body is supported by the supporting legs, and the apricot kernel shell breaking machine is characterized in that: the barrel bottom is the fretwork form, barrel intracavity is equipped with conveying roller set and broken roller set, keep off tongue one end can block on the bottleneck form of feeder hopper, keep off the tongue other end and pass the feeder hopper, fixedly connected with crescent moon portion on the tip, the barrel is all passed to one of them end of conveying roller set and broken roller set, the cover is equipped with the driven gear set of second on the tip of conveying roller set, the cover is equipped with first driven gear set on the tip of broken roller set, driven pulley passes through the belt and connects the driving pulley, the driving pulley cover is established on the output of motor, still the cover is equipped with the driving gear on the output of motor, articulated connecting rod on the second eccentric wheel, the articulated shale shaker of connecting rod, the shale shaker is installed in the corresponding department of barrel bottom. The invention has the advantages that: simple structure, high efficiency of shell breaking and high degree of automation.

Description

Apricot kernel shell breaking machine
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of nut processing equipment, and particularly relates to an apricot kernel shell breaking machine.
Background
The almond has high nutritional value, is rich in protein, sugar, carotene, B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin P, vitamin E, calcium, phosphorus, iron and other nutritional ingredients, contains rich unsaturated fatty acid, can play a role in reducing cholesterol, has a good effect on preventing cardiovascular system diseases, and has an increasing demand year by year along with the improvement of the living standard of people. In order to bring convenience to eating almonds and meet the requirements of deep processing of the almonds, people generally adopt a manual method of manually knocking, smashing and pressing to break shells and take kernels of apricot kernels, the efficiency is extremely low, the labor capacity is very large, the sanitary quality is difficult to guarantee, and the crushing rate of the almonds is high because the labor intensity of manual shell breaking is difficult to control. The mechanical apricot kernel shell breaking machine used in the market at present is small in quantity, the technology is not mature, the shell breaking quality and effect are not ideal enough, and the mechanical apricot kernel shell breaking machine is difficult to popularize in a large range. Therefore, it is important to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention overcomes the defects of the prior art and provides the apricot kernel shell breaking machine which is simple in structure, high in shell breaking efficiency and high in automation degree.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: the utility model provides an apricot kernel rejuvenator, includes feeder hopper, barrel and landing leg, the barrel top is equipped with the feeder hopper, the barrel is supported by the landing leg, its characterized in that: the barrel bottom is fretwork form, barrel intracavity is equipped with conveying roller set and broken roller set, conveying roller set arranges in broken roller set top, conveying roller set top is the feeder hopper, the feeder hopper is bottleneck form to be equipped with in bottleneck form department and keep off the tongue, keep off tongue one end and can block on the bottleneck form of feeder hopper, keep off the tongue other end and pass the feeder hopper, fixedly connected with crescent moon portion on the tip, keep off the tongue with the feeder hopper is articulated, and installs the torsional spring between, conveying roller set and one of them one end of broken roller set all passes the barrel, the cover is equipped with second driven gear set on conveying roller set's the tip, conveying roller set is equipped with two conveying rollers, second driven gear set is equipped with two second driven gears to intermeshing, still the cover is equipped with third driven gear on one of conveying roller set's conveying roller tip, the third driven gear is meshed with a fourth driven gear, the fourth driven gear is sleeved on a first auxiliary rotating shaft, the first auxiliary rotating shaft is installed on the barrel through a bearing, a first eccentric wheel is installed on the end portion of the first auxiliary rotating shaft, the first eccentric wheel is matched with the crescent part, a first driven gear set is sleeved on the end portion of the crushing roller set, the crushing roller set is provided with two crushing rollers, the first driven gear set is provided with two first driven gears, the two first driven gears of the first driven gear set are respectively meshed with the two second driven gears of the second driven gear set, a driven belt pulley is further sleeved on the end portion of one of the crushing rollers of the crushing roller set, the driven belt pulley is connected with a driving belt pulley through a belt, the driving belt pulley is sleeved on the output end of the motor, and the motor is arranged on the bottom plate, the utility model discloses a vibration sieve, including bottom plate, motor, support, bearing, oscillating screen, vibrating screen, bottom plate horizontal fixed mounting is between the landing leg, still the cover is equipped with the driving gear on the output of motor, driving gear meshing driven gear, driven gear overlaps and establishes in the second is assisted the pivot, the pivot is assisted to the second and passes through the bearing and install on assisting the support, assist the perpendicular fixed mounting of support between the landing leg, install the second eccentric wheel on the second is assisted the pivot tip, articulated connecting rod on the second eccentric wheel, the articulated shale shaker of connecting rod, the shale shaker slope sets up, the corresponding department of shale shaker installation barrel bottom fretwork form, the shale shaker passes through pressure-bearing spring with this lateral part of connecting rod articulated and connects on the landing leg, the shale shaker other end is articulated with the landing leg, the built-.
Further, the diameter of the conveying roller group is smaller than that of the crushing roller group.
Further, the conveying roller of the conveying roller group is uniformly provided with strip grooves along the circumferential direction.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that: the apricot kernel amount can be conveniently controlled by arranging the baffle tongue, so that the machine cannot be blocked, and the service life of the machine is further prolonged; the apricot pits fall into the conveying roller group and can be arranged in a straight line in the long-strip groove of the conveying roller, so that the arranged conveying roller group can uniformly convey the apricot pits into the crushing roller group for crushing; the output end of the motor can simultaneously drive the working elements of the whole apricot kernel shell breaking machine to work, so that automation is realized, and labor is reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic front view of the structure of the apricot kernel hull breaking machine.
Fig. 2 is a right side view showing the structure of the apricot kernel hull breaking machine of the present invention, in which only the structure of the motor-driven vibrating screen is shown.
Fig. 3 is a schematic left side view of the apricot kernel shell breaking machine of the present invention, wherein only the structure of the first driven gear set, the second driven gear set, the first eccentric wheel and the crescent part driven by the motor is shown.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural perspective view of the apricot kernel hull breaking machine, wherein only the structures of the conveying roller group and the crushing roller group are shown.
In the figure, 1, a feed hopper, 2, a barrel, 3, supporting legs, 4, a conveying roller group, 5, a crushing roller group, 6, a stop tongue, 7, a crescent part, 8, a torsion spring, 9, a second driven gear group, 10, a third driven gear, 11, a fourth driven gear, 12, a first auxiliary rotating shaft, 13, a first eccentric wheel, 14, a first driven gear group, 15, a driven belt pulley, 16, a belt, 17, a driving belt pulley, 18, a motor, 19, a bottom plate, 20, a driving gear, 21, a driven gear, 22, a second auxiliary rotating shaft, 23, an auxiliary support, 24, a second eccentric wheel, 25, a connecting rod, 26, a vibrating screen, 27, a pressure-bearing spring and 28 screen surfaces are arranged.
Detailed Description
The following examples are intended to further illustrate the present invention and should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention, and other insubstantial modifications and adaptations of the invention by those skilled in the art based on the teachings herein are intended to be covered thereby.
Throughout the specification and claims, unless explicitly stated otherwise, the word "comprise", or variations such as "comprises" or "comprising", will be understood to imply the inclusion of a stated element or component but not the exclusion of any other element or component.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
In fig. 1 to 4, 1 is a feeding hopper, 2 is a cylinder, 3 is a support leg, 4 is a conveying roller group, 5 is a crushing roller group, 6 is a stop tongue, 7 is a crescent part, 8 is a torsion spring, 9 is a second driven gear group, 10 is a third driven gear, 11 is a fourth driven gear, 12 is a first auxiliary rotating shaft, 13 is a first eccentric wheel, 14 is a first driven gear group, 15 is a driven pulley, 16 is a belt, 17 is a driving pulley, 18 is a motor, 19 is a bottom plate, 20 is a driving gear, 21 is a driven gear, 22 is a second auxiliary rotating shaft, 23 is an auxiliary support, 24 is a second eccentric wheel, 25 is a connecting rod, 26 is a vibrating screen, 27 is a pressure bearing spring, and 28 is a screen surface.
The utility model provides an apricot kernel rejuvenator, includes feeder hopper 1, barrel 2 and landing leg 3, and 2 tops of barrel are equipped with feeder hopper 1, and barrel 2 is supported its characterized in that by landing leg 3: the bottom of the barrel body 2 is hollowed, a conveying roller group 4 and a crushing roller group 5 are arranged in a cavity of the barrel body 2, the conveying roller group 4 is arranged above the crushing roller group 5, a feed hopper 1 is arranged above the conveying roller group 4, the feed hopper 1 is in a bottleneck shape, a baffle tongue 6 is arranged at the bottleneck shape, one end of the baffle tongue 6 can be clamped on the bottleneck shape of the feed hopper 1, the other end of the baffle tongue 6 penetrates through the feed hopper 1, a crescent part 7 is fixedly connected to the end part of the baffle tongue 6, the baffle tongue 6 is hinged with the feed hopper 1, a torsion spring 8 is arranged between the baffle tongue 6 and the feed hopper 1, one end of the conveying roller group 4 and one end of the crushing roller group 5 both penetrate through the barrel body 2, a second driven gear group 9 is sleeved on the end part of the conveying roller group 4, the conveying roller group 4 is provided with two conveying rollers, a third driven gear 10 is meshed with a fourth driven gear 11, the fourth driven gear 11 is sleeved on a first auxiliary rotating shaft 12, the first auxiliary rotating shaft 12 is arranged on the barrel body 2 through a bearing, a first eccentric wheel 13 is arranged on the end part of the first auxiliary rotating shaft 12, the first eccentric wheel 13 is matched with the crescent part 7, a first driven gear set 14 is sleeved on the end part of the crushing roller set 5, the crushing roller set 5 is provided with two crushing rollers, the first driven gear set 14 is provided with two first driven gears, the two first driven gears of the first driven gear set 14 are respectively meshed with two second driven gears of the second driven gear set 9, a driven belt pulley 15 is further sleeved on one end part of the crushing roller set 5, the driven belt pulley 15 is connected with a driving belt pulley 17 through a belt 16, the driving belt pulley 17 is sleeved on the output end of a motor 18, the motor 18 is arranged on a bottom plate 19, the bottom plate 19 is horizontally and fixedly arranged between the, the output end of the motor 18 is further sleeved with a driving gear 20, the driving gear 20 is meshed with a driven gear 21, the driven gear 21 is sleeved on a second auxiliary rotating shaft 22, the second auxiliary rotating shaft 22 is installed on an auxiliary support 23 through a bearing, the auxiliary support 23 is vertically and fixedly installed between the supporting legs 3, a second eccentric wheel 24 is installed at the end portion of the second auxiliary rotating shaft 22, a connecting rod 25 is hinged to the second eccentric wheel 24, the connecting rod 25 is hinged to a vibrating screen 26, the vibrating screen 26 is obliquely arranged, the vibrating screen 26 is installed at a hollow corresponding position at the bottom of the barrel 2, the side portion, hinged to the vibrating screen 26 and the connecting rod 25, of the vibrating screen 26 is connected to the supporting legs 3 through a pressure bearing spring 27, the other end of the vibrating screen 26 is hinged to the supporting legs 3, a screen surface 28 is arranged in the vibrating screen.
The diameter of the conveying rollers of the conveying roller group 4 is smaller than the diameter of the crushing rollers of the crushing roller group 5.
The conveying rollers of the conveying roller group 4 are uniformly distributed with strip grooves along the circumferential direction.
When the crushing roller set is used, the motor 18 is started firstly, the output end of the motor 18 drives the driving belt pulley 17 and the driving gear 20 to rotate simultaneously, the driving belt pulley 17 transmits kinetic energy to the driven belt pulley 15 through the belt 16, so as to drive one of the crushing rollers of the crushing roller set 5 to rotate, the rotation of the crushing roller can drive one of the driven gears of the second driven gear set 9 to rotate, two conveying rollers of the conveying roller set 4 operate simultaneously due to the meshing of two driven gears of the second driven gear set 9, in addition, two first driven gears of the first driven gear set 14 are respectively meshed with two second driven gears of the second driven gear set 9, finally, the other crushing roller of the crushing roller set 5 is driven to rotate, when the second driven gear set 9 operates, the third driven gear 10 on one of the conveying rollers of the conveying roller set 4 can be driven to operate, and because the third driven gear 10 is meshed with the fourth driven gear 11, therefore, kinetic energy is transmitted to the first auxiliary rotating shaft 12, the first auxiliary rotating shaft 12 rotates to drive the first eccentric wheel 13 to rotate, the first eccentric wheel 13 can drive the crescent part 7 to swing up and down in the rotating process, the crescent part 7 can drive the baffle tongue 6 to swing, and the baffle tongue 6 can swing to open and close the feeding of the feeding hopper 1, so that apricot stones can enter the barrel body 2 discontinuously, the apricot stones enter the barrel body and fall onto the conveying roller group 4 firstly, the apricot stones are uniformly operated to the crushing roller group 5 to be crushed under the action of the strip-shaped groove of the conveying roller, and then fall into the vibrating screen 26 through the bottom of the barrel body 2; the driving gear 20 is engaged with the driven gear 21, so as to drive the second auxiliary rotating shaft 22 to rotate, the second auxiliary rotating shaft 22 drives the second eccentric wheel 24 to rotate, the second eccentric wheel 24 can drive the connecting rod 25, finally the connecting rod 25 drives the vibrating screen 26 to operate, and the screen surface 28 in the vibrating screen 26 can separate damaged apricot kernels from undamaged apricot kernels.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides an apricot kernel rejuvenator, includes feeder hopper (1), barrel (2) and landing leg (3), barrel (2) top is equipped with feeder hopper (1), barrel (2) are supported its characterized in that by landing leg (3): the utility model discloses a crushing roller, including barrel (2), barrel (2) bottom is the fretwork form, barrel (2) intracavity is equipped with conveying roller set (4) and broken roller set (5), conveying roller set (4) are arranged in broken roller set (5) top, conveying roller set (4) top is feeder hopper (1), feeder hopper (1) is the bottleneck form to be equipped with in bottleneck form department and keep off tongue (6), keep off tongue (6) one end can block on the bottleneck form of feeder hopper (1), keep off the tongue (6) other end and pass feeder hopper (1), fixedly connected with crescent portion (7) on the tip, keep off tongue (6) with feeder hopper (1) are articulated to install torsional spring (8) between, conveying roller set (4) and wherein one end of broken roller set (5) all passes barrel (2), the cover is equipped with second driven gear set (9) on the tip of conveying roller set (4), the conveying roller set (4) is provided with two conveying rollers, the second driven gear set (9) is provided with two second driven gears and is meshed with each other, a third driven gear (10) is further sleeved on the end part of one conveying roller of the conveying roller set (4), the third driven gear (10) is meshed with a fourth driven gear (11), the fourth driven gear (11) is sleeved on a first auxiliary rotating shaft (12), the first auxiliary rotating shaft (12) is installed on the barrel body (2) through a bearing, a first eccentric wheel (13) is installed on the end part of the first auxiliary rotating shaft (12), the first eccentric wheel (13) is matched with the crescent part (7), a first driven gear set (14) is sleeved on the end part of the crushing roller set (5), the crushing roller set (5) is provided with two crushing rollers, the first driven gear set (14) is provided with two first driven gears, two first driven gears of the first driven gear set (14) are respectively meshed with two second driven gears of the second driven gear set (9), a driven pulley (15) is further sleeved on the end part of one of the crushing rollers of the crushing roller set (5), the driven pulley (15) is connected with a driving pulley (17) through a belt (16), the driving pulley (17) is sleeved on the output end of a motor (18), the motor (18) is arranged on a bottom plate (19), the bottom plate (19) is horizontally and fixedly installed between the support legs (3), a driving gear (20) is further sleeved on the output end of the motor (18), the driving gear (20) is meshed with a driven gear (21), the driven gear (21) is sleeved on a second auxiliary rotating shaft (22), and the second auxiliary rotating shaft (22) is installed on an auxiliary support (23) through a bearing, the auxiliary support (23) is vertically and fixedly installed between the supporting legs (3), a second eccentric wheel (24) is installed at the end of the second auxiliary rotating shaft (22), a connecting rod (25) is hinged to the second eccentric wheel (24), the connecting rod (25) is hinged to a vibrating screen (26), the vibrating screen (26) is obliquely arranged, the vibrating screen (26) is installed at the corresponding position of the hollow-out shape of the bottom of the barrel body (2), the side portion of the vibrating screen (26) hinged to the connecting rod (25) is connected to the supporting legs (3) through a pressure bearing spring (27), the other end of the vibrating screen (26) is hinged to the supporting legs (3), a screen surface (28) is arranged in the vibrating screen (26), the upper portion of the screen surface (28) is an undamaged layer, and the lower portion of the screen surface (28) is a damaged layer.
2. The apricot kernel hull breaking machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the diameter of the conveying roller group (4) is smaller than that of the crushing roller group (5).
3. The apricot kernel hull breaking machine according to claim 2, characterized in that: and strip grooves are uniformly distributed on the conveying rollers of the conveying roller group (4) along the circumferential direction.
CN201810929688.XA 2018-08-15 2018-08-15 Apricot kernel shell breaking machine Active CN109090627B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810929688.XA CN109090627B (en) 2018-08-15 2018-08-15 Apricot kernel shell breaking machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810929688.XA CN109090627B (en) 2018-08-15 2018-08-15 Apricot kernel shell breaking machine

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CN109090627B true CN109090627B (en) 2021-01-15

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114375636A (en) * 2021-12-03 2022-04-22 岳颜岭 Seed shell breaking planting device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2403829C1 (en) * 2009-04-09 2010-11-20 Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Братский государственный университет" Device for nuts extraction from cedar cone
CN106307557A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-11 湖州师范学院 Continuous rolling type machine for separating green peel from hickory nuts
CN207678806U (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-08-03 台州博大制药机械科技有限公司 A kind of peeling machine
CN107752052A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-03-06 无锡市麦杰机械工程有限公司 A kind of grain and oil processing groundnut sheller

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