CN109089829A - A kind of mixed-matrix and its method that paves for bletilla striata seeds live streaming - Google Patents

A kind of mixed-matrix and its method that paves for bletilla striata seeds live streaming Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109089829A
CN109089829A CN201810876713.2A CN201810876713A CN109089829A CN 109089829 A CN109089829 A CN 109089829A CN 201810876713 A CN201810876713 A CN 201810876713A CN 109089829 A CN109089829 A CN 109089829A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
matrix
mixed
bletilla striata
sand
layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810876713.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵莉
黄春晓
王伟
李战旗
阙莎莎
周毅
冯慧娜
李好胜
杨丙亮
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan Shencheng Institute Of Medicinal Botany Co Ltd
Henan Yunbang Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Henan Shencheng Institute Of Medicinal Botany Co Ltd
Henan Yunbang Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Henan Shencheng Institute Of Medicinal Botany Co Ltd, Henan Yunbang Agricultural Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Henan Shencheng Institute Of Medicinal Botany Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810876713.2A priority Critical patent/CN109089829A/en
Publication of CN109089829A publication Critical patent/CN109089829A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/28Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing peat, moss or sphagnum
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/25Root crops, e.g. potatoes, yams, beet or wasabi
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • A01G24/12Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material containing soil minerals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • A01G24/12Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material containing soil minerals
    • A01G24/15Calcined rock, e.g. perlite, vermiculite or clay aggregates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/40Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure
    • A01G24/44Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure in block, mat or sheet form
    • A01G24/46Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure in block, mat or sheet form multi-layered

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of mixed-matrix for bletilla striata seeds live streaming and its methods that paves, mixed-matrix is made of the 6:4:1:1 mixing by volume of turf, vermiculite, sand, organic fertilizer, the method that paves of mixed-matrix, comprising the following steps: 1) seedbed arranges, 2) spreads rubble, 3) floor file cloth, 4) paving coarse sand, 5) paving matrix.After the above design, the present invention has the advantage that organic fertilizer can provide the nutritional ingredient needed for bletilla striata seeds cell is sprouted, water-retaining agent can guarantee to keep moisture in matrix, ground cloth can effectively retain water and nutrients, the anti-grass of insect prevention, can make germination and emergence is neat, growth uniformly, no mildew, brown stain seed and seedling, without rejecting the seedling that goes mouldy, the design, which makes, to be implemented simply, at low cost, can effectively improve yield.

Description

A kind of mixed-matrix and its method that paves for bletilla striata seeds live streaming
Technical field
The present invention relates to breeding plant technical field, in particular to it is a kind of for bletilla striata seeds live streaming mixed-matrix and its Pave method.
Background technique
The bletilla striata is orchid family bletilla striata platymiscium, and the also known as small bletilla striata, lotus and grass, snow such as end, are national secondary endangered plant, white Splendid achnatherum originates in China, is widely distributed in Yangtze river basin each province, and Korea, Japan are also distributed, the wild dark and damp place of mountain valley hayashishita.Over the past thousands of years one It is directly used as traditional Chinese medicine, major function is sore hemostasis, tonifying lung, detumescence and promoting granulation etc..The bletilla striata is orchid family perennial plant, It is used as medicine with root, there is hemostasis, is reduced swelling, myogenic and other effects.The major functions: pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, gastrorrhagia, gastric ulcer;With quick Hemoglutination, can dextran be chiefly used in surgical operation.It cures the disease for many years by wild resource and health care, resource exhaustion is badly in need of manually Develop this kind.
The bletilla striata breeds usual division propagation or tissue culture propagation, but plant division speed is too slow, limited amount, the seed in fruit pod 10-30 ten thousand, which also only has tens of thousands of grains, has sprouting ability.Tissue culture room aseptic seeding speed is faster than plant division, but at high cost, mesh The bletilla striata live streaming of preceding many researcher's Preliminary Exploitations, has put into production, has greatly reduced cost.
But there is many problems in production application for bletilla striata direct seeding technique, after planting bletilla striata seeds are sprouted small to growing up to Seedling at least needs six months, and occurring the problem of most serious during this is exactly matrix constantly again and again long mould and moss, sprouts Young plant afterwards is threatened Large Scale Death by disease infestation, moss.
Summary of the invention
The problem of the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to bletilla striata young plants vulnerable to disease infestation provides a kind of for bletilla seed The mixed-matrix of son live streaming and its method that paves.
In order to solve the above technical problems, technical solution provided by the invention are as follows: a kind of mixing for bletilla striata seeds live streaming Matrix is made of the 6:4:1:1 mixing by volume of turf, vermiculite, sand, organic fertilizer.
As a preferred embodiment, the turf, vermiculite, sand, organic fertilizer percent by volume be respectively 50%, 33.2%, 8.4%, 8.4%.
As a preferred embodiment, the turf selects import turfy soil.
A kind of method that paves of the mixed-matrix for bletilla striata seeds live streaming, includes the following steps
1) seedbed arranges: the seedbed that depth is 12 centimeters is arranged, digging is 30 centimeters wide among the plain soil layer of seedbed bottom, and 3 The deep seepage ditch of centimetre;
2) paving rubble: pave seepage ditch with rubble, then tile 2 centimeters thick rubble, formed rubble permeable layer;
3) floor file cloth: ground cloth is layered on the rubble permeable layer;
4) spread coarse sand: tile 4 centimeters of thick coarse sands on described ground cloth, at coarse sands layer;
5) spread matrix: matrix selects mixed-matrix described in claim 1, turf, vermiculite, sand by volume before paving Son, organic fertilizer are that 6:4:1:1 ratio mixes, and are sprinkled profoundly water after paving uniformly, and finally pave one layer the matrix and with plank pressure of being sieved again It is flat, at mixed-matrix layer, guarantee the surfacing of mixed-matrix layer, without agglomerate, the final thickness to pave is 6 centimeters.
As a preferred embodiment, coarse sand used is stirred using preceding needing to be added bulky grain water-retaining agent in the step 4), 50 gram/square of dosage.
As a preferred embodiment, it needs to be added when turf used, vermiculite, sand, organic fertilizer mix in the step 5) Middle particulate water retaining agent stirring, 20 gram/square of dosage.
As a preferred embodiment, used in the step 3) cloth be non-woven fabrics.
After the above design, the present invention has the advantage that organic fertilizer, which can provide bletilla striata seeds cell, sprouts institute The nutritional ingredient needed, water-retaining agent can guarantee to keep moisture in matrix, ground cloth can effectively retain water and nutrients, the anti-grass of insect prevention, can be with Make germination and emergence is neat, growth uniformly, no mildew, brown stain seed and seedling, without rejecting mildew seedling, the design makes real It applies simply, it is at low cost, it can effectively improve yield.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is seedbed diagrammatic cross-section.
It is as shown in the figure: 1-- element soil layer, 2-- rubble permeable layer, the ground 3-- cloth, 4-- coarse sands layer, 5-- mixed-matrix layer.
Specific embodiment
Present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
In conjunction with attached drawing, a kind of mixed-matrix for bletilla striata seeds live streaming presses volume by turf, vermiculite, sand, organic fertilizer It is made than 6:4:1:1 mixing.
The turf, vermiculite, sand, organic fertilizer percent by volume be respectively 50%, 33.2%, 8.4%, 8.4%.
The turf selects import turfy soil.
A kind of method that paves of the mixed-matrix for bletilla striata seeds live streaming, includes the following steps
1) seedbed arranges: the seedbed that depth is 12 centimeters is arranged, digging is 30 centimeters wide among the plain soil layer 1 of seedbed bottom, and 3 The deep seepage ditch of centimetre;
2) paving rubble: pave seepage ditch with rubble, then tile 2 centimeters thick rubble, formed rubble permeable layer 2;
3) floor file cloth: ground cloth 3 is layered on the rubble permeable layer 2;
4) spread coarse sand: tile 4 centimeters of thick coarse sands on described ground cloth 3, at coarse sands layer 4;
5) spread matrix: matrix selects mixed-matrix described in claim 1, turf, vermiculite, sand, organic fertilizer before paving It is that 6:4:1:1 ratio mixes by volume, is sprinkled profoundly water after paving uniformly, finally paves one layer the matrix and with plank pressure of being sieved again It is flat, at mixed-matrix layer 5, guarantee the surfacing of mixed-matrix layer 5, without agglomerate, the final thickness to pave is 6 centimeters.
Coarse sand used is stirred using preceding needing to be added bulky grain water-retaining agent in the step 4), 50 gram/square of dosage.
Particulate water retaining agent stirring in needing to be added when turf used, vermiculite, sand, organic fertilizer mix in the step 5), 20 gram/square of dosage.
Used in the step 3) cloth 3 be non-woven fabrics.
The present invention and its embodiments have been described above, this description is no restricted, shown in the drawings Only one of embodiments of the present invention, actual design and proportion are not limited thereto.All in all if this field it is general Logical technical staff is enlightened by it, without departing from the spirit of the invention, is not inventively designed and the technology The similar frame mode of scheme and embodiment, are within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of mixed-matrix for bletilla striata seeds live streaming, it is characterised in that: press volume by turf, vermiculite, sand, organic fertilizer It is made than 6:4:1:1 mixing.
2. a kind of mixed-matrix for bletilla striata seeds live streaming according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the grass Charcoal, vermiculite, sand, organic fertilizer volume be respectively percentage be respectively 50%, 33.2%, 8.4%, 8.4%.
3. a kind of mixed-matrix for bletilla striata seeds live streaming according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the turf Select import turfy soil.
4. a kind of method that paves of the described in any item mixed-matrixes for bletilla striata seeds live streaming of claims 1 to 3, feature It is, includes the following steps
1) seedbed arranges: arranging the seedbed that depth is 12 centimeters, digging is 30 centimeters wide among the plain soil layer (1) of seedbed bottom, and 3 is public Divide deep seepage ditch;
2) paving rubble: pave seepage ditch with rubble, then tile 2 centimeters thick rubble, formed rubble permeable layer (2);
3) floor file cloth: ground cloth (3) is layered on the rubble permeable layer (2);
4) spread coarse sand: tile 4 centimeters of thick coarse sands on described ground cloth (3), at coarse sands layer (4);
5) spread matrix: matrix selects mixed-matrix described in claim 1, before paving by volume turf, vermiculite, sand, have Machine fertilizer is that 6:4:1:1 ratio mixes, and is sprinkled profoundly water after paving uniformly, and finally pave one layer to be sieved again matrix and is flattened with plank, at Mixed-matrix layer (5) guarantees the surfacing of mixed-matrix layer (5), without agglomerate, and the final thickness to pave is 6 centimeters.
5. according to the method described in claim 4, it is characterized by: coarse sand used is big using preceding needing to be added in the step 4) Particulate water retaining agent stirring, 50 gram/square of dosage.
6. according to the method described in claim 4, it is characterized by: turf used in the step 5), vermiculite, sand, organic Particulate water retaining agent stirring in needing to be added when fertilizer mixes, 20 gram/square of dosage.
7. according to the method described in claim 4, it is characterized by: used in the step 3) cloth (3) be non-woven fabrics.
CN201810876713.2A 2018-08-03 2018-08-03 A kind of mixed-matrix and its method that paves for bletilla striata seeds live streaming Pending CN109089829A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110972888A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-04-10 河海大学 Method for preparing porous vegetation solidified soil by utilizing sludge and construction waste

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CN103262689A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-08-28 天津天一景观规划设计有限公司 Coastal saline-alkali soil terrace type afforesting method for improvement of dredger fill
CN103270863A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-09-04 陕西师范大学 Bletilla striata rapid propagation seedling cultivation method
CN103404266A (en) * 2013-08-05 2013-11-27 陕西师范大学 Propagation method of bletilla striata
CN103609312A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-05 华儒强 Outdoor bletilla striata seed sowing and breeding method
CN203884355U (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-10-22 龚福明 Domestication and transplanting bed special for Bletilla tissue-cultured seedlings
CN105379551A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-03-09 陕西师范大学 Bletilla ochracea direct-seeded seedling transplanting method
CN105421562A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-03-23 中国科学院测量与地球物理研究所 Green belt with initial rainwater road surface runoff purifying function and water storage function
CN106358823A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-01 遵义联谷农业科技有限公司 Bletilla striata culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN106358664A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-01 任鑫 Method for sexually breeding Bletilla striata seedlings on large scale by simulating natural conditions
CN107056434A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-08-18 云南恩润生物科技发展有限公司 Bletilla striata seeds direct sowing and seedling matrix and preparation method thereof
CN107060043A (en) * 2017-04-15 2017-08-18 苏州中海建筑设计有限公司 A kind of sponge urban ecology grass planting ditch
CN107896851A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-04-13 遵义医学院 A kind of live fast numerous method of bletilla earth culture
CN108029490A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-05-15 遵义琦琅生物技术咨询有限公司 A kind of bletilla striata seeds direct sowing and seedling matrix and its method for culturing seedlings
CN108124732A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-06-08 亳州学院 Dabie Mountain wild bletilla striata nutrition sowing media configuration method

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103270863A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-09-04 陕西师范大学 Bletilla striata rapid propagation seedling cultivation method
CN103262689A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-08-28 天津天一景观规划设计有限公司 Coastal saline-alkali soil terrace type afforesting method for improvement of dredger fill
CN103404266A (en) * 2013-08-05 2013-11-27 陕西师范大学 Propagation method of bletilla striata
CN103609312A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-05 华儒强 Outdoor bletilla striata seed sowing and breeding method
CN203884355U (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-10-22 龚福明 Domestication and transplanting bed special for Bletilla tissue-cultured seedlings
CN105421562A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-03-23 中国科学院测量与地球物理研究所 Green belt with initial rainwater road surface runoff purifying function and water storage function
CN105379551A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-03-09 陕西师范大学 Bletilla ochracea direct-seeded seedling transplanting method
CN106358664A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-01 任鑫 Method for sexually breeding Bletilla striata seedlings on large scale by simulating natural conditions
CN106358823A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-01 遵义联谷农业科技有限公司 Bletilla striata culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN107056434A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-08-18 云南恩润生物科技发展有限公司 Bletilla striata seeds direct sowing and seedling matrix and preparation method thereof
CN107060043A (en) * 2017-04-15 2017-08-18 苏州中海建筑设计有限公司 A kind of sponge urban ecology grass planting ditch
CN108124732A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-06-08 亳州学院 Dabie Mountain wild bletilla striata nutrition sowing media configuration method
CN107896851A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-04-13 遵义医学院 A kind of live fast numerous method of bletilla earth culture
CN108029490A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-05-15 遵义琦琅生物技术咨询有限公司 A kind of bletilla striata seeds direct sowing and seedling matrix and its method for culturing seedlings

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110972888A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-04-10 河海大学 Method for preparing porous vegetation solidified soil by utilizing sludge and construction waste
CN110972888B (en) * 2019-12-16 2022-03-08 河海大学 Method for preparing porous vegetation solidified soil by utilizing sludge and construction waste

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