CN109089569B - Agricultural is with quick reducing mechanism of energy-concerving and environment-protective straw - Google Patents

Agricultural is with quick reducing mechanism of energy-concerving and environment-protective straw Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109089569B
CN109089569B CN201810557770.4A CN201810557770A CN109089569B CN 109089569 B CN109089569 B CN 109089569B CN 201810557770 A CN201810557770 A CN 201810557770A CN 109089569 B CN109089569 B CN 109089569B
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China
Prior art keywords
box
bolts
crushing
bolt
straw
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CN201810557770.4A
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CN109089569A (en
Inventor
刘启标
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NANJING SHENFA METALLURGICAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co.,Ltd.
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Nanjing Shenfa Metallurgical Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/02Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis
    • A01F29/025Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis with feeding direction parallel to axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • A01F29/16Safety devices, e.g. emergency brake arrangements
    • A01F29/18Safety devices, e.g. emergency brake arrangements for protecting human beings

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of agriculture, and particularly relates to an agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device, aiming at the problems of simple structure, low smashing efficiency and low use safety performance of the existing straw smashing device, the following scheme is provided, wherein the straw rapid smashing device comprises a flat car base, the top of the flat car base is connected with a drying box through a bolt, the top of the drying box is connected with a crushing box through a bolt, one side of the crushing box is connected with a feeding box through a bolt, and the bottom of the feeding box is connected with a support frame through a bolt. According to the straw crushing device, straws are added from the feeding port of the feeding box, the rotating conveying harrow nails can uniformly dial the straws into the crushing box, the straw blocking phenomenon of the crushing device can be avoided, the straw scraps in the collecting net cage are pushed into the straw scrap collecting bag by the push plate, manual bagging is not needed, the carrying and the storage are convenient, the recycling of the straws is completed, the waste of resources is avoided, and the straw crushing device is energy-saving and environment-friendly.

Description

Agricultural is with quick reducing mechanism of energy-concerving and environment-protective straw
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agriculture, in particular to an energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device for agriculture.
Background
The straw is a general term of stem leaf (ear) part of mature crops. Typically refers to the remainder of the wheat, rice, corn, potatoes, oilseed rape, cotton, sugar cane and other crops (typically roughages) after harvesting the seed. More than half of the products of crop photosynthesis exist in the straws, and the straws are rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, organic matters and the like, are multipurpose renewable biological resources, and are also coarse feed. It features high coarse fibre content and lignin content. Although the lignocellulose cannot be utilized by pigs and chickens, the lignocellulose can be absorbed and utilized by livestock such as ruminants, cattle and sheep. The utilization of crop straws by Chinese farmers has a long history, but only because of low agricultural production level, low yield and small quantity of straws, most of the straws are used as fuel and burnt except that a small quantity of straws are used for gaskets and feeding livestock and part of straws are used for composting. With the development of agricultural production, the grain yield is greatly improved, the quantity of straws is large, and in addition, the popularization of coal burning and liquefied gas use makes a great amount of surplus straws exist in rural areas.
At present, agricultural production personnel can carry out crushing treatment with the straw, convenient transportation and storage, but, current straw reducing mechanism simple structure smashes inefficiency, and the safety in utilization performance is low simultaneously.
Disclosure of Invention
Based on the technical problems of simple structure, low crushing efficiency and low use safety performance of the conventional straw crushing device, the invention provides an agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid crushing device.
The invention provides an agricultural energy-saving environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device which comprises a flat car base, wherein the top of the flat car base is connected with a drying box through a bolt, the top of the drying box is connected with a crushing box through a bolt, one side of the crushing box is connected with a feeding box through a bolt, the bottom of the feeding box is connected with a supporting frame through a bolt, one side of the feeding box is provided with an access hole, the access hole is connected with a sealing plate through a bolt, the bottom of the supporting frame is connected with a vertically arranged supporting plate through a bolt, the bottom of the supporting plate is connected with the drying box through a bolt, one side inside the drying box is connected with a vertically arranged isolation mesh plate through a bolt, the inner walls of the two sides of the drying box are connected with heaters which are distributed equidistantly through bolts, one end of the drying box is connected with a collecting mesh cage through a bolt, and discharging, the top end of the feeding port of the feeding box is connected with an infrared human body sensor through a bolt, one end of the top of the drying box is connected with an air blower through a bolt, the air blower is positioned between the supporting plate and the crushing box, the air outlet of the air blower is connected with a blast hood through a pipeline, the blast hood is installed at one end inside the drying box through a bolt, the inlet of the air blower is connected with a protective net plate through a bolt, the inner wall of the top and the inner wall of the bottom of the collecting net cage are both connected with electric guide rails through bolts, electric slide blocks are embedded at one sides of the two electric guide rails, one side of the two electric slide blocks, which are close to each other, is connected with a same vertically arranged push plate through a bolt, the outer circumferential walls of the two discharging pipes are both sleeved with clamps, straw scrap collecting bags are clamped between the two clamps and, and the circumference outer wall of two axis of rotation all has cup jointed the conveying roller, and the surface of two conveying rollers all has the transport rake nail of crisscross setting each other through bolted connection, and there is the housing one side of support frame through bolted connection, and there is step motor one side of housing through bolted connection, and step motor's output shaft is connected with two axis of rotation transmissions through the drive belt respectively, and the opposite side of support frame articulates there is the dodge gate.
Preferably, both ends of two sides of the platform lorry base are connected with vertically arranged pedal hydraulic oil cylinders through bolts, and the bottoms of the four hydraulic oil cylinders are connected with damping feet through bolts.
Preferably, there are supporting grid plates at the bottom of the crushing box and the communicating part of the drying box through bolts, two vertically-arranged crushing shafts are connected between the supporting grid plates and the inner wall of the top of the crushing box through bearings, crushing rollers are sleeved on the outer walls of the circumferences of the two crushing shafts, crushing cutter teeth which are arranged in a staggered mode are connected on the surfaces of the two crushing rollers through bolts, two speed reducers are connected to the top of the crushing box through bolts, driving motors are connected to the input shafts of the two speed reducers through bolts respectively, and the output ends of the two speed reducers are in transmission connection with the two crushing shafts through bolts.
Preferably, the top of the crushing box is connected with a motor cover through a bolt, the two speed reducers and the two driving motors are located inside the motor cover, and the bottoms of the two driving motors are connected with the crushing box through bolts.
Preferably, the feeding box is connected with the feeding plate that the level set up through bolted connection in the junction both ends of support frame, and the one end that two feeding plates are close to each other all seted up with carry harrow nail assorted logical groove.
Preferably, the opening of rectangle structure is seted up to the top opposite side of drying cabinet, and open-ended one end articulates there is the apron, and the other end of apron passes through the hasp lock and is connected with the drying cabinet is firm.
Preferably, the driving motor and the stepping motor are connected with a controller through a switch, the infrared human body sensor is connected with a signal input end of the controller through a signal line, and the switch and the controller are connected with the drying box through bolts.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. according to the agricultural straw smashing device, straws are added from the feeding port of the feeding box, the rotating conveying harrow nails can uniformly dial the straws into the crushing box, the straw blockage phenomenon of the smashing device can be avoided, meanwhile, the straws enter the crushing box at a constant speed and are quickly smashed by the rotating crushing cutter teeth, straw scraps fall into the drying box, the quick smashing work of the straws is completed, and the working stability of the straw smashing device is improved.
2. According to the agricultural straw smashing device, straw scraps enter the drying box, air flow blown out by the air blower is conveyed into the collecting net cage, meanwhile, the straw scraps can be dried by the heater according to the conditions of the straws, the water content of the straws is reduced, the storage time of the straw scraps is prolonged, the electric sliding block works, the straw scraps in the collecting net cage are pushed into the straw scrap collecting bag by the push plate, manual bagging is not needed, the carrying and the storage are convenient, the recycling of the straws is completed, the waste of resources is avoided, and the device is energy-saving and environment-friendly.
3. According to the agricultural straw smashing device, during the process of adding straws, the infrared human body sensor senses the position of the hand of a worker, when the hand of the worker stretches into the straw smashing device, the controller controls the straw smashing device to stop, so that the safety performance of the straw smashing device is high, when the agricultural straw smashing device is used, the foot-operated hydraulic oil cylinder can be used for lifting and descending the damping feet, the straw smashing device is convenient to move, meanwhile, the stability of the smashing device is kept during working, and convenience is brought to the worker.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional structural view of an agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device provided by the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a collecting cylinder mould of the agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device provided by the invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of the agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device provided by the invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a crushing box of the agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid crushing device provided by the invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic side view of the agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device provided by the invention.
In the figure: the device comprises a flat car base 1, a crushing box 2, a drying box 3, a blowing cover 4, a blower 5, a supporting plate 6, a supporting frame 7, a rotating shaft 8, a conveying roller 9, a conveying harrow pin 10, an infrared human body sensor 11, a feeding box 12, a movable door 13, a feeding plate 14, a sealing plate 15, a motor cover 16, a driving motor 17, a speed reducer 18, a crushing cutter tooth 19, a crushing roller 20, a crushing shaft 21, a grid plate 22, an isolation screen plate 23, a heater 24, a collecting net cage 25, a discharging pipe 26, a hydraulic oil cylinder 27, a damping footing 28, a pushing plate 29, an electric slider 30, an electric guide rail 31, a straw scrap collecting bag 32, a hoop 33, a housing 34, a stepping motor 35, a cover plate 36 and a protective screen.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1-5, an agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device comprises a flat car base 1, the top of the flat car base 1 is connected with a drying box 3 through a bolt, the top of the drying box 3 is connected with a crushing box 2 through a bolt, one side of the crushing box 2 is connected with a feeding box 12 through a bolt, the bottom of the feeding box 12 is connected with a supporting frame 7 through a bolt, one side of the feeding box 12 is provided with an access hole, the access hole is connected with a closing plate 15 through a bolt, the bottom of the supporting frame 7 is connected with a vertically arranged supporting plate 6 through a bolt, the bottom of the supporting plate 6 is connected with the drying box 3 through a bolt, one side inside the drying box 3 is connected with a vertically arranged isolation mesh plate 23 through a bolt, the inner walls of two sides of the drying box 3 are connected with heaters 24 which are distributed at equal intervals through bolts, one, and the two ends of the collecting net cage 25 are welded with the discharging pipes 26, the top end of the feeding port of the feeding box 12 is connected with the infrared human body sensor 11 through bolts, one end of the top of the drying box 3 is connected with the air blower 5 through bolts, the air blower 5 is positioned between the supporting plate 6 and the crushing box 2, the air outlet of the air blower 5 is connected with the air blowing cover 4 through a pipeline, the air blowing cover 4 is arranged at one end of the inner part of the drying box 3 through bolts, the inlet of the air blower 5 is connected with the protective net plate 37 through bolts, the inner walls of the top and the bottom of the collecting net cage 25 are connected with the electric guide rails 31 through bolts, the electric slide blocks 30 are embedded at the mutually close sides of the two electric guide rails 31, one side barrel of the two electric slide blocks 30 mutually close to each other is connected with the same vertically arranged push plate 29 through bolts, the circumferential outer walls of the two discharging, be connected with two axis of rotation 8 through the bearing between the junction of feeding case 12 and support frame 7, and the circumference outer wall of two axis of rotation 8 has all cup jointed conveying roller 9, the surface of two conveying roller 9 all has the transport rake 10 of crisscross setting each other through bolted connection, there is housing 34 one side of support frame 7 through bolted connection, and there is step motor 35 one side of housing 34 through bolted connection, step motor 35's output shaft is connected with two 8 transmissions of axis of rotation through the drive belt respectively, support frame 7's opposite side articulates there is dodge gate 13.
In the invention, two ends of two sides of a flat car base 1 are both connected with vertically arranged pedal hydraulic oil cylinders 27 through bolts, the bottoms of the four hydraulic oil cylinders 27 are all connected with damping feet 28 through bolts, the communicating part of the bottom of a crushing box 2 and a drying box 3 is connected with a supporting grid plate 22 through bolts, two vertically arranged crushing shafts 21 are connected between the supporting grid plate 22 and the inner wall of the top part of the crushing box 2 through bearings, the circumferential outer walls of the two crushing shafts 21 are both sleeved with crushing rollers 20, the surfaces of the two crushing rollers 20 are both connected with staggered crushing cutter teeth 19 through bolts, the top part of the crushing box 2 is connected with two speed reducers 18 through bolts, input shafts of the two speed reducers 18 are respectively connected with a driving motor 17 through bolts, the output ends of the two speed reducers 18 are in transmission connection with the two crushing shafts 21 through bolts, and the top part of the crushing box 2 is connected, the two speed reducers 18 and the two driving motors 17 are positioned inside the motor cover 16, and the bottoms of the two driving motors 17 are connected with the crushing box 2 through bolts;
all there is the feed plate 14 that the level set up at the junction both ends of feed box 12 and support frame 7 through bolted connection, and two feed plate 14 one ends that are close to each other all seted up and carry rake nail 10 assorted logical groove, the opening of rectangle structure is seted up to the top opposite side of drying cabinet 3, and open-ended one end articulates there is apron 36, the other end of apron 36 is through hasp lock and 3 firm connections of drying cabinet, driving motor 17 and step motor 35 have the controller through switch connection, and 11 passing signal lines of infrared ray human body sensor are connected with the signal input part of controller, switch and controller pass through the bolt and are connected with drying cabinet 3.
When the straw smashing device is used, the straw smashing device is pulled to reach a working place, the damping feet 28 are lowered by the aid of the pedal type hydraulic oil cylinders 27, straws are added from a feeding port of the feeding box 12, the straws can be uniformly pushed into the crushing box 2 by the rotating conveying harrow nails 10, the phenomenon that the smashing device is blocked by the straws can be avoided, meanwhile, the straws enter the crushing box 2 at a constant speed and are quickly crushed by the rotating crushing cutter teeth 19, straw scraps fall into the drying box 3 to finish quick smashing work of the straws, in the process of adding the straws, the infrared human body sensor 11 senses the position of a hand of a worker, when the hand of the worker stretches into an unsafe state, the controller controls the straw smashing device to stop, the safety performance of the straw smashing device is high, the straw scraps enter the drying box 3 and are conveyed to the collecting net cage 25 by the aid of air flow blown by the air blower 5, meanwhile, the heater 24 can be used for drying according to the conditions of the straws, the water content of the straws is reduced, the storage time of the straw scraps is prolonged, the electric sliding block 30 works, the straw scraps in the collecting net cage 25 are pushed into the straw scrap collecting bag 32 by the aid of the push plate 29, manual bagging is not needed, and the straw scraps are convenient to carry and store.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device comprises a flat car base (1) and is characterized in that the top of the flat car base (1) is connected with a drying box (3) through a bolt, the top of the drying box (3) is connected with a crushing box (2) through a bolt, one side of the crushing box (2) is connected with a feeding box (12) through a bolt, the bottom of the feeding box (12) is connected with a supporting frame (7) through a bolt, one side of the feeding box (12) is provided with an access hole, the access hole is connected with a sealing plate (15) through a bolt, the bottom of the supporting frame (7) is connected with a vertically arranged supporting plate (6) through a bolt, the bottom of the supporting plate (6) is connected with the drying box (3) through a bolt, one side of the inside of the drying box (3) is connected with a vertically arranged isolation mesh plate, the inner walls of the two sides of the drying box (3) are connected with heaters (24) which are distributed equidistantly through bolts, one end of the drying box (3) is connected with a collecting net cage (25) through bolts, discharging pipes (26) are welded at the two ends of the collecting net cage (25), the top end of the feeding port of the feeding box (12) is connected with an infrared human body sensor (11) through bolts, one end of the top of the drying box (3) is connected with a blower (5) through bolts, the blower (5) is located between the supporting plate (6) and the crushing box (2), the air outlet of the blower (5) is connected with a blast hood (4) through a pipeline, the blast hood (4) is installed at one end inside the drying box (3) through bolts, and the inlet of the blower (5) is connected with a protective screen plate (37); the top inner wall and the bottom inner wall of the collecting net cage (25) are both connected with electric guide rails (31) through bolts, electric sliding blocks (30) are embedded on the sides, close to each other, of the two electric guide rails (31), one side, close to each other, of each electric sliding block (30) is connected with the same vertically arranged push plate (29) through bolts, hoops (33) are sleeved on the outer walls of the circumferences of the two discharging pipes (26), and straw scrap collecting bags (32) are clamped between the two hoops (33) and the two discharging pipes (26); be connected with two axis of rotation (8) through the bearing between the junction of feeding case (12) and support frame (7), and the circumference outer wall of two axis of rotation (8) has all cup jointed conveying roller (9), the surface of two conveying roller (9) all has transport rake nail (10) of crisscross setting each other through bolted connection, there is housing (34) one side of support frame (7) through bolted connection, and there is step motor (35) one side of housing (34) through bolted connection, the output shaft of step motor (35) is connected with two axis of rotation (8) transmissions through the drive belt respectively, the opposite side of support frame (7) articulates there is dodge gate (13).
2. The agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device according to claim 1, wherein two ends of two sides of the flat car base (1) are connected with vertically arranged pedal hydraulic oil cylinders (27) through bolts, and the bottoms of the four hydraulic oil cylinders (27) are connected with shock absorption bottom feet (28) through bolts.
3. The agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that a supporting grid plate (22) is connected with the communication part of the bottom of the crushing box (2) and the drying box (3) through bolts, two vertically arranged crushing shafts (21) are connected between the supporting grid plate (22) and the inner wall of the top part of the crushing box (2) through bearings, the outer circumferential walls of the two crushing shafts (21) are sleeved with crushing rollers (20), the surfaces of the two crushing rollers (20) are connected with the crushing cutter teeth (19) which are arranged in a staggered way through bolts, the top of the crushing box (2) is connected with two speed reducers (18) through bolts, and the input shafts of the two speed reducers (18) are respectively connected with a driving motor (17) through bolts, and the output ends of the two speed reducers (18) are in transmission connection with the two crushing shafts (21) through bolts.
4. The agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device according to claim 1, wherein a motor cover (16) is connected to the top of the smashing box (2) through bolts, the two speed reducers (18) and the two driving motors (17) are located inside the motor cover (16), and the bottoms of the two driving motors (17) are connected with the smashing box (2) through bolts.
5. The agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device according to claim 1, wherein two ends of a joint of the feeding box (12) and the support frame (7) are respectively connected with a horizontally arranged feeding plate (14) through bolts, and one ends of the two feeding plates (14) close to each other are respectively provided with a through groove matched with the conveying raking nails (10).
6. The agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device according to claim 1, wherein an opening of a rectangular structure is formed in the other side of the top of the drying box (3), a cover plate (36) is hinged to one end of the opening, and the other end of the cover plate (36) is firmly connected with the drying box (3) through a hasp lock.
7. The agricultural energy-saving and environment-friendly straw rapid smashing device according to claim 3, wherein the driving motor (17) and the stepping motor (35) are connected with a controller through a switch, the infrared human body sensor (11) is connected with a signal input end of the controller through a signal line, and the switch and the controller are connected with the drying box (3) through bolts.
CN201810557770.4A 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 Agricultural is with quick reducing mechanism of energy-concerving and environment-protective straw Active CN109089569B (en)

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CN206993782U (en) * 2017-07-27 2018-02-13 李清华 A kind of straw millstone with drying function
CN107691971A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-16 郑州艾莫弗信息技术有限公司 Energy-conservation and hot gas reusable edible food drying device
CN208480321U (en) * 2018-06-01 2019-02-12 张大辉 A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly stalk fast-crushing device of agricultural

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US5822962A (en) * 1996-04-26 1998-10-20 New Holland North America, Inc. Crop processor apparatus for pull-type forage harvester
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205269801U (en) * 2015-12-20 2016-06-01 傅秀治 Reducing mechanism for high efficiency environmental protection type animal feed
CN107251775A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-10-17 刘超 Intelligent plant flowerpot system
CN107211666A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-09-29 合肥多智科技开发有限公司 Stalk crushing, stirring drying device
CN206993782U (en) * 2017-07-27 2018-02-13 李清华 A kind of straw millstone with drying function
CN107691971A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-16 郑州艾莫弗信息技术有限公司 Energy-conservation and hot gas reusable edible food drying device
CN208480321U (en) * 2018-06-01 2019-02-12 张大辉 A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly stalk fast-crushing device of agricultural

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