CN109053079A - A kind of production method of artificial marine habitat - Google Patents

A kind of production method of artificial marine habitat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109053079A
CN109053079A CN201811059286.5A CN201811059286A CN109053079A CN 109053079 A CN109053079 A CN 109053079A CN 201811059286 A CN201811059286 A CN 201811059286A CN 109053079 A CN109053079 A CN 109053079A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
finished product
cement
product obtained
semi
foaming agent
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811059286.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王清
栾金津
郑旭
王宁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong University of Science and Technology
Original Assignee
Shandong University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong University of Science and Technology filed Critical Shandong University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201811059286.5A priority Critical patent/CN109053079A/en
Publication of CN109053079A publication Critical patent/CN109053079A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/70Artificial fishing banks or reefs
    • A01K61/77Artificial fishing banks or reefs of monolithic form, e.g. blocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/14Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by simple casting, the material being neither forcibly fed nor positively compacted
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/48Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by removing material from solid section preforms for forming hollow articles, e.g. by punching or boring
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/50Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material specially adapted for producing articles of expanded material, e.g. cellular concrete
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/06Aluminous cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/02Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by adding chemical blowing agents
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of production methods of artificial marine habitat, comprising the following steps: cement, admixture, additive, water are uniformly mixed by S1 in specific proportions, are added chemical foaming agent and are stirred;S2, by semi-finished product obtained by S1 be poured into die for molding, it is quiet stop paying out bubble, conserve after demoulding to age;S3, to semi-finished product obtained by S2 carry out punching processing to get.Preparation method of the invention is simple and easy to do, it is handled by the selection of raw material, chemical blowing and punching, assembled watch area made from making is bigger, inside and outside has Micro-v oid, it is self-possessed lower, conducive to the inhabiting of fish and other marine organisms, breeds, grows, conducive to biological density is improved, it is conducive to efficiently utilize marine resources.

Description

A kind of production method of artificial marine habitat
Technical field
The present invention relates to artificial marine habitat fields, and in particular to a kind of production method of artificial marine habitat.
Background technique
Granite stone powder is the break flour waste material that granite generates during cutting processing.In slabstone Industrial Area, largely Granite stone powder waste material is unable to get timely processing, and a large amount of granite stone powder can be due to accumulating and land occupation for a long time. And granite stone powder quality is thin, and difficulty is set, and when strong wind easily flies upward completely, and the rainy day then flows into river with rainwater, can not only pollute Environment and huge harm can be generated to human body.
Natural fish shelter is the anatomy of fish or waste that steck is put etc., a kind of reef made of the accumulation by many years.It is this The reefs rough surface of formation is accumulated in nature for a long time, is suitble to the attachment of fish-egg, to play the role of protecting fish-egg.
Artificial marine habitat is the biological characteristics assembled at rock reef and shipwreck according to marine organisms such as fish, utilizes obsolete vessel The materials such as oceangoing ship, concrete component, steel, old tire, to protect and being proliferated fishery resources and artificially in the structure of marine setting.
The existing artificial marine habitat being prepared by concreting, on the one hand, its surface is smooth to be unfavorable for the glutinous of fish-egg Attached, the fish-egg sticked, which is unable to get, to be effectively protected, and survival rate is low, and productivity is to be improved;On the other hand, density is about 2500Kg/m3, up to several tons even tens tons of monomer self weight, it is unfavorable for transporting and launches, human and material resources, financial resources investment is high, make Industry time length, low efficiency.
Summary of the invention
To overcome deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides that a kind of self weight is low, surface area is big and surface or interior The production method that portion has the artificial marine habitat of Micro-v oid.The invention is realized by the following technical scheme: a kind of system of artificial marine habitat Make method, comprising the following steps:
Cement, admixture, additive, water are uniformly mixed by S1 in specific proportions, add chemical foaming agent stirring Mixing;
S2, by semi-finished product obtained by S1 be poured into die for molding, it is quiet stop paying out bubble, conserve after demoulding to age;
S3, to semi-finished product obtained by S2 carry out punching processing to get.
Preferably, in S1, the admixture includes granite stone powder.
Preferably, in S1, the cement includes sulphate aluminium cement, and the additive includes exciting agent and foam stabilizer, The chemical foaming agent includes hydrogen peroxide.
Preferably, the density of finished product obtained by S3 is 230~260kg/m3
Preferably, in S2, the size of the mold is 1.5m × 1.5m × 1.5m;In S3, to semi-finished product obtained by S2 Opposite face carry out multiple through punchings.
Preferably, in S1, it is 8~12s that the time being stirred after the chemical foaming agent, which is added,.
Preferably, in S1, the cement includes portland cement, and the admixture includes flyash, the additive Including water-reducing agent and foam stabilizer, the chemical foaming agent includes hydrogen peroxide.
Preparation method of the invention is simple and easy to do, is handled by the selection of raw material, chemical blowing and punching, make it is obtained at Product surface area is bigger, inside and outside has Micro-v oid, is self-possessed lower, conducive to the inhabiting of fish and other marine organisms, breeds, gives birth to It is long, it is conducive to improve biological density, is conducive to efficiently utilize marine resources;Also to granite stone powder, dexterously waste is sharp again by the present invention With, and be conducive to promote the secured performance of obtained product.
Detailed description of the invention
Invention is further described in detail in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of finished product obtained by the embodiment of the present invention.
Each label corresponding as follows, concrete 1, through-hole 2, abscess 3 in figure.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further described With reference to embodiment:
As an example, the production method of the present embodiment artificial marine habitat, comprising the following steps:
Using the ordinary portland cement 86% (wt) marked as 42.5R, admixture uses flyash for step 1, cement 14% (wt), ratio of water to material 0.43, additive include water-reducing agent and foam stabilizer, and volume accounts for cement cementitious material quality respectively 1.48% (wt) and 0.013% (wt), chemical foaming agent use hydrogen peroxide, and volume accounts for the 7% of cement cementitious material quality (wt), above-mentioned cement, admixture, additive, water are mixed and carries out high-speed stirred to uniform, mixing time control exists 4min-5min;Above-mentioned chemical foaming agent is added to again and continues to stir in slurry, mixing time is preferably controlled in 10s or so.
It should be noted that after incorporation chemical foaming agent, it will be cement cementitious in preferably quick short time (preferably 8~12s) Material stirs and evenly mixs, in this way, foaming effect can be made more evenly consistent, quality entirety homogeneity is also more preferable, while being conducive to subsequent beat Ring product structure intensity is not broken while hole.
Step 2, by step 1 gained slurry be poured into having a size of 1.5m × 1.5m × 1.5m square die for molding, It is quiet to stop paying out bubble, it demoulds after 24 hours, conserves under air-proof condition to age 28 days indoors.
When it is implemented, mold size, shape can be changed as the case may be, preferably square shape, such as This product obtained is not only convenient for production, handling, and structural strength is more preferable, and service life is also longer.
Step 3 punches square semi-finished product made from step 2 using electric hammer, and preferably its six face is punched and right It interpenetrates to get finished product in face hole.Finished product is as shown in Figure 1, the diameter for the through-hole 2 that punching is formed is 20cm, positioned at the same face Pitch-row between upper adjacent through-holes 2 is 25cm (the distance between center of circle to the center of circle), in this way, the hollow volume that punching is formed reaches 2.045m3, solid volume is 1.33m3, 319.2kg, density 240kg/m are weighed about certainly3.Its quality and normal concrete pour and At fish shelter compare, about the 1/10 of normal concrete fish shelter, self weight substantially reduces.After punching is handled, gained is increased The surface area and surface roughness of product conducive to the inhabiting of fish and other marine organisms, are bred, are grown, be conducive to improve biology Density is conducive to efficiently utilize marine resources.Due to passing through chemical blowing, as shown in Figure 1, the surface of concrete 1 and it is internal throughout Abscess 3 also has connectivity structure between some abscesses 3, accumulates in this way, being conducive to the retention to nutriment in seawater, certainly also Conducive to marine organisms such as fish-egg implantation, stick secured, more conducively fish-egg survives, and can play the effect of shoal of fish proliferation.
As another example, the production method of the present embodiment artificial marine habitat, comprising the following steps:
Step 1, cement use sulphate aluminium cement 85% (wt), and admixture uses granite stone powder 15% (wt), water material Than being 0.43, additive includes exciting agent and foam stabilizer, volume account for respectively cement cementitious material quality 0.5% (wt) and 0.02% (wt), chemical foaming agent use hydrogen peroxide, and volume accounts for 3.5% (wt) of cement cementitious material quality, will be above-mentioned Cement, admixture, additive, water mix and carry out high-speed stirred to uniform, and mixing time is controlled in 4min-5min;It again will be upper The chemical foaming agent stated, which is added to, to be continued to stir in slurry, and mixing time is preferably controlled in 10s or so.
Step 2, by step 1 gained slurry be poured into having a size of 1.5m × 1.5m × 1.5m square die for molding, It is quiet to stop paying out bubble, it demoulds after 24 hours, conserves under air-proof condition to age 28 days indoors.
Step 3 punches square semi-finished product made from step 2 using electric hammer, and preferably its six face is punched and right It interpenetrates to get finished product in face hole.Finished product is as shown in Figure 1, the diameter for the through-hole 2 that punching is formed is 20cm, positioned at the same face Pitch-row between upper adjacent through-holes 2 is 25cm (the distance between center of circle to the center of circle), in this way, the hollow volume that punching is formed reaches 2.045m3, solid volume is 1.33m3, 333.8kg, density 251kg/m are weighed about certainly3
The admixture of the present embodiment uses granite stone powder, also eliminates while to refuse reclamation instead of flyash Its adverse effect to environment is additionally favorable for the secured performance resisted seawater invasion, promote obtained product;By with it is above-mentioned its The combination of its raw material, more preferable to the utilizing status of granite stone powder, the secured performance of obtained product is also more superior.
In some other embodiment, when it is implemented, it is preferred that the density of finished product obtained is 230~260kg/m3, should Density can make finished product self weight, surface area and structural strength obtain whole machine balancing superior function.
It should be understood that for those of ordinary skills, it can be modified or changed according to the above description, And all these modifications and variations should all belong to the protection domain of appended claims of the present invention.
Illustrative description is carried out to the invention patent above, it is clear that the realization of the invention patent is not by aforesaid way Limitation, as long as use the invention patent method concept and technical solution carry out various improvement, or it is not improved will this The conception and technical scheme of patent of invention directly apply to other occasions, are within the scope of the invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of production method of artificial marine habitat, which comprises the following steps:
Cement, admixture, additive, water are uniformly mixed by S1 in specific proportions, and it is mixed to add chemical foaming agent stirring It closes;
S2, by semi-finished product obtained by S1 be poured into die for molding, it is quiet stop paying out bubble, conserve after demoulding to age;
S3, to semi-finished product obtained by S2 carry out punching processing to get.
2. manufacturing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in S1, the admixture includes granite stone powder.
3. production method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that in S1, the cement includes sulphate aluminium cement, The additive includes exciting agent and foam stabilizer, and the chemical foaming agent includes hydrogen peroxide.
4. manufacturing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the density of finished product obtained by S3 is 230~260kg/m3
5. manufacturing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in S2, the size of the mold be 1.5m × 1.5m×1.5m;In S3, multiple through punchings are carried out to the opposite face of semi-finished product obtained by S2.
6. manufacturing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in S1, stirred after the chemical foaming agent is added The mixed time is 8~12s.
7. manufacturing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in S1, the cement includes portland cement, institute Stating admixture includes flyash, and the additive includes water-reducing agent and foam stabilizer, and the chemical foaming agent includes hydrogen peroxide.
CN201811059286.5A 2018-09-12 2018-09-12 A kind of production method of artificial marine habitat Pending CN109053079A (en)

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CN201811059286.5A CN109053079A (en) 2018-09-12 2018-09-12 A kind of production method of artificial marine habitat
PCT/CN2018/105689 WO2020051870A1 (en) 2018-09-12 2018-09-14 Manufacturing method of artificial reef

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110066154A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-30 沈钜岳 A kind of preparation method of artificial marine habitat
CN110115240A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-08-13 平湖市渔业技术推广与海洋资源服务中心 A kind of environmental projectization zero is given up the ecologic breeding pool
CN112025958A (en) * 2020-08-12 2020-12-04 青岛昊河建筑建材科技有限公司 Method for processing artificial fish reef
CN112299780A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-02-02 连云港东浦建筑工业化发展有限公司 Assembled shell fixing plate, and preparation method and application thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110115240A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-08-13 平湖市渔业技术推广与海洋资源服务中心 A kind of environmental projectization zero is given up the ecologic breeding pool
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CN110066154A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-30 沈钜岳 A kind of preparation method of artificial marine habitat
CN112025958A (en) * 2020-08-12 2020-12-04 青岛昊河建筑建材科技有限公司 Method for processing artificial fish reef
CN112025958B (en) * 2020-08-12 2021-12-07 青岛昊河建筑建材科技有限公司 Method for processing artificial fish reef
CN112299780A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-02-02 连云港东浦建筑工业化发展有限公司 Assembled shell fixing plate, and preparation method and application thereof

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Application publication date: 20181221