CN109052860A - Sewage treatment unit for being connected on house drainage pipe - Google Patents

Sewage treatment unit for being connected on house drainage pipe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109052860A
CN109052860A CN201811066732.5A CN201811066732A CN109052860A CN 109052860 A CN109052860 A CN 109052860A CN 201811066732 A CN201811066732 A CN 201811066732A CN 109052860 A CN109052860 A CN 109052860A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
sewage
chamber
aerobic
cyclic annular
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CN201811066732.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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叶于诚
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叶于诚
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Priority to CN201811066732.5A priority Critical patent/CN109052860A/en
Publication of CN109052860A publication Critical patent/CN109052860A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/66Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by neutralisation; pH adjustment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/30Organic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/005Processes using a programmable logic controller [PLC]
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/06Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment pH
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/42Liquid level
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/02Aerobic processes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/02Aerobic processes
    • C02F3/10Packings; Fillings; Grids
    • C02F3/101Arranged-type packing, e.g. stacks, arrays

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of sewage treatment units for being connected on house drainage pipe: it includes PLC control unit and filter element, water quality adjustment unit and aeration unit successively through pipeline connection;The filter element includes one being vertically arranged and hollow filtering tower body, and the top for filtering tower body is equipped with the water inlet end being connected with the water outlet of house drainage pipe;It is equipped with one in the filtration tank body to be located at below water inlet end and top is the drainage bucket of open end, and is connected on drainage bucket for by the first drainpipe of the sewage discharge in drainage bucket to water quality adjustment unit;Cyclic annular filter residue chamber is formed between the lateral wall of the drainage bucket and the inner wall for filtering tower body, the bottom of the filtering tower body is equipped with the sludge outlet being connected with cyclic annular filter residue chamber.The apparatus structure is compact, simple, filter effect is good, sewage treating efficiency height, energy conservation and environmental protection.

Description

Sewage treatment unit for being connected on house drainage pipe
Technical field
The present invention relates to sanitary sewage disposal and environmental technology fields, specifically be a kind of for being connected to house drainage Sewage treatment unit on pipe.
Background technique
Sanitary sewage is mainly the sewage that the mankind generate in life, such as the sewage after kitchen and bath's cleaning, urine, excrement; Especially in recent years, the extension at full speed of China's urbanization, the appearance of a large amount of high residential building, office building make dirty in drainage pipeline Water is increasing, brings very big pressure to municipal wastewater processing, the sewage for having little time processing is then discharged into river, is made It is in eutrophication at river water body;Especially urine, contain a large amount of nitrogen phosphate and sulfurs in excrement, excessive nutriment enters natural water Body can promote the green plantss mass propagation such as algae, in the wawter bloom or red tide for flowing slow river aggregation and formation sheet.And The death and corruption of algae can cause largely reducing for oxygen in water again, keep the aquatic organisms such as water quality deterioration, fish dead.Separately Outside, stench also is also easy to produce under Anaerobic Bacteria effect containing cellulose, phosphate, urea etc. in fecal sewage and wash water Substance, also can seriously pollute inland waters, influence human health.Therefore the processing of sanitary sewage is very urgent to solve One of environmental problem.
Currently, the general process flow for the sewage being discharged in house drainage pipeline is the dirt for first making to be discharged in drainage pipeline Water is flow in septic tank after filtering, and Air Exposure is carried out in septic tank, so that sewage is contacted oxygenation with air, is made in septic tank The contact of organic matter and microorganism and dissolved oxygen carries out oxygenolysis to dirty Organic substance in water, to reach the pretreatment rank of sewage Section;Sewage after the sewage disinfection treatment stage is further processed by pipeline to municipal wastewater treating stations again;The dirt Water process speed is generally slower, and sewage water filtration effect is poor, and the speed that often will cause water-pipe blockage or sewage treatment is remote It far below the speed that sewage generates, is caused stress to municipal wastewater processing, sewage is caused to have little time to handle and the harm of discharge.Cause This, is badly in need of a kind of sewage treatment unit that can be connected on house drainage pipe at present, and each house drainage pipeline is discharged Sewage all pass through purified treatment, and the water Jing Guo purified treatment reaches the discharge standard of national regulation, to alleviate municipal dirt The treatment pressure of sewage of water treatment station.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to overcome the defect of the above prior art, provide a kind of compact-sized, simple List, filter effect are good, sewage treating efficiency height, energy conservation and environmental protection;And the treatment pressure of sewage of municipal wastewater treating stations can be alleviated, it keeps away Exempt from sewage to have little time to handle and the sewage treatment unit for being connected on house drainage pipe of discharge.
The technical solution of the invention is as follows, provide it is a kind of have following structure for being connected on house drainage pipe Sewage treatment unit: it includes PLC control unit and filter element, water quality adjustment unit and exposure successively through pipeline connection Gas unit;The filter element includes that a top for being vertically arranged and hollow filtering tower body, and filtering tower body is equipped with and lives The water inlet end that the water outlet of residence drainpipe is connected;It is equipped with one in the filtration tank body below water inlet end and top is unlimited The drainage bucket at end, and be connected on drainage bucket for being drained the first of the sewage discharge in drainage bucket to water quality adjustment unit Pipe;Cyclic annular filter residue chamber is formed between the lateral wall of the drainage bucket and the inner wall for filtering tower body, the bottom of the filtering tower body is set There is the sludge outlet being connected with cyclic annular filter residue chamber;Filter is equipped between the top of the drainage bucket and the water inlet end for filtering tower body Screen component, and the top of drainage bucket is connected by the filter hole on net-filter assembly with the top of cyclic annular filter residue chamber;The filter Screen component flows into filtered sewage in drainage bucket, and make in sewage for the sewage that water inlet end flows into be filtered It is intracavitary that residue falls into cyclic annular filter residue under the impact of water flow.
After using the above structure, sewage treatment unit and existing skill that the present invention is used to be connected on house drainage pipe Art is compared, and is had the advantage that the sewage treatment unit for being used to be connected on house drainage pipe when in use, is mounted on On drainpipe under residential building, sanitary sewage is effectively handled before sanitary sewage is emitted into septic tank, to alleviate The treatment pressure of sewage of municipal wastewater treating stations avoids sewage from having little time to handle and discharge;This is used to be connected to house drainage pipe On sewage treatment unit filter element in such a way that sewage is filtered vertically, sewage water filtration can be made and made Residue in sewage falls into that cyclic annular filter residue is intracavitary under the impact of sewage and the gravity of itself, the intracavitary residue of cyclic annular filter residue It is drawn in the septic tank that house underground is set in sludge outlet through soil pick-up pump and carries out conventional Air Exposure;Meanwhile it flowing into The intracavitary a small amount of sewage of cyclic annular filter residue again can be through the filter hole on net-filter assembly from drainage bucket after the intracavitary aggregation of cyclic annular filter residue Top flows into drainage bucket, to keep the filter effect of sewage good, and it is intracavitary to be avoided that more sewage enters cyclic annular filter residue;Filter Sewage in bucket, which then passes through the first drainpipe and is emitted into water quality adjustment unit, to be further processed;The water quality adjustment Unit is used to adjust the pH value of sewage, and the aeration unit is used to carry out biological decomposition to the organic matter in sewage, thus Making the content of the dirty Organic substance in water given off reduces, and meets the discharge standard of national regulation.This is used to be connected to house drainage Sewage treatment unit on pipe is compact-sized, simple, filter effect is good, and sewage treating efficiency is high, energy conservation and environmental protection.
Preferably, the net-filter assembly includes the annular fixing frame and at least being fixedly connected in filtering tower body inner wall One strainer ontology;The strainer ontology includes a mesh enclosure that is up-small and down-big tapered and being evenly equipped with multiple filter hole and connection The lateral wall of cyclic annular retaining ring in mesh enclosure bottom, the ring-type retaining ring is fixed by the inner wall of connecting rod and annular fixing frame Connection, and the lower end of cyclic annular retaining ring is connect with the end sealing of drainage bucket, the lateral wall of the strainer ontology is fixed with annular The first filter residue channel being connected with cyclic annular filter residue chamber is equipped between the inner wall of frame;It is recessed that the top center of the mesh enclosure is equipped with one Area of slack water, and smoothly transit at the top of the edge and mesh enclosure of area of slack water.The mesh enclosure of strainer ontology is for making sewage water filtration, mesh enclosure The cyclic annular retaining ring of bottom is for preventing the residue in the first filter residue channel from entering in drainage bucket;It is in since mesh enclosure is up-small and down-big Taper, when the sewage that filtration tank body water inlet end flows into is fallen on the mesh enclosure of strainer ontology under the gravity of itself and the impact of water flow When, on the one hand mesh enclosure plays water filtering function, the residue in sewage is on the other hand enable quickly to fall into ring from the tapered side of mesh enclosure Shape filter residue is intracavitary.In addition, the top center in mesh enclosure is equipped with a recessed area of slack water, the setting of the area of slack water is for changing water flow Direction, when large amount of sewage is fallen in recessed area of slack water under the gravity of itself and the impact of water flow, sewage cannot be complete Or have little time to leak down from the filter hole of area of slack water, and a large amount of sewage is under gushing from the edge of area of slack water to the side wall of mesh enclosure, The flow direction that sewage can not only be changed in this way enables the residue in sewage quickly to be filtered from the side wall of mesh enclosure, and sewage Moment under gushing from from the edge of area of slack water to the side wall of mesh enclosure has biggish impact force, enables the residue filtered out on mesh enclosure It quickly falls into that cyclic annular filter residue is intracavitary, the residue in sewage is avoided to assemble on mesh enclosure.
Preferably, the net-filter assembly includes two strainer ontologies: the first strainer ontology and the second strainer ontology, institute It states the first strainer ontology and the second strainer ontology is sequentially distributed from top to bottom, and between the first strainer ontology and the second strainer ontology Equipped with the second filter residue channel being connected with cyclic annular filter residue chamber;The lower end diameter size of the first strainer ontology is less than the second filter The cyclic annular retaining ring bottom of the lower end diameter size of net ontology, the second strainer ontology lower end is connect with the end sealing of drainage bucket. Due to the first strainer ontology lower end diameter size less than the second strainer ontology lower end diameter size, make the net-filter assembly It is arranged on vertical direction in tower, it is intracavitary that the residue fallen from the lower end of the first strainer ontology not directly enters cyclic annular filter residue, and It is first to fall on the second strainer ontology, then enter from the second strainer ontology that cyclic annular filter residue is intracavitary, the residue in sewage is enable to obtain Filtering well;If a part of residue leaks into the second strainer from the filter hole of the first strainer ontology under the impact force of water flow When on ontology, it is intracavitary which can be discharged into cyclic annular filter residue from the second filter residue channel under the impact force of water flow, to make dirt The filter effect of water is more preferable.
Preferably, a polywater cover is connected on the water inlet end inner wall of the filtering tower body, under the polywater cover is presented greatly Small setting, and the under shed of polywater cover faces the top center of mesh enclosure;The polywater cover is used to filter the water inlet of tower body The sewage that end flows into gathers on the mesh enclosure of strainer ontology, and sewage is prevented to be directly entered cyclic annular filter residue chamber without strainer ontology;Institute It states and is connected with multiple rotary nozzles on the inner wall circumference at the top of filtering tower body, the rotary nozzle is for spraying water and cleaning ring-type Filter residue cavity wall.The polywater cover connected on the water inlet end inner wall of tower body is filtered, sewage can be made to gather on the mesh enclosure of strainer ontology, It prevents sewage to be directly entered cyclic annular filter residue chamber without strainer ontology, further increases the filter effect of sewage;It filters at the top of tower body Inner wall circumference on the rotary nozzle that connects can spray water and clean cyclic annular filter residue cavity wall;It prevents from having on cyclic annular filter residue cavity wall residual Slag aggregation, avoids blocking.
As an improvement, water inlet pipe is equipped between the filter element and the water outlet of house drainage pipe, the water inlet pipe One end is connected to the water outlet of house drainage pipe, and the other end of water inlet pipe is connected to the water inlet end at the top of filtering tower body;It is described into Cricoid electric machine support is connected on the inner wall of water pipe, and the center of electric machine support is connected with axis galvanic electricity machine, axis galvanic electricity machine and electricity Intake tunnel is equipped between the inner wall of machine support;Helical blade, and shaft free end are installed in the shaft of the axis galvanic electricity machine On be connected with zigzag crushing cutter, water inlet pipe is arranged in close to one end of house drainage pipe water outlet in the zigzag crushing cutter; The inner wall of the house drainage pipe is equipped with the first liquid level sensor, first liquid level sensor and PLC control unit electricity Property connection, the PLC control unit connect with the control circuit of axis galvanic electricity machine.The water inlet pipe is for being connected to house drainage pipe The water inlet end of water outlet and filter element, when the first liquid level sensor perceives the water level in house drainage pipe to certain altitude When, liquid level signal is passed into PLC control unit, PLC control unit judges the water level in house drainage pipe, works as house When water level in drainpipe reaches preset water level, PLC control unit control shaft stream electrical power is operated, in the shaft of axis galvanic electricity machine The helical blade high-speed rotation of installation enables the sewage in house drainage pipe to rapidly enter filter element, while also accelerating Water velocity in residence drainpipe;The zigzag crushing cutter installed in the shaft of axis galvanic electricity machine, can while rotating with shaft Fly-cutting is carried out to the residue in intake tunnel, greasy dirt aggregation block, large volume of residue is avoided the occurrence of and enters filtering list On the mesh enclosure of member, and damages mesh enclosure or assemble hardly possible on mesh enclosure to fall into cyclic annular filter residue from mesh enclosure intracavitary.
As an improvement, being equipped with the first water pump between the filter element and water quality adjustment unit, and the first water pump and first Drainpipe connection;The water outlet of first water pump is communicated with the second drainpipe, is connected with three on second drainpipe and connects Head, the three-way connection are connected with the rotary nozzle on the water inlet of water quality adjustment unit and filtering tower body respectively by pipeline It is logical;The second liquid level sensor, second liquid level sensor and PLC control unit electricity are connected on the inner wall of the drainage bucket Property connection, the PLC control unit connect with the control circuit of the first water pump.Second liquid level sensor is for perceiving drainage bucket The elevation information of interior sewage, so that the elevation information of sewage is passed to PLC control unit, PLC control unit controls the first water On the one hand sewage pump in drainage bucket is drawn to water quality adjustment by the three-way connection on the second drainpipe by pump movement, the first water pump The water inlet of unit sprays rotary nozzle on the other hand by the rotary nozzle in the sewage transport in drainage bucket to filtering tower body Water washes away the inner wall of filtering tower body.Under the action of the second liquid level sensor, PLC control unit and the first water pump, drainage can be made Sewage can drain into the processing that water quality adjustment unit carries out next step in time in bucket.
Preferably, the water quality adjustment unit includes water tank and the acid & alkali liquid being arranged on water tank lateral wall addition dress It sets;The water inlet of the water tank is connected to the first drainpipe, and the water outlet of water tank passes through pipeline and the second water pump and aeration unit Connection;The inner wall of the water tank is equipped with the low demarcation plate in the setting of sunken arcs shape of relative superiority or inferiority on one, and the demarcation plate is by water The inner cavity of case is divided into interconnected upper mixing chamber and lower mixing chamber, and the water inlet of water tank is arranged on facing demarcation plate The position in portion;The acid & alkali liquid adding set includes the shell being connected on tank top lateral wall, is set in the shell There are acid solution chamber and lye chamber, and acid solution chamber and lye chamber pass through the acid solution adding mouth being arranged on water tank side wall and lye addition Mouth is connected to the inner cavity of water tank, and the acid solution adding mouth and lye adding mouth face the demarcation plate in water tank, and acid solution adds Add and is separately connected a normally closed solenoid valve at mouth and lye adding mouth;A PH detection module is connected in the inner bottom wall of the drainage bucket, The PH detection module and two normally closed solenoid valves are electrically connected with PLC control unit;On the inner wall of the lower mixing chamber Equipped with third liquid level sensor, the third liquid level sensor and PLC control unit are electrically connected, and the PLC controls single Member is connect with the control circuit of the second water pump.The water quality adjustment unit is used to adjust the pH value of sewage, namely adjusts the acid of sewage Basicity;Make the pH value of the sewage after adjusting between 6.5~8.5, to meet the pH value of sewage effluent;The setting of PH detection module In the inner bottom wall of drainage bucket, PLC control is fed back to for detecting the pH value of sewage in drainage bucket, and the pH value information of sewage Unit, PLC control unit select addition lye or acid solution according to pH value information;When PH detection module detects sewage in acidity When, PLC control unit controls the normally closed solenoid valve at lye adding mouth and is powered, thus keep lye adding mouth in the open state, The intracavitary lye of lye flows into water tank, to be neutralized to the sewage in water tank;When PH detection module detects dirt When water is in alkalinity, PLC control unit controls the normally closed solenoid valve at acid solution adding mouth and is powered, and beats so that acid solution adding mouth be made to be in Open state, the intracavitary acid solution of acid solution flows into water tank, to be neutralized to the sewage in water tank;The inner wall of lower mixing chamber On third liquid level sensor be used to perceive the liquid level of sewage in lower mixing chamber, and liquid level information is passed into PLC Control unit controls the movement of the second water pump by PLC control unit, by sewage transport in lower mixing chamber to aeration unit, avoids dirt Water is assembled excessively in lower mixing chamber;The water quality adjustment unit uses the upper relative superiority or inferiority of setting in water tank low in the setting of sunken arcs shape Demarcation plate, water tank cavity is divided into upper mixing chamber and lower mixing chamber, when in water impact to demarcation plate, in the arc of demarcation plate Tumbling action is done on face, forms vortex, and the acid solution or lye for being conducive to acid solution adding mouth or the outflow of lye adding mouth are filled with sewage Divide mixing, and there is difference in height between upper mixing chamber and lower mixing chamber, when the sewage in upper mixing chamber flows into lower mixing chamber, Under the impact of water flow, sewage and acid solution or lye carry out mixed once again, so that acid solution or lye be enable sufficiently to mix with sewage It closes and neutralizes, so that it is quicker to adjust the pH value of sewage, and be without the use of additional mixing plant.
Preferably, the aeration unit includes aeration tower and air pump, the top of the aeration tower is equipped with and water quality tune The water outlet of section unit is connected water filling port, and the bottom of aeration tower is equipped with discharge outlet;It is successively set from top to bottom in the aeration tower Have the first demarcation plate and the second demarcation plate, first demarcation plate and the second demarcation plate by the inner cavity of aeration tower from top to bottom according to It is secondary to be divided into dispersion water cavity, Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber and water collection chamber;First demarcation plate is equipped with water spraying mechanism, the sprinkler Structure is used to the intracavitary water of disperse water being sprayed onto Aerobic Process for Treatment intracavitary;Multiple leakage holes are evenly equipped on second demarcation plate, The leakage hole is for being connected to Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber and water collection chamber;The top of the dispersion water cavity and the bottom of Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber are equal Equipped with gas blow pipe, the gas blow pipe is connected with air pump;A third water pump is connected on the lateral wall of the aeration tower, it is described Third water pump by pipeline be connected to water collection chamber and dispersion water cavity, it is intracavitary for the water pump in water collection chamber to be drawn to disperse water;Institute The Aerobic Process for Treatment stated is intracavitary to be connected with Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism, organic in sewage to remove for carrying out Aerobic Process for Treatment to sewage Object.The aeration tower at three layers, that is, disperses water cavity, Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber and water collection chamber by the first demarcation plate and the second divides, Dispersion water cavity is used to be distributed to by sewage that Aerobic Process for Treatment to be intracavitary, which then decomposes dirt using aerobic microbiological Organic matter in water makes the organic matter in sewage be degraded, and is converted to humus sample substance;On the one hand water collection chamber is used to collect quilt On the other hand it is intracavitary to be drawn to disperse water by third water pump, flows sewage again by the sewage of aerobic degradation for sewage pump Enter the intracavitary Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism of Aerobic Process for Treatment to be handled, sewage can be made repeatedly to recycle and carry out Aerobic Process for Treatment.It is aerated tower bottom Discharge outlet for the sewage after water collection chamber internal diameter Aerobic Process for Treatment to be discharged.Air pump passes through the dispersion top of water cavity and aerobic The bottom blowing pipe of processing chamber is intracavitary to disperse water pressurize and is supplied oxygen and promoted Aerobic Process for Treatment to Aerobic Process for Treatment is intracavitary The rapid dispersion of intracavitary sewage, it is intracavitary that the sewage for keeping disperse water intracavitary is quickly ejected into Aerobic Process for Treatment through water spraying mechanism, makes Aerobic microbiological in oxygen processing chamber is quickly bred, and is enable the sewage fast ram Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism that Aerobic Process for Treatment is intracavitary, is made Sewage forms smaller particle, is conducive to aerobic microbiological and decomposes to the organic matter in sewage.
Preferably, the water spraying mechanism includes multiple hole for water sprayings being arranged on the first demarcation plate, each hole for water spraying Interior tight fit one is sprayed water bracket, and the water spray bracket includes the cyclic annular mounting portion being fixedly connected with hole for water spraying inner wall and positioned at ring The support portion at shape mounting portion center is equipped with water spray channel between the inner wall of the ring-type mounting portion and the lateral wall of support portion;Institute The center for stating support portion is equipped with a pilot hole, and be slidably matched a guide rod in the pilot hole, and a bullet is arranged on the guide rod Spring, the upper end of the spring and the radial protrusion at the top of guide rod offset, and the step surface on the lower end and pilot hole of spring offsets;Institute Stating the lower end of guide rod and being rotatably connected by bearing one can close or open the baffle in water spray channel, and set on the upper surface of baffle There are the multiple spiral grooves being along the circumferential direction distributed, the spiral groove makes to keep off under the impact of water spray in-channel water stream Plate is rotated along the axis of guide rod.The intracavitary sewage of disperse water quickly can be such that baffle overcomes under the air pressure of self gravity and air pump The elastic force of spring opens water spray channel, the spiral groove on Sewage shock baffle sprayed water in channel, thus make flapper, It is intracavitary that sewage is sprayed at Aerobic Process for Treatment by the baffle of rotation;And the intracavitary number of sewage and the air pressure size of air pump of disperse water is determined The displacement of baffle is determined, to determine the size that water spray channel is opened and the flow that sewage sprays.Baffle is under Sewage shock Rotation, so that sewage be enable quickly to be distributed to downwards in the intracavitary Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism of Aerobic Process for Treatment, which can be quickly Equably sewage is dispersed, so that sewage be enable to be evenly dispersed in Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism, is convenient for Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism On aerobic microbiological degrade to the organic matter of sewage.
Preferably, the Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism includes that at least two groups are vertically installed at the intracavitary aerobic branch of Aerobic Process for Treatment Frame, every group of aerobic bracket include two and are symmetrical arranged in the vertical direction and in horn-like rack body, each bracket sheet Body is equipped with multiple leak gaps, and multiple biologic packing materials are connected on each rack body;The two of every group of aerobic bracket It is connected with a plurality of lanyard between a rack body, multiple elastic fillers are fixed on every lanyard;The biologic packing material and bullet Property filler surface for aerobe growth, for decomposes remove sewage in organic matter.The aerobic bracket using two It is symmetrical arranged on vertical direction and is formed in horn-like rack body and the multiple biologic packing materials being connected on rack body, So that sewage is can be uniformly dispersed biologic packing material surface in this way, grows organic matter and biologic packing material surface in sewage aerobic micro- Biology comes into full contact with, and decomposes organic matter;A plurality of lanyard, every extension are connected between two rack bodies of every group of aerobic bracket Multiple elastic fillers are fixed on rope, which can further cut the water droplet of sewage, and so that sewage is formed the particle of smaller volume, Elastic filler is used to further speed up the decomposition of dirty Organic substance in water for growth of aerobic microorganisms.The biologic packing material can be adopted The porous fluidisation bed fillers produced with Yixing City wire environment-friendly filler factory, with large specific surface area, good hydrophilic property, mobility Well, the advantages that bioactivity height, easy to be filmed, high treating effect, long service life, be conducive to microorganism rapid-result apposition growth fastly; The elastic filler is the advantages of it has the two concurrently made of developing on the basis of soft-filler and semi soft packing.Its Structure is that plastic disks clinching is changed to the big plastic hoop of double-round, and hydroformylation fiber or dacron thread are pressed on the ring of ring, fiber is made Beam is uniformly distributed;Inner ring is flakes plastics branch, biofilm and can effectively cut bubble, improve oxygen transfer rate and Utilization rate exchanges aqueous vapor biomembrane sufficiently, and the organic matter in water is made to obtain efficient process, and Yixing City wire ring can be used The elastic filler of Bao Tianliaochang production.
PH detection module of the present invention is prior art commercial product, and Shandong Dong Run instrument science and technology share can be used The PH transmitter of the model PHS-8B of Co., Ltd's production, can pH value in real-time detection sewage.PLC of the present invention Control unit namely PLC controller are commercial product, can purchase model FX3SA-10MR, and producer is that Mitsubishi Electric is automatic Change the PLC control unit of (China) Co., Ltd production.First level sensing, the second level sensing and third level sensing are The guiding pulsed liquid level of the model FL-001 of Keyemce (China) Co., Ltd sale can be used in prior art commercial product Sensor.The type that Taizhou Korea Spro produces into Beng Ye Co., Ltd can be used in first water pump, the second water pump and the third water pump Number be HJ-1501E pipeline pump;Product of the air pump for the prior art, the equipment for connecting gas source feed, therefore this hair It is bright not elaborate.The model 2W025-08 of Leqing Yuan Xiao Air Movement Technologies Inc production can be used in the normally closed solenoid valve Normally closed solenoid valve.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the waste water processes signal of sewage treatment unit of the present invention for being connected on house drainage pipe Figure.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of sewage treatment unit of the present invention for being connected on house drainage pipe.
Fig. 3 is that the structure of the filter element of sewage treatment unit of the present invention for being connected on house drainage pipe is shown It is intended to.
Fig. 4 is the water quality adjustment cellular construction of sewage treatment unit of the present invention for being connected on house drainage pipe Schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is the aeration unit structural representation of sewage treatment unit of the present invention for being connected on house drainage pipe Figure.
Fig. 6 is that the water inlet pipe internal structure of sewage treatment unit of the present invention for being connected on house drainage pipe is shown It is intended to.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the water inlet pipe of sewage treatment unit of the present invention for being connected on house drainage pipe Figure.
Fig. 8 is the bracket sheet of the aerobic bracket of sewage treatment unit of the present invention for being connected on house drainage pipe The structural schematic diagram of body.
Fig. 9 is the section view knot of the water spraying mechanism of sewage treatment unit of the present invention for being connected on house drainage pipe Structure schematic diagram.
Figure 10 is the water spraying mechanism open shape of sewage treatment unit of the present invention for being connected on house drainage pipe State schematic diagram.
Figure 11 is the acid & alkali liquid adding set of sewage treatment unit of the present invention for being connected on house drainage pipe Structural schematic diagram.
It is as shown in the figure:
1, house drainage pipe, the 100, first liquid level sensor, 2, water inlet pipe, 200, electric machine support, 201, intake tunnel, 202, axis galvanic electricity machine, 203, shaft, 204, helical blade, 205, zigzag crushing cutter, 3, filter element, 300, filtering tower body, 301, water inlet end, 302, net-filter assembly, 303, annular fixing frame, 304, mesh enclosure, 305, filter hole, 306, area of slack water, 307, ring Shape retaining ring, the 308, first filter residue channel, the 309, second filter residue channel, 310, connecting rod, 311, polywater cover, 312, rotation spray Head, 313, drainage bucket, 314, cyclic annular filter residue chamber, the 315, first drainpipe, the 316, second liquid level sensor, 317, PH detection mould Block, 318, sludge outlet, 319, soil pick-up pump, the 320, second drainpipe, 321, three-way connection, the 322, first strainer ontology, 323, the second strainer ontology, 4, water quality adjustment unit, 400, water tank, 401, water inlet, 402, acid & alkali liquid adding set, 403, point Partition, 404, upper mixing chamber, 405, lower mixing chamber, 406, third liquid level sensor, 407, shell, 408, acid solution chamber, 409, alkali Sap cavity, 410, acid solution adding mouth, 411, lye adding mouth, 412, normally closed solenoid valve, 5, aeration unit, 500, aeration tower, 501, Water filling port, the 502, first demarcation plate, the 503, second demarcation plate, 504, leakage hole, 505, dispersion water cavity, 506, Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber, 507, water collection chamber, 508, water spraying mechanism, 509, air pump, 510, gas blow pipe, 511, aerobic bracket, 512, rack body, 513, life Object filler, 514, lanyard, 515, elastic filler, 516, column, 517, leak gap, 518, hole for water spraying, 519, cyclic annular mounting portion, 520, support portion, 521, water spray channel, 522, pilot hole, 523, guide rod, 524, radial protrusion, 525, spring, 526, step surface, 527, baffle, 528, spiral groove, 6, septic tank, 7, PLC control unit, the 8, first water pump, the 800, second water pump, 801, Three water pumps.
Specific embodiment
Invention is further described in detail in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8 and Figure 11;
A kind of sewage treatment unit for being connected on house drainage pipe of the present invention, it includes PLC control unit 7 And filter element 3, water quality adjustment unit 4 and the aeration unit 5 being successively connected to through pipeline;The filter element 3 includes one perpendicular Straight setting and hollow filtering tower body 300, and the top for filtering tower body 300 is equipped with and is connected with the water outlet of house drainage pipe 1 Water inlet end 301;It is equipped with one in the filtering tower body 300 positioned at 301 lower section of water inlet end and top is the drainage bucket of open end 313, and be connected on drainage bucket 313 for by the first drainpipe of the sewage discharge in drainage bucket 313 to water quality adjustment unit 4 315;Cyclic annular filter residue chamber 314, the filtration tank are formed between the lateral wall of the drainage bucket 313 and the inner wall for filtering tower body 300 The bottom of body 300 is equipped with the sludge outlet 318 being connected with cyclic annular filter residue chamber 314;The top of the drainage bucket 313 and filtering Net-filter assembly 302 is equipped between the water inlet end of tower body 300, and the top of drainage bucket 313 passes through the filter hole on net-filter assembly 302 305 are connected with the top of cyclic annular filter residue chamber 314;The sewage that the net-filter assembly 302 is used to flow into water inlet end 301 carries out Filtering flows into filtered sewage in drainage bucket 313, and the residue in sewage is made to fall into cyclic annular filter residue under the impact of water flow In chamber 314.The sewage treatment unit when in use, is mounted on the drainpipe under residential building, is emitted into sanitary sewage Sanitary sewage is effectively handled before septic tank 6, to alleviate the treatment pressure of sewage of municipal wastewater treating stations, avoids dirt Water has little time to handle and discharge;The filter element 3 of the sewage treatment unit for being used to be connected on house drainage pipe 1 uses The mode that sewage is filtered vertically can make sewage water filtration and make impact and itself weight of the residue in sewage in sewage It is fallen into cyclic annular filter residue chamber 314 under power effect, the residue in cyclic annular filter residue chamber 314 is inhaled in sludge outlet 318 through soil pick-up pump 319 Conventional Air Exposure is carried out in the septic tank 6 for be arranged in house underground.
The net-filter assembly 302 includes the annular fixing frame 303 and at least being fixedly connected on filtering 300 inner wall of tower body One strainer ontology;The strainer ontology include a mesh enclosure 304 that is up-small and down-big tapered and being evenly equipped with multiple filter hole and It is connected to the cyclic annular retaining ring 307 of 304 bottom of mesh enclosure, the lateral wall of the ring-type retaining ring 307 passes through connecting rod 310 and annular The inner wall of fixed frame 303 is fixedly connected, and the lower end of cyclic annular retaining ring 307 is connect with the end sealing of drainage bucket 313, the filter It is logical that the first filter residue being connected with cyclic annular filter residue chamber 314 is equipped between the lateral wall of net ontology and the inner wall of annular fixing frame 303 Road 308;The top center of the mesh enclosure 304 is equipped with a recessed area of slack water 306, and the edge of area of slack water 306 and mesh enclosure 304 Top smoothly transits.The mesh enclosure 304 of strainer ontology is for making sewage water filtration, and the cyclic annular retaining ring 307 of 304 bottom of mesh enclosure is for preventing Only the residue in the first filter residue channel 308 enters in drainage bucket 313;Since mesh enclosure 304 is up-small and down-big tapered, work as filtration tank On the mesh enclosure 304 that the sewage that the water inlet end 301 of body 300 flows into falls in strainer ontology under the gravity of itself and the impact of water flow When, on the one hand mesh enclosure 304 plays water filtering function, on the other hand enable residue in sewage quickly from the tapered side of mesh enclosure 304 It falls into cyclic annular filter residue chamber 314.In addition, the top center in mesh enclosure 304 is equipped with a recessed area of slack water 306, the area of slack water 306 Setting for changing water flow direction, when large amount of sewage falls in recessed area of slack water under the gravity of itself and the impact of water flow When in 306, sewage cannot be complete or has little time to leak down from the filter hole 305 of area of slack water 306, and a large amount of sewage is from unhurried current Under the edge in area 306 is gushed to the side wall of mesh enclosure, the flow direction that can not only change sewage in this way enables residue in sewage from net Cover 304 side wall quickly filtered, and sewage gushed from the edge of area of slack water 306 to the side wall of mesh enclosure under moment with compared with Big impact force enables the residue filtered out on mesh enclosure 304 quickly to fall into cyclic annular filter residue chamber 314, avoids residual in sewage Slag is assembled on mesh enclosure 304.
The net-filter assembly 302 includes two strainer ontologies: the first strainer ontology 322 and the second strainer ontology 323, institute It states the first strainer ontology 322 and the second strainer ontology 323 is sequentially distributed from top to bottom, and the first strainer ontology 322 and the second filter The second filter residue channel 309 being connected with cyclic annular filter residue chamber 314 is equipped between net ontology 323;The first strainer ontology 322 Lower end diameter size of the lower end diameter size less than the second strainer ontology 323, the cyclic annular retaining ring of 323 lower end of the second strainer ontology Bottom is connect with the end sealing of drainage bucket 313.Since the lower end diameter size of the first strainer ontology 322 is less than the second strainer sheet The lower end diameter size of body 323 makes being arranged in the vertical direction in tower for the net-filter assembly 302, from the first strainer ontology 322 The residue that falls of lower end not directly enter in cyclic annular filter residue chamber 314, but first fall on the second strainer ontology 323, then from Two strainer ontologies 323 enter in cyclic annular filter residue chamber 314, and the residue in sewage is enable to be filtered well;If a part of residual When slag is leaked on the second strainer ontology 323 under the impact force of water flow from the filter hole of the first strainer ontology 322, the part is residual Slag can be discharged into cyclic annular filter residue chamber 314 under the impact force of water flow from the second filter residue channel 309, to make the filter effect of sewage More preferably.
A polywater cover 311 is connected on the water inlet end inner wall of the filtering tower body 300, under the polywater cover 311 is presented greatly Small setting, and the under shed of polywater cover 311 faces the top center of mesh enclosure 304;The polywater cover 311 is used for filtration tank The sewage that the water inlet end of body 300 flows into gathers on the mesh enclosure 304 of strainer ontology, and sewage is prevented to be directly entered without strainer ontology Cyclic annular filter residue chamber 314;Multiple rotary nozzles 312, the rotation are connected on the inner wall circumference at 300 top of filtering tower body Spray head 312 is for spraying water and cleaning cyclic annular 314 inner wall of filter residue chamber.Filter the polywater connected on 301 inner wall of water inlet end of tower body 300 Cover 311, can be such that sewage gathers on the mesh enclosure 304 of strainer ontology, sewage is prevented to be directly entered cyclic annular filter residue without strainer ontology Chamber 314 further increases the filter effect of sewage;The rotary nozzle 312 connected on inner wall circumference at the top of filtering tower body can spray Water simultaneously cleans cyclic annular 314 inner wall of filter residue chamber;It prevents having residue aggregation on cyclic annular 314 inner wall of filter residue chamber, avoids blocking.
Again as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7,
Between the filter element 3 and the water outlet of house drainage pipe 1 be equipped with water inlet pipe 2, one end of the water inlet pipe 2 with The water outlet of house drainage pipe 1 is connected to, and the other end of water inlet pipe 2 is connected to the water inlet end 301 at 300 top of filtering tower body;It is described Cricoid electric machine support 200 is connected on the inner wall of water inlet pipe 2, and the center of electric machine support 200 is connected with axis galvanic electricity machine 202, Intake tunnel 201 is equipped between axis galvanic electricity machine 202 and the inner wall of electric machine support 200;In the shaft 203 of the axis galvanic electricity machine 202 Helical blade 204 is installed, and is connected with zigzag crushing cutter 205 on 203 free end of shaft, the zigzag crushing cutter 205 Water inlet pipe 2 is set close to one end of 1 water outlet of house drainage pipe;The inner wall of the house drainage pipe 1 is equipped with the first liquid level Sensor 100, described first liquid level sensor 100 are electrically connected with PLC control unit 7, the PLC control unit 7 with The control circuit of axis galvanic electricity machine 202 connects.The water inlet pipe 2 be used for be connected to house drainage pipe water outlet and filter element 3 into Water end (W.E.) passes to liquid level signal when the first liquid level sensor 100 perceives the water level in house drainage pipe to certain altitude PLC control unit 7, PLC control unit 7 judge the water level in house drainage pipe, when the water level in house drainage pipe 1 reaches When to preset water level, 7 control shaft galvanic electricity machine 202 of PLC control unit is powered operating, installs in the shaft 203 of axis galvanic electricity machine 202 204 high-speed rotation of helical blade, enables the sewage in house drainage pipe 1 to rapidly enter filter element 3, while also accelerating house Water velocity in drainpipe;The zigzag crushing cutter 205 installed in the shaft 203 of axis galvanic electricity machine 202 is with 203 turns of shaft While dynamic, fly-cutting can be carried out to the residue in intake tunnel 201, greasy dirt aggregation block, avoided the occurrence of large volume of residual Slag enters on the mesh enclosure 304 of filter element, and damages mesh enclosure 304 or assemble hardly possible on mesh enclosure 304 and fall into ring from mesh enclosure 304 In shape filter residue chamber 314.
The first water pump 8, and the first water pump 8 and the first drainpipe are equipped between the filter element 3 and water quality adjustment unit 4 315 connections;The water outlet of first water pump 8 is communicated with the second drainpipe 320, is connected with three on second drainpipe 320 Pass joint 321, the three-way connection 321 by pipeline respectively with the water inlet 401 of water quality adjustment unit 4 and filtering tower body Rotary nozzle 312 on 300 is connected to;It is connected with the second liquid level sensor 316 on the inner wall of the drainage bucket 313, described Two liquid level sensors 316 are electrically connected with PLC control unit 7, the control circuit of the PLC control unit 7 and the first water pump 8 Connection.Second liquid level sensor is used to perceive the elevation information of sewage in drainage bucket, so that the elevation information of sewage be passed to PLC control unit, PLC control unit control the movement of the first water pump, and the first water pump passes through the three-way connection one on the second drainpipe Sewage pump in drainage bucket is drawn to the water inlet of water quality adjustment unit by aspect, on the other hand extremely by the sewage transport in drainage bucket The rotary nozzle on tower body is filtered, rotary nozzle water spray is made to wash away the inner wall of filtering tower body.It is controlled in the second liquid level sensor, PLC Under the action of unit processed and the first water pump, sewage in drainage bucket can be enable to drain into the place that water quality adjustment unit carries out next step in time Reason.
The water quality adjustment unit 4 includes water tank 400 and the acid & alkali liquid adding set being arranged on 400 lateral wall of water tank 402;The water inlet 401 of the water tank 400 is connected to the first drainpipe 315, and the water outlet of water tank 400 passes through pipeline and the second water Pump 800 is connected to aeration unit 5;The inner wall of the water tank 400 is equipped with the low separation in the setting of sunken arcs shape of relative superiority or inferiority on one The inner cavity of water tank 400 is divided into interconnected upper mixing chamber 404 and lower mixing chamber 405 by plate 403, the demarcation plate 403, And the position for facing 403 top of demarcation plate is arranged in the water inlet 401 of water tank 400;The acid & alkali liquid adding set 402 wraps The shell 407 being connected on 400 top outer wall of water tank is included, is equipped with acid solution chamber 408 and lye chamber 409 in the shell 407, And the acid solution adding mouth 410 and lye adding mouth 411 of acid solution chamber 408 and lye chamber 409 by being arranged on 400 side wall of water tank It is connected to the inner cavity of water tank 400, the acid solution adding mouth 410 and lye adding mouth 411 face the demarcation plate in water tank 400 403, and a normally closed solenoid valve 412 is separately connected at acid solution adding mouth 410 and lye adding mouth 411;The drainage bucket 313 it is interior A PH detection module 317 is connected on bottom wall, the PH detection module 317 and two normally closed solenoid valves 412 control with PLC single Member 7 is electrically connected;The inner wall of the lower mixing chamber 405 is equipped with third liquid level sensor 406, the third liquid level sensor 406 are electrically connected with PLC control unit 7, and the PLC control unit 7 is connect with the control circuit of the second water pump 800.The water Matter adjusts the pH value that unit 4 is used to adjust sewage, namely adjusts the pH value of sewage;Make the pH value of the sewage after adjusting 6.5 Between~8.5, to meet the pH value of sewage effluent;PH detection module 317 is arranged in the inner bottom wall of drainage bucket 313, is used for The pH value of sewage in drainage bucket 313 is detected, and the pH value information of sewage is fed back to PLC control unit 7, PLC control unit 7 Addition lye or acid solution are selected according to pH value information;When PH detection module detects sewage in acidity, PLC control unit 7 is controlled Normally closed solenoid valve 412 at alkaline liquid adding mouth 411 is powered, thus keep lye adding mouth 411 in the open state, lye chamber Lye in 409 flows into water tank 400, to be neutralized to the sewage in water tank 400;When PH detection module detects When sewage is in alkalinity, PLC control unit 7 controls the normally closed solenoid valve 412 at acid solution adding mouth 410 and is powered, so that acid solution be made to add Add mouth 410 in the open state, the acid solution in acid solution chamber 408 flows into water tank 400, to carry out to the sewage in water tank 400 Neutralisation treatment;The liquid level that third liquid level sensor 406 on the inner wall of lower mixing chamber 405 is used to perceive sewage in lower mixing chamber is high Degree, and passes to PLC control unit 7 for liquid level information, controls the second water pump 800 by PLC control unit 7 and acts, will under Sewage transport avoids sewage from assembling in lower mixing chamber 405 excessively to aeration unit 5 in mixing chamber 405;The water quality adjustment unit Using the low demarcation plate 403 in the setting of sunken arcs shape of upper relative superiority or inferiority is arranged in water tank, 400 inner cavity of water tank is divided into upper mixing Chamber 404 and lower mixing chamber 405 when in water impact to demarcation plate 403, do tumbling action in the cambered surface of demarcation plate, form whirlpool Stream, the acid solution or lye for being conducive to acid solution adding mouth or the outflow of lye adding mouth are sufficiently mixed with sewage, and upper mixing chamber is under There is difference in height between mixing chamber, when the sewage in upper mixing chamber flows into lower mixing chamber, under the impact of water flow, sewage with Acid solution or lye carry out mixed once again, to enable acid solution or lye and sewage to be sufficiently mixed neutralization, to make the acid of sewage Basicity adjusting is quicker, and is without the use of additional mixing plant.
The aeration unit includes aeration tower 500 and air pump 509, and the top of the aeration tower 500 is equipped with and water quality tune The water outlet of section unit is connected water filling port 501, and the bottom of aeration tower 500 is equipped with discharge outlet;In the aeration tower 500 from upper and Under be successively arranged the first demarcation plate 502 and the second demarcation plate 503, first demarcation plate 502 and the second demarcation plate 503 will expose The inner cavity of gas tower 500 is successively divided into dispersion water cavity 505, Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber 506 and water collection chamber 507 from top to bottom;Described first Demarcation plate is equipped with water spraying mechanism 508, and the water spraying mechanism 508 is used to the water dispersed in water cavity 505 being sprayed onto aerobic place It manages in chamber 506;Multiple leakage holes 504 are evenly equipped on second demarcation plate 503, the leakage hole 504 is for being connected to Oxygen processing chamber 506 and water collection chamber 507;The top of the dispersion water cavity 505 and the bottom of Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber 506 are equipped with gas blow pipe 510, the gas blow pipe 510 is connected with air pump 509;A third water pump is connected on the lateral wall of the aeration tower 500 801, the third water pump 801 is connected to water collection chamber 507 and dispersion water cavity 505 by pipeline, for by the water in water collection chamber 507 Pump is drawn in dispersion water cavity 505;It is connected with Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism in the Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber 506, for carrying out to sewage Oxygen processing is to remove the organic matter in sewage.The aeration tower 500 is separated into three by the first demarcation plate 502 and the second demarcation plate 503 Layer, i.e. dispersion water cavity 505, Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber 506 and water collection chamber 507, dispersion water cavity 505 are aerobic for be distributed to sewage In processing chamber 506, which then decomposes the organic matter in sewage using aerobic microbiological, makes having in sewage Machine object is degraded, and is converted to humus sample substance;507 one side of water collection chamber is used to collect by the sewage of aerobic degradation, On the other hand sewage pump is drawn in dispersion water cavity 505 by third water pump 801, sewage is made to again flow into Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber 506 Interior Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism is handled, and sewage can be made repeatedly to recycle and carry out Aerobic Process for Treatment.The discharge outlet of 500 bottom of aeration tower is used It is discharged in by the sewage after 507 internal diameter Aerobic Process for Treatment of water collection chamber.Air pump 509 passes through the dispersion top of water cavity 505 and aerobic Carried out in 510 pairs of dispersion water cavities 505 of bottom blowing pipe of processing chamber 506 pressurization and to carried out in Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber 506 oxygen supply and The rapid dispersion for promoting sewage in Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber 506 enables the sewage dispersed in water cavity 505 quickly to spray through water spraying mechanism 508 It is arrived in Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber 506 out, breeds the aerobic microbiological in Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber 506 quickly, make the dirt that Aerobic Process for Treatment is intracavitary Water energy fast ram Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism, makes sewage form smaller particle, is conducive to aerobic microbiological to organic in sewage Object decomposes.
As shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10,
The water spraying mechanism 508 includes multiple hole for water sprayings 518 being arranged on the first demarcation plate 502, each hole for water spraying The water spray of tight fit one bracket in 518, the water spray bracket includes the cyclic annular mounting portion being fixedly connected with 518 inner wall of hole for water spraying 519 and the support portion 520 positioned at cyclic annular 519 center of mounting portion, the inner wall of the ring-type mounting portion 519 and support portion 520 it is outer Water spray channel 521 is equipped between side wall;The center of the support portion 520 is equipped with a pilot hole 522, in the pilot hole 522 Be slidably matched a guide rod 523, and a spring 525,523 top of upper end and guide rod of the spring 525 are arranged on the guide rod 523 Radial protrusion 524 offset, lower end and the step surface 526 on pilot hole 522 of spring 525 offset;The lower end of the guide rod 523 It is rotatably connected a baffle 527 that can close or open water spray channel 521, and is set on the upper surface of baffle 527 by bearing 529 There are the multiple spiral grooves 528 being along the circumferential direction distributed, the spiral groove 528 water flow in water spray channel 521 Rotate baffle 527 along the axis of guide rod 523.Disperse the sewage in water cavity 505 in self gravity and the gas of air pump 509 Pressure can quickly make baffle that the elastic force of spring 525 be overcome to open water spray channel 521, the Sewage shock baffle sprayed water in channel 521 Spiral groove 528 on 527, so that baffle 527 be made to rotate, sewage is sprayed at Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber 506 by the baffle 527 of rotation It is interior;And the sewage dispersed in water cavity 505 number and the air pressure size of air pump 509 determine the downward displacement of baffle 527, thus Determine the size that water spray channel 521 is opened and the flow that sewage sprays.Baffle rotates under Sewage shock, to enable sewage It is quickly distributed to downwards in the intracavitary Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism of Aerobic Process for Treatment, which can quickly and evenly be divided sewage It dissipates, to enable sewage to be evenly dispersed in Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism, convenient for the aerobic microbiological in Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism to dirt The organic matter of water is degraded.
The Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism includes that at least two groups are vertically installed at the intracavitary aerobic bracket 511 of Aerobic Process for Treatment, institute The aerobic bracket 511 stated is both connected on the column 516 being located therein;Every group of aerobic bracket 511 includes two in vertical side It being symmetrical arranged upwards and is in horn-like rack body 512, each rack body 512 is equipped with multiple leak gaps 517, and Multiple biologic packing materials 513 are connected on each rack body 512;Two rack bodies 512 of every group of aerobic bracket 511 it Between be connected with a plurality of lanyard 514, multiple elastic fillers 515 are fixed on every lanyard 514;The biologic packing material 513 and bullet Property filler 515 surface for aerobe growth, for decomposes remove sewage in organic matter.The aerobic bracket 511 uses Two are symmetrical arranged in the vertical direction and in horn-like rack body 512 and being connected to multiple on rack body 512 Biologic packing material 513 forms, and sewage is made to can be uniformly dispersed 513 surface of biologic packing material in this way, makes organic matter and biology in sewage The aerobic microbiological of 513 surface of filler growth comes into full contact with, and decomposes organic matter;Two rack bodies of every group of aerobic bracket it Between be connected with a plurality of lanyard, multiple elastic fillers are fixed on every lanyard, which can further cut the water droplet of sewage, make Sewage forms the particle of smaller volume, and elastic filler is used to further speed up dirty Organic substance in water for growth of aerobic microorganisms It decomposes.The porous fluidisation bed fillers of Yixing City wire environment-friendly filler factory production can be used in the biologic packing material, have than table The advantages that area is big, good hydrophilic property, good fluidity, bioactivity height, easy to be filmed, high treating effect, long service life, is conducive to Microorganism rapid-result apposition growth fastly;The elastic filler is developed on the basis of soft-filler and semi soft packing , the advantages of it both has concurrently.Its structure is that plastic disks clinching is changed to the big plastic hoop of double-round, by hydroformylation fiber or dacron thread It is pressed on the ring of ring, is uniformly distributed fibre bundle;Inner ring is flakes plastics branch, biofilm and can effectively cut gas Bubble, improves the transfer rate and utilization rate of oxygen, exchanges aqueous vapor biomembrane sufficiently, locate the organic matter in water efficiently The elastic filler of Yixing City wire environment-friendly filler factory production can be used in reason.
PH detection module 317 of the present invention is prior art commercial product, and Shandong Dong Run instrument science and technology can be used The PH transmitter of the model PHS-8B of limited liability company's production, can pH value in real-time detection sewage.The present invention is used PLC control unit 7 namely PLC controller, be commercial product, can purchase model FX3SA-10MR, producer is Mitsubishi's electricity Machine automates the PLC control unit of (China) Co., Ltd production.First level sensing 100, the second level sensing 316 and third Level sensing 406 is prior art commercial product, and the model FL-001 of Keyemce (China) Co., Ltd sale can be used Guiding pulsed liquid level sensor.Taizhou Korea Spro can be used in first water pump 8, the second water pump 800 and the third water pump 801 The pipeline pump of the model HJ-1501E produced into Beng Ye Co., Ltd;The air pump 509 is the product of the prior art, is used for The equipment for connecting gas source feed, therefore the present invention does not elaborate.It is pneumatic that Leqing member dawn can be used in the normally closed solenoid valve 412 The normally closed solenoid valve of the model 2W025-08 of Co., Ltd's production.
The above description is merely a specific embodiment, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, any In the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, any changes or substitutions that can be easily thought of by those familiar with the art, all answers It is included within the scope of the present invention;Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the protection scope in claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of sewage treatment unit for being connected on house drainage pipe, it includes PLC control unit and successively passes through Filter element, water quality adjustment unit and the aeration unit of pipeline connection;It is characterized by: the filter element includes one vertical It is arranged and hollow filtering tower body, and the top for filtering tower body is equipped with the water inlet end being connected with the water outlet of house drainage pipe; It is equipped with one in the filtration tank body and is located at below water inlet end and top for the drainage bucket of open end, and is connected with and is used on drainage bucket By the first drainpipe of the sewage discharge in drainage bucket to water quality adjustment unit;The lateral wall of the drainage bucket and filtering tower body Cyclic annular filter residue chamber is formed between inner wall, the bottom of the filtering tower body is equipped with the sludge outlet being connected with cyclic annular filter residue chamber; Net-filter assembly is equipped between the top of the drainage bucket and the water inlet end for filtering tower body, and the top of drainage bucket passes through net-filter assembly On filter hole be connected with the top of cyclic annular filter residue chamber;The sewage that the net-filter assembly is used to flow into water inlet end carried out Filter flows into filtered sewage in drainage bucket, and it is intracavitary so that the residue in sewage is fallen into cyclic annular filter residue under the impact of water flow.
2. the sewage treatment unit according to claim 1 for being connected on house drainage pipe, it is characterised in that: The net-filter assembly includes the annular fixing frame and at least one strainer ontology being fixedly connected in filtering tower body inner wall;It is described Strainer ontology includes a mesh enclosure that is up-small and down-big tapered and being evenly equipped with multiple filter hole and the ring-type for being connected to mesh enclosure bottom The lateral wall of retaining ring, the ring-type retaining ring is fixedly connected by connecting rod with the inner wall of annular fixing frame, and cyclic annular water blocking The lower end of circle is connect with the end sealing of drainage bucket, is equipped between the lateral wall of the strainer ontology and the inner wall of annular fixing frame The first filter residue channel being connected with cyclic annular filter residue chamber;The top center of the mesh enclosure is equipped with a recessed area of slack water, and flows slowly It smoothly transits at the top of the edge and mesh enclosure in area.
3. the sewage treatment unit according to claim 2 for being connected on house drainage pipe, it is characterised in that: The net-filter assembly include two strainer ontologies: the first strainer ontology and the second strainer ontology, the first strainer ontology and Second strainer ontology is sequentially distributed from top to bottom, and is equipped with and cyclic annular filter residue chamber between the first strainer ontology and the second strainer ontology The second filter residue channel being connected;Lower end diameter of the lower end diameter size of the first strainer ontology less than the second strainer ontology The cyclic annular retaining ring bottom of size, the second strainer ontology lower end is connect with the end sealing of drainage bucket.
4. the sewage treatment unit according to claim 3 for being connected on house drainage pipe, it is characterised in that: A polywater cover is connected on the water inlet end inner wall of the filtering tower body, the polywater cover is in up big and down small setting, and polywater cover Under shed faces the top center of mesh enclosure;The polywater cover is used to gather in the sewage that the water inlet end for filtering tower body flows into On the mesh enclosure of strainer ontology, sewage is prevented to be directly entered cyclic annular filter residue chamber without strainer ontology;It is interior at the top of the filtering tower body Multiple rotary nozzles are connected on wall circumference, the rotary nozzle is for spraying water and cleaning cyclic annular filter residue cavity wall.
5. the sewage treatment unit according to claim 1 for being connected on house drainage pipe, it is characterised in that: Water inlet pipe, one end and the house drainage pipe of the water inlet pipe are equipped between the filter element and the water outlet of house drainage pipe The other end of water outlet connection, water inlet pipe is connected to the water inlet end at the top of filtering tower body;It is connected on the inner wall of the water inlet pipe Cricoid electric machine support, and the center of electric machine support is connected with axis galvanic electricity machine, sets between axis galvanic electricity machine and the inner wall of electric machine support There is intake tunnel;Helical blade is installed, and it is broken that zigzag is connected on shaft free end in the shaft of the axis galvanic electricity machine Water inlet pipe is arranged in close to one end of house drainage pipe water outlet in knife, the zigzag crushing cutter;The house drainage pipe it is interior Wall is equipped with the first liquid level sensor, and first liquid level sensor and PLC control unit are electrically connected, the PLC control Unit processed is connect with the control circuit of axis galvanic electricity machine.
6. the sewage treatment unit according to claim 4 for being connected on house drainage pipe, it is characterised in that: The first water pump is equipped between the filter element and water quality adjustment unit, and the first water pump is connected to the first drainpipe;Described The water outlet of one water pump is communicated with the second drainpipe, and three-way connection, the three-way connection are connected on second drainpipe It is connected to respectively with the rotary nozzle on the water inlet of water quality adjustment unit and filtering tower body by pipeline;The inner wall of the drainage bucket On be connected with the second liquid level sensor, second liquid level sensor and PLC control unit are electrically connected, the PLC control Unit processed is connect with the control circuit of the first water pump.
7. the sewage treatment unit according to claim 1 for being connected on house drainage pipe, it is characterised in that: The water quality adjustment unit includes water tank and the acid & alkali liquid adding set being arranged on water tank lateral wall;The water inlet of the water tank Mouth is connected to the first drainpipe, and the water outlet of water tank is connected to by pipeline and the second water pump with aeration unit;The water tank it is interior Wall is equipped with the low demarcation plate in the setting of sunken arcs shape of relative superiority or inferiority on one, and the inner cavity of water tank is divided into mutually by the demarcation plate The upper mixing chamber and lower mixing chamber of connection, and the position for facing demarcation plate top is arranged in the water inlet of water tank;The acid Lye adding set includes the shell being connected on tank top lateral wall, is equipped with acid solution chamber and lye chamber in the shell, And acid solution chamber and lye chamber pass through the acid solution adding mouth being arranged on water tank side wall and lye adding mouth and the inner cavity of water tank connects Logical, the acid solution adding mouth and lye adding mouth faces the demarcation plate in water tank, and acid solution adding mouth and lye adding mouth Place is separately connected a normally closed solenoid valve;A PH detection module, the PH detection module are connected in the inner bottom wall of the drainage bucket It is electrically connected with PLC control unit with two normally closed solenoid valves;The inner wall of the lower mixing chamber is equipped with third level sensing Device, the third liquid level sensor and PLC control unit are electrically connected, the control of the PLC control unit and the second water pump Circuit connection processed.
8. the sewage treatment unit according to claim 1 for being connected on house drainage pipe, it is characterised in that: The aeration unit includes aeration tower and air pump, and the top of the aeration tower is equipped with to be connected with the water outlet of water quality adjustment unit The bottom of logical water filling port, aeration tower is equipped with discharge outlet;The first demarcation plate and second are successively arranged in the aeration tower from top to bottom Demarcation plate, first demarcation plate and the second demarcation plate by the inner cavity of aeration tower from top to bottom be successively divided into dispersion water cavity, Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber and water collection chamber;First demarcation plate is equipped with water spraying mechanism, and the water spraying mechanism will be for that will disperse water cavity It is intracavitary that interior water is sprayed onto Aerobic Process for Treatment;Multiple leakage holes are evenly equipped on second demarcation plate, the leakage hole is used for It is connected to Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber and water collection chamber;The top of the dispersion water cavity and the bottom of Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber are equipped with gas blow pipe, described Gas blow pipe be connected with air pump;A third water pump is connected on the lateral wall of the aeration tower, the third water pump passes through Pipeline is connected to water collection chamber and dispersion water cavity, intracavitary for the water pump in water collection chamber to be drawn to disperse water;The Aerobic Process for Treatment chamber It is inside connected with Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism, for carrying out Aerobic Process for Treatment to sewage to remove the organic matter in sewage.
9. the sewage treatment unit according to claim 8 for being connected on house drainage pipe, it is characterised in that: The water spraying mechanism includes multiple hole for water sprayings being arranged on the first demarcation plate, the water spray of tight fit one branch in each hole for water spraying Frame, the water spray bracket includes the cyclic annular mounting portion being fixedly connected with hole for water spraying inner wall and the branch positioned at cyclic annular mounting portion center Support part is equipped with water spray channel between the inner wall of the ring-type mounting portion and the lateral wall of support portion;The center of the support portion is set There is a pilot hole, be slidably matched a guide rod in the pilot hole, and a spring, the upper end of the spring are arranged on the guide rod It offsets with the radial protrusion at the top of guide rod, the step surface on the lower end and pilot hole of spring offsets;The lower end of the guide rod passes through Bearing be rotatably connected one can close or open water spray channel baffle, and the upper surface of baffle be equipped with along the circumferential direction be distributed Multiple spiral grooves, the spiral groove water spray in-channel water stream impact under make baffle along guide rod axis turn It is dynamic.
10. the sewage treatment unit according to claim 8 for being connected on house drainage pipe, feature exist In: the Aerobic Process for Treatment mechanism includes that at least two groups are vertically installed at the intracavitary aerobic bracket of Aerobic Process for Treatment, every group of aerobic branch Frame includes two and is symmetrical arranged in the vertical direction and is in horn-like rack body, and each rack body is equipped with multiple leakages Water space, and multiple biologic packing materials are connected on each rack body;Between two rack bodies of every group of aerobic bracket It is connected with a plurality of lanyard, multiple elastic fillers are fixed on every lanyard;The surface of the biologic packing material and elastic filler can It is grown for aerobe, for decomposing the organic matter in removal sewage.
CN201811066732.5A 2018-09-13 2018-09-13 Sewage treatment unit for being connected on house drainage pipe Pending CN109052860A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811066732.5A CN109052860A (en) 2018-09-13 2018-09-13 Sewage treatment unit for being connected on house drainage pipe

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811066732.5A CN109052860A (en) 2018-09-13 2018-09-13 Sewage treatment unit for being connected on house drainage pipe

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109052860A true CN109052860A (en) 2018-12-21

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811066732.5A Pending CN109052860A (en) 2018-09-13 2018-09-13 Sewage treatment unit for being connected on house drainage pipe

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109052860A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111045370A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-21 贵州汇力自控工程有限公司 Water treatment management and control system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111045370A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-21 贵州汇力自控工程有限公司 Water treatment management and control system
CN111045370B (en) * 2019-12-30 2021-01-08 贵州汇力自控工程有限公司 Water treatment management and control system

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