CN109051848A - A kind of excavation stand hoisting mechanism - Google Patents

A kind of excavation stand hoisting mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109051848A
CN109051848A CN201810792844.2A CN201810792844A CN109051848A CN 109051848 A CN109051848 A CN 109051848A CN 201810792844 A CN201810792844 A CN 201810792844A CN 109051848 A CN109051848 A CN 109051848A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stand
boom
plate
drive
lifting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810792844.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张进军
陈明
彭凤林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Machinery Co Ltd Is Marched In Changsha
Hunan Entry Tunnel Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Machinery Co Ltd Is Marched In Changsha
Hunan Entry Tunnel Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Machinery Co Ltd Is Marched In Changsha, Hunan Entry Tunnel Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Machinery Co Ltd Is Marched In Changsha
Priority to CN201810792844.2A priority Critical patent/CN109051848A/en
Publication of CN109051848A publication Critical patent/CN109051848A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G63/00Transferring or trans-shipping at storage areas, railway yards or harbours or in opening mining cuts; Marshalling yard installations
    • B65G63/002Transferring or trans-shipping at storage areas, railway yards or harbours or in opening mining cuts; Marshalling yard installations for articles

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of excavation stand hoisting mechanisms, including pedestal, guide rail, stand carrying trolley, scaling platform, lifting body and boom hoisting;The scaling platform is flexible to be mounted on pedestal;The lifting body is slidably connected at scaling platform, the lifting body includes jacking clamping plate for carrying stand and the lift drive mechanism for being connected to jacking clamping plate lower end, the installation that the lift drive mechanism is used to drive jacking clamping plate and stand rising to realize stand;The boom hoisting carries trolley for slinging and sending by stand to stand;The guide rail is laterally fixedly mounted on pedestal;The stand carrying trolley is mounted on guide rail and can transport along guide rail transverse translation stand, and the stand carrying trolley is connected with translational drive mechanism.The design integrates multiple stand Working mechanisms, and high automatic operation reduces human cost, simplifies stand installation, increases construction safety.

Description

A kind of excavation stand hoisting mechanism
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of stands to install equipment, more particularly to a kind of excavation stand hoisting mechanism.
Background technique
Currently, tunnel is in digging process, the rock of tunnel upper wall, which is fallen, in order to prevent even collapses, need when digging Arc stand is set up on tunnel to support tunnel, due to there are multiple steps in stand installation process, it usually needs multiple machine associations It could be completed with cooperation, and precise match of the stand between the multiple machines of affiliative need of multiple machines, and since tunnel is opened The scene of digging, landform is complex, and there are certain difficulty, stand erections to install rather for the accurate collaborative work between machine Trouble, and when usual erection, it is also necessary to multiple manually to carry out auxiliary installation, installation effectiveness is low, excessive manual operation Leading to construction safety, there are hidden danger.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to solve above-mentioned technical problem at least to a certain extent.For this purpose, the present invention proposes that one kind is integrated more A function, the high excavation stand hoisting mechanism automated.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of excavation stand hoisting mechanism, including pedestal, Guide rail, stand carrying trolley, scaling platform, lifting body and boom hoisting;The scaling platform is flexible to be mounted on pedestal, institute It states scaling platform and is connected with the first telescoping drive mechanism that its can be driven flexible;The lifting body is slidably connected at flexible flat Platform, the lifting body are connected with the sliding drive mechanism that it can be driven to slide, and the lifting body includes for carrying stand Jacking clamping plate and be connected to jacking clamping plate lower end lift drive mechanism, the lift drive mechanism for drive jacking folder Plate and stand rise the installation to realize stand;The boom hoisting carries trolley for slinging and sending by stand to stand; The guide rail is laterally fixedly mounted on pedestal;The stand carrying trolley is mounted on guide rail and can be along guide rail transverse translation Stand is transported, the stand carrying trolley is connected with translational drive mechanism, and the translational drive mechanism can drive and be placed on stand It carries the stand transverse shifting on trolley and send stand to the top of the lifting body in retracted state.
Further, the stretching end bottom of the scaling platform is provided with support cylinder.
Further, the bottom of the scaling platform middle-end is provided with telescopic supporting leg, and the supporting leg may be folded on Scaling platform bottom surface.
Further, the supporting leg setting is in scaling platform bottom surface side, the supporting leg top and scaling platform bottom surface Hingedly, the scaling platform bottom is provided with cord holder, and the cord holder is connect with supporting leg lower end by retraction cord.
Further, the boom hoisting includes boom and lifting rope;The boom bottom end is hinged on pedestal, the boom top Hold flexible to change length of boom, the boom is connected with the second telescoping drive mechanism that its can be driven flexible, the boom It is connected with the rotary drive mechanism that it can be driven to rotate around hinged place;Solderless wrapped connection is in boom upper end, the lifting rope in the middle part of the lifting rope It is used for bind stand around the vertically extending one end of boom, the other end to be connected with lifting rope folding and unfolding driving mechanism.
Further, the boom includes outer boom and interior boom, and the hollow form of centre bore is equipped with centered on the outer boom, For the interior lifting arm sleeve in the centre bore of outer boom, second telescoping drive mechanism is hydraulically extensible oil;Described second Telescoping drive mechanism one end is connected to outer boom, and the other end is connected to interior boom.
Further, the rotary drive mechanism is hydraulically extensible oil, and described rotary drive mechanism one end and pedestal are hinged, The other end is flexibly connected with outer boom and can slide along outer length of boom direction.
Further, the outer boom bottom is connect by the first hinged seat with pedestal, the outer boom and the first hinged seat Hingedly, first hinged seat bottom is evenly arranged with a circle bolt hole to be bolted on pedestal;The rotation is driven Motivation structure is connect by the second hinged seat with pedestal, and the rotary drive mechanism and the second hinged seat are hinged, the pedestal setting There is the arc track around the setting of the first hinged seat, second hinged seat is slidably connected on arc track.
Further, the interior boom sidewall upper is provided with first pulley, which is provided with corresponding first First crossed beam trunking of pulley, and the opposite sidewall upper edge of the side wall are provided with corresponding with the first crossed beam trunking second and cross line Slot, the lifting rope is since lifting rope folding and unfolding driving mechanism successively around first pulley, the second crossed beam trunking and the first crossed beam trunking and most It is extended vertically eventually for connecting stand.
Further, the lift drive mechanism includes fixed part and connect with fixed part and retractable pars contractilis, institute Pars contractilis top is stated to connect with jacking clamping plate;The lifting body further includes the first connecting plate, the second connecting plate, the first flexible oil Cylinder and spacer pin, the fixed part upper end are provided with limit plate, and first connecting plate is fixedly connected with limit plate, and described first Connecting plate is provided with the limit hole with spacer pin Matching installation, and second connecting plate is made of connecting lateral plate and connecting bottom board, The connecting bottom board is provided with the relief hole of corresponding fixed part, the fixed part lower end insertion relief hole and limit plate bottom surface and company Connect bottom plate fitting, the connecting lateral plate is provided with the limiting slot of corresponding limit hole, the spacer pin penetrate limiting slot and with limit Hole matching connection, first telescopic oil cylinder one end are connect with the second connecting plate, the other end and limit pin connection, the jacking folder Plate can move under the driving of the first telescopic oil cylinder along limiting slot.
Trolley, subsequent stand carrying are carried the beneficial effects of the present invention are: hanging stand to stand by boom hoisting Trolley moves to stand above lifting body, lifting body carry stand and with scaling platform stretch out stand is transferred to it is vertical Stand is jacked up and is finally mounted on tunnel inner wall by frame installation site, lifting body, and the present apparatus can complete stand installation Overall Steps, since the relative position of each mechanism is fixed, there is no the Research on Interactive Problem of each step of stand;The design is integrated more A function, high automated operation reduce human cost, simplify stand installation, increase construction safety.
Detailed description of the invention
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is the installation structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is mounting structure front view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is mounting structure right view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is mounting structure top view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the decomposition state schematic diagram of lifting body;
Fig. 6 is enlarged view at the A of Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is enlarged view at the B of Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is enlarged view at the C of Fig. 1;
Fig. 9 is another angle schematic diagram of mounting structure of the present invention
Figure 10 is enlarged view at the D of Fig. 9.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Referring to figs. 1 to Figure 10, a kind of excavation stand hoisting mechanism of the invention, including pedestal 1, guide rail 2, stand carrying it is small Vehicle 3, scaling platform 4, lifting body 5 and boom hoisting.
The guide rail 2 is laterally fixedly mounted on the pedestal 1.In the present embodiment, in order to which stand carrying transport is more steady, lead There are two the settings of rail 2, and the direction that is laid with of guide rail 2 extends the direction excavated along tunnel.Pedestal 1 is provided with work between two guide rails Make platform 11.
The stand carrying trolley 3 is mounted on guide rail 2 and can transport stand, each guide rail 2 along 2 transverse translation of guide rail Upper one stand of setting carries trolley 3, and the stand carrying trolley 3 is connected with translational drive mechanism, the translational drive mechanism The stand transverse shifting being placed on stand carrying trolley 3 can be driven and send stand to the lifting body 5 for being in retracted state Top.Preferably, 2 main structure of guide rail is an I-steel, and stand carrying 3 bottom of trolley is provided with two rows of idler wheels, two rows of Idler wheel is respectively embedded into inside the slot of I-steel two sides and is slided.In the present embodiment, it is preferable that translational drive mechanism is the first liquid Winch 31 is pressed, every stand carrying trolley 3 is correspondingly arranged first hydraulic wireline winch 31, and the stand carrying trolley 3 is in its cunning The both ends in dynamic direction are connected with the first connecting line, and the guide rail 2 is provided with pulley at corresponding both ends, small with stand carrying First connecting line at 3 both ends of vehicle bypasses corresponding pulley respectively and is finally connected to same first hydraulic wireline winch 31, and first is hydraulic Winch 31 is installed on the pedestal 1.The positive and negative rotation of first hydraulic wireline winch 31 can control stand carrying trolley 3 and move forward or back.Tool Body, stand carrying 3 upper end of trolley are arranged at intervals with two pieces of the be vertically arranged perpendicular to stand carrying trolley 3 moving direction Side plate, two first side plates form a vertical passageway through for placing stand, and the first side plate and passageway bottom surface are connected with Tilting backup plate, backup plate are parallel to vertically arranged, and two tilting backup plates are for carrying stand, and two first side plates are provided with accordingly Bolt hole, the first side plate connection bolt stand can be auxiliarily fixed.
The scaling platform 4 is flexible to be mounted on 1 upper surface of pedestal, and scaling platform 4 is arranged among two guide rails 2, described to stretch Contracting platform 4 is connected with the first telescoping drive mechanism that its can be driven flexible;In the present embodiment, it is preferable that the first flexible driving machine Structure is the second hydraulic wireline winch 45, and the second hydraulic wireline winch 45 is mounted on pedestal 1, and pedestal 1 is provided in the rear and front end of scaling platform 4 Corresponding pulley, scaling platform 4 are separately connected two the second connecting lines, and two the second connecting lines bypass the pulley at both ends simultaneously respectively It is finally connected on the second hydraulic wireline winch 45, the positive and negative rotation of the second hydraulic wireline winch 45 can control the flexible of scaling platform 4.This reality It applies in example, it is preferable that the link position of the second connecting line and scaling platform 4 is in the latter half of of scaling platform 4, i.e. stretching direction It is latter half of, it is certainly specific and with no restriction, corresponding link position can be set according to the outreach of scaling platform 4.For Stress is steady in 4 telescopic process of scaling platform, and the second hydraulic wireline winch 45, the second connecting line and corresponding pulley be provided with two Group, vertically interval setting, and be symmetrical arranged according to the middle line of scaling platform 4, the flexible stress of such scaling platform 4 is more equal It is even.Specifically, the setting of 1 upper end of pedestal is provided with a row along flexible side on the inside of sliding rail frame 15 there are two sliding rail frame 15 To the idler wheel of arrangement, channel steel corresponding with idler wheel matching is arranged in 4 two sides of scaling platform, and the channel steel of 4 two sides of scaling platform is embedded in Movement is realized on two side wheels.Certainly in other embodiments, there are many kinds of the connection types of scaling platform 4 and pedestal 1, only It wants scaling platform 4 to be slidably connected and realizes Telescopic on the pedestal 1.
The lifting body 5 is connected on scaling platform 4, and the lifting body 5 is used to that stand top above it will to be located It rises;The boom hoisting carries trolley 3 for slinging and sending by stand to stand.
Artificial need to be by stand bind to boom hoisting, and boom hoisting can send stand to stand carrying trolley 3, stand Frame is sent under the action of stand carries trolley 3 to the top of lifting body 5, and lifting body 5 and stand are again with scaling platform 4 Stretching is sent to tunnel excavation, and final lifting body 5 jacks up stand, and stand is mounted on tunnel upper wall.
In order to which scaling platform 4 supports its stand, the stretching end of the scaling platform 4 in the case where not leaning on external equipment Bottom is provided with support cylinder 41, i.e. the front bottom end that scaling platform 4 stretches out direction is arranged in support cylinder 41.Support cylinder 41 Height can be adjusted according to distance from the ground and can bear higher load.In the present embodiment, support cylinder 41 is provided with two It is a, it is respectively provided at both sides.In order to keep the support of scaling platform 4 more steady, it is more uniformly stressed, 4 middle-end of scaling platform Bottom be provided with telescopic supporting leg 42,42 bottom of supporting leg is screw jack, height can be adjusted according to the actual situation, In order to which supporting leg 42 does not interfere the retraction of scaling platform 4, the supporting leg 42 may be folded on 4 bottom surface of scaling platform, specifically, such as Shown in Figure 10,42 top of supporting leg is connect with scaling platform 4, and 42 top of supporting leg is logical close to the side at 4 middle part of scaling platform It crosses hinge and scaling platform 4 is hinged, 42 top of supporting leg is provided with bolt hole, and scaling platform 4 is provided with corresponding bolt hole, when When supporting leg 42 struts, 42 top of supporting leg is connected to 4 bottom surface of scaling platform, and bolt hole is aligned, and can pass through matched spiral shell Bolt is fixed.When scaling platform is shunk, then demounting bolt, supporting leg 42 to be accepted, there are two the settings of supporting leg 42, point It She Zhi not be in 4 two sides of scaling platform.In the present embodiment, supporting leg 42 is arranged to realize automatic contraction in 4 bottom of scaling platform There is cord holder 43, cord holder 43 is connect by retraction cord 44 with 42 bottom end of supporting leg, and cord holder 43 passes through recycling 44 energy of retraction cord The receipts of supporting leg 42 are stacked in 4 bottom surface of scaling platform.
When scaling platform 4 stretches out, support cylinder 41 and supporting leg are all also not acted upon, and at this moment bear the weight of a stand It may make 4 unstability of scaling platform.Therefore in the present embodiment, for the smooth working of device, the lifting body 5 is slidably connected at Scaling platform 4, the lifting body 5 are connected with the sliding drive mechanism that it can be driven to slide.
Sliding drive mechanism is third hydraulic wireline winch 58, similar with the driving method of scaling platform 4, passes through lifting body 5 The third connecting line on both sides connect around the third pulley that 4 both ends of scaling platform are arranged in third hydraulic wireline winch 58.And in order to Balance and stability transports stand, and third hydraulic wireline winch 58, third pulley, third connecting line are provided with two groups and are spaced in the vertical direction Setting.
Lifting body 5 can not rise carrying stand first in this way, and first equal scaling platforms 4 extend to designated position, support cylinder 41 and after supporting leg 42 all starts effect, lifting body 5 carries the stand above it again, and stand is moved to corresponding positions It sets, the load of stand has acted against on support cylinder 41 and supporting leg 42, the steady stress of realization device, so that whole device It works more steady.Specifically, the lifting body 5 includes jacking clamping plate 51 for carrying stand and is connected to jacking folder The lift drive mechanism 52 of 51 lower end of plate.Jacking 51 upper end of clamping plate is provided with the inclined plate of two piece of second side plate and a Block- matching stand Composition, two piece of second side plate is vertical with the glide direction of lifting body 5 and interval setting, inclined plate are inclined at two second side plates Intermediate and be vertically arranged with two second side plates, stand is carried on the inclined plate of two sides and by the spiral shell of the hole installation on the second side plate Bolt is auxiliarily fixed, and in order to which inclined plate is able to bear the gravity of stand, has filled in chock below inclined plate, inclined plate and chock are provided with Corresponding bolt hole is to be bolted.
The installation that the lift drive mechanism 52 is used to that jacking clamping plate 51 and stand to be driven to rise to realize stand, the liter Drop driving mechanism 52 is hydraulic cylinder, more steady in order to jack stand, is exerted a force more uniform, jacking clamping plate 51 and lifting driving There are two the settings of mechanism 52, is separately positioned on the two sides of 5 glide direction of lifting body.Certainly due to the interference of support cylinder 41, Scaling platform 4 cannot be shunk back completely on pedestal 1, therefore in order to which stand carrying trolley 3 can send stand to 5 top of lifting body, End, that is, Fig. 2 right end of the guide rail 2 in corresponding 4 extension end of scaling platform exceeds pedestal 1, so that the track of stand carrying trolley 3 The handover of stand is realized there are overlapping region with the track of lifting body 5.
The specific structure of lifting body 5 is introduced below, as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 8, the lift drive mechanism 52 includes solid Determine portion 522 and connect with fixed part 522 and retractable pars contractilis 521,521 top of pars contractilis and jacking clamping plate 51 connect It connects, fixed part 522 is the cylinder tube of hydraulic cylinder, and pars contractilis 521 is the cylinder rod of hydraulic cylinder;The lifting body 5 also wraps The first connecting plate 57, the second connecting plate 53, the first telescopic oil cylinder 55 and spacer pin 54 are included, 522 upper end of fixed part is provided with Limit plate 522a, first connecting plate 57 are fixedly connected with the limit plate 522a of two sides, for constitutional balance, limit plate 522a It is arranged there are two and is spaced in the glide direction of lifting body 5 and is arranged, each first connecting plate 57 is provided with and spacer pin 54 The limit hole 57a of Matching installation.Second connecting plate 53 is made of two connecting lateral plates and connecting bottom board, two connecting lateral plates It is arranged along 5 glide direction interval of lifting body, the connecting bottom board is provided with the relief hole 53c of corresponding fixed part 522, described Relief hole 53c is inserted into 522 lower end of fixed part and the bottom surface limit plate 522a is bonded with connecting bottom board, and relief hole 53c size is less than limit Position plate 522a and it is greater than fixed part 522, fixed part 522 can be in the mobile a certain distance of relief hole 53c.Two connecting lateral plates are all provided with It is equipped with the limiting slot 53a of corresponding limit hole 57a, the vertically extending setting of limiting slot 53a, two the first connecting plate 57 settings connect two It connects among side plate, the spacer pin 54 penetrates limiting slot 53a and matches connection, first telescopic oil cylinder 55 with limit hole 57a It is arranged among two first connecting plates 57,55 one end of the first telescopic oil cylinder is connect with the second connecting plate 53, the other end and spacer pin 54 connections, specifically, the first telescopic oil cylinder 55 are hinged to 53b by the first hinge ear on the second connecting plate 53.First flexible oil The telescopic direction of cylinder 55 is vertical.Two lift drive mechanisms 52, jacking 51, two the first connecting plates 57 of clamping plate are flexible first It can the vertically movable position to adjust stand installation under the driving of oil cylinder 55.In addition, 53 lower end two sides of the second connecting plate are provided with Pulley yoke 56, the opposite inside of two pulley yokes 56 are provided with jacking idler wheel 56a, and the jacking idler wheel 56a insertion of two sides is flexible flat It is realized in the channel steel of 4 two sides of platform and rolls movement.In the present embodiment, it is preferable that the moving direction of the stand carrying trolley 3 is stretched The telescopic direction of contracting platform 4 and the glide direction of lifting body 5 are on same a direction.
The preferred structure of boom hoisting is described in detail from Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 below, the boom hoisting includes hanging Arm 6 and lifting rope 9;Hingedly on the pedestal 1, the boom 6 is connected with the rotation that it can be driven to rotate around hinged place for 6 bottom end of boom Turn driving mechanism 8;Stress point is more when slinging for stand, is more uniformly stressed, and there are two the settings of boom 6 and perpendicular It is arranged to interval, two booms 6 are separately positioned on two outsides of guide rail 2, i.e., two guide rails 2 are arranged among two booms 6. In order to preferably adjust the stand position being lifted on boom 6, the 6 top flexible of boom is to change 6 length of boom, institute It states boom 6 and is connected with the second telescoping drive mechanism 7 that its can be driven flexible.Specifically, the boom 6 includes outer boom 61 and interior Boom 62, the hollow form of centre bore is equipped with centered on the outer boom 61, and the interior boom 62 is sleeved on the center of outer boom 61 It can stretch in hole and along its length, second telescoping drive mechanism 7 is hydraulically extensible oil;Described second flexible driving 7 one end of mechanism is connected to outer boom 61, and the other end is connected to interior boom 62, in order to which interior boom 62 can more be contracted to outer boom In 61, the second telescoping drive mechanism 7 is connected to the upper end position of interior boom 62.The rotary drive mechanism 8 is hydraulically extensible oil Cylinder, described 8 one end of rotary drive mechanism and pedestal 1 are hinged, and the other end is flexibly connected with outer boom 61 and can be along outer boom 61 Length direction sliding, specifically, outer 61 side of boom are arranged at intervals with two steel plates for being equipped with boom sliding slot 612, boom sliding slot 612 extending directions are the length direction of boom 6, and 8 top of rotary drive mechanism is provided with connecting hole, and top is embedded among two steel plates And connecting hole is aligned with boom sliding slot 612, connecting hole and boom sliding slot 612 are inserted with pin rod, and rotary drive mechanism 8 passes through Connecting hole is fixedly connected or is rotatablely connected with pin rod, and gag lever post can be moved in sliding slot to drive rotary drive mechanism 8 It moves along the chute one end.In order to which boom 6 can adjust certain angle to adapt to the stand of different size, outer 61 bottom of boom Portion is connect by the first hinged seat 12 with pedestal 1, and the outer boom 61 and the first hinged seat 12 are hinged, first hinged seat 12 Bottom is evenly arranged with a circle bolt hole to be bolted on pedestal 1;The rotary drive mechanism 8 is hinged by second Seat 13 is connect with pedestal 1, and the rotary drive mechanism 8 and the second hinged seat 13 are hinged, and the pedestal 1 is provided with hinged around first The arc track 14 of 12 setting of seat, the center of curvature of arc track 14 are fallen on the axis of the first hinged seat 12, second hinge Joint chair 13 is slidably connected on arc track 14.When needing to adjust the angle, the first hinged seat 12 can be by rotating after disassembly It is fixed again with bolt after corresponding angle, the second hinged seat 13 can be moved on arc track 14 to adapt to the after adjusting the angle One hinged seat 12, the first hinged seat 12 and the second hinged seat 13 are arranged along stand carrying 3 moving direction interval of trolley, and the second hinge Joint chair 13 is positioned close to 1 end position of pedestal, the i.e. left end of Fig. 2.
The 9 middle part solderless wrapped connection of lifting rope is used for bind in 6 upper end of boom, the lifting rope 9 around the vertically extending one end of boom 6 There is stand, the other end is connected with lifting rope folding and unfolding driving mechanism 91;In order to which 9 folding and unfolding of lifting rope is more smooth, reduce resistance, it is described in hang 62 sidewall upper of arm is provided with first pulley 624, which is provided with the first crossed beam trunking of corresponding first pulley 624 622, and the opposite sidewall upper edge of the side wall is provided with second crossed beam trunking 621 corresponding with the first crossed beam trunking 622, and it is described to hang Rope 9 successively bypasses first pulley 624, the second crossed beam trunking 621 and the first crossed beam trunking 622 simultaneously since lifting rope folding and unfolding driving mechanism 91 It finally extends vertically for connecting stand, is additionally provided with reducing friction resistance among the second crossed beam trunking 621 and the first crossed beam trunking 622 Cylinder 626, cylinder 626 be higher than the second crossed beam trunking 621 and the first crossed beam trunking 622 slot bottom.Lifting rope 9 successively receive in lifting rope by solderless wrapped connection The extending direction for putting driving mechanism 91, first pulley 624, the second crossed beam trunking 621 and the first crossed beam trunking 622 is along outer boom 61 The direction of rotation driven when rotary drive mechanism 8 is shunk.It is described outer in order to preferably reduce the resistance that lifting rope 9 is subject to Boom 61 and the ipsilateral side lower end of first pulley 624 are provided with second pulley 611.In the present embodiment, lifting rope folding and unfolding driving machine Structure 91 is hoist engine.Boom 6 cooperates lifting rope 9 and hoist engine can be by stand again under the action of rotary drive mechanism 8 in fact It send from 1 side-lower of pedestal to stand carrying trolley, the second telescoping drive mechanism 7 is intended merely to stand, and that alignment is more easily adjusted is vertical Frame, which carries trolley and receives when boom 6, is stacked in the non-bulging pedestal 1 of boom 6 when not in use of pedestal 1, hides on the pedestal 1.
Above-mentioned transverse direction is that guide rail puts extending direction, the i.e. left and right directions at the visual angle Fig. 2, and vertical is the upper and lower at the visual angle Fig. 4 To, and it is vertically vertical with transverse direction and plummet direction, plummet direction goes up and down direction.In the present embodiment, the stand carries trolley 3 Moving direction, the telescopic direction of scaling platform 4, the glide direction of lifting body 5 be transverse direction.
The present apparatus is automation control, the power such as above-mentioned all driving mechanisms, hoist engine, oil cylinder, hydraulic wireline winch, cord holder Device is all connected with control system, and control system controls the work of entire machine by control power device.
The working principle of the present apparatus:
When present apparatus job initiation state, stand carries trolley 3 in position as shown in Figure 2, positioned at the left end of guide rail 2, rotation Turning driving mechanism 8 is contraction state, and boom 6, which is also received, to be folded on the pedestal 1, and boom 6 is almost parallel to the horizontal plane, the second flexible driving Mechanism 7 is elongation state, so that 6 top of boom exceeds pedestal 1 and guide rail 2, stand bind is on lifting rope 9, with rear lifting rope folding and unfolding Driving mechanism 91 drives lifting rope 9 to shrink, and stand is raised to certain altitude, subsequent rotary drive mechanism 8 starts to extend, props up and hang Arm 6, boom 6 drives stand to rotate to 1 top of pedestal, while the second telescoping drive mechanism 7 also starts to shrink, in rotary driving machine Under the action of structure 8 and the second telescoping drive mechanism 7, make stand alignment stand carrying trolley 3, then lifting rope folding and unfolding driving mechanism 91 Start to put rope, drops to stand on stand carrying trolley 3, subsequent rotary drive mechanism 8 and the second telescoping drive mechanism 7 are multiple Position, boom 6, which is received, to be folded on the pedestal 1.Subsequent stand carrying trolley 3 drives stand to move right.Until stand is moved to and is in back Until the top of the lifting body 5 of contracting state, subsequent lifting body 5 is motionless, and scaling platform 4 stretches out, support cylinder 41 and support Leg 42 is strutted with support telescopic platform 4.Then jacking clamping plate 51 rises certain distance, has accepted top positioned at stand and has carried trolley Stand on 3, after stand is detached from the limitation of stand carrying trolley 3, lifting body 5 is whole to move right until to designated mounting Until position, jacking clamping plate 51 is begun to ramp up, and stand is jacked to tunnel inner wall, and subsequent artificial station opposes in scaling platform 4 Frame carries out installation fixation.
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention and is not intended to limit it, all without departing from the present invention Any modification of spirit and scope or equivalent replacement, shall fall within the scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of excavation stand hoisting mechanism, it is characterised in that: including pedestal (1), guide rail (2), stand carrying trolley (3), stretch Contracting platform (4), lifting body (5) and boom hoisting;
The scaling platform (4) is flexible to be mounted on pedestal (1), and the scaling platform (4) is connected with that its can be driven flexible One telescoping drive mechanism;
The lifting body (5) is slidably connected at scaling platform (4), and the lifting body (5), which is connected with, can drive its sliding Sliding drive mechanism, the lifting body (5) include jacking clamping plate (51) for carrying stand and are connected to jacking clamping plate (51) lift drive mechanism (52) of lower end, the lift drive mechanism (52) is for driving jacking clamping plate (51) and stand to rise To realize the installation of stand;
The boom hoisting carries trolley (3) for slinging and sending by stand to stand;
The guide rail (2) is laterally fixedly mounted on pedestal (1);
Stand carrying trolley (3) is mounted on guide rail (2) and can transport along guide rail (2) transverse translation stand, described vertical Frame carrying trolley (3) is connected with translational drive mechanism, and the translational drive mechanism, which can drive, to be placed in stand carrying trolley (3) Stand transverse shifting and by stand send in retracted state lifting body (5) top.
2. excavation stand hoisting mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the stretching end of the scaling platform (4) End bottom is provided with support cylinder (41).
3. excavation stand hoisting mechanism according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the bottom of scaling platform (4) middle-end Portion is provided with telescopic supporting leg (42), and the supporting leg (42) may be folded on scaling platform (4) bottom surface.
4. excavation stand hoisting mechanism according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: supporting leg (42) setting is flexible Platform (4) bottom surface side, supporting leg (42) top and scaling platform (4) bottom surface are hinged, and scaling platform (4) bottom is set It is equipped with cord holder (43), the cord holder (43) is connect with supporting leg (42) lower end by retraction cord (44).
5. excavation stand hoisting mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the boom hoisting includes boom (6) With lifting rope (9);Boom (6) bottom end is hinged on pedestal (1), and boom (6) the top flexible is long to change boom (6) Degree, the boom (6) are connected with the second telescoping drive mechanism (7) that its can be driven flexible, and the boom (6) is connected with and can drive Its rotary drive mechanism rotated around hinged place (8);Solderless wrapped connection is in boom (6) upper end, the lifting rope (9) in the middle part of the lifting rope (9) It is used for bind stand around boom (6) vertically extending one end, the other end to be connected with lifting rope folding and unfolding driving mechanism (91).
6. excavation stand hoisting mechanism according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the boom (6) includes outer boom (61) and interior boom (62) hollow form of centre bore, is equipped with centered on the outer boom (61), the interior boom (62) is sleeved on In the centre bore of outer boom (61), second telescoping drive mechanism (7) is hydraulically extensible oil;The second flexible driving machine Structure (7) one end is connected to outer boom (61), and the other end is connected to interior boom (62).
7. excavation stand hoisting mechanism according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the rotary drive mechanism (8) is liquid Press telescopic oil cylinder, described rotary drive mechanism (8) one end and pedestal (1) hingedly, the other end be flexibly connected with outer boom (61) and It can be slided along outer boom (61) length direction.
8. excavation stand hoisting mechanism according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: outer boom (61) bottom passes through the One hinged seat (12) is connect with pedestal (1), the outer boom (61) and the first hinged seat (12) hingedly, first hinged seat (12) bottom is evenly arranged with a circle bolt hole to be bolted on pedestal (1);The rotary drive mechanism (8) passes through Second hinged seat (13) is connect with pedestal (1), the rotary drive mechanism (8) and the second hinged seat (13) hingedly, the pedestal (1) it is provided with the arc track (14) around the first hinged seat (12) setting, second hinged seat (13) is slidably connected at arc On track (14).
9. excavation stand hoisting mechanism according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: interior boom (62) sidewall upper is set First pulley (624) are equipped with, which is provided with the first crossed beam trunking (622) of corresponding first pulley (624), with this The opposite sidewall upper edge of side wall is provided with the second crossed beam trunking (621) corresponding with the first crossed beam trunking (622), the lifting rope (9) line successively is crossed around first pulley (624), the second crossed beam trunking (621) and first since lifting rope folding and unfolding driving mechanism (91) Slot (622) is simultaneously finally extended vertically for connecting stand.
10. excavation stand hoisting mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: lift drive mechanism (52) packet Include fixed part (522) and connect with fixed part (522) and retractable pars contractilis (521), pars contractilis (521) top with Jack clamping plate (51) connection;The lifting body (5) further includes the first connecting plate (57), the second connecting plate (53), first flexible Oil cylinder (55) and spacer pin (54), fixed part (522) upper end are provided with limit plate (522a), first connecting plate (57) It is fixedly connected with limit plate (522a), first connecting plate (57) is provided with and the limit hole of spacer pin (54) Matching installation (57a), second connecting plate (53) are made of connecting lateral plate and connecting bottom board, and the connecting bottom board is provided with corresponding fixed part (522) relief hole (53c), fixed part (522) lower end be inserted into relief hole (53c) and the limit plate bottom surface (522a) with connect Bottom plate fitting, the connecting lateral plate are provided with the limiting slot (53a) of corresponding limit hole (57a), and the spacer pin (54) penetrates limit Position slot (53a) simultaneously matches connection with limit hole (57a), and described first telescopic oil cylinder (55) one end and the second connecting plate (53) are even It connects, the other end is connect with spacer pin (54), and the jacking clamping plate (51) can be along limit under the driving of the first telescopic oil cylinder (55) Position slot (53a) is mobile.
CN201810792844.2A 2018-07-18 2018-07-18 A kind of excavation stand hoisting mechanism Pending CN109051848A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810792844.2A CN109051848A (en) 2018-07-18 2018-07-18 A kind of excavation stand hoisting mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810792844.2A CN109051848A (en) 2018-07-18 2018-07-18 A kind of excavation stand hoisting mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109051848A true CN109051848A (en) 2018-12-21

Family

ID=64817385

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810792844.2A Pending CN109051848A (en) 2018-07-18 2018-07-18 A kind of excavation stand hoisting mechanism

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109051848A (en)

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