CN109047286B - Municipal waste treatment process - Google Patents

Municipal waste treatment process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109047286B
CN109047286B CN201810891006.0A CN201810891006A CN109047286B CN 109047286 B CN109047286 B CN 109047286B CN 201810891006 A CN201810891006 A CN 201810891006A CN 109047286 B CN109047286 B CN 109047286B
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Prior art keywords
crushing
driving
box
shaft
module
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CN201810891006.0A
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CN109047286A (en
Inventor
林枫
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Zhejiang Zhenghao Intelligent Manufacturing Co., Ltd
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Zhejiang Zhenghao Intelligent Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810891006.0A priority Critical patent/CN109047286B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of garbage treatment, in particular to an urban garbage treatment process, which uses a treatment device, wherein the treatment device comprises a box body, a motor, a crushing roller, a crushing module, a first vibration module, a second vibration module, a spiral conveying shaft, a spiral extrusion roller and a filter screen; the crushing roller is rotatably arranged at the upper part inside the box body; the crushing module comprises a driving shaft, a rotating disc, a guide pillar, a rack, a first inclined block, a fixed rod, a crushing cutter shaft, a driving gear and a crushing cutter; the driving shaft and the rotating shaft of the crushing roller are in gear engagement transmission, the rotating disc is fixedly connected to one end of the driving shaft, the outer ring of the rotating disc is fixedly connected with a guide pillar, the guide pillar is used for extruding a first inclined block arranged at the end of a rack, the middle part of the crushing cutter shaft is fixedly connected with a driving gear, the driving gear is meshed with the rack, and two ends of the crushing cutter shaft are respectively provided with a crushing cutter. The invention transmits the power of the crushing roller through the rack and the driving gear, realizes the multi-stage crushing of the solid waste by utilizing the driving of one power source, and can save energy.

Description

Municipal waste treatment process
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of garbage treatment, and particularly relates to a municipal garbage treatment process.
Background
Municipal waste refers to solid, semi-solid waste material produced by humans in production, consumption, life and other activities, and is colloquially referred to as "waste". Mainly comprises solid particles, garbage, furnace slag, sludge, waste products, damaged vessels, defective products, animal carcasses, deteriorated foods, human and animal excreta and the like. Some countries also classify high-concentration liquid such as waste acid, waste alkali, waste oil, waste organic solvent and the like into solid waste, and the generation and discharge of the solid waste are accompanied with the continuation of the human society, and the production, distribution, exchange and consumption links of the social production can generate waste; the links of planning, designing, raw material purchasing, manufacturing, packaging, transporting, distributing, consuming and the like of the product in the life cycle of the product can also generate solid waste, and the solid waste can also be generated even if the solid waste is utilized for reverse production and a corresponding reverse logistics process; solid wastes are generated in various functional areas of land use, residential areas, commercial areas, industrial areas, agricultural areas, municipal facilities, cultural and recreational areas, outdoor open lands and the like; solid waste is produced and discharged by any individual, enterprise, government organization and social organization throughout the society.
If the waste is not treated in time, the environment can be greatly polluted and ecological balance can be destroyed, particularly, the existing solid waste is directly treated when being treated, so that the solid is large and difficult to normally treat, the efficiency is low, and the cost is increased.
Some municipal refuse treatment's technical scheme has also appeared among the prior art, has disclosed a solid waste processing apparatus like chinese patent with application number 2017111973408, the power distribution box comprises a box body, the top fixedly connected with top case on box right side, the bottom fixedly connected with under casing on box right side, and the left bottom fixedly connected with motor case of box, the crushing case of top fixedly connected with of box inner wall, be located the bottom fixedly connected with disinfect box of smashing the case between the both sides of box inner wall, and be located the bottom fixedly connected with extrusion case of disinfect box between the both sides of box inner wall, the first motor of first motor cabinet fixedly connected with is passed through to one side of top incasement wall, through shaft coupling fixedly connected with crushing roller on the output shaft of first motor.
The garbage disposal method adopting the technical scheme can be used for disposing the solid wastes, but the method has the defects of insufficient crushing, influence on the progress of subsequent processes, and use of a plurality of driving sources, so that the energy utilization efficiency is low, and the waste of resources is caused.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to make up for the defects of the prior art, the municipal waste treatment process provided by the invention uses the treatment device, the treatment device is provided with the crushing module, the driving shaft of the crushing module rotates to enable the guide post on the outer side of the rotating disc to periodically extrude the first inclined block to drive the rack to horizontally move, the driving gear meshed with the rack drives the crushing knife to secondarily crush solid waste particles crushed by the crushing roller, and a power source is used for driving to realize multistage crushing of the solid waste, so that the crushing efficiency is improved, and energy can be saved.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention relates to a municipal refuse treatment process, which comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: collecting urban garbage in a centralized manner and conveying the urban garbage into transfer equipment;
step two: the transfer equipment in the step one conveys the municipal refuse to a refuse treatment center, performs primary classification, and conveys the solid waste to the next process;
step three: conveying the solid waste in the step two into a treatment device for crushing;
step four: feeding the solid waste crushed in the third step into a sorting machine for screening, and separating out metal and nonmetal;
step five: recycling the metal separated in the fourth step;
the processing device comprises a box body, a motor, a crushing roller, a crushing module, a first vibration module, a second vibration module, a spiral conveying shaft, a spiral extrusion roller and a filter screen; a motor is fixedly arranged at the upper part of the right side of the box body, and a rotating shaft of the motor is fixedly connected with the crushing roller; the crushing roller is rotatably installed on the upper portion inside the box body, the crushing module is arranged below the crushing roller, a first vibration module and a second vibration module which are arranged in parallel are arranged below the crushing module, the first vibration module and the second vibration module are used for disinfecting crushed waste, the first vibration module is arranged above the second vibration module, a spiral conveying shaft is arranged below the first vibration module, the spiral conveying shaft is used for conveying the crushed waste to the right side of the box body in a rotating mode, a spiral extrusion roller is rotatably installed at the bottom of the right side of the box body, the spiral extrusion roller is rotatably installed on a filter screen at the bottom of the box body, and the spiral extrusion roller is meshed with the spiral conveying shaft through a bevel gear; the crushing module comprises a driving shaft, a rotating disc, a guide pillar, a rack, a first inclined block, a fixed rod, a crushing cutter shaft, a driving gear and a crushing cutter; the crushing device comprises a box body, a crushing roller, a driving shaft, a rack, a rotating disc, a guide pillar, a spring, a fixing rod, a crushing cutter shaft, a driving gear, a crushing cutter shaft. When the crushing device is used, solid wastes enter from a feeding port at the top of the box body, are crushed by the crushing roller and are secondarily crushed by the crushing module; the drive shaft of crushing module rotates and makes the first sloping block of guide pillar periodic extrusion in the rolling disc outside, orders about rack horizontal migration, and drive gear with rack toothing orders about broken sword and carries out the secondary crushing through crushing roller broken solid waste particle, and after secondary crushing's solid waste fully disinfected through vibration module, carry the box right side through the defeated material axle of spiral and extrude the back through the spiral extrusion roller, discharge from the filter screen. The system is driven by one power source, so that the multistage crushing of the solid waste is realized, and the crushing efficiency is improved.
Preferably, the end of the rack is fixedly connected with a balancing weight, and the balancing weight is positioned outside the box body. In the process of reciprocating movement of the rack, the inertia of the balancing weight is utilized, the impact force of the rack is improved, the rotating speed of the crushing cutter is increased, and the secondary crushing efficiency of the solid waste is improved.
Preferably, the crushing modules are at least provided with three groups, and the three groups of crushing modules are arranged on the periphery of the crushing roller. All there is around smashing the roller below to set up three sets of crushing module, fully intercepts and the secondary crushing to the solid waste who smashes the roller departure, improves the broken efficiency of solid waste.
Preferably, cross poker rod is being linked firmly to drive shaft one end, the poker rod end sets to the ellipse, the poker rod both sides are equipped with the mounting panel that links firmly in the roof bottom of the box respectively, are linking firmly the gasbag between two mounting panels, the poker rod rotates and is used for intermittent type extrusion gasbag, the gasbag is connecting air outlet check valve and air inlet check valve through the trachea, the air current of air outlet check valve output is used for promoting the drive wheel of defeated material axle head of spiral, and the drive wheel periphery is equipped with corresponding blade. The drive shaft rotates and drives the poking rod to rotate, the poking rod rotates to intermittently extrude the air bag, air flow generated by the air bag is used for pushing the spiral conveying shaft to rotate, a single power source is used for driving, the utilization rate of energy is improved, and the consumption of the energy is reduced.
Preferably, first vibration module and second vibration module structure are the same, and first vibration module includes first vibration board, guide arm, first driving-disc, second sloping and control by temperature change board, first vibration board slidable mounting is arranged at the inside and level of box, is covered with the through-hole on the first vibration board, first vibration board one end fixed connection guide arm, the guide arm pressure is touched on a first driving-disc side, first driving-disc rotates and installs in box one side, first driving-disc side is equipped with a set of second sloping that the circumference was arranged, and the second sloping sets up along the sliding path of guide arm, first vibration board bottom all is equipped with a set of control by temperature change board. During the use, first driving-disc rotates, and the pressure touches guide arm on first driving-disc under the effect of second sloping block, along horizontal direction reciprocating motion for the solid waste particle who detains at first vibration board rolls, and the temperature control plate heating is to rolling solid waste particle disinfection, makes the disinfection more abundant, improves sterile efficiency.
Preferably, the second vibration module comprises a second driving disc a and a third oblique block a, the initial angles of the second oblique block and the third oblique block a are different, the blades on the peripheries of the first driving disc and the second driving disc a are mutually meshed, and the first driving disc can drive the second driving disc a to rotate. Because the initial angle of second sloping block and third sloping block a is different, corresponding first vibration board and second vibration board position are different promptly, adopt this kind of crisscross mode from top to bottom, when the through-hole of solid waste granule follow first vibration board falls into the second vibration board, can be further to the disinfection of solid waste granule for the disinfection is more abundant, improves sterile efficiency.
Preferably, the first drive disc is driven in rotation by the airflow generated by the bladder. Through gasbag outlet guide pipe, blow the blade of first driving-disc along the tangential direction of first driving-disc, can drive first driving-disc rotatory, utilize single power supply to drive, improve the utilization ratio of the energy, the consumption of the energy of reduction.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the municipal waste treatment process, the treatment device is used, the crushing module is arranged, the driving shaft of the crushing module rotates to enable the guide pillar on the outer side of the rotating disc to periodically extrude the first inclined block, the rack is driven to horizontally move, the driving gear meshed with the rack drives the crushing knife to secondarily crush solid waste particles crushed by the crushing roller, the multistage crushing of the solid waste is realized by utilizing the driving of one power source, and the crushing efficiency is improved.
2. According to the municipal waste treatment process, the treatment device is used, the end of the rack is fixedly connected with the balancing weight, and in the reciprocating movement process of the rack, the impact force of the rack is improved by utilizing the inertia of the balancing weight, so that the rotating speed of the crushing cutter is increased, and the secondary crushing efficiency of solid waste is improved.
3. The invention relates to a municipal refuse treatment process, which uses a treatment device, wherein the treatment device enables a poke rod to intermittently extrude an air bag through the rotation of a driving shaft, so that the air flow generated by the air bag is fully utilized, on one hand, the generated air flow can be used for pushing a spiral conveying shaft to rotate, on the other hand, the air pipe led out from the air bag blows blades of a first driving disk along the tangential direction of the first driving disk, so that the first driving disk can be driven to rotate, the single power source is utilized for multi-stage driving, the utilization rate of energy is improved, and the consumption of energy is reduced.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a process flow diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of the processing apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of FIG. 2 at E;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view A-A of FIG. 2;
in the figure: the crushing device comprises a box body 1, a motor 2, a crushing roller 3, a crushing module 4, a driving shaft 41, a rotating disc 42, a guide post 43, a rack 44, a balancing weight 441, a first inclined block 45, a fixing rod 46, a crushing cutter shaft 47, a driving gear 48, a first vibration module 5, a first vibration plate 51, a guide rod 52, a first driving disc 53, a second inclined block 54, a temperature control plate 55, a second vibration module 6, a second driving disc 53a, a third inclined block 54a, a second vibration plate 52a, a poking rod 61, a mounting plate 62, an air bag 63, a spiral conveying shaft 7, a driving wheel 71, a spiral extrusion roller 8 and a filter screen 9.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the municipal waste treatment process of the invention comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: collecting urban garbage in a centralized manner and conveying the urban garbage into transfer equipment;
step two: the transfer equipment in the step one conveys the municipal refuse to a refuse treatment center, performs primary classification, and conveys the solid waste to the next process;
step three: conveying the solid waste in the step two into a treatment device for crushing;
step four: feeding the solid waste crushed in the third step into a sorting machine for screening, and separating out metal and nonmetal;
step five: recycling the metal separated in the fourth step;
the treatment device comprises a box body 1, a motor 2, a crushing roller 3, a crushing module 4, a first vibration module 5, a second vibration module 6, a spiral conveying shaft 7, a spiral extrusion roller 8 and a filter screen 9; a motor 2 is fixedly arranged at the upper part of the right side of the box body 1, and a rotating shaft of the motor 2 is fixedly connected with a crushing roller 3; the crushing roller 3 is rotatably installed on the upper portion inside the box body 1, the crushing module 4 is arranged below the crushing roller 3, a first vibration module 5 and a second vibration module 6 which are arranged in parallel are arranged below the crushing module 4, the first vibration module 5 and the second vibration module 6 are used for disinfecting crushed waste, the first vibration module 5 is arranged above the second vibration module 6, a spiral conveying shaft 7 is arranged below the first vibration module 5, the spiral conveying shaft 7 rotates to convey the crushed waste to the right side of the box body 1, a spiral extrusion roller 8 is rotatably installed at the bottom of the right side of the box body 1, the spiral extrusion roller 8 is rotatably installed on a filter screen 9 at the bottom of the box body 1, and the spiral extrusion roller 8 is meshed with the spiral conveying shaft 7 through a bevel gear; the crushing module 4 comprises a driving shaft 41, a rotating disc 42, a guide post 43, a rack 44, a first inclined block 45, a fixing rod 46, a crushing cutter shaft 47, a driving gear 48 and a crushing cutter; the crushing device comprises a box body 1, a driving shaft 41, a crushing roller 3, a rotating shaft 41, a rotating disc 42, a guide pillar 43, a fixing rod 46, a crushing cutter shaft 47, a group of crushing cutter shafts 47, a driving gear 48 and crushing cutters, wherein the driving shaft 41 is rotatably installed at the upper left corner of the box body 1, the driving shaft 41 and the rotating shaft of the crushing roller 3 are in gear meshing transmission, the rotating disc 42 is fixedly connected to one end of the driving shaft 41 and is located at the outer side of the box body 1, the outer ring of the rotating disc 42 is fixedly connected with the guide pillar 43, the guide pillar 43 is used for extruding a first inclined block 45 arranged at the end of the rack 44, the rack 44 penetrates through the box body 1 at one side and is fixedly connected to the side wall of the other side of the box body 1 through a spring, the. When the crushing device is used, solid wastes enter from a feeding port at the top of the box body 1, are crushed by the crushing roller 3 and are secondarily crushed by the crushing module 4; the driving shaft 41 of the crushing module 4 rotates to enable the guide post 43 on the outer side of the rotating disc 42 to periodically extrude the first inclined block 45, the rack 44 is driven to horizontally move, the driving gear 48 meshed with the rack 44 drives the crushing knife to secondarily crush solid waste particles crushed by the crushing roller 3, and the secondarily crushed solid waste is conveyed to the right side of the box body 1 through the spiral conveying shaft 7 after being fully sterilized by the vibration module 5 and is extruded by the spiral extrusion roller 8 and then is discharged from the filter screen 9. The system is driven by one power source, so that the multistage crushing of the solid waste is realized, and the crushing efficiency is improved.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the end of the rack 44 is fixedly connected to a counterweight 441, and the counterweight 441 is located outside the box body 1. In the process of reciprocating the rack 44, the impact force of the rack 44 is improved by using the inertia of the counterweight 441, so that the rotating speed of the crushing knife is increased, and the secondary crushing efficiency of the solid waste is improved.
In one embodiment of the present invention, at least three sets of crushing modules 4 are provided, and the three sets of crushing modules 4 are provided on the periphery of the crushing roller 3. All there is three sets of crushing module 4 that set up all around crushing roller 3 below, fully intercepts and the secondary crushing to the solid waste that crushing roller 3 flew out, improves the broken efficiency of solid waste.
As an implementation mode of the invention, one end of the driving shaft 41 is fixedly connected with a cross-shaped poke rod 61, the end of the poke rod 61 is set to be oval, two sides of the poke rod 61 are respectively provided with a mounting plate 62 fixedly connected to the bottom of the top plate of the box body 1, an air bag 63 is fixedly connected between the two mounting plates 62, the poke rod 61 rotates to intermittently extrude the air bag 63, the air bag 63 is connected with an air outlet one-way valve and an air inlet one-way valve through an air pipe, the air flow output by the air outlet one-way valve is used for pushing a driving wheel 71 at the end of the spiral conveying shaft 7, and the periphery. The driving shaft 41 rotates to drive the poke rod 61 to rotate, the poke rod 61 rotates to intermittently extrude the air bag 63, air flow generated by the air bag 63 is used for pushing the spiral conveying shaft 7 to rotate, a single power source is used for driving, the utilization rate of energy is improved, and the consumption of energy is reduced.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the first vibration module 5 and the second vibration module 6 have the same structure, the first vibration module includes a first vibration plate 51, a guide rod 52, a first driving disk 53, a second inclined block 54 and a temperature control plate 55, the first vibration plate 51 is slidably mounted inside the box 1 and horizontally disposed, through holes are fully distributed on the first vibration plate 51, one end of the first vibration plate 51 is fixedly connected to the guide rod 52, the guide rod 52 is pressed on one side of the first driving disk 53, the first driving disk 53 is rotatably mounted on one side of the box 1, a set of second inclined blocks 54 circumferentially disposed is disposed on one side of the first driving disk 53, the second inclined blocks 54 are disposed along a sliding path of the guide rod 52, and a set of temperature control plate 55 is disposed at the bottom of each of the first vibration plate 51. During the use, first driving-disc 53 rotates, and guide arm 52 that the pressure touched on first driving-disc 53 is under the effect of second sloping block 54, along horizontal direction reciprocating motion for the solid waste particle who detains at first vibration board 51 rolls, and the heating of control by temperature change board 55 is to the disinfection of rolling solid waste particle, makes the disinfection more abundant, improves sterile efficiency.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the second vibration module 6 includes a second driving disk 53a and a third oblique block 54a, the initial angles of the second oblique block 54 and the third oblique block 54a are different, the blades on the outer peripheries of the first driving disk 53 and the second driving disk 53a are engaged with each other, and the first driving disk 53 can drive the second driving disk 53a to rotate. Due to the fact that the initial angles of the second inclined block 54 and the third inclined block 54a are different, namely the positions of the corresponding first vibration plate 51 and the second vibration plate 52 are different, when solid waste particles fall into the second vibration plate 52 from the through hole of the first vibration plate 51 in the up-and-down staggered mode, the solid waste particles can be further sterilized, the sterilization is more sufficient, and the sterilization efficiency is improved.
As one embodiment of the present invention, the first driving disk 53 is driven to rotate by the airflow generated by the air bag 63. The air guide pipe of the air bag 63 blows the blades of the first driving disk 53 along the tangential direction of the first driving disk 53, so that the first driving disk 53 can be driven to rotate, a single power source is utilized for driving, the utilization rate of energy is improved, and the consumption of the reduced energy is reduced.
When the crushing device is used, solid wastes enter from a feeding port at the top of the box body 1, are crushed by the crushing roller 3 and are secondarily crushed by the crushing module 4; the driving shaft 41 of the crushing module 4 rotates to enable the guide posts 43 on the outer side of the rotating disc 42 to periodically extrude the first inclined blocks 45 to drive the racks 44 to horizontally move, the driving gear 48 meshed with the racks 44 drives the crushing cutter to secondarily crush the solid waste particles crushed by the crushing roller 3, and the multistage crushing of the solid waste is realized by utilizing the driving of one power source, so that the crushing efficiency is improved; meanwhile, the air bags 63 are intermittently extruded by the poke rod 61 through rotation of the driving shaft 41, air flow generated by the air bags 63 is fully utilized, the generated air flow can be used for pushing the spiral conveying shaft 7 to rotate on one hand, and on the other hand, the blades of the first driving disk 53 are blown along the tangential direction of the first driving disk 53 through an air pipe led out from the air bags 63, so that the first driving disk 53 can be driven to rotate, multi-stage driving is performed by using a single power source, the utilization rate of energy is improved, and the consumption of energy is reduced.
While the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from its scope. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment disclosed, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (1)

1. A municipal refuse treatment process is characterized by comprising the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: collecting urban garbage in a centralized manner and conveying the urban garbage into transfer equipment;
step two: the transfer equipment in the step one conveys the municipal refuse to a refuse treatment center, performs primary classification, and conveys the solid waste to the next process;
step three: conveying the solid waste in the step two into a treatment device for crushing;
step four: feeding the solid waste crushed in the third step into a sorting machine for screening, and separating out metal and nonmetal;
step five: recycling the metal separated in the fourth step;
the treatment device comprises a box body (1), a motor (2), a crushing roller (3), a crushing module (4), a first vibration module (5), a second vibration module (6), a spiral conveying shaft (7), a spiral extrusion roller (8) and a filter screen (9); a motor (2) is fixedly installed at the upper part of the right side of the box body (1), and a rotating shaft of the motor (2) is fixedly connected with the crushing roller (3); the crushing roller (3) is rotatably installed on the upper portion inside the box body (1), the crushing module (4) is arranged below the crushing roller (3), a first vibration module (5) and a second vibration module (6) which are arranged in parallel are arranged below the crushing module (4), the first vibration module (5) is arranged above the second vibration module (6), a spiral conveying shaft (7) is arranged below the first vibration module (5), the spiral conveying shaft (7) is rotatably used for conveying crushed waste to the right side of the box body (1), a spiral extrusion roller (8) is rotatably installed at the bottom of the right side of the box body (1), the spiral extrusion roller (8) is rotatably installed on a filter screen (9) at the bottom of the box body (1), and the spiral extrusion roller (8) is meshed with the spiral conveying shaft (7) through a bevel gear; the crushing module (4) comprises a driving shaft (41), a rotating disc (42), a guide post (43), a rack (44), a first inclined block (45), a fixed rod (46), a crushing cutter shaft (47), a driving gear (48) and a crushing cutter; the driving shaft (41) is rotatably installed at the upper left corner of the box body (1), the driving shaft (41) and a rotating shaft of the crushing roller (3) are in gear engagement transmission, the rotating disc (42) is fixedly connected at one end of the driving shaft (41) and positioned at the outer side of the box body (1), a guide pillar (43) is fixedly connected to the outer ring of the rotating disc (42), the guide pillar (43) is used for extruding a first inclined block (45) arranged at the end of a rack (44), the rack (44) penetrates through the box body (1) at one side and is fixedly connected to the side wall of the other side of the box body (1) through a spring, fixing rods (46) fixedly connected to the inner wall of the box body (1) are respectively arranged above and below the rack (44), the crushing cutter shafts (47) penetrate through the fixing rods (46) and are rotatably connected with the fixing rods (46), a group of crushing cutter shafts (47) are uniformly arranged on, the driving gear (48) is meshed with the rack (44), and crushing cutters are respectively arranged at two ends of the crushing cutter shaft (47);
the end of the rack (44) is fixedly connected with a balancing weight (441), and the balancing weight (441) is positioned outside the box body (1);
the crushing modules (4) are at least provided with three groups, and the three groups of crushing modules (4) are arranged on the periphery of the crushing roller (3);
one end of the driving shaft (41) is fixedly connected with a cross shifting rod (61), the end of the shifting rod (61) is arranged to be oval, two sides of the shifting rod (61) are respectively provided with a mounting plate (62) fixedly connected to the bottom of a top plate of the box body (1), an air bag (63) is fixedly connected between the two mounting plates (62), the shifting rod (61) rotates to intermittently extrude the air bag (63), the air bag (63) is connected with an air outlet one-way valve and an air inlet one-way valve through an air pipe, air flow output by the air outlet one-way valve is used for pushing a driving wheel (71) at the end of the spiral conveying shaft (7), and corresponding blades are arranged on the periphery of the driving;
the first vibration module (5) and the second vibration module (6) have the same structure, the first vibration module (5) comprises a first vibration plate (51), a guide rod (52), a first driving disc (53), a second inclined block (54) and a temperature control plate (55), the first vibrating plate (51) is arranged in the box body (1) in a sliding way and is arranged horizontally, through holes are fully distributed on the first vibrating plate (51), one end of the first vibrating plate (51) is fixedly connected with a guide rod (52), the guide rod (52) is pressed on one side surface of a first driving disk (53), the first driving disk (53) is rotatably arranged at one side of the box body (1), a group of second inclined blocks (54) which are circumferentially arranged are arranged at the side surface of the first driving disk (53), the second inclined blocks (54) are arranged along the sliding path of the guide rod (52), a group of temperature control plates (55) are arranged at the bottom of each first vibrating plate (51);
the second vibration module (6) comprises a second driving disc (53a), a third inclined block (54a) and a second vibration plate (52a), the initial angles of the second inclined block (54) and the third inclined block (54a) are different, blades on the peripheries of the first driving disc (53) and the second driving disc (53a) are meshed with each other, and the first driving disc (53) can drive the second driving disc (53a) to rotate;
the first driving disk (53) is driven to rotate by the airflow generated by the air bag (63).
CN201810891006.0A 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 Municipal waste treatment process Active CN109047286B (en)

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CN109047286B true CN109047286B (en) 2020-10-13

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Citations (9)

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