CN109047286A - A kind of process for treating urban garbage - Google Patents

A kind of process for treating urban garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109047286A
CN109047286A CN201810891006.0A CN201810891006A CN109047286A CN 109047286 A CN109047286 A CN 109047286A CN 201810891006 A CN201810891006 A CN 201810891006A CN 109047286 A CN109047286 A CN 109047286A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cabinet
shaft
broken
skewback
module
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Granted
Application number
CN201810891006.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109047286B (en
Inventor
林枫
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Zhejiang Zhenghao Intelligent Manufacturing Co., Ltd
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Acer Cloud Construction And Installation Co Ltd Suzhou
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Priority to CN201810891006.0A priority Critical patent/CN109047286B/en
Publication of CN109047286A publication Critical patent/CN109047286A/en
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Publication of CN109047286B publication Critical patent/CN109047286B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention belongs to technical field of waste treatment, specifically a kind of process for treating urban garbage, the technique uses processing unit, which includes cabinet, motor, pulverization roller, broken module, the first vibration module, the second vibration module, spiral feeding shaft, screw extrusion roller and filter screen;Pulverization roller is rotatably installed in box house top;Broken module includes drive shaft, rotating disc, guide post, rack gear, the first skewback, fixed link, crushing cutter shaft and driving gear, broken crushing cutter;Drive shaft and pulverization roller shaft pass through gear engaged transmission, rotating disc is connected in drive shaft one end, rotating disc outer ring is connected guide post, guide post is used to squeeze the first skewback of rack gear end setting, be connected driving gear in the middle part of crushing cutter shaft, driving wheel and rack is meshed, and crushing cutter shaft both ends are respectively equipped with crushing cutter.The present invention is by rack gear and gear is driven to transmit the power of pulverization roller, and the multiple stage crushing of solid waste is realized using a power source drive, can be energy saving.

Description

A kind of process for treating urban garbage
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of waste treatment, specifically a kind of process for treating urban garbage.
Background technique
Municipal refuse refers to solid-state, the semisolid discarded object that the mankind generate in production, consumption, life and other activities Matter is exactly generally " rubbish ".It mainly include solid particle, rubbish, clinker, sludge, discarded product, damaged vessel, residual Substandard products, animal carcass, rotten food, human and animal excreta etc..Some countries are high concentrations such as spent acid, salkali waste, waste oil, spent organic solvents Liquid be also classified as solid waste, the generation and discharge of solid waste are also continuing, social metaplasia along with human society The production of production, distribution, exchange, consumptive link can all generate waste;The planning of the product of product life cycle, design, former material The links such as material buying, manufacture, packaging, transport, distribution and consumption can also generate solid waste, even with solid waste Solid waste can similarly be generated by carrying out inverse production and corresponding reverse logistic process;Each functional areas of land use, house Area, shopping centre, industrial area, farming region, urban operating mechanism, recreation area, outdoor vacant lot etc. can all generate solid waste;Full society Any individual, enterprises and institutions, government organization and the social organization of meeting can all generate and discharge solid waste.
If waste not in time handle, environment can be caused greatly to pollute and can destroy the ecological balance, Especially solid waste, existing solid waste are often directly handled when being handled so that solid compared with It is difficult to normally handle greatly, and inefficiency, so that increased costs.
Also occurs the technical solution of some treatments of urban garbage in the prior art, such as application No. is 2017111973408 A Chinese patent disclose a kind of solid waste treatment device, including cabinet, the top on the right side of the cabinet is fixedly connected There is top case, the bottom on the right side of the cabinet is fixedly connected under casing, and the bottom on the left of cabinet is fixedly connected with motor housing, described Crush box is fixedly connected at the top of cabinet wall, the bottom that crush box is located between the two sides of the cabinet wall is fixedly connected There is disinfect box, and the bottom between the two sides of cabinet wall positioned at disinfect box is fixedly connected with squeezing tank, the top case inner wall Side is fixedly connected with first motor by first motor seat, is fixedly connected on the output shaft of the first motor by shaft coupling There is crushing shaft.
This uses the waste disposal method of the technical solution, can handle solid waste, but this method is also deposited It is insufficient being crushed, the progress of subsequent handling is influenced, while causing so that efficiency of energy utilization is lower using multiple driving sources The waste of resource.
Summary of the invention
In order to make up for the deficiencies of the prior art, a kind of process for treating urban garbage proposed by the present invention, the technique is at Device is managed, which makes the guide post on the outside of rotating disc all by the way that broken module, the drive shaft turns of broken module are arranged Phase property squeezes the first skewback, drives rack gear to move horizontally, the driving gear being engaged with rack drives crushing cutter that will pass through pulverization roller Broken solid waste particle carries out second-time breakage, and the multiple stage crushing of solid waste is realized using a power source drive, improves Crushing efficiency, and can be energy saving.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind for the treatment of of urban garbage work of the present invention Skill, the technique the following steps are included:
Step 1: it by municipal refuse centralized collection, and is sent into transloading equipment;
Step 2: municipal refuse is transported to garbage disposal center by the transloading equipment in step 1, and carries out preliminary classification, will Solid waste therein is sent to subsequent processing;
Step 3: the solid waste in step 2 is sent to being crushed in processing unit;
Step 4: the solid waste being crushed in step 3 feeding sorting machine is screened, metal and nonmetallic is separated;
Step 5: the metal recovery sub-elected in step 4 is utilized;
Wherein, the processing unit includes cabinet, motor, pulverization roller, broken module, the first vibration module, the second vibration Module, spiral feeding shaft, screw extrusion roller and filter screen;Motor, the machine shaft is fixedly mounted in the cabinet right upper portion It is fixedly connected with pulverization roller;The pulverization roller is rotatably installed in box house top, and the broken module is located at below pulverization roller, institute It states and is equipped with the first vibration module disposed in parallel and the second vibration module below broken module, the first vibration module and the second vibration module For carrying out disinfection to broken waste, the first vibration module is located above the second vibration module, the lower section of the first vibration module Equipped with spiral feeding shaft, the spiral feeding shaft rotation is for by the right side of smashed waste delivery to cabinet, the cabinet to be right Side bottom is rotatablely installed screw extrusion roller, and screw extrusion roller is rotatably installed on the filter screen of the bottom of box, and the spiral is squeezed Pressure roller is engaged by bevel gear with spiral feeding shaft;The broken module include drive shaft, rotating disc, guide post, rack gear, first tiltedly Block, fixed link, crushing cutter shaft and driving gear, broken crushing cutter;The drive shaft turns are mounted on the cabinet upper left corner, the driving By gear engaged transmission, the rotating disc is connected in drive shaft one end, and is located on the outside of cabinet, described for axis and pulverization roller shaft Rotating disc outer ring is connected guide post, and the guide post is used to squeeze the first skewback of rack gear end setting, and the rack gear runs through side Cabinet, and be connected on the side wall of the cabinet other side by spring, it is respectively equipped with and is connected in cabinet above and below the rack gear Fixed link on wall, the crushing cutter shaft are rotatablely connected through fixed link and with fixed link, one group are uniformly arranged in fixed link and is broken Broken cutter shaft, the crushing cutter shaft middle part, which is connected, drives gear, and the driving wheel and rack is meshed, the crushing cutter shaft both ends It is respectively equipped with crushing cutter.In use, solid waste enters from the feeding inlet of top of the box, first pass through pulverization roller it is broken after, pass through Broken module separating twice;The drive shaft turns of broken module make the guide post on the outside of rotating disc periodically squeeze the first skewback, Rack gear is driven to move horizontally, the solid waste particle that the driving gear being engaged with rack drives crushing cutter that will be crushed by pulverization roller Second-time breakage is carried out, by the solid waste of second-time breakage after vibration module adequate disinfection, is conveyed by spiral feeding shaft On the right side of to cabinet and after the extruding of screw extrusion roller, it is discharged from filter screen.The system utilizes a power source drive, realizes solid The multiple stage crushing of waste, improves crushing efficiency.
Preferably, the rack gear end is fixedly connected clump weight, and the clump weight is located at outside cabinet.It is reciprocal in rack gear In mobile process, using the inertia of clump weight, the impact force of rack gear is improved, so that the revolving speed of crushing cutter increases, improves solid The efficiency of waste second-time breakage.
Preferably, the broken module is at least arranged three groups, and three groups of broken modules are located at pulverization roller periphery.Under pulverization roller The surrounding of side has three groups of setting broken modules, sufficiently intercepts to the solid waste that pulverization roller flies out and second-time breakage, raising are solid The broken efficiency of body waste.
Preferably, described drive shaft one end is connected cross poke rod, and ovalisation, institute is arranged in the poke rod end It states poke rod two sides and is respectively equipped with the mounting plate for being connected in box roof bottom, be connected air bag between two mounting plates, described Poke rod rotation is used for Intermittent pneumatic compression air bag, and the air bag is connected to outgassing nonreturn valve and breather check valve by tracheae, described The air-flow of outgassing nonreturn valve output is used to push the driving wheel of spiral conveying shaft end head, and driving wheel periphery is equipped with corresponding blade. Drive shaft turns drive poke rod rotation, and poke rod rotates Intermittent pneumatic compression air bag, and the air-flow that air bag generates is for pushing spiral transferring Expect axis rotation, is driven using single power source, improve the utilization rate of the energy, the consumption of the reduced energy.
Preferably, the first vibration module and the second vibration module structure are identical, the first vibration module include the first oscillating plate, Guide rod, the first drive disk, the second skewback and temperature control plate, first oscillating plate are slidably mounted on box house and horizontally disposed, It is covered with through-hole on first oscillating plate, first oscillating plate one end is fixedly connected with guide rod, and the guide rod pressure touching is in the first drive disk On one side, first drive disk is rotatably installed in cabinet side, and the first driving disc side is equipped with into circumference One group of second skewback, the second skewback are arranged along the sliding path of guide rod, and first oscillating plate bottom is equipped with one group of temperature control Plate.In use, the first drive disk rotates, pressure is touched in the guide rod on the first drive disk under the effect of the second skewback, in the horizontal direction It moves back and forth, so that the solid waste particle for being trapped in the first oscillating plate rolls, temperature control plate heats the solid waste to rolling Grain disinfection improves the efficiency of disinfection so that disinfection is more abundant.
Preferably, the second vibration module includes the second drive disk a and third skewback a, the second skewback and third skewback a just Beginning angle is different, and the blade of the first drive disk and the second periphery drive disk a is mutually twisted, and the first drive disk is able to drive the second drive Moving plate a rotation.Since the second skewback is different with the initial angle of third skewback a, i.e., corresponding first oscillating plate and the second vibration Board position is different, falls into the second vibration from the through-hole of the first oscillating plate using this staggered mode, solid waste particle up and down When plate, further solid waste particle can be sterilized, so that disinfection is more abundant, improve the efficiency of disinfection.
Preferably, the first drive disk is rotated by the air stream drives that air bag generates.Tracheae is drawn by air bag, is driven along first The tangential direction of Moving plate blows the blade of the first drive disk, can drive the first driving disc spins, using single power source into Row driving, improves the utilization rate of the energy, the consumption of the reduced energy.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
1. a kind of process for treating urban garbage of the invention, which uses processing unit, which passes through setting The drive shaft turns of broken module, broken module make the guide post on the outside of rotating disc periodically squeeze the first skewback, drive rack gear It moves horizontally, it is secondary that the driving gear being engaged with rack drives crushing cutter to carry out the solid waste particle being crushed by pulverization roller It is broken, the multiple stage crushing of solid waste is realized using a power source drive, improves crushing efficiency.
2. a kind of process for treating urban garbage of the invention, which uses processing unit, which passes through in tooth End is fixedly connected with clump weight, during rack gear moves back and forth, using the inertia of clump weight, improves the impact of rack gear Power improves the efficiency of solid waste second-time breakage so that the revolving speed of crushing cutter increases.
3. a kind of process for treating urban garbage of the invention, which uses processing unit, which passes through driving Axis rotates so that poke rod Intermittent pneumatic compression air bag, the air-flow generated to air bag make full use of, and the air-flow generated is on the one hand Can be used for that spiral feeding shaft is pushed to rotate, on the other hand, the tracheae drawn by air bag, along the tangential direction of the first drive disk The blade of the first drive disk is blown, the first driving disc spins can be driven, multiple drive power is carried out using single power source, improves The utilization rate of the energy, the consumption of the reduced energy.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is process flow chart of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the main view of processing unit of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the three-dimensional structure diagram in Fig. 2 at E;
Fig. 4 is A-A cross-sectional view in Fig. 2;
In figure: cabinet 1, pulverization roller 3, broken module 4, drive shaft 41, rotating disc 42, guide post 43, rack gear 44, is matched at motor 2 Pouring weight 441, the first skewback 45, fixed link 46, crushing cutter shaft 47, driving gear 48, the first vibration module 5, the first oscillating plate 51, Guide rod 52, the first drive disk 53, the second skewback 54, temperature control plate 55, second vibration module 6, the second drive disk 53a, third skewback 54a, the second oscillating plate 52a, poke rod 61, mounting plate 62, air bag 63, spiral feeding shaft 7, driving wheel 71, screw extrusion roller 8, Filter screen 9.
Specific embodiment
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below Specific embodiment is closed, the present invention is further explained.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of process for treating urban garbage of the present invention, the technique the following steps are included:
Step 1: it by municipal refuse centralized collection, and is sent into transloading equipment;
Step 2: municipal refuse is transported to garbage disposal center by the transloading equipment in step 1, and carries out preliminary classification, will Solid waste therein is sent to subsequent processing;
Step 3: the solid waste in step 2 is sent to being crushed in processing unit;
Step 4: the solid waste being crushed in step 3 feeding sorting machine is screened, metal and nonmetallic is separated;
Step 5: the metal recovery sub-elected in step 4 is utilized;
Wherein, the processing unit includes cabinet 1, motor 2, pulverization roller 3, broken module 4, the first vibration module 5, the Two vibration modules 6, spiral feeding shaft 7, screw extrusion roller 8 and filter screen 9;Motor 2, institute is fixedly mounted in 1 right upper portion of cabinet It states 2 shaft of motor and is fixedly connected with pulverization roller 3;The pulverization roller 3 is rotatably installed in 1 inner upper of cabinet, and the broken module 4 is set It is equipped with the first vibration module disposed in parallel 5 and the second vibration module 6 below pulverization roller 3, below the broken module 4, first For carrying out disinfection to broken waste, the first vibration module 5 is located at the second vibration module 6 for vibration module 5 and the second vibration module 6 Top, the lower section of the first vibration module 5 are equipped with spiral feeding shaft 7, and the rotation of spiral feeding shaft 7 is for by smashed waste It is transported to 1 right side of cabinet, 1 bottom right side of cabinet is rotatablely installed screw extrusion roller 8, and screw extrusion roller 8 is rotatably installed in On the filter screen 9 of 1 bottom of cabinet, the screw extrusion roller 8 is engaged by bevel gear with spiral feeding shaft 7;The broken module 4 Including drive shaft 41, rotating disc 42, guide post 43, rack gear 44, the first skewback 45, fixed link 46, crushing cutter shaft 47 and driving gear 48, crushing cutter is broken;The drive shaft 41 is rotatably installed in 1 upper left corner of cabinet, and the drive shaft 41 passes through tooth with 3 shaft of pulverization roller Wheel engaged transmission, the rotating disc 42 are connected in 41 one end of drive shaft, and are located at 1 outside of cabinet, and 42 outer ring of rotating disc is solid It ins succession guide post 43, the guide post 43 is used to squeeze the first skewback 45 of 44 end of rack gear setting, and the rack gear 44 runs through side case Body 1, and be connected on 1 other side side wall of cabinet by spring, it is respectively equipped with above and below the rack gear 44 and is connected in cabinet 1 Fixed link 46 on inner wall, the crushing cutter shaft 47 are rotatablely connected through fixed link 46 and with fixed link 46, in fixed link 46 One group of crushing cutter shaft 47 of even setting, be connected in the middle part of the crushing cutter shaft 47 driving gear 48, the driving gear 48 and rack gear 44 It is meshed, 47 both ends of crushing cutter shaft are respectively equipped with crushing cutter.In use, solid waste from the feeding inlet at the top of cabinet 1 into Enter, first pass through pulverization roller 3 it is broken after, by being crushed 4 separating twice of module;The drive shaft 41 of broken module 4 rotates so that rotation The guide post 43 in 42 outside of disk periodically squeezes the first skewback 45, drives rack gear 44 to move horizontally, the sliding tooth engaged with rack gear 44 Wheel 48 drives crushing cutter that the solid waste particle being crushed by pulverization roller 3 is carried out second-time breakage, by the solid of second-time breakage Waste is transported to 1 right side of cabinet by spiral feeding shaft 7 and squeezes through screw extrusion roller 8 after 5 adequate disinfection of vibration module Afterwards, it is discharged from filter screen 9.The system utilizes a power source drive, realizes the multiple stage crushing of solid waste, improves broken effect Rate.
As one embodiment of the present invention, 44 end of rack gear is fixedly connected clump weight 441, the clump weight 441 are located at outside cabinet 1.During rack gear 44 moves back and forth, using the inertia of clump weight 441, rushing for rack gear 44 is improved Power is hit, so that the revolving speed of crushing cutter increases, improves the efficiency of solid waste second-time breakage.
As one embodiment of the present invention, the broken module 4 is at least arranged three groups, and three groups of broken modules 4 are located at 3 periphery of pulverization roller.Surrounding below pulverization roller 3 has three groups of setting broken modules 4, the solid waste to fly out to pulverization roller 3 Simultaneously second-time breakage is sufficiently intercepted, the broken efficiency of solid waste is improved.
As one embodiment of the present invention, described 41 one end of drive shaft is connected cross poke rod 61, and described group Ovalisation is arranged in 61 end of lever, and 61 two sides of poke rod are respectively equipped with the mounting plate 62 for being connected in 1 top plate bottom of cabinet, Be connected air bag 63 between two mounting plates 62, and the rotation of poke rod 61 is used for Intermittent pneumatic compression air bag 63, and the air bag 63 is logical It crosses tracheae and is connected to outgassing nonreturn valve and breather check valve, the air-flow of the outgassing nonreturn valve output is for pushing spiral feeding shaft The driving wheel 71 of 7 ends, 71 periphery of driving wheel are equipped with corresponding blade.The rotation of drive shaft 41 drives poke rod 61 to rotate, and stirs Bar 61 rotates Intermittent pneumatic compression air bag 63, and the air-flow that air bag 63 generates utilizes single power for pushing spiral feeding shaft 7 to rotate Source is driven, and the utilization rate of the energy, the consumption of the reduced energy are improved.
As one embodiment of the present invention, the first vibration module 5 is identical with 6 structure of the second vibration module, the first vibration Dynamic model block includes the first oscillating plate 51, guide rod 52, the first drive disk 53, the second skewback 54 and temperature control plate 55, first vibration Plate 51 is slidably mounted on the inside of cabinet 1 and horizontally disposed, and through-hole, described first oscillating plate, 51 one end are covered on the first oscillating plate 51 It is fixedly connected with guide rod 52, on 53 one side of the first drive disk, first drive disk 53 is rotatablely installed for the pressure of guide rod 52 touching In 1 side of cabinet, 53 side of the first drive disk is equipped with one group of second skewback 54 at circumference, and the second skewback 54 is along leading The sliding path of bar 52 is arranged, and 51 bottom of the first oscillating plate is equipped with one group of temperature control plate 55.In use, the first drive disk 53 rotations, pressure touching under the effect of the second skewback 54, move back and forth in the horizontal direction in the guide rod 52 on the first drive disk 53, so that The solid waste particle for being trapped in the first oscillating plate 51 rolls, and temperature control plate 55, which heats, sterilizes the solid waste particle of rolling, makes It must sterilize more abundant, improve the efficiency of disinfection.
As one embodiment of the present invention, the second vibration module 6 includes the second drive disk 53a and third skewback 54a, Second skewback 54 is different with the initial angle of third skewback 54a, the blade phase of the first drive disk 53 and the second periphery drive disk 53a Mutually occlusion, the first drive disk 53 are able to drive the second drive disk 53a rotation.Due to the second skewback 54 and third skewback 54a just Beginning angle is different, i.e., corresponding first oscillating plate 51 and 52 position of the second oscillating plate are different, using this staggered mode up and down, It, can be further to solid waste particle when solid waste particle falls into the second oscillating plate 52 from the through-hole of the first oscillating plate 51 Disinfection improves the efficiency of disinfection so that disinfection is more abundant.
As one embodiment of the present invention, the first drive disk 53 is rotated by the air stream drives that air bag 63 generates.It is logical It crosses air bag 63 and draws tracheae, the blade of the first drive disk 53 is blown along the tangential direction of the first drive disk 53, first can be driven Drive disk 53 rotates, and is driven using single power source, improves the utilization rate of the energy, the consumption of the reduced energy.
In use, solid waste enters from the feeding inlet at the top of cabinet 1, first pass through pulverization roller 3 it is broken after, by being crushed mould 4 separating twice of block;The drive shaft 41 of broken module 4 rotates so that the guide post 43 in 42 outside of rotating disc periodically squeezes the first skewback 45, drive rack gear 44 to move horizontally, the driving gear 48 engaged with rack gear 44 drives crushing cutter to be consolidated what is be crushed by pulverization roller 3 Body waste particles carry out second-time breakage, and the multiple stage crushing of solid waste is realized using a power source drive, improves broken effect Rate;Meanwhile it is rotated using drive shaft 41 so that 61 Intermittent pneumatic compression air bag 63 of poke rod, carries out the air-flow that air bag 63 generates abundant It utilizes, on the one hand the air-flow generated can be used for that spiral feeding shaft 7 is pushed to rotate, on the other hand, drawn by air bag 63 Tracheae blows the blade of the first drive disk 53 along the tangential direction of the first drive disk 53, and the first drive disk 53 can be driven to rotate, Multiple drive power is carried out using single power source, improves the utilization rate of the energy, the consumption of the reduced energy.
Although the present invention be illustrated by specific embodiment, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that, do not departing from In the case where the scope of the invention, various transformation and equivalent substitute can also be carried out to the present invention.In addition, being directed to particular condition or material Material, can do various modifications to the present invention, without departing from the scope of the present invention.Therefore, the present invention is not limited to disclosed tool Body embodiment, and should include the whole embodiments fallen within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of process for treating urban garbage, which is characterized in that the technique the following steps are included:
Step 1: it by municipal refuse centralized collection, and is sent into transloading equipment;
Step 2: municipal refuse is transported to garbage disposal center by the transloading equipment in step 1, and carries out preliminary classification, will wherein Solid waste send to subsequent processing;
Step 3: the solid waste in step 2 is sent to being crushed in processing unit;
Step 4: the solid waste being crushed in step 3 feeding sorting machine is screened, metal and nonmetallic is separated;
Step 5: the metal recovery sub-elected in step 4 is utilized;
Wherein, the processing unit includes cabinet (1), motor (2), pulverization roller (3), broken module (4), the first vibration module (5), the second vibration module (6), spiral feeding shaft (7), screw extrusion roller (8) and filter screen (9);Cabinet (1) right upper portion It is fixedly mounted motor (2), motor (2) shaft is fixedly connected with pulverization roller (3);The pulverization roller (3) is rotatably installed in cabinet (1) inner upper, the broken module (4) are located at below pulverization roller (3), are equipped with and are arranged in parallel below the broken module (4) The first vibration module (5) and the second vibration module (6), the first vibration module (5) be located above the second vibration module (6), the first vibration The lower section of dynamic model block (5) is equipped with spiral feeding shaft (7), and the spiral feeding shaft (7) rotation is for by smashed waste delivery On the right side of to cabinet (1), cabinet (1) bottom right side is rotatablely installed screw extrusion roller (8), screw extrusion roller (8) rotation peace On the filter screen (9) of cabinet (1) bottom, the screw extrusion roller (8) is engaged by bevel gear with spiral feeding shaft (7); The broken module (4) includes drive shaft (41), rotating disc (42), guide post (43), rack gear (44), the first skewback (45), fixes Bar (46), broken cutter shaft (47) and driving gear (48), broken crushing cutter;The drive shaft (41) is rotatably installed in cabinet (1) upper left Angle, the drive shaft (41) and pulverization roller (3) shaft are connected in drive shaft by gear engaged transmission, the rotating disc (42) (41) one end, and be located on the outside of cabinet (1), rotating disc (42) outer ring is connected guide post (43), and the guide post (43) is used for The first skewback (45) of rack gear (44) end setting is squeezed, the rack gear (44) runs through a side box body (1), and is connected by spring On the side wall of cabinet (1) other side, the fixation being connected on cabinet (1) inner wall is respectively equipped with above and below the rack gear (44) Bar (46), the crushing cutter shaft (47) are rotatablely connected through fixed link (46) and with fixed link (46), in fixed link (46) uniformly One group of crushing cutter shaft (47) is set, be connected driving gear (48) in the middle part of the crushing cutter shaft (47), the driving gear (48) and Rack gear (44) is meshed, and crushing cutter shaft (47) both ends are respectively equipped with crushing cutter.
2. a kind of process for treating urban garbage according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: rack gear (44) end is fixed It is connected to clump weight (441), it is external that the clump weight (441) is located at cabinet (1).
3. a kind of process for treating urban garbage according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the broken module (4) is at least It is arranged three groups, three groups of broken modules 4 are located at 3 periphery of pulverization roller.
4. a kind of process for treating urban garbage according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described drive shaft (41) one end is solid It ins succession cross poke rod (61), ovalisation is arranged in poke rod (61) end, and poke rod (61) two sides are set respectively There is the mounting plate (62) for being connected in cabinet (1) top plate bottom, is connected between two mounting plates (62) air bag (63), it is described to stir Bar (61) rotation is used for Intermittent pneumatic compression air bag (63), and the air bag (63) is connected to outgassing nonreturn valve by tracheae and air inlet is unidirectional The air-flow of valve, the outgassing nonreturn valve output is used to push the driving wheel (71) of spiral feeding shaft (7) end, and driving wheel (71) is outside Week is equipped with corresponding blade.
5. a kind of process for treating urban garbage according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the first vibration module (5) and Two vibration modules (6) structure is identical, and the first vibration module (5) includes the first oscillating plate (51), guide rod (52), the first drive disk (53), the second skewback (54) and temperature control plate (55), first oscillating plate (51) are slidably mounted on cabinet (1) inside and horizontal cloth It sets, through-hole is covered on the first oscillating plate (51), described first oscillating plate (51) one end is fixedly connected with guide rod (52), the guide rod (52) on the first drive disk (53) one side, first drive disk (53) is rotatably installed in cabinet (1) side, described for pressure touching First drive disk (53) side is equipped with one group of second skewback (54) at circumference, cunning of the second skewback (54) along guide rod (52) Dynamic path setting, the first oscillating plate (51) bottom is equipped with one group of temperature control plate (55).
6. a kind of process for treating urban garbage according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the second vibration module (6) includes Second drive disk (53a), third skewback (54a) and the second oscillating plate (52a), the second skewback (54) and third skewback (54a) Initial angle is different, and the blade of the first drive disk (53) and the periphery the second drive disk (53a) is mutually twisted, the first drive disk (53) It is able to drive the second drive disk (53a) rotation.
7. a kind of process for treating urban garbage according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the first drive disk (53) passes through gas The air stream drives rotation that capsule (63) generates.
CN201810891006.0A 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 Municipal waste treatment process Active CN109047286B (en)

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CN201810891006.0A CN109047286B (en) 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 Municipal waste treatment process

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810891006.0A CN109047286B (en) 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 Municipal waste treatment process

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CN109047286A true CN109047286A (en) 2018-12-21
CN109047286B CN109047286B (en) 2020-10-13

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