CN109043716A - A kind of template generation method based on 3-D scanning - Google Patents

A kind of template generation method based on 3-D scanning Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109043716A
CN109043716A CN201810704200.3A CN201810704200A CN109043716A CN 109043716 A CN109043716 A CN 109043716A CN 201810704200 A CN201810704200 A CN 201810704200A CN 109043716 A CN109043716 A CN 109043716A
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template
loose measure
human
characteristic
scanning
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赵志泓
苏军强
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赵志泓
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Priority to CN201810704200.3A priority Critical patent/CN109043716A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41HAPPLIANCES OR METHODS FOR MAKING CLOTHES, e.g. FOR DRESS-MAKING, FOR TAILORING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A41H3/00Patterns for cutting-out; Methods of drafting or marking-out such patterns, e.g. on the cloth
    • A41H3/007Methods of drafting or marking-out patterns using computers

Abstract

The template generation method based on 3-D scanning that the invention discloses a kind of, it includes, it is scanned by human body three-dimensional scanner and obtains 3D anthropometric scanning data, and it is directed to the 3D anthropometric scanning data, characteristics of human body position and its measurement method are defined to carry out human somatotype feature description, the particularity of individuation template is decomposed into the particularity of template structure lines simultaneously, obtains typical curve form;The model for establishing the characteristic portion, to express the relationship in the form of the characteristics of human body position between the typical curve form;The characteristic portion model is finely divided, characteristic portion disaggregated model is established, the characteristics of human body position is subjected to stepping processing, and obtain the dress model template of not loose measure.The present invention adjusts problem by analyzing the relationship between the typical curve form of the form of each characteristic portion corresponding thereto, by the parameter that the human body Doubly curved surfaces problem on ordinary meaning is converted into curve in template structure.

Description

A kind of template generation method based on 3-D scanning
Technical field
The present invention relates to digitalized clothing design and production technical field, especially a kind of clothes samples based on 3-D scanning Plate generation method.
Background technique
, there is certain difficulty and limitation in the digitalized clothing template Generation Technology work in relation to individuation, All kinds of methods or dependent on traditional experience that re-packs, or tend to computer modeling technique, these realistic problems are different degrees of On restrict the further development of the relevant technologies, also become practical application obstacle.
Yard method is put using tradition and carries out the modification of template individuation, although its operating method is simple, its disadvantage is also aobvious And it is clear to.As the coding rule of point establish it is very time-consuming and can not codes and standards for reference, such as put code-point position it is true Fixed, quantity determining, determination, determination of grading rule for putting code amount value etc., require to be counted according to the personal experience for teacher of the re-packing It calculates and judges, especially in the alteration ruler for establishing template, modification amount determines that the skill requirement of air exercise plate technique personnel is non- Chang Gao, substantially without codes and standards can foundation, which results in this method can only be as customized clothing template generate Rudimentary form, do not represent the direction further developed.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this section is to summarize some aspects of the embodiment of the present invention and briefly introduce some preferable implementations Example.It may do a little simplified or be omitted to avoid our department is made in this section and the description of the application and the title of the invention Point, the purpose of abstract of description and denomination of invention it is fuzzy, and this simplification or omit and cannot be used for limiting the scope of the invention.
The problem of in view of above-mentioned and/or existing template generation method, propose the present invention.
Therefore, the one of purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of template generation method based on 3-D scanning, Relationship between the typical curve form of the form of each characteristic portion of primary study corresponding thereto.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a kind of human body three-dimensional scanner comprising, It is scanned by human body three-dimensional scanner and obtains 3D anthropometric scanning data, and be directed to the 3D anthropometric scanning data, define people Body characteristics position and its measurement method decompose the particularity of individuation template to carry out human somatotype feature description For the particularity of template structure lines, typical curve form is obtained;The model of the characteristic portion is established, to express the human body Relationship between characteristic portion form and the typical curve form;The characteristic portion model is finely divided, feature is established The characteristics of human body position is carried out stepping processing, to express characteristics of human body position Morphological Diversity by position disaggregated model With the relationship between individuation typical curve form finiteness, and the dress model template of not no loose measure is obtained;Pass through distance pine Amount makes the prototype model be converted into clothes model;
The human body three-dimensional scanner includes motor unit, and the motor unit includes lifting assembly, the first Power Component With first support component, the lifting assembly passes through the first support component, and the end connection of first lifting assembly There is the first Power Component;The lifting assembly includes driving member and guide part, is both vertically arranged, and parallel to each other, institute It states the power output end of the first Power Component upward and is fixed with the lower end of the driving member, the driving member also passes through biography Dynamic component is attached with reduction assemblies, forms transmission;The transmission component includes the first matching piece, the second matching piece and transmission Main shaft, first matching piece are fixed on the driving member, and second matching piece is fixed on the transmission main shaft wherein One end;One end of the transmission main shaft is worked in coordination with first matching piece by second matching piece and is connect, the other end It is attached with the input shaft of the reduction assemblies, the output shaft of the reduction assemblies straight up and is fixed with rotary components; Information acquisition unit is fixed on the first support component;And base assembly, the transmission main shaft and the reduction assemblies It is set to the inside of the base assembly.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: the present invention is by analyzing the typical curve of the form of each characteristic portion corresponding thereto Relationship between form asks the parameter adjustment that the human body Doubly curved surfaces problem on ordinary meaning is converted into curve in template structure Topic.This method is both to apply and avoid the highly difficult of computer expansion three-dimension curved surface to the innovative of apparel modeling principle The problems such as modeling and high-intensitive calculating, can more quickly obtain individuation template curve create-rule.Meanwhile the present invention Characteristic portion is subjected to stepping processing, solves the problems, such as body size difference unlimitedness with limited classification.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, required use in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, for this For the those of ordinary skill of field, without any creative labor, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other Attached drawing.Wherein:
Fig. 1 be first embodiment of the invention described in front of (rear) crotch curved line instrumentation plan.
Fig. 2 is that the bust that multi-line section form described in first embodiment of the invention is shown and Rugen enclose a cloud section signal Figure.
Fig. 3 is chest model figure described in first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 4 is fitted pants characteristic portion sectional position schematic diagram described in first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 is lower dress hip circumference described in first embodiment of the invention apart from loose measure instrumentation plan.
Fig. 6 be first embodiment of the invention described in " apart from loose measure-template increment " model schematic.
Fig. 7 is α angle measurement schematic diagram described in first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 8 is the process generated described in first embodiment of the invention by prototype model-realization increment-personalization template Schematic diagram.
Fig. 9 is human body three-dimensional scanner overall structure diagram and its lifting assembly described in second embodiment of the invention Structure chart.
Figure 10 is transmission component and reduction assemblies installation site structure chart described in second embodiment of the invention.
Figure 11 is transmission component structure chart and its fragmentary detail view described in second embodiment of the invention.
Figure 12 is human body three-dimensional scanner sectional view and its fragmentary detail view described in third embodiment of the invention.
Figure 13 is connection component overall structure figure described in third embodiment of the invention.
Figure 14 is platform compensation unit schematic view of the mounting position described in third embodiment of the invention.
Figure 15 be the front view of platform compensation unit installation site described in third embodiment of the invention, sectional view and its Fragmentary detail view.
Figure 16 is wiring mechanism schematic view of the mounting position and its detail drawing described in four embodiment of the invention.
Figure 17 is the first accommodating member internal structure chart and limited block detail drawing described in four embodiment of the invention.
Figure 18 is the squeezing action schematic diagram of the first pressing piece described in four embodiment of the invention.
Figure 19 is sealing element overall structure figure described in four embodiment of the invention.
Figure 20 is the first monomer internal structure chart described in four embodiment of the invention.
Figure 21 is wiring mechanism internal structure chart described in four embodiment of the invention.
Figure 22 is overall structure assembling schematic diagram described in four embodiment of the invention.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the foregoing objectives, features and advantages of the present invention clearer and more comprehensible, right with reference to the accompanying drawings of the specification A specific embodiment of the invention is described in detail.
It referring to Fig.1~8, is one embodiment of the invention, which provides a kind of clothes based on 3-D scanning Template generation method is mainly generated as target with the Young Women's template of individuation, by by anthropometry, apparel modeling Combine with three-dimension curved surface expansion problems, and it is poor to the conversion of two-dimensional sample plate curve, human bodily form to complete 3 D human body feature Different unlimitedness and individuation template realize the transition problem of technology finiteness.
The present invention analyzes young female's body using 3D anthropometric scanning data, and by human body be divided into lower body and upper body into Row explanation.It mainly solves the problems, such as three: the Two-dimensional morphology relations problems of the three-dimensional body feature of body local and typical curve, The multifarious problem of implementation of the bodily form, the problem of implementation of individuation template.
The template generation method based on 3-D scanning comprising following steps:
S1: being scanned by human body three-dimensional scanner and obtain 3D anthropometric scanning data, and be directed to 3D anthropometric scanning data, Characteristics of human body position and its measurement method are defined to carry out human somatotype feature description, while by the special of individuation template Property is decomposed into the particularity of template structure lines, obtains typical curve form;
S2: establishing the model of characteristic portion, to express in the form of characteristics of human body position with typical curve form between the two Relationship;
S3: being finely divided characteristic portion model, establishes characteristic portion disaggregated model, and characteristics of human body position is carried out stepping Processing, to express the relationship in the form of characteristics of human body position Morphological Diversity and individuation typical curve between finiteness, and obtains There is no the dress model template of loose measure;
S4: by making prototype model be converted into clothes model apart from loose measure.Rule is showed by the space of clothes loose measure, is built Vertical " giving loose measure-apart from loose measure " model, " giving loose measure-apart from loose measure " model just give loose measure in the sky of each characteristic portion Between the regularity of distribution carried out quantificational description;The model " apart from loose measure-template increment ", " apart from loose measure-template increment " are established simultaneously Model can be by the increment of characteristic portion being converted at template feature structure line apart from loose measure;Simultaneous " given loose measure-distance pine " giving loose measure-apart from loose measure-template increment " model can be generated in amount " model and " apart from loose measure-template increment " model, " gives Loose measure-is determined apart from loose measure-template increment " model can describe given loose measure, the number apart from loose measure and template characteristic portion increment Value relationship can fast implement conversion of the prototype model to clothes model.
Further, wherein be directed to the 3D anthropometric scanning data, human body is divided into after lower body and upper body and is carried out respectively The description of the physical characteristic of the lower body and upper body;
Determination, characteristic portion measurement, lower body somatotype, the data analysis and subdivision of characteristic portion are carried out to the lower body Local feature, with the relationship between the characteristic portion and corresponding typical curve of the determination lower body;
The upper body is divided into chest, waist, shoulder, neck, shoulder armpit, and to the chest, waist, shoulder of the upper body Portion, neck, shoulder armpit characteristic portion be determined and measure, with each characteristic portion of the determination upper body and corresponding template Relationship between curve.
" upper body and lower body " among the above is using the waistline in anthropometry meaning as line of demarcation, and waistline is referred above to upper Body, waistline hereinafter referred to as lower body.Therefore, the template generation method based on 3-D scanning is primarily directed to characteristics of human body The analysis method that the geometric shape at position is carried out, and from parameter angle needed for apparel modeling, study the shape at the position The relationship of state feature and template curve.
Based on above-mentioned, the present invention provides a kind of following specific embodiment:
The present invention will complete the young collegegirl group of physiological development as sweep object.The determination of sample size n is to take out Important one of the content of sample prescription case, the sample of selection represent more people as far as possible, and the error of significant dimensions index fall in it is fair Perhaps in range.
Sample drawn carries out the measurement of a certain project from single totality, obtains xi(i=1~n), can by anthropometry Know, partes corporis humani position size Normal Distribution For sample average, usual industrial production and scientific research It is middle using 95% confidence level, then error are as follows:
It is opposite to guarantee error are as follows:
Then sample sizeWherein
Wherein, A is opposite guarantee error.In general, A value is 1%~2% in great scientific research, the value of general scientific research is 3%~4%, 5% is suitable for industrial production.This research is to reduce error, and the value of A is 1%.Cv is the coefficient of variation, variation lines Number shows that more greatly individual fluctuation range is bigger, and the sample size needed is also bigger.s
_
For sample standard deviation, x is sample average.
In order to obtain the characteristic size coefficient of variation of young women, height, the bust, waist of multiple young female's bodies can measure It encloses, abdominal circumference, hip circumference equidimension.The cv value that the main measure the item of clothes human body is calculated by these data, to be divided Sample size n needed for the measurement of position, calculated result are as shown in table 1.
The determination of 1. measurement object sample size of table
One, lower body characteristics and individuation fitted pants prototype model create-rule
(1) lower body physical characteristic research
To quantify body local characteristic morphology, the present invention uses a kind of measurement method, this kind of method is in anthropological measuring process In consider the relationship of organization of human body and apparel construction: using side line as boundary, human body is divided into forward and backward two parts, measures number Value respectively corresponds the forward and backward chip architecture line of clothes.
The present invention defines human body feature point and foundation characteristic line first comprising: abdomen salient point, stern salient point, crotch bottom point and under Side middle line etc..Wherein, abdomen salient point: in human body lateral plan, the outermost raised points of abdomen;Stern salient point: human body lateral plan In, the outermost raised points of buttocks;Crotch bottom point: the middle vertical plane of waistline projection, sagittal plane in the face and human body are done in lateral plan Intersection point;Lower side middle line: it is divided into outside middle line and inside middle line.On side view, the former is midpoint and the calf of waist thickness Enclose the line in thick midpoint (outside);Inside middle line is the line that crotch bottom point and calf enclose thick (inside).
Using the operation of human body three-dimensional scanner cooperation experiment software (such as Imageware), realize to each characteristic portion The measurement of size.Lower body characteristic portion and its measurement method are as follows: for example, determining waist characteristic, can measure waistline (waist most thin portion Position horizontal girth), waistline it is wide (on human body front view, waistline projection distance), preceding waistline (using outside middle line as boundary, waist Enclose the length of first half), rear waistline (using outside middle line as boundary, the length of waistline latter half), thick (the human body side view of preceding waistline In, the projected length of preceding waistline), rear waistline thick (in human body side view, the projected length of rear waistline), waistline it is high (where waistline Plane to ground vertical range).And abdomen feature, crotch feature, buttocks feature, big is measured respectively with similar measurement method Leg Gent sign, knee feature, calf feature, ankle feature, side feature etc..
In order to indicate female's lower body metastomium feature (such as bulging, flat stern, big stern, stick up stern, fall stern, very abdomen, big abdomen fertilizer Fat, the very flat stern of abdomen, the big stern of big abdomen etc.), invention introduces some parameters, carry out the feature at these positions of quantization signifying: by Attacking Midfielder Thick ratio (the R with waist thicknessWaist is thick) indicate waist characteristic, by the ratio (R of preceding abdominal depth and abdominal depthAbdominal depth) indicate abdomen feature, by rump Thick ratio (the R with hip depthHip depth) and (waist height and the high difference of stern)/(waist height and the high difference of crotch) (RStern is high) indicate buttocks feature.It will Characterization parameter of the These parameters as individual features position.The present invention is by multifarious lower body bodily form form according to characteristic index It is divided into different classifications, in this way, when individuation fitted pants generate, it can be according to the feature of a certain characteristic portion of specific human body Index finds the classification belonging to it, and then finds its curve create-rule.
To RWaist is thick、RAbdominal depth、RHip depth、RStern is highBox map analysis is carried out with SPSS software, singular value therein is found out, is rejected. This four ratios are subjected to stepping with 0.1 for shelves difference, statistics falls in the number in each shelves, and the results are shown in Table 2.
2. lower body characteristic portion parameter distribution of table(Unit: people)
According to the actual situation, waist characteristic is divided into one grade by the present invention, and stepping coefficient is 0.5;Abdomen feature is divided into third gear, Stepping coefficient is 0.4,0.5 and 0.6;Hip depth feature is divided into two grades, and stepping coefficient is 0.5,0.6, and the high feature of stern is divided into third gear, point Shelves coefficient is 0.5,0.6 and 0.7.Permutation and combination is carried out to these indexs, then the form of lower body metastomium is classified as 1 × 3 × 2 × 3=18 class.
(2) fitted pants prototype model curve create-rule is studied
Lower body is considered as close-fitting individuation fitted pants by the present invention, and the characteristic point of human body, line are considered as to close-fitting individuation trousers System point, the line of dress, by the relationship between structure lines respectively from height rule, enclosing metric, then direction uses restraint, research characteristic portion Parameters relationship between position and apparel construction line.
Wherein, about the determination of height rule:
The height of lower body characteristic portion will determine that the important features line such as waistline, abdominal circumference, hip circumference is in template longitudinal direction in fitted pants Distribution.For the rule for exploring degree of the enclosing present position of each characteristic portion in lower body, present invention introduces " characteristic portion height systems The concept of number ", the i.e. ratio of characteristic portion height and height.
After height in measurement experiment object where waistline, abdominal circumference, hip circumference, thigh rhizosphere, knee circumference, calculate these highly with The ratio of height is classified after sequence with 0.1 for shelves difference, and statistics falls in the number of each shelves, and the results are shown in Table 3.
3. lower body altitude feature parameter distribution (unit: people) of table
By the table it is found that there is 98% number to concentrate on 0.55~0.64 grade in waist height coefficient;Stomach height coefficient Have 83% number concentrate on 0.45~0.54 grade, 17% number concentrate on 0.55~0.64 grade;Have in hip height coefficient 47% number concentrates on 0.35~0.44 grade, and 51% people concentrates on 0.45~0.54 grade;Have in thigh root height coefficient 67% number concentrate on 0.35~0.44 grade, 26% number concentrate on 0.25~0.34 grade;Have in knee height coefficient 37% number concentrates on 0.15~0.24 grade, and 63% number concentrates on 0.25~0.34 grade.Based on table 3, can lead to first The scatter plot trend of analysis characteristics of human body position height and height is crossed, then each characteristic portion height and height are subjected to correlation point Analysis, show that height locating for the degree of enclosing of characteristics of human body position is linearly significant related to height.
Again, about enclosing the determination of metric then:
Human body girth cross sectional shape difference is mainly shown as the difference of flat degree.The present invention is to each characteristic portion degree of enclosing Sectional combined curve feature is classified, and carries out stepping using thickness/width value.
On experiment content, the present invention encloses and is intended to waistline, abdominal circumference, hip circumference, thigh rhizosphere, knee circumference and calf It closes;It in experimental method, is analyzed first using box figure, removes the singular value of the ratio, search out maximum and minimum value, Classify between the two values by shelves poor 0.05, the shelves deletion by number less than 5 people is not analyzed, classification results such as table 4 It is shown, there is more apparent aggregation phenomenon in each shelves it can be seen from the table, illustrates that the thickness of most of female's bodies is wide than in certain Rule distribution.
Table 4. is by thick wide the case where comparing respectively degree of enclosing position stepping
Each feature of human body can be obtained by analyzing the generous angle value in characteristics of human body position and enclosing the correlation between angle value based on table 4 Position degree of enclosing (i.e. preceding waistline, rear waistline, preceding abdominal circumference, rear abdominal circumference, front hip circumference, rear hip circumference, thigh rhizosphere, knee circumference and calf enclose) Related coefficient between the width in its section, thickness is all larger.
Finally, with regard to the determination of crotch curved line rule:
It is simulated using sagittal plane in human body and 3D B-spline, obtains human lumbar-crotch contour curve.In this experiment, by position Crotch is bent wire length in sagittal plane, before the body surface length of abdomen salient point to crotch bottom point is defined as in human body;By stern bump to crotch bottom point Body surface length is defined as seat bending wire length.
On the side view of the contour line, as shown in Figure 1, measurement waist abdomen away from, waist stern away from abdomen crotch away from;Meanwhile before measurement Middle wire length, postmedial line are long, preceding crotch curved line is long, seat curved line is long.
It crosses crotch bottom point and does plane perpendicular to Z axis, can be obtained upper body side line;It is done from crotch bottom point parallel with Z-direction Line segment, the line segment parallel with -Y direction is done from abdomen salient point, two line segment intersections can determine the height and width of preceding crotch;Similarly, It can determine the height and width of rear shelves;By forward and backward crotch high score at five equal parts, bisector, each bisector and forward and backward crotch can be obtained Contour line meet at A respectively1~A5And B1~B5Point, as shown in Figure 1.The crotch curved line shape tool of experimental subjects is found in an experiment There is certain similitude, and crotch is curved and other indexs (such as waist abdomen away from) for being easy to measure have preferable correlation.
Two, upper body characteristics and individuation upper body template create-rule
(1) determination and measurement of chest characteristic point, line
Breastheight point: chest point BP most outstanding, that is, newborn point;Rugen point: the minimum point of breast and upper body junction;Chest It encloses: crossing the level degree of enclosing of breastheight point, indicated with B;Rugen encloses: crossing the level degree of enclosing of Rugen point, is indicated with RB;Side line: upper body The line of demarcation of front and rear part, is indicated with LL, this experiment encloses the perpendicular bisector of thickness as upper body side line using Rugen;First half bust: Using side line as boundary, bust first half is indicated with FHB;First half Rugen encloses: using side line as boundary, Rugen encloses first half, with FHRB is indicated.
Since upper body position characteristic point is more, and determination process is increasingly complex compared with lower body, therefore recitation of steps is as follows:
1, breastheight point and bust section are determined.By software conversion diagram and space coordinate positioning function, breastheight point is determined BP.BP point intercept point cloud is crossed, bust point cloud section is automatically derived;2, determine that Rugen point and Rugen enclose section.Wherein, bust point cloud It is as shown in Figure 2 that section and Rugen point and Rugen enclose section.
(2) chest saves model
1, chest model
Regard female breast (especially wearing the state of corselet) approximation as a cone, newborn bottom radius R and chest herein High H determines the shape of the cone, as shown in Fig. 3 (a).By solid geometry principle it is found that cone can flatten into sector, such as Shown in Fig. 3 (b).
For the relationship of observation organization of human body and template it can be found that breast is located at the front of human body, chest, which saves, is located at template In anter, for apparel modeling principle, chest save enclose the degree of correlation with first half bust and first half Rugen should highest.The present invention will Using first half bust and first half Rugen enclose between relationship generate chest save.
For the relationship between expression breast and chest province, this experiment introduces some parameters to create mathematical model.Wherein, It indicates that bust and Rugen enclose difference with DG, indicates that first half bust and first half Rugen enclose difference with DHG, use αtIndicate that chest saves angle, L is indicated The length that chest saves.This experiment is abstracted as conical model for female's body chest is convex, then has following mathematical relationship:
2, chest saves model
By apparel modeling principle it is found thatAs chest saves model.By experimental analysis, in the model In, αtIt is significant with the correlation of H, R, DG, DHG, H/R, especially DHG.
3, chest saves disaggregated model
Due to αtThe most aobvious with the correlation of DHG, the present invention saves classification to carry out chest based on it --- by DHG Stepping establishes chest and saves disaggregated model:
The value and stepping of DHG are calculated first.It is found by calculating, the distribution of the value is 0~9.It, will if shelves difference is 1 DHG points are nine grades, and statistics meets the number of each shelves condition, and the results are shown in Table 5.
Table 5.DHG stepping and demographics table
Then, analyze each shelves DHG with correlation.Correlation is significant as the result is shown for analysis.
Finally, using the DHG of each shelves as independent variable, using the chest province angle corresponding to it as dependent variable, regression analysis and mistake are carried out Difference, which is examined, carries out regression analysis and error-tested.If it is α that the chest that DHG stepping is established, which saves disaggregated model,Pdhg, the knot of regression analysis Fruit is see table 6.Error-tested uses | αPdhgt|≤3 ° of number and the accounting of total number of persons indicate that value is 84%~87.9% Between.
Table 6. saves disaggregated model by the chest that DHG stepping is established
According to above-mentioned thinking, the model of the characteristic portions at positions such as waist, shoulder, neck, shoulder armpit can be successively obtained, And characteristic portion disaggregated model.
Upper body is divided into five positions such as chest, waist, shoulder, neck and shoulder armpit by the present invention, and position spy is established to it Model is levied, and using the mode of stepping, site model is refined as position disaggregated model, establishes characteristic portion and individuation sample Corresponding relationship between plate curve.
Three, the clothes model based on individuation prototype model is realized
(1) clothes loose measure Study on regularity
In experiment whole design, experiment is divided into the acquisition of loose measure spatiality, the quantificational description of loose measure, the spy of loose measure rule Rope three phases;In technological means, first by the human body before and after scanning dressing, point cloud data is obtained;Then, it is superimposed net body With dressing somatic data, " clothes-human body " section rings of each characteristic portion are obtained;Secondly, selected sampled point, measures section rings Middle clothes between human body at a distance from, i.e., apart from loose measure;Again, it is analyzed, is explored between loose measure and given loose measure by data Rule establishes " giving loose measure-apart from loose measure " model;Finally, the quantity by research between loose measure and template increment Relationship establishes " apart from loose measure-template increment " model, for intermediate bridge, to convert clothes sample for given loose measure apart from loose measure Degree of the enclosing increment of plate completes conversion of the individuation prototype model to individuation clothes model.
1, clothes loose measure is tested
One female student enrollment of this experimental selection as manikin, physical characteristic referring to GB/T1335-2008, Feature size are as follows: height 164cm, bust 84cm, waistline 66cm, hip circumference 90cm.
This experiment is using woman suit as research sample clothing.It is total to have made 7 upper dresses, 4 pairs of trousers, sample clothing loose measure and control unit Position size is shown in Table 7~table 8.These clothes contain the practical all loose measure ranges that fills and may relate to.
Size table is filled under 7. sample clothing of table
Size table is filled on 8. sample clothing of table
Scanned by human body three-dimensional scanner before and after obtaining dressing after somatic data, be successively read net swept-volume data and Scan data is filled, can be obtained the superposition of data of net body and dressing data.Tool is adjusted using the three-dimensional coordinate of software, determines people Position where body characteristics position recycles parallel cut tool and multi-angle view tool, can be obtained each feature of human body " clothes-human body " section rings of section parts, as shown in Figure 4.Based on this, the measurement work apart from loose measure can be carried out.
This experiment is in lower dress portion intercepts hip circumference, thigh rhizosphere, knee circumference section, in upper dress portion intercepts shoulder (mistake Point of shoulder point), bust, waistline, abdominal circumference and hip circumference section.It is only following to fill stern since the measurement of loading and unloading is identical in method For the measurement enclosed, illustrate the measurement process and measurement method apart from loose measure.
Firstly, determining the side line and center line of human body, intersection point is set as coordinate origin O (0,0).Its method is above There is similar procedure, is not repeated herein.
Then, it is determined that the position of intermediate point.As shown in Figure 5 (only by taking left-half as an example), left and right human body width is carried out Trisection obtains Along ent O1、O2;The equal portions that will be close to side carry out two equal parts again, determine Along ent O3.Cross O1、O2、O3It does The vertical line of human body side middle line;The intersection point of each vertical line and human body front wheel profile before in side direction be successively named as A0~A4, B is successively named as toward side direction in rear with the intersection point of human body rear wheel profile0~B3;With the friendship of each fitted pants front wheel profile It puts in front of and is successively named as A to side direction1n~A4n(n=1,2,3,4;The position of first subscript expression intersection point, second Position subscript indicates the number of fitted pants, similarly hereinafter), it is successively named as to side direction in rear with the intersection point of each fitted pants rear wheel profile B1n~B3n(n=1,2,3,4).Since figure spatial location is limited, in Fig. 5, only in A1Location mark goes out whole intersection points and compiles Code.
Finally, measurement is apart from loose measure.This experiment is used with body contour line's gage frame to rely on, according to clothes and human body Relationship, the method for carrying out coordinate translation measures the size of human body and clothes corresponding position respectively, passes through the difference both sought Value is obtained apart from loose measure.During the experiment, left and right two parts of fitted pants have been carried out respectively herein measuring work apart from loose measure Make, by seeking its average value as final experimental result.
2, " given loose measure-is apart from loose measure " model
Obtain under different loose measure states, different parts after loose measure initial data, will inquire into herein apart from loose measure with The relationship of given loose measure value.For this purpose, having carried out correlation analysis first, there are significant correlations for the two as the result is shown.With given Loose measure x is as independent variable, as dependent variable, to carry out simple linear regression analysis, the results are shown in Table 9 apart from loose measure y.
9. fitted pants hip circumference of table " giving loose measure-apart from loose measure " model
Using identical method, can thigh rhizosphere to fitted pants and knee circumference analyzed apart from loose measure.
3, the model " apart from loose measure-template increment "
If the loose measure relationship of clothes and human body in " clothes-human body " section rings is abstracted as two concentric circles, such as Fig. 6 institute Show, model can be established: ΔL=Lc-Lb=DE* α
Wherein, DE is i.e. apart from loose measure Rc-Rb;ΔLIndicate clothes length surface (L in a certain regionc) and human body surface length (Lb) difference;Angle of the α between two measurement points, measurement method (are cut as shown in Figure 7 in figure for 3# fitted pants-human body hip circumference Face figure).The position of sampled point (i.e. intermediate point) is identical as the position of sampled point in Fig. 5.It should be noted that in the model away from The radial distance being substantially from loose measure between clothes and human body surface;It, herein will be radial due to the small space between clothes and human body Distance value with apart from loose measure do approximately equal processing.
Template increment corresponding to each position can be calculated by the model.In the following, selecting 3# fitted pants as reference Object illustrates by the process of " apart from loose measure-template increment ".
As shown in table 10, the given loose measure of 3# fitted pants is x=10cm, which is substituted into the regression formula in table, can be obtained It obtains apart from loose measure y;" apart from loose measure-template increment " model will be substituted into apart from loose measure and measured angle again, can be obtained every The value, Δ of the template increment of a sampling sitesL
Each position template increment (x=10cm) of 10. hip circumference of table
4, the method that individuation prototype model is converted to clothes model
The present invention illustrates the process so that fitted pants prototype model is converted into individuation fitted pants template process as an example.
Individuation fitted pants prototype model, cartographic data are as follows: trousers length 98cm, waistline 68cm, hip circumference 90cm, foot are drawn first Mouth 20cm, is made shown in effect such as Fig. 8 (a), which has the loose measure (setting value) of 2cm in waistline position, in hip circumference position No any loose measure is set, knee circumference and foot mouth containing have the loose measure of 4cm.The template can be understood as the configuration of surface expansion of close-fitting fitted pants Figure.
Then, the loose measure at hip circumference of the fitted pants is set as 10cm, and to test in sample clothing 3# fitted pants as referring to right As.According to the corresponding relationship of human body and apparel construction, referring to the determination method of sampled point in Fig. 5, in the hip circumference of the prototype model The position of sampled point is found on line;By the regression formula in table 9, can obtain at hip circumference apart from loose measure value, then by these Value substitutes into the regression formula in table 10, can be obtained the template increment Delta at sampled pointL.Finally, by obtained by this experimental calculation Increment value ΔLIt is added to the position of corresponding sampled point, can be obtained the fitted pants hip circumference size for meeting body characteristics under the model.It needs It is noted that need to consider flexibly to consider the increased side of increment with template balance to consider foundation during being incrementally added To.
Using same method, thigh rhizosphere can be calculated, at knee circumference since clothes sample caused by loose measure is added Plate increment, detailed process are omitted.Curve state is finally adjusted, can be obtained and meeting with loose measure test model's lower body figure Fitted pants clothes model.In conclusion individuation prototype may be implemented by " giving loose measure-apart from loose measure-template increment " model Conversion of the template to individuation clothes model, to realize experiment purpose.
It is second embodiment of the invention, this embodiment offers a kind of human body three-dimensional scanners referring to Fig. 9~11.By Fig. 1 is it is found that the human body three-dimensional scanner includes motor unit 100, base assembly 200 and information acquisition unit 300.Wherein, Motor unit 100 controls the position of its vertical height, simultaneously for driving information acquisition unit 300 to carry out vertical lifting movement Human body is driven to carry out 360 ° of horizontal rotation, with the three-dimensional information of comprehensive acquisition human body;Base assembly 200 is used for support top Overall structure;Information acquisition unit 300 is the camera for acquiring human body information.
Further, motor unit 100 includes lifting assembly 101, the first Power Component 102 and first support component 103, Lifting assembly 101 passes through first support component 103, and the end of the first lifting assembly 101 is connected with the first Power Component 102. Specifically, lifting assembly 101 includes driving member 101a and guide part 101b, both it is vertically arranged, and parallel to each other, wherein Driving member 101a can select screw rod, and guide part 101b can select guide rod.In the present invention, it is examined for overall stability Consider, guide part 101b can be set two, be symmetrically distributed in the two sides of driving member 101a, and three is arranged in parallel.
The upper and lower ends of guide part 101b are also respectively fixed with upper limit part 101c and lower limit part 101d, and the two is mutual The horizontal plate structure of parallel setting limits height for the up and down motion to first support component 103.Wherein, first is dynamic Power component 102 is fixed on the lower end of lower limit part 101d, and power output end passes through lower limit part 101d, and and driving member upward The lower end of 101a is docked, and is formed and is fixed, and the upper end of driving member 101a is then connected with upper limit part 101c, forms thrust side Formula enables driving member 101a to be rotated under the drive of the first Power Component 102.Here the first Power Component 102 Stepper motor can be used, is able to carry out and rotates and reverse, rotational courses can be realized by electric control system.
Further, first support component 103 including fixing piece 103a and is respectively arranged at the outer of the two sides fixing piece 103a Edge part 103b.Wherein, fixing piece 103a is box-like hollow structure, and guide part 101b is (described here across fixing piece 103a " passing through " is clearance fit) so that first support component 103 is whole to be moved up and down vertically along guide part 101b, this In " vertical move up and down " realized by the cooperation of driving member 101a and fixing piece 103a: driving member 101a passes through fixing piece 103a main body, and the lateral surface of driving member 101a has external screw thread, and be provided on fixing piece 103a and be matched with driving member 101a Screw hole, have on the inner sidewall of screw hole and be matched with externally threaded internal screw thread driving member 101a on so that driving member 101a with consolidate Determine part 103a to be driven.When starting the first Power Component 102, driving member 101a is rotated with, and fixing piece 103a is due to screw thread Transmission, guide part 101b is vertically directed in addition, so that the whole straight line being able to carry out above and below vertical of first support component 103 Movement.
The two sides of fixing piece 103a are provided with outer rim part 103b, for installing and fix information acquiring unit 300, i.e. information Acquiring unit 300 is fixed on the outer edge of outer rim part 103b of first support component 103.
Further, upper limit part 101c and lower limit part 101d are both secured on connecting plate 101e, wherein connecting plate 101e is a plate structure, is vertically arranged, and is located at the inside of lifting assembly 101, i.e., lifting assembly 101 is entirely through upper limit Part 101c and lower limit part 101d are fixed on connecting plate 101e.It is to be noted that base is fixed in the lower end of connecting plate 101e On holder assembly 200, realize that motor unit 100 is connected with the mechanism between base assembly 200.
In the present invention, base assembly 200 is located at the bottom of device entirety comprising the first support of orthogonal setting Part 201 and the second supporting element 202, the first supporting element 201 and the second supporting element 202 are respectively vertical, horizontal setting, and fastened to each other Connect the base support component of (being bolted).Wherein, the generally hollow box-like structure of the first supporting element 201, Inside can accommodate object.Wherein one end of first supporting element 201 is bolted with connecting plate 101e, and is blocked by it, The other end is bolted with the second supporting element 202, and is blocked by it.In addition, the upper end of the first supporting element 201 is fixed with outside Part 203 is enclosed, for covering the upper end opening of the first supporting element 201, is also used to draw a circle to approve the spatial dimension of human body standing.
Further, the power output end of the first Power Component 102 is fixed upward and with the lower end of driving member 101a, It is able to drive to be rotated.Driving member 101a also passes through transmission component 104 and is attached with reduction assemblies 105, is formed and is passed It is dynamic --- driving member 101a delivers torque to transmission component 104, and torque is transferred to reduction assemblies by transmission component 104 again 105, reduction assemblies 105 here can use worm-gear speed reducer, with mutually perpendicular input shaft 105a and output Axis 105b, input shaft 105a are speed end, after the deceleration of worm and gear, so that output shaft 105b is low speed end.
Specifically, transmission component 104 includes the first matching piece 104a, the second matching piece 104b and transmission main shaft 104c, In the first matching piece 104a and the second matching piece 104b be orthogonal cooperation bevel gear, the connection of the two is capable of forming vertical Histogram to transmission.First matching piece 104a is fixed on driving member 101a (bottom end of driving member 101a), the second matching piece 104b is fixed on wherein one end of transmission main shaft 104c.Matched by the second matching piece 104b with first one end of transmission main shaft 104c Component 104a works in coordination, and the input shaft 105a of the other end and reduction assemblies 105 is attached, the output shaft of reduction assemblies 105 105b straight up and is fixed with rotary components 106.Rotary components 106 herein are the scanning standpoint of user, can be set It is set to discoid.Preferably, brake 107 can also be connected on transmission main shaft 104c, it to be used for the rotation of transmission main shaft 104c Turn to slow down or brake, to control the process of scanning motion.
Transmission main shaft 104c and reduction assemblies 105 among the above is all set in the inside of base assembly 200, deceleration therein Component 105 is fixed on the inner sidewall of the first supporting element 201, and output shaft 105b is pierced by peripheral element 203 straight up, and and its The rotary components 106 on upper layer are fixed, and transmit torque.
From the above: by the rotation of the first Power Component 102, lifting assembly 101 can be driven to carry out up and down simultaneously Linear motion drives rotary components 106 to be rotated horizontally.
Referring to Fig.1 2~15, it is second embodiment of the invention, which is different from upper one embodiment: rotation The lower end surface for turning component 106 is additionally provided with platform compensation unit 400, and platform compensation unit 400 is used for: rotary components 106 into When row rotation, platform compensation unit 400 enables to rotary components 106 in the case where not shutting down, and adjusts in real time Its equilibrium state, and then real-time compensation is carried out to the dip deviation that human body is stood, to obtain every accurate data of human body information.
Platform compensation unit 400 includes connection component 401, the second Power Component 402 and second support component 403.Wherein, Second support component 403 is for fixing and installing the second Power Component 402;Second Power Component 402 is for providing compensation campaign Power;Connection component 401 is for connecting the second Power Component 402 and rotary components 106, and by the second Power Component 402 Output power passes to rotary components 106, so that the compensating property of heeling condition to rotary components 106 is adjusted.Second power The lower end of component 402 is fixed on the lower end surface of peripheral element 203 by second support component 403, and the second Power Component 402 is upper End is connected by connection component 401 with the lower end surface of rotary components 106.The second Power Component 402 in the present invention is vertical Setting can be able to carry out the component of linear expansion movement using servo electric cylinders etc. to realize, and the second Power Component 402 Telescopic end is upward.
Further, connection component 401 includes the first matching piece 401a and the second matching piece 401b, the first matching piece 401a Upper end be embedded in the second matching piece 401b in, lower end encases the upper end of the second Power Component 402, and makes the first matching piece 401a can carry out the activity of all directions in the end point of the second Power Component 402.Wherein, the second matching piece 401b and rotation Component 106 is connected.
Further, the first matching piece 401a includes first connecting portion 401a-1 and holder 401a-2, the second power packages The upper end of part 402 is fixed with sphere 402a.The inside of holder 401a-2 has the hollow space M for being matched with sphere 402a, And hollow space M encases sphere 402a in a manner of clearance fit, and sphere 402a is freely lived in hollow space M It is dynamic.First connecting portion 401a-1 is located at the upper end of holder 401a-2, and its ring for being greater than holder 401a-2 for flange outside diameter Shape structure, the connection for the first matching piece 401a and the second matching piece 401b.
Second matching piece 401b includes the sliding part 401b-1 of the upper surface and second connecting portion 401b-2 of lower end surface, Second connecting portion 401b-2 is matched with the structure of first connecting portion 401a-1, and first connecting portion is encased in a manner of clearance fit The outer rim of 401a-1 enables the first matching piece 401a and the second matching piece 401b that opposite horizontal rotation occurs.Rotation group The lower end surface of part 106 is provided with the annular groove 106a for being matched with sliding part 401b-1, sliding part 401b-1 therein be embedded in Sliding block in annular groove 106a.It is in the present invention that can be set two groups convenient for the relatively stable of the second matching piece 401b Sliding part 401b-1, and the lower end surface of rotary components 106 is also correspondingly provided with inside and outside two annular groove 106a.
Further, platform compensation unit 400 is provided at least three groups, and is uniformly distributed in 106 lower layer of rotary components On one circumference.When needing to adjust rotary components 106, start one of those (or two, three) second Power Component 402, so that it is extended or is shortened.When not considering the horizontally rotating of rotary components 106, since the second matching piece 401b passes through Sliding part 401b-1 is fixed on the downside of rotary components 106, thus its be able to maintain relative to rotary components 106 it is fixed, And relative to the second matching piece 401b space displacement (the first matching piece 401a and rotation in addition can not occur for the first matching piece 401a Turn to connect by the way of being similar to " flexural pivot " between component 106), therefore the second Power Component 402 can pass through its length Control is to raise or reduce the height of rotary components 106 herein, the final gradient for controlling rotary components 106.It needs to infuse herein Meaning: when starting one or two second Power Components 402, can be used for the horizontal slope of accurate adjustment rotary components 106, It, can be with the vertical height of accurate adjustment rotary components 106 (relative to motor unit when starting three the second Power Components 402 simultaneously 100 coarse adjustment).
If when considering the horizontally rotating of rotary components 106, being matched with since the upper end on the second matching piece 401b has The sliding part 401b-1 of annular groove 106a, therefore when starting the second Power Component 402, connection component 401 can either be to rotation Turn component 106 and generate support, and rotary components 106 can also be rotated horizontally relative to connection component 401.By it is above-mentioned can Know, the present invention can still adjust the level of rotary components 106 under the premise of not influencing rotary components 106 and horizontally rotating The gradient and its vertical height.
Referring to Fig.1 6~22, it is third embodiment of the invention, the embodiment is different from upper one embodiment: institute State the structure that human body three-dimensional scanner is detachable assembling.Wherein:
Motor unit 100 is integrated, and is attached (connecting plate by the lower end and base assembly 200 of connecting plate 101e The lower end of 101e and one end of the first supporting element 201 are bolted);
The other end of first supporting element 201 is bolted with the second supporting element 202;
The top of first supporting element 201 and the horizontal panel of peripheral element 203 are bolted.
The external cord S of each electrical equipment (including first Power Component 102 etc.) in the present invention is uniformly layed in The inside of first supporting element 201, the present invention in the first supporting element 201 be hollow box body structure.
Since human body three-dimensional scanner is large scale equipment, it is not easy to move and carries, therefore the present invention scans human body three-dimensional Instrument is designed as the structure of detachable assembling, present invention design: the external cord S of all electrical equipments being divided for two-part, two Segmentation can follow each functional unit while dismantle, assemble.
The electric wire S of the two-part is connected by wiring mechanism J comprising lid seaming element 500 and to connected components 600.Its In lid seaming element 500 have the identical two halves of structure, for sandwiching and connecting two ends to the S that connects wires;And docking group Part 600 for connecting, lock lid seaming element 500, and to the electric wire S penetrated lid seaming element 500 inside formed extruding with it is closely knit.This Lid seaming element 500 in invention can divide into the first monomer 501 and second comonomer 502, and the two structure is identical, mutually face spelling It connects, and by the way that connected components 600 are fixed, first carries out the detailed description of structure for the first monomer 501 herein.
First monomer 501 includes the first accommodating member 501a and the first pressing piece 501b.First accommodating member 501a main body are as follows: pipe Shape body is along the resulting wherein half structure of axial cutting comprising the external intracorporal accommodating space of shell and shell;And first Pressing piece 501b is for the directly flexible block structure for squeezing electric wire S connector.It is provided with and is matched on first accommodating member 501a The jack 501a-1 of first pressing piece 501b, the first pressing piece 501b is inserted into jack 501a-1, and extends to the first accommodating member 501a Inside, and the first pressing piece 501b can carry out telescopic slide back and forth in jack 501a-1, be squeezed with realizing to electric wire S Pressure, relaxation.
(limited block 501c is fixed on the first accommodating member to a pair of of limited block 501c that is internally provided with of first accommodating member 501a On the inner sidewall of 501a), and on spatial position, limited block 501c is located at the both ends (symmetrical) of the first pressing piece 501b. It is to be noted that the first protrusion 501c-1 is all had on one side of the limited block 501c relative to the first pressing piece 501b, and There is the first sliding groove 501b-1 for being matched with the first protrusion 501c-1, the first protrusion in the both ends of the surface of first pressing piece 501b 501c-1 is embedded in first sliding groove 501b-1, and the direction of first sliding groove 501b-1 is consistent with the direction of jack 501a-1, therefore, First pressing piece 501b can carry out linear expansion sliding along the direction of first sliding groove 501b-1.
In the present invention, the both ends of the first monomer 501 are inserted into electric wire S, and enter the inside of the first accommodating member 501a, And first the end of accommodating member 501a have and be matched with the first of electric wire S and wear a mouthful 501a-2, it is clear that, due to the first monomer 501 be a half structure of lid seaming element 500, therefore first to wear mouthful 501a-2 be the semicircle orifice for being matched with electric wire S cross-sectional outer diameter.From It is overlapping that the end electric wire S that the both ends of first accommodating member 501a penetrate forms part, and the first pressing piece 501b can be in docking group Pressing is formed to the electric wire S of overlapping part under the extruding of part 600.Preferably, the inside edge of the first pressing piece 501b is set as The scissor-shaped bifurcation structure of dense distribution: each scissor-shaped bifurcation structure be flake, and array have it is multiple.This bifurcation structure Intermediate angle can form electric wire S and press.Preferably, the first pressing piece 501b can using rubber or other have both flexibility With the insulating materials of toughness, the density squeezed electric wire S connector both can guarantee, it will not the pressing of breakage electric wire S and first Part 501b itself, and it is non-conductive, safe and reliable.
Further, the first monomer 501 further includes sealing element 501d, for guaranteeing to penetrate the electric wire of the first accommodating member 501a The sealing function of waterproof, dust-separation is formed between the surface layer S and the external port of the first accommodating member 501a.Sealing element 501d includes and first The both ends pressing piece 501b, which mutually squeeze the pushing block 501d-1 of contact, are set to first wears sealing 501d- on the inside of mouthful 501a-2 3, and the driving section 501d-2 of connection pushing block 501d-1 and sealing 501d-3.Wherein, pushing block 501d-1 be being capable of edge Longitudinal blocks for carrying out linear slide of the first accommodating member 501a, and the both ends of the first pressing piece 501b have to correspond to and push away Motion block 501d-1 to interface 501b-2, herein to interface 501b-2 be the first outer end pressing piece 501b a notch knot Structure, the bottom surface to interface 501b-2 is slope surface, and this slope surface to be greater than internal orifice width to the collar extension width of interface 501b-2.Cause This is when the outer end of pushing block 501d-1 is embedded in in interface 501b-2, if setting original state are as follows: pushing block 501d-1's is outer Hold the internal orifice resisted to interface 501b-2 can to the top surface of interface 501b-2 then as upward first pressing piece 501b The end of pushing block 501d-1 is formed and is squeezed, so that pushing block 501d-1 carries out linear slide outward.
The realization of above-mentioned " pushing block 501d-1 carries out linear slide outward " also needs to include with flowering structure: limited block 501c It is upper to be inserted into second sliding slot 501c-2 with the second sliding slot 501c-2 for being matched with pushing block 501d-1, pushing block 501d-1, and Linear slide can be being carried out by pressure to interface 501b-2 slope surface.
In the present invention, holding tank 501a-3, holding tank 501a- are provided at the both ends inside the first accommodating member 501a 3 is wear the accommodating space on the inside of mouthful 501a-2 positioned at first, and closure also can be set in inner termination.Holding tank 501a-3 and first It wears mouthful 501a-2 face and forms connection, and in sealing 501d-3 insertion holding tank 501a-3.Sealing in the present invention 501d-3 can be a half structure of bellows, be able to carry out telescopic.Sealing 501d-3 and pushing block 501d-1 it Between be provided with for transmitting linear motion driving section 501d-2 (driving section 501d-2 is an intermediate transition blocks knot Structure), therefore when the first pressing piece 501b makes pushing block 501d-1 carry out linear slide outward, pushing block 501d-1 passes through biography Dynamic portion 501d-2 squeezes sealing 501d-3, compresses it, transversal surface expansion, increases it with holding tank 501a-3 and penetrates The footprint pressure of electric wire S also improves closely knit performance.
It is to be noted that electric wire S, which can sequentially pass through first, wears mouthful 501a-2 and sealing 501d-3, and it is inserted into first The inside of accommodating member 501a, sealing 501d-3 are coated on the periphery of electric wire S.
It can be seen from the above, in the present invention, second comonomer 502 is identical as 501 structure of the first monomer, and mutually face splicing (being opposite to each other lid at the shell nozzle of the two to close, form closing).Specifically, second comonomer 502 includes corresponding to the first accommodating The end of the second accommodating member 502a, the second accommodating member 502a of part 501a, which has, to be corresponded to first and wears the second of mouthful 501a-2 and wear mouth 502a-1, and when the first monomer 501 and the splicing of 502 face of second comonomer, first, which wears mouthful 501a-2 and second, wears a mouthful 502a-1 The threading opening K-1 for being matched with electric wire S can be collectively formed.In addition, second comonomer 502 further includes corresponding to the first pressing piece 501b The second pressing piece 502b, the second pressing piece 502b be inserted into the inside of the second accommodating member 502a, remaining corresponding part is different One enumerates explanation.
In the first monomer 501 (and second comonomer 502) of the present invention, inside the first accommodating member 501a first The functional areas that pressing piece 501b, limited block 501c and sealing element 501d are collectively formed are that can be realized one group of electric wire S of connection to connect " connection unit " of head.Preferably, multiple " connect can be set side by side with simultaneously in the inside of the first accommodating member 501a in the present invention The case where order member " is to be suitable for multiple the end of a thread.It is shown, but is not limited with two groups " connection units " in attached drawing of the invention Protection scope of the present invention.
In the present invention, connected components 600 are sheathed on the periphery of lid seaming element 500, and single to the first monomer 501 and second Combination between body 502 forms locking, and inside squeeze can be formed to the first pressing piece 501b to the inner sidewall of connected components 600 Pressure.
Specifically, including the first end cover 601 and second end for being matched with 500 two-end structure of lid seaming element to connected components 600 Lid 602, and the tension part 603 that first end cover 601 and second end cover 602 are connected, it may be assumed that the first monomer 501 and second comonomer When 502 faces are spliced, first end cover 601 and second end cover 602 can be respectively fitted over the both ends of lid seaming element 500, and first The second threading opening K-2 corresponding to threading opening K-1, electric wire S energy are provided on end cap 601 and the outer end face of second end cover 602 It enough sequentially passes through the second threading opening K-2 and threading opening K-1 enters inside lid seaming element 500, be finally pressed closely knit.
The structure of 602 the two of first end cover 601 and second end cover is equal are as follows: one end is open end, does not have structure closing;Separately One end is to block end, there is penetrated with the second threading opening K-2 thereon.But the two the difference is that: the open end of first end cover 601 Lateral wall on there is external screw thread 601a, there is a circle first to limit ring 602a for the open end of second end cover 602.First limits ring The inner ring diameter of 602a is identical as the open end of second end cover 602, and race diameter is greater than the open end of second end cover 602.
Specifically, one end of tension part 603 has be matched with the first restriction ring 602a second to limit ring 603a, the second limit The internal diameter for determining ring 603a is less than the internal diameter of tension part 603 and the outer diameter of the first restriction ring 602a, and the internal diameter of tension part 603 omits The outer diameter of ring 602a is limited more than or equal to first.To sum up, after when 603 sets of tension part in second end cover 602, second limits ring 603a can limit ring 602a generation traction to first, and (i.e. tension part 603 limits ring 603a and first by second and limits ring Limit between 602a can be attached with second end cover 602).
In addition, having the internal screw thread 603b for being matched with external screw thread 601a on the inner sidewall of the other end of tension part 603, and lead to The cooperation for crossing the two is attached with first end cover 601.Therefore, after one end of tension part 603 is connect with second end cover 602, As long as the other end is rotated by the cooperation of screw thread, first end cover 601 and second end cover 602 can be tensed simultaneously, shorten two Spacing between person.It is to be noted that the both ends of the lid seaming element 500 in the present invention are thinner, intermediate thicker, cross section is certainly End becomes larger to centre, simultaneously as first end cover 601 and second end cover 602 are respectively cooperating with two in lid seaming element 500 End structure is also the structure of variable cross-section, therefore, when being tightened up between first end cover 601 and second end cover 602, first end cover 601 can carry out inside extruding to the first pressing piece 501b and the second pressing piece 502b with the inner sidewall of second end cover 602, most Dense extrusion effect is generated to the connection of electric wire S eventually.
The present invention is by taking the first Power Component 102 as an example: the first Power Component 102 is connected with the first electric wire S-1, base assembly The second electric wire S-2, the company of the connecting pin of the first electric wire S-1 and the second electric wire S-2 are also equipped in 200 the first supporting element 201 It connects end to be inserted into respectively in the threading opening at the both ends wiring mechanism J, is attached, is fixed by wiring mechanism J.
Therefore its first electric wire S-1 can be passed through wiring mechanism J and the second electric wire by the other electrical equipments of the present invention S-2 is attached, and passes through the second electric wire S-2 external power supply.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of template generation method based on 3-D scanning, it is characterised in that: including,
It is scanned by human body three-dimensional scanner and obtains 3D anthropometric scanning data, and be directed to the 3D anthropometric scanning data, it is fixed Adopted characteristics of human body position and its measurement method carry out human somatotype feature description, while by the particularity of individuation template It is decomposed into the particularity of template structure lines, obtains typical curve form;
The model for establishing the characteristic portion, to express in the form of the characteristics of human body position between the typical curve form Relationship;
The characteristic portion model is finely divided, characteristic portion disaggregated model is established, the characteristics of human body position is divided Shelves processing, to express the relationship in the form of characteristics of human body position Morphological Diversity and individuation typical curve between finiteness, And obtain the dress model template of not loose measure;
By making the prototype model be converted into clothes model apart from loose measure;
The human body three-dimensional scanner includes motor unit (100), the motor unit (100) include lifting assembly (101), First Power Component (102) and first support component (103), the lifting assembly (101) pass through the first support component (103), and the end of first lifting assembly (101) is connected with the first Power Component (102);The lifting assembly (101) It including driving member (101a) and guide part (101b), is both vertically arranged, and parallel to each other, first Power Component (102) power output end is fixed upward and with the lower end of the driving member (101a), and the driving member (101a) is also logical It crosses transmission component (104) to be attached with reduction assemblies (105), forms transmission;The transmission component (104) includes the first cooperation Part (104a), the second matching piece (104b) and transmission main shaft (104c), first matching piece (104a) are fixed on the transmission On part (101a), second matching piece (104b) is fixed on wherein one end of the transmission main shaft (104c);The transmission master One end of axis (104c) is worked in coordination with first matching piece (104a) by second matching piece (104b) and is connect, another It holds and is attached with the input shaft (105a) of the reduction assemblies (105), the output shaft (105b) of the reduction assemblies (105) is perpendicular It is straight upwards and to be fixed with rotary components (106);Information acquisition unit (300) are fixed on the first support component (103);With And
Base assembly (200), the transmission main shaft (104c) and the reduction assemblies (105) are set to the base assembly (200) inside.
2. the template generation method based on 3-D scanning as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: be directed to the three-dimensional Human body is divided into the physical characteristic description for carrying out the lower body and upper body after lower body and upper body respectively by body scanning data;
Determination, characteristic portion measurement, lower body somatotype, data analysis and the subdivision part of characteristic portion are carried out to the lower body Feature, with the relationship between the characteristic portion and corresponding typical curve of the determination lower body;
The upper body is divided into chest, waist, shoulder, neck, shoulder armpit, and the chest to the upper body, waist, shoulder, neck Portion, shoulder armpit characteristic portion be determined and measure, with each characteristic portion of the determination upper body and corresponding typical curve Between relationship.
3. the template generation method based on 3-D scanning as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described to pass through distance Loose measure makes the prototype model be converted into clothes model, are as follows:
Rule is showed by the space of clothes loose measure, establishes " giving loose measure-apart from loose measure " model, " given loose measure-distance Loose measure " model has carried out quantificational description in the space distribution rule of each characteristic portion with regard to given loose measure;" distance pine is established simultaneously Characteristic portion can be converted to sample apart from loose measure by amount-template increment " model, " apart from the loose measure-template increment " model Increment at plate features structure lines;
" giving loose measure-apart from loose measure " described in simultaneous, model can be generated with " apart from the loose measure-template increment " model and " give Loose measure-is apart from loose measure-template increment " model, " give loose measure-apart from the loose measure-template increment " model can describe to give Loose measure, the numerical relation apart from loose measure and template characteristic portion increment, can fast implement conversion of the prototype model to clothes model.
4. the template generation method based on 3-D scanning as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: the guide part The upper and lower ends of (101b) are respectively fixed with upper limit part (101c) and lower limit part (101d), first Power Component (102) it is fixed on the lower end of the lower limit part (101d), power output end passes through the lower limit part (101d) upward, and It is docked with the lower end of the driving member (101a), the upper end of the driving member (101a) is connected with the upper limit part (101c) It connects.
5. the template generation method based on 3-D scanning as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: the first support Component (103) includes fixing piece (103a) and the outer rim part (103b) for being respectively arranged at the two sides the fixing piece (103a), described Guide part (101b) passes through the fixing piece (103a), so that the first support component (103) can be along the guide part (101b) is moved up and down vertically;
Information acquisition unit (300) are fixed on the outer rim part (103b).
6. the template generation method based on 3-D scanning as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: the driving member (101a) passes through the fixing piece (103a), and the lateral surface of the driving member (101a) has external screw thread;
It is provided with the screw hole for being matched with the driving member (101a) on the fixing piece (103a), is had on the inner sidewall of the screw hole It is matched with the externally threaded internal screw thread.
7. the template generation method based on 3-D scanning as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that: the upper limit part (101c) and lower limit part (101d) are both secured on connecting plate (101e), and the lower end of the connecting plate (101e) is fixed on described On base assembly (200).
8. the template generation method based on 3-D scanning as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that: first power Component (102) is connected with the first electric wire (S-1), is also equipped with the second electric wire (S-2) in the base assembly (200), and described the One electric wire (S-1) is attached by wiring mechanism with second electric wire (S-2), and outside by second electric wire (S-2) Connect power supply.
9. the template generation method based on 3-D scanning as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that: the wiring mechanism Including,
Lid seaming element (500) divides into the first monomer (501) and second comonomer (502), and the two structure is identical, mutually faces spelling It connects, and by the way that connected components (600) are fixed;First monomer (501) includes that the first accommodating member (501a) and first is pressed Casting die (501b) is provided with the jack (501a- for being matched with first pressing piece (501b) on first accommodating member (501a) 1), first pressing piece (501b) is inserted into the jack (501a-1), and extends to the inside of first accommodating member (501a); And
To connected components (600), it is sheathed on the periphery of the lid seaming element (500), and single to first monomer (501) and second Combination between body (502) forms locking, and it is described can be to first pressing piece to the inner sidewall of connected components (600) (501b) forms inside extruding.
10. the template generation method based on 3-D scanning as claimed in claim 9, it is characterised in that: described first holds Being internally provided with a pair of of limited block (501c) for part (501a) is set, the limited block (501c) is located at first pressing piece The both ends of (501b);
The limited block (501c) relative to having first raised (501c-1) on the one side of first pressing piece (501b), There is the first sliding groove (501b- for being matched with described first raised (501c-1) in the both ends of the surface of first pressing piece (501b) 1), described first raised (501c-1) is embedded in the first sliding groove (501b-1), and the side of the first sliding groove (501b-1) To consistent with the direction of the jack (501a-1);
The both ends of first monomer (501) are inserted into electric wire (S), and enter the inside of first accommodating member (501a), And the end of first accommodating member (501a) has and is matched with the first of the electric wire (S) and wears mouth (501a-2);
The electric wire (S) penetrated from the both ends of first accommodating member (501a), which is formed, to be overlapped, and first pressing piece (501b) Can it is described to the extruding of connected components (600) under pressing is formed to the electric wire (S) of overlapping part;
First monomer (501) further includes sealing element (501d), and the sealing element (501d) includes and first pressing piece The both ends (501b), which mutually squeeze the pushing block (501d-1) of contact, are set to described first wears sealing on the inside of mouth (501a-2) (501d-3), and the driving section (501d-2) of the connection pushing block (501d-1) and sealing (501d-3);
The both ends of first pressing piece (501b) have to interface (501b-2), and the bottom surface to interface (501b-2) is slope Face, so that the collar extension width to interface (501b-2) is greater than internal orifice width, the outer end of the pushing block (501d-1) is embedded in It is described interior to interface (501b-2);
There is the second sliding slot (501c-2) for being matched with the pushing block (501d-1), the promotion on the limited block (501c) Block (501d-1) is inserted into the second sliding slot (501c-2), and can it is described to interface (501b-2) slope surface by depress into Row linear slide;
First accommodating member (501a) is provided with holding tank (501a-3) at internal both ends, the holding tank (501a-3) The inside for wearing mouth (501a-2) positioned at described first, and with its face, be connected to, the sealing (501d-3) is embedded in the receiving In slot (501a-3);
The electric wire (S) can sequentially pass through described first and wear mouth (501a-2) and sealing (501d-3), and be inserted into described The inside of one accommodating member (501a), the sealing (501d-3) are coated on the periphery of the electric wire (S).
CN201810704200.3A 2018-06-30 2018-06-30 A kind of template generation method based on 3-D scanning Pending CN109043716A (en)

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