CN109042225A - The cheap production method of the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass and its preparation cost of a kind of convenient transportation - Google Patents

The cheap production method of the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass and its preparation cost of a kind of convenient transportation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109042225A
CN109042225A CN201811136367.0A CN201811136367A CN109042225A CN 109042225 A CN109042225 A CN 109042225A CN 201811136367 A CN201811136367 A CN 201811136367A CN 109042225 A CN109042225 A CN 109042225A
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sawdust
bacterium
rice husk
earth
convenient transportation
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CN201811136367.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李京
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Wuhan Chinesesky Landscape Art Co Ltd
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Wuhan Chinesesky Landscape Art Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811136367.0A priority Critical patent/CN109042225A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/23Wood, e.g. wood chips or sawdust

Abstract

The present invention relates to cultivation technique without soil fields, and a kind of non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation is disclosed, the raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice husk 10-20%, sawdust 10-20%, mushroom slag 5-15%, peanut shell 5-15%, chicken manure 10-15%, EM bacterium 2-4% and pig manure 8-11% etc..The cheap production method of the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass and its preparation cost of the convenient transportation, pass through rice husk 10-20%, sawdust 10-20%, mushroom slag 5-15%, peanut shell 5-15%, chicken manure 10-15%, the processing mixing of the materials such as EM bacterium 2-4% and pig manure 8-11%, the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation obtained, raw material is easy to get, it is low in cost, we are turned waste into wealth rice husk by way of fermentation, cultivation matrix is full of nutrition, this matrix is organic substrate, contain a large amount of organic matters, top dressing is not necessarily to during turf grass growth, or it only need to be according to a small amount of top dressing of turf density, light weight, rice husk, sawdust and mushroom slag belong to Light media, this is convenient for the transport without native turf, so, eliminate the worry of user, the use for the person of being convenient to use.

Description

The cheap production of the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass and its preparation cost of a kind of convenient transportation Method
Technical field
The present invention relates to soil matrix preparation technical field, the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of specially a kind of convenient transportation and The cheap production method of its preparation cost.
Background technique
Soilless cultivation refers to that the matrix for making plant root with media such as water, turf, forest leaf mould and vermiculites is fixed and plants Strain, root system of plant can directly contact the cultural method of nutrient solution, and nutrient composition is easily controllable in soilless cultivation, and can adjust at any time Section, in illumination, proper temperature without the place of soil, such as desert, seabeach, desert island, as long as having a certain amount of water supply, just It can carry out, soilless cultivation is divided into water planting, mist (gas) training and substrate culture according to the difference of cultivation medium.
For lawn soilless culture substrate research seldom, and study not deep enough, not formed can develop and use Product, peat, perlite and vermiculite etc. are at present using wide soilless culture substrate, and still, natural peat resource is limited, Non-renewable in a short time, perlite and vermiculite price are relatively high, will increase the cost of sod production, therefore, seek at present often It is imperative with the substitute of soilless culture substrate.
Summary of the invention
(1) the technical issues of solving
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation and its preparations The advantages that low-cost production method, having can make by oneself, low in cost, the soilless culture substrate solved for lawn are ground Study carefully seldom, and research is not deep enough, does not form the product that can be developed and used, peat, perlite and vermiculite etc. are to answer at present With wide soilless culture substrate, still, natural peat resource is limited, non-renewable in a short time, perlite and vermiculite price It is relatively high, the problem of will increase the cost of sod production.
(2) technical solution
It can be made by oneself for realization is above-mentioned, low-cost purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a kind of convenient transportation Non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass, including following parts by weight proportion raw material: rice husk 10-20%, sawdust 10-20%, mushroom slag 5- 15%, peanut shell 5-15%, chicken manure 10-15%, EM bacterium 2-4% and pig manure 8-11% etc..
Preferably, the EM bacterium and brown sugar and water are sealed by fermentation after mixing in 1: 1: 50 ratio, are fermented three to seven days, the phase Between test EM bacterium pH value between 3-4 when from it is spare out.
Preferably, the pig manure 8-11% and chicken manure 10-15% pass through hot fermentation, fermentation time five to seven days.
Preferably, the raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice husk 10%, sawdust 10%, mushroom slag 5%, peanut shell 5%, chicken manure 10%, EM bacterium 2% and pig manure 8% etc..
Preferably, the raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice husk 20%, sawdust 20%, mushroom slag 15%, peanut shell 15%, chicken manure 15%, EM bacterium 4% and pig manure 11% etc..
Preferably, the raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice husk 15%, sawdust 15%, mushroom slag 10%, peanut shell 10%, chicken manure 12.5%, EM bacterium 3% and pig manure 9.5% etc..
A kind of production method that the preparation cost of the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation is cheap, comprising the following steps:
1) rice husk 10-20% and sawdust that water content is 50 percent are separately added into after EM bacterium 2-4% being diluted 5 times In 10-20%, it is then respectively adding suitable urea and enters rice husk 10-20% and sawdust 10- that water content is 50 percent In 20%, to adjust carbon-nitrogen ratio, turning cools down after fermentation heap is warming up to 60 DEG C, then secondary turning after being warming up to 60 DEG C, to When fermentation heap temperature is down to consistent with environment temperature;
2) the rice husk 10-20% got ready, sawdust 10-20% and mushroom slag 5-15% are mixed, is sterilized using carbendazim;
3) mushroom slag 5-15% is exposed to the sun three to five hours, peanut shell 5-15% is smashed using pulverizer, by what is fermented Chicken manure 10-15% and pig manure 8-11% mixing, is added mushroom slag 5-15% and peanut shell 5-15%, obtains mixture 1, will add The rice husk 10-20% of EM bacterium 2-4% and sawdust 10-20% and mixture 1 are mixed evenly, and stack fermentation one to three day;
4) ground grading is taken, plastic cloth is laid with, layer of non-woven fabric is laid on plastic cloth, is laid with a layer thickness on it For three centimetres of the soil matrix prepared, it is bulldozed to get required.
(3) beneficial effect
Compared with prior art, the present invention provides a kind of non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation and its preparation costs Cheap production method has following the utility model has the advantages that the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass and its preparation cost of the convenient transportation are cheap Production method, pass through rice husk 10-20%, sawdust 10-20%, mushroom slag 5-15%, peanut shell 5-15%, chicken manure 10-15%, EM The processing mixing of the materials such as bacterium 2-4% and pig manure 8-11%, the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation obtained, raw material are easy to get, Low in cost, rice husk is the most common agricultural wastes in south China rural area, is usually handled by the way of burning, not only dirty Air is contaminated, certain waste is also resulted in, we are turned waste into wealth by way of fermentation, and full of nutrition, this matrix is to have Machine matrix is not necessarily to top dressing, or only need to be according to a small amount of top dressing of turf density, matter containing a large amount of organic matters during turf grass growth Amount is light, and rice husk, sawdust and mushroom slag belong to Light media, this is convenient for the transport without native turf, in this way, eliminating the tired of user It is angry, the use for the person of being convenient to use.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely retouched It states, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the present invention In embodiment, every other implementation obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts Example, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment one: a kind of non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation, the raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice Shell 10%, sawdust 10%, mushroom slag 5%, peanut shell 5%, chicken manure 10%, EM bacterium 2% and pig manure 8% etc..
EM bacterium and brown sugar and water are sealed by fermentation after mixing in 1: 1: 50 ratio, are fermented three to seven days, are during which tested EM bacterium It is spare out from when pH value is between 3-4.
Pig manure 8% and chicken manure 10% pass through hot fermentation, and fermentation time five to seven days.
Raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice husk 10%, sawdust 10%, mushroom slag 5%, peanut shell 5%, chicken manure 10%, EM bacterium 2% and pig manure 8% etc..
Raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice husk 20%, sawdust 20%, mushroom slag 15%, peanut shell 15%, chicken manure 15%, EM bacterium 4% and pig manure 11% etc..
Raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice husk 15%, sawdust 15%, mushroom slag 10%, peanut shell 10%, chicken manure 12.5%, EM bacterium 3% and pig manure 9.5% etc..
A kind of production method that the preparation cost of the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation is cheap, comprising the following steps:
1) it is separately added into after EM bacterium 2% being diluted 5 times in rice husk 10% and sawdust 10% that water content is 50 percent, It is then respectively adding suitable urea to enter in rice husk 10% and sawdust 10% that water content is 50 percent, to adjust carbon Nitrogen ratio, turning cools down after fermentation heap is warming up to 60 DEG C, then secondary turning after being warming up to 60 DEG C, is down to fermentation heap temperature and ring When border temperature is consistent;
2) rice husk 10% got ready, sawdust 10% and mushroom slag 5% are mixed, is sterilized using carbendazim;
3) mushroom slag 5% is exposed to the sun three to five hours, peanut shell 5% is smashed using pulverizer, the chicken manure that will be fermented 10% and pig manure 8% mix, mushroom slag 5% and peanut shell 5% is added, obtains mixture 1, the rice husk of EM bacterium 2% will be added 10% is mixed evenly with sawdust 10% and mixture 1, stacks fermentation one to three day;
4) ground grading is taken, plastic cloth is laid with, layer of non-woven fabric is laid on plastic cloth, is laid with a layer thickness on it For three centimetres of the soil matrix prepared, it is bulldozed to get required.
Miscellaneous bacteria is not had using rice husk 10%, sawdust 10% and the mushroom slag 5% that carbendazim sterilizes to enter, and will not influence matrix Fertilizer efficiency.
Embodiment two: a kind of non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation, the raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice Shell 15%, sawdust 15%, mushroom slag 10%, peanut shell 10%, chicken manure 12.5%, EM bacterium 3% and pig manure 9.5% etc..
EM bacterium and brown sugar and water are sealed by fermentation after mixing in 1: 1: 50 ratio, are fermented three to seven days, are during which tested EM bacterium It is spare out from when pH value is between 3-4.
Pig manure 9.5% and chicken manure 12.5% pass through hot fermentation, and fermentation time five to seven days.
Raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice husk 10%, sawdust 10%, mushroom slag 5%, peanut shell 5%, chicken manure 10%, EM bacterium 2% and pig manure 8% etc..
Raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice husk 20%, sawdust 20%, mushroom slag 15%, peanut shell 15%, chicken manure 15%, EM bacterium 4% and pig manure 11% etc..
Raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice husk 15%, sawdust 15%, mushroom slag 10%, peanut shell 10%, chicken manure 12.5%, EM bacterium 3% and pig manure 9.5% etc..
A kind of production method that the preparation cost of the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation is cheap, comprising the following steps:
1) it is separately added into after EM bacterium 3% being diluted 5 times in rice husk 15% and sawdust 15% that water content is 50 percent, It is then respectively adding suitable urea to enter in rice husk 15% and sawdust 15% that water content is 50 percent, to adjust carbon Nitrogen ratio, turning cools down after fermentation heap is warming up to 60 DEG C, then secondary turning after being warming up to 60 DEG C, is down to fermentation heap temperature and ring When border temperature is consistent;
2) rice husk 15% got ready, sawdust 15% and mushroom slag 10% are mixed, is sterilized using carbendazim;
3) mushroom slag 10% is exposed to the sun three to five hours, peanut shell 10% is smashed using pulverizer, the chicken manure that will be fermented 12.5% and pig manure 9.5% mix, mushroom slag 10% and peanut shell 10% is added, obtains mixture 1, EM bacterium 3% will be added Rice husk 15% is mixed evenly with sawdust 15% and mixture 1, stacks fermentation one to three day;
4) ground grading is taken, plastic cloth is laid with, layer of non-woven fabric is laid on plastic cloth, is laid with a layer thickness on it For three centimetres of the soil matrix prepared, it is bulldozed to get required.
Mushroom slag 10% is exposed to the sun three to five hours and peanut shell 10% is smashed using pulverizer can remove peanut shell and Worm's ovum in mushroom slag prevents matrix contaminated.
Embodiment three: a kind of non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation, the raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice Shell 20%, sawdust 20%, mushroom slag 15%, peanut shell 15%, chicken manure 15%, EM bacterium 4% and pig manure 11% etc..
EM bacterium and brown sugar and water are sealed by fermentation after mixing in 1: 1: 50 ratio, are fermented three to seven days, are during which tested EM bacterium It is spare out from when pH value is between 3-4.
Pig manure 11% and chicken manure 15% pass through hot fermentation, and fermentation time five to seven days.
Raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice husk 10%, sawdust 10%, mushroom slag 5%, peanut shell 5%, chicken manure 10%, EM bacterium 2% and pig manure 8% etc..
Raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice husk 20%, sawdust 20%, mushroom slag 15%, peanut shell 15%, chicken manure 15%, EM bacterium 4% and pig manure 11% etc..
Raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice husk 15%, sawdust 15%, mushroom slag 10%, peanut shell 10%, chicken manure 12.5%, EM bacterium 3% and pig manure 9.5% etc..
A kind of production method that the preparation cost of the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation is cheap, comprising the following steps:
1) it is separately added into after EM bacterium 4% being diluted 5 times in rice husk 20% and sawdust 20% that water content is 50 percent, It is then respectively adding suitable urea to enter in rice husk 20% and sawdust 20% that water content is 50 percent, to adjust carbon Nitrogen ratio, turning cools down after fermentation heap is warming up to 60 DEG C, then secondary turning after being warming up to 60 DEG C, is down to fermentation heap temperature and ring When border temperature is consistent;
2) rice husk 20% got ready, sawdust 20% and mushroom slag 15% are mixed, is sterilized using carbendazim;
3) mushroom slag 15% is exposed to the sun three to five hours, peanut shell 15% is smashed using pulverizer, the chicken manure that will be fermented 15% and pig manure 11% mix, mushroom slag 15% and peanut shell 15% is added, obtains mixture 1, the rice husk of EM bacterium 4% will be added 20% is mixed evenly with sawdust 20% and mixture 1, stacks fermentation one to three day;
4) ground grading is taken, plastic cloth is laid with, layer of non-woven fabric is laid on plastic cloth, is laid with a layer thickness on it For three centimetres of the soil matrix prepared, it is bulldozed to get required.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the production that the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass and its preparation cost of the convenient transportation are cheap Method passes through rice husk 10-20%, sawdust 10-20%, mushroom slag 5-15%, peanut shell 5-15%, chicken manure 10-15%, EM bacterium 2- The processing mixing of the materials such as 4% and pig manure 8-11%, the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation obtained, raw material are easy to get, cost Cheap, rice husk is the most common agricultural wastes in south China rural area, is usually handled by the way of burning, and not only pollution is empty Gas, also results in certain waste, we are turned waste into wealth by way of fermentation, full of nutrition, this matrix is organic group Matter, containing a large amount of organic matters, during turf grass growth be not necessarily to top dressing, or only need to according to a small amount of top dressing of turf density, light weight, Rice husk, sawdust and mushroom slag belong to Light media, this is convenient for the transport without native turf, in this way, the worry of user is eliminated, it is convenient The use of user.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of variations, modification, replacement can be carried out to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation, which is characterized in that the raw material including following parts by weight proportion: rice Shell 10-20%, sawdust 10-20%, mushroom slag 5-15%, peanut shell 5-15%, chicken manure 10-15%, EM bacterium 2-4% and pig manure 8- 11% etc..
2. a kind of non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the EM bacterium with Brown sugar and water are sealed by fermentation after mixing in 1: 1: 50 ratio, are fermented three to seven days, when during which testing EM bacterium pH value between 3-4 It rises spare out.
3. a kind of non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the pig manure 8- 11% and chicken manure 10-15% pass through hot fermentation, fermentation time five to seven days.
4. a kind of non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that including following heavy Measure the raw material of number proportion: rice husk 10%, sawdust 10%, mushroom slag 5%, peanut shell 5%, chicken manure 10%, EM bacterium 2% and pig manure 8% etc..
5. a kind of non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that including following heavy Measure the raw material of number proportion: rice husk 20%, sawdust 20%, mushroom slag 15%, peanut shell 15%, chicken manure 15%, EM bacterium 4% and pig manure 11% etc..
6. a kind of non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that including following heavy Measure the raw material of number proportion: rice husk 15%, sawdust 15%, mushroom slag 10%, peanut shell 10%, chicken manure 12.5%, EM bacterium 3% and pig Excrement 9.5% etc..
7. a kind of production method that the preparation cost of the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass of convenient transportation is cheap, which is characterized in that including Following steps:
1) rice husk 10-20% and sawdust 10- that water content is 50 percent are separately added into after EM bacterium 2-4% being diluted 5 times In 20%, it is then respectively adding suitable urea and enters rice husk 10-20% and sawdust 10-20% that water content is 50 percent In, to adjust carbon-nitrogen ratio, turning cools down after fermentation heap is warming up to 60 DEG C, then secondary turning after being warming up to 60 DEG C, wait ferment When heap temperature is down to consistent with environment temperature;
2) the rice husk 10-20% got ready, sawdust 10-20% and mushroom slag 5-15% are mixed, is sterilized using carbendazim;
3) mushroom slag 5-15% is exposed to the sun three to five hours, peanut shell 5-15% is smashed using pulverizer, the chicken manure that will be fermented 10-15% and pig manure 8-11% mixing, is added mushroom slag 5-15% and peanut shell 5-15%, obtains mixture 1, will add EM bacterium The rice husk 10-20% of 2-4% and sawdust 10-20% and mixture 1 are mixed evenly, and stack fermentation one to three day;
4) ground grading is taken, plastic cloth is laid with, layer of non-woven fabric is laid on plastic cloth, being laid with a layer thickness on it is three Centimetre the soil matrix prepared, be bulldozed to get required.
CN201811136367.0A 2018-09-28 2018-09-28 The cheap production method of the non-earth greensward cultivation ground mass and its preparation cost of a kind of convenient transportation Pending CN109042225A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103621391A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-03-12 麻城市蔬菜技术推广站 Vegetable plug seedling composite substrate and preparation method thereof
CN103651067A (en) * 2012-08-30 2014-03-26 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 Soilless turf culturing medium and preparing method of soilless turf culturing medium
CN104381109A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-04 湘潭溢绿园蔬菜产销专业合作社 Greenhouse vegetable soil-free cultivation technique
CN107641047A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-01-30 寿光园林建设集团有限公司 A kind of high organic Composite nutrient soil containing garden waste and its application in lawn
CN108552013A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-09-21 青岛农业大学 A kind of preparation method of cultivation matrix and the fermentation determination method of cultivation matrix

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103651067A (en) * 2012-08-30 2014-03-26 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 Soilless turf culturing medium and preparing method of soilless turf culturing medium
CN103621391A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-03-12 麻城市蔬菜技术推广站 Vegetable plug seedling composite substrate and preparation method thereof
CN104381109A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-04 湘潭溢绿园蔬菜产销专业合作社 Greenhouse vegetable soil-free cultivation technique
CN107641047A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-01-30 寿光园林建设集团有限公司 A kind of high organic Composite nutrient soil containing garden waste and its application in lawn
CN108552013A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-09-21 青岛农业大学 A kind of preparation method of cultivation matrix and the fermentation determination method of cultivation matrix

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