Biomass combustion particulate feed material process units and production method
The present invention relates to biomass combustion particles to manufacture processing technique field, and in particular to biomass combustion particulate feed material
Process units and production method.
Biomass includes all plants, microorganism and using plant, microorganism as the useless of the animal of food and its production
Gurry.Representational biomass such as crops, agricultural waste material, timber, timber waste and animal wastes.
Raw material after these biomass are collected in the prior art as fuel processing, traditional biomass combustion granular raw
Material reducing apparatus mostly uses greatly simple vertical runner design, needs artificial moment concern top feed situation, it has not been convenient into
Row flow control.
Summary of the invention
(1) the technical issues of solving
Present invention aims to overcome that the shortcomings of the prior art, and biomass combustion particulate feed material production dress is provided
It sets and production method, the control to top blanking is completed while realizing nog plate work based on transmission.
(2) technical solution
Biomass combustion particulate feed material process units, including feed cavity, grinding chamber and lower hopper, are sequentially communicated up and down；
It is provided with partition in feed cavity, is provided with top plate at the top of feed cavity, top plate one end is provided with material hole, roof center
Be rotatably connected to driven shaft, it is intracavitary and be connected with turntable that charging is protruded into driven shaft bottom end, turntable be located at partition top and close to every
Plate, driven shaft top are provided with driven wheel；Turntable one end is high, and the other end is low, and low one end is provided with through-hole, and partition is correspondingly arranged
There is feed opening；
Grinding assembly is provided in grinding chamber；
Screw component is provided on the right side of grinding chamber, screw component includes driving motor, driving shaft and travelling nut, driving electricity
Machine connects the driving shaft being vertically arranged by shaft coupling, one section is provided on driving shaft toward two-start screw, which is bolted with mobile spiral shell
Mother, driving shaft top are provided with driving wheel, driving wheel and driven wheel and are sequentially connected by transmission belt.
Preferably, grinding assembly includes left nog plate and right nog plate, is separately positioned on the left and right part of grinding chamber, left nog plate and the right side
Nog plate gap setting, opposite face are additionally provided with abrading-ball；
Inner wall and right side pass through connecting rod before and after right nog plate front and back end overlap joint grinding chamber and the travelling nut of screw component connects
It connects, grinding chamber respective link motion path is provided with through slot；
Left nog plate front and back end overlaps grinding chamber front and back inner wall and left side is left inside by electric drive hydraulic thruster connection grinding chamber
Preferably, left nog plate and right nog plate top are provided with bending, small big throat structure under composition, the big mouth on top
It is exported greater than feed cavity.
Preferably, left nog plate and right nog plate bottom end extend into lower hopper.
Preferably, screw component further includes guide rod and support plate, and support plate is provided with two pieces, is fixed in grinding chamber up and down
In outer right wall, driving shaft passes through and is rotatablely connected support plate, and guide rod is parallel with driving shaft, and guide rod both ends pass through mobile spiral shell
Female and affixed support plate.
It preferably, further include commissioning pipe, commissioning pipe is arranged at the top of feed cavity and is connected to feed cavity by material hole, feeds intake
Symmetrical crushing knife is provided in pipe.
Preferably, driving motor is single head motor, passes through rod piece fixed connection apparatus outside wall surface.
Preferably, further include the component that gathers materials, be arranged below lower hopper, including bottom plate, Material collecting box for harvesting, worm screw, worm gear and drawing
The horizontal slide rail of left and right directions is provided on bottom plate, Material collecting box for harvesting corresponds to lower hopper outlet, and bottom of aggregate box is provided with
Sliding block, sliding block are slidably connected with sliding rail；
Bottom plate right end is rotatably connected to vertical worm screw, and bracket is arranged on the left of worm screw, and bracket corresponds to worm screw and is equipped with worm gear,
Worm gear disk is provided with cylindrical projection, and cylindrical projection box set has sleeve, the hinged Material collecting box for harvesting right side in pull rod one end, other end connection circle
Driving motor is double end motor, and driving shaft connects the upper output end of driving motor by shaft coupling, driving motor
Lower output end passes through shaft coupling connecting worm.
Preferably, it is provided with detachable strainer in Material collecting box for harvesting, the chamber interior wall that gathers materials is provided with protrusion, strainer shape and Material collecting box for harvesting
Inner cavity is corresponding, and strainer outer rim is overlapped in protrusion.
Using a kind of production method of above-mentioned biomass combustion particulate feed material process units, include the following steps:
S1 puts into biomass material in commissioning pipe, and is acted on by crushing knife and carry out primary comminution, avoids hindering
Plug, coarse granule enter feed cavity and fall on turntable；
S2 starts driving motor, and output end drives driving shaft rotation on one side driving motor, and travelling nut is by reciprocal
Screw thread and guide rod effect, move up and down, and then right nog plate and left nog plate is driven to do relative motion up and down；Another aspect driving shaft
Top drives driven shaft rotation by transmission, so that dial movement is driven, when the through-hole of turntable is overlapped with feed opening, under realization
Material；The lower output end of another aspect driving motor drives worm screw rotation, and worm gear is acted on by worm screw and being rotated, and is driven by pull rod
Material collecting box for harvesting moves left and right；
It wherein requires to stretch by adjusting electric drive hydraulic thruster according to grinding fineness, drives left nog plate mobile, change left
Right nog plate gap；
Driving motor revolving speed is wherein adjusted as needed, changes turntable and bulkhead through-hole coincidence frequency, and then change blanking
Speed changes left and right nog plate relative motion frequency, and then adjusts grinding effect, changes worm gear velocity of rotation, and then change and gather materials
Case screening efficiency；
S3, the material fallen from feed cavity form fine grained using the grinding of left and right nog plate, fall into Material collecting box for harvesting later,
And filtering is realized under strainer effect.
(3) beneficial effect
The present invention provides biomass combustion particulate feed material process units and production methods, have the advantage that
1, the present apparatus drives right nog plate mobile by screw component, generates opposite effect with left nog plate, has to material
Effect grinding, improves and guarantees the crushing effect of biomass；It is specially designed counterpart formula blanking simultaneously, by transmission component, by silk
The power of bar assembly is transmitted, and is driven turntable rotation, is realized feed cavity intermittent blanking, control blanking velocity.
2, it drives left nog plate mobile using electric drive hydraulic thruster, adjusts the gap between the nog plate of left and right, change abrasive grains
Finished product size adapts to different degree of grinding requirements.
3, left and right nog plate top and bottom end process flaring structure, are effectively collected to material and water conservancy diversion.
4, before feed cavity pan feeding, by the commissioning pipe of the right symmetrical crushing knife of installation, carry out precomminution, Optimization Cutting effect
5, it is provided with Material collecting box for harvesting in lower hopper bottom, and use double end driving motor, using the lower output end of driving motor,
Worm and wormwheel movement is driven, realizes that Material collecting box for harvesting moves left and right on the slide rail by pull rod, is vibrated, cooperate the filter of box house
Net realizes filtering.
6, for the sieve of the present apparatus by the way of detachably installing, replacement is convenient.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, will be described below to embodiment required
Attached drawing is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description be only it is of the invention, protect some embodiments, it is right
For those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings
His attached drawing.
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of apparatus of the present invention embodiment 4；
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of apparatus of the present invention embodiment 5；
Fig. 3 is the structure chart of apparatus of the present invention embodiment 7；
Fig. 4 is the structure chart of component of gathering materials in Fig. 3；
Fig. 5 is the structure chart of partition in apparatus of the present invention；
Fig. 6 is the structure chart of apparatus of the present invention turntable.
Fig. 7 is the structure chart of apparatus of the present invention turntable.
In attached drawing, parts list represented by the reference numerals are as follows:
1- feed cavity, 101- material hole, 2- grinding chamber, 3- lower hopper, 4- partition, 401- feed opening, 5- turntable, 501- are logical
Hole, 6- driven shaft, 601- driven wheel, 602- transmission belt, 603- driving wheel, the upper driving shaft of 7-, the reciprocal thread segment of 701-, 8- are mobile
Nut, 801- connecting rod, the left nog plate of 9-, the right nog plate of 10-, 11- abrading-ball, 12- electric drive hydraulic thruster, 13- driving motor, 14- guiding
Bar, 15- support plate, 16- commissioning pipe, 17- crushing knife, 18- shaft coupling, 19- worm screw, 20- worm gear, 21- pull rod, 22- bracket,
23- Material collecting box for harvesting, 24- sliding block, 25- sliding rail, 26- bottom plate, 27- strainer.
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete
Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on
Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts all other
Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Biomass combustion particulate feed material process units, including feed cavity 1, grinding chamber 2 and lower hopper 3, successively connect up and down
It is logical；
It is connected with partition 4 in feed cavity 1, top plate is installed at the top of feed cavity 1, top plate one end is provided with material hole 101, top plate
Center rotating is connected with driven shaft 6, and turntable 5 is protruded into feed cavity 1 and be connected in 6 bottom end of driven shaft, and turntable 5 is located above partition
And close to partition 4,6 top of driven shaft is equipped with driven wheel 601；5 one end of turntable is high, and the other end is low, and low one end is machined with logical
Hole 501, the correspondence of partition 4 are machined with feed opening 401；
Grinding assembly is provided in grinding chamber 2；Grinding assembly includes left nog plate 9 and right nog plate 10, is separately positioned on grinding
The left and right part of chamber 2,10 gap setting of left nog plate 9 and right nog plate, opposite face are also equipped with abrading-ball 11；
Right 10 front and back end of nog plate overlaps 2 front and back inner wall of grinding chamber and right side passes through the movement of connecting rod 801 and screw component
Nut 8 connects, and 2 respective link of grinding chamber, 801 motion path is provided with through slot；
Left 9 front and back end of nog plate overlaps 2 front and back inner wall of grinding chamber and left side passes through the connection grinding chamber 2 of electric drive hydraulic thruster 12
Left inside wall surface；
Screw component is installed on the right side of grinding chamber 2, screw component includes driving motor 13, driving shaft 7 and travelling nut 8,
Driving motor 13 connects the driving shaft 7 being vertically arranged by shaft coupling, and one section is machined on driving shaft 7 toward two-start screw 701, the section
It is bolted with travelling nut 8,7 top of driving shaft is equipped with driving wheel 603, and driving wheel 603 and driven wheel 601 pass through transmission belt 602
Driving motor 13 is single head motor, passes through rod piece fixed connection apparatus outside wall surface.
Basic functional principle is as follows:
Biomass material is put into from material hole 101, is fallen on turntable 5；Start driving motor 13, one side driving motor 13
Upper output end drives driving shaft 7 to rotate, and travelling nut 8 is moved up and down by reciprocal threaded function, so drive right nog plate 10 with
Left nog plate 9 does relative motion up and down；Driven shaft 6 is driven to rotate by transmission at the top of another aspect driving shaft 7, to drive turntable
5 movements realize blanking when the through-hole 501 of turntable 5 is overlapped with feed opening 401；Raw material is fallen between the nog plate of left and right, is ground
Plate effect realize grinds, after be discharged through lower hopper 3.It is required according to grinding fineness by adjusting electric drive hydraulic thruster 12
It is flexible, it drives left nog plate 9 mobile, changes left and right nog plate gap；As needed, 13 revolving speed of driving motor is adjusted, turntable 5 is changed
With 4 through-hole coincidence frequency of partition, and then change blanking velocity.
Difference from Example 1 is, left nog plate 9 and 10 top of right nog plate are machined with bending, small big under composition
The big mouth of throat structure, top is exported greater than feed cavity 1, is collected water conservancy diversion to 1 blanking of feed cavity.
Difference from Example 2 is that left nog plate 9 and 10 bottom end of right nog plate extend into lower hopper 3, extends grinding and makees
Use the time.
Difference from Example 3 is that screw component further includes guide rod 14 and support plate 15, and support plate 15 is provided with
It two pieces, is fixed in 2 outer right wall of grinding chamber up and down, driving shaft 7 passes through and be rotatablely connected support plate 15, guide rod 14 and active
Axis 7 is parallel, and 14 both ends of guide rod pass through travelling nut 8 and affixed support plate 15, is oriented to screw component.
Difference from Example 4 is, further includes commissioning pipe 16, the setting of commissioning pipe 16 is at 1 top of feed cavity and passes through
Material hole 101 is connected to feed cavity 1, is equipped with symmetrical crushing knife 17 in commissioning pipe 16, crushing knife 17 is circumscribed with motor, to investment
Raw material carry out precomminution, be convenient for blanking.
Difference from Example 5 is, further includes the component that gathers materials, and is arranged below lower hopper 3, including bottom plate 26, collection
Hopper 27, worm screw 19, worm gear 20 and pull rod 21；
The horizontal slide rail 25 of left and right directions is installed, the corresponding lower hopper 3 of Material collecting box for harvesting 27 exports, Material collecting box for harvesting 27 on bottom plate 26
Bottom is equipped with sliding block 24, and sliding block 24 is slidably connected with sliding rail 25；
26 right end of bottom plate is rotatably connected to vertical worm screw 19, and bracket 22, the corresponding worm screw of bracket 22 are arranged on the left of worm screw 19
19 are equipped with worm gear 20, and 20 disk of worm gear is machined with cylindrical projection, and cylindrical projection box set has sleeve, and 21 one end of pull rod hingedly gathers materials
27 right side of case, other end connecting cylinder protrusion；
Driving motor 13 is double end motor, and driving shaft 7 connects the upper output end of driving motor 13 by shaft coupling 18, is driven
The lower output end of dynamic motor 13 passes through 18 connecting worm 19 of shaft coupling.
The lower output end of driving motor 13 drives worm screw 19 to rotate in this way, and worm gear 20 receives the effect rotation of worm screw 19, and leads to
Crossing pull rod 21 drives Material collecting box for harvesting 27 to move left and right, and carries out refining.
Difference from Example 6 is, detachable strainer 27 is provided in Material collecting box for harvesting 23, and 23 inwall processing of Material collecting box for harvesting has
Protrusion, 27 shape of strainer is corresponding with 23 inner cavity of Material collecting box for harvesting, and 27 outer rim of strainer is overlapped in protrusion, convenient for needing to change according to filtering
Become the strainer of different pore size.
Since the technical solution bring technical effect that embodiment 7 includes is most, introduced with this embodiment of the invention complete
Whole working principle, i.e. application method:
Biomass material is put into commissioning pipe 16, and is acted on by crushing knife 17 and carries out primary comminution, avoids hindering
Plug, coarse granule enter feed cavity 1 and fall on turntable 5；
Start driving motor 13, output end drives driving shaft 7 to rotate on one side driving motor 13, and travelling nut 8 receives
It acts on, moves up and down toward two-start screw 701 and guide rod 14, and then right nog plate 10 is driven to do relative motion up and down with left nog plate 9；Separately
At the top of one side driving shaft 7 by transmission drive driven shaft 6 rotate, thus drive turntable 5 move, when turntable 5 through-hole 501 with
When feed opening 401 is overlapped, blanking is realized；The lower output end of another aspect driving motor 13 drives worm screw 19 to rotate, worm gear 20 by
It acts on and rotating to worm screw 19, and drive Material collecting box for harvesting 23 to move left and right by pull rod 21；
Material under feed cavity 10 forms fine grained using the grinding of left and right nog plate, falls into Material collecting box for harvesting 23 later, and
Filtering is realized under the effect of strainer 27.
In the above method, requires to stretch by adjusting electric drive hydraulic thruster 12 according to grinding fineness, drive left nog plate 11
It is mobile, change left and right nog plate gap；Adjustment 13 revolving speed of driving motor as needed changes turntable 5 and is overlapped frequency with 4 through-hole of partition
Rate, and then change blanking velocity, change left and right nog plate relative motion frequency, and then adjust grinding effect, change the rotation of worm gear 20
Speed, and then change 27 screening efficiency of Material collecting box for harvesting.
It should be noted that above-mentioned electric control element is provided with power supply power supply, it is unified to say here in order to avoid narration burden
It is bright.
In the description of this specification, the description of reference term " one embodiment ", " example ", " specific example " etc. means
Specific features described in conjunction with this embodiment or example, structure, material live feature and are contained at least one implementation of the invention
In example or example.In the present specification, schematic expression of the above terms may not refer to the same embodiment or example.
Moreover, particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described can be in any one or more of the embodiments or examples to close
Suitable mode combines.
Present invention disclosed above preferred embodiment is only intended to help to illustrate the present invention.There is no detailed for preferred embodiment
All details are described, also do not limit the specific embodiment that the invention is only.Obviously, according to the content of this specification, can make
Many modifications and variations.These embodiments are chosen and specifically described to this specification, is original in order to better explain the present invention
Reason and practical application, so that skilled artisan be enable to better understand and utilize the present invention.The present invention is only authorized
The limitation of sharp claim and its full scope and equivalent.