CN109025388A - A kind of removable expansion type can open the constructing device and construction method of awning - Google Patents

A kind of removable expansion type can open the constructing device and construction method of awning Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109025388A
CN109025388A CN201810924745.5A CN201810924745A CN109025388A CN 109025388 A CN109025388 A CN 109025388A CN 201810924745 A CN201810924745 A CN 201810924745A CN 109025388 A CN109025388 A CN 109025388A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roof
orbit
steel
truss
awning
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810924745.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109025388B (en
Inventor
马栋
牛本亮
黄帮兴
罗杰
赵洪星
沈水龙
谢志飞
任栋杰
刘元鹏
程凯华
于海波
雷鹏
么甲民
程鹏
张昂
李涛喆
王辉
王腾
宋文俊
胡倩
王硕
杨春鹏
王开晟
甘平
苑青青
张迎宝
时小康
许烨霜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Jiaotong University
China Railway 16th Bureau Group Co Ltd
Beijing Rail Transit Engineering Construction Co Ltd of China Railway 16th Bureau Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shanghai Jiaotong University
China Railway 16th Bureau Group Co Ltd
Beijing Rail Transit Engineering Construction Co Ltd of China Railway 16th Bureau Group Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Jiaotong University, China Railway 16th Bureau Group Co Ltd, Beijing Rail Transit Engineering Construction Co Ltd of China Railway 16th Bureau Group Co Ltd filed Critical Shanghai Jiaotong University
Priority to CN201810924745.5A priority Critical patent/CN109025388B/en
Publication of CN109025388A publication Critical patent/CN109025388A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109025388B publication Critical patent/CN109025388B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H1/00Buildings or groups of buildings for dwelling or office purposes; General layout, e.g. modular co-ordination, staggered storeys small buildings
    • E04H1/12Small buildings or other erections for limited occupation, erected in the open air or arranged in buildings, e.g. kiosks, waiting shelters for bus stops or for filling stations, roofs for railway platforms, watchmens' huts, dressing cubicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/343Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport
    • E04B1/34336Structures movable as a whole
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/16Roof structures with movable roof parts
    • E04B7/166Roof structures with movable roof parts characterised by a translation movement of the movable roof part, with or without additional movements

Abstract

The present invention provides constructing devices and construction method that a kind of removable expansion type can open awning, described device includes: intermediate Roof structure, expands Roof structure, intermediate orbit system and move freely system, wherein: intermediate Roof structure is supported by intermediate orbit system, and is moved with intermediate orbit of the intermediate orbit system in intermediate orbit system;It expands Roof structure to be fixed in the system of moving freely, and is overlapped on intermediate Roof structure, do telescopic moving along intermediate Roof structure;The method is based on described device, an awning equipment that is removable and can opening can be built at the construction field (site) by described device, influence of the summer high temperature to construction speed can be reduced, and rainwater is reduced for the construction personnel of foundation pit and foundation pit two sides and the influence of equipment, additionally convenience can be provided for gantry crane handling appliance by controlling the unlatching of awning, gantry crane operation is influenced after solving the problems, such as installation awning, improves efficiency, shortens the construction period.

Description

A kind of removable expansion type can open the constructing device and construction method of awning
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of construction engineering technical field constructing device and construction method, and in particular, to Yi Zhongke Mobile expansion type can open the constructing device and construction method of awning.
Background technique
It usually requires to carry out the construction operations such as excavation pit during Urban Underground Space Excavation.Cut and cover method is because of construction cost The advantages such as low, technology maturation, one of the most common method being increasingly becoming in excavation of foundation pit.Since cut and cover method excavation of foundation pit often exists Outdoor progress is influenced more obvious by factors such as weather.And in the area of the abundant rainfalls such as southeastern coast, annual precipitation is often 1000mm or more and the duration in rainy season it is longer, easily cause hole internal water accumulation and then influence deep pit monitor.Furthermore summer high temperature day Gas makes open-cut foundation ditch be exposed to the sun by burning sun again, will significantly affect the activity duration, reduces construction efficiency.Therefore above open-cut foundation ditch Awning is set up for rain-proof sunshade, construction environment can be effectively improved.But setting up awning will affect the operation of gantry crane, therefore in order to Ensure the safe and efficient implementation of excavation of foundation pit, needs to develop a kind of equipment for adapting to specific difficulty in these digging process.
By the retrieval discovery to existing technical literature, China Patent No. are as follows: 201620580731.2, patent publication No. Are as follows: 205713167U, patent name are as follows: a kind of packaged type rain shade for main structure of subway station construction, the patent A kind of readme are as follows: " packaged type rain shade for main structure of subway station construction, to reduce external environment to engineering construction The influence of operation, it is ensured that shield launching condition node duration.It includes rain shade and track, and the rain shade includes at least one The interior rain shade and outer rain shade being made of steel truss and top rain-proof layer, the track include being fixed at foundation pit two sides steel The parallel inner track of reinforced concrete crown beam, outer side track, interior rain shade, the fixation of outer rain shade steel truss two sides lower end are set Set idler wheel corresponding with inner track, outer side track respectively." although above-mentioned patent solves that traditional awning is irremovable to be lacked Point saves awning assembling and mobile cost, but the construction site of foundation pit two sides is still needed to when keeping off the rain or sunshade requirement Additional awning is separately built, it is time-consuming and laborious, and in big machinery by will cause trouble when gantry crane disengaging foundation pit.
Summary of the invention
For the defects in the prior art, the purpose of the invention patent is to provide a kind of removable expansion open-type rain of utilization Canopy sun-shading rain-proof does not influence the constructing device and method of gantry crane work again simultaneously, can be taken at the construction field (site) by described device An awning equipment that is removable and can opening is built, influence of the summer high temperature to construction speed can be reduced, and reduce rainwater The influence of construction personnel and equipment for foundation pit and foundation pit two sides can be additionally gantry crane by controlling the unlatching of awning Handling appliance provides convenience, influences gantry crane operation after solving the problems, such as installation awning, improves efficiency, shorten the construction period.
According to an aspect of the present invention, the constructing device that a kind of removable expansion type can open awning is provided, it is described to apply It includes: intermediate Roof structure that tooling, which is set, expands Roof structure, intermediate orbit system and moves freely system, the intermediate roof truss System is supported by the intermediate orbit system, and is moved with intermediate orbit of the intermediate orbit system in intermediate orbit system It is dynamic;The expansion Roof structure is moved freely in system and is overlapped on the intermediate Roof structure described in being fixed on, described to open up Exhibition Roof structure moves freely system described in and does telescopic moving along the intermediate Roof structure;
The intermediate Roof structure is made of steel column, fixed roof system and removable roof system, the expansion Roof structure by Inside steel column, outside steel column and expand truss composition, the intermediate orbit system by intermediate orbit, intermediate orbit beam and in Between rail wheel form, move freely system by expansion track girder, expand rail wheel and sliding support and form;Wherein:
The steel column lower end of the intermediate Roof structure is fixedly connected with the intermediate orbit wheel of the intermediate orbit system, institute It states steel column upper end to be welded and fixed with the fixed roof system, the removable roof system is arranged on the fixed roof system and can be along institute It states and is moved in fixed roof system parallel direction, to realize the closure or openness of awning;
The inside steel column lower end for expanding Roof structure is fixedly connected with the expansion rail wheel, and the outside steel is vertical Column lower end is welded and fixed with the sliding support for moving freely system, and the both ends for expanding truss, which are respectively welded, is fixed on institute State the upper end of inside steel column and the outside steel column;
The intermediate orbit wheel of the intermediate orbit system and the intermediate orbit occlusal contact condition, the intermediate orbit are fixed on The intermediate orbit beam;
The both ends of the expansion track girder for moving freely system are welded in the medium position of two steel columns, the expansion Rail wheel and the expansion track girder occlusal contact condition, the expansion rail wheel of inside steel column lower end and the outside steel column The sliding support of lower end cooperates, and is moved in the horizontal and vertical both direction of the expansion truss with realizing, meanwhile, the outside steel The sliding support of column lower end and the intermediate orbit wheel of the steel column lower end cooperate, to realize the level side of entire constructing device Upward movement.
Preferably, in the intermediate Roof structure: fixed roof system is by fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam, driving part, active Gear, transmission gear, driving chain, fixed roof boarding composition move roof system by follower gear, removable truss-steel beam and removable Dynamic roof boarding composition;Wherein:
The driving part is installed on the upper end of fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam, and has locking function;The driving gear It is articulated and connected with driving part;The driving gear and driving chain occlusal contact condition;The transmission gear articulated connection is in fixation The lower end of lateral awning truss-steel beam and and driving chain occlusal contact condition;Fixed roof boarding is fixed on fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam On;The follower gear is installed on the upper/lower terminal of removable truss-steel beam, the follower gear and transmission by hinged mode Chain is connected;The removable roof boarding is installed on the upside of removable truss-steel beam;
The driving part drives driving gear, and for driving gear by driving chain band nutating gear, transmission gear is logical It crosses driving chain and drives follower gear, and then drive removable truss-steel beam and removable roof boarding, realize awning opened/closed.
Preferably, in the intermediate Roof structure: steel column selects the bracket column of identical size, and with expand roof truss system The inside steel column equal-height position of system is welded with bracket column platform, expands track girder for welding.
It is highly preferred that being equipped with the hook of pull-cord on the bracket column.
Preferably, in the intermediate Roof structure: the top steel pipe top end of fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam, which is welded with, to be used for The bracket of driving part is installed, the bottom end of fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam is welded with bracket and axis for installing transmission gear It holds.
Preferably, in intermediate Roof structure described in each group: fixed roof system is integrally in herringbone, lambdoid Liang Ge branch It is in respectively 2~5 ° of angles with ground, the horizontal span and foundation pit crown beam spacing of fixed roof system are adapted.
Preferably, in the expansion Roof structure: expanding truss and ground is in 2~5 ° of angles, and the length for expanding truss is less than The half of fixed lateral awning steelframe beam span;It is parallel with the adjacent branch of fixation roof system to expand truss.
Preferably, in the expansion Roof structure: expanding track girder and use zinc-plated high carbon steel material, expand the length of track girder It spends identical as the span of fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam.
Preferably, in the intermediate orbit system: intermediate orbit wheel is equipped with brake locking mechanism.
Preferably, the system that moves freely is by the sliding support on the steel column of outside, the expansion set up on intermediate roof truss Track girder expands rail wheel composition, in which:
The sliding support is in a manner of multiple universal wheels and flat sheet combination as the pedestal for expanding Roof structure, in which: Plate select length dimension be 200~400mm square steel slab, plate with a thickness of 20mm~40mm.
It is highly preferred that fixing one in four angles of the flat plate bottom, each welded corner joint meets load-bearing and movement requirement And have the small-sized universal wheel of locking mechanism.
Preferably, the intermediate orbit beam is the crown beam in open-cut foundation ditch, and intermediate orbit selects heavy steel track, intermediate Using as pedestal, intermediate orbit upside is connected with the rail wheel to match on anchor rail beam on the downside of track.
Preferably, Roof structure described in one group and mobile system are whole, i.e., expansion Roof structure, intermediate Roof structure, from Whole, 3000~6000mm of spacing between each group, using multiple groups by mobile system and intermediate orbit system.
The working principle of constructing device of the present invention are as follows:
The intermediate orbit system is mounted on the basis of intermediate orbit beam, to support intermediate Roof structure and provide intermediate room The mobile required track of frame system;The intermediate orbit wheel is mounted on intermediate steel column and connect with intermediate orbit, plays solid The case where truss takes in fixed roof system is being expanded in the effect that fixed intermediate Roof structure and entire constructing device move on rail Under, it is mobile that the pull-cord in engineering draws entire constructing device;Sliding support and expansion rail in the expansion rail system Roof structure is expanded in beam support in road, is expanded rail wheel and is expanded track girder occlusal contact condition, the expansion track of inside steel column lower end Wheel and the sliding support of outside steel column lower end cooperate, and are moved with realizing to expand in the horizontal and vertical both direction of truss, meanwhile, The sliding support of outside steel column lower end and the intermediate orbit wheel of steel column lower end cooperate, to realize the level of entire constructing device Movement on direction, after reaching specified construction location, by pushing expansion Roof structure and it being allowed to arrive specified construction location; By the driving part on control fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam, allow removable roof system flat with fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam It is moved on line direction, to be easy to use gantry crane to carry out the hanging in of large scale equipment, hang out, entire constructing device is allowed to pass through in engineering Machinery driven.
According to another aspect of the present invention, a kind of construction method based on above-mentioned apparatus is provided, the method default is opened up Exhibition Roof structure opens and removable roof system is in close state, and driving part is in locking state;
The construction method the following steps are included:
The intermediate Roof structure of awning and expansion Roof structure are moved to construction location by the first step, specifically:
1) the brake locking mechanism of sliding support is opened;
2) most inner side that expansion Roof structure is shifted onto intermediate Roof structure makes to expand truss and fixed roof system is overlapped;
3) hawser driven with engineering machinery is mounted on the hook of bracket column;
4) the brake locking mechanism of intermediate orbit wheel is opened;
5) it is parallel with intermediate orbit to adjust hawser, to guarantee that entire constructing device is translatable in intermediate orbit parallel direction;
6) bracket column is drawn by the hawser parallel with intermediate orbit, entire constructing device is enabled to move along intermediate orbit;
7) after reaching designated position, the hawser connecting with bracket column is released, and the brake of intermediate orbit wheel is locked Mechanism is locked;
Second step adjusts and expands Roof structure to designated position, specifically:
1) it is lower than 30 degree when rainfall is less than 10mm/24h and temperature, and does not need to hang out using gantry crane, hang in outside When portion's equipment, expansion truss is moved to the most inner side of intermediate Roof structure, then locks the brake locking mechanism of sliding support;
2) when rainfall be greater than 10mm/24h when or temperature be greater than 30 degree, and expansion Roof structure keep off the rain or avoid heat Demand when, truss will be expanded be drawn to outward and expand the outermost that can achieve of rail wheel, finally lock the brake of sliding support Vehicle locking mechanism;
3) when hanging in, hanging out external equipment, Roof structure will be expanded and be drawn to outermost, and locked sliding branch outward The brake locking mechanism of seat;
4) when expanding Roof structure and wanting passing vehicle and when not needing gantry crane and hanging in, hang out, Roof structure will be expanded Shift most inner side, and the brake locking mechanism of locked sliding support onto;
Third step adjusts removable roof system to designated position, specifically:
1) when external equipment is needed to hang in by gantry crane, be hung out, move expand truss to the 3 of second step first) position It sets, opens driving part, by controlling the rotation direction of two driving parts on lateral awning truss-steel beam, enable respectively left and right Two panels moves roof system and moves down and cover fixed roof boarding in parallel, will when fixed roof boarding is completely covered in mobile roof Driving part locks and stops driving part;
2) it when rainfall is greater than 10mm/24h or temperature is greater than 30 degree, and is not necessarily to hang in, hang out external equipment, first adjusts The rotation direction for saving driving part is third step 1) it is reversed, release motor is locked and opens driving part, enable respectively left and right Two panels moves roof system and moves up and cover its initial position, and driving part is locked and stops driving part.
Compared with prior art, the present invention have it is following the utility model has the advantages that
The present invention is long for the outdoor construction time, the feature that by weather is influenced high on construction period, by making one kind Removable expansion type awning realizes awning of the construction without handling in a continuous workshop section, in addition to covering main construction area Except can also cover and expand region, and can be collapsed under intermediate roof truss in vehicle pass-through, by the movement of roof boarding, It can hanging in hang out space be provided for Large-Scale Equipment.
The present invention is to expand sunshade of region construction personnel with it in outdoor project such as foundation pit simultaneously, reduces and constructed Influence of the rainfall to construction personnel and equipment in journey reduces the awning handling construction time used, facilitates hanging in for equipment It hangs out, reduces security risk, improve production efficiency, meet the needs of engineering construction and vehicle transport, meet construction site Requirement to construction instrument has good future in engineering applications.
Detailed description of the invention
Upon reading the detailed description of non-limiting embodiments with reference to the following drawings, other feature of the invention, Objects and advantages will become more apparent upon:
Fig. 1 is the overall structure front view of the removable expansion open-type awning of one embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the fixation roof system and removable roof system front view of the intermediate Roof structure of one embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the fixation roof system and removable roof system top view of a preferred embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the expansion track girder and expansion rail wheel structural schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is that an of the invention preferred embodiment moves freely system sliding support structural schematic diagram
In figure:
1 be sliding support, 2 be outside steel column, 3 be expand truss, 4 be bracket column, 5 be intermediate orbit wheel and mid-rail Road, 6 be intermediate orbit beam, 7 be expand track girder, 8 be transmission gear, 9 be motor, 10 be removable roof system, 11 be transmission chain Item, 12 be fixed roof system, 13 be inside steel column, 14 be single-directional sliding support, 15 be follower gear, 16 be lateral awning steelframe Beam, 17 be removable roof boarding, 18 be driving gear, 19 be the roof boarding of fixed roof system, 20 be rail on single-directional sliding support Road wheel.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in detail combined with specific embodiments below.Following embodiment will be helpful to the technology of this field Personnel further understand the present invention, but the invention is not limited in any way.It should be pointed out that the ordinary skill of this field For personnel, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made.These belong to the present invention Protection scope.
As Figure 1-Figure 5, a kind of removable expansion type can open the constructing device of awning, comprising: sliding support 1, outer Side steel column 2 expands truss 3, bracket column 4, intermediate orbit wheel and intermediate orbit 5, intermediate orbit beam 6, expands track girder 7, passes Moving gear 8, motor 9, removable roof system 10, driving chain 11, fixed roof system 12, inside steel column 13, single-directional sliding support 14, Follower gear 15, lateral awning truss-steel beam 16, removable roof boarding 17, driving gear 18, fixed roof system roof boarding 19, unidirectional Rail wheel 20 on sliding support;Its linking relationship are as follows:
Sliding support 1 is welded on the lower end of outside steel column 2;Steel column 2 on the outside are respectively welded in the both ends for expanding truss 3 On inside steel column 13;The lower end of bracket column 4 is welded on intermediate orbit wheel, and intermediate orbit wheel is engaged on intermediate orbit; Intermediate orbit is mounted on intermediate orbit beam 6 by railway spike;The both ends for expanding track girder 7 are bolted on two oxen respectively On leg column 4;Single-directional sliding support 14 is welded on the lower end of inside steel column 13, and passes through the rail wheel 20 on single-directional sliding support With expansion 7 occlusal contact condition of track girder;Fixed roof system 12 is welded to connect in the upper end of bracket column 5;Transmission gear 8, motor 9 pass through spiral shell Silk is fixed on fixed roof system 12;Removable roof system 10 is connect by follower gear 15 with driving chain 11, and driving chain 11 With transmission gear 8,18 occlusal contact condition of driving gear, driving gear 18 and motor 9 are fixed.
As a preferred embodiment, in intermediate Roof structure described in each group, the fixation roof system at the top of roof truss is formed 12 is whole in herringbone, and lambdoid Liang Ge branch is in respectively 3 degree of angles with ground, and the horizontal span of fixed roof system 12 is 8000mm;The vertical steel column of intermediate Roof structure selects the I-steel bracket column 4 of identical size, and the lower end of bracket column 4 is vertical Column length 3000mm, width 450mm are 100mm, length being welded with a width with 13 equal-height position of inside steel column for expanding Roof structure Degree and the wide right-angled trapezium bracket column platform of 4 width of bracket column;Zinc-plated high carbon steel material is welded above bracket column platform Track girder 7 is expanded, expanding the length of track girder 7,12 span of roof system is identical, width 30mm with fixation, and the top of bracket column 4 is adopted With long 1200mm, the identical I-steel of width and lower end, by being welded to connect between upper/lower terminal, bracket column 4 it is total a height of 4500mm, every 300mm carries out steel plate reinforcement in 4 short transverse of bracket column, in the high 1000mm of whole roof truss outermost bracket column 4 Place is provided with the hook of installation pull-cord.
As a preferred embodiment, it is 70mm that the upper and lower part of the transverse direction awning truss-steel beam 16, which is all made of diameter, Steel pipe, to form the skeleton of fixed roof system upper and lower part, in which: the top on lateral 16 top of awning truss-steel beam is welded with peace The bracket of motor 9 is filled, the bottom end of lateral 16 lower part of awning truss-steel beam is welded with the bracket and bearing of installation transmission gear 8, laterally The oblique steel pipe of the centre of awning truss-steel beam 16 diameter 40mm, longitudinal steel pipe of long 100mm and diameter 40mm, long 200mm, and Corresponding one longitudinal steel pipe of each oblique steel pipe, two oblique steel pipes form one with a longitudinal steel pipe and are with longitudinal steel pipe The isosceles triangle of middle line, this combination form the web of lateral awning truss-steel beam 16.
As a preferred embodiment, the power of the motor 9 is in 2200kw or more, and its speed regulation and adjustable turn Dynamic direction, can lock;
The motor 9 is welded on lateral 16 upper end of awning truss-steel beam for installing the bracket of motor 9.
As a preferred embodiment, the driving gear 18 uses radius for 60mm gear, number of teeth specification and biography Dynamic chain 11 is adapted.
As a preferred embodiment, radius, number of teeth specification and the driving gear 18 of the transmission gear 8 are consistent.
As a preferred embodiment, the roof boarding 19 of the fixed roof system uses the colored steel roof plate of 12mm thickness, It is reinforced among it using the zinc-plated high-carbon steel lipped channel purlin of 400mm;The overlay length of the roof boarding 19 of fixed roof system is cross To the half of 16 length of awning truss-steel beam.
As a preferred embodiment, the transverse direction of the removable truss-steel beam of the removable roof system 10 and fixed roof system 12 Awning truss-steel beam 16 is parallel, and is mounted on the top of fixed roof system 12;Removable roof system 10 in form with lateral awning steelframe Beam 16 is identical, and size uses the half of lateral awning truss-steel beam 16.
As a preferred embodiment, the removable roof boarding 17 is colored steel roof, with a thickness of 10mm;
The centre of the removable roof boarding 17 is reinforced using the zinc-plated high-carbon steel lipped channel purlin of length 400mm;It can The top and bottom of 17 side of Mobile house panel are separately installed with follower gear 15.
As a preferred embodiment, the radius and number of teeth parameter and driving gear 18 of the follower gear 15 are consistent.
As a preferred embodiment, one group of Roof structure and mobile system are whole, i.e. expansion Roof structure, intermediate room Frame system moves freely system and intermediate orbit system entirety, spacing 6000mm between each group, using 4 groups.
As a preferred embodiment, the expansion truss 3 and ground are in 3 degree of angles and and adjacent fixation roof system 12 Herringbone branch is parallel, and the length for expanding truss 3 is less than the half of lateral 16 span of awning truss-steel beam, and specific length L is by sliding The farthest horizontal distance S and tiltangleθ of dynamic support 1 and the intermediate orbit beam 6 of adjacent side have following relationship:
As a preferred embodiment, it is the column type steel pipe of 20mm, length that the inside steel column 13, which selects diameter, Degree is 1300mm.
As a preferred embodiment, it is 150mm that the outside steel column 2, which selects diameter, a height of 3500mm it is hollow Round tube.
As a preferred embodiment, the expansion truss uses and the consistent form of lateral awning truss-steel beam 16.
As a preferred embodiment, the intermediate orbit beam 6 is the crown beam in open-cut foundation ditch as track girder, intermediate Track selects heavy steel track, using as pedestal on anchoring intermediate orbit beam 6 on the downside of intermediate orbit, on the upside of intermediate orbit and phase Matched intermediate orbit wheel connection, intermediate orbit wheel can lock.
As a preferred embodiment, the system that moves freely is by the sliding support 1 on outside steel column 2, centre Expansion track girder 7 and single-directional sliding support 14 composition set up on bracket column 4 in Roof structure;Wherein:
The sliding support 1 is by the way of multiple universal wheels and flat sheet combination as the pedestal for expanding part, plate choosing The square-shaped metal slab for being 200mm with length dimension, with a thickness of 30mm;At four angles of flat plate bottom, each welded corner joint is solid A fixed small-sized universal wheel met the requirements;
The expansion track girder 7 selects zinc-plated high-carbon steel sliding rail, and length is identical with lateral awning 16 spans of truss-steel beam, Width is 20-30mm;
The single-directional sliding support 14 is welded on the lower end of inside steel column 13, and the rail wheel 20 on single-directional sliding support is adopted Diameter with four groups of compositions, one expansion rail wheel, rail wheel 20 is 15mm, and each rail wheel 20 has rubber tread, is expanded Rail wheel load-bearing 400kg or more, and have locking device.
Further, using the construction method of above-mentioned constructing device, comprising the following steps:
(be defaulted as expanding Roof structure opening and removable roof system be in close state, motor is in locking state)
Constructing device is moved after certain section of construction terminates to next construction location,
The first step allows the intermediate Roof structure of awning and expansion Roof structure to be moved to construction location, specifically:
1) the brake locking mechanism of sliding support 1 is opened;
2) expansion Roof structure is shifted into manpower and is overlapped with intermediate Roof structure;
3) hawser driven with engineering machinery is mounted on the hook of bracket column 4;
4) the brake locking mechanism of intermediate orbit wheel is opened;
5) it is parallel with intermediate orbit 5 to adjust hawser, guarantees that whole device is translatable in 5 parallel direction of intermediate orbit;
6) bracket column 4 that intermediate roof truss is drawn by the hawser parallel with intermediate orbit 5, enables whole device along intermediate orbit 5 is mobile;
7) it after reaching designated position, releases and hawser that bracket column 4 connects, and by the brake lock of intermediate orbit wheel Extremely;
Second step adjusts and expands Roof structure to designated position, specifically:
1) it is lower than 30 degree when rainfall is less than 10mm/24h and temperature, and does not need to hang out using gantry crane and hang in device When, lock the brake locking mechanism of sliding support 1;
2) when rainfall be greater than 10mm/24h when or temperature be greater than 30 degree, and expansion truss 3 have the need for keeping off the rain or avoiding heat It asks, truss 3 is expanded by Manual-pushing and arrives suitable position, finally locks the brake locking mechanism of sliding support 1;
3) when hang in hang out device when, truss 3 will be expanded and be adjusted to outermost, and the brake of locked sliding support 1;
4) when expand truss 3 want passing vehicle when and do not need gantry crane hang in hang out when, will expand truss 3 shift onto it is most interior Side, and the brake locking mechanism of locked sliding support 1;
Third step, it adjusts removable roof boarding 17 and arrives designated position, specifically:
1) when needing equipment to hang in, hang out by gantry crane, move expand truss 3 arrives second step 3 first) position, Motor 9 is opened, by controlling the rotation direction of two motors 9 on lateral awning truss-steel beam 16, enables left and right two panels can respectively Mobile roof 10 moves down and covers in parallel the roof boarding 19 of fixed roof system, when fixed roof system is completely covered in removable roof system 10 Roof boarding 19 when, it is motor 9 is locked and stop motor 9;
2) when rainfall is greater than 10mm/24h or temperature is greater than 30 degree, and hangs out device without hanging in, electricity is first adjusted The rotation direction of machine 9 is third step 1) it is reversed, contact motor 9 is locked and opens motor 9, enable left and right two panels removable respectively Dynamic roof system 10 moves up and covers its initial position, and motor 9 is locked and stops motor 9.
The operation principle of the present invention is that:
Intermediate orbit system is mounted on the basis of intermediate orbit beam 6, is supported intermediate Roof structure and is provided intermediate roof truss system The mobile required track of system, intermediate orbit wheel are mounted on intermediate bracket column 4 and connect with intermediate orbit 5, play fixed intermediate room The case where truss 3 takes in intermediate Roof structure is being expanded in the effect that frame system and entire constructing device move on intermediate orbit 5 Under, the pull-cord in engineering draws entire constructing device movement, expands sliding support 1 and expansion track girder in rail system Roof structure is expanded in 7 supports, and expansion Roof structure can be moved in horizontal and vertical both direction;Reach specified apply After station is set, truss 3 is expanded by pushing, and it is allowed to arrive specified construction location;By controlling on lateral awning truss-steel beam 16 Motor 9, allow removable roof boarding 17 to move on the parallel direction with lateral awning truss-steel beam 16, to facilitate large scale equipment It hangs in, hang out, entire constructing device is allowed to be driven by the machinery in engineering.
The present invention is long for the outdoor construction time, the feature that by weather is influenced high on construction period, by making one kind Removable expansion type awning realizes awning of the construction without handling in a continuous workshop section, in addition to covering main construction area Except can also cover and expand region, and can be collapsed under intermediate roof truss in vehicle pass-through, by the movement of roof boarding, It can hanging in hang out space be provided for Large-Scale Equipment.This patent is to expand region with it in outdoor project such as foundation pit and apply simultaneously The sunshade of worker person reduces influence of the rainfall to construction personnel and equipment in work progress, reduces used in awning handling Construction time facilitates hanging in for equipment and hangs out, reduces security risk, improve production efficiency, meet engineering construction and vehicle Transport needs, meet construction site to construction instrument requirement, have good future in engineering applications.
All attached drawings of above-described embodiment, which are intended merely to facilitate, illustrates technology contents of the invention;Constitute optimal implementation The technical characteristics such as the size of correlation and components between the position of number, components used by mode, components The restriction to technical solution itself is not constituted, and should extend to the entire field that the technical field is covered.
Specific embodiments of the present invention are described above.It is to be appreciated that the invention is not limited to above-mentioned spies Determine embodiment, those skilled in the art can make various deformations or amendments within the scope of the claims, this has no effect on Substantive content of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. the constructing device that a kind of removable expansion type can open awning, which is characterized in that the constructing device includes: intermediate room Frame system expands Roof structure, intermediate orbit system and moves freely system, and the intermediate Roof structure is by the intermediate orbit System support, and moved with intermediate orbit of the intermediate orbit system in intermediate orbit system;The expansion Roof structure Be fixed on it is described move freely in system and be overlapped on the intermediate Roof structure, the expansions Roof structure by it is described oneself Telescopic moving is done along the intermediate Roof structure by mobile system;
The intermediate Roof structure is made of steel column, fixed roof system and removable roof system, and the expansion Roof structure is by inside Steel column, outside steel column and expansion truss composition, the intermediate orbit system is by intermediate orbit, intermediate orbit beam and mid-rail Wheel composition in road moves freely system and is made of expansion track girder, expansion rail wheel and sliding support;Wherein:
The steel column lower end of the intermediate Roof structure is fixedly connected with the intermediate orbit wheel of the intermediate orbit system, the steel The upper end of the column is welded and fixed with the fixed roof system, and the removable roof system is arranged on the fixed roof system and can be along described solid Determine to move in roof system parallel direction, to realize the closure or openness of awning;
The inside steel column lower end for expanding Roof structure is fixedly connected with the expansion rail wheel, under the outside steel column End is welded and fixed with the sliding support for moving freely system, and the both ends for expanding truss, which are respectively welded, to be fixed in described The upper end of side steel column and the outside steel column;
The intermediate orbit wheel of the intermediate orbit system and the intermediate orbit occlusal contact condition, the intermediate orbit are fixed on described Intermediate orbit beam;
The both ends of the expansion track girder for moving freely system are welded in the medium position of two steel columns, the expansion track Wheel and the expansion track girder occlusal contact condition, the expansion rail wheel of inside steel column lower end and outside steel column lower end Sliding support cooperation, moved in the horizontal and vertical both direction of the expansion truss with realizing, meanwhile, the outside steel column The sliding support of lower end and the intermediate orbit wheel of the steel column lower end cooperate, in the horizontal direction to realize entire constructing device Movement.
2. the constructing device that a kind of removable expansion type according to claim 1 can open awning, which is characterized in that described In intermediate Roof structure: fixed roof system is by fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam, driving part, driving gear, transmission gear, transmission chain Item, fixed roof boarding composition, removable roof system are made of follower gear, removable truss-steel beam and removable roof boarding;Wherein:
The driving part is installed on the upper end of fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam, and has locking function;The driving gear and drive Dynamic component articulated connection;The driving gear and driving chain occlusal contact condition;The transmission gear articulated connection is in fixed lateral The lower end of awning truss-steel beam and and driving chain occlusal contact condition;Fixed roof boarding is fixed on fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam;Institute State the upper/lower terminal that follower gear is installed on removable truss-steel beam by hinged mode, the follower gear and driving chain It is connected;The removable roof boarding is installed on the upside of removable truss-steel beam;
The driving part drives driving gear, and driving gear passes through biography by driving chain band nutating gear, transmission gear Dynamic chain-driving follower gear, and then removable truss-steel beam and removable roof boarding are driven, realize awning opened/closed.
3. the constructing device that a kind of removable expansion type according to claim 1 can open awning, which is characterized in that described In intermediate Roof structure: steel column selects the bracket column of identical size, and in the inside steel column with the expansion Roof structure Equal-height position is welded with bracket column platform, expands track girder for welding;The hook of pull-cord is installed on the bracket column.
4. the constructing device that a kind of removable expansion type according to claim 1 can open awning, which is characterized in that described In intermediate Roof structure: the top steel pipe top end of fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam is welded with the bracket for installing driving part, The bottom end of fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam is welded with bracket and bearing for installing transmission gear.
5. a kind of removable expansion type according to claim 1-4 can open the constructing device of awning, feature Be, in intermediate Roof structure described in each group: fixed roof system is integrally in herringbone, lambdoid Liang Ge branch respectively with ground In 2~5 ° of angles, the horizontal span and foundation pit crown beam spacing of fixed roof system are adapted.
6. the constructing device that a kind of removable expansion type according to claim 5 can open awning, which is characterized in that described Expand in Roof structure: expanding truss and ground is in 2~5 ° of angles, expand truss length be less than fixed lateral awning truss-steel beam across The half of degree;It is parallel with the adjacent branch of fixation roof system to expand truss.
7. a kind of removable expansion type according to claim 1-4 can open the constructing device of awning, feature It is, in the expansion Roof structure: expanding track girder and use zinc-plated high carbon steel material, expand the length of track girder and fix horizontal Span to awning truss-steel beam is identical.
8. a kind of removable expansion type according to claim 1-4 can open the constructing device of awning, feature It is, in the intermediate orbit system: intermediate orbit wheel is equipped with brake locking mechanism.
9. the constructing device that a kind of removable expansion type according to claim 1 can open awning, which is characterized in that described Move freely system by the steel column of outside sliding support, set up on intermediate roof truss expansion track girder, expand rail wheel group At, in which: the sliding support is in a manner of multiple universal wheels and flat sheet combination as the pedestal for expanding Roof structure, in which: Plate selects square steel slab, plate with a thickness of 20mm~40mm;One is respectively welded at four angles of the flat plate bottom A small-sized universal wheel for meeting load-bearing and movement requirement and having locking mechanism.
10. the construction party that a kind of removable expansion type using any one of the claim 1-9 constructing device can open awning Method, which is characterized in that the method default expands Roof structure opening and removable roof system is in close state, at driving part In locking state;
It the described method comprises the following steps:
The intermediate Roof structure of awning and expansion Roof structure are moved to construction location by the first step, specifically:
1) the brake locking mechanism of sliding support is opened;
2) most inner side that expansion Roof structure is shifted onto intermediate Roof structure makes to expand truss and fixed roof system is overlapped;
3) hawser driven with engineering machinery is mounted on the hook of bracket column;
4) the brake locking mechanism of intermediate orbit wheel is opened;
5) it is parallel with intermediate orbit to adjust hawser, to guarantee that entire constructing device is translatable in intermediate orbit parallel direction;
6) bracket column is drawn by the hawser parallel with intermediate orbit, entire constructing device is enabled to move along intermediate orbit;
7) after reaching designated position, the hawser that connect with bracket column is released, and by the brake locking mechanism of intermediate orbit wheel It is locked;
Second step adjusts and expands Roof structure to designated position, specifically:
1) it is lower than 30 degree when rainfall is less than 10mm/24h and temperature, and does not need to hang out using gantry crane, hangs in outside and set When standby, expansion truss is moved to the most inner side of intermediate Roof structure, then locks the brake locking mechanism of sliding support;
2) when rainfall be greater than 10mm/24h when or temperature be greater than 30 degree, and expansion Roof structure have the need for keeping off the rain or avoiding heat When asking, truss will be expanded and be drawn to the outermost expanding rail wheel and can achieve outward, finally lock the brake lock of sliding support Crash structure;
3) when hanging in, hanging out external equipment, Roof structure will be expanded and be drawn to outermost outward, and lock sliding support Brake locking mechanism;
4) when expanding Roof structure and wanting passing vehicle and when not needing gantry crane and hanging in, hang out, Roof structure will be expanded and shifted onto Most inner side, and the brake locking mechanism of locked sliding support;
Third step adjusts removable roof system to designated position, specifically:
1) when external equipment is needed to hang in by gantry crane, be hung out, move expand truss to the 3 of second step first) position, it opens Driving part is opened, by controlling the rotation direction of two driving parts on lateral awning truss-steel beam, enables left and right two panels can respectively Mobile roof moves down in parallel and covers fixed roof boarding, when fixed roof boarding is completely covered in mobile roof, by driving portion Part locks and stops driving part;
2) it when rainfall is greater than 10mm/24h or temperature is greater than 30 degree, and is not necessarily to hang in, hang out external equipment, first adjusts and drives The rotation direction of dynamic component is third step 1) it is reversed, release motor is locked and opens driving part, enable left and right two panels respectively Removable roof system moves up and covers its initial position, and driving part is locked and stops driving part.
CN201810924745.5A 2018-08-14 2018-08-14 Construction device and construction method of movable expanded openable canopy Active CN109025388B (en)

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