CN109024146A - Expressway slope discharge structure - Google Patents

Expressway slope discharge structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109024146A
CN109024146A CN201810807591.1A CN201810807591A CN109024146A CN 109024146 A CN109024146 A CN 109024146A CN 201810807591 A CN201810807591 A CN 201810807591A CN 109024146 A CN109024146 A CN 109024146A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drainpipe
slope
hole
catch basin
flume
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Granted
Application number
CN201810807591.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109024146B (en
Inventor
蒲彦
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Sichuan Kai Chuang Construction Engineering Co Ltd
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Sichuan Kai Chuang Construction Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810807591.1A priority Critical patent/CN109024146B/en
Publication of CN109024146A publication Critical patent/CN109024146A/en
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Publication of CN109024146B publication Critical patent/CN109024146B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/227Gutters; Channels ; Roof drainage discharge ducts set in sidewalks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/10Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of expressway slope discharge structures, it is related to highway drainage field, including catch basin and lower flume, sliding is connected with kickboard vertically in catch basin, the side of kickboard is fixedly connected with the eliminator plate for being inserted in lower flume, the side of eliminator plate is connected to side of the lower flume close to side slope, and setting is equipped with drainpipe in side slope, and the lower end of drainpipe extends to the lower end of side slope;Eliminator plate offers the metering hole being connected to lower flume;Under normality, the upper limb of metering hole is lower than the upper limb in hole on drainpipe, and the lower edge of metering hole is lower than the lower edge of drainpipe lower opening;Permeable hole is also uniformly provided on drainpipe.It solves in the prior art, when rainfall is less, rainwater enters drainpipe and is rapidly drained by drainpipe, water is caused not infiltrate into inside side slope, problem is drained, with water flow in water pipe can be being automatically adjusted, extends the flowing time in drainpipe of rainwater, rainwater is made to have the advantages that longer time infiltrates into inside side slope.

Description

Expressway slope discharge structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to highway drainage field, in particular to a kind of expressway slope discharge structure.
Background technique
With the fast development of Chinese economy, the mileage of highway is continuously increased.The maintenance of highway increasingly by To attention, Premature Failure of Expressway water is first " arch-criminal ", and Drainage Design is related to service life and the use cost of highway, Road surface center ponding when to prevent from raining, highway is typically provided to the low structure in intermediate high two sides, to keep high speed public The water in road center flow to high speed both sides of highway, last so again by the discharge structure of highway two sides side slope by highway road The ponding in face is drained.
The drainage pattern of the road surface two sides side slope of highway has centralization draining and distributing to drain two kinds at present:
(1) distributing draining is exactly to be not provided with blocking drainage facility on the outside of highway, and rainwater flows to side slope after dropping to road surface naturally, warp Side slope flows to gutter and drains;Distributing draining has draining rapidly, and road surface not ponding is conducive to traffic safety, rainwater road pavement The small advantage of destruction;But this mode easily side slope surface cause it is secondary wash away, especially silt, swelled ground area Roadbed is destroyed very serious;
(2) centralization draining is exactly to be arranged on the outside of highway to block water band or kerbstone, blocks water band every being arranged in a distance Dustpan mouth, chute is connected under dustpan mouth, and chute connects gutter.Water band is blocked after dustpan mouth concentration in edge after rainwater drops to road surface, Gutter is flowed to through chute to drain;Centralization draining, which has, avoids washing away for side slope surface, is conducive to protect the excellent of roadbed Point;But due to express highway pavement out-of-flatness or change of longitudinal grade, the surface gathered water blocked between two dustpan mouth of water band is easily led to, it is difficult With discharge.
Existing to can refer to the Chinese patent document that Authorization Notice No. is CN202898940U, it discloses one kind to be used in high speed The multi-functional close cellular type expressway slope discharge structure of roadside, it include be arranged on both sides of the road block water band, block water The drainpipe for being provided with and being embedded in side slope is taken, through water band is blocked, lower end tilts down and is connected with gutter for the upper end of drainpipe, The lower end of drainpipe is provided with valve, is provided with water seepage hole on the side wall of drainpipe;The utility model have both centralization draining and The advantages of distributing drains, the shortcomings that overcoming existing two kinds of drainage patterns, i.e. guarantee precipitation can sufficiently drain, and make Road On face will not ponding, and side slope will not be washed away, protect highway, extend the service life of highway, and can pass through The green plants in side slope are irrigated in the cooperation of valve and water seepage hole, are avoided sprinkling-water type and are poured existing very big security risk, Side slope plant, which pour, when avoiding dry season will employ the traffic accident that a large amount of sprinkling truck causes.
Above-mentioned this multi-functional close cellular type expressway slope discharge structure, by water seepage hole by the water penetration in water pipe To side slope, to realize the pouring of plant root in side slope.But when rainfall is less, a small amount of rainwater enters drainpipe When, it can rapidly be drained by drainpipe, not infiltrated into inside side slope also so as to cause the water in drainpipe, just flow to draining Ditch is drained, and in addition valve is arranged in drainpipe lower end in above-mentioned multi-functional close cellular type expressway slope discharge structure, but still The flow velocity that rainwater can not be changed is only capable of for rainwater being piled up in the lower part of downcomer, so that the bottom of side slope is infiltrated into, side slope top Still cannot achieve infiltration.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of expressway slope discharge structure, water in water pipe can automatically adjusted by having Flow is flowed, keeps rainfall small, when surface gathered water is few, interior instantaneous flow is managed and reduces, extend the flowing time in drainpipe of rainwater, Make rainwater there is longer time to infiltrate into inside side slope, when the big surface gathered water of rainfall is more, manages interior instantaneous flow and increase, accelerate rain Water is in draining velocity in pipes, thus the advantages of rainwater is discharged quickly.
Above-mentioned technical purpose of the invention has the technical scheme that
A kind of expressway slope discharge structure, including the catch basin being opened between highway and side slope, catch basin includes It horizontally disposed catch basin and is vertically arranged at catch basin and is provided with level in the lower flume of side slope side, catch basin and set The kickboard set, the side of the kickboard are fixedly connected with the eliminator plate for being inserted in lower flume vertically, and the side of the eliminator plate is vertical Sliding is connected to side of the lower flume close to side slope, and setting is equipped with drainpipe, the upper end of drainpipe and lower flume in the side slope Connection, the lower end of drainpipe extends to the lower end of side slope;The eliminator plate level offers the current limliting that can be connected to lower flume Hole, current limliting bore dia are identical as the aperture of drainpipe;
Under normality, the upper limb of metering hole is lower than the upper limb in hole on drainpipe, and the lower edge of metering hole is lower than under drainpipe lower opening Edge;
Water in catch basin pushes kickboard rising to be able to drive eliminator plate rising, and keeps the upper hole of metering hole and drainpipe coaxial Line;
Permeable hole is also uniformly provided on the drainpipe.
It is smaller in rainfall by using above scheme, when highway surfaces ponding is less, the ponding of highway surfaces Flow in catch basin, then be flowed directly to lower flume and pass through eliminator plate metering hole and drainpipe on gap between hole flow to row In water pipe, to control ponding flow, flow ponding slowly along drainpipe, and then make more ponding from the saturating of drainpipe Water hole infiltrates into inside side slope to irrigating plant;When rainfall is big, the ponding of highway surfaces is flow in catch basin, is then flowed After in lower flume, since gap is smaller between hole on metering hole and drainpipe, thus ponding is first begin to filling lower flume, so After continue to fill up catch basin, so that kickboard be driven to start to float, to drive eliminator plate to begin to ramp up, to make metering hole and row Gap on water pipe between hole is gradually increased, until hole and metering hole coaxial line on drainpipe, and then increase flow, to make to collect Ponding in sink, is discharged quickly through drainpipe.
Preferably, the top of the catch basin is connected with vertically blocks water band, described block offers sewer in water band, described The lower end of sewer is connected to catch basin, and the upper end lower edge of the sewer is lower than highway upper surface, the sewer Upper end upper limb is higher than highway upper surface.
By using above scheme, when the rainwater of highway surfaces flows to the two sides of highway, it is real to block water band The interception of rainwater, avoids the rainwater on highway from flowing to side slope upper surface, side slope causes secondary punching on existing highway Brush, then, the ponding for blocking the obstruction of water band directly flow in catch basin from blocking the sewer opened up in water band, are on the other hand arranged The upper end lower edge of sewer be below highway surfaces, the upper end upper limb of sewer is above highway surfaces, can be with It can be fully flowed into sewer convenient for the ponding on the outside of sewer.
Preferably, the outer sheath of the drainpipe is equipped with soakaway trench, water seepage hole is offered on the soakaway trench;
The drainpipe is inserted in soakaway trench.
By using above scheme, the water energy in drainpipe enough passes through permeable hole and flow to soakaway trench, then passes through water seepage hole It penetrates into side slope, to directly pour to plantation in the root of the plant in side slope, on the other hand drainpipe is set Being inserted in soakaway trench can be in order to the replacement of drainpipe.
Preferably, the outside of the soakaway trench is also arranged with reverse osmosis water conservancy project cloth.
By using above scheme, the outer sheath of soakaway trench is equipped with unidirectional infiltration cloth, can prevent the aqueous reflux in side slope To soakaway trench.
Preferably, the drainpipe includes the tube body that more piece is mutually spliced, tube body upper end offers annular groove, and tube body Lower end is installed with slotting ring, and slotting ring and the annular groove of two adjacent sections tube body are mutually inserted.
By using above scheme, it convenient for the assembling of drainpipe, and can be realized the sealing between each section tube body, prevent from accumulating Water is flowed out between each section tube body.
Preferably, respectively the outside of section tube body is uniformly installed with ring plate, the ring plate and tube body coaxial line, the ring plate it is outer Side is connected to the inner sidewall of soakaway trench.
By using above scheme, the inner sidewall of soakaway trench can be cleaned by the ring plate on the tube body of setting, Strike off the foreign matters such as the moss on soakaway trench inner sidewall together in soakaway trench with the ring plate of tube body.
Preferably, the position of the sewer upper end is fixedly connected with strainer.
By using above scheme, the stone of highway surfaces and rubbish can be isolated from by the strainer of setting The outside of sewer prevents rubbish, stone from entering and blocks sewer in sewer.
Preferably, the lower end that the side slope corresponds to drainpipe is removably connected with lower baffle ring, the lower baffle ring is connected to row The lower end of water pipe.
By using above scheme, lower baffle ring is connected to the lower end of drainpipe, realizes support of the lower baffle ring to drainpipe, Prevent drainpipe from skidding off from soakaway trench.
Preferably, the position that the side slope corresponds to drainpipe lower end is embedded with reinforcing ring made of concrete, reinforcing ring Upper end is fixedly connected on soakaway trench, and the lower baffle ring is threadedly connected to reinforcing ring.
By using above scheme, realized down by the reinforcing ring of setting and the lower baffle ring for being threadedly connected to reinforcing ring Baffle ring it is removable, convenient for the replacement of drainpipe, while also achieving support of the lower baffle ring to drainpipe.
Preferably, the side slope is removably connected with upper stopper close to the side of lower flume, the upper stopper is connected to row The upper end of water pipe;
The position of the correspondence drainpipe upper end of the upper stopper is offered to be connected to and the identical through-hole in aperture with drainpipe;
The side of the eliminator plate is connected to upper stopper far from drainpipe side.
By using above scheme, the upper end of drainpipe can be limited, be prevented when long by the way that upper stopper is arranged Between after use, each save generates gap between tube body.
To sum up, the invention has the following advantages:
1. smaller in rainfall, when highway surfaces ponding is less, the ponding of highway surfaces is flow in catch basin, then directly Flow to lower flume and pass through eliminator plate metering hole and drainpipe on gap between hole flow in drainpipe, to control ponding Flow flows ponding slowly along drainpipe, and then infiltrates into more ponding inside side slope from the permeable hole of drainpipe To irrigating plant;When rainfall is big, the ponding of highway surfaces is flow in catch basin, after then passing in lower flume, due to Gap is smaller between hole on metering hole and drainpipe, thus ponding is first begin to filling lower flume, then proceedes to filling catch basin, To driving kickboard to start to float, so that eliminator plate be driven to begin to ramp up, thus between making on metering hole and drainpipe between hole Gap is gradually increased, until hole and metering hole coaxial line on drainpipe, and then increase flow, to make the ponding in catch basin, fastly Speed is discharged by drainpipe;
It 2. being convenient for the assembling of drainpipe, and can be realized the sealing between each section tube body, prevent ponding from flowing between each section tube body Out;
3. the ring plate on the tube body for passing through setting can clean the inner sidewall of soakaway trench, make the blueness on soakaway trench inner sidewall The foreign matters such as tongue fur are struck off together with the ring plate of tube body in soakaway trench.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the integrally-built diagrammatic cross-section of expressway slope discharge structure;
Fig. 2 is the portion A enlarged drawing in figure;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that drainage channel is highlighted in embodiment.
In figure, 1, catch basin;11, catch basin;111, slide bar;112, support column;12, lower flume;13, kickboard;131, sliding Hole;132, eliminator plate;1321, metering hole;2, drainage channel;21, drainpipe;211, tube body;2111, annular groove;2112, it inserts Ring;212, permeable hole;213, ring plate;22, soakaway trench;221, water seepage hole;222, unidirectionally seep water cloth;23, upper stopper;231, lead to Hole;24, reinforcing ring;241, lower baffle ring;3, accommodation groove;31, water band is blocked;311, sewer;312, strainer.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, invention is further described in detail.The wherein identical appended drawing reference of identical components It indicates.It should be noted that word "front", "rear" used in the following description, "left", "right", "up" and "down" refer to it is attached Direction in figure, word " ground " and " top surface ", "inner" and "outside" are referred respectively to towards or away from geometric center of specific component Direction.
Embodiment: a kind of expressway slope discharge structure, combined with Figure 1 and Figure 2, include vertically be opened in highway with It catch basin 1 between side slope and multiple is obliquely installed in the drainage channel 2 in side slope, the upper end of drainage channel 2 and catch basin 1 Connection, the lower end of drainage channel 2 is connected to the gutter being opened in below side slope.When raining, the rainwater stream of highway upper surface It moves to the catch basin 1 of high speed both sides of highway, then the water in catch basin 1 is drained into gutter by drainage channel 2 and is flowed away, prevent The only surface gathered water of highway.
The position that highway corresponds to 1 upper end of catch basin is also provided with accommodation groove 3, is inserted with vertically in accommodation groove 3 and blocks water Band 31, blocking water band 31, evenly arranged concrete slab forms in the horizontal direction by muti-piece, the both ends of adjacent concrete slab Mutually abut, and the bottom side of the wall of slabstone is abutted with the side wall of accommodation groove 3, block be uniformly provided in the horizontal direction in water band 31 it is more The sewer 311 of a inverted L-shaped, the lower end of sewer 311 are connected to catch basin 1, and the upper end of sewer 311 is also public with high speed The connection of road surface, and the upper end lower edge of sewer 311 is below highway surfaces, the upper end upper limb of sewer 311 is high In highway surfaces.Sewer has also been respectively fixedly connected with strainer 312 inside 311 upper end.When work, highway surfaces When rainwater flows to the two sides of highway, the interception that water band 31 realizes rainwater on highway is blocked, is avoided on highway Rainwater flow to side slope upper surface, side slope cause it is secondary wash away, then, block the ponding of the obstruction of water band 31 directly from blocking water band The sewer 311 opened up in 31 flows in catch basin 1, and can be by the stone of highway surfaces by the strainer 312 of setting Son and rubbish isolate from the outside of sewer 311, prevent rubbish, stone from entering and block sewer 311 in sewer 311.Separately On the one hand the upper end lower edge of the sewer 311 of setting is below highway surfaces, and the upper end upper limb of sewer 311 is above height Fast road surface can fully flow into sewer in order to the ponding in 311 outside of sewer.Thirdly, when needing to clean Composition directly can be blocked each block concrete slabstone of water band 31 and extracted by catch basin 1 or when operating to facility in catch basin 1 Accommodation groove 3, to carry out corresponding operating to catch basin 1.
Catch basin 1 is in inverted L-shaped, including horizontally disposed catch basin 11 and is vertically arranged at catch basin 11 close to side slope one The lower flume 12 of side, being horizontally disposed in catch basin 11 has kickboard 13, and the width of kickboard 13 is less than the width of catch basin 11, catch basin More slide bars 111 are also inserted in 11 vertically, the upper end of slide bar 111 can be connected to the lower end for blocking water band 31.It is right in kickboard 13 The position of slide bar 111 is answered to offer slide opening 131, slide bar 111 is inserted in slide opening 131, cooperated by slide opening 131 and slide bar 111, Kickboard 13 can slide vertically and be connected in catch basin 11, and the lower end of slide bar 111 is installed with support column 112, support column 112 it is upper Surface is connected to 13 lower surface of kickboard, thus make kickboard 13 under normal conditions higher than catch basin 11 bottom surface so as to make ponding from The lower section of kickboard 13 is flow in lower flume 12.
Drainage channel 2 includes drainpipe 21 and the soakaway trench 22 for being sheathed on 21 outside of drainpipe, is corresponded in lower flume 12 The side of drainpipe 21 and soakaway trench 22 is vertically arranged with upper stopper 23, and upper stopper 23 is inserted in side slope in the horizontal direction and is close to The side of lower flume 12 is also provided with multiple horizontally disposed through-holes 231, the diameter and drainpipe of through-hole 231 in upper stopper 23 21 aperture is identical, and through-hole 231 is connected to the upper end of corresponding drainpipe 21.The side of kickboard 13 is also fixedly connected with vertically The horizontal direction thickness of the eliminator plate 132 being inserted in lower flume 12, eliminator plate 132 is less than 12 horizontal direction width of lower flume. The side of eliminator plate 132 is connected to side of the upper stopper 23 far from drainage channel 2.Multiple current limlitings are also provided on eliminator plate 132 The diameter in hole 1321, metering hole 1321 is identical as the diameter of through-hole 231, and multiple metering holes 1321 are corresponding in upper stopper 23 respectively Through-hole 231 be connected to.Under normality, the upper limb of metering hole 1321 is lower than the upper limb of through-hole 231, and the lower edge of metering hole 1321 is lower than logical The lower edge in hole 231, and 13 upper surface of kickboard is connected to when blocking water 31 lower surface of band, metering hole 1321 and 231 coaxial line of through-hole.From And it is smaller in rainfall, when highway surfaces ponding is less, the ponding of highway surfaces flow to catch basin 11 along sewer 311 It is interior, then be flowed directly to lower flume 12 and drainpipe is flow to by the gap between the metering hole of eliminator plate 132 1321 and through-hole 231 In 21, to control ponding flow, flow ponding slowly along drainpipe 21;When rainfall is big, the product of highway surfaces Water is flow in catch basin 11 along sewer 311 then pass in lower flume 12 after, due to being stitched between metering hole 1321 and through-hole 231 Gap is smaller, thus ponding is first begin to filling lower flume 12, then proceedes to filling catch basin 11, to drive on kickboard 13 starts It is floating, so that eliminator plate 132 is driven to begin to ramp up, so that it is gradually increased the gap between metering hole 1321 and through-hole 231, until Through-hole 231 and 1321 coaxial line of metering hole, and then increase flow, to make the ponding in catch basin 1, quickly through drainpipe 21 Discharge.
In conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, drainpipe 21 includes the composition of tube body 211 that more piece is mutually spliced, each upper end for saving tube body 211 Annular groove 2111 is offered, each lower end for saving tube body 211 is installed with slotting ring 2112, the annular groove of adjacent connection pipe body 211 2111 are mutually inserted with slotting ring 2112, thus realize the connection of adjacent tubes 211, convenient for the assembling of drainpipe 21, and can be real The now respectively sealing between section tube body 211, prevents ponding from flowing out between each section tube body 211.It is uniformly provided on each section tube body 211 Permeable hole 212, each lateral wall for saving tube body 211 are also uniformly installed with ring plate 213, ring plate 213 with 211 coaxial line of tube body, ring The lateral wall of piece 213 is connected to the inner sidewall of soakaway trench 22.Soakaway trench 22 is buried to side slope, on the side wall of soakaway trench 22 Even to offer water seepage hole 221, the outside of soakaway trench 22 is also arranged with unidirectional infiltration cloth 222, prevents the aqueous reflux in side slope from extremely seeping In water pipe 22.The position that side slope corresponds to 2 lower end of drainage channel is embedded with the reinforcing ring 24 of concrete material, and soakaway trench 22 is fixed to be connected It is connected in reinforcing ring 24, the lower thread of reinforcing ring 24 is connected with lower baffle ring 241, aperture and the drainpipe 21 of lower baffle ring 241 Aperture is identical, and lower baffle ring 241 can be connected to the lower end bottom wall of drainpipe 21, to realize the support of drainpipe 21.Draining Water energy in pipe 21 enough passes through permeable hole 212 and flow to soakaway trench 22, is then seeped by water seepage hole 221 and unidirectional infiltration cloth 222 Thoroughly in side slope, to directly pour to plantation in the root of the plant in side slope, and pass through catch basin 1 and drainpipe The flow for controlling the ponding flowed out out of catch basin 1 may be implemented, when rainfall is few, to make ponding in drainpipe 21 in 21 cooperations Interior slow flowing, and then infiltrate into more ponding out of drainage channel 2 to irrigating plant inside side slope, it is larger in rainfall When, and ponding can be made quickly to flow in gutter out of drainage channel and drained.On the other hand, when after a long time, drainpipe 21 Generate aging or it is internal because the problems such as moss result in blockage when, the water band 31 that blocks of 1 top of catch basin can be extracted, by kickboard 13 It is taken out with upper stopper 23, lower baffle ring 241 is removed from reinforcing ring 24, then chooses new tube body 211 from the upper of drainage channel 2 End is plugged along soakaway trench 22, so that new tube body 211 is inserted in soakaway trench 22 from above, makes the old tube body of older damage 211 skid off from the lower end of soakaway trench 22.Colleague, can be to the inside of soakaway trench 22 by the ring plate 213 on the tube body 211 of setting Wall is cleaned, and strikes off the foreign matters such as the moss on 22 inner sidewall of soakaway trench together in soakaway trench with the ring plate 213 of tube body 211 22。
The course of work: smaller in rainfall, when highway surfaces ponding is less, the ponding of highway surfaces is along sewer 311 flow in catch basin 11, then are flowed directly to lower flume 12 and by between the metering hole 1321 and through-hole 231 of eliminator plate 132 Gap flow in drainpipe 21, to control ponding flow, flow ponding slowly along drainpipe 21, and then make more Ponding is infiltrated into inside side slope out of drainage channel 2 to irrigating plant;When rainfall is big, the ponding edge of highway surfaces is lauched Road 311 is flow in catch basin 11 then pass in lower flume 12 after, since gap is smaller between metering hole 1321 and through-hole 231, Thus ponding is first begin to filling lower flume 12, then proceedes to filling catch basin 11, so that kickboard 13 is driven to start to float, thus Eliminator plate 132 is driven to begin to ramp up, to make the gap between metering hole 1321 and through-hole 231 be gradually increased, until through-hole 231 With 1321 coaxial line of metering hole, and then increase flow, to make the ponding in catch basin 1, is discharged quickly through drainpipe 21, into And it flows to ponding quickly in gutter and drains.
On the other hand, when after a long time, drainpipe 21 generate aging or it is internal because the problems such as moss result in blockage when, can be with The water band 31 that blocks of 1 top of catch basin is extracted, kickboard 13 and upper stopper 23 are taken out, lower baffle ring 241 is torn open from reinforcing ring 24 Under, it then chooses new tube body 211 and is plugged from the upper end edge soakaway trench 22 of drainage channel 2, so that new tube body 211 be inserted from upper In soakaway trench 22, skid off the old tube body 211 of older damage from the lower end of soakaway trench 22.Colleague, passes through the pipe of setting Ring plate 213 on body 211 can clean the inner sidewall of soakaway trench 22, make the foreign matters such as the moss on 22 inner sidewall of soakaway trench It is struck off together with the ring plate 213 of tube body 211 in soakaway trench 22.
This specific embodiment is only explanation of the invention, is not limitation of the present invention, those skilled in the art Member can according to need the modification that not creative contribution is made to the present embodiment after reading this specification, but as long as at this All by the protection of Patent Law in the scope of the claims of invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of expressway slope discharge structure, it is characterised in that: including being opened in catchmenting between highway and side slope Slot (1), catch basin (1) include horizontally disposed catch basin (11) and are vertically arranged at catch basin (11) close to side slope side Lower flume (12), sliding is connected with horizontally disposed kickboard (13) vertically in catch basin (11), and the side of the kickboard (13) is solid Fixed connection is inserted in the eliminator plate (132) of lower flume (12) vertically, and the side of the eliminator plate (132) is connected to lower flume (12) Setting is equipped with drainpipe (21) in the side of side slope, the side slope, and the upper end of drainpipe (21) is connected to lower flume (12), The lower end of drainpipe (21) extends to the lower end of side slope;Eliminator plate (132) level offers can be with lower flume (12) even Logical metering hole (1321), metering hole (1321) diameter are identical as the aperture of drainpipe (21);
Under normality, the upper limb of metering hole (1321) is lower than the upper limb in hole on drainpipe (21), and the lower edge of metering hole (1321) is low In the lower edge of drainpipe (21) lower opening;
Water in catch basin (1) pushes kickboard (13) to rise and is able to drive eliminator plate (132) rising, and make metering hole (1321) with The upper hole coaxial line of drainpipe (21);
Permeable hole (212) are also uniformly provided on the drainpipe (21).
2. expressway slope discharge structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the top of the catch basin (1) It is connected with and blocks water band (31) vertically, described block offers sewer (311) in water band (31), the lower end of the sewer (311) It is connected to catch basin (1), the upper end lower edge of the sewer (311) is lower than highway upper surface, the sewer (311) Upper end upper limb is higher than highway upper surface.
3. expressway slope discharge structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the outside of the drainpipe (21) It is arranged with soakaway trench (22), is offered water seepage hole (221) on the soakaway trench (22), the drainpipe (21) is inserted in soakaway trench (22) in.
4. expressway slope discharge structure according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the outside of the soakaway trench (22) Also it is arranged with unidirectional infiltration cloth (222).
5. expressway slope discharge structure according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the drainpipe (21) includes more The tube body (211) mutually spliced is saved, tube body (211) upper end offers annular groove (2111), and the lower end of tube body (211) is installed with Slotting ring (2112), slotting ring (2112) and the annular groove (2111) of two adjacent sections tube body (211) are mutually inserted.
6. expressway slope discharge structure according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: respectively save the outside of tube body (211) It is uniformly installed with ring plate (213), the ring plate (213) and tube body (211) coaxial line, is connected on the outside of the ring plate (213) The inner sidewall of soakaway trench (22).
7. expressway slope discharge structure according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: sewer (311) upper end Position be fixedly connected with strainer (312).
8. expressway slope discharge structure according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the side slope corresponds to drainpipe (21) lower end is removably connected with lower baffle ring (241), and the lower baffle ring (241) is connected to the lower end of drainpipe (21).
9. expressway slope discharge structure according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: the side slope corresponds to drainpipe (21) position of lower end is embedded with reinforcing ring made of concrete (24), and the upper end of reinforcing ring (24) is fixedly connected on soakaway trench (22), the lower baffle ring (241) is threadedly connected to reinforcing ring (24).
10. expressway slope discharge structure according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the side slope is close to lower flume (12) side is removably connected with upper stopper (23), and the upper stopper (23) is connected to the upper end of drainpipe (21);
The position of correspondence drainpipe (21) upper end of the upper stopper (23) offers identical as drainpipe (21) connection and aperture Through-hole (231);
The side of the eliminator plate (132) is connected to upper stopper (23) far from drainpipe (21) side.
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